Roots of Volcanism (image) University of Utah Share Print E-Mail Caption This map shows Earth's surface superimposed on a depiction of what a new University of Utah study indicates is happening 1,800 miles deep at the boundary between Earth's warm, rocky mantle and its liquid outer core. Using seismic waves the probe Earth's deep interior, seismologist Michael Thorne found evidence that two continent-sized piles of rock are colliding as they move atop the core. The merger process isn't yet complete, so there is a depression or hole between the merging piles. But in that hole, a Florida-sized blob of partly molten rock -- called a "mega ultra low velocity zone" -- is forming from the collision of smaller blobs on the edges of the continent-sized piles. Thorne believe this process is the beginning stage of massive volcanic eruptions that won't occur for another 100 million to 2100 million years. Credit Michael S. Thorne, University of Utah. Usage Restrictions None Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.