Press Releases

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Showing releases 26-50 out of 1747.

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Public Release: 2-May-2016
BioScience
Hydropeaking extirpates river insects
One of hydropower's purported benefits is its ability to use timed water releases to meet peak electrical demand. However, this practice can eliminate populations of insects that lay eggs near the river's edge, with potentially severe effects for ecosystems.

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 2-May-2016
EARTH: Reading the ridges -- Are climate and the seafloor connected?
EARTH Magazine plunges into the depths of the ocean with scientists seeking whether Earth's climate and sea-level history are intrinsically linked with tectonics at mid-ocean ridges.

Contact: Maureen Moses
mmoses@americangeosciences.org
703-379-2480
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Climate Change
How much does groundwater contribute to sea level rise?
Land water, including groundwater extraction, contributes far less to sea level rise than previously thought, according to a new study.

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
leitzell@iiasa.ac.at
43-223-680-7316
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Climate Change
Influence of sea-ice loss on Arctic warming is shaped by temperatures in the Pacific Ocean
The Arctic amplification phenomenon refers to the faster rate of warming in the Arctic compared to places farther south. Arctic amplification has been linked to a spike in the number of persistent cold spells experienced in recent years over Europe and North America.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
d.sandes@exeter.ac.uk
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Apr-2016
Science Advances
Forming fogbows: Study finds limit on evaporation to ice sheets, but that may change
Although the coastal regions of the Greenland Ice Sheet are experiencing rapid melting, a significant portion of the interior of that ice sheet has remained stable -- but a new study suggests that stability may not continue. Researchers found that very little of the snow and ice on the vast interior of the ice sheet is lost to the atmosphere through evaporation because of a strong thermal 'lid' that essentially traps the moisture and returns it to the surface where it refreezes.

Contact: David Noone
dcn@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-3629
Oregon State University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Evidence points to widespread loss of ocean oxygen by 2030s
Climate change has caused a drop in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans in some parts of the world, and those effects should become evident across large parts of the ocean between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study led by researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-7734
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Entomological Society of America releases statement on the dangers of invasive species
The Entomological Society of America has issued a statement about the dangers of invasive species and the potential threats they pose to US national interests by undermining food security, trade agreements, forest health, ecosystem services, environmental quality, and public health and recreation.

Contact: Chris Stelzig
cstelzig@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Annals of Glaciology
Ice loss accelerating in Greenland's coastal glaciers, Dartmouth study finds
Surface meltwater draining through and underneath Greenland's tidewater glaciers is accelerating their loss of ice mass, according to a Dartmouth study that sheds light on the relationship between meltwater and subglacial discharge.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Canadian waters getting safer, but research gaps limit full understanding of shipping risks
The workshop report, 'Commercial Marine Shipping Accidents: Understanding the Risks in Canada,' identifies the risks of commercial marine shipping accidents across Canada's regions and for different cargo types, while highlighting gaps in understanding and areas for further research.

Contact: Samantha Rae Ayoub
samantha.rae@scienceadvice.ca
613-567-5000 x256
Council of Canadian Academies

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Hear no evil: Farmed fish found to be hard of hearing
New research published today in the journal Scientific Reports has revealed for the first time that half of the world's farmed fish have hearing loss due to a deformity of the earbone.

Contact: Nerissa Hannink
nhannink@unimelb.edu.au
61-430-588-055
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Journal of Comparative Neurology
Scientists establish first map of the sea lion brain
Despite considerable evidence for the California sea lion's intelligence, very little is known about how their brain is organized. Now, a team of neuroscientists at Vanderbilt University has taken an important step toward uncovering this mystery by conducting the first comprehensive study of the California sea lion's central nervous system, concentrating on the somatosensory system, which is concerned with conscious perception of touch, pressure, pain, temperature, position and vibration.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Protecting diversity on coral reefs: DNA may hold the key
Research published today by a team of scientists discovered that large areas of intact coral reef with extensive live coral cover, not disturbed by humans or climate change, harbor the greatest amount of genetic diversity. With this work, the researchers uncovered a link between species diversity of an ecosystem and the genetic diversity encoded within the DNA of those species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: M
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Deep-sea biodiversity impacted by climate change's triple threat
A new study found that vulnerability of deep-sea biodiversity to climate change's triple threat -- rising water temperatures, and decreased oxygen, and pH levels -- is not uniform across the world's oceans.

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
New book by ecologist James Estes recounts pioneering research in Alaska
In his new book, 'Serendipity,' marine ecologist James Estes recounts the simple twists of fate that sent him to the Aleutian Islands in 1970 to study the distribution and abundance of sea otters. It was the start of a remarkable journey of discovery that led to profound insights about the complexity of ecological interactions and the importance of predators in natural ecosystems.

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Widespread loss of ocean oxygen to become noticeable in 2030s
A reduction in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans due to climate change is already discernible in some parts of the world and should be evident across large regions of the oceans between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Snider
lsnider@ucar.edu
303-497-8605
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
That's amore, FAU ocean drone first to identify grouper mating calls in spawning season
Just as the sun begins to set, for just a couple of months, hundreds to thousands of groupers gather at their favorite hangouts along the shelf breaks in the southeast United States, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Basin to spawn -- and luckily they're pretty vocal about it, providing vital data on their reproductive behaviors as well as their favorite mating spots.
NOAA, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
ggaloust@fau.edu
561-297-2676
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Coral 'toolkit' allows floating larvae to transform into reef skeletons
In a study published today, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Rutgers University, and the University of Haifa identified key and novel components of the molecular 'toolkit' that allow corals to build their skeletons (called biomineralization) and described when -- in the transformation from floating larvae to coral skeleton -- these components are used.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcie Workman
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Journal of Environmental Quality
Bioreactors ready for the big time
Bioreactors are passive filtration systems that can reduce nitrate losses from farm fields. Most bioreactors are simple pits filled with wood chips; bacteria on the wood chips remove 25 to 45 percent of the nitrate in runoff water. Research summarized in a special issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality highlights their potential applications and provides insight into design options.

Contact: Lauren Quinn
ldquinn@illinois.edu
217-300-2435
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
We share a molecular armor with coral reefs
A new study published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B has found that one particular molecule found in reef ecosystems plays a similar immunological role in corals as it does in humans. From an evolutionary standpoint, this suggests the molecule's immune function dates back at least 550 million years.
National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education, National Science Foundation Dimensions, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Cystic Fibrosis Research Inc

Contact: Michael Price
mprice@mail.sdsu.edu
619-594-0389
San Diego State University

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
mSystems
Proteomics method measures carbon uptake of marine microbes
In a paper published April 26 in mSystems, a team of researchers led by microbiologists at Oregon State University, in Corvallis, describe a successful trial of a new method of identifying the carbon uptake of specific marine bacterioplankton taxa. The technique uses proteomics -- the large-scale study of proteins -- to observe directly the metabolic processes of communities of microorganisms.

Contact: Aleea Khan
communications@asmusa.org
202-942-9365
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Patterns of glowing sharks get clearer with depth
A team of researchers has found that catsharks are not only able to see the bright green biofluorescence they produce, but that they increase contrast of their glowing pattern when deep underwater. The study, conducted with a custom-built 'shark-eye' camera that simulates how the shark sees underwater, shows that fluorescence makes catsharks more visible to neighbors of the same species at the depths that they live and may aid in communication between one another.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, and The Dalio Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Geoscience
Researchers discover fate of melting glacial ice in Greenland
A team of researchers led by faculty at the University of Georgia has discovered the fate of much of the freshwater that pours into the surrounding oceans as the Greenland ice sheet melts every summer. They published their findings today in the journal Nature Geoscience.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
schupska@uga.edu
706-542-6927
University of Georgia

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
NASA sees wind shear end Tropical Cyclone Amos
On Sunday, April 24, 2016 Tropical Cyclone Amos ran into increasing wind shear that tore the storm apart. A composite satellite image from two satellites showed waning precipitation and lack of thunderstorm development from wind shear.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Ecology and Evolution
Do fish survive in streams in winter?
Most stream-resident fish stay throughout winter despite the ice. This has been shown by Christine Weber, previous researcher at Umeå University, by tagging trout and sculpins with transponders to follow fish migration. Fish's general state of health is the single most important factor for surviving winter. The findings have been published in the journal Ecology and Evolution.

Contact: Ingrid Söderbergh
ingrid.soderbergh@umu.se
46-706-040-334
Umea University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Microbiology
Algae disrupt coral reefs' recycling
A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University and published today in the journal Nature Microbiology explores how a process known as 'microbialization' destroys links in coral reefs' delicate food chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Price
mprice@mail.sdsu.edu
619-594-0389
San Diego State University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 1747.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>