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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3668.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
X-ray ptychography, fluorescence microscopy combo sheds new light on trace elements
Scientists have developed a new approach that combines ptychographic X-ray imaging and fluorescence microscopy to study the important role trace elements play in biological functions on hydrated cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Tona Kunz
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Babies exposed to narcotic pain relievers more likely to experience withdrawal
Neonatal abstinence syndrome, a drug withdrawal syndrome in infants following birth, has historically been associated with illicit drug use among pregnant women.
Tennessee State Department of Health, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Spinal surgery: Right on target
Because the spine is made up of repeating elements that look alike, surgeons can mistakenly operate on the wrong vertebra. To avoid this, Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a software program that works seamlessly with currently available procedures to assist a surgeon's determination of which vertebra is which. Results from its first clinical evaluation show that the LevelCheck software achieves 100 percent accuracy in just 26 seconds.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Siemens Healthcare

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
British Journal of Cancer
Study finds testicular cancer link for muscle-building supplements
A new study associates taking muscle-building supplements with an increased risk of testicular cancer. Men who used such pills and powders were more likely to have developed testicular cancer than those who did not, especially if they started before age 25, took more than one supplement, or used the supplements for three or more years.
National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing Natural Science Foundation, Beijing Nova Program

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular signature for outcomes of triple negative breast cancer
Compared to other types of breast cancer, triple negative breast cancers are often more aggressive and have fewer treatment options. In a new study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute and the University of Utah have identified a molecular mechanism that triple negative breast cancer cells use to survive and grow.
National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Foundation, Cancer Center Support Grant, China Scholarship Council Grant

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Nature Neuroscience
How deep-brain stimulation reshapes neural circuits in Parkinson's disease
UC San Francisco scientists have discovered a possible mechanism for how deep-brain stimulation, a widely used treatment for movement disorders, exerts its therapeutic effects.
Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
One type of airway cell can regenerate another lung cell type
There's a new way that lung tissue can regenerate after injury, showing that lung tissue has more dexterity in repairing tissue than once thought. These aren't classic stem cells regenerating the lung, but are mature lung cells that awaken in response to injury.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH Lung Repair and Regeneration Consortium, Cotswold Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pitt cancer virology team reveals new pathway that controls how cells make proteins
A serendipitous combination of technology and scientific discovery, coupled with a hunch, allowed University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute researchers to reveal a previously invisible biological process that may be implicated in the rapid growth of some cancers.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Smartphone-based device could provide rapid, low-cost molecular tumor diagnosis
A device developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may bring rapid, accurate molecular diagnosis of tumors and other diseases to locations lacking the latest medical technology.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
Recruiting participants for research: Simple explanations, queries from doctors are best
While a debate was raging between scientists and government regulators on how best to explain to patients the risks of participating in clinical research studies that compare standardized treatments, a team of bioethicists boldly went where no experts had gone before -- to the public. What the respondents said surprised them: Keep it simple, but always ask permission.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, University of Washington, Stanford Center for Clinical and Translational Research

Contact: Kris Newby
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
U-M researchers find new gene involved in blood-forming stem cells
Research led by the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute has identified a gene critical to controlling the body's ability to create blood cells and immune cells from blood-forming stem cells -- known as hematopoietic stem cells.
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Research Foundation, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, D. Dan and Betty Kahn Foundation, National Institutes of Health, University of Michigan Medical Scientist Training Program, Center for Organogenesis, and others

Contact: Ian Demsky
University of Michigan

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Trends in Molecular Medicine
Certain genes might make some people more prone to experience the placebo effect
Researchers are beginning to explore whether the genetics of patients who experience a placebo effect are different from those of patients who don't. It's known that people can feel better if they believe they are receiving treatment, but the biological pathways involved are relatively unexplored. In Trends in Molecular Medicine, scientists discuss what we know as well as possible ethical issues related to conducting genetic tests to determine whether a patient is a placebo responder.
National Institutes of Health, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
Researchers define role of Tmem231 in maintaining ciliary function
Researchers reveal how a protein linked to Meckel syndrome and other human diseases regulates the membrane composition of cilia, finger-like projections on the surface of cells that communicate signals.
Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale, March of Dimes, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, College Scientists Foundation, National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Multiple Sclerosis Journal
MS researchers at Kessler Foundation study processing speed impact on cognitive training
Kessler Foundation researchers published a subanalysis of their MEMREHAB trial, which shows that treatment with the modified Story Memory Technique© (mSMT) may be affected by processing speed. mSMT is a 10-session cognitive intervention protocol shown to improve new learning and memory in individuals with MS. The influence of cognitive dysfunction on benefit from learning and memory rehabilitation in MS: A subanalysis of the MEMREHAB trial, was published in Multiple Sclerosis Journal.
National Institutes of Health, Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Basis established for nitric oxide joining oxygen and carbon dioxide in respiratory cycle
Professor Jonathan Stamler's latest findings regarding nitric oxide have the potential to reshape fundamentally the way we think about the respiratory system -- and offer new avenues to save lives. Recently published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Stamler and colleagues demonstrate that nitric oxide is essential for the delivery of oxygen to the cells and tissues that need it.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, UH Case Medical Center

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Editing HIV out of our genome with CRISPR
In an attempt to render latent HIV completely harmless, researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School are using Cas9/CRISPR, a powerful gene editing tool, to develop a novel technology that can potentially cut the DNA of the latent virus out of an infected cell.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jim Fessenden
University of Massachusetts Medical School

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Developmental Cell
Golgi trafficking controlled by G-proteins
A family of proteins called G proteins are a recognized component of the communication system the human body uses to sense hormones and other chemicals in the bloodstream and to send messages to cells. In work that further illuminates how cells work, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a new role for G proteins that may have relevance to halting solid tumor cancer metastasis.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Council of Taiwan, and American Heart Association

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Microbes help produce serotonin in gut
Although serotonin is well known as a brain neurotransmitter, it is estimated that 90 percent of the body's serotonin is made in the digestive tract. In fact, altered levels of this peripheral serotonin has been linked to diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis. New research at Caltech, published in the April 9 issue of Cell, shows that certain bacteria in the gut are important for the production of peripheral serotonin.
National Institutes of Health, Caltech Center for Environmental Microbial Interactions Award, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Choice of protein and carbohydrate-rich foods may have big effects on long-term weight gain
Small changes to the types of protein- and carbohydrate-rich foods that we eat may have a large impact on preventing long-term weight gain. The study led by Tufts University researchers also suggests that changes in refined carbohydrates can enhance -- or offset -- the weight-gain or weight-loss effects of certain protein-rich foods.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Signal variability and cognitive performance in the aging human brain
Researchers in the Lifelong Brain and Cognition Lab at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois have utilized the magnetic resonance imaging facilities available in Beckman's Biomedical Imaging Center to measure the moment-to-moment variability in brain activity, more specifically in the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Abbott Nutrition through the Center of Nutrition, Learning and Memory at the University of Illinois

Contact: Maeve Reilly
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
New evidence supports success of fecal transplants in treatment of Clostridium difficile infection
Research published in the open access journal Microbiome offers new evidence for the success of fecal microbial transplantation in treating severe Clostridium difficile infection, a growing problem worldwide that leads to thousands of fatalities every year.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Michael Winikoff
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Texas Biomed scientist receives up to $2.36 million NIH grant over 5 years to study new virus detection
Scientists at Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio are receiving funding from the National Institutes of Health in the form of a $2.36 million R01 grant over the next five years to focus efforts on exploring and developing a novel mechanism of Filovirus detection -- using llama antibodies.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Contact: Lisa Cruz
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
CCNY's Theresa Montini awarded $300,000 for tobacco cessation study
Despite significant decreases in Americans' tobacco use, approximately 70 percent of homeless people use tobacco. In a bid to stymie this, the National Institutes of Health has awarded $300,000 to Dr. Theresa Montini, assistant medical processor in The City College of New York's Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, for a four-year research study to test a nicotine cessation approach that she developed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Journal of Urban Health
Study tallies huge cost of hepatitis C drugs for RI prisons
Correctional systems are obliged to care for inmates but, as a new study of Rhode Island prisons shows, treating every chronically infected inmate in the state with expensive but effective hepatitis C drugs would cost nearly twice as much as the entire correctional health budget. Treating only the sickest would still far outstrip the pharmaceutical budget.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UGA researchers find hormone receptor that allows mosquitoes to reproduce
University of Georgia entomologists have unlocked one of the hormonal mechanisms that allow mosquitoes to produce eggs. The results provide insight into how reproduction is regulated in female mosquitoes, which transmit agents that cause malaria and other diseases in humans and domestic animals. Their work was published in the April edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Merritt Melancon
University of Georgia

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3668.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>


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