Only 1 Penguin Species Lives in Africa Today (image) National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) Share Print E-Mail Caption Only one penguin species lives in Africa today -- the endangered black-footed penguin, or Spheniscus demersus. But newly found fossils confirm that as many as four penguin species coexisted on the continent in the past. Credit Photo by Daniel Thomas Usage Restrictions None Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.