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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3569.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
High-dose flu vaccine superior for frail elderly living in long-term care facilities
The high-dose flu vaccine is significantly better than the regular flu shot at boosting the immune response to the flu virus in frail, older residents of long-term care facilities, according to the results of a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study. It is the first evaluation of the vaccine in long-term care residents, which is the population most vulnerable to flu-related death.
Sanofi Pasteur, University of Pittsburgh Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center/National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Environmental Health Perspectives
Fine particulate air pollution linked with increased autism risk
Women exposed to high levels of fine particulate matter specifically during pregnancy -- particularly during the third trimester -- may face up to twice the risk of having a child with autism than mothers living in areas with low particulate matter, according to a study from Harvard School of Public Health. The greater the exposure, the greater the risk, researchers found. It was the first US-wide study exploring the link between airborne particulate matter and autism.
Environment and Health Fund, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, Autism Speaks Foundation

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Child Development
Early caregiving experiences have long-term effects on social relationships, achievement
A new study has found that sensitive caregiving in the first three years of life predicts an individual's social competence and academic achievement, not only during childhood and adolescence, but into adulthood. The study used information from 243 individuals who were born into poverty, came from a range of racial/ethnic backgrounds, and had been followed from birth to age 32 as part of the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaption
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Minnesota

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Child Development
The quality of parent-infant relationships and early childhood shyness predict teen anxiety
Social anxiety is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents. A new study has found that together, the quality of parent-infant relationships and early childhood shyness predict the likelihood of social anxiety in adolescence. In this longitudinal study, researchers studied 165 European-American, middle- to upper-middle-class adolescents who were recruited as infants.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
American Journal of Pathology
How does prostate cancer form?
The cause of prostate cancer may be linked to Parkinson's disease through a common enzyme.
National Institutes of Health, China Scholarship Foundation, Pennsylvania Department of Health

Contact: Edyta Zielinska
edyta.zielinska@jefferson.edu
215-955-5291
Thomas Jefferson University

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Health coaching paired with gym membership works best for obese people with mental illness
A health promotion program, called In SHAPE, designed for people with serious mental illness, produced more fit participants and significant weight loss than a control group where participants only received a gym membership. The results of a randomized clinical trial, published in the Dec. 12 American Journal of Psychiatry, Dr. Stephen Bartels of Dartmouth and colleagues showed that more than half the participants in the In SHAPE group achieved clinically significant reduction in cardiovascular risk.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Annmarie Christensen
Annmarie.Christensen@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-0897
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
'Sugar-coated' microcapsule eliminates toxic punch of experimental anti-cancer drug
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a sugar-based molecular microcapsule that eliminates the toxicity of an anticancer agent developed a decade ago at Johns Hopkins, called 3-bromopyruvate, or 3BrPA, in studies of mice with implants of human pancreatic cancer tissue. The encapsulated drug packed a potent anticancer punch, stopping the progression of tumors in the mice, but without the usual toxic effects.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Rolf W. Gunther Foundation for Radiological Science, American Cancer Society, Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research, Lustgarten Foundation

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Cancer Research
Researcher to cancer: 'Resistance will be futile'
Turning the tables, Katherine Borden at the University of Montreal's Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer has evoked Star Trek's Borg in her fight against the disease.
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, Canada Research Chair in Molecular Biology of the Cell Nucleus, Cole Foundation, National Council for Scientific Research Lebanon, Pharmascience

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Emerging Microbes & Infections
Study identifies 53 approved drugs that may block Ebola infection
Researchers found 53 existing drugs that may keep the Ebola virus from entering human cells, a key step in the process of infection.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Greg Williams
grwilliams@chpnet.org
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Diabetes
Genetic variations associated with traits underlying type 2 diabetes in Mexican-Americans
While people of Mexican ancestry are nearly twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as people of European heritage, the majority of research in this area has focused on those of European origin.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Marguerite Beck
marbeck@wakehealth.edu
336-716-2415
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Cell Cycle
Orphan receptor proteins deliver 2 knock-out punches to glioblastoma cells
Two related proteins exert a lethal double whammy effect against glioblastoma cells when activated with a small molecule. Scientists say when activated, one protein, called the short form, stops glioblastoma cells from replicating their DNA, and the other, called the long form, prevents cell division if the DNA has already been replicated.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New Notre Dame paper offers novel insights into pathogen behavior
A new study by a team of researchers that includes University of Notre Dame scientists Joshua Shrout and Mark Alber provides new insights into the behavior of an important bacterial pathogen.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joshua Shrout
Joshua.Shrout@nd.edu
574-631-1726
University of Notre Dame

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Journal of American Chemical Society
A new strategy for developing drugs to fight cancer and other diseases
Promising treatments known as biologics are on the market and under development for many serious illnesses such as cancer, but some of them come with high risks, even lethal ones. Now scientists have produced a novel class of molecules that could be as effective but without the dangerous side effects. They report their work on these compounds, which they tested on prostate cancer cells, in ACS' Journal of the American Chemical Society.
National Institutes of Health, Bristol-Myers Squibb

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Psychological Science
Hugs help protect against stress and infection, say Carnegie Mellon researchers
Carnegie Mellon University researchers tested whether hugs act as a form of social support, protecting stressed people from getting sick. Published in Psychological Science, they found that greater social support and more frequent hugs protected people from the increased susceptibility to infection associated with being stressed and resulted in less severe illness symptoms.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-260-0675
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Nature
Multiple allergic reactions traced to single protein
Johns Hopkins and University of Alberta researchers have identified a single protein as the root of painful and dangerous allergic reactions to a range of medications and other substances. If a new drug can be found that targets the problematic protein, they say, it could help smooth treatment for patients with conditions ranging from prostate cancer to diabetes to HIV. Their results appear in the journal Nature on Dec. 17.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Neuron
Certainty in our choices often a matter of time, researchers find
When faced with making choices, but lack sufficient evidence to guarantee success, our brain uses elapsed time as a proxy for task difficulty to calculate how confident we should be, a team of neuroscientists has found. Their findings help untangle the different factors that contribute to the decision-making process.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Eye Institute, Sloan Research Fellowship, Simons Collaboration on the Global Brain

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Nature
Scientists open new frontier of vast chemical 'space'
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a powerful and extraordinarily robust method for joining complex organic molecules that can be used to make pharmaceuticals, fabrics, dyes, plastics and other materials previously inaccessible to chemists.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
High fitness level reduces chance of developing hypertension
People who performed at the highest fitness levels on a stress test were projected to have a 20 percent less chance of developing high blood pressure over five years.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Maaggie Francis
maggie.francis@heart.org
214-706-1382
American Heart Association

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Lancet HIV
Combining social media and behavioral psychology could lead to more HIV testing
UCLA research suggests that social media such as Twitter and Facebook, combined with behavioral psychology, could be a valuable tool in the fight against AIDS by prompting high-risk individuals to be tested.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UCLA AIDS Institute and Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
mBio
Microbiome may have shaped early human populations
Vanderbilt mathematician Glenn Webb and NYU microbiologist Martin Blaser propose that the microbes which live on our bodies may have influenced the age structure of human populations in prehistoric times.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Diane Belfer Program in Human Microbial Ecology

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Big-data analysis reveals gene sharing in mice
Rice University scientists have detected at least three potential hybridization events that likely shaped the evolutionary paths of 'old world' mice, two in recent times and one in the ancient past.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Library of Medicine, National Science Foundation, Keck Center of the Gulf Coast Consortia

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6728
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
UTSA engineers receive $1.08 million NIH grant to advance breast cancer research
The National Institutes of Health recently awarded a $1.08 million grant to the University of Texas at San Antonio to combine computational modeling with biological information to advance our understanding of what may cause breast cells to become cancerous.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: KC Gonzalez
kc.gonzalez@utsa.edu
210-458-7555
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bacterial 'bunches' linked to some colorectal cancers
Researchers from Johns Hopkins have found that dense mats of interacting bacteria, called biofilms, were present in the majority of cancers and polyps, particularly those on the right side of the colon. The presence of these bacterial bunches, they say, may represent an increased risk for colon cancer and could form the basis of new diagnostic tests.
National Institutes of Health, Alexander and Margaret Stewart Trust, American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Merieux Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Study hints at antioxidant treatment for high blood pressure
High blood pressure affects more than 70 million Americans and is a major risk factor for stroke, heart failure and other renal and cardiovascular diseases. Funded by a $1.3 million National Institutes of Health grant, University of Houston College of Pharmacy researchers are examining the role of intrinsic antioxidant pathways in mitigating hypertension.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Lisa Merkl
lkmerkl@uh.edu
713-743-8192
University of Houston

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Molecular Medicine
Amount of mitochondrial DNA predicts frailty and mortality
New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA, mtDNA, found in peoples' blood directly relates to how frail they are medically. This DNA may prove to be a useful predictor of overall risk of frailty and death from any cause 10 to 15 years before symptoms appear.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 1-25 out of 3569.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

     
   

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