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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3446.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Vanderbilt study shows therapeutic bacteria prevent obesity in mice
A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet in mice, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leigh MacMillan
leigh.macmillan@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
VCU receives grant to study molecular marks left by childhood adverse experiences
Virginia Commonwealth University has received a five-year, $3 million grant to study how adverse experiences such as severe illnesses, neglect and maltreatment during childhood leave molecular marks in DNA that predict health risks later in life.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Peters
petersem@vcu.edu
804-828-0563
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Room for improvement in elementary school children's lunches and snacks from home
Open a child's lunch box and you're likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines, report researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Boston Obesity Research Center

Contact: Andrea Grossman
andrea.grossman@tufts.edu
617-636-3728
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Nature
LSUHSC contributes to work identifying new DNA regions associated with schizophrenia
Nancy Buccola, assistant professor of clinical nursing at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Nursing, contributed samples used in a study reporting new locations of genetic material associated with schizophrenia and also suggesting a possible link between the immune system and schizophrenia.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Social Problems
African-American homeownership increasingly less stable and more risky
A new study from sociologists at Rice University and Cornell University found that African-Americans are 45 percent more likely than whites to switch from owning their homes to renting them.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Pediatrics
Low-income students in charter high schools less likely to engage in risky behavior
Low-income minority adolescents who were admitted to high-performing public charter high schools in Los Angeles were significantly less likely to engage in risky health behaviors than their peers who were not admitted to those schools. These students also scored significantly better on California state standardized math and English tests.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Nano Letters
Penn study: Understanding graphene's electrical properties on an atomic level
For the first time, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have used a cutting-edge microscope to study the relationship between the atomic geometry of a ribbon of graphene and its electrical properties.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Department of Energy, Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, South Korea's Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and National Research Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Parents rank their obese children as 'very healthy'
A University of California, San Diego School of Medicine-led study suggests that parents of obese children often do not recognize the potentially serious health consequences of childhood weight gain or the importance of daily physical activity in helping their child reach a healthy weight.
Hasbro Children's Hospital Research Award, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders
Dysfunction in dopamine signaling profoundly changes the activity level of about 2,000 genes in the brain's prefrontal cortex and may be an underlying cause of certain complex neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, according to UC Irvine scientists.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Studying estrogens made by the brain may offer new insights in learning and memory
New studies being launched by neurobiologist Luke Remage-Healey at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will investigate how estrogens produced in the brains of young birds enhance their ability to learn songs during a critical window during development. This period has a parallel to universal language development in human children.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Try, try again? Study says no
MIT neuroscientists find that trying harder makes it more difficult to learn some aspects of language.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Pediatrics
Mothers of children with autism benefit from peer-led intervention
Peer-led interventions that target parental well-being can significantly reduce stress, depression and anxiety in mothers of children with disabilities, according to new findings released today in the journal Pediatrics.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jennifer Wetzel
Jennifer.Wetzel@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Nature
Vanderbilt discovery may advance colorectal cancer diagnosis and treatment
A Vanderbilt University-led research team has identified protein 'signatures' of genetic mutations that drive colorectal cancer, the nation's second leading cause of cancer deaths after lung cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
Iodine may alleviate swelling in retinitis pigmentosa patients' retinas
Researchers from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, and Boston University School of Medicine tested whether the extent of retinal swelling due to cystoid macular edema was inversely related to dietary iodine intake in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and found that it was. This finding raises the possibility that an iodine supplement could help limit or reduce central foveal swelling in retinitis pigmentosa patients with cystoid macular edema.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Massachusetts Lions Eye Research Fund, Inc., Foundation Fighting Blindness

Contact: Mary Leach
Mary_Leach@meei.harvard.edu
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Large twin study suggests that language delay due more to nature than nurture
A study of 473 sets of twins followed since birth found twins have twice the rate of language delay as do single-born children. Moreover, identical twins have greater rates of language delay than do non-identical twins, strengthening the case for the heritability of language.
NIH/National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Karen Salisbury Henry
kahenry@ku.edu
785-864-0756
University of Kansas

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
When temperatures get cold, newly discovered process helps fruit flies cope
Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their body temperature, so their cells are stressed when facing temperature extremes. Worse still, even at slightly colder temperatures, some biological processes in the cell are slowed down more than others, which should throw the cells' delicate chemical balance out of whack. Yet those cells manage to keep their biological processes coordinated. Now researchers from the University of Rochester and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory have found out how they do that.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski/LeonorSierra
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-275-4118
University of Rochester

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mycobacteria metabolism discovery may pave way for new TB drugs
The mystery of why mycobacteria -- a family that includes the microbe that causes TB -- are extraordinarily hardy organisms is being unravelled by University of Otago, New Zealand, research that offers new hope for developing a revolutionary class of antibiotics to tackle TB.
Royal Society of New Zealand's Marsden Fund, James Cook Research Fellowship, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Cook
greg.cook@otago.ac.nz
University of Otago

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Developmental Science
Brain waves show learning to read does not end in 4th grade, contrary to popular theory
Teachers-in-training have long been taught that fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new Dartmouth study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found that fourth-graders do not experience a change in automatic word processing, a crucial component of the reading shift theory. Instead, some types of word processing become automatic before fourth grade, while others don't switch until after fifth.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Shea Drefs
shea.m.drefs@dartmouth.edu
603-646-2255
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Blood
Scientists successfully generate human platelets using next-generation bioreactor
Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
mmontemayor-quellenberg@partners.org
617-534-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Temple University researchers eliminate the HIV virus from cultured human cells for first time
The HIV-1 virus has proved to be tenacious, inserting its genome permanently into its victims' DNA, forcing patients to take a lifelong drug regimen to control the virus and prevent a fresh attack. Now, a team of Temple University School of Medicine researchers has designed a way to snip out the integrated HIV-1 genes for good.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Jeremy.Walter@tuhs.temple.edu
267-838-0398
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Common gene variants account for most of the genetic risk for autism
Nearly 60 percent of the risk of developing autism is genetic and most of that risk is caused by inherited variant genes that are common in the population and present in individuals without the disorder, according to a study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the July 20 edition of Nature Genetics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elizabeth Dowling
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature
Metabolic enzyme stops progression of most common type of kidney cancer
Researchers found that an enzyme called FBP1 -- essential for regulating metabolism -- binds to a transcription factor in the nucleus of certain kidney cells and restrains energy production in the cell body. What's more, they determined that this enzyme is missing from all kidney tumor tissue analyzed. These tumor cells without FBP1 produce energy at a much faster rate than their non-cancer cell counterparts.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature
New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir
New research finds that the viral reservoir is established substantially earlier after HIV infection than previously recognized.
US Military Research and Material Command, US Military HIV Research Program, Henry M. Jackson Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ragon Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Genetic risk for autism stems mostly from common genes
Using new statistical tools, Carnegie Mellon University's Kathryn Roeder has led an international team of researchers to discover that most of the genetic risk for autism comes from versions of genes that are common in the population rather than from rare variants or spontaneous glitches.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 19-Jul-2014
20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014)
JAMA
Drug that reduces abdominal fat in HIV patients also may reduce fat in liver
The only drug to receive Food and Drug Administration approval for reduction of the abdominal fat deposits that develop in some patients receiving antiviral therapy for HIV infection may also reduce the incidence of fatty liver disease in such patients. Massachusetts General Hospital investigators report that six months of daily injections of tesamorelin significantly reduced fat in the liver without affecting glucose metabolism.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
cmaviles@partners.org
617-724-6433
Massachusetts General Hospital

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3446.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

     
   

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