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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3436.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Transplantation of new brain cells reverses memory loss in Alzheimer's disease model
A new study from the Gladstone Institutes has revealed a way to alleviate the learning and memory deficits caused by apoE4, the most important genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, improving cognition to normal levels in aged mice.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, SD Bechtel Jr. Foundation, Roddenberry Foundation, Hellman Foundation

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Body Image
Study: Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients have higher risk of personal and appearance-based rejection sensitivity
Researchers have found that fear of being rejected because of one's appearance, as well as rejection sensitivity to general interpersonal situations, were significantly elevated in individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder. These fears, referred to as personal rejection sensitivity and appearance-based rejection sensitivity, can lead to diminished quality of life and poorer mental and overall health. Body Dymorphic Disorder is an under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 to 2.4 percent of the population.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
mBio of the American Society of Microbiology
TGen-led study finds likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest
Cryptococcus gattii, a virulent fungus that has invaded the Pacific Northwest is highly adaptive and warrants global "public health vigilance," according to a study by an international team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen). C. gattii, which likely originated in Brazil, is responsible for dozens of deaths in recent years since it was first found in 1999 on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, well outside its usual tropical habitats.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Council of South Africa

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
3-D nanostructure could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage
A three-dimensional porous nanostructure would have a balance of strength, toughness and ability to transfer heat that could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage and composite materials that perform multiple functions, according to engineers at Rice University.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, IBM, CISCO, Qlogic, Adaptive Computing, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Molecular Cell
New UK study helps scientists understand melanoma development
A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows how a genetic defect in a specific hormonal pathway may make people more susceptible to developing melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Drury Pediatric Research Endowed Chair Fund, Wendy Will Case Cancer Research Fund, Markey Cancer Foundation, Children's Miracle Network, Jennifer and David Dickens Melanoma Research Foundation

Contact: Allison Perry
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Interface Focus
Game theory model reveals vulnerable moments for cancer cells' energy production
Cancer's no game, but researchers at Johns Hopkins are borrowing ideas from evolutionary game theory to learn how cells cooperate within a tumor to gather energy. Their experiments, they say, could identify the ideal time to disrupt metastatic cancer cell cooperation and make a tumor more vulnerable to anti-cancer drugs.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
American Journal of Men's Health
Adolescent males seek intimacy and close relationships with the opposite sex
Teenage boys desire intimacy and sex in the context of a meaningful relationship and value trust in their partnerships, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. The research provides a snapshot of the development of masculine values in adolescence, an area that has been understudied.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Alzheimer's & Dementia
Fish oil supplements reduce incidence of cognitive decline, may improve memory function
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have completed a study that found regular use of fish oil supplements (FOS) was associated with a significant reduction in cognitive decline and brain atrophy in older adults. The study examined the relationship between FOS use during the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative and indicators of cognitive decline. The findings are published online in advance of print in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia.
Agency for HealthCare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, and others

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Depression and Anxiety
Brain responses to emotional images predict PTSD symptoms after Boston Marathon bombing
By using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans from before the attack and survey data from after, the researchers found that heightened amygdala reaction to negative emotional stimuli was a risk factor for later developing symptoms of PTSD.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds
Kansas State University biochemists have discovered how protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection. The research may help scientists develop targeted treatment and intervention methods.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Phillip Klebba
Kansas State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
BUSM study: Obesity may be impacted by stress
A new study shows that stress may play a role in the development of obesity. Using experimental models, researchers at Boston University School of Medicine showed that adenosine, a metabolite released when the body is under stress or during an inflammatory response, stops the process of adipogenesis, when adipose stem cells differentiate into adult fat cells.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Educational Researcher
Study finds unintended consequences of raising state math, science graduation requirements
Raising state-mandated math and science course graduation requirements may increase high school dropout rates without a meaningful effect on college enrollment or degree attainment, according to new research published in Educational Researcher, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Washington University Institute for Public Health

Contact: Tony Pals
American Educational Research Association

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
WPI wins NIH grant to study components of a potentially potent, low-cost malaria treatment
With a three-year, $420,000 award from the National Institutes of Health, a team of researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, led by Pamela Weathers, PhD, will test a plant-based therapy it is developing that consists of dried leaves from the sweet wormwood plant, Artemisia annua. The therapy may prove to be a highly effective and low-cost treatment for malaria, one of the world's most prevalent and deadly infectious diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Cohen
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Brain and Language
Hear Jane read: Rutgers University-Newark researcher gives new meaning to semantics
There are different ways to be a good reader. There has been much discussion over the years about some readers having more of a sound-based style and others having more of a meaning-based style. But until now, there has been very little evidence of this, particularly evidence connecting brain behavior and reading behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Carla Capizzi
Rutgers University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Cholesterol activates signaling pathway that promotes cancer
Everyone knows that cholesterol, at least the bad kind, can cause heart disease and hardening of the arteries. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago describe a new role for cholesterol in the activation of a cellular signaling pathway that has been linked to cancer.
National Institutes of Health, World Class University program, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Mutation stops worms from getting drunk
Neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Austin have generated mutant worms that do not get intoxicated by alcohol, a result that could lead to new drugs to treat the symptoms of people going through alcohol withdrawal. The scientists accomplished this feat by inserting a modified human alcohol target into the worms, as reported this week in The Journal of Neuroscience.
ABMRF/The Foundation for Alcohol Research, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research at The University of Texas at Austin

Contact: Steve Franklin
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
JAMA study: Stroke risk and death rates fall over past 2 decades
Fewer Americans are having strokes and those who do have a lower risk of dying from them finds a new study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Science Signaling
Neurons, brain cancer cells require the same little-known protein for long-term survival
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have discovered that the protein PARC/CUL9 helps neurons and brain cancer cells override the biochemical mechanisms that lead to cell death in most other cells. In neurons, long-term survival allows for proper brain function as we age. In brain cancer cells, though, long-term survival contributes to tumor growth and the spread of the disease.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, American Brain Tumor Association, Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Science Signaling
Molecular 'eat now' signal makes cells devour dying neighbors
A team of researchers has devised a Pac-Man-style power pellet that gets normally mild-mannered cells to gobble up their undesirable neighbors. The development may point the way to therapies that enlist patients' own cells to better fend off infection and even cancer, the researchers say. A description of the work will be published July 15 in the journal Science Signaling.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Mochida Memorial Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New combination drug controls tumor growth and metastasis in mice
Researchers at UC Davis, University of Massachusetts and Harvard Medical School have created a combination drug that controls both tumor growth and metastasis. By combining a COX-2 inhibitor, similar to Celebrex, and an epoxide hydrolase inhibitor, the drug controls angiogenesis, limiting a tumor's ability to grow and spread.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Scien, Superfund, NIH/National Institute for Occupational Safety, Stop and Shop Pediatric Brain Tumor Fund, C.J. Buckley Pediatric Brain Tumor Fund, US Department of Veterans Affairs, American Asthma Society

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Antibiotic use prevalent in hospice patients despite limited evidence of its value
New research suggests that use of antibiotics is still prevalent among terminal patients who have chosen hospice care as an end-of-life option, despite little evidence that the medications improve symptoms or quality of life, and sometimes may cause unwanted side effects. It's another example of serious overuse of antibiotics in the US.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jon Furuno
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
ACS Chemical Biology
Innovative technique may transform the hunt for new antibiotics and cancer therapies
In a study reported in ACS Chemical Biology, University of Illinois researchers developed a new technique to quickly uncover novel, medically relevant products produced by bacteria. Past techniques involved screening more than 10,000 samples to find a novel product, but principal investigator Doug Mitchell, assistant professor of chemistry and Institute for Genomic Biology member, discovered with his lab a novel product after screening just a few dozen soil bacteria by using this new technique.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
CRISPR system can promote antibiotic resistance
CRISPR, a system of genes that bacteria use to fend off viruses, is involved in promoting antibiotic resistance in Francisella novicida, a close relative of the bacterium that causes tularemia. The finding contrasts with previous observations in other bacteria that the CRISPR system hinders the spread of antibiotic resistance genes.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Burroughs Wellcome

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Penn researchers successfully alleviate pulmonary inflammation with targeted drug delivery
A multidisciplinary research team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Penn's School of Engineering and Applied Science, has found that when delivered by a microscopic transporter called a nanocarrier, steroids can access the hard-to-reach lung endothelial cells that need it most and are successful at preventing pulmonary inflammation in mice.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality. Writing today in the journal Nature Communications, a group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researcher Igor Slukvin reports the discovery of two genetic programs responsible for taking blank-slate stem cells and turning them into both red and the array of white cells that make up human blood.
National Institutes of Health, Charlotte Geyer Foundation

Contact: Igor Slukvin
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3436.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>


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