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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3466.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Fish oil may help curb seizure frequency in epilepsy
Low doses of fish oil may help to curb the frequency of epileptic seizures when drug treatment no longer works, suggests a small study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Contact: Emma Dickinson
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers discover a key to making new muscles
A new study finds that cyclic bursts of a STAT3 inhibitor can replenish muscle stem cells and promote their differentiation into muscle fibers. The findings are an important step toward developing and maintaining new muscle to treat muscle diseases.
US National Institutes of Health, Sanford-Burnham Center to A.S., California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Deborah Robison
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Genetics
Ultraviolet light-induced mutation drives many skin cancers, Stanford researchers find
A genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely the driving force behind millions of human skin cancers, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, US Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Targeting the protein-making machinery to stop harmful bacteria
In an effort to kill harmful bacteria -- including so-called super-bugs -- many scientists have been focusing on the ribosomes, which manufacture a cell's proteins. But a biologist at the University of Rochester is trying to stop those ribosomes from forming in the first place. And Gloria Culver has, for the first time, isolated the middle steps in the process that forms the ribosomes.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Materials
Platelet-like particles augment natural blood clotting for treating trauma
A new class of synthetic platelet-like particles could augment natural blood clotting for the emergency treatment of traumatic injuries -- and potentially offer doctors a new option for curbing surgical bleeding and addressing certain blood clotting disorders without the need for transfusions of natural platelets.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Infection and Immunity
Study: Viral infection in nose can trigger middle ear infection
Middle ear infections, which affect more than 85 percent of children under the age of 3, can be triggered by a viral infection in the nose rather than solely by a bacterial infection, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Diseases

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Past sexual assault triples risk of future assault for college women
Disturbing news for women on college campuses: a new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions indicates that female college students who are victims of sexual assault are at a much higher risk of becoming victims again.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Disease in a dish approach could aid Huntington's disease discovery
Yerkes scientists have applied iPS technology to a model of Huntington's disease in transgenic nonhuman primates, allowing them to conveniently assess the efficacy of potential therapies on neuronal cells in the laboratory.
NIH/Office of Research Infrastructure Programs

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Psychological Science in the Public Interest
Stigma as a barrier to mental health care
Despite the availability of effective evidence-based treatment, about 40 percent of individuals with serious mental illness do not receive care and many who begin an intervention fail to complete it. A new report, published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, investigates stigma as a significant barrier to care for many individuals with mental illness.
NIH/National Institute on Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Combination microRNA therapy shown to suppress non-small-cell lung cancer
New findings show that a combination of two microRNAs suppressed tumor growth in an an animal model of non-small-cell lung cancer.
American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Research finds no association between wearing a bra and breast cancer
A population-based case-control study found no association between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women, according to research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
International Journal of Obesity
Sugar substitutes not so super sweet after all
The taste of common sugar substitutes is often described as being much more intense than sugar, but participants in a recent study indicated that these non-nutritive sugar substitutes are no sweeter than the real thing, according to Penn State food scientists.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scientists identify rare stem cells that hold potential for infertility treatments
Rare stem cells in testis that produce a biomarker protein called PAX7 help give rise to new sperm cells -- and may hold a key to restoring fertility, research by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests.
David M. Crowley Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, State of Texas Norman Hackerman Advanced Research Program

Contact: Russell Rian
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
A lifetime of outdoor activity may contribute to common eye disease; sunglasses may help
Residential geography, time spent in the sun, and whether or not sunglasses are worn may help explain why some people develop exfoliation syndrome, an eye condition that is a leading cause of secondary open-angle glaucoma and can lead to an increased risk of cataract and cataract surgery complications, according to a study published on Sept. 4 in JAMA, Ophthalmology.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness, Harvard Medical School, Dorris Duke Charitable Foundation

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Knowing how bacteria take out trash could lead to new antibiotics
A team of scientists has reconstructed how bacteria tightly control their growth and division, the cell cycle, by destroying specific proteins through regulated protein degradation. All organisms use controlled protein degradation to alter cell behavior in response to changing environment. A process as reliable and stable as cell division also has to be flexible, to allow the organism to grow and respond. But little has been known about the molecular mechanics of how this works.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Team identifies important regulators of immune cell response
In a collaborative study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute and the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology have developed a more effective method to determine how immune cells called T cells differentiate into specialized types of cells that help eradicate infected cells and assist other immune cells during infection.
National Institutes of Health, Frenchman's Creek Women for Cancer Research

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Avian influenza virus isolated in harbor seals poses a threat to humans
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists found the avian influenza A H3N8 virus that killed harbor seals along the New England coast can spread through respiratory droplets and poses a threat to humans. The research appears in the current issue of the scientific journal Nature Communications.
NIH/National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases US Geological Survey, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Researchers turn to plants to help treat hemophilia
Accidents as minor as a slip of the knife while chopping onions can turn dangerous for patients with hemophilia, who lack the necessary proteins in their blood to stem the flow from a wound.
National Institutes of Health, Bayer

Contact: April Frawley
University of Florida

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Study shows complexities of reducing HIV rates in Russia
Results of a new study conducted in St. Petersburg, Russia, show that decreasing HIV transmission among Russian HIV-infected drinkers will require creative and innovative approaches.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Chemistry & Biology
LSU Health research discovers new therapeutic target for diabetic wound healing
Research led by scientists in Dr. Song Hong's group at LSU Health New Orleans has identified a novel family of chemical mediators that rescue the reparative functions of macrophages -- a main type of mature white blood cells -- impaired by diabetes, restoring their ability to resolve inflammation and heal wounds.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Research to Prevent Blindness

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Plant-based research at Penn prevents complication of hemophilia treatment in mice
In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine and the University of Florida College of Medicine teamed up to develop a strategy to prevent one of the most serious complications of hemophilia treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Bayer

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Reacting to personal setbacks: Do you bounce back or give up?
Sometimes when people get upsetting news -- such as a failing exam grade or a negative job review -- they decide instantly to do better the next time. In other situations that are equally disappointing, the same people may feel inclined to just give up. How can similar setbacks produce such different reactions? It may come down to how much control we feel we have over what happened, according to new research from Rutgers University-Newark. The study is published in the journal Neuron.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Normal-weight counselors feel more successful at helping obese patients slim
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that normal-weight nutrition and exercise counselors report feeling significantly more successful in getting their obese patients to lose weight than those who are overweight or obese.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Health Resources and Services Administration

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Cocaine rewires the brain: New study to unlock keys that could disrupt addiction
Why do cocaine addicts relapse after months or years of abstinence? The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded a University at Buffalo scientist a $2 million grant to conduct research that will provide some answers.
NIH/ational Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Researchers define a spontaneous retinal neovascular mouse model
In a study featured in the Sept. 4 issue of PLOS ONE, researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston Children's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School characterized a novel mutant mouse model, termed neoretinal vascularization 2, which develops abnormal neovessels from retinal vascular plexus. Their hope is this new model will help them understand AMD and develop new treatments for the disease. The new mouse strain was generated through the Jackson Laboratory Eye Mutant Screening Program.
Research to Prevent Blindness, Bright Focus Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3466.

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