Press Releases

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Showing releases 201-225 out of 1747.

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Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How the brain detects short sounds
For humans to understand speech and for other animals to know each other's calls, the brain must distinguish short sounds from longer sounds. By studying frogs, University of Utah researchers figured out how certain brain cells compute the length of sounds and detect short ones.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Mar-2016
American Chemical Society 251st National Meeting & Exposition
Desert cactus purifies contaminated water for aquaculture, drinking and more (video)
Farm-grown fish are an important source of food with significant and worldwide societal and economic benefits, but the fish that come from these recirculating systems can have unpleasant tastes and odors. To clean contaminated water for farmed fish, drinking and other uses, scientists are now turning to an unlikely source -- the mucilage or inner 'guts' of cacti. Researchers will be presenting their latest findings at the 251st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Ecosystems
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery unlikely to recover due to ongoing food shortage
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery will likely never return to its glory days because the lake can no longer support the predatory fish's main food source, the herring-like alewife, according to a new University of Michigan-led computer-modeling study.
US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Journal of Archaeological Science
Satellites and shipwrecks: Landsat satellite spots foundered ships in coastal waters
Using data from the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite, researchers have detected plumes extending as far as 4 kilometers (about 2.5 miles) downstream from shallow shipwreck sites.
NASA, USGS

Contact: Rani Gran
Rani.c.gran@nasa.gov
301-286-2483
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
GSA Bulletin
Evidence in the Cassia Hills of Idaho reveals 12 catastrophic eruptions
Ancient super-eruptions west of Yellowstone, USA, were investigated by an international initiative to examine the frequency of massive volcanic events. Yellowstone famously erupted cataclysmically in recent times, but these were just the latest of a longer succession of huge explosive eruptions that burned a track from Oregon eastward toward Yellowstone during the past 16 million years.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Science
Conservation sea change
Beyond the breakers, the ocean is like the Wild West. While not completely lawless, its vastness and remoteness make it hard to observe and more difficult to manage human activity.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Small brain is good for the immune system -- if you are a fish
Having a small brain may provide immune benefits, at least if you are a guppy. A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society shows that guppies with smaller brains have stronger immune responses than guppies with larger brains.

Contact: Alexander Kotrschal, Department of Zoology, Stockholm Univer
alexander.kotrschal@zoologi.su.se
0046-765-751-661
Stockholm University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Using statistics to predict rogue waves
Scientists have developed a mathematical model to derive the probability of extreme waves. This model uses multi-point statistics, the joint statistics of multiple points in time or space, to predict how likely extreme waves are. The results, published today, Friday, March 11, in the New Journal of Physics, demonstrate that evolution of these probabilities obey a well-known function, greatly reducing the complexity of the results.

Contact: Steve Pritchard
steve.pritchard@iop.org
01-179-301-032
IOP Publishing

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
PLOS ONE
Major source of methanol in the ocean identified
As one of the most abundant organic compounds on the planet, methanol occurs naturally in the environment as plants release it as they grow and decompose. It is also found in the ocean, where it is a welcome food source for ravenous microbes that feast on it for energy and growth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
IEEE Winter Conference on Computer Vision
Disney researchers take depth cameras into the depths for high-accuracy 3-D capture
Disney Research scientists are adapting low-cost depth-sensing cameras for use underwater, with the goal of capturing 3-D models of marine flora and fauna with a high degree of accuracy.

Contact: Jennifer Liu
jennifer.c.liu@disney.com
Disney Research

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
DNA Research
The turbot: The first vertebrate to be sequenced in Spain
The first vertebrate to be genetically sequenced in Spain, the Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), has a much more highly developed sense of sight than other fish, since it has evolved in order to adapt itself to the lack of light on the sea bed. In addition, its genes show us that the levels of fat in its cellular membranes are far higher than in other species, so as to be able to withstand the low water temperatures in its habitat.

Contact: Alda Ólafsson
alda.olafsson@csic.es
34-915-681-499
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Nature Genetics
Spotted Gar genome links humans to vertebrate ancestry
The Spotted Gar is an unusual fish whose genome sequence has been released in a recent study highlighted in Nature Genetics. This fish has surprising genetic similarities and ancestral qualities which are informative about the evolution of many vertebrate animals -- including humans.

Contact: Hayley London
hayley.london@tgac.ac.uk
01-603-450-107
The Genome Analysis Centre

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
BioScience
Overfishing devastates spawning aggregations
Because they are easier to catch and potentially more threatened by nonlethal effects, fish that form spawning aggregations are at particular risk when those aggregations are heavily fished. To address the threat, precautionary management principles that limit or prohibit fishing on spawning aggregations must be implemented.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Earth System Dynamics
Sea-level rise too big to be pumped away
Future sea-level rise is a problem probably too big to be solved even by unprecedented geo-engineering such as pumping water masses onto the Antarctic continent. To store the water for a millennium, it would have to be pumped at least 700 kilometer inland, researchers found. Overall that would require more than one tenth of the present annual global energy supply to balance the current rate of sea-level rise.

Contact: PIK Press Office
press@pik-potsdam.de
49-331-288-2507
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Arctic Science Summit Week 2016
Arctic Science Summit Week press program available
The press program for the 2016 Arctic Science Summit Week is now available online. Press briefings throughout the week will give journalists an opportunity to learn the state of the science, meet experts and ask questions.

Contact: Kristin Timm
kmtimm@alaska.edu
907-474-7064
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
ZooKeys
Zorro, the new Latin American fish species, takes off the mask to show its true identity
Unidentified since its discovery in 2007, a large fish species from Amazonia has failed to give out enough information about itself. Nevertheless, three scientists have now recovered the missing pieces to puzzle out its mysterious identity. In their study, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, they describe the fish as a new species and name it after the fictional secretive Latin American character Zorro.

Contact: Marcelo C. Andrade
andrademarcosta@gmail.com
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Biophysical Journal
UC San Diego biophysicists discover how hydra opens its mouth
A team of biologists and physicists at UC San Diego has uncovered in detail the dynamic process that allows the multi-tentacle Hydra, a tiny freshwater animal distantly related to the sea anemone, to open and close its mouth.

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Why Hurricane Irene fizzled as it neared New Jersey in 2011
A dynamic process that cools the coastal ocean and can weaken hurricanes was discovered as Hurricane Irene made landfall in New Jersey, according to a Rutgers University-led study published today. The study's findings could help reduce the uncertainty in hurricane intensity forecasts for hurricanes and typhoons that cross coastal ocean waters before striking populated shorelines. Hurricane track forecasts have steadily improved over the last two decades, but improvements in hurricane intensity forecasts have lagged.
NOAA, US Environmental Protection Agency, N.J. Department of Environmental Protection, N.J. Board of Public Utilities, Disaster Recovery Act

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Biophysical Journal
Inside the mouth of a hydra
Hydra is a genus of tiny freshwater animals that catch and sting prey using a ring of tentacles. But before a hydra can eat, it has to rip its own skin apart just to open its mouth. Scientists reporting March 8 in Biophysical Journal now illustrate the biomechanics of this process for the first time and find that a hydra's cells stretch to split apart in a dramatic deformation.

Contact: Karen Zusi
kzusi@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Conservation Physiology
Shark babies remain strong in future acidic oceans
An Australian study published today has found that certain baby sharks are able to cope with the level of ocean acidification predicted for the end of this century.

Contact: Alistair Bone
alistair.bone@jcu.edu.au
James Cook University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves.
Hudson River Foundation, National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, City University of New York's High Performance Computing Center

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
PLOS ONE
Fish populations revealed through seawater analysis
A Japanese research group has shown that measuring quantities of fish DNA in seawater can reveal how many fish inhabit that environment. This discovery could enable quicker and more effective surveys of fish distribution, and has potential applications in long-term monitoring. The findings will be published on March 3 in the online science journal PLOS ONE.

Contact: Eleanor Wyllie
intl-relations@office.kobe-u.ac.jp
81-788-035-282
Kobe University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Faults control the amount of water into the Earth during continental breakup
New light has been shed on the processes by which ocean water enters the solid Earth during continental breakup. Research led by geoscientists at the University of Southampton, and published in Nature Geoscience this week, is the first to show a direct link on geological timescales between fault activity and the amount of water entering the Earth's mantle along faults.

Contact: Glenn Harris
g.harris@southampton.ac.uk
44-238-059-3212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Potential Western Atlantic spawning area found for Atlantic bluefin tuna
Scientists from NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) and the University of Massachusetts Boston have found evidence of Atlantic bluefin tuna spawning activity off the northeastern United States in an area of open ocean south of New England and east of the Mid-Atlantic states called the Slope Sea. Prior to this research, the only known spawning grounds for Atlantic bluefin tuna were in the Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean Sea.
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers

Contact: Shelley Dawicki
shelley.dawicki@noaa.gov
508-495-2378
NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shipwrecks, tree rings reveal Caribbean hurricanes in buccaneer era
Records of Spanish shipwrecks combined with tree-ring records show the period 1645 to 1715 had the fewest Caribbean hurricanes since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research. The study is the first to use shipwrecks as a proxy for hurricane activity. The researchers found a 75 percent reduction in the number of Caribbean hurricanes from 1645-1715, a time that had little sunspot activity and cool temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere.
University of Southern Mississippi, National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Agnese N. Haury Visiting Scholar Fellowship

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Showing releases 201-225 out of 1747.

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