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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3756.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Diabetes
Engineered hot fat implants reduce weight gain in mice
UC Berkeley scientists have developed a novel way to engineer the growth and expansion of energy-burning 'good' fat, and then found that this fat helped reduce weight gain and lower blood glucose levels in mice.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Environmental Science and Technology
Breastfeeding may expose infants to toxic chemicals
A widely used class of industrial chemicals linked with cancer and interference with immune function -- perfluorinated alkylate substances, or PFASs -- appears to build up in infants by 20-30 percent for each month they're breastfed, according to a new study co-authored by experts from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. It is the first study to show the extent to which PFASs are transferred to babies through breast milk, and to quantify their levels over time.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, Danish Council for Strategic Research, Danish Environmental Protection Agency/DANCEA

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Cell Stem Cell
Study provides hope for some human stem cell therapies
An international team of scientists headed by biologists at UC San Diego has discovered that an important class of stem cells known as human 'induced pluripotent stem cells,' or iPSCs, which are derived from an individual's own cells, can be differentiated into various types of functional cells with different fates of immune rejection.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, NIH/National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
eLife
Molecular machine, not assembly line, assembles microtubules
When they think about how cells put together the molecules that make life work, biologists have tended to think of assembly lines: Add A to B, tack on C, and so on. But the reality might be more like a molecular version of a 3-D printer, where a single mechanism assembles the molecule in one go.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
ACS Nano
Penn researchers use nanoscopic pores to investigate protein structure
University of Pennsylvania researchers have made strides toward a new method of gene sequencing a strand of DNA's bases are read as they are threaded through a nanoscopic hole. In a new study, they have shown that this technique can also be applied to proteins as way to learn more about their structure.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Cell
Clamshell-shaped protein puts the 'jump' in 'jumping genes'
Scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have deciphered the structure and unusual shape of a bacterial protein that prepares segments of DNA for the insertion of so-called jumping genes. The clamshell shape, they say, has never before been seen in a protein but connects nicely with its function: that of bending a segment of DNA into a 180-degree U-turn.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, Spanish Ministry of Education

Contact: Catherine Gara
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Journal of Applied Physiology
Contrary to previous studies, diabetes affects diaphragm, skeletal muscle cells differently
Previous studies have shown that diabetes adversely affects breathing and respiratory function. However, in the past, researchers have not differentiated diaphragm muscle cells and the muscle cells of limb skeletal muscle in their studies. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri have found that diaphragm muscle cells and other skeletal muscle cells behave differently -- a finding that could influence future research on respiratory ailments associated with diabetes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Medical Acupuncture
Hypertensive patients benefit from acupuncture treatments, UCI study finds
Patients with hypertension treated with acupuncture experienced drops in their blood pressure that lasted up to a month and a half, researchers with the Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine have found.
National Institutes of Health, Adolph Coors Foundation, Dana Foundation, Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Journal of Theoretical Biology
Supercomputers listen to the heart
New supercomputer models have come closer than ever to capturing the behavior of normal human heart valves and their replacements, according to recent studies. The studies focused on how heart valve tissue responds to realistic blood flow. The new models can help doctors make more durable repair and replacement of heart valves.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Data mining DNA for polycystic ovary syndrome genes
A new Northwestern Medicine genome-wide association study of PCOS -- the first of its kind to focus on women of European ancestry -- has provided important new insights into the underlying biology of the disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin Spain
spain@northwestern.edu
312-503-0337
Northwestern University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
New clues to the genetic origins of obesity
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has revealed the mechanism underlying the genomic region most strongly associated with obesity.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
NIH grant will fund IUPUI research into collagen's role in bone fracture resistance
A biomedical engineer researcher at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has received a $419,000 National Institutes of Health grant to uncover why mechanical loading of bones increases their resistance to fractures.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rich Schneider
rcschnei@iu.edu
317-278-4564
Indiana University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes
Heart attack patients without obstructive coronary artery disease at high risk of residual angina
Patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are just as at risk of angina as those with obstructive CAD, according to new research published today in the European Heart Journal-Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes.
CV Therapeutics, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Chloe Foster
chloe.foster@oup.com
44-186-535-3584
Oxford University Press

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Neuron
Don't I know that guy?
You see a man at the grocery store. Is that the fellow you went to college with or just a guy who looks like him? It turns out that a tiny spot in the brain has the answer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jill Rosen
jrosen@jhu.edu
443-997-9906
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Synthetic DNA vaccine against MERS induces immunity in animal study
A novel synthetic DNA vaccine can, for the first time, induce protective immunity against the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus in animal species. The experimental, preventive vaccine, given six weeks before exposure to the MERS virus, was found to fully protect rhesus macaques from disease.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Inovio Pharmaceuticals Inc., PA.

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Genome Research
From Genome Research: Genome-wide annotation of primary miRNAs reveals novel mechanisms
MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNAs that play critical roles in regulating gene expression in normal physiology and disease. Despite having tightly controlled expression levels, little is known about how miRNAs themselves are regulated because their genes are poorly defined. In a study published online today in Genome Research, researchers devised a strategy for genome-wide annotation of primary miRNA transcripts, providing extensive new annotations in human and mouse, and shedding light on mechanisms of regulation of microRNA gene expression.
Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peggy Calicchia
calicchi@cshl.edu
516-422-4012
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Vomiting device offers direct evidence that vomit aerosolizes norovirus-like particles
Using a vomiting device of their creation, researchers at North Carolina State University and Wake Forest University are reporting the first direct evidence that vomiting can aerosolize virus particles similar to human norovirus.
NIH/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
$52M NIH grant advances clinical and translational research at UC San Diego
The Clinical and Translational Research Institute at University of California, San Diego has received a five-year Clinical and Translational Science Award for approximately $52 million from the National Center for Advancing Translational Science, part of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
eLife
Scientists report success using zebrafish embryos to identify potential new diabetes drugs
In experiments with 500,000 genetically engineered zebrafish embryos, Johns Hopkins scientists report they have developed a potentially better and more accurate way to screen for useful drugs, and they have used it to identify 24 drug candidates that increase the number of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Science and Technology Development Fund of Macau SAR, Diabetic Complications Consortium

Contact: Marin Hedin
mhedin2@jhmi.edu
410-502-9429
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Science of the Total Environment
Setting ground rules for nanotechnology research
In two new studies, researchers from across the country spearheaded by Duke University faculty have begun to design the framework on which to build the emerging field of nanoinformatics -- the combination of nanoscale research and informatics.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
AIDS
Agricultural intervention improves HIV outcomes
A multifaceted farming intervention can reduce food insecurity while improving HIV outcomes in patients in Kenya, according to a randomized, controlled trial led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UC Global Health Institute Center of Expertise in Women's Health & Empowerment

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
Jeff.Sheehy@ucsf.edu
415-845-1132
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Immunity
UC Davis team finds early inflammatory response paralyzes T cells
In a discovery that is likely to rewrite immunology text books, researchers at UC Davis have found that early exposure to inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 2, can 'paralyze' CD4 T cells, immune components that help orchestrate the body's response to pathogens and other invaders.
National Institutes of Health, Prometheus Laboratories Inc

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
dgriffith@ucdavis.edu
916-734-9118
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Finding biomarkers for early lung cancer diagnosis
Despite decades of warnings about smoking, lung cancer is still the second-most common cancer and the leading cause of death from cancer in the US Researchers at the West Coast Metabolomics Center at UC Davis are trying to change that, by identifying biomarkers that could be the basis of early tests for lung cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Behavioral Brain Research
Study finds nicotine changes marijuana's effect on the brain
How scientists study the effects of marijuana on the brain is changing. Until recently marijuana research largely excluded tobacco users from its participant pool, but scientists at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas have found reason to abandon this practice, uncovering significant differences in the brains of individuals who use both tobacco and marijuana and the brains of those who only use marijuana.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Emily Bywaters
emily.bywaters@utdallas.edu
972-883-3322
Center for BrainHealth

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Sociology of Health & Illness
Anxious? Depressed? Blame it on your middle-management position
Individuals near the middle of the social hierarchy suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety than those at the top or bottom, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Nearly twice the number of supervisors and managers reported they suffered from anxiety compared to workers. Symptoms of depression were reported by 18 percent of supervisors and managers compared to 12 percent for workers.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3756.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

     
   

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