Contact: Susan Hagen
University of Rochester
Caption: Children who experienced unreliable interactions with an experimenter waited for a mean time of three minutes and two seconds on the subsequent marshmallow task, while youngsters who experienced reliable interactions held out for 12 minutes and two seconds. Error bars show 95 percent confidence intervals, meaning that the findings statistically are highly reliable. Only one of the 14 children in the unreliable group waited the full 15 minutes, compared to nine children in the reliable condition.
Credit: University of Rochester
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