Press Releases

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Showing releases 151-175 out of 1741.

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Public Release: 31-Dec-2015
Bigelow Laboratory scientist part of Gulf of Mexico oil spill follow-up research
Dr. Christoph Aeppli from Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences was awarded a grant to investigate the long-term effects of petroleum released during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Aeppli teamed with Ryan Rodgers of Florida State University and Chris Reddy of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to determine how the chemical composition of oil has been altered in the environment and how marine organisms may be affected by these changes.
Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Darlene Trew Crist
207-315-2567 x103
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 30-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
This week from AGU: Research presented at the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting & mapping northern seas
New research shows that the tumultuous groundwater beneath northern Iceland's mist may hold the key to predicting future earthquakes in the region.

Contact: Nanci Bompey
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 30-Dec-2015
Satellite captures birth of South Pacific Tropical Cyclone Ula
As Tropical Cyclone Ula was coming together, NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of the consolidating storm in the Southern Pacific Ocean.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Dec-2015
River ecosystems show 'incredible' initial recovery after dam removal
A songbird species that flourishes on the salmon-rich side of dams in the western United States struggles when it tries to nest on the side closed off from the fish and the nutrients they leave behind. But the songbird and the rest of the divided ecosystem rebounds, faster than some experts expected, when dams come down and rivers are allowed to resume their natural flow.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Geological Survey, Smithsonian Institution and National Zoo

Contact: Christopher Tonra
Ohio State University

Public Release: 23-Dec-2015
Evidence of past volcanic activity in the Caribbean Sea
Reconstructing the magnitude of past volcanic eruptions is important in informing predictions about future eruptions and hazards. This is difficult to accomplish from records on land -- old eruptions are often eroded away, buried beneath later eruptions, or obscured by vegetation and soil. Most volcanoes are close to the oceans, so much of the erupted material falls into seawater and accumulates on the seafloor.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 23-Dec-2015
Biological Bulletin
The power of touch
Many animals change sex at some point in their lives, often after reaching a certain size. Snails called slipper limpets begin life as males, and become female as they grow. A new Smithsonian study shows that when two males are kept together and can touch one another, the larger one changes to female sooner, and the smaller one later. Contact, rather than chemicals released into the water, is necessary for the effect.

Contact: Beth King
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Large permanent reserves required for effective conservation of old fish
Permanent marine protected areas and wilderness -- places where fish can grow old -- are critical to the effective conservation of marine ecosystems according to a new study conducted by the Wildlife Conservation Society, James Cook University, and Lancaster University.

Contact: John Delaney
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 23-Dec-2015
Biology Letters
Study assessed impacts of Deepwater Horizon oil spill on sea turtles
Researchers investigating the impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on sea turtles found that over 320,000 juvenile sea turtles from populations throughout the Atlantic Ocean were likely present in the northern Gulf of Mexico during the 87-day oil spill. The study, led by researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, has important implications for international management and restoration efforts following oil spills.
NOAA Protected Species Toolbox, National Research Council Research Associateship Award

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists discover that salty sea spray affects clouds
All over the planet, every day, oceans send plumes of sea spray into the atmosphere. Beyond the poetry of crashing ocean waves, this salt- and carbon-rich spray also has a dramatic effect on cloud formation and duration.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Beneficial bacteria in Hawaiian squid attracted to fatty acids
A study published recently by scientists at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa and University of Wisconsin - Madison revealed that the Hawaiian bobtail squid's symbiotic bacteria, Vibrio fischeri, has a novel type of receptors that sense the presence and concentration of fatty acids, a building block of all cell membranes.

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Food Security
Infectious disease spread is fueled by international trade
International trade and travel has literally opened up new vistas for humans, ranging from travel to exotic places to enjoying the products and services of those distant lands. But along with international trade and travel comes the risk of spreading infectious diseases, a growing problem in today's global economy, says an Arizona State University researcher.

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Mystery of heat loss from the Earth's crust has been solved
The first discovery of a new type of hydrothermal vent system in a decade helps explain the long observed disconnect between the theoretical rate at which the Earth's crust is cooling at seafloor spreading ridge flanks, and actual observations. It could also help scientists interpret the evidence for past global climates more accurately.
Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Holly Peacock
National Oceanography Centre, UK

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Global Change Biology
Corals may fare better in turbid waters, Florida Tech research finds
New research from Florida Institute of Technology scientists Chris Cacciapaglia and Rob van Woesik shows that corals may survive better in warm oceans where the water is clouded by floating particles.

Contact: Adam Lowenstein
Florida Citizens for Science

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Harmful Algae
Increased toxicity due to migration?
A seaweed from Asia -- used for human nutrition -- contains toxic compounds providing protection against animal consumers. However, newly introduced populations of the alga in North America and Europe contain considerably more of the deterrents.

Contact: Andreas Villwock
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 22-Dec-2015
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Harmful algal blooms and water quality
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) occur naturally, but their outbreaks are influenced by climate change and droughts, nutrient enrichment and manmade factors, such as contaminants from sewage and stormwater discharge, natural resource extraction or agricultural runoff, to name a few. An article in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry explores inland surface water quality assessment, research on HABs and management practices in an effort to identify the current challenges and seek solutions to the threats HABs present to public health and the environment.

Contact: Jen Lynch
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Public Release: 21-Dec-2015
Journal of Transport Geography
Rail line disruption set for dramatic increase as sea levels continue to rise
Rail services to and from the South West of England could be disrupted for more than 10 percent of each year by 2040 and almost one-third by 2100, a new study suggests.

Contact: Alan Williams
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 21-Dec-2015
Biological Conservation
Scientists discover rare sea snakes, previously thought extinct, off Western Australia
Scientists from James Cook University have discovered two critically endangered species of sea snakes, previously thought to be extinct, off the coast of Western Australia. It's the first time the snakes have been spotted alive and healthy since disappearing from their only known habitat on Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea more than fifteen years ago.
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

Contact: Eleanor Gregory
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 21-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rivers, lakes impact ability of forests to store carbon
Forests help remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by storing it in trees, but a sizeable amount of the greenhouse gas actually escapes through the soil and into rivers and streams.
US Geological Survey

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 21-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Melting sea ice increases Arctic precipitation, complicates climate predictions
The melting of sea ice will significantly increase Arctic precipitation, creating a climate feedback comparable to doubling global carbon dioxide, a Dartmouth College-led study finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 18-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Geophysical Research Letters
Lakes around the world rapidly warming
Climate change is rapidly heating up lakes around the world, threatening freshwater supplies and ecosystems across the planet, according to a study spanning six continents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 18-Dec-2015
NASA sees remnants of Tropical Depression 29W over Southern Philippines
Tropical Depression 29W was being battered by vertical wind shear from the day it formed and just two days later it dissipated as it reached the southern Philippines. NASA's Aqua satellite captured temperature data on the storms within the remnant low pressure area after it made landfall.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 18-Dec-2015
NASA finds huge rainfall totals from Typhoon Melor over Philippines
NASA'S Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM data collected from Dec. 12-17, 2015, were used to update Typhoon Melor's rainfall totals. The central Philippines received the largest amount of rainfall that measured almost three feet.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 18-Dec-2015
POSTECH team creates a more durable protein hydrogel based on elastic silk-like protein
Dr. Hyung Joon Cha's research team at POSTECH, Korea, examined the behavior of sea anemone to create a mechanically durable hydrogel. Their creation of an aneroin hydrogel provides significantly stronger properties than those of collagen, gelatin, and elastin. The mechanically durable and biologically favorable aneroin hydrogel shows clear advantages and could be used in various biomedical applications, especially for cell-containing biomaterials, cell-carrier patches, bio-artificial grafts, and burn dressing materials. Their research was published in Biomacromolecules.
Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries of Korea

Contact: YunMee Jung
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH)

Public Release: 18-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Life exploded on Earth after slow rise of oxygen
It took 100 million years for oxygen levels in the oceans and atmosphere to increase to the level that allowed the explosion of animal life on Earth about 600 million years ago, according to a UCL-led study funded by the Natural Environment Research Council.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 17-Dec-2015
Researcher studies fish populations at world's second largest freshwater lake
Catherine Wagner, a University of Wyoming assistant professor in the Department of Botany and the UW Biodiversity Institute, is studying interactions between the biodiversity of East Africa's Lake Tanganyika and the human communities that live around the lake.

Contact: Catherine Wagner
University of Wyoming

Showing releases 151-175 out of 1741.

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