On Institutional Betrayal (image) University of Oregon Caption Doctoral student Carly P. Smith, left, and Jennifer Freyd, professor of psychology, both of the University of Oregon, have designed a new research tool for evaluating institutional betrayal. Using it, they found heightened effects of post-traumatic trauma in women reporting unwanted sexual experiences. Credit University of Oregon Usage Restrictions None Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.