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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3716.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 27-May-2015
When children with autism grow old
In the public consciousness, autism spectrum disorder only affects children. In truth, ASD is a lifelong condition. But how it affects older adults is a gaping unknown in autism research. Now, a new and significant grant from the National Institutes of Health will help researchers at San Diego State University understand how the disorder plays out across the lifespan.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Natalia Elko
San Diego State University

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Genes & Development
Scientists identify origins of process that is key to diabetes
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation scientists have pinpointed a cell that begins the process of scarring in fatty tissue. The findings cast new light on a biological process that occurs with obesity and can lead to diabetes. The new research appears in the June 1 issue of the journal Genes & Development.
National Institutes of Health, Oklahoma Center for Adult Stem Cell Research, Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Shari Hawkins
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Motivation and Emotion
Friendships start better with a smile
If you want to strike up a new relationship, simply smile. It works because people are much more attuned to positive emotions when forming new bonds than they are to negative ones. Don't try to fake it, however, because people can recognize a sincere smile a mile away. This is according to a study that sheds light on how relationships are formed and maintained. The findings are published in Springer's journal Motivation and Emotion.
National Science Foundation, Graduate Opportunity Fellowship at UCBerkeley, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 26-May-2015
MCW researcher to study gene therapies for hemophilia
A researcher at the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) has received a four-year, $1.5 million dollar grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to continue her study of blood platelet gene therapies for hemophilia A, a genetic bleeding disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maureen Mack
Medical College of Wisconsin

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Clinical trial reduces stress of cancer caregivers
A randomized control trial funded by the National Cancer Institute by members of the University of Colorado Cancer Center, published in the journal Bone Marrow Transplantation, demonstrates an intervention that successfully reduces the stress of caregivers in the context of cancer patients treated with stem cell transplantation.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Penn study links better 'good cholesterol' function with lower risk of later heart disease
HDL, the 'good cholesterol' helps remove fat from artery walls, reversing the process that leads to heart disease. Yet recent drug trials and genetic studies suggest that pushing HDL levels higher doesn't reduce the risk of heart disease. Now, an epidemiological study shows that a person's HDL function -- the efficiency of HDL molecules at removing cholesterol -- may be a better measure of coronary heart disease risk and target for heart-protecting drugs.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, UK Medical Research Council, Cancer Research UK

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Study identifies possible role for carbon monoxide in treating hemorrhagic stroke
Carbon monoxide is often associated with brain injury and other neurological symptoms. Now, a new study finds that when administered ins small, carefully controlled amounts, CO may actually protect the brain from damage following hemorrhagic stroke.
National Institutes of Health, German Research Foundation, Julie Henry Fund, Transplant Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Journal of Nutrition
Measuring arm circumference is a more reliable indicator of malnutrition
The World Health Organization's current weight-based guidelines for assessing malnutrition in children with diarrhea are not as reliable as measuring the child's upper arm circumference.
NIH/Fogarty International Center, University Emergency Medicine Foundation

Contact: Beth Bailey

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Pitt team IDs two new, very large classes of RNAs linked to cancer biomarker
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have identified two new classes of RNAs that are closely associated with a protein known to be a prognostic biomarker for breast cancer and could play a role in progression of prostate cancer. Their findings were published in June issue of the scientific journal RNA
Mathers Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the European Research Council, Bavarian Genome Research Network

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-May-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
Hospice use linked to fewer depressive symptoms for surviving spouses
Spouses of patients receiving hospice for three or more days more frequently reported reduced depression symptoms, compared to surviving spouses of patients who did not receive hospice.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Palliative Care Research Center, American Federation for Aging Research, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Sasha Walek
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-May-2015
PLOS Medicine
Dietary Guidelines for Americans linked to lower death rates in population in southeast US
In a low-income population from the southeastern US, higher adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans was linked with 14-23 percent lower mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other diseases, according to a study published by Wei Zheng and colleagues from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, USA, in this week's PLOS Medicine.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: PLOS Medicine

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Study identifies Ebola virus's Achilles' heel
An international team including scientists from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases has identified the molecular 'lock' that the deadly Ebola virus must pick to gain entry to cells. The findings, made in mice, suggest that drugs blocking entry to this lock could protect against Ebola infection. The study was published in today's edition of the online journal mBio.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Dana's Angels Research Trust

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Obese male mice produce more disease-promoting immune cells than females
Obesity may be tougher on male immune systems than females'.
American Diabetes Association, National Institutes of Health, Department of Pediatrics Janette Ferrantino Investigator Award, American Heart Association

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Soy supplements don't improve asthma
Despite previous findings suggesting a link between soy intake and decreased asthma severity, a new placebo-controlled study shows soy supplements do not improve lung function for patients with asthma. The paper highlights the importance of focusing on overall health -- not just one food -- to manage disease and the importance of performing well-designed studies.
National Institutes of Health, American Lung Association

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging
Moderate drinking in later years may damage heart
Moderate to heavy alcohol intake later in life may be associated with subtle changes in the structure and efficiency of the heart. Women may be particularly vulnerable to negative cardiac effects of alcohol at moderate to higher levels of consumption.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Akeem Ranmal
American Heart Association

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Developmental Cell
Tiny heart, big promise
Studying zebrafish, investigators at The Saban Research Institute and the Heart Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles discovered a new source for cells that can develop into coronary vessels and have identified the signaling protein, a chemokine called CXCL12, which guides this process.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Saban Research Institute, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 25-May-2015
ACS Nano
Nanotechnology identifies brain tumor types through MRI 'virtual biopsy' in animal studies
Biomedical researchers at Cedars-Sinai have invented a tiny drug-delivery system that can identify cancer cell types in the brain through 'virtual biopsies' and then attack the molecular structure of the disease.
National Institutes of Health, Arrogene Inc. and Martz Translational Breast Cancer Research Fund, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sandy Van
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Nature Cell Biology
Complex signaling between blood and stem cells controls regeneration in fly gut
Having a healthy gut may well depend on maintaining a complex signaling dance between immune cells and the stem cells that line the intestine. Scientists report significant new insight into how these interactions control intestinal regeneration after an infection. It's a dance that ensures repair after a challenge, but that also goes awry in aging fruit flies. The work offers important new clues into possible causes of age-related human maladies, including IBS and colorectal cancer.
NIH/National Institute on General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Age Research

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study suggests new way of preventing diabetes-associated blindness
Reporting on their study with lab-grown human cells, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland say that blocking a second blood vessel growth protein, along with one that is already well-known, could offer a new way to treat and prevent a blinding eye disease caused by diabetes. A summary of the study appears online May 25 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness, William and Ella Owens Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 22-May-2015
Cell Reports
Measles-flu comparison yields insights for vaccine design
By comparing flu viruses to the virus that causes measles, researchers fine-tuned a tool that may enable faster vaccine design.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Williams
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Subconscious learning shapes pain responses
In a new study led from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet, researchers report that people can be conditioned to associate images with particular pain responses - such as improved tolerance to pain -- even when they are not consciously aware of the images.
Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at Karolinska Institutet, NIH/National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Contact: KI Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 22-May-2015
International Journal of Epidemiology
Faster heart rate linked to diabetes risk
An association between resting heart rate and diabetes suggests that heart rate measures could identify individuals with a higher future risk of diabetes, according to an international team of researchers.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Stem Cell Reports
Human stem cell model reveals molecular cues critical to neurovascular unit formation
Using human embryonic stem cells, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center and Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute created a model that allows them to track cellular behavior during the earliest stages of human development in real-time. The model reveals, for the first time, how autonomic neurons and blood vessels come together to form the neurovascular unit.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn researchers show that mental 'map' and 'compass' are two separate systems
In a new study in mice, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that mental 'map' and 'compass' systems work independently. A cue that unambiguously provided both types of information allowed the mice to determine their location but not the direction they were facing.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Beyond average
Two separate research teams have developed high-throughput techniques to quickly, easily and inexpensively give every individual cell in a sample a unique genetic barcode.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David J Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3716.

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