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Showing releases 751-775 out of 1312.

<< < 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
University of Hawaii scientists make a big splash
Researchers from the University of Hawaii, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and University of California discovered that interplanetary dust particles could deliver water and organics to the Earth and other terrestrial planets. "It is a thrilling possibility that this influx of dust has acted as a continuous rainfall of little reaction vessels containing both the water and organics needed for the eventual origin of life on Earth and possibly Mars," said Hope Ishii, study co-author.
NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Current Biology
Scientists reveal why life got big in the Earth's early oceans
Why did life forms first begin to get larger and what advantage did this increase in size provide? UCLA biologists working with an international team of scientists examined the earliest communities of large multicellular organisms in the fossil record to help answer this question.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
swolpert@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0511
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Island Biology 2014
Island Biology 2014: An International Conference on Island Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation
Islands are renowned for their extraordinary biota -- inspiring biologists and providing key insights into evolution, biogeography, and ecology. As a result of the devastating effects of human colonization, island ecosystems face severe threats, and island conservation has become a vital international concern. Examining a broad range of taxa, regions, and biological disciplines, attending biologists will share insights and develop collaborations to accelerate the pace and effectiveness of island research and conservation.

Contact: Donald Drake, University of Hawaii at Manoa
island.biology@gmail.com
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Palau's coral reefs surprisingly resistant to ocean acidification
Marine scientists working on the coral reefs of Palau have made two unexpected discoveries that could provide insight into corals' resistance and resilience to ocean acidification.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-7734
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Nature
Analysis indicates that North and tropical Atlantic warming affects Antarctic climate
The gradual warming of the North and tropical Atlantic Ocean is contributing to climate change in Antarctica, a team of New York University scientists supported by the National Science Foundation has concluded.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter West
pwest@nsf.gov
703-292-7530
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Dissertations and Features
Arctic inland waters emit large amounts of carbon
Geoscientist Erik Lundin shows in his thesis that streams and lakes of Northern Sweden are hotspots for emissions of carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. Erik defends his findings at Sweden's Umeň University on Friday, Jan. 31.

Contact: Erik Lundin
erik.lundin@emg.umu.se
46-070-516-6137
Umea University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Current Biology
Large and in charge
A NASA research group featuring University of Toronto Mississauga professor Marc Laflamme has helped to explain why some prehistoric organisms evolved into larger animals. Laflamme, an assistant professor with the Department of Chemical and Physical Sciences, and his colleagues at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Node of NASA's Astrobiology Institute suggest that height offered a distinct advantage to the earliest forms of multicellular life.
NASA

Contact: Gareth Trickey
gareth.trickey@utoronto.ca
905-828-3983
University of Toronto

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Science
Bats use water ripples to hunt frogs
As the male tungara frog serenades females from a pond, he creates watery ripples that make him easier to target by rivals and predators such as bats. He will stop calling if he sees a bat overhead, but ripples continue moving for several seconds after the call ceases. In the study, researchers found evidence that bats use echolocation to detect these ripples and home in on a frog.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
eLife
Study says sharks/rays globally overfished
One quarter of the world's cartilaginous fish, namely sharks and rays, face extinction within the next few decades, according to the first study to systematically and globally assess their fate. The International Union for Conservation of Nature's Shark Specialist Group, co-chaired by Nick Dulvy, a Simon Fraser University Canada Research Chair in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation in British Columbia, conducted the study. It was published in eLife journal today.

Contact: Carol Thorbes
cthorbes@sfu.ca
778-782-3035
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
Ecological Applications
War on lionfish shows first promise of success
It may take a legion of scuba divers armed with nets and spears, but a new study confirms for the first time that controlling lionfish populations in the western Atlantic Ocean can pave the way for a recovery of native fish. Scientists say there's finally a way to fight back.
National Science and Engineering Research Council

Contact: Stephanie Green
stephanie.green@science.oregonstate.edu
541-908-3839
Oregon State University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
PLOS ONE
A guppy's spots formed by layers of color cells
At least three pigment cell types from multiple layers of skin contribute to the color patterns of male guppies.
Please see financial disclosure

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
415-590-3558
PLOS

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
NASA still watching an amazingly stubborn, strong tropical low: System 94S
The tropical low pressure area known as System 94S continues to soak Australia and NASA satellites continue to track its movements.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Tropical cyclone lingling wraps up in Northwestern Pacific
After dropping rainfall that brought a number of casualties to the central and southern Philippines, the tropical cyclone known as Lingling, and locally as Agaton in the Philippines has finally wound down.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
ISME Journal
Predatory organisms at depth
In deep, old and nutrient-poor marine sediments there are up to 225 times more viruses than microbes. In such extreme habitats viruses make up the largest fraction of living biomass and take over the role as predators in this bizarre ecosystem.

Contact: F.Ossing
ossing@gfz-potsdam.de
49-331-288-1040
GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Conservation Letters
Are anti-poaching efforts repeating the mistakes of the 'war on drugs'?
Illegal poaching, fueled by the demand for alternative "medicines" and luxury goods in Asian markets, continues unabated. In response unprecedented levels of funding are being invested in enforcement, while events such as China's public burning of confiscated ivory, serve to publicize the problem.

Contact: Ben Norman
Sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
44-012-437-70375
Wiley

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Current Biology
Micropredators dictate occurrence of deadly amphibian disease
Researchers have made progress in understanding the distribution of the deadly amphibian chytrid pathogen. In some regions, the deadly impact of the pathogen appears to be hampered by small predators, naturally occurring in freshwater bodies. These micropredators may efficiently reduce the number of free-swimming infectious stages (zoospores) by consuming them. This natural behavior will reduce the infection pressure on potential amphibian hosts. These results were published in the Cell Press journal Current Biology.
Biodiversa Project RACE, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
presse@ufz.de
49-341-235-1635
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Curtin researchers to hide our splashes from sharks
Curtin University researchers will attempt to "mask" the noise of swimmers from sharks after receiving a grant from the State Government's Shark Hazard Mitigation Strategy. The project will first look at characterizing noises produced from swimming, surfing and kayaking that are detectable by a number of large shark species. Researchers will then compare shark behavior when the human noises are detectable to when they are masked, to see if masking typical swimmer noises can be effective at disrupting detection of humans.
Shark Hazard Mitigation Strategy

Contact: Megan Meates
megan.meates@curtin.edu.au
61-892-644-4241
Curtin University

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Nature Geoscience
Source of Galapagos eruptions is not where models place it
Images gathered by University of Oregon scientists using seismic waves penetrating to a depth of 300 kilometers have found an anomaly that likely is the volcanic mantle plume of the Galapagos Islands. It's not where geologists and computer modeling had assumed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Frog fathers don't mind dropping off their tadpoles in cannibal-infested pools
Given a choice, male dyeing poison frogs snub empty pools in favor of ones in which their tiny tadpoles have to metamorphose into frogs in the company of larger, carnivorous ones of the same species. These are seemingly strange decisions, given how often cannibalism involving a large tadpole eating a smaller one takes place in natural pools, writes Bibiana Rojas of the University of Jyvaskyla in Finland in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
CIE at Deakin University

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Current Biology
Micropredators dictate occurrence of deadly amphibian disease
Researchers have made progress in understanding the distribution of the deadly amphibian chytrid pathogen. In some regions, the deadly impact of the pathogen appears to be hampered by small predators, naturally occurring in freshwater bodies. These micropredators may efficiently reduce the number of free-swimming infectious stages (zoospores) by consuming them. This natural behavior will reduce the infection pressure on potential amphibian hosts and a goes a long way towards explaining the occurrence of chytridiomycosis.
Biodiversa Project RACE, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
presse@ufz.de
49-341-235-1635
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Nature Geoscience
The water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change
During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so-called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe. Thus, the regional impacts of future climate changes can be largely driven by hydrological changes, not only in the monsoonal areas of the world, but also in temperate areas.

Contact: F.Ossing
ossing@gfz-potsdam.de
49-331-288-1040
GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Aquatic Mammals
Keeping whales safe in sound
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature is intensifying global efforts to safeguard whales and other marine species from the harms of powerful noise used in seismic seafloor surveys by the oil and gas industry and others. The impetus is the newly-documented success of harm mitigation measures used in a study near critical whale feeding grounds around energy resource-rich Sakhalin Island, Russia, just north of Japan.

Contact: Terry Collins
tc@tca.tc
416-538-8712
International Union for the Conservation of Nature

Public Release: 17-Jan-2014
TRMM satellite calculates System 91W's deadly Philippine flooding
People in the southern Philippines are used to heavy rainfall this time of the year, but rainfall totals have recently been exceptionally high.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 17-Jan-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment
Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property: they breathe a toxic metal to survive. Researchers from the University of Georgia discovered the bacteria on a recent field expedition to Mono Lake in California, and their experiments with this unusual organism show that it may one day become a useful tool for industry and environmental protection.

Contact: James Hollibaugh
aquadoc@uga.edu
706-542-7671
University of Georgia

Public Release: 17-Jan-2014
PLOS ONE
New sea anemone species discovered in Antarctica
National Science Foundation-funded researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, while using a camera-equipped robot to survey the area under Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf, unexpectedly discovered a new species of small sea anemones that were burrowed into the ice, their tentacles protruding into frigid water like flowers from a ceiling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nature McGinn
nmcginn@nsf.gov
703-292-8224
National Science Foundation

Showing releases 751-775 out of 1312.

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