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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3799.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
UTMB study uncovers mechanism responsible for pollen-induced allergies
A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has uncovered a mechanism that is central to becoming allergic to ragweed pollen and developing allergic asthma or seasonal nasal allergies. The findings are currently available online in the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology.
National Institutes of Health, UTMB Leon Bromberg Professorship

Contact: Donna Ramirez
donna.ramirez@utmb.edu
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Neuropharmacology
Molecular mechanisms contributing to addiction resistance uncovered
A genetic variant leading to a single change in the amino acid sequence of a cell surface protein, the mu-opioid receptor, is associated with lower susceptibility to a variety of addictive behaviors in humans, including smoking, alcoholism, and morphine abuse. A team of scientists led by Jill Turner at the University of South Carolina report evidence that the G allele in an analogous mouse model causes changes in hippocampal operation, and thus a 'loss of function' phenotype in the brain's microcircuitry.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Powell
spowell2@mailbox.sc.edu
803-777-1923
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Researchers find key player in diabetic kidney disease through power of metabolomics
Tapping the potential of metabolomics, an emerging field focused on the chemical processes of metabolism, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a new and pivotal player in diabetic kidney disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Ward
bjward@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
American Journal of Medicine
Study: Popular new anticoagulants drive increase in atrial fibrillation treatment
Popular new blood thinners may be behind a surge in doctor visits to treat an irregular heartbeat, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center. The heavily advertised medicines make managing atrial fibrillation simpler than older therapies like Warfarin. Among the new players, the most prescribed direct oral anticoagulant is Xarelto.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
smkirk@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Menopause associated with more fat around heart, raising risk for heart disease
Late- and post-menopausal women have significantly greater volumes of fat around their hearts -- a risk factor for heart disease -- than their pre-menopausal counterparts, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health study has shown for the first time.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Poor survival in multiple myeloma patients linked to genetic variation
Researchers have found that multiple myeloma patients with a genetic variation in the gene FOPNL die on average 1-3 years sooner than patients without it. The finding was identified with a genetic mapping technique, genome wide association studies, and verified in patient populations from North America and Europe. Published in Nature Communications, this was the first study to survey the entire human genome for genetic variation influencing survival, and is a first step toward applying precision medicine to multiple myeloma.
Huntsman Cancer Institute, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Utah State Department of Health, Steve & Nancy Grand Multiple Myeloma Translational Initiative, Polish Ministry, Research Fund Sjæl

Contact: Linda Aagard
linda.aagard@hci.utah.edu
801-587-7639
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Stanford researchers link HIV susceptibility to little-understood immune cell class
High diversity among certain cells that help fight viruses and tumors is strongly associated with the likelihood of subsequent infection by HIV, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have found.
Beckman Young Investigator Award, National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award, National Science Foundation training grant

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Additional radiation reduces breast-cancer recurrence for some patients: Hamilton study
A study has found no increase in overall survival but a reduction in breast cancer recurrence when additional radiation is given to the lymph nodes as well as the standard treatment of whole-breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery. The research, which examined the addition of regional nodal irradiation to whole-breast irradiation compared with whole-breast irradiation alone, was published July 22 in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine.
Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute to the NCIC Clinical TrialsGroup, Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cancer Council of Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, and South Australia

Contact: Susan Emigh
emighs@mcmaster.ca
905-525-9140 x22555
McMaster University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature
Resolving social conflict is key to survival of bacterial communities
Far from being selfish organisms whose sole purpose is to maximize their own reproduction, bacteria in large communities work for the greater good by resolving a social conflict among individuals to enhance the survival of their entire community.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
UC Davis researchers identify the source of the debilitating memory loss in people with psychosis
As disabling as its delusions and hallucinations, psychosis' devastating toll on memory arises from dysfunction of frontal and temporal lobe regions in the brain that rob sufferers of the ability to make associative connections, a UC Davis study has found, pinpointing potential target areas for treatments to help the more than 3.2 million Americans for whom medication quells the voices and visions, but not the struggle to remember.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Phyllis K. Brown
pkbrown@ucdavis.edu
916-734-9023
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
DNA damage seen in patients undergoing CT scanning, Stanford study finds
Using new laboratory technology, scientists have shown that cellular damage is detectable in patients after CT scanning, according to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, Stanford Cardiovascular Institute

Contact: Tracie White
traciew@stanford.edu
650-723-7628
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature
Zebrafish reveal drugs that may improve bone marrow transplant
Using large-scale zebrafish drug-screening models, researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have identified a potent group of chemicals that helps bone marrow transplants engraft or 'take.'
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, German Research Council, Care-for-Rare Foundation

Contact: Keri Stedman
keri.stedman@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Addiction
Low-nicotine cigarettes fail to sway smokers
Smokers who successfully lowered their nicotine intake when they were switched to low-nicotine cigarettes were unable to curb their smoking habits in the long term, according to a study by researchers at UCSF and San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, FDA Center for Tobacco Products

Contact: Suzanne Leigh
suzanne.leigh@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Journal of Internet Medicine Research
Cellphones seen as change agents for health among young, poor, urban women
In a survey of a diverse group of almost 250 young, low-income, inner-city pregnant and postpartum women, Johns Hopkins researchers have learned that more than 90 percent use smartphones or regular cellphones to give and get information.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Marin Hedin
mhedin2@jhmi.edu
410-502-9429
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Animal Cognition
Stress 'sweet spot' differs for mellow vs. hyper dogs
People aren't the only ones who perform better on tests or athletic events when they are just a little bit nervous -- dogs do too. But in dogs as in people, the right amount of stress depends on disposition. A new study by researchers at Duke University finds that a little extra stress and stimulation makes hyper dogs crack under pressure but gives mellow dogs an edge.
AKC Canine Health Foundation, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Molecular Psychiatry
Specific protein as missing link for earliest known change in Alzheimer's pathology
A recent study conducted at Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research and NYU Langone Medical Center implicates a new culprit in Alzheimer's disease development. The research reveals that ßCTF -- the precursor of the amyloid beta (Aß) peptide -- acts at the earliest stage of Alzheimer's to initiate a range of abnormalities leading to the loss of groups of neurons critical for memory formation. Significant implications for treatment strategies and furthering the course of Alzheimer's drug development.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Camy Sleeman
camellia.sleeman@nyumc.org
646-369-0935
Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science
Genome analysis pins down arrival and spread of first Americans
An international team of researchers compared the genomes of 31 living Native Americans, Siberians and people from Oceania with 23 ancient Native American genomes to establish a timeline for the arrival and spread of Amerindian populations. They concluded that the first Americans arrived after about 23,000 years ago and diverged around 13,000 years ago into two populations. They found no admixture of Polynesian or European genes, but did find some East Asian gene flow.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Cancer
Applying New Jersey population traits to Louisiana reverses colorectal cancer trends
If Louisiana had the same risk factors, screening uptake, and survival rates as New Jersey, incidence and mortality from the disease would drop to levels below that of New Jersey.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
PNAS: Evolution not just mutation drives development of cancer
A paper published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences argues against the commonly held 'accumulation of mutations' model of oncogenesis in favor of a model that depends on evolutionary pressures acting on populations of cells.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
garth.sundem@ucdenver.edu
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Forest Ecology and Management
Controlled burns increase invasive grass in hardwood forests
Controlled burning is widely used to maintain biodiversity and enhance regeneration of important deciduous tree species such as oak and hickory, but a recent University of Illinois study found that this practice also increases the growth of an aggressive species of invasive grass.
NIH/National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Agriculture, McIntire-Stennis Program, and University of Illinois

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
dlarson@illinois.edu
217-244-2880
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Journal of Physiology
Blood vessels can actually get better with age
Oxidative stress has been linked to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases including diabetes, hypertension and age-related cancers. However, researchers at the University of Missouri recently found that aging actually offered significant protection against oxidative stress. These findings suggest that aging may trigger an adaptive response to counteract the effects of oxidative stress on blood vessels.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Hoelscher
hoelscherj@missouri.edu
573-884-1608
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Dartmouth team conducts first synthesis of molecules that cause rapid cell death in cancer
Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have carried out the first total syntheses of certain compounds involved in excessive cell death in leukemia.
American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Social Science & Medicine
Birmingham, Ala., neighborhood revitalization motivated exercise
A community revitalization effort in a struggling neighborhood of Birmingham, Ala., succeeded in promoting healthy physical activity. A new study also documents the basis of that change in the hopes and concerns of the neighborhood's residents.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
8th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention
Cash transfers conditional on schooling do not prevent HIV among young South African women
A Phase III, individually randomized trial has found conditional cash transfers for school attendance did not reduce the risk of HIV among high-school aged women in South Africa, investigators from the HIV Prevention Trials Network reported today at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Vancouver, Canada.
U.S. National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Miller
EMiller@fhi360.org
919-384-6465
FHI360

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
ECOG-ACRIN opens trial of treatment sequencing in advanced melanoma
In its latest treatment trial, EA6134, the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group studies whether to start treatment with drugs that trigger patients' immune systems to kill melanoma skin cancer, or with other drugs that identify and attack molecules within tumor cells
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Novartis Parmaceuticals

Contact: Office of Communications
communications@ecog-acrin.org
215-789-3631
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3799.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

     
   

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