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Showing releases 751-775 out of 1734.

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Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Science
The astounding genome of the dinoflagellate
Dinoflagellates live free-floating in the ocean or symbiotically with corals, serving up -- or as -- lunch to a host of mollusks, tiny fish and coral species. But when conditions are wrong, dinoflagellates poison shellfish beds with red tides and abandon coral reefs to a slow, bleached death. Globally, this is happening more and more often. Seeking answers, a team of researchers sequenced the complete genome of a dinoflagellate species for the first time.
Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kim Krieger
Kim.Krieger@uconn.edu
202-236-0030
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Global climate change
Anthropogenic warming in the west Pacific likely contributed to the 2014 drought in East Africa, say UCSB and USGS climate scientists.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
NASA spots another Arabian Sea tropical cyclone forming
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite caught another tropical cyclone forming on Nov. 4, 2015, at 1255 UTC in the Arabian Sea.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Marine Mammal Science
Human intervention can help endangered Saimaa ringed seal adapt to climate change
Humans can help the critically endangered Saimaa ringed seal to cope with climate change. Manmade snow drifts developed in a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland improved the breeding success of seals during winters with poor snow conditions.

Contact: Miina Auttila
miina.auttila@uef.fi
358-505-685-704
University of Eastern Finland

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Current Biology
Freshwater fish, amphibians supercharge their ability to see infrared light?
Salmon migrating from the open ocean to inland waters do more than swim upstream. To navigate the murkier freshwater streams and reach a spot to spawn, the fish have evolved a means to enhance their ability to see infrared light.
National Institutes of Health, Research to Prevent Blindness, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Annals of the Entomological Society of America
New whirligig beetle species discovered by University of New Mexico Ph.D. student
A new species of whirligig beetle is the first to be described in the United States since 1991. The new species is described in an article appearing in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America.
University of New Mexico

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
GSA 2015 Annual Meeting & Exposition
Nature Scientific Reports
Newly discovered fossil sea urchin is the oldest of its kind
A fossil sea urchin found in the Smithsonian's collections is the oldest of its kind, pushing back a fork in the sea urchin family tree by 10 million years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
NASA measures Cyclone Chapala's heavy rains across Arabian Sea to Yemen
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite added up the totals as Cyclone Chapala dropped a lot of rain moving across the Arabian Sea to landfall in Yemen.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
The Auk: Ornithological Advances
Gulls follow ducks to find dinner
Gulls have learned to follow diving ducks and take the bottom-dwelling mussels that the ducks bring to the surface, a food source that would otherwise be inaccessible to them. Gulls are one of the most adaptable groups of birds, able to exploit a wide variety of food resources and respond to new opportunities, and a forthcoming study documents this previously unrecognized behavior in Herring Gulls and Mew Gulls on Szczecin Lagoon.

Contact: Rebecca Heisman
aoucospubs@gmail.com
Central Ornithology Publication Office

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Backswimmers use buoyancy aid like a gill
Few backswimmers are capable of swimming at depth and those that do use small bubbles as buoyancy aids. However, it now it turns out that they can also use these buoyancy aid bubbles as gills to supplement their oxygen supply at depth to extend their dives.
University of Adelaide

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn@biologists.com
44-012-236-32871
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Researchers provide detailed genetic information on fish
The fathead minnow has long been a premier animal model for research and regulation related to environmental toxins. Unfortunately, however, genetic information about this species is incomplete. The lack of genome sequence information for the species has limited scientists' ability to dissect complex traits, evaluate genetic markers, identify gene regulatory sequences, and elucidate biological pathways.

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Births down and deaths up in Gulf dolphins
A NOAA-led team of scientists is reporting a high rate of reproductive failure in dolphins exposed to oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill. The team has monitored these bottlenose dolphins in heavily oiled Barataria Bay for five years following the spill. Their findings, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society today, suggest that the effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill will be long-lasting.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Ben Sherman
ben.sherman@noaa.gov
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
NASA sees first land-falling tropical cyclone in Yemen
Tropical Cyclone Chapala made landfall in Yemen early on Nov. 3 (Eastern Standard Time) and made history as the first land-falling tropical storm in 30 years of record-keeping. As Chapala made landfall NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead twice.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
PLOS ONE
New method reveals female biased green sea turtle sex ratio in San Diego Bay
Scientists have for the first time determined the ratio of males to females in a wild foraging group of green turtles in the Eastern Pacific, which suggests that sea turtles may be vulnerable to feminization from the temperature rises expected with climate change.

Contact: Michael Milstein
michael.milstein@noaa.gov
503-231-6268
NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists discover secret to highly efficient swimming in some animals, such as jellyfish
Previous studies have shown that jellyfish and eels can move using very low amounts of energy. In fact, these ocean denizens can go from point A to point B using less energy than any other swimmer, runner or flier ever measured. However the secret behind such amazing energetic efficiency has remained a mystery, until now. A team of scientists has revealed that these marine animals do something completely unexpected when they swim.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Brad Gemmell
bgemmell@usf.edu
512-983-0244
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Restoration project recreates variation in the Vindel River
Vindel River LIFE is an EU project aimed at restoring tributaries in northern Sweden that were affected by a century-long timber-floating era. The project spanned over nearly six years and came to an end on Oct. 31, 2015.
Umeå University, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Vindel River Fishery Advisory Board, Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, European Union, County Administrative Board of Västerbotten, and others

Contact: Ingrid Söderbergh
ingrid.soderbergh@umu.se
46-706-040-334
Umea University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Stanford engineers help discover the surprising trick jellyfish use to swim
Through clever experiments and insightful math, an interdisciplinary research team has revealed a startling truth about how jellyfish and lampreys, another ancient species that undulate like eels, move through the water with unmatched efficiency.

Contact: Tom Abate
tabate@stanford.edu
650-736-2245
Stanford School of Engineering

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
NASA sees Cyclone Chapala approaching landfall in Yemen
NASA's Aqua satellite and the GPM satellite passed over Cyclone Chapala as it was approaching landfall in central Yemen on Nov. 2. The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission or GPM core satellite analyzed the heavy rain falling in the major hurricane.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Scientists research deep-sea hydrothermal vents, find carbon-removing properties
University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Aron Stubbins joined a team of researchers to determine how hydrothermal vents influence ocean carbon storage. The results of their study were recently published in the journal Nature Geoscience. Originally, the researchers thought the vents might be a source of the dissolved organic carbon. Their research showed just the opposite.

Contact: Mike Sullivan
mike.sullivan@skio.uga.edu
912-598-2325
University of Georgia

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cracking the problem of river growth
A similar principle predicts the growth of fractures and rivers.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Are you moonstruck?
The first popular account of the growing scientific evidence for biological clocks in animals related to lunar cycles.

Contact: Marlena Brown
marlena.brown@oup.com
212-743-8305
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Scientists map source of Northwest's next big quake
The Cascadia Initiative deployed 70 seabed seismometers at 120 sites covering the entire Juan de Fuca plate to record mantle movement relative to the plate. Team members led by UC Berkeley have confirmed what geophysicists expected, but one surprise is that a small appendage called the Gorda Plate moves independently of the Juan de Fuca, apparently too light to influence the mantle flow 100 miles down. This could explain earthquake segmentation at the subduction zone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Local destabilization can cause complete loss of West Antarctica's ice masses
A full discharge of ice into the ocean is calculated to yield about 3 meters of sea-level rise. Recent studies indicated that this area of the ice continent is already losing stability, making it the first element in the climate system about to tip. The new publication for the first time shows the inevitable consequence of such an event. According to the computer simulations, a few decades of ocean warming can start an ice loss that continues for centuries or even millennia.

Contact: Mareike Schodder
press@pik-potsdam.de
49-331-288-2507
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Climate Change
Rapidly acidifying waters pose major threat for Southern Ocean ecosystem
A study published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change uses a number of Earth System Models to explore how the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the resulting ocean acidification will affect the Southern Ocean over the next century. The new research finds that for some organisms the onset of such critical conditions will be so abrupt, and the duration of events so long, that adaption may become impossible.
National Science Foundation Ocean Acidification Program

Contact: Rachel Lentz
rlentz@hawaii.edu
808-956-8175
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
170th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA)
Eavesdropping on Bering Strait marine mammals
One way to monitor impacts to the ecosystem is by observing the changes in occurrence or distribution of sea birds and marine mammals. So a team of researchers is 'eavesdropping' on marine mammals within the Arctic to monitor their presence year-round. Kathleen Stafford, oceanographer for the Applied Physics Lab at the University of Washington, will describe their work and the passive acoustic monitoring techniques involved at ASA's Fall 2015 Meeting.

Contact: John Arnst
jarnst@aip.org
301-209-3096
Acoustical Society of America

Showing releases 751-775 out of 1734.

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