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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Safe spaces play important role in community-based HIV prevention, research finds
The creation and sustainment of 'safe spaces' may play a critical role in community-based HIV prevention efforts by providing social support and reducing environmental barriers for vulnerable populations, a new study from an Oregon State University researcher has found.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jonathan Garcia
Oregon State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
RNA-based drugs give more control over gene editing
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine demonstrate a commercially feasible way to use RNA to turn the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system on and off as desired -- permanently editing a gene, but only temporarily activating CRISPR-Cas9. The study is published Nov. 16 by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Chemical Science
Brushing up peptides boosts their potential as drugs
Peptides promise to be useful drugs, but they're too easily digested and can't get into cells without help. Chemists at UC San Diego now show that peptides can be protected from digestion and delivered into cells without changing their biological function by rearranging them into dense brushes.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, American Cancer Society, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Group Health's lifesaving approach to screening for colon cancer steps forward
Mailing yearly stool kits -- an alternative to the often-dreaded colonoscopy -- has helped Group Health to boost rates of lifesaving screening for colon cancer, according to new research from Group Health Research Institute. Mailing an easy-to-use at-home stool kit to test more than 1,000 patients boosted the screening rate from less than four in 10, to more than half of these hard-to-reach patients, who had never had a colonoscopy and were overdue for screening.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nano Letters
Rice makes light-driven nanosubmarine
Rice University scientists build nanoscale submarines powered by light.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, North Carolina State University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Study finds surprising links between bullying and eating disorders
Being bullied in childhood has been associated with increased risk for anxiety, depression and even eating disorders. But according to new research, it's not only the victims who could be at risk psychologically, but also the bullies themselves.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, William T. Grant Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Study sheds light on why parasite makes TB infections worse
Scientists have shown how a parasitic worm infection common in the developing world increases susceptibility to tuberculosis. Treating the parasite reduces lung damage seen in mice that also are infected with tuberculosis. The study also raises the possibility of using inexpensive and widely available anti-parasitic drugs as a preventive measure in places where the parasite and TB are common -- stopping infection with the parasite and reducing susceptibility to TB and the risk of a latent TB infection progressing to disease.
Washington University in St. Louis, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, National Institutes of Health, American Lung Association, University of Rochester

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Allen Institute researchers decode patterns that make our brains human
The human brain may be the most complex piece of organized matter in the known universe, but Allen Institute researchers have begun to unravel the genetic code underlying its function. Research published this month in Nature Neuroscience identified a surprisingly small set of molecular patterns that dominate gene expression in the human brain and appear common to all individuals, providing key insights into the core of the genetic code that makes our brains distinctly human.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Rob Piercy
Allen Institute

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Moderate coffee drinking may lower risk of premature death
People who drink about three to five cups of coffee a day may be less likely to die prematurely from some illnesses than those who don't drink or drink less coffee, according to a new study by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers and colleagues.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nature Medicine
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a stem cell disease
For nearly 20 years, scientists have thought that the muscle weakness observed in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is primarily due to problems in their muscle fibers, but new research published in Nature Medicine shows that it is also due to intrinsic defects in muscle stem cells. Muscle stem cells that lack the dystrophin gene can't sense their orientation and produce ten-fold fewer muscle precursor cells, which in-turn generate fewer functional muscle fibers.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Muscular Dystrophy Canada, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Stem Cell Network, Canada Research Chairs, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation

Contact: Jennifer Ganton
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Marijuana dependence influenced by genes, childhood sexual abuse
Genetic variation within the endocannabinoid system may explain why some survivors of childhood adversity go on to become dependent on marijuana, while others are able to use marijuana without problems, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, and others

Contact: Ryan Bogdan
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 15-Nov-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Child with drug-resistant TB successfully treated at Johns Hopkins Children's Center
Johns Hopkins Children's Center specialists report they have successfully treated and put in remission a 2-year-old, now age 5, with a highly virulent form of tuberculosis known as XDR TB, or extensively drug-resistant TB.
NIH Director's Transformative Research Award, NIH Director's New Innovator Award, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Taylor Graham
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Journal of Biomedical Optics
New microscopy technology may help surgeons save more lives
Biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons at the University of Arizona develop augmented microscopy technology to help surgeons operate with greater precision and reduced risk of harming patients.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Pete Brown
University of Arizona College of Engineering

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Scientists sniff out female mouse scents that make males frisky
Scientists have identified two chemical scents in the urine of female mice that arouse sexual behavior in males, a discovery that shines a spotlight on how mouse pheromones control behavior.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Global maternal mortality fell 44 percent since 1990: UN group, UMass statistician
In the study, lead authors Alkema and World Health Organization (WHO) medical officer Dr. Doris Chou, with colleagues in the UN interagency group made up of WHO, UNICEF, UN Population Fund, World Bank Group and the UN Population Division, analyzed levels and trends in maternal mortality in 183 countries and found that the maternal mortality ratio declined from 385 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 216 in 2015.
National University of Singapore, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, US Agency for International Development, US Human Rights Program, and others

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3-D printing aids in understanding food enjoyment
Tasting food relies on food volatiles moving from the back of the mouth to the nasal cavity, but researchers have wondered why airflow doesn't carry them in the other direction, into the lungs. Now a team of engineers, using a 3-D printed model of the human airway from nostril to trachea, has determined that the shape of the airway preferentially transfers volatiles to the nasal cavity and allows humans to enjoy the smell of good food.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Journal of Pediatrics
Device-assisted feeding and poor growth in newborns with CHD may lead to poor neurodevelopment
Newborns with a congenital heart defect often need advanced medical care to survive, leaving them vulnerable to cognitive delays. Various factors contribute to these delays. But what role does proper growth and feeding mode at the beginning of life play? A research team -- led Penn Nursing -- found that newborns (up to three months) with poor growth and CHD, who required device-assisted feeding, were at an increased risk for neurodevelopmental delays at six and 12 months.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Ed Federico
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
AACR Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved
Healthy diet may reduce risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women
A healthy diet may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, according to data presented at the Eighth American Association for Cancer Research Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov. 13-16.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lauren Riley
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
AACR Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved
New model helps predict breast cancer risk in Hispanic women
The first breast cancer risk-prediction model based entirely on data from Hispanic women, including whether a woman was born in or outside of the United States, provided a more accurate assessment of Hispanic women's risk of developing breast cancer compared with existing models based on data from non-Hispanic women, according to a study presented at the AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov. 13-16.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lauren Riley
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
American Academy of Ophthalmology Annual Meeting 2015
Lucentis proves effective against proliferative diabetic retinopathy
A clinical trial among more than 300 patients has found that the drug ranibizumab (Lucentis) is highly effective in treating proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), a complication of diabetes that can severely damage eyesight.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Jeff Bright
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New information about bacterial enzymes to help scientists develop more effective antibiotics, cancer drugs
New research from Argonne, Scripps Research Institute and Rice University now allows researchers to manipulate nature's biosynthetic machinery to produce more effective antibiotics and cancer-fighting drugs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
In new study, Illinois scientists trace activity of cancer-fighting tomato component
Years of research in University of Illinois scientist John Erdman's laboratory have demonstrated that lycopene, the bioactive red pigment found in tomatoes, reduces growth of prostate tumors in a variety of animal models. 'Now our team has learned to grow tomato plants in suspension culture that produce lycopene molecules with a heavier molecular weight. We can trace lycopene's activity in the body,' said John W. Erdman Jr., a U of I professor of nutrition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Journal of NeuroOncology
TGen identifies drug that could limit the spread of deadly brain tumors
In a significant breakthrough, the Translational Genomics Research Institute has identified a drug, propentofylline or PPF, that could help treat patients with deadly brain cancer. In a study published today in the Journal of NeuroOncology, TGen researchers report that PPF works to limit the spread of glioblastoma multiforme, or GBM -- the most common primary tumor of the brain and central nervous system -- by targeting a protein called TROY.
Ben & Catherine Ivy Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Alzheimer's Disease and Associated Disorders
Regenstrief, IU study: Seniors with dementia make more emergency department visits
Older adults with dementia are more frequent visitors to emergency departments, returning at higher rates and incurring greater costs than older adults without dementia, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Aging Research.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Modeling the promise and peril of gene drive
A new report from recently published in the journal GENETICS builds on recent experimental work being carried out in gene drive using mathematical models to estimate how quickly such gene replacement can spread through a population, finding that genes can be fixed in a population quite quickly.
National Institutes of Health, Australian Research Council

Contact: Adam P. Fagen
Genetics Society of America

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>


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