Bonobo (2 of 2) (image) Wildlife Conservation Society Caption Smaller than the common chimpanzee, the bonobo (formerly the pygmy chimpanzee) is losing vital habitat due to both forest fragmentation and poaching. Credit Crispin Mahamba/Wildlife Conservation Society-DRC Program. Usage Restrictions One-time usage only Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.