[ Back to EurekAlert! ]

Contact: Ulrich Schneider
ulrich.schneider@physik.uni-muenchen.de
49-891-733-251-890
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Temperature Boltzmann Distribution

Caption: Hot minus temperatures: At a negative absolute temperature the energy distribution of particles inverts in comparison to a positive temperature. Many particles then have a high energy and few a low one. This corresponds to a temperature which is hotter than one that is infinitely high, where the particles are distributed equally over all energies. A negative Kelvin temperature can only be achieved experimentally if the energy has an upper limit, just as non-moving particles form a lower limit for the kinetic energy at positive temperatures -- physicists at the LMU and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have now achieved this.

Credit: LMU and MPG Munich

Usage Restrictions: None

Related news release: A temperature below absolute zero


[ Back to EurekAlert! ]