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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3431.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds
Kansas State University biochemists have discovered how protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection. The research may help scientists develop targeted treatment and intervention methods.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Phillip Klebba
Kansas State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
BUSM study: Obesity may be impacted by stress
A new study shows that stress may play a role in the development of obesity. Using experimental models, researchers at Boston University School of Medicine showed that adenosine, a metabolite released when the body is under stress or during an inflammatory response, stops the process of adipogenesis, when adipose stem cells differentiate into adult fat cells.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Educational Researcher
Study finds unintended consequences of raising state math, science graduation requirements
Raising state-mandated math and science course graduation requirements may increase high school dropout rates without a meaningful effect on college enrollment or degree attainment, according to new research published in Educational Researcher, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Washington University Institute for Public Health

Contact: Tony Pals
American Educational Research Association

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
WPI wins NIH grant to study components of a potentially potent, low-cost malaria treatment
With a three-year, $420,000 award from the National Institutes of Health, a team of researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, led by Pamela Weathers, PhD, will test a plant-based therapy it is developing that consists of dried leaves from the sweet wormwood plant, Artemisia annua. The therapy may prove to be a highly effective and low-cost treatment for malaria, one of the world's most prevalent and deadly infectious diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Cohen
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Brain and Language
Hear Jane read: Rutgers University-Newark researcher gives new meaning to semantics
There are different ways to be a good reader. There has been much discussion over the years about some readers having more of a sound-based style and others having more of a meaning-based style. But until now, there has been very little evidence of this, particularly evidence connecting brain behavior and reading behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Carla Capizzi
Rutgers University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Cholesterol activates signaling pathway that promotes cancer
Everyone knows that cholesterol, at least the bad kind, can cause heart disease and hardening of the arteries. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago describe a new role for cholesterol in the activation of a cellular signaling pathway that has been linked to cancer.
National Institutes of Health, World Class University program, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Mutation stops worms from getting drunk
Neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Austin have generated mutant worms that do not get intoxicated by alcohol, a result that could lead to new drugs to treat the symptoms of people going through alcohol withdrawal. The scientists accomplished this feat by inserting a modified human alcohol target into the worms, as reported this week in The Journal of Neuroscience.
ABMRF/The Foundation for Alcohol Research, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research at The University of Texas at Austin

Contact: Steve Franklin
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
JAMA study: Stroke risk and death rates fall over past 2 decades
Fewer Americans are having strokes and those who do have a lower risk of dying from them finds a new study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Science Signaling
Neurons, brain cancer cells require the same little-known protein for long-term survival
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have discovered that the protein PARC/CUL9 helps neurons and brain cancer cells override the biochemical mechanisms that lead to cell death in most other cells. In neurons, long-term survival allows for proper brain function as we age. In brain cancer cells, though, long-term survival contributes to tumor growth and the spread of the disease.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, American Brain Tumor Association, Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Science Signaling
Molecular 'eat now' signal makes cells devour dying neighbors
A team of researchers has devised a Pac-Man-style power pellet that gets normally mild-mannered cells to gobble up their undesirable neighbors. The development may point the way to therapies that enlist patients' own cells to better fend off infection and even cancer, the researchers say. A description of the work will be published July 15 in the journal Science Signaling.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Mochida Memorial Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New combination drug controls tumor growth and metastasis in mice
Researchers at UC Davis, University of Massachusetts and Harvard Medical School have created a combination drug that controls both tumor growth and metastasis. By combining a COX-2 inhibitor, similar to Celebrex, and an epoxide hydrolase inhibitor, the drug controls angiogenesis, limiting a tumor's ability to grow and spread.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Scien, Superfund, NIH/National Institute for Occupational Safety, Stop and Shop Pediatric Brain Tumor Fund, C.J. Buckley Pediatric Brain Tumor Fund, US Department of Veterans Affairs, American Asthma Society

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Antibiotic use prevalent in hospice patients despite limited evidence of its value
New research suggests that use of antibiotics is still prevalent among terminal patients who have chosen hospice care as an end-of-life option, despite little evidence that the medications improve symptoms or quality of life, and sometimes may cause unwanted side effects. It's another example of serious overuse of antibiotics in the US.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jon Furuno
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
ACS Chemical Biology
Innovative technique may transform the hunt for new antibiotics and cancer therapies
In a study reported in ACS Chemical Biology, University of Illinois researchers developed a new technique to quickly uncover novel, medically relevant products produced by bacteria. Past techniques involved screening more than 10,000 samples to find a novel product, but principal investigator Doug Mitchell, assistant professor of chemistry and Institute for Genomic Biology member, discovered with his lab a novel product after screening just a few dozen soil bacteria by using this new technique.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
CRISPR system can promote antibiotic resistance
CRISPR, a system of genes that bacteria use to fend off viruses, is involved in promoting antibiotic resistance in Francisella novicida, a close relative of the bacterium that causes tularemia. The finding contrasts with previous observations in other bacteria that the CRISPR system hinders the spread of antibiotic resistance genes.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Burroughs Wellcome

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Penn researchers successfully alleviate pulmonary inflammation with targeted drug delivery
A multidisciplinary research team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Penn's School of Engineering and Applied Science, has found that when delivered by a microscopic transporter called a nanocarrier, steroids can access the hard-to-reach lung endothelial cells that need it most and are successful at preventing pulmonary inflammation in mice.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality. Writing today in the journal Nature Communications, a group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researcher Igor Slukvin reports the discovery of two genetic programs responsible for taking blank-slate stem cells and turning them into both red and the array of white cells that make up human blood.
National Institutes of Health, Charlotte Geyer Foundation

Contact: Igor Slukvin
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic similarities among friends
If you consider your friends family, you may be on to something. A study from the University of California, San Diego, and Yale University finds that friends who are not biologically related still resemble each other genetically.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences

Contact: Inga Kiderra
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Weighty issue: Stress and high-fat meals combine to slow metabolism in women
A new study in women suggests that experiencing one or more stressful events the day before eating a single high-fat meal can slow the body's metabolism, potentially contributing to weight gain.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jan Kiecolt-Glaser
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2014
Antibody halts cancer-related wasting condition
Dana-Farber scientists pinpoint a molecular cause of cachexia, a wasting of fat and muscle occurring in half of all cancer patients, and identify a protein that when blocked might prevent the condition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Teresa Herbert
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 11-Jul-2014
When good gut bacteria get sick
A study from Brigham and Women's Hospital has utilized unique computational models to show how infection can affect bacteria that naturally live in our intestines. The findings may ultimately help clinicians to better treat and prevent gastrointestinal infection and inflammation through a better understanding of the major alterations that occur when foreign bacteria disrupt the gut microbiota.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 11-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Potent spider toxin 'electrocutes' German, not American, cockroaches
Using spider toxins to study the proteins that let nerve cells send out electrical signals, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have stumbled upon a biological tactic that may offer a new way to protect crops from insect plagues in a safe and environmentally responsible way.
Australian Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jul-2014
Annals of Rheumatic Diseases
Omega 3 fatty acids lessen severity of osteoarthritis in mice
Mice consuming a supplement of omega 3 fatty acids had healthier joints than those fed diets high in saturated fats and omega 6 fatty acids, according to Duke Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
USC stem cell researcher targets the 'seeds' of breast cancer metastasis
For breast cancer patients, the era of personalized medicine may be just around the corner, thanks to recent advances by USC Stem Cell researcher Min Yu and scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. In a July 11 study in Science, Yu and her colleagues report how they isolated breast cancer cells circulating through the blood streams of six patients.
Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Stand Up to Cancer, Wellcome Trust, National Foundation for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Susan G. Komen for the Cure K

Contact: Cristy Lytal
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
Scripps Florida scientists shed new light on nerve cell growth
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shed new light on the complex processes of nerve cell growth, showing that a particular protein plays a far more sophisticated role in neuron development than previously thought.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
A start-up at NJIT develops bleeding-control gel for brain surgery
Endomedix, a start-up company housed at the New Jersey Institute of Technology's business incubator, received a $1.4 million federal grant to develop a spray-on gel that surgeons will use to staunch bleeding during brain surgery.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Robert Florida
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3431.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>


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