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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3767.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
SIV shrugs off antibodies in vaccinated monkeys
Experimental vaccines can protect a majority of monkeys from repeated challenge with SIV. But when the virus does get through, it's not clear whether vaccine-induced antibodies were exerting any pressure on the virus.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
C-sections could influence babies' ability to focus
Being delivered through a caesarean section influences at least one form of babies' ability to concentrate. It slows their spatial attention, which plays a role in how well they are able to prioritize and focus on a particular area or object that is of interest. These are the findings of Scott Adler and Audrey Wong-Kee-You of York University in Canada, published in Springer's journal Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, York University Faculty of Health

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Georgia dialysis facility referral rate for kidney transplants is low and variable
Although kidney transplantation is known to be the optimal treatment for most patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), only about one in four patients with ESRD in Georgia was referred by a dialysis facility to a transplant center for evaluation within one year of starting dialysis, according to a new study. In addition, there was substantial variation in the percentage of referrals among dialysis facilities.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Could flu someday be prevented without a vaccine?
Researchers have discovered a way to trigger a preventive response to a flu infection without any help from the usual players -- the virus itself or interferon, a powerful infection fighter. The finding, in both mouse and human cells, suggests that manipulating a natural process could someday be an alternative way to not just reduce the severity of the flu, but prevent infection altogether.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jacob Yount
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
PLOS Biology
Dartmouth researcher discovers 'brain signature' that predicts human emotions
A Dartmouth researcher and his colleagues have discovered a way to predict human emotions based on brain activity.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
$10M federal grant to JAX will launch Center for Precision Genetics
A five-year, $9,971,936 grant from the National Institutes of Health will establish a new Center for Precision Genomics at The Jackson Laboratory, a major initiative involving several collaborating institutions, with the goal of finding solutions for life-threatening and genetically complex human diseases through new approaches to developing precision models of disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joyce Peterson
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Science Signaling
Researchers identify nerve-guiding protein that aids pancreatic cancer spread
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have identified a molecular partnership in pancreatic cancer cells that might help to explain how the disease spreads -- metastasizes -- in some cases. Their findings reveal urgently needed new targets to treat pancreatic cancer, which strikes nearly 50,000 people in the US each year and has only a 5 percent survival rate five years after diagnosis.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Viragh Foundation, Johns Hopkins/Skip Viragh Pancreatic Cancer Center, Lefkofsky Family Foundation, Lustgarten Foundation

Contact: Amy Mone
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Florida scientists determine how antibiotic gains cancer-killing sulfur atoms
In a discovery with implications for future drug design, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown an unprecedented mechanism for how a natural antibiotic with antitumor properties incorporates sulfur into its molecular structure, an essential ingredient of its antitumor activity.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Traitors in our midst: Bacteria use toxins to turn our own bodies against us
Researchers who have revealed a highly efficient way that bacteria use toxins to interrupt the immune response say that until now, the trickery of these toxins has been underappreciated in science.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Ohio State University

Contact: Dmitri Kudryashov
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Case Western Reserve receives $2.3 million NIH grant to fund nutritious food access study
The National Institutes of Health has awarded $2.3 million to Case Western Reserve to lead a collaborative study of how changes in food options affect residents' nutritional choices and health over time. Called the Future of Food in Your Neighborhood Study (dubbed foodNEST), the three-year study is led by the university's Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods and Center for Reducing Health Disparities.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
KCI/WSU among lead centers in nationwide NCI MATCH trial
The Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, in partnership with Wayne State University School of Medicine, is one of the lead academic centers participating in the National Cancer Institute's MATCH Trial in the United States, set to begin in the next few weeks. Of the more than 2,000 National Cancer Trial Network or NCI Community Oncology Research Program sites participating in the MATCH Trial, only 30 are lead academic centers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bioengineers identify the key genes and functions for sustaining microbial life
A new study led by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego defines the core set of genes and functions that a bacterial cell needs to sustain life. The research, which answers the fundamental question of what minimum set of functions bacterial cells require to survive, could lead to new cell engineering approaches for E. coli and other microorganisms, the researchers said.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Novo Nordisk Foundation, European Commission's 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
Receptor that helps protect brain cells has important role in support cells for the retina
A receptor that is already a target for treating neurodegenerative disease also appears to play a key role in supporting the retina, scientists report.
NIH/National Eye Institute, James and Jean Culver Vision Discovery Institute at GRU

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Atomic-level defense secrets revealed
New research in the current issue of Nature, however, has revealed the molecular secrets of plants' defense mechanisms at the atomic level. The study, led by Michigan State University and Van Andel Research Institute, focuses on the plant hormone jasmonate and its interaction with three key proteins. The findings could help scientists develop dream crops that are better equipped to fend off pests, diseases and future challenges created by fluctuating climate.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MSU AgBioResearch, Jay and Betty Van Andel Foundation

Contact: Beth Hinshaw Hall
Van Andel Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Journal of Neurotrauma
Study suggests altered brain development among former NFL players
Former National Football League players who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 were found to have a higher risk of altered brain development compared to those who started playing at a later age. The study is the first to demonstrate a link between early exposure to repetitive head impacts and later life structural brain changes.
National Institutes of Health, JetBlue Airlines, National Football League

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Places with more marijuana dispensaries have more marijuana-related hospitalizations
People who live in areas of California with a higher density of marijuana dispensaries experience a greater number of hospitalizations involving marijuana abuse and dependence, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis discovered.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Developing a better flu vaccine
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers say they have developed a method that could make a nasal spray flu vaccine effective for those under two and over 49 -- two groups for which the vaccine is not approved.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, IDSA Young Investigator Award in Geriatrics

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Study examines how and why states adopt drunk driving laws
A study by researchers at NYU Steinhardt finds that the severity of drunk driving within a state is not the most important predictor of whether states adopt new laws to restrict drunk driving -- nor is the political makeup of the state government. Instead, the two strongest predictors of states adopting their first drunk driving laws were having a large population of young people and a neighboring state with similar driving laws.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Nature Genetics
New computational method predicts genes likely to be causal in disease
A new computational method improves the detection of genes that are likely to be causal for complex diseases and biological traits. The method, PrediXcan, estimates gene expression levels across the whole genome -- a better measure of biological action than single mutations -- and integrates it with genome-wide association study data. PrediXcan has the potential to identify gene targets for therapeutic applications faster and with greater accuracy than traditional methods.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Mass. General-led team identifies first gene that causes mitral valve prolapse
An international research collaboration led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has identified the first gene in which mutations cause the common form of mitral valve prolapse, a heart valve disorder that affects almost 2.5 percent of the population.
Leducq Foundation, Doris Duke Medical Foundation, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: McKenzie Ridings
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scientists identify a mechanism of epidemic bacterial disease
Through identification of increased toxin production by epidemic forms of group A streptococcus (the 'flesh-eating' bacterium), for the first time scientists are able to pinpoint the molecular events that contribute to large intercontinental epidemics of disease. The study was based on sequencing almost 5,000 group A streptococcus genomes collected over decades.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Gale Smith
Houston Methodist

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Southern diet could raise your risk of heart attack
Regularly eating a typical Southern-style diet may significantly raise your risk of heart attack or heart-related death. Researchers characterized Southern-style cuisine as fried foods, fatty foods, egg dishes, processed meats, organ meats, and sweet drinks.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and the General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
American Heart Association

Public Release: 9-Aug-2015
Sociology of Health & Illness
Study indicates first steps towards preventing suicide attempts by offenders
While the risk of suicide by offenders in prison has been identified as a priority for action, understanding and preventing suicides among offenders after release has received far less attention. A study undertaken by Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, supported by the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula, addresses this issue for the first time.
NIH/Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
Journal of Virology
Familiar drugs may block Ebola virus infection
A well-known class of molecules, many of which are already in use therapeutically, may be able to block the Ebola virus's entry into cells and halt the disease in its tracks, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
Pediatric brain tumors can be classified noninvasively at diagnosis
Medulloblastoma, the most commonly occurring malignant brain tumor in children, can be classified into four subgroups -- each with a different risk profile requiring subgroup-specific therapy. Investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have now discovered that these subgroups can be determined non-invasively, using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Showing releases 176-200 out of 3767.

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