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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3806.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Cell
Making 'miniature brains' from skin cells to better understand autism
A larger head size -- or macrocephaly -- is seen in many children with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A new stem cell study of these children by Yale School of Medicine researchers could help predict ASD and may lead to new drug targets for autism treatment. The findings are published in the July 16 issue of the journal Cell.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, State of Connecticut, Simons Foundation

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Nature Methods
New resource makes gene-editing technology even more user friendly
Researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new user-friendly resource to accompany the powerful gene editing tool called CRISPR/Cas9, which has been widely adopted to make precise, targeted changes in DNA. This breakthrough has the potential to facilitate new discoveries in gene therapies and basic genetics research. The research was published in the July 13 issue of Nature Methods.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Research, University of California San Diego, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Liezel Labios
llabios@ucsd.edu
858-246-1124
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Mosquitoes use smell to see their hosts
On summer evenings, we try our best to avoid mosquito bites by dousing our skin with bug repellents and lighting citronella candles. These efforts may keep the mosquitoes at bay for a while, but no solution is perfect because the pests have evolved to use a triple threat of visual, olfactory, and thermal cues to home in on their human targets, a new Caltech study suggests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
JAMA Oncology
Increased radiation offers no survival benefit for patients with low-risk prostate cancer
Increased radiation dose is associated with higher survival rates in men with medium- and high-risk prostate cancer, but not men with low-risk prostate cancer, according to a new study from Penn Medicine published this week in JAMA Oncology.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Cell
Device delivers drugs to brain via remote control
Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects. Eventually, the devices may be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy and other neurological disorders in people.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Common Fund of the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Cerebral Cortex
Bilinguals of 2 spoken languages have more gray matter than monolinguals
A new study suggests people who speak two languages have more gray matter in the executive control region of the brain.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Health researchers far behind industry using automation, leaves critical research unfunded
The National Institutes of Health has experienced funding cuts even as the number of scientists has grown significantly. University laboratories are closing, faculty positions are being cut, less life-saving research is being conducted, and researchers are spending considerably more time writing grants, and much less time actually doing research. More efficient means of conducting research will be needed if scientific progress is to continue.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Developmental Cell
Orchestrating hair cell regeneration: A supporting player's close-up
A new study in Developmental Cell, from Stowers Institute for Medical Research Associate Investigator Tatjana Piotrowski, Ph.D., zeros in on an important component in fish: the support cells that surround centrally located hair cells in each garlic-shaped sensory organ, or neuromast.
Hearing Health Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Stowers Institute

Contact: Kim Bland
ksb@stowers.org
816-926-4015
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Researchers find the 'acoustic signature' of screams
A team of NYU neuroscientists has identified the 'acoustic signature' of screams, a study that points to the unique attributes of this form of expression and suggests we are able to generate sounds reserved exclusively for signaling distress.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Surprise -- subtle distractors may divert action more than overt ones
What's more distracting, something overt or something subtle? We all know the right answer when it comes to perception, but in a new study done at Brown University, the less salient of two distractors had the greater power to affect an action.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
UI researchers stimulate human amygdala to gain key insight into SUDEP
University of Iowa researchers have identified areas of the human brain in which breathing is controlled and, in some cases, impaired.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, McKnight Neuroscience of Brain Disorders Award, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Doris Duke Clinical Research Fellowship

Contact: Molly Rossiter
molly-rossiter@uiowa.edu
319-356-7127
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
SLU scientist awarded special NIH grant to solve painkiller problem
SLU pain researcher Daniela Salvemini has been awarded the NIH's Cutting-Edge Basic Research Award to solve an alarming problem: pain killers that are capable of quelling terrible pain also carry debilitating side effects and significant risk of addiction.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
bebermcl@slu.edu
314-977-8015
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Nature
UGA researchers develop breakthrough tools in fight against cryptosporidium
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed new tools to study and genetically manipulate cryptosporidium, a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis. Their discoveries, published in the journal Nature, will ultimately help researchers in academia and industry find new treatments and vaccines for cryptosporidium, which is a major cause of disease and death in children under two years old.
National Institutes of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UGA Research Foundation, Georgia Research Alliance

Contact: Boris Striepen
striepen@uga.edu
706-583-0588
University of Georgia

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain network that controls, redirects attention identified
Researchers at Columbia have found that key parts of the human brain network that give us the power to control and redirect our attention -- a core cognitive ability -- may be unique to humans.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Anne Holden, PhD
adh2165@columbia.edu
212-853-0171
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Mercury scrubbers at power plant lower other pollution too
Air pollution controls installed at an Oregon coal-fired power plant to curb mercury emissions are unexpectedly reducing another class of harmful emissions as well.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Staci Simonich
staci.simonich@oregonstate.edu
541-737-9194
Oregon State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Penn Vet team shows a protein modification determines enzyme's fate
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine show that an amino acid tag has the power to greatly influence the function of an enzyme called PRPS2, which is required for human life and can become hyperactive in cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Mari Lowe Center for Comparative Oncology

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Researcher gets $1.48 million to study disease that causes blindness in AIDS patients
Dr. Richard Dix, professor in the Department of Biology at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.48 million federal grant to study an eye disease that causes vision loss and blindness in HIV-immunosuppressed patients who do not have access to antiretroviral therapy or don't respond to the therapy.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Immunity
Subset of plasma cells represent 'historical record' of childhood infections
Immunologists from Emory University have identified a distinct set of long-lived antibody-producing cells in the human bone marrow that function as an immune archive.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Nanoparticles used to prevent inflammatory acne through slow-released nitric oxide
GW researcher and dermatologist, Adam Friedman, M.D., and colleagues, find that the release of nitric oxide over time may be a new way to treat and prevent acne through nanotechnology.
National Institutes of Health, Air Force Research Laboratory, Dermatology Foundation

Contact: Anne Banner
abanner@gwu.edu
202-994-2261
George Washington University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research
Rates of drunk driving tied to state alcohol policies, BU study finds
States with more restrictive alcohol policies and regulations have lower rates of self-reported drunk driving, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University schools of public health and medicine and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Chedekel
chedekel@bu.edu
617-571-6370
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
American Journal of Addiction
NYU study examines psychoactive 'bath salt' use among US high school seniors
33 percent of students who used bath salts reported using only once or twice; however, frequent use was also common among users with an alarming 18 percent of users reporting using 40 or more times in the last year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Developmental Cell
Fruitfly sperm cells reveal intricate coordination in stem cell replication
Stem cells are key for the continual renewal of tissues in our bodies. As such, manipulating stem cells also holds much promise for biomedicine if their regenerative capacity can be harnessed. However, understanding how stem cells govern normal tissue renewal is a field still in its infancy. Researchers are making headway in this area by studying stem cells in their natural environment in fruitflies.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, ACS Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
ACS Nano
Magnetic nanoparticles could be key to effective immunotherapy
In recent years, researchers have hotly pursued immunotherapy, a promising form of treatment that relies on harnessing and training the body's own immune system to better fight cancer and infection. Now, results of a study led by Johns Hopkins investigators suggests that a device composed of a magnetic column paired with custom-made magnetic nanoparticles may hold a key to bringing immunotherapy into widespread and successful clinical use.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Troper Wojcicki Foundation, Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Science
Scientists 'watch' rats string memories together
By using electrode implants to track nerve cells firing in the brains of rats as they plan where to go next, Johns Hopkins scientists say they have learned that the mammalian brain likely reconstructs memories in a way more like jumping across stepping stones than walking across a bridge. Their experiments shed light on what memories are and how they form, and gives clues about how the system can fail.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Psychological Medicine
Research finds ovarian hormones play genes like a fiddle
A complex relationship between genes, hormones and social factors can lead to eating disorders in women. Kelly Klump, Michigan State University eating disorder expert, has made monumental strides in deciphering how these factors interact. In her latest discovery, she has found that during the menstrual cycle, ovarian hormones act like a master conductor -- they turn genetic risk on and off in the body.
NIH/National Institute for Mental Health

Contact: Mackenzie Kastl
mackenzie.kastl@cabs.msu.edu
517-884-8048
Michigan State University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3806.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

     
   

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