US-Located Companies Spent $25.3 Billion for Extramural R&D Performed by Domestic Organizations (image) National Science Foundation Share Print E-Mail Caption In 2011, US-located companies spent $25.3 billion for extramural research and development performed by domestic organizations. Pharmaceuticals manufacturing and transportation equipment manufacturing have accounted for the majority of these expenditures over the past two decades. Credit National Science Foundation Usage Restrictions None Share Print E-Mail Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.