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Showing releases 726-750 out of 1749.

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Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Study is first to map Earth's hidden groundwater
The first data-driven estimate of the Earth's total supply of groundwater shows that less than six per cent of groundwater in the upper two kilometers of the Earth's landmass is renewable within a human lifetime. The study, in Nature Geoscience, is led by Dr. Tom Gleeson of the University of Victoria with co-authors at the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Calgary and the University of Göttingen.
Natural Sciences and Research Council, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, National Science Foundation, American Geophysical Union

Contact: Suzanne Ahearne
sahearne@uvic.ca
250-721-6139
University of Victoria

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers sequence genomes of parasite that is actually a 'micro jellyfish'
This week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of Kansas will reveal how a jellyfish -- those commonplace sea pests with stinging tentacles -- have evolved over time into 'really weird' microscopic organisms, made of only a few cells, that live inside other animals.
National Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Building with nature: Ecological design for next-generation cities
ESA's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment celebrates the centennial of the society with perspectives on the potential for ecological science to influence the design of the next generation cities and their infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liza Lester
llester@esa.org
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Former Tropical Cyclone Kate examined by GPM, RapidScat and GOES-East
NASA and NOAA recently got three different views of former tropical cyclone Kate from space. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite saw heavy rainfall as Kate was transitioning into an extra-tropical cyclone on Nov. 11. The next day, NASA's RapidScat saw the system's tropical-storm force winds, and on Nov. 13, NOAA's GOES-East satellite spotted the former tropical storm in the Northern Atlantic.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Bigelow Laboratory in international effort to develop marine microbial ecology model
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences Scientist José Antonio Fernández Robledo will spend the next year developing molecular tools to better understand dinoflagellates' function and how they might transform themselves under varying conditions. This work, with Dr. Claudio H. Slamovits at Dalhousie University, is part of an $8 million Marine Microbial Initiative of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. One hundred scientists in 33 institutions will develop methods to bring experimental model systems to the ocean.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Darlene Trew Crist
dtcrist@bigelow.org
207-315-1976
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Aquatic Invasions
Invasive freshwater species in Europe's lakes and rivers: How do they come in?
A JRC-led article has identified escape from aquaculture facilities, releases in the wild due to pet/aquarium trade and stocking activities as the main pathways of alien species introduction in European lakes and rivers. Germany, the UK and Italy are the main entry gateways. The authors recommend tightened controls, and improved prevention and management measures in order to halt the increasing trend of freshwater alien species introductions in Europe.

Contact: Elena Verdesoto-Gonzalez
JRC-PRESS@ec.europa.eu
European Commission Joint Research Centre

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Sea ice plays a pivotal role in the Arctic methane cycle
The ice-covered Arctic Ocean is a more important factor concerning the concentration of the greenhouse gas methane in the atmosphere than previously assumed. Experts from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research report on the newly discovered interactions between the atmosphere, sea ice and the ocean in a recent online study in the journal Nature's Scientific Reports.

Contact: Folke Mehrtens
medien@awi.de
0049-471-483-12007
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Science Advances
Loss of diversity near melting coastal glaciers
Melting glaciers are causing a loss of species diversity among benthos in the coastal waters off the Antarctic Peninsula, impacting an entire seafloor ecosystem. This has been verified in the course of repeated research dives, the results of which were recently published by experts from Argentina, Germany and Great Britain and the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research in a study in the journal Science Advances.
Instituto Antartico Argentino, Alfred Wegener Institute, CONICET, FONCyT, SECyT-UNC, German Research Foundation, European Union, IMCONet

Contact: Doris Abele
Doris.Abele@awi.de
49-471-483-11567
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Journal of Climate
New research shows La Niña is not helping Hawai'i's rainfall and groundwater
Historically when El Niño events occur, Hawai'i has experienced nearly six months of drought, from November to April. Conversely, during La Niña events rainfall has been greater than normal -- building up Hawai'i's groundwater supply. New research published this month in the Journal of Climate determined that the relationship between La Niña and rainfall in Hawai'i has changed and recent La Niña years have brought less-than-normal rainfall.

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
NASA spies Extra-Tropical Storm Kate racing through North Atlantic
On Nov. 12 at 4 a.m. EST the National Hurricane Center issued the last advisory on Extra-Tropical Cyclone Kate, located several hundred miles south-southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland. NOAA's GOES-East satellite captured a visible light image of the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
NASA adds up rainfall from 2 historic Yemen tropical cyclones
One week ago to the day Cyclone Chapala, the first Category 1 cyclone to strike Yemen in recorded history made landfall in Yemen, then a second tropical cyclone named Megh made landfall. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite provided a look at rainfall rates and totals dropped by the historic double tropical cyclones.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Spanish Royal Society of Natural History Journal
A 'blood rain' infiltrates villages of Spain
The rainwater that fell in some of the villages of Zamora (Spain) last autumn brought along a strange traveller: a green microalgae that turns a reddish colour when in a state of stress. Once this microalgae was deposited into fountains and tanks it wasn't long before the water turned red. Researchers from the University of Salamanca have shone light on this 'blood rain' phenomenon.

Contact: SINC
info@agenciasinc.es
34-914-251-820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Today's disposable society: Pharmaceuticals and other contaminants of emerging concern
An increasing amount of drugs taken by humans and animals make it into streams and waterways, and pharmaceutical pollution has had catastrophic ecosystem consequences despite low levels of concentration in the environment. The effect of pharmaceuticals and other contaminants of emerging concern on the environment will be addressed in a special issue of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.

Contact: Jen Lynch
jen.lynch@setac.org
850-469-1500
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
ZooKeys
Long-snouted Amazonian catfishes including three new species to form a new genus
Being close relatives within the same genus, eight catfishes showed enough external differences, such as characteristic elongated mouths, hinting to their separate origin. Following a thorough morphological as well as molecular analysis, a team of researchers suggested that five previously known species along with three new ones, which they have found during their survey, need a new genus to accommodate for their specificity. Their study is available in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

Contact: Fabio F. Roxo
roxoff@hotmail.com.br
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Sharks' hunting ability destroyed under climate change
The hunting ability and growth of sharks will be dramatically impacted by increased CO2 levels and warmer oceans expected by the end of the century, a University of Adelaide study has found.

Contact: Ivan Nagelkerken
ivan.nagelkerken@adelaide.edu.au
61-477-320-551
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Science
Ancient mass extinction led to dominance of tiny fish, Penn paleontologist shows
According to new research led by the University of Pennsylvania's Lauren Sallan, a mass extinction 359 million years ago known as the Hangenberg event triggered a drastic and lasting transformation of Earth's vertebrate community.
University of Pennsylvania, Kalamazoo College, University of Michigan, Michigan Society of Fellows

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Science
Oceans -- and ocean activism -- deserve broader role in climate change discussions
Researchers argue that both ocean scientists and world leaders should pay more attention to how communities are experiencing, adapting to and even influencing changes in the world's oceans.

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Science
Massive northeast Greenland glacier is rapidly melting, UCI-led team finds
A glacier in northeast Greenland that holds enough water to raise global sea levels by more than 18 inches has come unmoored from a stabilizing sill and is crumbling into the North Atlantic Ocean. Losing mass at a rate of 5 billion tons per year, glacier Zachariae Isstrom entered a phase of accelerated retreat in 2012, according to findings published in the current issue of Science.
NASA's Cryospheric Sciences Program

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Human handouts could be spreading disease from birds to people
People feeding white ibises at public parks are turning the normally independent birds into beggars, and now researchers at the University of Georgia say it might also be helping spread disease. They recently launched a study to find out how being fed by humans is changing the health, ecology and behavior of white ibises in south Florida, where construction and land development is drying up their wetland habitats.
National Science Foundation's Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program

Contact: Sonia Hernandez
shernz@uga.edu
706-542-9727
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
This week from AGU: The Fundao Dam, cyanobacteria, and three new research papers
This week from AGU are papers on the Fundao Dam, cyanobacteria, and three new research papers.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
lhwang@agu.org
202-777-7318
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
$4.2 million NSF grant helps biologist gather large-scale river measurements
Walter Dodds, university distinguished professor of biology, is part of a collaborative five-year, $4.2 million National Science Foundation project to better understand how climate change affects river systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Walter Dodds
wkdodds@k-state.edu
785-532-6998
Kansas State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
PLOS ONE
Southern right whale calf wounding by kelp gulls increased to nearly all over 4 decades
Wounding of southern right whale calves and mothers by kelp gulls has increased from 2 percent to 99 percent over four decades, according to a study published Oct. 21, 2015, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Carina Marón from the University of Utah and colleagues.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Nature
Thermal sensitivity of marine communities reveals the most vulnerable to global warming
The sensitivity of marine communities to ocean warming rather than rising ocean temperatures will have strong short-term impacts on biodiversity changes associated with global warming, according to new research.
Australian Research Council, Marine Biodiversity Hub

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Dissertations
Lakes resist the introduction of new fish
Research from Umeå University in Sweden presents a new method of establishing how freshwater fish can defend themselves against an invasion of a new fish species. The method takes into account that resident species in a lake contribute at a varying degree to the resistance of the new species.

Contact: Ingrid Söderbergh
ingrid.soderbergh@umu.se
46-706-040-334
Umea University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
NASA spots Kate speeding away from the Bahamas
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite and NOAA's GOES-East satellite both saw strong thunderstorms circling Tropical Storm Kate's center of circulation as the storm sped away from the Bahamas.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 726-750 out of 1749.

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