Contact: Val Osowski
Michigan State University
Caption: The picture is of a single swarm that evolved in the model due to predation in the presence of the predator confusion effect. If you think of each white line as a fish or bird (prey) and the red line as the predator, you can see this as a "top-down" view of the swarm if you were looking over them.
Credit: Randal Olson, Michigan State University
Usage Restrictions: Give credit to Randal Olson, Michigan State University
Related news release: Discovering 1 reason why swarming evolved offers tantalizing clues on how intelligence developed