Contact: Greg Borzo
Caption: On the left is the LB1 skull, found on the Indonesian island of Flores. It is the basis for claims that the Flores fossils represent a new species of hominid, or humanlike primate. Note, however, that this skull is very similar to the one on the right (from the Royal College of Surgeons in London) of a modern adult human who suffered from microcephaly. The close similarity between these two skulls, which are drawn to the same scale, indicates that the LB1 skull from Flores could well be that of a modern human microcephalic rather than representing a new hominid species.
Credit: Drawing by Jill Seagard, Courtesy of The Field Museum
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Related news release: Scientists scuttle claims that 'Hobbit' fossil from Flores, Indonesia, is a new hominid