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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Harmful Algae -- Alexandrium

Caption: Scientists have known for many years that the phytoplankton Alexandrium fundyense is the cause of the harmful algae blooms that occur to varying severity each spring and summer along the coastal Gulf of Maine, sometimes extending as far south as Cape Cod and the adjacent islands, and in Georges Bank. In 1990, an Alexandrium bloom caused the closure of Georges Bank to harvest of surf clams and ocean quahogs, after fishermen were sickened from eating shellfish.

Credit: Photo courtesy Don Anderson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

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Related news release: Research enables fishermen to harvest lucrative shellfish on Georges Bank

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