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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3691.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Study aims to reduce suicides after jail time
A Michigan State University public health researcher is embarking on a first-of-a-kind study that will look to reduce suicides among recently released jail detainees.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Justice

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Two-drug combination shows promise against one type of pancreatic cancer
One form of pancreatic cancer has a new enemy: a two-drug combination discovered by UF Health researchers that inhibits tumors and kills cancer cells in mouse models.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Florida Bankhead-Coley Cancer Research Program, Gatorade Trust

Contact: Doug Bennett
University of Florida

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Diagnostics breakthrough brings viral sequencing to doctors' toolkit
A breakthrough genetic testing method promises to give clinicians a powerful new tool to detect and sequence viruses. Developed by scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, the Virome-Capture-Sequencing platform for Vertebrate viruses is as sensitive as the gold standard polymerase chain reaction assays while enabling simultaneous testing for hundreds of different viruses and providing near complete sequence of their genomes.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
ISME Journal
Probiotic formula reverses cow's milk allergies by changing gut bacteria of infants
The gut bacteria of infants who developed tolerance to cow's milk after treatment with probiotic formula showed significant differences from those who remained allergic, according to a new study published Sept. 22, 2015, in The ISME Journal by scientists from the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Food Allergy Research and Education, Chicago Biomedical Consortium and Italian Ministry of Health

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Reduced conflict-related brain activity may indicate risk for psychosis
Researchers led by Bradley S. Peterson, M.D., director of the Institute for the Developing Mind at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, have shown that lower levels of conflict-related brain activity are associated with a higher risk for later psychosis. The study, in conjunction with colleagues at Columbia University, is available via PubMed in advance of publication by the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists identify DNA alterations as among earliest to occur in lung cancer development
Working with tissue, blood and DNA from six people with precancerous and cancerous lung lesions, a team of Johns Hopkins scientists has identified what it believes are among the very earliest 'premalignant' genetic changes that mark the potential onset of the most common and deadliest form of disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Catherine Gara
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists sequence genome of worm that can regrow body parts, seeking stem cell insights
Tourists spending a recuperative holiday on the Italian coast may be envious of the regenerative abilities of locally found flatworm M. lignano. Named for an Italian beach town the tiny worm can regenerate almost its whole body following injury. Researchers have now sequenced its genome.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, The Swiss National Science Foundation, CSHL Cancer Center Support Grant

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Science Advances
How a frog's molecules 'leaped,' and 'crawled,' to evolve violet vision
The African clawed frog's process for adaptive color vision is full of mysterious twists and turns. 'A series of strange coincidences happened at the right time, at the right spot, for the right species,' says evolutionary biologist Shozo Yokoyama.
National Institutes of Health, Emory University

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Mice exposed to environmental chemicals may show decreased physical activity in offspring
Endocrine disruptors interfere with endocrine or hormone systems and can cause tumors, birth defects and developmental disorders in mammals. Now, a University of Missouri study suggests that female mice exposed to environmental chemicals may cause decreases in their daughter's metabolism and the amount of exercise in which they engage in later in life. These disruptors when introduced in developmental stages, are essentially creating 'couch potatoes' among female mice and could predict future metabolic complications.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Study looks at whether daily limb compressions reduce dementia
A new study is looking at whether short, daily bouts of reduced blood flow to an arm or leg can reduce the ravages of dementia.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Psychological Science
'Delayed remembering': Kids can remember tomorrow what they forgot today
For adults, memories tend to fade with time. But a new study has shown that there are circumstances under which the opposite is true for small children: they can remember a piece of information better days later than they can on the day they first learned it.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
ACO model associated with reduction in use of low-value services
In the first large-scale study to assess the effects of the Affordable Care Act's reforms to physician and hospital payments on the use of wasteful health care services, researchers have found that a new Medicare payment model reduced the number of times patients received services providing little or no health benefit.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Laura and John Arnold Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Mental Health

Contact: Johanna Younghans
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section D
Predicting X-ray diffuse scattering from translation-libration-screw structural ensembles
Protein flexibility is essential for enzymatic turnover, signalling regulation and protein-protein interactions. Multiple crystal structures are routinely compared to identify these motions and to derive hypotheses about the role of correlated motions in executing protein function. However, if only a single crystal form is available, evidence of concerted motion must be extracted from the spread in the electron density. Diffuse X-ray scattering can help by reporting on correlated atomic displacements.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Integrated Structural Biology

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Medicine
Old drug offers new hope to treat Alzheimer's disease
Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have discovered that salsalate, a drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, effectively reversed tau-related dysfunction in an animal model of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Salsalate prevented the accumulation of tau in the brain and protected against cognitive impairments resembling impairments seen in Alzheimer's disease and FTD.
Tau Consortium, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Low dose beta-blockers as effective as high dose after a heart attack
In a surprising finding, heart attack patients treated with a substantially lower dosage of beta-blockers than used in earlier clinical trials showing their effectiveness survived at the same rate, or even better, than patients on the higher doses. Patients receiving one-fourth of the original clinical trial dose had up to a 25 percent decrease in mortality. About 90 percent of patients who have had a heart attack receive beta-blockers, prescribed to prevent future heart attacks.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Pregnancy complications may signal later risk of heart disease death
Women who experience pregnancy complications, especially those with multiple complications, are at greater risk of dying from heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases later in life. Researchers suggest women who experience complicated pregnancies should be targeted for early, aggressive preventive cardiovascular disease intervention.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Materials
Proteins assemble and disassemble on command
Scientists have deciphered the genetic code that instructs proteins to either self-assemble or disassemble in response to environmental stimuli, such as changes in temperature, salinity or acidity. The discovery provides a new platform for drug delivery systems and an entirely different view of cellular functions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stem cell-derived 'organoids' help predict neural toxicity
A new system developed by scientists at the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison may provide a faster, cheaper and more biologically relevant way to screen drugs and chemicals that could harm the developing brain.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Schwartz
Morgridge Institute for Research

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
Ultrasound fade could be early detector of preterm-birth risk
Ultrasonic attenuation -- an ultrasound's gradual loss of energy as the sound waves circulate through tissue -- could be an early indicator of whether a pregnant woman is at risk for delivering prematurely, according to a new study at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing.
Irving Harris Foundation, UIC Nursing Internal Research Support Program, National Institutes of Health, University of Illinois Center for Clinical and Translational Science

Contact: Sam Hostettler
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Advanced Functional Materials
3-D printed guide helps regrow complex nerves after injury
A national team of researchers has developed a first-of-its-kind, 3-D printed guide that helps regrow both the sensory and motor functions of complex nerves after injury. The groundbreaking research has the potential to help more than 200,000 people annually who experience nerve injuries or disease.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Grand Challenges Program at Princeton University

Contact: Lacey Nygard
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
New technique lets scientists see and study the interface where 2 cells touch
University at Buffalo researchers and their colleagues at other institutions are publishing a paper online in Nature Communications on Sept. 18 about a new method they developed to more precisely capture how brain cells interact.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
TSRI study identifies novel role of mitochondria in immune function
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new role for an enzyme involved in cell death. Their study shows how the enzyme, called RIPK3, relays signals between the cell's mitochondria 'powerhouses' and the immune system. The new study shows that this crosstalk is important not only for launching immune responses against tumors, but also for regulating the inflammatory responses that may result in autoimmune diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Down syndrome research untangles therapeutic possibilities for Alzheimer's
More than five million Americans are living with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Of them, 400,000 also have Down syndrome. Both groups have similar looking brains with higher levels of the protein beta amyloid. In fact, patients with Down syndrome develop the abnormal protein at twice the rate. Results of a pilot study confirms the pathogenic role of beta amyloid in dementia as seen in both AD and Down syndrome.
Janssen Research and Development LLC, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jackie Carr
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
UD finding sheds light on infertility puzzle, could improve in vitro fertilization
Patricia A. Martin-DeLeon, a reproductive biologist at the University of Delaware, and her team have revealed for the first time communication between the sperm and the fallopian tube that helps prepare the sperm for its final big push into the egg. The finding could improve in vitro fertilization and help couples struggling with infertility.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Delaware IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Professor awarded $1.2 million NIH grant to study malpractice and 'defensive medicine'
What happens to the quality of care delivered when physicians face no threat of malpractice? Does the presence of malpractice pressure lead to 'defensive medicine' -- the delivery of tests or treatments that may not necessarily be in the best interest of the patient but can serve to shield the physician from threats of liability? These questions directly address two important aspects of the US health care system -- quality of care and cost of treatment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hilary Hurd Anyaso
Northwestern University

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3691.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>


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