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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3690.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Legal drinking age of 18 tied to high school dropout rate
Although there have been calls to lower the legal drinking age from 21, a new study raises the possibility that it could have the unintended effect of boosting the high school dropout rate.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Nancy Chapman
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 27-Sep-2015
Two-drug combo helps older adults with hard-to-treat depression
More than half of older adults with clinical depression don't get better when treated with an antidepressant. But results from a multicenter clinical trial that included Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that adding a second drug -- an antipsychotic medication -- to the treatment regimen helps many of those patients.
NIh/National Institute of Mental Health, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Endowment in Geriatric Psychiatry

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2015
European Cancer Congress (ECC2015)
Cancer Discovery
Genetic profiles of brain metastases differ from those of primary tumors
A new study finds that, while brain metastases share some genetic characteristics with the primary tumors from which they originated, they also carry unique genetic mutations, indicating that the evolutionary pathways of the metastatic and the primary tumors have diverged, which may change sensitivities to targeted therapy drugs.
National Institutes of Health, Brain Science Foundation, Susan G. Komen for the Cure, Terri Brodeur Breast Cancer Foundation, Conquer Cancer Foundation, American Brain Tumor Association, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Mary Kay Foundation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 26-Sep-2015
European Cancer Congress (ECC2015)
Cancer Discovery
Genetic screening of brain metastases could reveal new targets for treatment
Unravelling the genetic sequences of cancer that has spread to the brain could offer unexpected targets for effective treatment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Rice
ECCO-the European CanCer Organisation

Public Release: 25-Sep-2015
Cell Reports
Researchers discover a new mechanism of proteins to block HIV
There is little doubt that the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is devastating. More than 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV and more than 47,000 people are diagnosed annually. Now, University of Missouri researchers have made a discovery in how specialized proteins can inhibit the virus, opening the door for progress in the fight against HIV and for the production of advanced therapeutics to combat the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 25-Sep-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Deep-diving whales could hold answer for synthetic blood
The ultra-stable properties of the proteins that allow deep-diving whales to remain active while holding their breath for up to two hours could help Rice University biochemist John Olson and his colleagues finish a 20-year quest to create lifesaving synthetic blood for human trauma patients.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
Chip-based technology enables reliable direct detection of Ebola virus
A team led by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has developed chip-based technology for reliable detection of Ebola virus and other viral pathogens. The system uses direct optical detection of viral molecules and can be integrated into a simple, portable instrument for use in field situations where rapid, accurate detection of Ebola infections is needed to control outbreaks.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 25-Sep-2015
American Journal of Psychiatry
Breaking the anxiety cycle
Children of anxious parents are at increased risk for developing the disorder. Yet that does not need to be the case, according to new research by UConn Health psychiatrist Golda Ginsburg. Ginsburg and colleagues tested a one-year therapy intervention in 136 families. The study, published online Sept. 25 in The American Journal of Psychiatry, found family-based intervention works.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Krieger
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Tumor necrosis factor in colitis -- bad actor or hero?
Investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have found that a common therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may actually protect against intestinal inflammation by inhibiting pathogenic T-cells. This discovery, reported in the October 2015 issue of Gastroenterology, could lead to new treatment options for the 65 percent of individuals with IBD who do not respond or become resistant to anti-TNF medications.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Sticky gel helps stem cells heal rat hearts
A sticky, protein-rich gel created by Johns Hopkins researchers appears to help stem cells stay on or in rat hearts and restore their metabolism after transplantation, improving cardiac function after simulated heart attacks, according to results of a new study.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Brown University Superfund Research Program earns $10.8M for five-year renewal
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has renewed the Superfund Research Program for a third multiyear period of support. The funding of more than $2.1 million a year for five years will enable Brown University scientists to further pursue studies of contamination at several sites around Rhode Island and effective ways to detect and prevent its adverse health effects.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Inflammatory response may fan the flame of dietary fats' role in obesity-related diseases
A new study finds that an enhanced inflammatory response could be the key link between high saturated fat intake -- a recognized risk factor for obesity-related disorders -- and the development of diseases like type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
University of Vermont College of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Proceedings of 26th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media
How celebrity suicides change support-seeking practices on social media
New research from the Georgia Institute of Technology finds that activity on a Reddit help forum changes dramatically in the aftermath of celebrity suicides. Instead of reaching out to others for support against suicidal thoughts, Redditors show expressions that indicate increased and explicit suicidal tendencies. Content and participation in the days and weeks after a celebrity's death are more likely to be angry and more anxious.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Tiny mitochondria play outsized role in human evolution and disease
Mitochondria are not only the power plants of our cells; these tiny structures also play a central role in our physiology. Furthermore, by enabling flexible responses to new environments, mitochondria have helped humans and other mammals evolve throughout the history of life on Earth.
National Institutes of Health, Simon Foundation

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Research published in NEJM about treatment for unexplained infertility
Dr. Ruben Alvero, director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, has published research in the New England Journal of Medicine about the best treatment for unexplained infertility.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Amy Blustein
Care New England

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Cell Reports
Of brains and bones: How hunger neurons control bone mass
In an advance that helps clarify the role of a cluster of neurons in the brain, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that these neurons not only control hunger and appetite, but also regulate bone mass. The study is published Sept. 24 online ahead of print in the journal Cell Reports.
National Institutes of Health, Core Center award, ADA mentored Fellowship Award

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
New methodology tracks changes in DNA methylation in real time at single-cell resolution
Whitehead Institute researchers have developed a tool that allows scientists to monitor changes in DNA methylation over time in individual cells. Certain diseases, including cancer, cause changes in DNA methylation patterns, and the ability to document these alterations could aid in the development of novel therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Cell Reports
Newly identified biochemical pathway could be target for insulin control
Researchers at Duke Medicine and the University of Alberta are reporting the identification of a new biochemical pathway to control insulin secretion from islet beta cells in the pancreas, establishing a potential target for insulin control.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
Seeking a better way to design drugs
With a three-year, $346,000 award from the National Institutes of Health, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Led by Marion Emmert, Ph.D., will seek to advance the development of a chemical process that could significantly improve the ability to design new pharmaceuticals and streamline the manufacturing of existing drugs. The early-stage technology may yield a more efficient and predictable way of bonding aromatic and benzylic amines to a drug molecule.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Cohen
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Many patients prefer online postoperative care to in-person care
The majority of patients who undergo routine, uncomplicated operations prefer online postoperative consultations to in-person visits, according to results from a new study published online as an 'article in press' on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website.
US Department of Veterans Affairs VA National Quality Scholars Program, National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Dan Hamilton
American College of Surgeons

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
The world's nitrogen fixation, explained
Yale University scientists may have cracked a part of the chemical code for one of the most basic, yet mysterious, processes in the natural world -- nature's ability to transform nitrogen from the air into usable nitrogen compounds.
National Institutes of Health, Max Planck Society

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Ringing in the ears and chronic pain enter by the same gate
Tinnitus and chronic pain have more in common than their ability to afflict millions with the very real experience of 'phantom' sensations. Homing in on their structural and functional bases in the brain, researchers have identified a central gatekeeping system implicated in both disorders. Collaborators at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Georgetown University Medical Center have integrated the latest findings into a disease model of both tinnitus and chronic pain.
National Institutes of Health, American Tinnitus Association, Skirball Foundation, Tinnitus Research Consortium, Belgian American Educational Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Patrick Regan
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Neuroscientists uncover brain abnormalities responsible for tinnitus and chronic pain
Neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center and Germany's Technische Universität München have uncovered the brain malady responsible for tinnitus and for chronic pain -- the uncomfortable, sometimes agonizing sensations that persist long after an initial injury.
National Institutes of Health, American Tinnitus Association, Skirball Foundation, Tinnitus Research Initiative, Tinnitus Research Consortium

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2015
Like a foreman, brain region keeps us on task
Evidence from experiments reported in the journal Neuron show that a specific region of the brain appears essential for resolving the uncertainty that can build up as we progress through an everyday sequence of tasks. It's a key node in a network responsible for keeping us on track.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Wayne State to develop new, rapid results tests for infants with serious infections
A Wayne State University professor has been awarded a five-year, $5.76 million grant from the National Institutes of Health. The research team will study how febrile infants -- babies 2 months or younger who are brought to emergency rooms with invasive bacterial infections -- can avoid invasive procedures such as lumbar punctures, overuse of antibiotics and unnecessary hospitalizations through a new, rapid and more accurate testing to be developed by their research team.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Showing releases 151-175 out of 3690.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>


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