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Showing releases 276-300 out of 1285.

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Public Release: 13-May-2014
Tiny, tenacious and tentatively toxic
Sometimes we think we know everything about something only to find out we really don't, said a Texas A&M University scientist.

Contact: Steve Byrns
325-653-4576 x215
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Smithsonian scientists link unusual fish larva to new species of sea bass from Curacao
Identifying larval stages of marine fishes in the open ocean is difficult because the young fishes often bear little or no resemblance to the adults they will become. Confronted with a perplexing fish larva collected in the Florida Straits, Smithsonian scientists turned to DNA barcoding, which yielded an unexpected discovery -- a match between the mysterious fish larva and adults of a new species of sea bass discovered off the coast of Curacao.

Contact: John Gibbons

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Nature Communications
Coral reefs are critical for risk reduction & adaptation
Stronger storms, rising seas, and flooding are placing hundreds of millions people at risk around the world, and big part of the solution to decrease those risks is just off shore. A new study finds that coral reefs reduce the wave energy that would otherwise impact coastlines by 97 percent.
US Geological Survey, Nature Conservancy, Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Leslie Gordon
United States Geological Survey

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
A tiny, toothy catfish with bulldog snout defies classification
Kryptoglanis shajii is a strange fish -- and the closer scientists look, the stranger it gets. This small subterranean catfish sees the light of day and human observers only rarely, when it turns up in springs, wells and flooded rice paddies. Drexel scientists have recently provided a detailed description of this fish's bizarre bone structures.

Contact: Rachel Ewing
Drexel University

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Follow that fish!
Research is helping unravel the complex interplay between alcohol and social behavior. In what may be the first experiment to allow ethanol-exposed and untreated zebrafish to swim freely together, those exposed to certain alcohol concentrations nearly doubled their swimming speeds when in a group--suggesting that the presence of peers substantially impacts social behavior. Most remarkably, unexposed fish modulated their behavior in the presence of a shoalmate exposed to alcohol.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Nature Communications
Concerns raised over EU ban on ditching unwanted fish
New rules banning fishermen from throwing away unwanted fish they have caught could harm wildlife -- and fail to improve fish stocks, a University of Strathclyde report has found.

Contact: Lachlan Mackinnon
University of Strathclyde

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Physics of Fluids
The physics of ocean undertow
Large storms produce strong undertows that can strip beaches of sand. By predicting how undertows interact with shorelines, researchers can build sand dunes and engineer other soft solutions to create more robust and sustainable beaches. New research presented in Physics of Fluids clears up some of the controversy in undertow modeling, so planners can assess erosion threats faster and more accurately.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
West Antarctic glacier loss appears unstoppable, UCI-NASA study finds
A rapidly melting section of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet appears to be in irreversible decline, with nothing to stop the entire glacial basin from disappearing into the sea, according to researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA.

Contact: Janet Wilson
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Geoscience
UGA research examines fate of methane following the Deepwater Horizon spill
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500,000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days. In the face of a seemingly insurmountable cleanup effort, many were relieved by reports following the disaster that naturally-occurring microbes had consumed much of the gas and oil.
NOAA, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Samantha Joye
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Climate Change
Ocean winds keep Antarctica cold, Australia dry
New Australian-led research has explained why Antarctica is not warming as much as other continents, and why southern Australia is recording more droughts.

Contact: Nerilie Abram
Australian National University

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Geoscience
Hydrologists find Mississippi River network's buffering system for nitrates is overwhelmed
A new method of measuring surface water-ground water interaction along the length of the Mississippi River suggests the nitrates causing the Gulf of Mexico dead zone can not be controlled through existing natural filtration systems. The research provides valuable information for water quality efforts, including tracking of nitrogen fertilizers that flow through the river network into the gulf.
National Science Foundation

Contact: J.B. Bird
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 9-May-2014
NASA sees system 90E just after earthquake hit Mexico's Guerrero State
NASA's Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of the low pressure area just three hours after the earthquake.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Nature Communications
Back to the future to determine if sea level rise is accelerating
Scientists have developed a new method for revealing how sea levels might rise around the world throughout the 21st century to address the controversial topic of whether the rate of sea level rise is currently increasing.
Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Ecology Letters
Role of middle predators in reef systems
New marine science research shows that the behavior of the 'middle child' in the predator-prey food chain plays a strong role in deter­mining how the reef as a whole will fare. Northeastern research with oyster reefs complicates the evolution of a long-held ecology paradigm.

Contact: Casey Bayer
Northeastern University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
NASA sees system 90E moving toward southwestern Mexico
A tropical low pressure area known as System 90E is located a couple of hundred miles southwest of Zihuatenejo, Mexico, today and was seen by NASA's Terra satellite on its way to a landfall.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-May-2014
NASA sees system 91B lingering over southwestern India
The tropical low pressure area known as System 91B has been making a slow northerly crawl while sitting inland in southwestern India.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Environmental Science and Technology
Pesticides: Research provides new insights into their effects on shrimps and snails
Ground breaking research by an international team of scientists has resulted in greater understanding of the effects of pesticides on aquatic invertebrates such as shrimps and snails.
European Union 7th Framework Programme

Contact: Caron Lett
University of York

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Molecular Ecology Resources
Using genetics to measure the environmental impact of salmon farming
Determining species diversity makes it possible to estimate the impact of human activity on marine ecosystems accurately. The environmental effects of salmon farming have been assessed, until now, by visually identifying the animals living in the marine sediment samples collected at specific distances from farming sites. A team led by Jan Pawlowski, professor at the Faculty of Science of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, analyzed this type of sediment using a technique known as 'DNA barcoding' that targets certain micro-organisms.

Contact: Jan Pawlowski
Université de Genève

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Current Biology
What vigilant squid can teach us about the purpose of pain
Most of us have probably felt that lasting sense of anxiety or even pain after enduring some kind of accident or injury. Now, researchers have the first evidence in any animal that there may be a very good reason for that kind of heightened sensitivity. Squid that behave with extra vigilance after experiencing even a minor injury are more likely to live to see another day, according to a report appearing in Current Biology.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Marine Pollution Bulletin
First-ever study describes deep-sea animal communities around a sunken shipping container
Thousands of shipping containers are lost from cargo vessels each year. In 2004, scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) discovered a lost shipping container almost 1,300 meters below the surface of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. In the first-ever survey of its kind, researchers from MBARI and the sanctuary recently described how deep-sea animal communities on and around the container differed from those in surrounding areas.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 7-May-2014
NASA watching year's first tropical low headed for southwestern Mexico
There's a tropical low pressure area in the Eastern Pacific Ocean today, about 8 days before the official Eastern Pacific hurricane season begins.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-May-2014
New sensor array to monitor changing Gulf of Maine conditions and New England red tide
Scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are kicking off an innovative NOAA-funded pilot program using robotic instruments and computer modeling analysis to shed light on changing ocean conditions in the Gulf of Maine as they relate to the harmful algal bloom phenomenon commonly known as the New England red tide.
NOAA, National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sea Grant Program, Tom and Robin Wheeler

Contact: Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Global Change Biology
Phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass will decrease 6 percent and 11 percent due to climate change
It is estimated that ocean temperature warming will cause phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass to decrease by 6 percent and 11 percent respectively by the end of the century. A lower amount of these two main elements in the marine food web could reduce fish biomass in certain regions. These are some of the main conclusions drawn by research led by Azti-Tecnalia within the European MEECE project and recently published in the prestigious Global Change Biology Journal.

Contact: Irati Kortabitarte
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 7-May-2014
NASA sees system 91B making landfall in southwestern India
A tropical low was affecting southern India and Sri Lanka on May 6 at 0809 UTC when the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite called TRMM flew above it.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Native algae species to blame for 'rock snot' blooms in rivers worldwide
The recent blooms of the freshwater algae known as 'rock snot' on river bottoms worldwide are caused by a native species responding to changing environmental conditions rather than by accidental introductions by fishermen or the emergence of a new genetic strain as widely believed, a Dartmouth College-led study suggests.

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1285.

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