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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3567.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists identify important mechanism involved in production of mosquito eggs
Female mosquitoes rely on a blood-meal as a source of nutrients required for reproduction. If the mechanisms that govern mosquitoes' egg production are better understood, novel approaches to controlling the reproduction and population of mosquitoes can be devised. A team of UC Riverside scientists has made a research breakthrough in understanding, at the molecular level, one such mechanism related to the mosquito reproductive process. This mechanism includes small regulatory RNA molecules known as microRNAs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New cancer-fighting strategy would harden cells to prevent metastasis
Existing cancer therapies are geared toward massacring tumor cells, but Johns Hopkins researchers propose a different strategy: subtly hardening cancer cells to prevent them from invading new areas of the body. They devised a way of screening compounds for the desired effect and have identified a compound that shows promise in fighting pancreatic cancer. Their study appears this week in the early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Center

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
SLU researcher prevents type 1 diabetes in lab
A new approach developed by researcher Thomas Burris, PhD, stops the destruction of beta cells and preserves insulin production.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
ACS Nano
Hydrogels deliver on blood-vessel growth
Injectable hydrogels promote the growth of healthy blood vessels in new tissue. The Rice University research shows promise for a broad range of tissue regeneration strategies, as well as therapies to help victims of heart attack, stroke and ischemic tissue diseases.
Robert A. Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Nature Neuroscience
LSU Health NO contributes to work finding shared pathways for psychiatric disorders
Nancy Buccola, Assistant Professor of Clinical Nursing at Louisiana State University Health New Orleans School of Nursing, contributed samples used in a study reporting shared genetic risk factors and common pathways for schizophrenia, major depression and bipolar disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
JAMA Pediatrics
Alcohol ads on TV associated with drinking behavior in young people
Seeing and liking alcohol advertising on television among underage youths was associated with the onset of drinking, binge drinking and hazardous drinking, according to a study by researchers at the Norris Cotton Cancer Center and Children's Hospital at Dartmouth-Hitchcock published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rick Adams
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Breakthrough may impact flu vaccination
An analysis of 10 years' worth of data on human influenza B viruses has shed new light on the pathogen which can cause the seasonal flu. Findings from this study could help make flu immunization programs more effective; by better targeting vaccines or by eventually eliminating one of the flu lineages completely.
Singapore Ministry of Health, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore Ministry of Education, National Institutes of Health, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, and others

Contact: Dharshini Subbiah
Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Penn Medicine researchers discover possible new general anesthetics
Penn Medicine researchers, in a continuation of their groundbreaking work to better understand how anesthesia works in the body, have found the first new class of novel anesthetics since the 1970s. Their findings, published in February issue of Anesthesiology, detail the processes through which the group uncovered these compounds.
National Institutes of Health Small Grant program, Program Project Grant, National Institutes of Health Roadmap for Medical Research

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Drugs from dirt -- Scientists develop first global roadmap for drug discovery
Rockefeller University scientists have analysed soils from beaches, forests, and deserts on five continents and discovered the best places in the world to mine untapped antibiotic and anticancer drugs. The findings, published in the open-access journal eLife, provide new insights into the natural world as well as a road map for future drug discovery.
National Institutes of Health, Rio de Janeiro Research Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, São Paulo Research Foundation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

Contact: Jennifer Mitchell

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Hospitalized for pneumonia? Your risk of cardiovascular disease is higher
Your chance of having a heart attack or stroke increases significantly if you have been hospitalized for pneumonia and, as such, should be considered its own independent risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. This study is the first to show this association using only patients with no cardiovascular disease previous to their contracting pneumonia.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Ottawa Hospital Foundation, Ottawa Hospital's Department of Medicine

Contact: Paddy Moore
613-737-8899 x73687
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Found: 'Fight or flight' response control center for the heart
An animal study led by Johns Hopkins investigators has uncovered what controls the ability of healthy hearts to speed up in response to circumstances ranging from fear to a jog around the block.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Marin Hedin
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Metabolic enzyme is upregulated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a metabolic enzyme that is upregulated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Kentucky Lung Cancer Research Program, Kentucky Challenge for Excellence, Drive Cancer Out Campaign

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Gene therapy-associated cancer incidence depends on vector design
A new publication in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that AAV vector design influences the likelihood of developing cancer in the liver.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
On the ups and downs of the seemingly idle brain
Even when it seems not to be doing much, the brain maintains a baseline of activity in the form of up and down states of bustle and quiet. To accomplish this seemingly simple cycle, it maintains a complex balance between the activity of many excitatory and inhibitory cells, Brown University scientists report in the Journal of Neuroscience.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Hunger hormone in infancy may link to lifelong obesity risk
Researchers at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles now reveal an unexpected role for ghrelin in early brain development and show its long-term impact on appetite regulation. Their study will be published online Jan. 20 by the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Lung transplant patients do worse with lungs from heavy drinkers
Lung transplant patients who receive lungs from heavy drinkers are nearly nine times more likely to experience a life-threatening complication called primary graft dysfunction. The study raises the question whether a history of alcohol abuse should exclude the use of a donor's lungs.
National Institutes of Health, Dr. Ralph and Marian C. Falk Medical Research Trust

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Genetics
Researchers open 'Pandora's box' of potential cancer biomarkers
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center analyzed the global landscape of a portion of the genome that has not been previously well-explored. This analysis opens the door to discovery of thousands of potential new cancer biomarkers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Department of Defense, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, American Cancer Society, A. Alfred Taubman Medical Research Institute

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
New signaling pathway provides clues to obesity
A Vanderbilt University-led research team has discovered a molecular 'rheostat' in the brain's appetite control center that may provide new insights into obesity, which is at epidemic levels in this country. The discovery of this novel cell signaling pathway, reported today in the journal Nature, revises the previous 'on-off' switch model of appetite control, said Roger Cone, Ph.D., who led the research team with Masoud Ghamari-Langroudi, M.D., Ph.D.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bill Snyder
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Photonics
New high-speed 3-D microscope -- SCAPE -- gives deeper view of living things
Columbia Engineering professor Elizabeth Hillman has developed SCAPE, a new microscope that images living things in 3-D at very high speeds. Her approach uses a simple, single-objective imaging geometry that requires no sample mounting or translation, making it possible to image freely moving living samples. SCAPE's ability to perform real-time 3-D imaging at cellular resolution in behaving organisms could be transformative for biomedical and neuroscience research.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation, Dana Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Predatory sea snails produce weaponized insulin
The venom of a tropical cone snail contains large amounts of specialized insulin that rapidly disables fish. Discoverers at the University of Utah say this stripped-down version of the hormone may prove useful in studying insulin function and energy metabolism in people.
National Institutes of Health, European Commission

Contact: Joe Rojas-Burke
University of Utah

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
A new neural circuit controls fear in the brain
For the nearly 40 million people who suffer from anxiety disorders, debilitating fear prevents them from participating in life's most mundane moments, from driving a car to riding in an elevator. Today, a team of researchers at CSHL describes a new pathway that controls fear memories and behavior in the mouse brain, offering mechanistic insight into how anxiety disorders may arise.
National Institutes of Health, The Dana Foundation, NARSAD, Louis Feil Trust, The Stanley Foundation, Harvey L. Karp Discovery Award

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
Couples more likely to get healthy together
People are more successful in taking up healthy habits if their partner makes positive changes too, according to research published in JAMA Internal Medicine today.
Cancer Research UK, British Heart Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Stephanie McClellan
Cancer Research UK

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Know your enemy: Combating whooping cough requires informed vaccine booster schedules
A key to victory in battle, according to Chinese general and military strategist Sun Tzu, is to know your enemy. In the current fight against whooping cough resurgence, perhaps the biggest obstacle is an incomplete understanding of its underlying causes, according to a University of Michigan population ecologist.
US Department of Homeland Security, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bed nets and vaccines: Some combinations may worsen malaria
Combining insecticide-treated bed nets with vaccines and other control measures may provide the best chance at eliminating malaria, which killed nearly 600,000 people worldwide in 2013, most of them African children.
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, James McDonnell Foundation award, Princeton University Grand Challenges.

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Journal of Family Psychology
Early parental program improves long-term childhood outcomes
Children whose parents participated in a prenatal program aimed at enhancing couples' co-parenting relationship were better adjusted at age seven than children whose parents were assigned to a control group, according to Penn State researchers.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3567.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>


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