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Showing releases 251-275 out of 1280.

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Public Release: 15-May-2014
Geological Society of America Bulletin
On the shoulder of a giant: Precursor volcano to the island of O'ahu discovered
Researchers recently discovered that O'ahu, Hawai'i, actually consists of three major Hawaiian shield volcanoes, not two, as previously thought. Extending almost 100 km WNW from the western tip of the island of O'ahu is the submarine Ka'ena Ridge, a region that has now been recognized to represent a precursor volcano to the island of O'ahu, and on whose flanks the Wai'anae and Ko'olau Volcanoes later formed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The color of blood: Pigment helps stage symbiosis in squid
The relationship between the Hawaiian bobtail squid and the bacterium Vibrio fischeri is well chronicled, but writing in the current issue of the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, a group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison microbiologists Margaret McFall-Ngai, Edward Ruby and their colleagues adds a new wrinkle to the story.
Marie Curie Actions, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Margaret McFall-Ngai
mjmcfallngai@wisc.edu
608-262-2393
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Journal of African Earth Sciences
Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 million years ago
New research at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, is the first to tie the stable carbon isotope record of Africa's South Atlantic coast to global records. This record clarifies the age of rocks at Bentiaba, Angola. The work provides a 71.5 million year age for the richest marine reptile fossil bed along the South Atlantic. The new record of time represents nearly 30 million years of Cretaceous fossils and environments in the ancient South Atlantic Ocean.
National Geographic Society, Petroleum Research Fund

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Learning from sharks
Genetically engineered antibodies are deployed successfully in cancer diagnostics and therapy. Therapeutic antibodies against Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis are currently under development. An important criterion when designing suitable antibody fragments is their stability. Comparing the antibodies of sharks with those of humans, a team of researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen and the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen discovered stabilizing mechanisms that can also be applied to optimize custom-tailored antibodies for medical applications.
German Research Foundation, European Molecular Biology Organization, Swedish Research Council, National Institute of Health, German National Academic Foundation

Contact: Dr. Andreas Battenberg
battenberg@zv.tum.de
49-892-891-0510
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Marine scientists use JeDI to create world's first global jellyfish database
An international study, led by the University of Southampton, has led to the creation of the world's first global database of jellyfish records to map jellyfish populations in the oceans.

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Science
West Antarctic Ice Sheet collapse is under way
Models using detailed topographic maps show that the collapse of the West Antarctic ice sheet has begun. Fast-moving Thwaites Glacier, which acts as a linchpin on the rest of the ice sheet, will likely disappear in a matter of centuries.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Current Biology
How octopuses don't tie themselves in knots
An octopus's arms are covered in hundreds of suckers that will stick to just about anything, with one important exception. Those suckers generally won't grab onto the octopus itself; otherwise, the impressively flexible animals would quickly find themselves all tangled up.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists test hearing in Bristol Bay beluga whale population
How well do marine mammals hear in the wild? WHOI biologist Aran Mooney and his colleagues are the first to publish a study of hearing in a population of wild marine mammals.
Office of Naval Research

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Ecology
Turtle migration directly influenced by ocean drift experiences as hatchlings
New research has found that adult sea-turtle migrations and their selection of feeding sites are directly influenced by their past experiences as little hatchlings adrift in ocean currents.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Research reveals New Zealand sea lion is a relative newcomer
The modern New Zealand sea lion is a relative newcomer to our mainland, replacing a now-extinct, unique prehistoric New Zealand sea-lion that once lived here, according to a new study.
Marsden Fund

Contact: Dr. Catherine Collins
catherine.collins01@gmail.com
University of Otago

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists investigate the role of the 'silent killer' inside deep-diving animals
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and Sonoma State University have furthered science's understanding of carbon monoxide's natural characteristics and limitations by studying the gas in one of the world's best divers: the elephant seal.
Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-May-2014
ZooKeys
Extinct relative helps to reclassify the world's remaining 2 species of monk seal
The recently extinct Caribbean monk seal was one of three species of monk seal in the world. Its relationship to the Mediterranean and Hawaiian monk seals, both living but endangered, has never been fully understood. Through DNA analysis and skull comparisons Smithsonian scientists and colleagues have now clarified the Caribbean species' place on the seal family tree and created a completely new genus. The team's findings are published in the scientific journal ZooKeys.

Contact: John Gibbons
gibbonsjp@si.edu
202-633-5187
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 13-May-2014
PLOS ONE
Tiny, tenacious and tentatively toxic
Sometimes we think we know everything about something only to find out we really don't, said a Texas A&M University scientist.

Contact: Steve Byrns
s-byrns@tamu.edu
325-653-4576 x215
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 13-May-2014
PLOS ONE
Smithsonian scientists link unusual fish larva to new species of sea bass from Curacao
Identifying larval stages of marine fishes in the open ocean is difficult because the young fishes often bear little or no resemblance to the adults they will become. Confronted with a perplexing fish larva collected in the Florida Straits, Smithsonian scientists turned to DNA barcoding, which yielded an unexpected discovery -- a match between the mysterious fish larva and adults of a new species of sea bass discovered off the coast of Curacao.

Contact: John Gibbons
gibbonsjp@si.edu
202-633-5187
Smithsonian

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Nature Communications
Coral reefs are critical for risk reduction & adaptation
Stronger storms, rising seas, and flooding are placing hundreds of millions people at risk around the world, and big part of the solution to decrease those risks is just off shore. A new study finds that coral reefs reduce the wave energy that would otherwise impact coastlines by 97 percent.
US Geological Survey, Nature Conservancy, Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Leslie Gordon
lgordon@usgs.gov
650-329-4006
United States Geological Survey

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
A tiny, toothy catfish with bulldog snout defies classification
Kryptoglanis shajii is a strange fish -- and the closer scientists look, the stranger it gets. This small subterranean catfish sees the light of day and human observers only rarely, when it turns up in springs, wells and flooded rice paddies. Drexel scientists have recently provided a detailed description of this fish's bizarre bone structures.

Contact: Rachel Ewing
raewing@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Follow that fish!
Research is helping unravel the complex interplay between alcohol and social behavior. In what may be the first experiment to allow ethanol-exposed and untreated zebrafish to swim freely together, those exposed to certain alcohol concentrations nearly doubled their swimming speeds when in a group--suggesting that the presence of peers substantially impacts social behavior. Most remarkably, unexposed fish modulated their behavior in the presence of a shoalmate exposed to alcohol.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Nature Communications
Concerns raised over EU ban on ditching unwanted fish
New rules banning fishermen from throwing away unwanted fish they have caught could harm wildlife -- and fail to improve fish stocks, a University of Strathclyde report has found.

Contact: Lachlan Mackinnon
corporatecomms@strath.ac.uk
44-014-154-84373
University of Strathclyde

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Physics of Fluids
The physics of ocean undertow
Large storms produce strong undertows that can strip beaches of sand. By predicting how undertows interact with shorelines, researchers can build sand dunes and engineer other soft solutions to create more robust and sustainable beaches. New research presented in Physics of Fluids clears up some of the controversy in undertow modeling, so planners can assess erosion threats faster and more accurately.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
West Antarctic glacier loss appears unstoppable, UCI-NASA study finds
A rapidly melting section of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet appears to be in irreversible decline, with nothing to stop the entire glacial basin from disappearing into the sea, according to researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA.

Contact: Janet Wilson
janet.wilson@uci.edu
949-824-3969
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Geoscience
UGA research examines fate of methane following the Deepwater Horizon spill
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500,000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days. In the face of a seemingly insurmountable cleanup effort, many were relieved by reports following the disaster that naturally-occurring microbes had consumed much of the gas and oil.
NOAA, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Samantha Joye
mjoye@uga.edu
706-542-6818
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Climate Change
Ocean winds keep Antarctica cold, Australia dry
New Australian-led research has explained why Antarctica is not warming as much as other continents, and why southern Australia is recording more droughts.

Contact: Nerilie Abram
nerilie.abram@anu.edu.au
61-261-251-978
Australian National University

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Geoscience
Hydrologists find Mississippi River network's buffering system for nitrates is overwhelmed
A new method of measuring surface water-ground water interaction along the length of the Mississippi River suggests the nitrates causing the Gulf of Mexico dead zone can not be controlled through existing natural filtration systems. The research provides valuable information for water quality efforts, including tracking of nitrogen fertilizers that flow through the river network into the gulf.
National Science Foundation

Contact: J.B. Bird
jbird@austin.utexas.edu
512-750-3512
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 9-May-2014
NASA sees system 90E just after earthquake hit Mexico's Guerrero State
NASA's Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of the low pressure area just three hours after the earthquake.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Nature Communications
Back to the future to determine if sea level rise is accelerating
Scientists have developed a new method for revealing how sea levels might rise around the world throughout the 21st century to address the controversial topic of whether the rate of sea level rise is currently increasing.
Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1280.

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