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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3484.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
New targets for treating pulmonary hypertension found
Two new potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a deadly disease marked by high blood pressure in the lungs, have been identified by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Their findings are reported in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, UIC/Area of Excellence Award, Pulmonary Hypertension Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Whale sex: It's all in the hips
Whales and dolphins need their hips, it turns out. The bones that we used to believe were vestigial turn out to be important to reproduction.
University of Southern California, National Institutes of Health, William Cheney, Jr. Memorial Fund for Mammalogy

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Novel cancer drug proves safe for leukemia patients
Results of a Phase I clinical trial showed that a new drug targeting mitochondrial function in human cancer cells was safe and showed some efficacy. The findings, reported by doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, are published in the current online edition of the journal Clinical Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Doug Coley Foundation for Leukemia Research, Frances P. Tutwiler Fund, MacKay Foundation for Cancer Research, Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Unusual immune cell needed to prevent oral thrush, Pitt researchers find
An unusual kind of immune cell in the tongue appears to play a pivotal role in the prevention of thrush, according to the researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine who discovered them. The findings, published online today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, might shed light on why people infected with HIV or who have other immune system impairments are more susceptible to the oral yeast infection.
National Institutes of Health, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh/UPMC, Pediatric Infectious Disease Society, Edmond J. Safra Foundation/Cancer Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Milbank Quarterly
Nearly half of older adults have care needs
Nearly half of older adults -- 18 million people -- have difficulty or get help with daily activities, according to a new study.
US Department of Health and Human Services, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Food craving is stronger, but controllable, for kids
Children show stronger food craving than adolescents and adults, but they are also able to use a cognitive strategy that reduces craving, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cancer Cell
Penn team finds ovarian cancer oncogene in 'junk DNA'
A Penn team has mined 'junk DNA' sequences to identify a non-protein-coding RNA whose expression is linked to ovarian cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund, Breast Cancer Alliance, Department of Defense, Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer Research, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Developmental Cell
Popular cancer drug target implicated in cardiovascular defects
UNC School of Medicine researchers have discovered an unlikely relationship between CXCR7 -- a protein implicated in tumor growth and metastasis -- and adrenomedullin -- a hormone involved in cardiovascular health. Deleting CXCR7 allows adrenomedullin to run rampant, triggering the development of an enlarged heart and the overgrowth of the lymphatic vessels that traffic immune cells and fluids throughout the body.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In directing stem cells, study shows context matters
Figuring out how blank slate stem cells decide which kind of cell they want to be when they grow up -- a muscle cell, a bone cell, a neuron -- has been no small task for science. Now, in a new study, a team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has added a new wrinkle to the cell differentiation equation, showing that the stiffness of the surfaces on which stem cells are grown can exert a profound influence on cell fate.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Kiessling
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cancer Cell
Notch1 and osteoblasts play role in bone cancer initiation
A new mouse model of osteogenic sarcoma, a potentially deadly form of bone cancer, shows that high levels of Notch1, a gene that helps determine cell fate, can drive osteoblasts, cells that normally lead to bone formation, to become cancerous, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in a report in the journal Cancer Cell.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Baylor College of Medicine, Cancer Fighters of Houston

Contact: Glenna Picton
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Fish oil may help curb seizure frequency in epilepsy
Low doses of fish oil may help to curb the frequency of epileptic seizures when drug treatment no longer works, suggests a small study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Contact: Emma Dickinson
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers discover a key to making new muscles
A new study finds that cyclic bursts of a STAT3 inhibitor can replenish muscle stem cells and promote their differentiation into muscle fibers. The findings are an important step toward developing and maintaining new muscle to treat muscle diseases.
US National Institutes of Health, Sanford-Burnham Center to A.S., California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Deborah Robison
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Genetics
Ultraviolet light-induced mutation drives many skin cancers, Stanford researchers find
A genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely the driving force behind millions of human skin cancers, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, US Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Targeting the protein-making machinery to stop harmful bacteria
In an effort to kill harmful bacteria -- including so-called super-bugs -- many scientists have been focusing on the ribosomes, which manufacture a cell's proteins. But a biologist at the University of Rochester is trying to stop those ribosomes from forming in the first place. And Gloria Culver has, for the first time, isolated the middle steps in the process that forms the ribosomes.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Materials
Platelet-like particles augment natural blood clotting for treating trauma
A new class of synthetic platelet-like particles could augment natural blood clotting for the emergency treatment of traumatic injuries -- and potentially offer doctors a new option for curbing surgical bleeding and addressing certain blood clotting disorders without the need for transfusions of natural platelets.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Infection and Immunity
Study: Viral infection in nose can trigger middle ear infection
Middle ear infections, which affect more than 85 percent of children under the age of 3, can be triggered by a viral infection in the nose rather than solely by a bacterial infection, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Diseases

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Past sexual assault triples risk of future assault for college women
Disturbing news for women on college campuses: a new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions indicates that female college students who are victims of sexual assault are at a much higher risk of becoming victims again.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Disease in a dish approach could aid Huntington's disease discovery
Yerkes scientists have applied iPS technology to a model of Huntington's disease in transgenic nonhuman primates, allowing them to conveniently assess the efficacy of potential therapies on neuronal cells in the laboratory.
NIH/Office of Research Infrastructure Programs

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Psychological Science in the Public Interest
Stigma as a barrier to mental health care
Despite the availability of effective evidence-based treatment, about 40 percent of individuals with serious mental illness do not receive care and many who begin an intervention fail to complete it. A new report, published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, investigates stigma as a significant barrier to care for many individuals with mental illness.
NIH/National Institute on Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Combination microRNA therapy shown to suppress non-small-cell lung cancer
New findings show that a combination of two microRNAs suppressed tumor growth in an an animal model of non-small-cell lung cancer.
American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Research finds no association between wearing a bra and breast cancer
A population-based case-control study found no association between bra wearing and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women, according to research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
International Journal of Obesity
Sugar substitutes not so super sweet after all
The taste of common sugar substitutes is often described as being much more intense than sugar, but participants in a recent study indicated that these non-nutritive sugar substitutes are no sweeter than the real thing, according to Penn State food scientists.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scientists identify rare stem cells that hold potential for infertility treatments
Rare stem cells in testis that produce a biomarker protein called PAX7 help give rise to new sperm cells -- and may hold a key to restoring fertility, research by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests.
David M. Crowley Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, State of Texas Norman Hackerman Advanced Research Program

Contact: Russell Rian
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
A lifetime of outdoor activity may contribute to common eye disease; sunglasses may help
Residential geography, time spent in the sun, and whether or not sunglasses are worn may help explain why some people develop exfoliation syndrome, an eye condition that is a leading cause of secondary open-angle glaucoma and can lead to an increased risk of cataract and cataract surgery complications, according to a study published on Sept. 4 in JAMA, Ophthalmology.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness, Harvard Medical School, Dorris Duke Charitable Foundation

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Knowing how bacteria take out trash could lead to new antibiotics
A team of scientists has reconstructed how bacteria tightly control their growth and division, the cell cycle, by destroying specific proteins through regulated protein degradation. All organisms use controlled protein degradation to alter cell behavior in response to changing environment. A process as reliable and stable as cell division also has to be flexible, to allow the organism to grow and respond. But little has been known about the molecular mechanics of how this works.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3484.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>


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