Press Releases

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Showing releases 251-275 out of 1740.

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Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
New research helps solve the riddle of the ocean carbon conundrum
Initially, the fact that the oceans are absorbing a significant amount of the carbon dioxide we pump into the atmosphere by burning biomass and fossil fuels would appear to be a good thing. However, as more carbon dioxide dissolves into the oceans, it changes the pH of the seawater (a process called ocean acidification), making it difficult for some marine life to survive.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
d.sandes@exeter.ac.uk
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
New theory of deep-ocean sound waves may aid tsunami detection
Researchers at MIT have now identified a less dramatic though far more pervasive source of acoustic-gravity waves: surface ocean waves, such as those that can be seen from a beach or the deck of a boat. These waves, known as surface-gravity waves, do not travel nearly as fast, far, or deep as acoustic-gravity waves, yet under the right conditions, they can generate the powerful, fast-moving, and low-frequency sound waves.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
First evidence that constant stress causes organisms to program changes in offspring
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have now provided the first evidence that stable environments like constant predator threats, not unstable conditions, generate the non-genetic behavioral changes known as 'transgenerational response' in the next generation.
University of Texas at Arlington Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
ICES Journal of Marine Science
ICES Journal of Marine Science publishes special issue on ocean acidification
Today, the ICES Journal of Marine Science publishes a special issue on ocean acidification, the most-studied single topic in marine science.

Contact: Chloe Foster
chloe.foster@oup.com
01-865-353-584
Oxford University Press

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology
The sponges strike back
Russian biologists studied how the separated sells of marine sponges reconnect. The reaggregation of marine sponges' cells helped the scientists to come closer to understanding of the origin and early evolution of multicellular animals. The work was published in Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology.

Contact: Vladimir Koryagin
science-release@rector.msu.ru
Lomonosov Moscow State University

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Marine Resource Economics
Survey: Americans would pay more to support biodiversity
Most Americans are willing to pay more taxes each year -- in some cases, as much as $35 to $100 more -- to support biodiversity conservation in the Gulf of Mexico, according to a national survey. Respondents' willingness to help support the proposed expansion of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary near the Texas-Louisiana border reflects growing national awareness of the Gulf's ecological importance and the threats it increasingly faces.
Tulane University

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Plankton feces could move plastic pollution to the ocean depths
Plastic waste could find its way deep into the ocean through the feces of plankton, new research from the University of Exeter and Plymouth Marine Laboratory shows.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Kerra Maddern
k.l.maddern@exeter.ac.uk
44-139-272-2062
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
ZooKeys
Undergraduate student takes to Twitter to expose illegal release of alien fish in Japan
Posing a significant threat to the native biodiversity in Japan, specifically that of threatened aquatic insects, some alien fishes, such as the bluegill, have become the reason for strict prohibitions. However, recently, 10 years after the law against their release into the wild has been adopted, its first infringement is reported by Japanese researchers in the open-access journal ZooKeys. Curiously, the case was initially exposed on Twitter by an undergraduate student.

Contact: Yusuke Miyazaki
miyazaki@nh.kanagawa-museum.jp
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
American Naturalist
Invasive water frogs too dominant for native species
In the past two decades, water frogs have spread rapidly in Central Europe. Using a new statistical model, researchers from the University of Basel were now able to show that local species such as the Yellow-bellied Toad and the Common Midwife Toad are suffering from the more dominant water frogs. The journal American Naturalist has published their results.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
olivia.poisson@unibas.ch
University of Basel

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Journal of Aquatic Biology
Scientists used high tech ultrasound imaging to study tiger shark reproduction
Researchers from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and the University of New England used the same ultrasound imaging technology used by medical professionals on pregnant women to study the reproductive biology of female tiger sharks. The study offers marine biologists a new technique to investigate the reproductive organs and determine the presence of embryos in sharks without having to sacrifice the animal first, which was commonly done in the past.

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
Fishing meets science with waders and smartphones
Dutch and American researchers have developed waders equipped with temperature sensors that enable fly-fishers to find the best fishing locations while collecting data to help scientists study streams. The research is published Feb. 29 in Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, an open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union.

Contact: Barbara Ferreira
media@egu.eu
49-892-180-6703
European Geosciences Union

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Watching new species evolve in real time
Sometimes evolution proceeds much more rapidly than we might think. Genetic analysis makes it possible to detect the earliest stages of species formation. For example, a study just published in PLOS Genetics by researchers from Eawag and the University of Bern, investigating rapid speciation in threespine stickleback in and around Lake Constance, shows that a species can begin to diverge very rapidly, even when the two daughter species breed alongside one another simultaneously.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Yau
ayau@plos.org
44-122-344-2823
PLOS

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Biophysical Society 60th Annual Meeting
Unlocking the secrets of squid sucker ring teeth
A squid has more in common with a spider than you may think. The razor-sharp 'teeth' that ring the suckers found on some squid tentacles are made up entirely of proteins remarkably similar -- and in some ways superior -- to the ones found in silks. Those proteins, called suckerins, give the teeth their strength and stretchiness, and could one day be used as the basis for biomaterials with many potential biomedical applications.

Contact: AIP Media Line
media@aip.org
301-209-3090
Biophysical Society

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Fisheries Management and Ecology
On the hook: Sustainable fishing in Papua New Guinea
A multi-disciplinary team from James Cook University has been busy unlocking the secrets of the Papuan black bass, one of the world's toughest sportfish.

Contact: Alistair Bone
alistair.bone@jcu.edu.au
James Cook University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Global alliance for rethinking aquaculture in developing economies of the Indian Ocean
The innovationXchange in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is launching a global alliance, in partnership with Conservation X Labs, SecondMuse, NineSigma, and the World Wildlife Fund, to source new solutions and engage new solvers to rethink the future of aquaculture particularly around three areas:  Rethinking feeds used in aquaculture; Redesigning aquaculture systems; and Creating new ocean products, to improve both food security and enhance sustainability.

Contact: Barbara Martinez
barbara@conservationxlabs.org
Conservation X Labs

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Polar priorities: Senior defense officials discuss Arctic, Antarctic science and research
To address the need for collaborative research in the Polar Regions, Chief of Naval Research Rear Adm. Mat Winter met in Finland last week with counterparts from five nations in a first-ever gathering of senior defense officials to coordinate science and technology research in high latitudes.

Contact: Bob Freeman
onrpublicaffairs@navy.mil
703-696-5031
Office of Naval Research

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Yalo coming to a quick end
Tropical Cyclone Yalo formed yesterday and is expected to come to an end today, Feb. 26. NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the young storm that showed strong wind shear was already tearing the storm apart.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
PLOS ONE
Research team sheds light on 'rightie' or 'leftie' behavior in a scale-eating cichlid
Nagoya University-based scientists demonstrate the development of behavioral laterality (left-/right-handedness) in a scale-eating cichlid from Africa's Lake Tanganyika, Perissodus microlepis.

Contact: Koomi Sung
press@aip.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Nagoya University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Geology
How to make a tiny volcanic island
On Nov. 20 2013, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force discovered a small islet near Nishinoshima volcano, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The exact date of the initial eruption that spawned the islet is unknown, but a thermal anomaly was detected in the area in early November 2013. Fukashi Maeno and colleagues are investigating the creation of this islet, which on the day of its discovery was about 150 by 80 meters in size.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Shark research produces the unexpected
In a surprise result, James Cook University scientists have found female blacktip reef sharks and their young stay close to shore over long time periods, with adult males only appearing during the breeding season.

Contact: Alistair Bone
alistair.bone@jcu.edu.au
James Cook University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Science
Mountaintop mining, crop irrigation can damage water biodiversity, Virginia Tech researcher says
An international, multi-institutional team of researchers that includes a Virginia Tech graduate student recommends ways that humans can protect freshwater from salts in an article Friday (Feb. 26) in the journal Science.
US Department of Interior/Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

Contact: Lindsay Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
NASA sees Winston winding down near Norfolk Island
The once Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Winston was winding down when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over it early on Feb. 25 is it continued weakening in the South Pacific. Now sub-tropical, Winston was threatening Australia's Norfolk Island with tropical-storm-force winds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
NASA's Aqua satellite catches the birth of Tropical Cyclone Yalo
The fourteenth tropical cyclone in the Southern Pacific Ocean developed as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead. The AIRS instrument aboard Aqua captured infrared, near-visible and microwave data on Tropical Cyclone Yalo early on Feb. 25.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Oecologia
Herring fishery's strength is in the sum of its parts, study finds
Just like a strong financial portfolio contains shares from different companies, the diverse subpopulations of herring from different bays and beaches around Puget Sound collectively keep the total population more stable, a new study finds.

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Nature
Study: Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
An international team of scientists from the Carnegie Institution for Science, Rice University and other institutions has performed the first experiment to manipulate seawater chemistry in a natural coral-reef community to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs.
Carnegie Institution for Science, Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1740.

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