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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3716.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 7-May-2015
PLOS Pathogens
UTMB researchers devise vaccine that provides long-term protection against Chagas disease
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have successfully tested a vaccine for Chagas disease, which is widespread in Latin America but is beginning to show up in the US -- including the Houston area.
National Institutes of Health, UTMB Sealy Center for Vaccine Development

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Genetic changes to basic developmental processes evolve more frequently than thought
Newly evolved genes can rapidly assume control over fundamental functions during early embryonic development, report scientists from the University of Chicago. They identified a gene, found only in one specific group of midge flies, which determines head and tail patterning in developing embryos, similar to an unrelated, previously-known gene found in certain fruit fly families. The findings suggest that evolutionary changes to the genetics of fundamental biological processes occur more frequently than previously thought.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 7-May-2015
As life slips by: Why eye movement doesn't blur the picture
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Shiley Eye Institute have identified the molecular 'glue' that builds the brain connections that keep visual images clear and still, even as objects or your eyes move. Using mouse models, the researchers demonstrate that image stabilization depends upon two proteins, Contactin-4 and amyloid precursor protein, binding during embryonic development.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, E. Matilda Ziegler Foundation for the Blind, Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Current Biology
Locating the brain's SAD center
Vanderbilt biologists have localized the seasonal light cycle effects that drive seasonal affective disorder to a small region of the brain called the dorsal raphe nucleus.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Cell Metabolism
Study finds metabolic link between bacterial 'biofilms' and colon cancer
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has uncovered a big clue to how bacteria may promote some colon cancers.
California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Malaria parasite's essential doorway into red blood cells illuminated
Researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health and the Broad Institute have identified a protein on the surface of human red blood cells that serves as an essential entry point for invasion by the malaria parasite.
Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-May-2015
PLOS Genetics
Cells amplify messenger RNA levels to set protein levels
Messenger RNA levels dictate most differences protein levels in fast-growing cells when analyzed using statistical methods that account for noise in the data, according to a new study by researchers from the University of Chicago and Harvard University.
National Institutes of Health, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Penn team finds protein 'cement' that stabilizes the crossroad of chromosomes
A new study describes how the centromere is stabilized during replication. The structure and biology of the centromere is of considerable scientific interest because problems with it can lead to abnormalities in the chromosomes of daughter cells, which are the basis of such disorders as Down syndrome. As it turns out, the centromere is distinguished not only by its DNA sequence but also by a special type of nucleosome, which includes a protein called CENP-A.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation, National Institute of Standards and Technology, American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, European Research Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Scripps Florida scientists win $2.4 million to expand development of new pain therapies
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $2.4 million from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to expand development of new pain medications with fewer side effects than those currently available.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Journal of Palliative Medicine
Perception of US care for the dying worsens
People asked to rate the end-of-life care of an elderly loved one were significantly less likely to report care was excellent in a 2011-13 survey than those who were surveyed in 2000. The study's findings about the perception of care quality suggest an urgency to improving US care for the dying.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Retirement Research Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 6-May-2015
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
When mom gains too much weight during pregnancy, her child is more likely to be obese
A new study conducted in collaboration between the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and Harokopio University has found that when an expecting mother gains more weight than recommended, does not exercise or smokes during pregnancy, the probability that her child will be overweight or obese at the age of eight sharply increases. These findings are currently available in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.
UTMB's Institute for Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, OPAP SA - Greece, Harokopio University Post Graduate program on Nutrition and Dietetics

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Advanced Science
Tiny silicone spheres come out of the mist
Technology in common household humidifiers could enable the next wave of high-tech medical imaging and targeted medicine, thanks to a new method for making tiny silicone microspheres developed by chemists at the University of Illinois. The researchers made silicone microspheres with a variety of properties for different applications, including colored, fluorescent and magnetic spheres.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain chemical may offer new clues in treating chronic pain
A chemical in the brain typically associated with cognition, movement and reward-motivation behavior -- among others -- may also play a role in promoting chronic pain, according to new research at the University of Texas at Dallas.
University of Texas at Dallas, National Institutes of Health, Rita Allen Foundation

Contact: Katherine Morales
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Carrot or stick? Punishments may guide behavior more effectively than rewards
When it comes to rewards and punishments, which is more effective -- the carrot or the stick? A simple experiment devised at Washington University in St. Louis suggests that punishments are more likely to influence behavior than rewards. The results, which stem from a study involving 88 students at the university, are available online in the journal Cognition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Study discovers negative regulator of natural killer cell maturation
A new study has identified a regulatory pathway in natural killer cells that inhibits their maturation and homing behavior. Natural killer cells are one of the body's first lines of defense against viruses and cancer. The findings could lead to new strategies for boosting natural-killer cell activity against cancer and viral infections.
National Institutes of Health, National Blood Foundation, American Cancer Society, Gabrielle's Angel Foundation for Cancer Research, Natural Science Foundation of China, European Research Council, The Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 6-May-2015
BMC Systems Biology
From the depths of a microscopic world, spontaneous cooperation
A clever combination of two different types of computer simulations enabled a group of Illinois researchers to uncover an unexpectedly cooperative group dynamic: the spontaneous emergence of resource sharing among individuals in a community. Who were the members of this friendly, digitally represented collective? Escherichia coli, rod-shaped bacteria found in the digestive systems of humans and many other animals.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, Edelheit Foundation, Center for the Physics of Living Cells, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Social network experiments create a tipping point to improve public health
Convincing a large group of people to change its behavior is no popularity contest, a new study shows. In a novel experiment, researchers found that certain public health interventions work best when key 'influencers' in a face-to-face social network are exposed to the program. What's surprising, they say, is that those key influencers are not the most socially connected people in the network.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Star Family Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 6-May-2015
NIMH funds major schizophrenia project
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine will seek to identify the genetic causes of schizophrenia as part of a major project funded by the National Institute of Mental Health to better understand how genetic variation in brain cells affects human health and disease.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Mobile phone video microscope automates detection of parasites in blood
A research team led by engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, has developed a new mobile phone microscope that uses video to automatically detect and quantify infection by parasitic worms in a drop of blood. This next generation of UC Berkeley's CellScope technology could help revive efforts to eradicate debilitating diseases in Africa by providing critical information for health providers in the field.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Science Translational Medicine
In late post-surgical colon 'leaks,' finger points to microbes
Post-surgical leaks that develop after a segment of the colon has been removed and stitched back together often are caused not by negligence or technical error but by bacteria in the bowel that elude antibiotics, according to new evidence about this devastating complication of gastrointestinal surgery.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 6-May-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Expanded hospice improves care but raises Medicare costs
Hospice expanded rapidly in the United States during the 2000s, improving quality of care. End-of-life medical costs were reduced -- but the increased cost of hospice care itself outpaced those savings and led to higher net Medicare costs among nursing home residents. Longer lengths of stay in hospice are a major driver of those costs.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-May-2015
New form of DNA modification may carry inheritable information
Scientists at the University of Chicago, Harvard, and China have described the surprising discovery and function of a new DNA modification in insects, worms, and algae.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-May-2015
RIT researcher wins NIH award for developing new atrial fibrillation solution
Behnaz Ghoraani, engineering faculty at Rochester Institute of Technology, was recently awarded a $456,000 grant from the National Institutes for Health for the project 'Catheter guidance algorithm for identification of atrial fibrillation ablation.' Ghoraani and her research team are developing a novel low-risk, low-cost algorithm allowing improved and patient-specific localization of electrical disturbance sites to improve clinical intervention for atrial fibrillation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michelle Cometa
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Behavioral Brain Research
Popular electric brain stimulation method detrimental to IQ scores
Using a weak electric current in an attempt to boost brainpower or treat conditions has become popular among scientists and do-it-yourselfers, but a new University of North Carolina School of Medicine study shows that using the most common form of electric brain stimulation had a statistically significant detrimental effect on IQ scores.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular link found between high glucose, metabolic disease
Scientists at Johns Hopkins say they've discovered a cause-and-effect link between chronic high blood sugar and disruption of mitochondria, the powerhouses that create the metabolic energy that runs living cells. The discovery, reported online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on April 27, sheds light on a long-hidden connection and, they say, could eventually lead to new ways of preventing and treating diabetes.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3716.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>


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