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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3671.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
PLOS Genetics
Keck Medicine of USC-led study finds genetic predisposition for noise-induced hearing loss
In a new genome-wide association study, an international team led by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California neuroscientists has found evidence that some people may be more genetically susceptible to noise-induced hearing loss than others.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Early use of palliative care in cancer improves patients' lives, outcomes for caregivers
A new randomized clinical trial with Dartmouth investigators has noted significant improvement in several measures among those who began palliative care early.
NIH/National Institute for Nursing Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, American Cancer Society

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Gene in high-altitude cattle disease sheds light on human lung disease
Vanderbilt University researchers have found a genetic mutation that causes pulmonary hypertension in cattle grazed at high altitude, and which leads to a life-threatening condition called brisket disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
New '4-D' lung cancer model could quicken discoveries
Researchers at Houston Methodist have invented a new, ex vivo lung cancer model that mimics the process of tumor progression. Tests of the model are published this month in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery, now online.
American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Graham Research Foundation, Houston Methodist Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Research & Prevention Institute of Texas

Contact: David Bricker
Houston Methodist

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Psychological Science
Man with restored sight provides new insight into how vision develops
Fifteen years after California man Mike May underwent a pioneering stem cell procedure that restored his sight, researchers look at whether he has regained functional vision.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Smallpox vaccine virus helps UNL scientist understand immunity
Understanding a virus that helped wipe out smallpox in the last century could lead to better treatment of some viral diseases such as HIV and herpes.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Matthew Wiebe
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain development suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, UCI study finds
While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, UC Irvine scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
BPA exposure affects fertility in next 3 generations of mice
When scientists exposed pregnant mice to levels of bisphenol A equivalent to those considered safe in humans, three generations of female mouse offspring experienced significant reproductive problems, including declines in fertility, sexual maturity and pregnancy success. (Includes infographic.)
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
UC researcher receives grant of almost $1.6 million to study rare lung disease
A team of University of Cincinnati researchers will use a grant of almost $1.6 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the rare lung disease pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Cedric Ricks
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Scientists uncover how molecule protects brain cells in Parkinson's disease model
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have found how a widely known but little-studied enzyme protects brain cells in models of Parkinson's disease. These findings could provide valuable insight into the development of drug candidates that could protect brain cells in Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Michael J Fox Foundation/23&Me, Saul and Theresa Esman Foundation, McCubbin Family

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shape-shifting molecule tricks viruses into mutating themselves to death
A newly developed spectroscopy method is helping to clarify the poorly understood molecular process by which an anti-HIV drug induces lethal mutations in the virus's genetic material. The findings from the University of Chicago and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could bolster efforts to develop the next generation of anti-viral treatments.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Inside health-reform savings
In the first year of Medicare's Pioneer Accountable Care Organization program, the 32 participating provider organizations achieved a 1.2 percent savings while maintaining or improving performance on measures of quality of care. Researchers examined how savings differed by potentially policy-relevant characteristics of the participating accountable care organizations.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Laura and John Arnold Foundation, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Restoring cellular energy signals may treat mitochondrial diseases in humans
Mitochondrial disorders, rooted in malfunctions within tiny cellular power plants, are notoriously complex, with few effective treatments. But by using existing human drugs to improve metabolism in microscopic worms, scientists have set the stage for clinical trials of possible innovative therapies for mitochondrial disease.
National Institutes of Health, Philadelphia Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
International Journal of Epidemiology
Paternal sperm may hold clues to autism
In a small study, Johns Hopkins researchers found that DNA from the sperm of men whose children had early signs of autism shows distinct patterns of regulatory tags that could contribute to the condition.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Autism Speaks

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
New method increases accuracy of ovarian cancer prognosis and diagnosis
University of Utah scientists have uncovered patterns of DNA anomalies that predict a woman's outcome significantly better than tumor stage. In addition, these patterns are the first known indicator of how well a woman will respond to platinum therapy. Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the patterns were discovered by using a new mathematical technique in the analysis of DNA profiles from the Cancer Genome Atlas, a national database containing data from hundreds of ovarian cancer patients.
Utah Science, Technology, and Research Initiative, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Child Development
Mentally stepping back from problems helps youth deal with negative emotions
A study of adolescents has found that youth who are able to mentally take a step back from their point of view become less upset than peers who reflect on a negative situation from a self-immersed perspective. The study also found that children are more able to utilize self-distancing strategies successfully as they age.
John F. Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Link between social anxiety and drug use offers opportunities for more effective treatment
A team led by Case Western Reserve researchers has identified a promising approach to lowering relapse rates among youths addicted to illegal drugs or alcohol. In a study of nearly 200 teenagers admitted to a residential treatment center, Maria Pagano, Ph.D., confirmed the prevalence of social anxiety issues as well as the benefits of measures designed to alleviate social distress. These findings were posted online this month in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Nanoparticles at specific temperature stimulate antitumor response
Seeking a way to stimulate antitumor responses via the immune system, Dartmouth researchers have identified the precise temperature that results in a distinct body-wide antitumor immune response that resists metastatic disease.
Dartmouth University, National Institutes of Health, Center for Molecular, Cellular, and Translational Immunological Research, Norris Cotton Cancer Center

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Cancer Cell
Rare, deadly lymphoma demystified
This is the first-ever systematic study of the genomes of patients with ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma, a particularly aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Five days of eating fatty foods can alter how your body's muscle processes food
After just five days of eating a high-fat diet, the way in which the body's muscle processes nutrients changes, which could lead to long-term problems such as weight gain, obesity, and other health issues, a new study has found.
American Diabetes Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zeke Barlow
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Heart attack risk high in divorced women, even after remarrying
Divorced women suffer heart attacks at higher rates than women who are continuously married, a new study from Duke Medicine has found. A woman who has been through two or more divorces is nearly twice as likely to have a heart attack when compared to their stably-married female peers, according to the findings.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
TSRI scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption
Why do smokers have a five to 10 times greater risk of developing alcohol dependence than nonsmokers? Do smokers have a greater tendency toward addiction in general or does nicotine somehow reinforce alcohol consumption? A study led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute helps provide insight into these questions, showing that, in rat models, nicotine exposure actually promotes alcohol dependence.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Brazilian Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Cancer Cell
Recruiting the entire immune system to attack cancer
MIT studies finds that stimulating both major branches of the immune system halts tumor growth more effectively.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Alzheimer's & Dementia
Study: Civic engagement may stave off brain atrophy, improve memory
Instead of shrinking as expected, as part of the normal aging process, the memory center in the brains of seniors maintained their size and, in men, grew modestly after two years in a program that engaged them in meaningful and social activities, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.
Johns Hopkins Neurobehavioral Research Unit, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation, Johns Hopkins Epidemiology and Biostatistics of Aging Research Fellowship

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
High fidelity: SLU researcher finds keys to genome integrity
Lesions in DNA can occur as often as 100,000 times per cell per day. Saint Louis University researchers share a discovery that explains how cells use a process called replication fork reversal in order to deal with these roadblocks and transmit accurate genetic data.
National Institutes of Health, Saint Louis University Cancer Center

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 3671.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>


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