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Showing releases 926-950 out of 1262.

<< < 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 > >>

Public Release: 7-Aug-2013
Nature
Newly discovered bacterial partnership changes ocean chemistry
In a discovery that further demonstrates just how unexpected and unusual nature can be, scientists have found two strains of bacteria whose symbiotic relationship is unlike anything seen before.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 6-Aug-2013
EARTH: Hurricane hunters fly toward improved storm forecasts
As hurricanes hit US coastlines, scientists study them to improve forecasts critical for saving lives and property. Last year, unmanned aircraft from NASA flew into the biggest storms as part of a project to improve hurricane forecasts. Three projects in particular may be responsible for a 20 percent error reduction in the hurricane track and intensity forecasts.

Contact: Megan Sever
msever@agiweb.org
703-379-2480
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 6-Aug-2013
Lipids
Scientists discover key to easing aquaculture's reliance on wild-caught fish
For the first time scientists have been able to develop a completely vegetarian diet that works for marine fish raised in aquaculture, the key to making aquaculture a sustainable industry as the world's need for protein increases. "This makes aquaculture completely sustainable," said Dr. Allen Place. "The pressure on natural fisheries in terms of food fish can be relieved. We can now sustain a good protein source without harvesting fish to feed fish."

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
apelsinsky@umces.edu
410-330-1389
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 6-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Dolphins keep lifelong social memories, longest in a non-human species
Dolphins can recognize their old tank mates' whistles after being separated for more than 20 years -- the longest social memory ever recorded for a non-human species.

Contact: Jeremy Manier
773-702-8187
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-Aug-2013
Nature Geoscience
ORNL research reveals new challenges for mercury cleanup
More forms of mercury can be converted to deadly methylmercury than previously thought, according to a study published Sunday in Nature Geoscience. The discovery provides scientists with another piece of the mercury puzzle, bringing them one step closer to understanding the challenges associated with mercury cleanup.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jennifer Brouner
brounerjm@ornl.gov
865-241-0709
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 5-Aug-2013
Tom Bowman's Climate Report delves into Arctic methane controversy
Tom Bowman, climate science communications expert and host of the Climate Report with Tom Bowman, interviews economist Chris Hope and oceanographer Peter Wadhams, two of the three authors of an article in the journal Nature that has stirred scientific controversy. The authors modeled the economic impact of a single phenomenon of global warming -- the release of methane from thawing permafrost beneath the East Siberian Sea -- and concluded that it "comes with an average global price tag of $60 trillion."

Contact: Tom Bowman
tom@bowmandesigngroup.com
562-494-3400
Bowman Global Change

Public Release: 5-Aug-2013
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Seafood menus from Hawaii reflect long-term ocean changes
The colorful restaurant menus that thousands of tourists bring home as souvenirs from Hawaii hold more than happy memories of island vacations. They also contain valuable data that are helping a trio of researchers track long-term changes to important fisheries in the Aloha State.

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2013
Science
Disappearance of coral reefs, drastically altered marine food web on the horizon
If history's closest analog is any indication, the look of the oceans will change drastically in the future as the coming greenhouse world alters marine food webs and gives certain species advantages over others.

Contact: Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 5-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Carbon emissions to impact climate beyond the day after tomorrow
Future warming from fossil fuel burning could be more intense and longer-lasting than previously thought. This prediction emerges from a new study by Richard Zeebe at the University of Hawai'i who includes insights from episodes of climate change in the geologic past to inform projections of man-made future climate change. The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Contact: Richard E. Zeebe
zeebe@hawaii.edu
808-956-6473
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 4-Aug-2013
Nature Climate Change
UCSB study finds climate change is causing modifications to marine life behavior
Oceans cover 71 percent of the Earth's surface, yet our knowledge of the impact of climate change on marine habitats is a mere drop in the proverbial ocean compared to terrestrial systems. An international team of scientists set out to change that by conducting a global meta-analysis of climate change impacts on marine systems.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 4-Aug-2013
Nature Climate Change
Global investigation reveals true scale of ocean warming
Warming oceans are causing marine species to change breeding times and shift homes with expected substantial consequences for the broader marine landscape, according to a new global study.

Contact: Andrew Merrington
andrew.merrington@plymouth.ac.uk
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 4-Aug-2013
The River Odra mouth area's biological diversity explained in new open access books
The Great Lagoon is the major component in the Odra River mouth system. The border between Poland and Germany crosses the Szczecin Lagoon, leaving the Great Lagoon on the Polish side. In addition to supporting highly efficient commercial fisheries, the Szczecin Lagoon is a popular recreation and tourist area. This new books provids groundwork for a comprehensive assessment of the Great Lagoon's environment and biota, and for a multi-component analysis of the Lagoon's ecosystem.

Contact: Maria Hrynkiewicz
maria@versita.com
48-660-476-421
De Gruyter Open

Public Release: 2-Aug-2013
Biogeochemistry
Decoding material fluxes in the tropical ocean
For the first time, oceanographers at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel were able to make quantitative statements regarding this question. They showed that about one-third of the oxygen supply in these areas is provided by turbulent processes, such as eddies or internal waves. The study was just published in the international journal Biogeosciences.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Dr. Andreas Villwock
avillwock@geomar.de
49-431-600-2802
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 1-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Geoscientists unearth mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new technologies
Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect themselves. Virginia Tech researchers have discovered that certain types of sugars, known as polysaccharides, may also control the timing and placement of minerals that animals use to produce hard structures.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: John Pastor
jdpastor@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 1-Aug-2013
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists uncover secrets of starfish's bizarre feeding mechanism
Scientists have identified a molecule that enables starfish to carry out one of the most remarkable forms of feeding in the natural world.

Contact: Katrina Coutts
k.coutts@qmul.ac.uk
Queen Mary, University of London

Public Release: 1-Aug-2013
Science
Arctic sea-ice loss has widespread effects on wildlife
How the Arctic wildlife and humans will be affected by the continued melting of Arctic sea ice is explored in a review article in the journal Science, by an international team of scientists. The article examines relationships among algae, plankton, whales, and terrestrial animals such as caribou, arctic foxes, and walrus; as well as the effects of human exploration of previously inaccessible parts of the region.
National Science Foundation, Penn State University

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Jul-2013
Hurricanes, Major Disasters, Coastal Protection & Rapid Recovery in Texas & the Gulf Coast Region
Texas Hurricane Center presents conference at UH Aug. 2
Coastal protection and debris management for hurricanes and other disasters are among the many topics to be discussed at a conference at the University of Houston Aug. 2, addressing preparation plans for the 2013 hurricane season. Open to members of the community, emergency managers and industry suppliers, this fifth-annual event -- "Hurricanes, Major Disasters, Coastal Protection and Rapid Recovery in Texas and the Gulf Coast Region" -- is hosted by the Texas Hurricane Center for Innovative Technology.

Contact: Lisa Merkl
lkmerkl@uh.edu
713-743-8192
University of Houston

Public Release: 31-Jul-2013
Geology
Ancient whale coprolites, fault slickensides, shergottites, Ediacara, and Cascadia
Two new Geology articles this month are open access: "Steady rotation of the Cascade arc" and "Silica gel formation during fault slip: Evidence from the rock record." Other new articles cover everything from the discovery of fossilized whale "intestinal products" in central Italy to flooding as a result of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption to new findings via the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars to using microfossils to reconstruct massive earthquakes in Cascadia.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 31-Jul-2013
Navy turns to UAVs for help with radar, communications
Scientists recently launched unmanned aerial vehicles from a research vessel in a significant experiment that could help boost the Navy's radar and communications performance at sea.

Contact: Peter Vietti
onrpublicaffairs@navy.mil
703-696-5031
Office of Naval Research

Public Release: 31-Jul-2013
PLOS ONE
Robots strike fear in the hearts of fish
The latest in a series of experiments testing the ability of robots to influence live animals shows that bio-inspired robots can not only elicit fear in zebrafish, but that this reaction can be modulated by alcohol. These findings may pave the way for new methodologies for understanding anxiety and other emotions, as well as substances that modulate them.
National Science Foundation, Honors Center of Italian Universities, Mitsui USA Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
hamilton@poly.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 31-Jul-2013
ZooKeys
Hide, ambush, kill, eat: The giant water bug Lethocerus patruelis kills a fish
The largest European water insect Lethocerus patruelis, commonly known as giant water bug, can reach the impressive size of up to 8 cm in length. A recent study, published in the open access journal Zookeys, provides detailed information on karyotype and the reproductive system of the species. The study also presents a rare opportunity to see their vicious predatory practices, catching a giant water bug larva attacking and killing a small fish on video.

Contact: Snejana Grozeva
sgrozeva@yahoo.com
359-888-673-619
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 30-Jul-2013
Santa's workshop not flooded -- but lots of melting in the Arctic
Widespread media reports of a lake at the North Pole don't hold water -- but scientists who deployed the monitoring buoys are watching closely as Arctic sea ice approaches its yearly minimum.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Jul-2013
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
Cracking how life arose on earth may help clarify where else it might exist
A novel and potentially testable theory of how life arose on earth advanced over 25 years ago by Michael Russell, research scientist in planetary chemistry and astrobiology, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, was further developed in a recent paper published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B by Russell, Wolfgang Nitschke, team leader at National Center for Scientific Research in Marseille, France; and Elbert Branscomb, an affiliate faculty member at the Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
NASA Astrobiology Institute

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 30-Jul-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Aquatic playground can turn water tanks into fish schools
Raising fish in tanks that contain hiding places and other obstacles can make the fish both smarter and improve their chances of survival when they are released into the wild, according to an international team of researchers.
Research Council of Norway

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Jul-2013
NOAA-supported scientists find large Gulf dead zone, but smaller than predicted
NOAA-supported scientists found a large Gulf of Mexico oxygen-free or hypoxic 'dead' zone, but not as large as had been predicted. Measuring 5,840 square miles, an area the size of Connecticut, the 2013 Gulf dead zone indicates nutrients from the Mississippi River watershed, which drains 40 percent of the lower 48 states, are continuing to affect the nation's commercial and recreational marine resources in the Gulf.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium

Contact: Ben Sherman
ben.sherman@noaa.gov
202-253-5256
NOAA Headquarters

Showing releases 926-950 out of 1262.

<< < 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 > >>


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