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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3538.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Personal Relationships
Is your relationship moving toward marriage? If it isn't, you probably can't admit it
Dating couples who have moved toward marriage over the course of their relationship remember accurately what was going on at each stage of their deepening commitment. But couples whose commitment to each other has stagnated or regressed are far less accurate in their memories of their relationships, says a new University of Illinois study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scientists uncover a role for carbon monoxide in battling bacterial infections
New findings support the possibility that, in the future, small non-toxic doses of CO could provide the immune system with an infection-fighting advantage.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Associtation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Playing action video games can boost learning
A new study shows for the first time that playing action video games improves not just the skills taught in the game, but learning capabilities more generally.
US Office of Naval Research-Multi University Research Initiative, National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Swiss National Fund, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Monique Patenaude
monique.patenaude@rochester.edu
585-276-3693
University of Rochester

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
American Journal of Pathology
Major blood vessel constrictor contributes to vision loss in premies
A gene known to play a major role in constricting blood vessels also appears to be a major player in the aberrant blood vessel growth that can destroy the vision of premature babies, according to research at the Medical College of Georgia.
NIH/National Eye Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs, American Heart Association

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Darting' mice may hold clues to ADHD, autism and bipolar disorder
A darting mouse may hold an important clue in the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism and bipolar disorder, according to a study by a Vanderbilt University-led research team recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Statins reverse learning disabilities caused by genetic disorder
UCLA neuroscientists discovered that statins, a popular class of cholesterol drugs, reverse the learning deficits caused by a mutation linked to a common genetic cause of learning disabilities. Published in the Nov. 10 advance online edition of Nature Neuroscience, the findings were studied in mice genetically engineered to develop the disease, called Noonan syndrome.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
eschmidt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2272
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature
Thousands of never-before-seen human genome variations uncovered
Thousands of never-before-seen genetic variants in the human genome have been uncovered using a new genome sequencing technology. These discoveries close many human genome mapping gaps that have long resisted sequencing. The technique, called single-molecule, real-time DNA sequencing, may now make it possible for researchers to identify potential genetic mutations behind many conditions whose genetic causes have long eluded scientists.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Michael McCarthy
leilag@uw.edu
206-543-3620
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Cancer Discovery
Mayo Clinic researchers identify first steps in formation of pancreatic cancer
Researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville say they have identified first steps in the origin of pancreatic cancer and that their findings suggest preventive strategies to explore.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Punsky
punsky.kevin@mayo.edu
904-953-0746
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature Genetics
Re-learning how to read a genome
There are roughly 20,000 genes and thousands of other regulatory 'elements' stored within our DNA. Somehow all of this coded information needs to be read and transcribed into messages that can be used by cells. New research has revealed that the initial steps of the reading process are actually remarkably similar at both genes and regulatory elements. The main differences seem to occur after the initial step, in the length and stability of the messages.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
jjansen@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Some neurons can multitask, raising questions about the importance of specialization
The brain is constantly processing sensory information while supporting a dizzying array of behaviors. For decades, biologists have assumed that specialized classes of neurons process all this information at once. But a team of scientists at CSHL has found a population of neurons in the rat brain that support multiple behaviors at once. These neurons cannot be individually classified by specialization, challenging assumptions about how information is encoded in the brain.
National Institutes of Health, John Merck Fund, McKnight Foundation, Marie Robertson Memorial Fund of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Swartz Foundation Fellowship

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
jjansen@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature
Catalyst-where-you-want-it method expands the possibilities for new drug development
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute and the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry have described a method for creating and modifying organic compounds that overcomes a major limitation of previous methods.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Overall risk of birth defects appears low for women taking antiretrovirals during early pregnancy
Among pregnant women infected with HIV, the use of antiretroviral medications early in pregnancy to treat their HIV or to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV does not appear to increase the risk of birth defects in their infants, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Tumor-associated neutrophils boost anti-tumor immune responses
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that tumor-associated neutraphils help bolster the immune response against lung tumors.
National Institutes of Health, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Lung Cancer Translation Center of Excellence of the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Cervical component protects against infection and preterm birth in mice
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation demonstrates that the cervical component hyaluronan provides protection against infection-induced preterm birth.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Cancer Cell
Classification of gene mutations in a children's cancer may point to improved treatments
Oncology researchers studying gene mutations in the children's cancer neuroblastoma are refining their diagnostic tools to predict which patients are more likely to respond to drugs called ALK inhibitors that target such mutations.
National Institutes of Health, US Army Peer-Reviewed Medical Research Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Salis-Silverman
Salis@email.chop.edu
267-426-6063
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How cartilage cells sense forceful injury
Duke scientists are closer to understanding how cartilage senses injury-causing mechanical strain at the cellular level: a pair of channels that work together to cause cartilage cells to die off in droves. Using a substance found in tarantula venom to block these channels, the researchers have prevented cell death caused when cartilage cells detect mechanical strain. The findings could lead to drug targets for protecting joints and preventing the pain associated with cartilage injuries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows marijuana's long-term effects on the brain
The effects of chronic marijuana use on the brain may depend on age of first use and duration of use, according to researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. In a paper published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers for the first time comprehensively describe existing abnormalities in brain function and structure of long-term marijuana users with multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Shelly Kirkland
shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu
972-883-3221
Center for BrainHealth

Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Cancer Cell
Researchers find new target for kidney cancer therapy
Cincinnati Cancer Center researchers have discovered that a membrane channel, Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 3, or TRPM3, promotes growth of kidney cancer tumors, and targeting this channel therapeutically could lead to more treatments for a disease that currently has few treatment options.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Affairs Merit Award, UC Center for Environmental Genetics Award

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Nurse navigators may aid colon cancer screening follow-up
Group Health patients with a positive screening test for colon cancer (a stool test or sigmoidoscopy) tended to be more likely to get the recommended follow-up test, a diagnostic colonoscopy, if nurse navigators contacted them than if they got usual care, according to Beverly B. Green, MD, MPH, a Group Health physician and a Group Health Research Institute associate investigator.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joan DeClaire
declaire.j@ghc.org
206-287-2653
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
CCNY-led discovery may help breast cancer treatment
Researchers led by Dr. Debra Auguste, associate professor, biomedical engineering, in the Grove School of Engineering at The City College of New York, have identified a molecule that could lead to developing treatment for one of the most aggressive forms of breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jay Mwamba
jmwamba@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7580
City College of New York

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
Cell
Researchers take new approach to stop 'most wanted' cancer protein
Researchers have found a way to defeat one of the most tantalizing yet elusive target proteins in cancer cells by turning the protein's own molecular machinations against it. They used a specially crafted compound to disrupt the protein's ability to rev up its own production and that of other proteins involved in tumor cell growth in an aggressive form of neuroblastoma. The resulting shrinkage of tumors caused little or no harm to normal cells.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, US Department of Defense, Friends for Life Neuroblastoma Foundation

Contact: Irene Sege
irene.sege@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
2014 Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting
Research shows easy-to-walk communities can blunt cognitive decline
Amber Watts found walkable communities resulted in better outcomes both for physical health -- such as lower body mass and blood pressure -- and cognition (such as better memory) in the 25 people with mild Alzheimer's disease and 39 older adults without cognitive impairment she tracked.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, KU Alzheimer's Disease Center, KU Strategic Initiative Grant, Frontiers Clinical Translational Science award

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
Circulation
Reprogrammed cells grow into new blood vessels
By transforming human scar cells into blood vessel cells, scientists may have discovered a new way to repair damaged tissue. The method, described in an upcoming issue of Circulation (early online), appeared to improve blood flow, oxygenation, and nutrition to areas in need.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: David Bricker
dmbricker@houstonmethodist.org
832-667-5811
Houston Methodist

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
No junk: Long RNA mimics DNA, restrains hormone responses
Emory researchers have obtained a detailed picture of how the Gas5 RNA interacts with steroid hormone receptors. Their findings show how the Gas5 RNA takes the place of DNA, and give hints as to how it evolved.
American Heart Association, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-Nov-2014
PLOS ONE
Sleep starts later as teens age, but school still starts early
By following dozens of younger and older adolescents for more than two years, researchers in a new study were able to determine that the children fell asleep later and their circadian rhythms shifted later as they grew older. But early school start times interfere with their tendency to sleep later, reducing their total sleep. The study bolsters new recommendations for later school start times.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3538.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

     
   

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