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Showing releases 951-975 out of 1274.

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Public Release: 25-Jul-2013
Environmental Development
Managing waters shared across national boundaries: Treasury of papers helps capture 20 years of lessons
A treasury of new articles capture expert advice and lessons learned through $7 billion in projects over 20 years involving waters shared across national boundaries. The articles explore, eg: managing shared water in the Arab region; climate change impacts on North Atlantic fisheries; co-operative stewardship of the massive aquifer under Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay; and sharing the Nile River -- a vital resource to 300 million people in 11 countries.

Contact: Terry Collins
United Nations University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Newly discovered marine viruses offer glimpse into untapped biodiversity
Studying bacteria from the Baltic Sea, University of Arizona researchers have discovered an entire array of previously unknown viruses that use these bacteria as hosts. By impacting the life cycles of these bacteria, the viruses play indirect but crucial ecological roles in environments ranging from the oceans and sea ice to the human gut.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Sweden-America foundation, Swedish Research Council

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
Endangered Species Research
Are North Atlantic right whales mating in the Gulf of Maine?
Using data obtained during six years of regular aerial surveys and genetics data collected by a consortium of research groups, scientists have strengthened evidence pointing to the central Gulf of Maine as a mating ground for North Atlantic right whales, according to a study recently published online in the journal Endangered Species Research.
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service

Contact: Shelley Dawicki
NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
Smithsonian finds color patterns in fish larvae may reveal relationships among species
Similarities in how different organisms look can indicate a close evolutionary relationship. Conversely, great differences in appearance can suggest a very distant relationship, as in many adult marine fish species. For the first time, however, a Smithsonian scientist has found that color patterns of different fish species in the larval stage can be very similar, revealing a closer evolutionary relationship than their adult forms would suggest.

Contact: John Gibbons

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
NASA sees newborn eastern Atlantic tropical depression
The fourth tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season was born west of the Cape Verde Islands in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean on July 24.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Study investigates extraordinary trout with tolerance to heavily polluted water
New research from the University of Exeter and King's College London has shown how a population of brown trout can survive in the contaminated waters of the River Hayle in Cornwall where metal concentrations are so high they would be lethal to fish from unpolluted sites. The team believe this is due to changes in the expression of their genes. The research was funded by NERC and the Salmon and Trout Association.
National Environmental Research Council

Contact: Dr. Johanna Bowler
University of Exeter

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
New study shows inbreeding in winter flounder in Long Island's bays
Research conducted in six bays of Long Island, NY, and led by scientists from the School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at Stony Brook University showed that local populations of winter flounder are inbred, which is a situation that is not usually considered in marine fisheries management.
Institute for Ocean Conservation Science

Contact: Cindy Yeast
The Institute for Ocean Conservation Science

Public Release: 24-Jul-2013
Cost of Arctic methane release could be 'size of global economy' warn experts
Researchers have warned of an "economic time-bomb" in the Arctic, following a ground-breaking analysis of the likely cost of methane emissions in the region.

Contact: Tom Kirk
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 23-Jul-2013
Biology Letters
Male guppies ensure successful mating with genital claws
Some males will go to great lengths to pursue a female and take extreme measures to hold on once they find one that interests them, even if that affection is unrequited. New research from evolutionary biologists at the University of Toronto shows that the male guppy grows claws on its genitals to make it more difficult for unreceptive females to get away during mating.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs

Contact: Sean Bettam
University of Toronto

Public Release: 23-Jul-2013
Wayne State receives NSF grant to develop plan for field-based water research center
Wayne State University researchers announced today a $25,000 planning grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a strategic plan for a field-based water research center.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 23-Jul-2013
Nature Communications
Researchers unravel secrets of mussels' clinginess
Understanding the strength of the shellfish's underwater attachments could enable better glues and biomedical interfaces.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2013
Nature Geoscience
Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud
The East Antarctic Ice Sheet repeatedly melted back several hundred miles inland during several warming periods 3 million to 5 million years ago, according to a new study.The study shows that the East Antarctic ice sheet is vulnerable to substantial melting under temperatures that could prevail in the future.

Contact: Kevin Krajick
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2013
Green Chemistry
Carnegie Mellon-developed chemicals that break down water contaminants pass safety test
A family of molecules developed at Carnegie Mellon University to break down pollutants in water is one step closer to commercial use. Study results published online in the journal Green Chemistry show that the molecules, which are aimed at removing hazardous endocrine disruptors from water sources, aren't endocrine disruptors themselves as they proved to be non-toxic to developing zebrafish embryos.
Heinz Endowments, R.K. Mellon Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2013
PLoS One
Declining sea ice strands baby harp seals
Young harp seals off the eastern coast of Canada are at much higher risk of getting stranded than adult seals because of shrinking sea ice cover caused by recent warming in the North Atlantic, according to a Duke University study.
International Fund for Animal Welfare, Duke University Marine Laboratory

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2013
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
From obscurity to dominance: Tracking the rapid evolutionary rise of ray-finned fish
Mass extinctions, like lotteries, result in a multitude of losers and a few lucky winners. This is the story of one of the winners, a small, shell-crushing predatory fish called Fouldenia, which first appears in the fossil record a mere 11 million years after an extinction that wiped out more than 90 percent of the planet's vertebrate species.

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Jul-2013
Earth System Science Data
First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
Under the microscope, they look like they could be from another planet, but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers. To begin to identify where, when, and how much oceanic plankton can be found around the globe, international researchers have compiled the first ever global atlas cataloguing marine plankton.

Contact: Press Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 19-Jul-2013
Nature Communications
Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed -- with implications for future climate prediction.

Contact: Catherine Beswick
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK)

Public Release: 18-Jul-2013
Journal of Water and Health
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria widespread in Hudson River, study finds
The risk of catching some nasty germ in the Hudson River just started looking nastier. Disease-causing microbes have long been found swimming there, but now researchers have documented antibiotic-resistant strains in specific spots, from the Tappan Zee Bridge to lower Manhattan.
Hudson River Foundation, Wallace Foundation, Brinson Foundation, Riverkeeper, Tibor Polgar Committee

Contact: Kim Martineau
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 18-Jul-2013
NASA's 2 views of Tropical Storm Cimaron making landfall in China
Two NASA satellites provided an outside and inside look at Tropical Storm Cimaron as it was starting to make landfall in China.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 18-Jul-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Evolutionary changes could aid fisheries
Sustainable fishing practices could lead to larger fishing yields in the long run, according to a new study that models in detail how ecology and evolution affect the economics of fishing.
European Commission, Norwegian Research Council, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 18-Jul-2013
Earth System Science Data
First atlas on oceanic plankton
In an international collaborative project, scientists have recorded the times, places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide. Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill.

Contact: Dr. Meike Vogt
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 18-Jul-2013
Current Biology
European fish stocks poised for recovery
The results of a major international effort to assess the status of dozens of European fish stocks find that many of those stocks in the northeast Atlantic are being fished sustainably today and that, given time, those populations should continue to recover. The findings, reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on July 18, come as surprisingly good news amid widespread criticism that the European Union's Common Fisheries Policy is failing, the researchers say.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 17-Jul-2013
Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Southern California crustacean sand-dwellers suffering localized extinctions
Two types of small beach critters both cousins of the beloved, backyard roly-poly are suffering localized extinctions in Southern California at an alarming rate, says a new study by UC Santa Barbara scientists. As indicator species for beach biodiversity at large, their disappearance suggests a looming threat to similar sand-dwelling animals across the state and around the world.

Contact: Shelly Leachman
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 17-Jul-2013
Institute of Food Technologists 2013 Annual Meeting and Food Expo
Seafood still considered a good source of nutrients but consumers confused on safety
Seafood continues to be a proven strong nutrient-rich food providing essential vitamins, minerals and omega-3 fatty acids, but consumers and some toxicologists still keep a watchful eye on safety, according to a July 16 panel discussion at the 2013 Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting & Food Expo held at McCormick Place.

Contact: Stephanie Callahan
Institute of Food Technologists

Public Release: 17-Jul-2013
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Compound discovered at sea shows potency against anthrax
A team led by William Fenical at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego has discovered anthracimycin, a new chemical compound from an ocean microbe that could one day set the stage for new treatments for anthrax and other ailments such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1274.

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