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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3537.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
A previously unrecognized flame retardant found in Americans for the first time
This is the first study to find the carcinogenic flame retardant TCEP in the bodies of Americans. It's also the first study to evaluate urinary levels of several phosphate flame retardant metabolites, like TCEP, which have been largely under the radar. Six metabolites were found in urine samples from California residents. People with the highest metabolite levels of two carcinogenic flame retardants also had the highest levels in their house dust, which were previously tested.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, New York Community Trust, Fine Fund, Art beCAUSE Breast Cancer Foundation

Contact: Amelia Jarvinen
jarvinen@silentspring.org
617-332-4288 x226
Silent Spring Institute

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Errors in single gene may protect against heart disease
Rare mutations that shut down a single gene are linked to lower cholesterol levels and a 50 percent reduction in the risk of heart attack, according to new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, the Broad Institute at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard, and other institutions.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Foundation for Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Banting Fellowship

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Predicting US Army suicides after hospital discharge
A new report from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers suggests that some Army suicides can be predicted with enough accuracy to justify implementing preventive interventions in patients at high risk.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Semen directly impairs effectiveness of microbicides that target HIV
Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes and the University of Ulm have discovered why microbicides developed to prevent HIV succeed in the lab but fail in clinical trials: Semen. Semen enhances the infectiousness of HIV by causing the virus to cluster together, increasing its ability to attach to and infect cells. This effect is then sufficient to override the antiviral properties of the microbicides.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Ministerium-Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst, Baden-Württemberg, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, European Research Council

Contact: Dana Smith
dana.smith@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2532
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Nature
Humans' big brains might be due in part to newly identified protein
A protein that may partly explain why human brains are larger than those of other animals has been identified by scientists from two stem-cell labs at University of California San Francisco.
National Institutes of Health, Bernard Osher Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Damon Runyon Foundation, University of California San Francisco Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, Sandler Foundation

Contact: Scott Maier
scott.maier@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Nature
Research suggests how mosquitoes evolved an attraction to human scent
The female mosquitoes that spread dengue and yellow fever didn't always rely on human blood to nourish their eggs. Their ancestors fed on furrier animals. But then, thousands of years ago, some of these bloodsuckers made a smart switch: They began biting humans and hitchhiked all over the globe, spreading disease in their wake. To understand the evolutionary basis of this attraction, a research team examined the genes that drive some mosquitoes to prefer humans.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Franklin Hoke
fhoke@rockefeller.edu
212-327-8998
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Brain and Language
Bilingual brains better equipped to process information
Speaking more than one language is good for the brain, according to new research that indicates bilingual speakers process information more efficiently and more easily than those who know a single language. The benefits occur because the bilingual brain is constantly activating both languages and choosing which language to use and which to ignore, said Northwestern University's Viorica Marian, a professor in the department of communication sciences and disorders in the School of Communication.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie Deardorff
julie.deardorff@northwestern.edu
847-491-4890
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Heart attack, stroke survivors' care needs may be much greater than experts thought
A record number of people are surviving heart attacks and stroke but those who do may experience a sharp decline in physical abilities that steadily accelerates over time.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Administration

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
PLOS ONE
New publications detail photonics advances by UT Arlington physics team
Publications in PLOS ONE and Nature Scientific Reports describe the work of a UT Arlington physics team using near infrared laser beams.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Penn Vet team pieces together signaling pathway leading to obesity
A team of researchers led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine's Kendra K. Bence have now drawn connections between known regulators of body mass, pointing to possible treatments for obesity and metabolic disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Penn's Institute for Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Penn-Dresden study blocks multiple sclerosis relapses in mice
In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and co-investigators have identified a key protein that is able to reduce the severity of a disease equivalent to multiple sclerosis in mice.
National Research Foundation of Korea, Novartis Foundation for Therapeutical Research, NIH Intramural Research Program, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, others

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Forum for Health Economics and Policy
Study: Baby boomers will drive explosion in Alzheimer's-related costs in coming decades
The financial burden of Alzheimer's disease on the United States will increase from $307 billion annually to $1.5 trillion by 2050, according to models.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
ACS Nano
Microtubes create cozy space for neurons to grow, and grow fast
Tiny, thin microtubes could provide a scaffold for neuron cultures to grow so that researchers can study neural networks, their growth and repair, yielding insights into treatment for degenerative neurological conditions or restoring nerve connections after injury.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Menopause
When bone density is good, no repeat tests needed for younger postmenopausal women
After menopause and before age 65, women who have normal bone density have a very low risk of fracture, shows a new study from the Women's Health Initiative published online in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society. That means these women don't need another bone mass density test before age 65.
NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eileen Petridis
epetridis@fallscommunications.com
216-696-0229
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Altered milk protein can deliver AIDS drug to infants
A novel method of altering a protein in milk to bind with an antiretroviral drug promises to greatly improve treatment for infants and young children suffering from HIV/AIDS, according to a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Nature
Supercomputing beyond genealogy reveals surprising European ancestors
Most Europeans today derive from three distinct populations, as evidenced by sequenced genomes of nine ancient remains and 2,345 contemporary humans. Genomic analysis of modern and ancient DNA, combined with archeological evidence is revealing new complexity in human history. Scientists used the NSF XSEDE Stampede supercomputer of the Texas Advanced Computing Center to model and compare genomic data of ancient and modern Europeans.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
HIV-infected adults diagnosed with age-related diseases at similar ages as uninfected
New research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that HIV-infected adults are at a higher risk for developing heart attacks, kidney failure and cancer. But, contrary to what many had believed, the researchers say these illnesses are occurring at similar ages as adults who are not infected with HIV.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, and more

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Study finds traditional healers contribute to HIV care delays
If you're a native of rural Mozambique who contracts HIV and becomes symptomatic, before seeking clinical testing and treatment, you'll likely consult a traditional healer.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
GigaScience
GigaScience publishes a virtual box of delights to aid the fight against heart disease
Early diagnosis of coronary heart disease is essential for prevention of most heart attacks, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a primary diagnostic tool. MRIs examine blood flow to the heart myocardium; however, compensation for the patient's breathing motion is needed. This requires complex image processing methods, but current methods are inadequate. A major way forward to drive testing, optimization and development of new methods is making large public MRI datasets available.
Spain's Ministry of Science and Innovation through INNPACTO, Comunidad de Madrid, European RegionalDevelopment Funds, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Intramural Research Program

Contact: Scott Edmunds
scott@gigasciencejournal.com
852-361-03531
GigaScience

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
JAMA
Patients who do not enroll in hospice are more likely to receive aggressive cancer care
More patients with cancer use hospice today than ever before, but there are indications that care intensity outside of hospice is increasing, and length of hospice stay decreasing. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital examined how hospice affects health care utilization and costs and found that in a sample of elderly Medicare patients with advanced cancer, hospice care was associated with significantly lower rates of both health care utilization and total costs during the last year of life.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
estpeter@partners.org
617-525-6375
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Multiple models reveal new genetic links in autism
With the help of mouse models, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and the 'tooth fairy,' researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have implicated a new gene in idiopathic or non-syndromic autism.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo and Conselho Nacion

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
PLOS Medicine
Genes identify transplant rejection
Acute rejection after kidney transplantation occurs in about 15-20 percent of patients despite immunosuppressive therapy. In the Assessment of Acute Rejection in Renal Transplantation study published this week in PLOS Medicine, Minnie Sarwal (Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America) and colleagues developed a 17-gene set to analyze patients' peripheral blood samples to determine which patients were at risk of acute rejection of their kidney transplants.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases , Mexican Federal Funds for Research, NIH, Spanish national public grant, European Commission Grant within the BIODRIM Consortium

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Cell Reports
The brain's 'inner GPS' gets dismantled
Imagine being able to recognize your car as your own but never being able to remember where you parked it. Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have induced this all-too-common human experience -- or a close version of it -- permanently in rats and from what is observed perhaps derive clues about why strokes and Alzheimer's disease can destroy a person's sense of direction.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Smoking associated with elevated risk of developing a second smoking-related cancer
Results of a federally-funded pooled analysis of five prospective cohort studies indicate that cigarette smoking prior to the first diagnosis of lung (stage I), bladder, kidney or head and neck cancer increases risk of developing a second smoking-associated cancer. This is the largest study to date exploring risk of second cancers among current smokers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kate Blackburn
kate.blackburn@asco.org
571-483-1379
American Society of Clinical Oncology

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Lung cancer screening with low-dose CT could be cost effective says Dartmouth study
Dartmouth researchers say lung cancer screening in the National Lung Screening Trial meets a commonly accepted standard for cost effectiveness as reported in the Nov. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. This relatively new screening test uses annual low-dose CT scans to spot lung tumors early in individuals facing the highest risks of lung cancer due to age and smoking history.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rick Adams
Clarence.R.Adams@hitchcock.org
603-653-1910
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3537.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

     
   

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