Press Releases

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Showing releases 926-950 out of 1747.

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Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
NASA satellites analyze Typhoon Soudelor moving toward Taiwan
Heavy rain, towering thunderstorms, and a large area are things that NASA satellites observed as Typhoon Soudelor moves toward Taiwan on Aug. 5, 2015.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
100th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Armored in concrete, hardened shorelines lose the soft protections of coastal wetlands
Highlights from the August 2015 issue of ESA's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Contact: Liza Lester
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
This week from AGU: Climate models, Earth's elasticity & 5 new research papers
Scientists have matched the output of climate models to the way the Earth's temperature record is constructed in a new study in Geophysical Research Letters. Dan Satterfield explores how climate models are doing an even better job at predicting the Earth's temperature than was thought.

Contact: Leigh Cooper
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
NASA looks at Tropical Storm Guillermo closing in on Hawaii
NASA's Terra satellite and RapidScat provided forecasters with information about Tropical Storm Guillermo, revealing that the strongest winds were on the northern and eastern sides.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
River buries permafrost carbon at sea
As temperatures rise, some of the organic carbon stored in Arctic permafrost meets an unexpected fate -- burial at sea. As many as 2.2 million metric tons of organic carbon per year are swept along by a single river system into Arctic Ocean sediment, according to a new study an international team of researchers published today in Nature.

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Study looks at best way to bring healthy streams back after development
Is it possible to truly restore a stream disturbed by housing developments and road construction? Can it return to its natural state, complete with buzzing insects and fish and worms that wiggle through its muddy bottom? Ecologist Robert Hilderbrand is about the find out.
Chesapeake Bay Trust

University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Nova Southeastern University researcher discovers a new deep-sea fish species
NSU researcher working in the deepest parts of the Gulf of Mexico has identified a new species of anglerfish. With the help of a colleague from the University of Washington, three female specimens from this new species have been cataloged and identified.

Contact: Joe Donzelli
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Parental experience may help coral offspring survive climate change
A new study from scientists at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa's Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology reveals that preconditioning adult corals to increased temperature and ocean acidification resulted in offspring that may be better able to handle those future environmental stressors. This rapid trans-generational acclimatization may be able to 'buy time' for corals in the race against climate change.
National Science Foundation, National Marine Sanctuary Program and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Reserve Partnership, International Society for Reef Studies, Ocean Conservancy, American Fisheries Society, and US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Heredity
Finding the 'conservación' in conservation genetics
A recently published special issue of the Journal of Heredity focuses on case studies of real-world applications of conservation genetics in Latin America, from nabbing parrot smugglers to exposing fraudulent fish sales.

Contact: Nancy Steinberg
American Genetic Association

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Sardines, anchovies, other fast-growing fish vulnerable to dramatic population plunges
A Rutgers marine biologist studying the rise and fall of fish populations worldwide recently made a counterintuitive discovery: ocean species that grow quickly and reproduce frequently are more likely to experience dramatic plunges in population than larger, slower growing fish such as sharks or tuna. In nearly all of the cases, overfishing was the culprit. Combining climate variability with high levels of fishing greatly increases the risk of population collapse.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Seagrass thrives surprisingly well in toxic sediments -- but still dies all over the world
Toxic is bad. Or is it? New studies of seagrasses reveal that they are surprisingly good at detoxifying themselves when growing in toxic seabed. But if seagrasses are stressed by their environment, they lose the ability and die. All over the world seagrasses are increasingly stressed and one factor contributing to this can be lack of detoxification.

Contact: Birgitte Svennevig
University of Southern Denmark

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Fish that have their own fish finders
African fish called mormyrids communicate by means of electric signals. Fish in one group can glean detailed information from a signal's waveform, but fish in another group are insensitive to waveform variations. Research at Washington University in St. Louis has uncovered the neurological basis for this difference in perception.

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Low levels of endocrine disruptors in the environment may cause sex reversal in female frogs
Many studies have been conducted on the dangers of endocrine disrupting chemicals that mimic or block estrogen, the primary female hormone. Now new research shows that similar harm can be done by chemicals that affect male hormones, or androgens.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Shifting winds, ocean currents doubled endangered Galápagos penguin population
Shifting winds, ocean currents doubled endangered Galápagos penguin population

Contact: Leigh Cooper
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Climate Change
Greenhouse gases' millennia-long ocean legacy
Continuing current carbon dioxide emission trends throughout this century and beyond would leave a legacy of heat and acidity in the deep ocean. These changes would linger even if the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration were to be restored to pre-industrial levels at some point in the future, according to a new paper. This is due to the tremendous inertia of the ocean system.

Contact: Ken Caldeira
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ocean changes are affecting salmon biodiversity and survival
What happens at the Equator, doesn't stay at the Equator. El Niño-associated changes in the ocean may be putting the biodiversity of two Northern Pacific salmon species at risk, according to a UC Davis study.
National Science Foundation, National Marine Fisheries Service/Sea Grant

Contact: Patrick Kilduff
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Climate Change
CO2 removal cannot save the oceans -- if we pursue business as usual
Greenhouse-gas emissions from human activities do not only cause rapid warming of the seas, but also ocean acidification at an unprecedented rate. Artificial carbon dioxide removal (CDR) from the atmosphere has been proposed to reduce both risks to marine life. A new study based on computer calculations now shows that this strategy would not work if applied too late. CDR cannot compensate for soaring business-as-usual emissions throughout the century and beyond.

Contact: Sarah Messina or Mareike Schodder
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Earliest evidence of reproduction in a complex organism
A new study of 565 million-year-old fossils has identified how some of the first complex organisms on Earth -- possibly some of the first animals to exist -- reproduced, revealing the origins of our modern marine environment.

Contact: Sarah Collins
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Septic tanks aren't keeping poo out of rivers and lakes
The notion that septic tanks prevent fecal bacteria from seeping into rivers and lakes simply doesn't hold water, says a new Michigan State University study. Water expert Joan Rose and her team of water detectives have discovered freshwater contamination stemming from septic systems.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Mackenzie Kastl
Michigan State University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2015
Journal of Physical Oceanography
Study offers new insights on hurricane intensity, pollution transport
As tropical storm Isaac was gaining momentum toward the Mississippi River in August 2012, University of Miami researchers were dropping instruments from the sky above to study the ocean conditions beneath the storm. The newly published study showed how a downwelling of warm waters deepened the storm's fuel tank for a rapid intensification toward hurricane status. The results also revealed how hurricane-generated currents and ocean eddies can transport oil and other pollutants to coastal regions.
BP/Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative to the Deep-C consortium at Florida State University

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research spotlights a previously unknown microbial 'drama' playing in the Southern Ocean
A team of marine researchers funded by the National Science Foundation has discovered a three-way conflict raging at the microscopic level in the frigid waters off Antarctica over natural resources such as vitamins and iron.

Contact: Peter West
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
Journal of Lipid Research
Penn study questions presence in blood of heart-healthy molecules from fish oil supplements
A new study questions the relevance of fish oil-derived substances and their purported anti-inflammatory effects in humans.
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, American Heart Association, Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
Global Ecology and Conservation
Bering Sea hotspot for corals and sponges
North of the Aleutian Islands, submarine canyons in the cold waters of the eastern Bering Sea contain a highly productive 'green belt' that is home to deep-water corals as well as a plethora of fish and marine mammals.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems
Studying killer whales with an unmanned aerial vehicle
Last year, for the first time, scientists used an unmanned aerial vehicle to photograph killer whales from above, giving scientists a new way to monitor killer whale health while giving us all a stunning new view of the species. In a recent article in the Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, scientists explain how they configured the UAV into a precision scientific instrument.

Contact: Jim Milbury
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
BMC Ecology Image Competition 2015 winners announced
This year's BMC Ecology Image Competition includes photos showing a Palestinian sunbird's careful maneuvers, endangered storks foraging in a garbage dump and a pregnant bat in mid-flight. The 32 images showcase a diverse range of interspecies relationships, from seemingly-unlikely symbiotic partnerships, to the perilous world of predation and carnivorous plants.

Contact: Shane Canning
BioMed Central

Showing releases 926-950 out of 1747.

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