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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3685.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
The Lancet
Researchers call for investment in cancer control in low- and middle-income countries
Investments in cancer control -- prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care -- are increasingly needed in low- and, particularly, middle-income countries, where most of the world's cancer deaths occur, a paper published today in The Lancet recommends.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Self-calibration enhances BrainGate ease, reliability
Innovations in the decoders of the investigational BrainGate brain-computer interface now allow the system to recalibrate itself. Users can work with BrainGate for longer sessions without interruptions for recalibration by technical staff.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Institutes of Health, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, MGH-Deane Institute, Joseph Martin Prize for Basic Research, Katie Samson Foundation, Craig H. Neilsen Foundation, Stanford BioX-NeuroVentures, and others

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Wrist fractures could predict susceptibility to serious fractures in postmenopausal women
A new UCLA-led study suggests that postmenopausal women younger than age 65 who experienced a wrist fracture could be at increased risk for bone fractures in other parts of their bodies later in life.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rare Her2 mutations may not always spur breast cancers on their own
Results of a new laboratory study by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers suggests that some rare 'missense' mutations in the HER2 gene are apparently not -- on their own -- capable of causing breast cancer growth or spread.
Avon Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Conquer Cancer Foundation, Breast Cancer Specialized Program of Research Excellence, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
BIDMC researchers describe strategies to decrease immune responses in IBD
New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center helps explain the role of an immunosuppressive pathway associated with irritable bowel disease, a condition that develops in genetically susceptible individuals when the body's immune system overreacts to intestinal tissue, luminal bacteria or both.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Mindfulness meditation trumps placebo in pain reduction
Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have found new evidence that mindfulness meditation reduces pain more effectively than placebo.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Mind and Life Institute Francisco J. Varela Award, Wake Forest Center for Integrative Medicine

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
American Journal of Medicine
UA-led research: Prevention of macular degeneration possible
University of Arizona researchers have found that patients who take levodopa, or l-dopa, a common treatment for Parkinson's disease, appear far less likely to develop macular degeneration, an eye disease that gradually destroys the ability to read, drive, write and see close-up in 30 percent of older Americans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jane Erikson
University of Arizona

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Sunscreen ingredient may prevent medical implant infections
A common ingredient in sunscreen could be an effective antibacterial coating for medical implants such as pacemakers and replacement joints.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Research Foundation of Korea, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
University of Michigan

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Researchers to study how to treat behavior that leads to type 2 diabetes
Warren Bickel, a professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, recently received a $2.4 million grant to investigate and improve maladaptive decision-making that may contribute to type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Adding antiangiogenesis increases effectiveness of radiation against NF2-associated tumors
Treatment with antiangiogenesis drugs may improve the effectiveness of radiation treatment of nervous system tumors that interfere with the hearing of patients with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis 2.
Children's Tumor Foundation, American Cancer Society, CTF Drug Discovery Initiative, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Stem Cells
Pitt study: Chronic arsenic exposure can impair ability of muscle to heal after injury
Chronic exposure to arsenic can lead to stem cell dysfunction that impairs muscle healing and regeneration.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Pennsylvania Department of Health, Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Research points to development of single vaccine for Chikungunya, related viruses
What if a single vaccine could protect people from infection by many different viruses? That concept is a step closer to reality. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified 'broadly neutralizing' antibodies that protect against infection by multiple, distantly related alphaviruses -- including Chikungunya virus -- that cause fever and debilitating joint pain. The discovery, in mice, lays the groundwork for a single vaccine or antibody-based treatment against many different alphaviruses.
National Institutes of Health, Dutch Organization for Scientific Research, University Medical Center Groningen

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Nature Medicine
New SARS-like virus can jump directly from bats to humans, no treatment available
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a new bat SARS-like virus that can jump directly from its bat hosts to humans without mutation. However, researchers point out that if the SARS-like virus did jump, it is still unclear whether it could spread from human to human.
National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China awards

Contact: Thania Benios
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Psychological Science
Study shows why 4-year-olds don't thrive in Head Start classes
Most Head Start classrooms serve children of mixed ages and that hurts the academic growth of older children, a new national study suggests.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Kelly Purtell
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Computer model reveals deadly route of Ebola outbreak
A research team led by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health mapped the spread of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, providing the most detailed picture to date on the disease spread and identifying two critical opportunities to control the epidemic. The novel statistical method gives health authorities a new tool to plan interventions to contain future outbreaks in real time, and not just of Ebola.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
Novel stem cell line avoids risk of introducing transplanted tumors
In a new study published Nov. 10, 2015 in the online journal eLIFE, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine describe a new 'progenitor cell' capable of unlimited expansion and differentiation into mature kidney cells, but without the risk of forming tumors.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015
Obese kids young as age 8 show signs of heart disease
Imaging tests of obese children's hearts showed signs of heart disease, including kids as young as 8 years old. Obese children had 27 percent more muscle mass in the left ventricle of their hearts and 12 percent thicker heart muscles -- both signs of heart disease -- compared to normal weight children. Forty percent of the obese children were considered 'high-risk' because of problems with thickened muscle in the heart as well as impaired pumping ability.
The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and by the American Heart Association Great Rivers Affiliate.

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Nature Methods
New method IDs up to twice as many proteins and peptides in mass spectrometry data
An team of researchers developed a method that identifies up to twice as many proteins and peptides in mass spectrometry data than conventional approaches. The method can be applied to a range of fields, including clinical settings and fundamental biology research for cancer and other diseases. The key to the method's improved performance is its ability to compare data to so-called spectral libraries -- a pattern-matching exercise -- rather than individual spectra or a database of sequences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015
New England Journal of Medicine
CPR by medics: Keep pumping or stop for rescue breathing?
The largest study so far of the outcomes of CPR performed by medics for people suffering an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was conducted at 114 agencies across the United States and Canada. The researchers unexpectedly found that continuous chest compressions did not offer survival advantages, when compared to interrupting manual chest pumping to perform rescue breathing. Nor were continuous chest compressions better in protecting brain function among those who survived and were later discharged from the hospital.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Army Medical Research & Materiel Command, Canadian Institute of Health Research, Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health, and others

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nerve cells warn brain of damage to the inner ear
Some nerve cells in the inner ear can signal tissue damage in a way similar to pain-sensing nerve cells in the body, according to new research from Johns Hopkins. If the finding, discovered in rats, is confirmed in humans, it may lead to new insights into hyperacusis, an increased sensitivity to loud noises that can lead to severe and long-lasting ear pain.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Catherine Gara
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
American Journal of Medicine
Study: Drug may delay, prevent blindness for millions of older Americans
A drug already used safely to treat Parkinson's disease, restless leg syndrome and other movement disorders also could delay or prevent the most common cause of blindness affecting more than 9 million older Americans -- age-related macular degeneration. Researchers have discovered that patients who take the drug L-DOPA are significantly less likely to develop AMD, and if they do get AMD it's at a significantly older age, according to study published online Nov. 4 in the American Journal of Medicine.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness, Bright Focus Foundation, Edward N. & Della L. Thome Memorial Foundation, Wisconsin Genomics Initiative, and others

Contact: Jeff Starck
Lindsay, Ston & Briggs

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Lab on a Chip
Using microfluidic devices to sort stem cells
By transporting stem cell clusters through a micro-scale, spiral-shaped device, Northwestern University researchers found they can safely isolate single stem cells.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
The art of appropriate patient selection for heart procedures
A decline in the number of heart patients undergoing unnecessary PCI (angioplasty) procedures reflects improvements in clinical decision-making and documentation to determine which patients benefit most from the procedure, according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, US Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development, Center for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research at Yale, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and others

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015
Genetic risk information for coronary heart disease leads to lower bad cholesterol
A group of researchers led by Mayo Clinic has discovered that disclosing genetic risk for coronary heart disease, also known as bad cholesterol. The findings of the Myocardial Infarction Genes (MI-GENES) Study were presented today at the annual American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2015 as a late-breaking clinical trial.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Traci Klein
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
NYU research: Cellular mechanism for transporting Ca2+ in the formation of enamel cells
The team found that the main calcium influx pathway involved in the mineralization of enamel [called the CRAC (Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+) channel -- the main type of SOCE (Store-operated Ca2+ entry) channel -- is critical for controlling calcium uptake, which is necessary for the development of tooth enamel.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Melbourne Research Unit for Facial Disorders, Alfonso Martin Escudero Foundation

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3685.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>


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