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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3758.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Norepinephrine aids brain in sorting complex auditory signals
In the Journal of Neuroscience this week, doctoral student Maaya Ikeda and her advisor, neuroscientist Luke Remage-Healey at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, report finding that the neuromodulator norepinephrine has an unexpected, direct action on auditory processing of complex signals, specifically bird songs in the zebra finch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Educational Researcher
Minorities underrepresented in US special education classrooms
Although minority children are frequently reported to be overrepresented in special education classrooms, a team of researchers suggests that minority children are less likely than otherwise similar white children to receive help for disabilities.
US Department of Education, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Brain imaging technique receives NIH grant
A biomedical engineer at the Cockrell School of Engineering has received a $1.8 million NIH grant to advance his light-based technique for imaging blood flow across the brain. The device could be used to help with aneurysm surgery, or when treating other malformations in the brain. The grant will allow the engineering team and a partner physician to continue to develop the device, and test it in humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Science Translational Medicine
DNA shed from head and neck tumors detected in blood and saliva
On the hunt for better cancer screening tests, Johns Hopkins scientists led a proof of principle study that successfully identified tumor DNA shed into the blood and saliva of 93 patients with head and neck cancer. A report on the findings is published in the June 24 issue of Science Translational Medicine.
Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research, Conrad R. Hilton Foundation, Banyan Gate Foundation, Swim Across America, Sol Goldman Sequencing Facility at Johns Hopkins, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Scripps scientists awarded $3.5 million to expand development of new diabetes therapies
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $3.5 million from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to accelerate development of a new class of anti-diabetic compounds.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Got acne? Lay off the B12
New UCLA research suggests that Vitamin B12 tweaks how genes behave in the facial bacteria of some people who normally enjoy clear skin, leading to pimples.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Study hints at why parrots are great vocal imitators
Duke University researchers, in collaboration with an international group of scientists, have uncovered key structural differences in parrot brains that may help explain why this group of bird species can mimic speech and songs so well. Reported in PLOS ONE, these brain structures went unrecognized in studies published in the past 34 years. The results may lend insight into the neural mechanisms of human speech.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, University of Copenhagen, Danish Council for Independent Research, Copenhagen Zoo

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Tobacco Control
As smoking declines, more are likely to quit
Smokeless tobacco and, more recently, e-cigarettes have been promoted as a harm reduction strategy for smokers who are 'unable or unwilling to quit.' The strategy, embraced by both industry and some public health advocates, is based on the assumption that as smoking declines overall, only those who cannot quit will remain. A new study by researchers at UC San Francisco has found just the opposite.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lisa Potter
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 24-Jun-2015
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Could 'virtual reality' treat alcoholism?
A form of 'virtual-reality' therapy may help people with alcohol dependence reduce their craving for alcohol, a new study suggests.
NIH/National Center for Mental Health Research & Education, Seoul National Hospital, Republic of Korea

Contact: Doug Hyun Han
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Nanoparticle 'wrapper' delivers chemical that stops fatty buildup in rodent arteries
In what may be a major leap forward in the quest for new treatments of the most common form of cardiovascular disease, scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have found a way to halt and reverse the progression of atherosclerosis in rodents by loading microscopic nanoparticles with a chemical that restores the animals' ability to properly handle cholesterol.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Bionic eye clinical trial results show long-term safety, efficacy vision-restoring implant
The three-year clinical trial results of the retinal implant popularly known as the 'bionic eye,' have proven the long-term efficacy, safety and reliability of the device that restores vision in those blinded by a rare, degenerative eye disease. The findings show that the Argus II significantly improves visual function and quality of life for people blinded by retinitis pigmentosa. They are being published online today in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Eye Institute, Second Sight Medical Products Inc.

Contact: Dayle Kern
American Academy of Ophthalmology

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Cell Transplantation
Stem cell injections improve diabetic neuropathy in animal models
Rats modeled with diabetic neuropathy were randomly assigned to BM-MSC or saline injection 12 weeks after diabetes modeling to investigate whether local transplantation could attenuate or reverse experimental DN. The study provided the first evidence that intramuscular injected BM-MSCs migrated to nerves and increased angiogenic and neurotrophic factors associated with blood vessel growth, aiding the survival of nerves. Results suggested that BM-MSC transplantation restored both the myelin sheath and nerve cells in sciatic nerves.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation-Emergent Behavior of Integrated Cellular Systems

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Nature Genetics
Study identifies multiple genetic changes linked to increased pancreatic cancer risk
In a genome-wide association study believed to be the largest of its kind, Johns Hopkins researchers have uncovered four regions in the human genome where changes may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Quiet that ringing in the brain
Epilepsy and tinnitus are both caused by overly excitable nerve cells. Healthy nerves have a built-in system that slams on the brakes when they get too excited. The 'brakes' are actually potassium channels that regulate nerve signals. A new drug may treat both conditions by selectively opening potassium channels in the brain.
US National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: Kim Krieger
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Molecular Psychiatry
UCI-led study demonstrates how Huntington's disease proteins spread from cell to cell
By identifying in spinal fluid how the characteristic mutant proteins of Huntington's disease spread from cell to cell, UC Irvine scientists and colleagues have created a new method to quickly and accurately track the presence and proliferation of these neuron-damaging compounds -- a discovery that may accelerate the development of new drugs to treat this incurable disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
With NIH award, professor aims to ease a 'bottleneck' in vaccine development
North­eastern pro­fessor of chem­ical engi­neering Shashi Murthy has received a four-year, $1.4 mil­lion award from the National Insti­tutes of Health to develop a novel instru­ment that would auto­mate an impor­tant process used in cre­ating effec­tive vaccines.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Caragher
Northeastern University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Journal of Immunology
When inflammation occurs, kidneys work to protect themselves, researchers find
In an apparent effort to help themselves, inflamed kidney cells produce one of the same inflammation-suppressing enzymes fetuses use to survive, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Science Signaling
Potential treatment target identified for rare form of diabetes, other disorders
Scientists working to find treatments for a rare and severe form of diabetes known as Wolfram syndrome have identified a gatekeeper that prevents harmful molecules from spilling and triggering cell death. The researchers, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, also have found that the gatekeeper -- an enzyme -- may be a good treatment target not only for diabetes but for heart problems, Parkinson's disease and other disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, American Diabetes Association, and others

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Dietary guidelines for Americans shouldn't place limits on total fat intake
In a Viewpoint published today in the Journal of the Medical Association (JAMA), researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University and Boston Children's Hospital call on the federal government to drop restrictions on total fat consumption in the forthcoming 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
NIH/National, Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Clinical Psychological Science
Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight
Toronto -- A group of passengers who thought they were going to die when their plane ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean in August, 2001 have had their brains scanned while recalling the terrifying moments to help science better understand trauma memories and how they are processed in the brain.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kelly Connelly
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Molecular Psychiatry
Medication may stop drug and alcohol addiction
Researchers have successfully stopped cocaine and alcohol addiction in experiments using a drug already approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat high blood pressure.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Journal of Adolescent Health
Adolescents uncertain about risks of marijuana, e-cigarettes, Stanford study finds
Teenagers are very familiar with the risks of smoking cigarettes, but are much less sure whether marijuana or e-cigarettes are harmful, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Erin Digitale
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
CT allows nonsurgical management of some lung nodules
People who have nonsolid lung nodules can be safely monitored with annual low-dose computed tomography screening, according to a new study. Researchers said the findings could help spare patients from unnecessary surgery and additional imaging.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 22-Jun-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
Obesity, excess weight in US continue upswing
Obesity and excess weight, and their negative impact on health, have become a significant focus for physicians and other health-care experts in recent years. But new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that an escalation in the number of those considered obese or overweight in the United States continues, signaling an ongoing upward swing in chronic health conditions as well.
National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Siteman Cancer Center

Contact: Judy Martin
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How understanding GPS can help you hit a curveball
Our brains track moving objects by applying one of the algorithms your phone's GPS uses, according to researchers at the University of Rochester. This same algorithm also explains why we are fooled by several motion-related optical illusions, including the sudden 'break' of baseball's well known 'curveball illusion.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Monique Patenaude
University of Rochester

Showing releases 101-125 out of 3758.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>


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