Press Releases

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Showing releases 176-200 out of 1737.

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Public Release: 16-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Silent oceans: Acidification stops shrimp chorus
Snapping shrimps, the loudest invertebrate in the ocean, may be silenced under increasing ocean acidification, a University of Adelaide study has found.

Contact: Ivan Nagelkerken
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 16-Mar-2016
FAU awarded $3 million grant for fish farming project to help sportfishing industry
Designed to help Florida's multi-billion dollar sportfishing industry, the $3 million project is funded by the Bonefish & Tarpon Trust in partnership with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. It is the first of its kind and involves the design and testing of an experimental research project to grow bonefish for stock enhancement.
Bonefish & Tarpon Trust, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2016
Critically endangered crocodile hatchlings from same nest may have multiple fathers
Genetic analysis revealed that critically endangered Orinoco crocodile hatchlings from the same clutch may have multiple fathers, according to a study published March 16, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.
Uppsala University, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

Contact: One Press

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Scientific Reports
Boat mooring chains scour Rottnest (Australia) seagrass releasing CO2
Seagrass covering 48,000sqm has been scoured from the sands of Rottnest Island (Western Australia') by almost 900 mooring chains used by recreational boats according to research from Edith Cowan University and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

Contact: Pere Masqué
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Diversity and Distributions
Study says marine protected areas can benefit large sharks
Researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science published new findings that suggest the expansion of protected areas into US federal waters would safeguard 100 percent of core home range areas used by three species of sharks tracked in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean.
Batchelor Foundation, Disney Conservation Fund, Wells Fargo, Guy Harvey Ocean Foundation, West Coast Inland Navigation District

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Winter storms the most energetic to hit western Europe since 1948, study shows
The repeated storms which battered Europe's Atlantic coastline during the winter of 2013/14 were the most energetic in almost seven decades, new research led by Plymouth University with colleagues from France and Ireland has shown.

Contact: Alan Williams
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Winds hide Atlantic variability from Europe's winters
Shifting winds may explain why long-term fluctuations in North Atlantic sea surface temperatures have no apparent influence on Europe's wintertime temperatures. The findings, published in Nature Communications, could also have implications for how Europe's climate will evolve amid global warming.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies, Québec-Océan

Contact: Christopher Chipello
McGill University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Royal Society Open Science
Slow path to recovery for southern right whales
The first population assessment since the end of the whaling era reveals that New Zealand southern right whales have some way to go before numbers return to pre-industrial levels. Reporting this week in Royal Society Open Science scientists from British Antarctic Survey (BAS), the University of Auckland, Oregon State University and the University of St Andrews, explain how they used historic logbook records from whaling ships and computer modelling to compare population numbers.
New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries, Oregon State University, Pew Charitable Trust, Royal Society of New Zealand and the Natural Enviornment Research Council

Contact: Paul Seagrove
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
NASA measures US south heavy rainfall from space
Extremely heavy rain fell over the southern United States during the past week and data from the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission core satellite and others in the GPM constellation provided a look at areas with heaviest rainfall. The data showed the largest amounts of rain fell from north central Louisiana to southern Arkansas.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ASU researcher says now is the time to prioritize endangered species
Currently, resources allocated to recover endangered species are insufficient to save all listed species, and with a scarcity of funds what is needed to be effective is a more analytical approach that can bring clarity and openness to resource allocation, argues Leah Gerber, an Arizona State University conservation biologist.

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fish and insects guide design for future contact lenses
Making the most of the low light in the muddy rivers where it swims, the elephant nose fish survives by being able to spot predators amongst the muck with a uniquely shaped retina, the part of the eye that captures light. In a new study, researchers looked to the fish's retinal structure to inform the design of a contact lens that can adjust its focus.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Kathryn DeMott
NIH/National Eye Institute

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Carbon from land played a role during last deglaciation
As the Earth emerged from its last ice age several thousand years ago, atmospheric carbon dioxide increased and further warmed the planet. Scientists have long speculated that the primary source of this CO2 was from the deep ocean around Antarctica, though it has been difficult to prove. A study published this week confirmed that theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Brook
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How the brain detects short sounds
For humans to understand speech and for other animals to know each other's calls, the brain must distinguish short sounds from longer sounds. By studying frogs, University of Utah researchers figured out how certain brain cells compute the length of sounds and detect short ones.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Mar-2016
American Chemical Society 251st National Meeting & Exposition
Desert cactus purifies contaminated water for aquaculture, drinking and more (video)
Farm-grown fish are an important source of food with significant and worldwide societal and economic benefits, but the fish that come from these recirculating systems can have unpleasant tastes and odors. To clean contaminated water for farmed fish, drinking and other uses, scientists are now turning to an unlikely source -- the mucilage or inner 'guts' of cacti. Researchers will be presenting their latest findings at the 251st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery unlikely to recover due to ongoing food shortage
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery will likely never return to its glory days because the lake can no longer support the predatory fish's main food source, the herring-like alewife, according to a new University of Michigan-led computer-modeling study.
US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Journal of Archaeological Science
Satellites and shipwrecks: Landsat satellite spots foundered ships in coastal waters
Using data from the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite, researchers have detected plumes extending as far as 4 kilometers (about 2.5 miles) downstream from shallow shipwreck sites.

Contact: Rani Gran
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
GSA Bulletin
Evidence in the Cassia Hills of Idaho reveals 12 catastrophic eruptions
Ancient super-eruptions west of Yellowstone, USA, were investigated by an international initiative to examine the frequency of massive volcanic events. Yellowstone famously erupted cataclysmically in recent times, but these were just the latest of a longer succession of huge explosive eruptions that burned a track from Oregon eastward toward Yellowstone during the past 16 million years.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Conservation sea change
Beyond the breakers, the ocean is like the Wild West. While not completely lawless, its vastness and remoteness make it hard to observe and more difficult to manage human activity.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Small brain is good for the immune system -- if you are a fish
Having a small brain may provide immune benefits, at least if you are a guppy. A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society shows that guppies with smaller brains have stronger immune responses than guppies with larger brains.

Contact: Alexander Kotrschal, Department of Zoology, Stockholm Univer
Stockholm University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Using statistics to predict rogue waves
Scientists have developed a mathematical model to derive the probability of extreme waves. This model uses multi-point statistics, the joint statistics of multiple points in time or space, to predict how likely extreme waves are. The results, published today, Friday, March 11, in the New Journal of Physics, demonstrate that evolution of these probabilities obey a well-known function, greatly reducing the complexity of the results.

Contact: Steve Pritchard
IOP Publishing

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Major source of methanol in the ocean identified
As one of the most abundant organic compounds on the planet, methanol occurs naturally in the environment as plants release it as they grow and decompose. It is also found in the ocean, where it is a welcome food source for ravenous microbes that feast on it for energy and growth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
IEEE Winter Conference on Computer Vision
Disney researchers take depth cameras into the depths for high-accuracy 3-D capture
Disney Research scientists are adapting low-cost depth-sensing cameras for use underwater, with the goal of capturing 3-D models of marine flora and fauna with a high degree of accuracy.

Contact: Jennifer Liu
Disney Research

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
DNA Research
The turbot: The first vertebrate to be sequenced in Spain
The first vertebrate to be genetically sequenced in Spain, the Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), has a much more highly developed sense of sight than other fish, since it has evolved in order to adapt itself to the lack of light on the sea bed. In addition, its genes show us that the levels of fat in its cellular membranes are far higher than in other species, so as to be able to withstand the low water temperatures in its habitat.

Contact: Alda Ólafsson
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Nature Genetics
Spotted Gar genome links humans to vertebrate ancestry
The Spotted Gar is an unusual fish whose genome sequence has been released in a recent study highlighted in Nature Genetics. This fish has surprising genetic similarities and ancestral qualities which are informative about the evolution of many vertebrate animals -- including humans.

Contact: Hayley London
The Genome Analysis Centre

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Overfishing devastates spawning aggregations
Because they are easier to catch and potentially more threatened by nonlethal effects, fish that form spawning aggregations are at particular risk when those aggregations are heavily fished. To address the threat, precautionary management principles that limit or prohibit fishing on spawning aggregations must be implemented.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: James Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1737.

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