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Showing releases 276-300 out of 1322.

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Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature
What set the Earth's plates in motion?
Professor Patrice Rey, from the University of Sydney's School of Geoscience, and his colleagues have a new explanation for the origin of plate tectonics.

Contact: Verity Leatherdale
verity.leatherdale@sydney.edu.au
61-042-529-6802
University of Sydney

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Nemo's epic journey to find a new home
New research has found clownfish larvae can swim up to 400 kilometres in search of a home, which makes them better able to cope with environmental change. It's the furthest distance they've been able to track the dispersal of any coral reef fish and the findings show how connected the marine environment can be.
Natural Environment Research Council, Royal Society, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Études, Davis Trust, University of Edinburgh Development Trust, Carnegie Trust, BS-AC Jubilee Trust, Weir Trust

Contact: Hugo Harrison
hugo.harrison@my.jcu.edu.au
61-049-952-3939
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Transparent larvae hide opaque eyes behind reflections
Transparency is almost the perfect form of camouflage, however, transparent animals with compound eyes have a problem. Each eye unit is shielded from the next with opaque pigment to prevent light leakage, making the opaque eyes conspicuous. However, scientists from the University of Maryland Baltimore County have discovered that mantis shrimp larvae camouflage their opaque eyes with reflections that color match the light in their surroundings.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn@biologists.com
44-012-234-25525
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation
Threespine sticklebacks, small fish found around the globe, undergo rapid evolutionary change when they move from the ocean to freshwater lakes, losing their armor and gaining more teeth in as little as 10 years. UC Berkeley biologist Craig Miller shows that this rapid change results not from mutations in functional genes, but changes in regulatory DNA. He pinpoints a gene that could be responsible for teeth, bone or jaw deformities in humans, including cleft palate.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
eLife
New research decodes virus-host interactions in ocean dead zones
A new study reveals the interactions among bacteria and viruses that prey on them thriving in oxygen minimum zones -- stretches of ocean starved for oxygen that occur around the globe. Understanding such microbial communities in their natural environments is an important step in understanding global processes, including climate.
DOE/Joint Genome Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, G. Unger Vetlesen and Ambrose Monell Foundations, Tula Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Newborn Tropical Storm Polo gives a NASA satellite a 'cold reception'
The AIRS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite uses infrared light to read cloud top temperatures in tropical cyclones. When Aqua passed over newborn Tropical Storm Polo off of Mexico's southwestern coast it got a 'cold reception' when infrared data saw some very cold cloud top temperatures and strong storms within that hint at intensification.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA spots center of Typhoon Kalmaegi over Hainan Island, headed for Vietnam
NASA's Aqua satellite saw Typhoon Kalmaegi's center near northern Hainan Island, China when it passed overhead on Sept. 16 at 06:00 UTC (2 a.m. EDT). Hours later, the storm crossed the Gulf of Tonkin, the body of water that separates Hainan Island from Vietnam, and was making landfall there at 11:30 a.m. EDT.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Society & Natural Resources
Politics divide coastal residents' views of environment, UNH research finds
From the salmon-rich waters of Southeast Alaska to the white sand beaches of Florida's Gulf Coast to Downeast Maine's lobster, lumber and tourist towns, coastal residents around the US share a common characteristic: their views about coastal environments divide along political lines. That's a primary finding of a new study by University of New Hampshire sociologists published this month in the journal Society & Natural Resources.
USDA Rural Development program, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Ford Foundation, Kellogg Foundation, University of New Hampshire by the College of Liberal Arts

Contact: Beth Potier
beth.potier@unh.edu
603-862-1566
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Camera developed at WUSTL sheds light on mate choice of swordtail fish
A group of researchers have used a special camera developed by Viktor Gruev, PhD, to discover that female northern swordtail fish choose their mates based on polarization signals from the males.
Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
Julie.Flory@WUSTL.EDU
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA sees Tropical Storm Odile knocking at US Southwest
Tropical Storm Odile continues to drench western Mexico and has now entered into the US Southwest. On Sept. 15, NASA's Terra satellite saw Odile's northernmost edge crossing the Mexican border into southern California. NOAA's GOES-East satellite on Sept. 16 showed Odile's outer bands were already bringing storms to southern Arizona.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA's Global Hawk and satellites investigating Hurricane Edouard today
The unmanned Global Hawk aircraft that's part of NASA's airborne Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel, or HS3 mission was winging its way to Hurricane Edouard on Sept. 16. In addition to the Global Hawk, various NASA satellites are continually providing data on the Atlantic hurricane.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Malaspina annual meeting 2014
The Malaspina Expedition confirms that pollution reaches even the most remote areas of the ocean
Three years after the Hesperides vessel returned to Spain culminating the around the world of the Malaspina Expedition, researchers have an increasingly clear picture of how the global ocean works and what is its health condition. Specifically, the input of pollutants from the atmosphere is not limited to coastal areas, but also occurs in the most remote areas of the planet, and it is already affecting the ocean ecosystem.

Contact: Ainhoa Goñi
ainhoa.goni@csic.es
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Judging a fish by its color: For female bluefin killifish, love is a yellow mate
Researchers used male replicas of bluefin killifish and controlled their movement with robotic arms to improve repeatability in experiments designed to determine how fertile female fish would respond to male courtship. The surprising result: The females preferred males with yellow fins, contrary to existing research that indicated a preference to blue and red.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate
A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the 'mystery wreck.' The researchers also located the 1863 wreck of the clipper ship Noonday, currently obscured by mud and silt on the ocean floor.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service

Contact: Mary Jane Schramm
maryjane.schramm@noaa.gov
415-561-6622 x205
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Sharks' skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs
Transmission of bacterial infections, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus could be curbed by coating hospital surfaces with microscopic bumps that mimic the scaly surface of shark skin, according to research published in the open access journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Contact: Anna Perman
Anna.Perman@biomedcentral.com
44-020-319-22429
BioMed Central

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal
Researchers discover new producer of crucial vitamin
New research has determined that a single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change. Professors Andew Doxey and Josh Neufeld, from the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo, led a study that discovered that Thaumarchaeota are likely dominant vitamin B12 producers.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Pamela Smyth
psmyth@uwaterloo.ca
519-888-4777
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
NASA's TRMM satellite sees Hurricane Odile strike Baja California
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM captured data on powerful Hurricane Odile revealing heavy rainfall from powerful thunderstorms as it made landfall in Baja California. Odile tied a record for strongest hurricane to hit the Baja in over 40 years.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
NASA sees Typhoon Kalmaegi as a whirlpool of clouds in the South China Sea
NASA's Aqua satellite observed Typhoon Kalmaegi crossing the South China Sea and a satellite image from the MODIS instrument aboard made it look like a whirlpool of clouds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Satellites show Edouard's transition into an Atlantic Hurricane
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Edouard each day from Sept. 12-14 and captured imagery of the storm as it grew into a hurricane. NOAA's GOES-East satellite covers the Atlantic Ocean and takes visible images during the day and infrared images at night to show the movement of weather systems. Those images were compiled into a movie from Sept. 13 through 15 showing movement and intensification of Edouard into a hurricane. NASA's HS3 Mission also investigated the storm.
nasa

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Satellite sees Tropical Depression 16-E remnants scooped by Hurricane Odile
At 11 p.m. EDT on Sunday, Sept. 14, Tropical Depression 16-E was officially a remnant low pressure area. NOAA's GOES-West satellite showed the clouds associated with the remnants being drawn into the massive circulation of nearby Hurricane Odile.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
eLife
Decoding virus-host interactions in the oxygen-starved ocean
In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure. Over the past 50 years, such oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and increased waste run-off. Reported in the journal eLife, a collaboration between researchers from the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, the University of British Columbia, and University of Arizona studied how viral infection influences a microbial community in one such OMZ.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Climate Change
Small algae with great potential
The single most important calcifying algae of the world's oceans is able to simultaneously adapt to rising water temperatures and ocean acidification through evolution. A unique long-term experiment with the species Emiliania huxleyi at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel shows that the evolutionary potential of the algae is much greater than previously thought. In their laboratory evolution experiment, the scientists have shown for the first time that evolutionary adaptations to multiple stress factors do not necessarily interfere with each other.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
mnicolai@geomar.de
49-431-600-2807
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Lethaia
If hippopotamuses can't swim, how can some be living on islands?
There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can't swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?

Contact: Nicole Weingartner
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
201-748-5808
Wiley

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Monthly Weather Review
Research offers new way to predict hurricane strength, destruction
A new study by Florida State University researchers demonstrates a different way of projecting a hurricane's strength and intensity that could give the public a better idea of a storm's potential for destruction.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
khaughney@fsu.edu
850-644-1489
Florida State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Study finds warming Atlantic temperatures could increase range of invasive species
Warming water temperatures due to climate change could expand the range of many native species of tropical fish, including the invasive and poisonous lionfish, according to a study of 40 species along rocky and artificial reefs off North Carolina by researchers from NOAA and the University of North Carolina-Wilmington. The findings, reported for the first time, were published in the September issue of Marine Ecology Progress Series.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, University of North Carolina - Wilmington

Contact: Ben Sherman
ben.sherman@noaa.gov
301-713-3066
NOAA Headquarters

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1322.

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