Chart of Stiffness in Different Cell Types (image) University of Pennsylvania Share Print E-Mail Caption (Left) Collagen and lamin-A levels scale with cell stiffness, consistent with matching tissue stress to nuclear mechanics. (Right) Matrix stiffness in tissue culture increases cell tension and stabilizes lamin-A, regulating its own transcription and that of stress fiber genes, enhancing differentiation. RA, retinoic acid, i.e., vitamin A; RARG, YAP1, and SRF, transcription factors. Credit Joe Swift, University of Pennsylvania Usage Restrictions With Credit Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.