Press Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1737.

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Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Watching new species evolve in real time
Sometimes evolution proceeds much more rapidly than we might think. Genetic analysis makes it possible to detect the earliest stages of species formation. For example, a study just published in PLOS Genetics by researchers from Eawag and the University of Bern, investigating rapid speciation in threespine stickleback in and around Lake Constance, shows that a species can begin to diverge very rapidly, even when the two daughter species breed alongside one another simultaneously.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Yau
ayau@plos.org
44-122-344-2823
PLOS

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Biophysical Society 60th Annual Meeting
Unlocking the secrets of squid sucker ring teeth
A squid has more in common with a spider than you may think. The razor-sharp 'teeth' that ring the suckers found on some squid tentacles are made up entirely of proteins remarkably similar -- and in some ways superior -- to the ones found in silks. Those proteins, called suckerins, give the teeth their strength and stretchiness, and could one day be used as the basis for biomaterials with many potential biomedical applications.

Contact: AIP Media Line
media@aip.org
301-209-3090
Biophysical Society

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Fisheries Management and Ecology
On the hook: Sustainable fishing in Papua New Guinea
A multi-disciplinary team from James Cook University has been busy unlocking the secrets of the Papuan black bass, one of the world's toughest sportfish.

Contact: Alistair Bone
alistair.bone@jcu.edu.au
James Cook University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Global alliance for rethinking aquaculture in developing economies of the Indian Ocean
The innovationXchange in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is launching a global alliance, in partnership with Conservation X Labs, SecondMuse, NineSigma, and the World Wildlife Fund, to source new solutions and engage new solvers to rethink the future of aquaculture particularly around three areas:  Rethinking feeds used in aquaculture; Redesigning aquaculture systems; and Creating new ocean products, to improve both food security and enhance sustainability.

Contact: Barbara Martinez
barbara@conservationxlabs.org
Conservation X Labs

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Polar priorities: Senior defense officials discuss Arctic, Antarctic science and research
To address the need for collaborative research in the Polar Regions, Chief of Naval Research Rear Adm. Mat Winter met in Finland last week with counterparts from five nations in a first-ever gathering of senior defense officials to coordinate science and technology research in high latitudes.

Contact: Bob Freeman
onrpublicaffairs@navy.mil
703-696-5031
Office of Naval Research

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Yalo coming to a quick end
Tropical Cyclone Yalo formed yesterday and is expected to come to an end today, Feb. 26. NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the young storm that showed strong wind shear was already tearing the storm apart.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
PLOS ONE
Research team sheds light on 'rightie' or 'leftie' behavior in a scale-eating cichlid
Nagoya University-based scientists demonstrate the development of behavioral laterality (left-/right-handedness) in a scale-eating cichlid from Africa's Lake Tanganyika, Perissodus microlepis.

Contact: Koomi Sung
press@aip.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Nagoya University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Geology
How to make a tiny volcanic island
On Nov. 20 2013, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force discovered a small islet near Nishinoshima volcano, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The exact date of the initial eruption that spawned the islet is unknown, but a thermal anomaly was detected in the area in early November 2013. Fukashi Maeno and colleagues are investigating the creation of this islet, which on the day of its discovery was about 150 by 80 meters in size.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Shark research produces the unexpected
In a surprise result, James Cook University scientists have found female blacktip reef sharks and their young stay close to shore over long time periods, with adult males only appearing during the breeding season.

Contact: Alistair Bone
alistair.bone@jcu.edu.au
James Cook University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Science
Mountaintop mining, crop irrigation can damage water biodiversity, Virginia Tech researcher says
An international, multi-institutional team of researchers that includes a Virginia Tech graduate student recommends ways that humans can protect freshwater from salts in an article Friday (Feb. 26) in the journal Science.
US Department of Interior/Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement

Contact: Lindsay Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
NASA sees Winston winding down near Norfolk Island
The once Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Winston was winding down when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over it early on Feb. 25 is it continued weakening in the South Pacific. Now sub-tropical, Winston was threatening Australia's Norfolk Island with tropical-storm-force winds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
NASA's Aqua satellite catches the birth of Tropical Cyclone Yalo
The fourteenth tropical cyclone in the Southern Pacific Ocean developed as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead. The AIRS instrument aboard Aqua captured infrared, near-visible and microwave data on Tropical Cyclone Yalo early on Feb. 25.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Oecologia
Herring fishery's strength is in the sum of its parts, study finds
Just like a strong financial portfolio contains shares from different companies, the diverse subpopulations of herring from different bays and beaches around Puget Sound collectively keep the total population more stable, a new study finds.

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Nature
Study: Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
An international team of scientists from the Carnegie Institution for Science, Rice University and other institutions has performed the first experiment to manipulate seawater chemistry in a natural coral-reef community to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs.
Carnegie Institution for Science, Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
New prediction tool gives warning of rogue waves
A prediction tool developed by MIT engineers may give sailors a 2-3 minute warning of an incoming rogue wave, providing them with enough time to shut down essential operations on a ship or offshore platform. The tool, in the form of an algorithm, sifts through data from surrounding waves to spot clusters of waves that may develop into a rogue wave.
Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, American Bureau of Shipping

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Current Biology
What twisting snails can tell us about animals' intriguing asymmetries
While people and many animals might look pretty symmetrical on the outside, inside our bodies we are all fundamentally asymmetric. Snails are similarly asymmetric in their appearance. Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Feb. 25 have an idea how it works. And it turns out that the gene responsible for the variably asymmetrical bodies of some snail species also plays a role in defining the internal asymmetries in frogs.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
This week from AGU: Dubai, 'Blue Marble', #OSM16 press conferences & Arctic monitoring
Norman Kuring created the 2012 'Blue Marble' image, an incredibly detailed, true-color image of Earth that's featured in a new series of US Postal Service space-themed stamps. Here, he describes the creation of this composite image taken with a number of swaths of the Earth's surface on Jan. 4, 2012.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
lhwang@agu.org
202-777-7318
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
NASA sees strong vertical wind shear battering a weaker winston
Tropical Cyclone Winston has moved into an area with strong vertical wind shear in the Southern Pacific Ocean. The wind shear is battering the storm and has weakened it significantly. NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Winston and infrared data showed that the northerly wind shear had pushed the bulk of strongest storms to the south of the center.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
What makes penguin feathers ice-proof
Humboldt penguins live in places that dip below freezing in the winter, and despite getting wet, their feathers stay sleek and free of ice. Scientists have now figured out what could make that possible. They report in ACS' Journal of Physical Chemistry C that the key is in the microstructure of penguins' feathers. Based on their findings, the scientists replicated the architecture in a nanofiber membrane that could be developed into an ice-proof material.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Study predicts salt marshes will persist despite rising seas
Analysis shows traditional assessment methods overestimate salt-marsh vulnerability because they don't fully account for processes that allow for vertical and landward migration as water levels increase.
US Geological Survey Climate and Land Use Change Research and Development Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
davem@vims.edu
804-684-7011
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Freshwater biodiversity has positive impact on global food security
Inland freshwaters with a greater variety of fish species (biodiversity) have higher-yielding and less variable fisheries according to a new study from the University of Southampton and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, International Union for Conservation of Nature

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Innovative device traces chemicals affecting human and environmental health
In a new study, a multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional team of researchers headed by Rolf Halden, director of the Center for Environmental Security at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, tracks the course of a family of widely used pesticides known as fiproles. These halogenated chemicals have been identified as an emerging contaminant, recently linked to the worldwide die-off of pollinating insects, particularly honeybees.

Contact: Richard Harth
RICHARD.HARTH@ASU.EDU
Arizona State University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature
Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth. In the first experiment to manipulate the chemistry of seawater in the ocean, researchers brought the pH of a reef on the Great Barrier Reef Island closer to what it would have been in pre-industrial times. The team included Ph.D. candidate at the University of Sydney Kennedy Woolfe and leading climate scientist Ken Caldeira.

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
vivienne.reiner@sydney.edu.au
61-293-512-390
University of Sydney

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Nature
New climate model better predicts changes to ocean-carbon sink
The relationship between our future carbon dioxide emissions and future climate change depends strongly on the capacity of the ocean-carbon sink. That is a question climate scientists have so far been unable to answer. In a new paper, a research team headed by Galen McKinley, professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, describes the best modeling approach to date for arriving at an answer to this and other crucial climate questions.
NASA, National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Galen McKinley
gamckinley@wisc.edu
608-262-4817
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Nature
Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth.

Contact: Ken Caldeira
kcaldeira@carnegiescience.edu
650-704-7212
Carnegie Institution for Science

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1737.

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