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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3466.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
ASHG and NHGRI award genetics and public policy fellowship
The American Society of Human Genetics and the National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, have named Katherine D. Blizinsky, Ph.D., a neuroscientist at Northwestern University in Chicago, the newest ASHG/NHGRI Genetics and Public Policy Fellow. The 16-month appointment begins today.
American Society of Human Genetics, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Nalini Padmanabhan
American Society of Human Genetics

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biochemists find new treatment options for staph infections, inflammatory diseases
Kansas State University biochemists have discovered a family of proteins that could lead to better treatments for Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogenic bacterium that can cause more than 60,000 potentially life-threatening infections each year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brian Geisbrecht
Kansas State University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Drug that improves blood flow may help find cause of exercise intolerance in cystic fibrosis
A little white pill may help scientists learn why patients with cystic fibrosis have less exercise capacity than their peers, even if their lungs are relatively healthy.
National Institutes of Health, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc.,

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
International Journal of Drug Policy
NYC teens and young adults who abuse prescription at high risk for overdose
A study in the International Journal of Drug Policy explores for the first time overdose-related knowledge and experiences of young adult nonmedical prescription opioid users to better understand how prescription opioid use relates to the likelihood and experience of overdose.
NIH/National Institute for Drug Abuse

Contact: christopher james
New York University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Early cerebellum injury hinders neural development, possible root of autism
Princeton University researchers offer a new theory that an early-life injury to the cerebellum disrupts the brain's processing of external and internal information and leads to 'developmental diaschisis,' wherein a loss of function in one brain region leads to problems in another. Applied to autism, cerebellar injury could hinder how other areas of the brain interpret external stimuli and organize internal processes.
National Institutes of Health, Nancy Lurie Marks Family Foundation, Sutherland Cook Fund

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
American Journal of Sports Medicine
In pro baseball pitchers, weak core linked to more missed days
New research suggests that professional baseball pitchers with poor core stability are more likely to miss 30 or more days in a single season because of injury than are pitchers who have good control of muscles in their lower back and pelvis.
National Institutes of Health, Ohio State University, TechColumbus, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Ajit Chaudhari
Ohio State University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Men who exercise less likely to wake up to urinate
Men who are physically active are at lower risk of nocturia (waking up at night to urinate), according to a study led by a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine researcher.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Jim ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Family conflicts, other non-physical worries before cancer surgery raise patients' complication risk
How well patients recover from cancer surgery may be influenced by more than their medical conditions and the operations themselves. Family conflicts and other non-medical problems may raise their risk of surgical complications, a Mayo Clinic study has found.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Sharon Theimer
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
War between bacteria and phages benefits humans
In our battle with cholera bacteria, we may have an unknown ally in bacteria-killing viruses known as phages. Researchers from Tufts University and elsewhere report that phages can force cholera bacteria, even during active infection in humans, to give up their virulence in order to survive.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Reserach Chairs, Charles A. King Trust Postdoctoral Research Fellows

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Taxes and subsidies could encourage healthier diet and lower healthcare costs
In a Viewpoint published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, a team of Tufts University and Harvard University researchers call for the implementation of taxes and subsidies to improve dietary quality in the United States.
NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine
Cannabis withdrawal symptoms common among adolescents treated for substance use disorder
Although cannabis -- commonly known as marijuana -- is broadly believed to be nonaddictive, a study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators found that 40 percent of cannabis-using adolescents receiving outpatient treatment for substance use disorder reported experiencing symptoms of withdrawal, which are considered a hallmark of drug dependence.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Noah Brown
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Surprising new role for calcium in sensing pain
When you accidentally touch a hot oven, you rapidly pull your hand away. Duke researchers have made a surprising discovery in worms about the role of calcium in such pain signaling. They have built a structural model of the molecule that allows calcium ions to pass into a neuron, triggering a signal of pain. These discoveries may help direct new strategies to treat pain in people.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Esther A. and Joseph Klingenstein Fund, Whitehall Foundation, Duke University

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
Scientists call for investigation of mysterious cloud-like collections in cells
About 50 years ago, electron microscopy revealed the presence of tiny blob-like structures that form inside cells, move around and disappear. But scientists still don't know what they do -- even though these shifting cloud-like collections of proteins are believed to be crucial to the cell, and therefore could offer a new approach to disease treatment. Now, researchers are issuing a call to investigators to focus their attention on the role of these formations.
Burroughs Wellcome Clinical Scientist Award in Translational Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
A nucleotide change could initiate fragile X syndrome
Researchers reveal how the alteration of a single nucleotide -- the basic building block of DNA -- could initiate fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Empire State Stem Cell Fund, Starr Tri-Institutional Stem Cell Initiative

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 31-Aug-2014
Accounting for biological aggregation in heating and imaging of magnetic nanoparticles
We systematically characterize the effects of aggregation on both radiofrequency heating and magnetic resonance image (MRI) contrast of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, including detailed analysis of the aggregate morphologies based on quasi-fractal descriptions. While aggregation is shown to produce significant reductions in both heating and MRI contrast, we also present a new method to quantify and correlate these effects for clinical applications, such as cancer hyperthermia, utilizing sweep imaging with Fourier transform MRI.
University of Minnesota, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Genome Announcements
Scientists sequence complete genome of E. coli strain responsible for food poisoning
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first complete genome sequencing of a strain of E. coli that is a common cause of outbreaks of food poisoning in the United States. Although the E. coli strain EDL933 was first isolated in the 1980s, it gained national attention in 1993 when it was linked to an outbreak of food poisoning from Jack-in-the-Box restaurants in the western United States.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
PLOS Pathogens
The early cost of HIV
Researchers at UC Davis have made some surprising discoveries about the body's initial responses to HIV infection.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of California - Davis RISE, California HIV Research Program, NIH/Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health

Contact: Carole Gan
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Revealing a novel mode of action for an osteoporosis drug
Raloxifene is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for decreasing fracture risk in osteoporosis. While raloxifene is as effective at reducing fracture risk as other current treatments, this works only partially by suppressing bone loss. X-ray studies revealed an additional mechanism underlying raloxifene action, providing an explanation for how this drug can achieve equivalent clinical benefit.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Tona Kunz
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
Assortativity signatures of transcription factor networks contribute to robustness
The assortativity signature of transcription factor networks is an indication of robustness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
$1.25 million NIH grant to aid research on impact of heroin use
The University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work is the recipient of a 5-year, $1.25 million grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health to study the long-term use and health consequences of heroin use. Additionally, the grant provides resources to create the infrastructure that will support future research endeavors.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Marisa Ramirez
University of Houston

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Mice study shows efficacy of new gene therapy approach for toxin exposures
New research led by Charles Shoemaker, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, shows that gene therapy may offer significant advantages in prevention and treatment of botulism exposure over current methods. The findings of the National Institutes of Health funded study appear in the Aug. 29 issue of PLOS ONE.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rushmie A Nofsinger
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
'K-to-M' histone mutations: How repressing the repressors may drive tissue-specific cancers
A paper from a laboratory at the Stowers Institute of Medical Research reports the first animal model created to assess the molecular effects of two different histone H3.3 mutations in the fruit fly Drosophila. The study from a team led by Investigator Ali Shilatifard, Ph.D., published in the Aug. 29, 2014, issue of Science, strongly suggests that these mutations actually could drive cancer and identifies interacting partners and pathways that could be targeted for the treatment of cancer.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kim Bland, Ph.D.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Prions can trigger 'stuck' wine fermentations, researchers find
A biochemical communication system that crosses from bacteria to yeast, making use of prions, has been discovered. It is responsible for a chronic winemaking problem known as 'stuck fermentation' and may also have implications for better understanding metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, in humans.
G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Patricia Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
ACS Chemical Biology
Drug shows promise against Sudan strain of Ebola in mice
Researchers from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and other institutions have developed a potential antibody therapy for Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), one of the two most lethal strains of Ebola. A different strain, the Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), is now devastating West Africa. First identified in 1976, SUDV has caused numerous Ebola outbreaks -- most recently in 2012 -- that have killed more than 400 people in total. The findings were reported in ACS Chemical Biology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Canadian Institutes for Health Research, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD
Yale University researchers have identified a handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, using patients' own intestinal immune responses as a guide.
Blavatnik Family Foundation, Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cancer Research Institute Irvington Fellowship Program

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3466.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>


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