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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3432.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Science
USAMRIID research sheds light on how deadly lassa virus infects cells
An international team of scientists has discovered that the Lassa virus, endemic to West Africa, uses an unexpected two-step process to enter cells. The results, published in today's edition of Science, suggest that the mechanism by which Lassa virus causes infection is more complicated than previously known, and could lead to new approaches for preventing the disease. Collaborators included USAMRIID, the Netherlands Cancer Institute, the University of Kiel in Germany, and Harvard Medical School.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
teresa.l.vanderlinden.civ@mail.mil
301-619-2285
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Nature Neuroscience
New form of brain signaling affects addiction-related behavior
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a new form of neurotransmission that influences the long-lasting memory created by addictive drugs, like cocaine and opioids, and the subsequent craving for these drugs of abuse. Loss of this type of neurotransmission creates changes in brains cells that resemble the changes caused by drug addiction. The findings suggest that targeting this type of neurotransmission might lead to new therapies for treating drug addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NARSAD, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Journal of Lipid Research
Sex hormone levels at midlife linked to heart disease risk in women
As hormone levels change during the transition to menopause, the quality of a woman's cholesterol carriers degrades, leaving her at greater risk for heart disease, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health discovered. The first-of-its-kind evaluation, supported by the National Institutes of Health, was done using an advanced method to characterize cholesterol carriers in the blood and is published in the July issue of the Journal of Lipid Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
American Journal of Managed Care
Prevention incentives
A private South African health plan increased patient use of preventive care with an incentive program that rewards healthy behavior using discounts on retail goods and travel.
National Institutes of Health Common Fund

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Science
Sequencing electric eel genome unlocks shocking secrets
For the first time, the genome of the electric eel has been sequenced. This discovery has revealed the secret of how fishes with electric organs have evolved six times in the history of life to produce electricity outside of their bodies.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Researchers home in on way to predict aggressiveness of oral cancer
Studying mouth cancer in mice, researchers have found a way to predict the aggressiveness of similar tumors in people, an early step toward a diagnostic test that could guide treatment, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Science
New infections cause dormant viruses to reactivate
The famous slogan is 'A diamond is forever,' but that phrase might be better suited to herpes: Unlike most viruses, which succumb to the immune system's attack, herpes remains in the body forever, lying in wait, sometimes reactivating years later.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: April Frawley
afrawley@ufl.edu
352-273-5817
University of Florida

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Blocking key enzyme minimizes stroke injury, UT Southwestern research finds
A drug that blocks the action of the enzyme Cdk5 could substantially reduce brain damage if administered shortly after a stroke, UT Southwestern Medical Center research suggests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debbie Bolles
debbie.bolles@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Cancer Cell
Diabolical duo: Known breast cancer gene needs a partner to initiate and spread tumors
A team led by Princeton University researchers has found that a gene known as Metadherin promotes the survival of tumor-initiating cells via the interaction with a second molecule called SND1. The finding could suggest new treatment strategies.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Salmonella's Achilles' heel: Reliance on single food source to stay potent
Scientists have identified a potential Achilles' heel for Salmonella -- the bacteria's reliance on a single food source to remain fit in the inflamed intestine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Brian Ahmer
Ahmer.1@osu.edu
614-292-1919
Ohio State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Science
Scientists find the shocking truth about electric fish
Scientists have found how the electric fish evolved its jolt. Writing June 27, 2014, in the journal Science, a team of researchers led by Michael Sussman of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Harold Zakon of the University of Texas at Austin and Manoj Samanta of the Systemix Institute in Redmond, Wash., identifies the regulatory molecules involved in the genetic and developmental pathways that electric fish have used to convert a simple muscle into an organ capable of generating a potent electrical field.
National Science Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Sussman
msussman@wisc.edu
608-262-8608
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Continued use of low-dose aspirin may lower pancreatic cancer risk
The longer a person took low-dose aspirin, the lower his or her risk for developing pancreatic cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
jeremy.moore@aacr.org
215-446-7109
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Biological Chemistry
UMN research uncovers structure, protein elements critical to human function and disease
New structures discovered within cilia show a relationship between certain proteins and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The discovery, made at the University of Minnesota, was named paper of the week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, and sheds new light on the microstructure of cilia.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Characterization Facility, UMN

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Molecular Medicine
Restoring thyroid hormones in heart may prevent heart disease from diabetes
Administering low doses of a thyroid hormone to rats with diabetes helps restore hormone levels in their hearts and prevented deterioration of heart function and pathology. The most recent study builds on a growing body of research by NYIT researcher A. Martin Gerdes and others that links low thyroid hormone levels in heart tissue to heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Elaine Iandoli
eiandoli@nyit.edu
516-686-4013
New York Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
The Jackson Laboratory Cancer Center earns NCI renewal
The Jackson Laboratory Cancer Center has once again earned the renewal of its Cancer Center Support Grant from the National Cancer Institute.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joyce Peterson
joyce.peterson@jax.org
207-288-6058
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Menopause
Women having babies later in life more likely to live longer
Women who had their children later in life will be happy to learn that a new study suggests an association between older maternal age at birth of the last child and greater odds for surviving to an unusually old age. That's according to a nested case-control study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Eileen Petridis
epetridis@fallscommunications.com
216-696-0229
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Stroke
Taking the 'random' out: New approach to medical studies could boost participation
A new approach to designing clinical trials -- so that patients' odds of getting the better-performing treatment improve -- may help increase the number of people who agree to take part in medical studies.
National Institutes of Health, US Food and Drug Administration

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Researcher shines light on the search for new drugs
They are the largest family of receptors on the surface of our cells, and they help us maintain basics like blood pressure and heart rate.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Journal of Royal Society Interface
Researchers treat incarceration as a disease epidemic, discover small changes help
By treating incarceration as an infectious disease, researchers show that small differences in prison sentences can lead to large differences in incarceration rates. The research was published in June in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Tiffany Trent
ttrent@vt.edu
540-231-6822
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Menopause: The Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Reproduction later in life is a marker for longevity in women
Women who are able to naturally have children later in life tend to live longer and the genetic variants that allow them to do so might also facilitate exceptionally long life spans, according to a Boston University School of Medicine study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers 1 step closer to countering deadly Nipah virus
An interdisciplinary research team from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and three groups within the National Institutes of Health reports a new breakthrough in countering the deadly Nipah virus. The human monoclonal antibody known as m102.4 is the first effective antiviral treatment for Nipah that has the potential for human therapeutic applications.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Donna Ramirez
donna.ramirez@utmb.edu
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
PLOS ONE
Lowering toxicity of new HIV drugs predicted to improve life expectancy
While bringing new drugs to market is important for increasing life expectancy in younger people with HIV, lowering the toxicity of those drugs may have an even greater health impact on all HIV patients, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis reveals.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Nature Scientific Reports
UT Arlington nanoparticles could provide easier route for cell therapy
UT Arlington physics researchers may have developed a way to use laser technology to deliver drug and gene therapy at the cellular level without damaging surrounding tissue. The method eventually could help patients suffering from genetic conditions, cancers and neurological diseases.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-272-9208
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
NIH awards $10.7 million to University of Maryland School of Medicine
The University of Maryland School of Medicine's Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, a research center in the School's Department of Psychiatry, was awarded a $10.7 million grant from the NIH to establish a Silvio O. Conte Neuroscience Research Center that will examine the causes of schizophrenia and search for possible new treatments. Schizophrenia is a devastating psychiatric disease, affecting one percent of people worldwide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher Hardwick
chardwick@som.umaryland.edu
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
Trained evaluators can successfully screen for premie eye disease from miles away
Trained non-physician evaluators who studied retinal images transmitted to computer screens at a remote central reading center successfully identified newborn infants likely to require a specialized medical evaluation for retinopathy of prematurity, a leading cause of treatable blindness. Findings from a new multicenter study strengthen the case for using telemedicine to address unmet medical needs of preterm babies worldwide who cannot be initially evaluated by ophthalmologists.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Natalie Virgilio
virgilion@email.chop.edu
267-426-6246
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3432.

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