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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3432.

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Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Soy may help women's hearts if they start early
A diet rich in soy may help feminine hearts, but timing matters, finds a new study published online today in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Acupuncture improves quality of life for breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors
Use of electroacupuncture (EA) produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and depression in as little as eight weeks for early stage breast cancer patients experiencing joint pain related to the use of aromatase inhibitors to treat breast cancer. The study is the first demonstration of EA's efficacy for both joint pain relief, as well as these other common symptoms.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
A blood test for suicide?
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably predict a person's risk of attempting suicide.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lauren Nelson
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Cellular Microbiology
Researchers take steps toward development of a vaccine against tick-transmitted disease
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have made an important advancement toward developing a vaccine against the debilitating and potentially deadly tick-transmitted disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis.
NIH/National Cancer Insititute, United States Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration

Contact: Sathya Achia Abraham
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Penn team makes cancer glow to improve surgical outcomes
The best way to cure most cases of cancer is to surgically remove the tumor. The Achilles heel of this approach, however, is that the surgeon may fail to extract the entire tumor, leading to a local recurrence. With a new technique, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have established a new strategy to help surgeons see the entire tumor in the patient, increasing the likelihood of a positive outcome.
American Surgical Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Brand-specific television alcohol ads predict brand consumption among underage youth
The researchers found that the relationship between consumption of a brand and advertising exposure for that brand was significant, and that the relationship was strongest at lower levels of exposure. Their results held even after controlling for other factors influencing youth drinking, such as their parents' drinking, whether the youth chose the brand themselves, the brand's average price, and the popularity of the brand among adults.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Alicia Samuels
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Team studies the social origins of intelligence in the brain
By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, scientists are tackling -- and beginning to answer -- longstanding questions about how the brain works. The researchers found that brain regions that contribute to optimal social functioning also are vital to general intelligence and to emotional intelligence. This finding bolsters the view that general intelligence emerges from the emotional and social context of one's life.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Continuing the quest for better stroke therapies
Helping people recover from the debilitating effects of a stroke is an immensely complex challenge that requires deep knowledge of neurophysiology as well as effective therapy. Advancing such knowledge to improve therapeutic options and outcomes has been the primary focus of research by Sergei Adamovich, associate professor of biomedical engineering, since he joined the NJIT faculty more than a decade ago.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tanya Klein
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
A new brain-based marker of stress susceptibility
Some people handle stressful situations better than others, and it's not all in their genes: Even identical twins show differences in how they respond to adversity. Researchers have identified an electrical pattern in the brains of genetically identical mice that predicts how well individual animals will fare in stressful situations. The results may eventually help researchers prevent a range of mental illnesses that have been linked with stress.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, International Mental Health Research Organization RSA, BBRF Sidney R. Baer Jr. Research Prize, Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
University of Maryland Schools of Dentistry and Medicine receive NIH grant
The University of Maryland Schools of Dentistry and Medicine jointly announced today that they have received a five-year $10.7 million grant award from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to study the causes, prevention and treatment of sexually-transmitted diseases. The grant represents a new direction for the research by studying chlamydial and gonorrheal diseases as the outcome of complex interactions between the host genetics, the urogenital polymicrobial microbiome, and the pathogen's unique genetics.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Christopher Hardwick
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
23andMe scientists receive approximately $1.4 million in funding from National Institutes of Health
23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, has received from the National Institutes of Health a grant totaling $1,367,504 for a two-year project to support the further development of 23andMe's web-based database and research engine for genetic discovery.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Afarian
23andMe Inc.

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Healthy lifestyle may buffer against stress-related cell aging, study says
A new study from UC San Francisco is the first to show that while the impact of life's stressors accumulate overtime and accelerate cellular aging, these negative effects may be reduced by maintaining a healthy diet, exercising and sleeping well.
Baumann Foundation, Barney & Barbro Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
PLOS Biology
'Killer sperm' prevents mating between worm species
Most cross-species mating is merely unsuccessful in producing offspring. However, when researchers at the University of Maryland and the University of Toronto mated Caenorhabditis worms of different species, they found that the lifespan of the female worms and their number of progeny were drastically reduced compared with females that mated with the same species. In addition, females that survived cross-species mating were often sterile, even if they subsequently mated with their own species.
National Institutes of Health, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Cerebral Cortex
Autistic brain less flexible at taking on tasks, Stanford study shows
The brains of children with autism are relatively inflexible at switching from rest to task performance, according to a new brain-imaging study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.
International Society for Autism Research, Singer Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin Digitale
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Stem cell advance may increase efficiency of tissue regeneration
A new stem-cell discovery might one day lead to a more streamlined process for obtaining stem cells, which in turn could be used in the development of replacement tissue for failing body parts, according to UC San Francisco scientists.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, UCSF Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Sontag Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Forced mutations doom HIV
A new study from MIT researchers reveals how a potential HIV drug exacts its toll on viral populations.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laser Biomedical Research Center

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Stimulation of brain region restores consciousness to animals under general anesthesia
Stimulating the ventral tegmental area, one of two dopamine-producing regions in the brain, was able to arouse animals receiving general anesthesia with either isoflurane or propofol. The same effect did not result from stimulation of the substantia nigra.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Glucose 'control switch' in the brain key to both types of diabetes
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism in part of the brain that is key to sensing glucose levels in the blood, linking it to both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The findings are published in the July 28 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Strategies identified to improve oral contraceptive success with obese women
The findings of a new study suggest two ways to effectively address the problem that birth control pills may not work as well in obese women, compared to women of a normal body mass index. Either a higher-dose pill or skipping the 'one week off' regimen might work.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ganesh Cherala
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Annals of Neurology
Researchers identify potential biomarker for AD
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine report variants in a new gene, PLXNA4, which may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. The discovery of this novel genetic association may lead to new drug treatment options that target PLXNA4 specifically. These findings appear in the Annals of Neurology.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer Association, Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Florida scientists find genetic mutations linked to salivary gland tumors
Research conducted at the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has discovered links between a set of genes known to promote tumor growth and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, an oral cancer that affects the salivary glands. The discovery could help physicians develop new treatments that target the cancer's underlying genetic causes.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, PGA National WCAD Cancer Research Fellowship, Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award, Margaret Q. Landerberger Research Foundation, Swiss National Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Unhealthy habits more than double risk of metabolic syndrome in childhood cancer survivors
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study found that 73 percent of adult survivors of childhood cancer more than doubled their risk of developing metabolic syndrome and related health problems by failing to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University today announced that its human 'Organs-on-Chips' technology will be commercialized by a newly formed private company to accelerate development of pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic, and personalized medicine products.
Harvard's Wyss Institute, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Food and Drug Administration

Contact: Mary Tolikas
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Perspectives on Psychological Science
Motivation explains disconnect between testing and real-life functioning for seniors
A psychology researcher at North Carolina State University is proposing a new theory to explain why older adults show declining cognitive ability with age, but don't necessarily show declines in the workplace or daily life. One key appears to be how motivated older adults are to maintain focus on cognitive tasks.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cell's recycling center implicated in division decisions
Most cells do not divide unless there is enough oxygen present to support their offspring, but certain cancer cells and other cell types circumvent this rule. Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University have now identified a mechanism that overrides the cells' warning signals, enabling cancers to continue to divide even without a robust blood supply. In the process, the researchers found that lysosomes -- the cell's protein 'recycling centers' -- help govern cell division decisions.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3432.

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