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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3765.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Child Development
Stress in low-income families can affect children's learning
Children living in low-income households who endure family instability and emotionally distant caregivers are at risk of having impaired cognitive abilities according to new research from the University of Rochester.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Monique Patenaude
University of Rochester

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
PLOS Pathogens
How flu viruses use transportation networks in the US
An analysis of transportation data and flu cases conducted by Emory University biologists marks the first time genetic patterns for the spread of flu have been detected at the scale of the continental United States.
National Institutes of Health, RAPIDD Programme of the Science and Technology Directorate, Department of Homeland Security, the Fogarty International Center

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Musicians don't just hear in tune, they also see in tune
A new experiment shows that auditory melodies can enhance a musician's visual awareness of written music, particularly when the two match.
National Research Foundation of Korea, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
International team discovers new genetic immunodeficiency
An analysis of five families has revealed a previously unknown genetic immunodeficiency, says an international team led by researchers from Boston Children's Hospital.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Clinical and Translational Sciences, Manton Foundation, European Research Council, Austrian Science Fund START

Contact: Bethany Tripp
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
UPitt researchers find link between neighborhood quality and cellular aging
Regardless of chronological age, people who live in neighborhoods with high crime, noise, and vandalism are biologically more than a decade older than those who do not, according to a study led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh. The findings were published online today in PLOS ONE.
National Institutes of Health, Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development

Contact: Amy Charley
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Human Genetics
Cataract culprits
When cataracts encroach on the eyes, the only effective remedy is to surgically replace the eyes' lenses with synthetic substitutes. But what if scientists found a way to delay or prevent cataracts from forming in the first place? Researchers at the University of Delaware may have found such an opportunity by identifying the prime suspects in the formation of cataracts -- deficiency of two genes that encode regulatory proteins.
National Institutes of Health, Fight for Sight

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Circulation Research
Temple-led team uses stem cell exosomes to induce damaged mouse hearts to self-repair
A little more than a decade ago, researchers discovered that all cells secrete tiny communications modules jammed with an entire work crew of messages for other cells. Today, a team of researchers, led by stem cell researcher Raj Kishore, Ph.D., Director of the Stem Cell Therapy Program at Temple University School of Medicine, is harnessing the communications vesicles excreted by stem cells and using them to induce the damaged heart to repair itself.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Scientists shows AIDS vaccine candidate successfully 'primes' immune system
New research led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative and The Rockefeller University shows in mice that an experimental vaccine candidate designed at TSRI can stimulate the immune system activity necessary to stop HIV infection. The findings could provide key information for the development of an effective AIDS vaccine.
NIH CHAVI-ID, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Aids Fonds Netherlands, Swedish Research Council, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Safeguarding against chlamydia
Researchers have created a vaccine that generates two waves of protective immune cells needed to eliminate chlamydial infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Nature Genetics
Detroit researchers help identify gene mutation that can trigger lymphoblastic leukemia
After collecting data on a leukemia-affected family for nearly a decade, Children's Hospital of Michigan Hematologist and Wayne State University School of Medicine Professor of Pediatrics Madhvi Rajpurkar, M.D., joined an international team of genetic researchers in an effort to track down a mutation partly responsible for causing the disease. Their findings, recently published in one of the world's leading science journals, have 'major implications' for better understanding the genetic basis of several types of cancer, including leukemia.
National Institutes of Health, Postle Family Chair in Pediatric Cancer and Blood Disorders

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Cell Stem Cell
Scientists identify progenitor cells for blood and immune system
University of California San Francisco scientists have identified characteristics of a family of daughter cells, called MPPs, which are the first to arise from stem cells within bone marrow that generate the entire blood system
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Current Biology
Protein 'comet tails' propel cell recycling process
Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Lou Gehrig's, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and Huntington's disease, all result in part from a defect in autophagy -- one way a cell removes and recycles misfolded proteins and pathogens. Researchers show for the first time that the formation of ephemeral compartments key in this process require actin polymerization by a complex of seven proteins, which creates 'comet tails.'
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, American Cancer Society

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Single enzyme's far-reaching influence in human biology and disease
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have made a surprisingly simple discovery: The modification of more than 100 secreted proteins is the work of a single enzyme called Fam20C. The finding is published June 18 by Cell.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, AIRC

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
TSRI research leads to 3-D structures of key molecule implicated in diseases of the brain
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have teamed up with several other institutions and pharmaceutical companies, to publish the first 3-D structures of a receptor implicated in many diseases of the brain and in normal physiology throughout the body. Surprisingly, the structures revealed a new understanding of the body's use of cannabinoids -- a naturally produced substance chemically related to marijuana.
National Institutes of Health, Ono Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scientists find evidence of key ingredient during dawn of life
Scientists from the UNC School of Medicine provide the first direct experimental evidence for how primordial proteins developed the ability to accelerate the central chemical reaction necessary to synthesize proteins and thus allow life to arise not long after Earth was created.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Cell Metabolism
Diet that mimics fasting appears to slow aging
Study shows broad health benefits from periodic use of diet that mimics fasting in mice and yeast -- which appear to translate to humans, also.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
TSRI study points to unexplored realm of protein biology, drug targets
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised a powerful set of chemical methods for exploring the biology of proteins. The techniques are designed to reveal protein interactions with lipids -- a class of biological molecules including some vitamins (A, D, E), hormones (estrogen, testosterone), neurotransmitters (endocannabinoids) and components of fat (triglycerides, cholesterol).
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
The majority rules when baboons vote with their feet
Olive baboon troops decide where to move democratically, despite their hierarchical social order, according to a new report in Science magazine by Smithsonian researchers and colleagues. At the Mpala Research Centre in Kenya, the team conducted the first-ever group-level GPS tracking study of primates, finding that any individual baboon can contribute to a troop's collective movement.
National Science Foundation, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Princeton University, National Institutes of Health, Biotechnology and Biosciences Research Council, Office of Naval Research, Army Research

Contact: Geetha Iyer
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Specific roles of adult neural stem cells may be determined before birth
Adult neural stem cells, which are commonly thought of as having the ability to develop into many type of brain cells, are in reality pre-programmed before birth to make very specific types of neurons, at least in mice, according to a study led by UC San Francisco researchers.
National Institutes of Health, John G. Bowes Research Fund, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Cell Stem Cell
Molecular cause of heart condition identified by Stanford researchers
Stanford researchers have teased apart the molecular basis for differences in behavior between healthy cells and those from patients with a cardiac condition and identified a drug treatment that partially restores function to diseased cells.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Jun-2015
New biomarkers might help personalize metastatic colorectal cancer treatment
Metastatic colorectal cancer patients tend to live longer when they respond to the first line of chemotherapy their doctors recommend. To better predict how patients will respond to chemotherapy drugs before they begin treatment, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine conducted a proof-of-principle study with a small group of metastatic colorectal cancer patients. The results revealed two genes that could help physicians make more informed treatment decisions for patients with this disease.
Arthur Athans in the name of his wife, Barbara Mae Athans, National Institutes of Health, Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer Research and Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Jun-2015
Researchers discover first sensor of Earth's magnetic field in an animal
Scientists have identified the first sensor of the Earth's magnetic field in an animal, finding in the brain of a tiny worm (C. elegans) a big clue to a long-held mystery about how animals' internal compasses work.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 17-Jun-2015
Psychological Science
Medical resources allocated equally across groups, but more efficiently across individuals
People make dramatically different decisions about who should receive hypothetical transplant organs depending on whether the potential recipients are presented as individuals or as part of a larger group, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings show that when recipients are considered in groups, people tend to allocate organs equally across the groups, ignoring information about the patients' chances of success.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 17-Jun-2015
Beating advanced cancers: New epigenomic block for advanced cancer
An international research team led by Mayo Clinic oncologists has found a new way to identify and possibly stop the progression of many late-stage cancers, including bladder, blood, bone, brain, lung and kidney.
National Institutes of Health, Mayo Clinic, Mayo Clinic/Center for Individualized Medicine

Contact: Sam Smith
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 17-Jun-2015
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Lower heart rate variability turns women off
Chances are good that women with a low heart rate variability also suffer from sexual dysfunction. That's the finding from a study led by Amelia Stanton of The University of Texas at Austin in the US published in Springer's journal Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stefanie Eggert

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3765.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>


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