Integrated Circuit Chip (image) Columbia University Caption This illustration shows the direct interface between an ion-channel protein and a solid-state amplifier on the surface of an integrated circuit chip. Columbia University researchers have won a $1 million Keck Award for transformational research that combines solid-state and biological components. Electrical Engineering Professor Ken Shepard is among the pioneers in the development of engineered solid-state systems interfaced to biological systems; he has developed many new techniques for interfacing CMOS integrated circuits with biological materials. Credit Columbia Engineering Usage Restrictions None Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.