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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3806.

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Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Health researchers far behind industry using automation, leaves critical research unfunded
The National Institutes of Health has experienced funding cuts even as the number of scientists has grown significantly. University laboratories are closing, faculty positions are being cut, less life-saving research is being conducted, and researchers are spending considerably more time writing grants, and much less time actually doing research. More efficient means of conducting research will be needed if scientific progress is to continue.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Developmental Cell
Orchestrating hair cell regeneration: A supporting player's close-up
A new study in Developmental Cell, from Stowers Institute for Medical Research Associate Investigator Tatjana Piotrowski, Ph.D., zeros in on an important component in fish: the support cells that surround centrally located hair cells in each garlic-shaped sensory organ, or neuromast.
Hearing Health Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Stowers Institute

Contact: Kim Bland
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Researchers find the 'acoustic signature' of screams
A team of NYU neuroscientists has identified the 'acoustic signature' of screams, a study that points to the unique attributes of this form of expression and suggests we are able to generate sounds reserved exclusively for signaling distress.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Surprise -- subtle distractors may divert action more than overt ones
What's more distracting, something overt or something subtle? We all know the right answer when it comes to perception, but in a new study done at Brown University, the less salient of two distractors had the greater power to affect an action.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
UI researchers stimulate human amygdala to gain key insight into SUDEP
University of Iowa researchers have identified areas of the human brain in which breathing is controlled and, in some cases, impaired.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, McKnight Neuroscience of Brain Disorders Award, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Doris Duke Clinical Research Fellowship

Contact: Molly Rossiter
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
SLU scientist awarded special NIH grant to solve painkiller problem
SLU pain researcher Daniela Salvemini has been awarded the NIH's Cutting-Edge Basic Research Award to solve an alarming problem: pain killers that are capable of quelling terrible pain also carry debilitating side effects and significant risk of addiction.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
UGA researchers develop breakthrough tools in fight against cryptosporidium
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed new tools to study and genetically manipulate cryptosporidium, a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis. Their discoveries, published in the journal Nature, will ultimately help researchers in academia and industry find new treatments and vaccines for cryptosporidium, which is a major cause of disease and death in children under two years old.
National Institutes of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UGA Research Foundation, Georgia Research Alliance

Contact: Boris Striepen
University of Georgia

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain network that controls, redirects attention identified
Researchers at Columbia have found that key parts of the human brain network that give us the power to control and redirect our attention -- a core cognitive ability -- may be unique to humans.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Anne Holden, PhD
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Mercury scrubbers at power plant lower other pollution too
Air pollution controls installed at an Oregon coal-fired power plant to curb mercury emissions are unexpectedly reducing another class of harmful emissions as well.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Staci Simonich
Oregon State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Penn Vet team shows a protein modification determines enzyme's fate
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine show that an amino acid tag has the power to greatly influence the function of an enzyme called PRPS2, which is required for human life and can become hyperactive in cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Mari Lowe Center for Comparative Oncology

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Researcher gets $1.48 million to study disease that causes blindness in AIDS patients
Dr. Richard Dix, professor in the Department of Biology at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.48 million federal grant to study an eye disease that causes vision loss and blindness in HIV-immunosuppressed patients who do not have access to antiretroviral therapy or don't respond to the therapy.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Subset of plasma cells represent 'historical record' of childhood infections
Immunologists from Emory University have identified a distinct set of long-lived antibody-producing cells in the human bone marrow that function as an immune archive.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Nanoparticles used to prevent inflammatory acne through slow-released nitric oxide
GW researcher and dermatologist, Adam Friedman, M.D., and colleagues, find that the release of nitric oxide over time may be a new way to treat and prevent acne through nanotechnology.
National Institutes of Health, Air Force Research Laboratory, Dermatology Foundation

Contact: Anne Banner
George Washington University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research
Rates of drunk driving tied to state alcohol policies, BU study finds
States with more restrictive alcohol policies and regulations have lower rates of self-reported drunk driving, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University schools of public health and medicine and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Chedekel
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
American Journal of Addiction
NYU study examines psychoactive 'bath salt' use among US high school seniors
33 percent of students who used bath salts reported using only once or twice; however, frequent use was also common among users with an alarming 18 percent of users reporting using 40 or more times in the last year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Developmental Cell
Fruitfly sperm cells reveal intricate coordination in stem cell replication
Stem cells are key for the continual renewal of tissues in our bodies. As such, manipulating stem cells also holds much promise for biomedicine if their regenerative capacity can be harnessed. However, understanding how stem cells govern normal tissue renewal is a field still in its infancy. Researchers are making headway in this area by studying stem cells in their natural environment in fruitflies.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, ACS Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
ACS Nano
Magnetic nanoparticles could be key to effective immunotherapy
In recent years, researchers have hotly pursued immunotherapy, a promising form of treatment that relies on harnessing and training the body's own immune system to better fight cancer and infection. Now, results of a study led by Johns Hopkins investigators suggests that a device composed of a magnetic column paired with custom-made magnetic nanoparticles may hold a key to bringing immunotherapy into widespread and successful clinical use.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Troper Wojcicki Foundation, Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Scientists 'watch' rats string memories together
By using electrode implants to track nerve cells firing in the brains of rats as they plan where to go next, Johns Hopkins scientists say they have learned that the mammalian brain likely reconstructs memories in a way more like jumping across stepping stones than walking across a bridge. Their experiments shed light on what memories are and how they form, and gives clues about how the system can fail.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Psychological Medicine
Research finds ovarian hormones play genes like a fiddle
A complex relationship between genes, hormones and social factors can lead to eating disorders in women. Kelly Klump, Michigan State University eating disorder expert, has made monumental strides in deciphering how these factors interact. In her latest discovery, she has found that during the menstrual cycle, ovarian hormones act like a master conductor -- they turn genetic risk on and off in the body.
NIH/National Institute for Mental Health

Contact: Mackenzie Kastl
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Science Translational Medicine
University of Washington chemists help develop a novel drug to fight malaria
An international team of scientists -- led by researchers from the University of Washington and two other institutions -- has announced that a new compound to fight malaria is ready for human trials. In a new paper published July 15 in Science Translational Medicine, they show that this compound is the first to cripple a critical protein that the malaria parasite needs to survive, and is suitable for clinical tests in humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Breast cancer survivors gain weight at a higher rate than their cancer-free peers
Breast cancer survivors with a family history of the disease, including those who carry BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, gained more weight over the course of four years than cancer-free women -- especially if they were treated with chemotherapy, according to a prospective study by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers.
Breast Cancer Research Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Valerie Mehl
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Postmenopausal women with depression or urinary incontinence experience vaginal symptoms
Special efforts should be made to identify and treat depression and urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms, according to UC San Francisco researchers, as these two common conditions not only tend to co-exist with vaginal symptoms but also may complicate the impact of these symptoms on women's daily activities and quality of life.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institutes of Diabetes, Digestive, and Kidney Diseases, Office of Research on Women's Health, Paul Beeson Career Development Award in Aging Research, American Federation on Aging Research

Contact: Scott Maier
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Your phone knows if you're depressed
Depression can be detected from your smartphone sensor data by tracking the number of minutes you use the phone and your daily geographical locations, reports a Northwestern study. The more time you spend using your phone, the more likely you are depressed. Spending most of your time at home and most of your time in fewer locations also are linked to depression. The research could lead to monitoring people at risk of depression and enabling health care providers to intervene.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Study links success in adulthood to childhood psychiatric health
Children with even mild or passing bouts of depression, anxiety and/or behavioral issues were more inclined to have serious problems that complicated their ability to lead successful lives as adults, according to research from Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Breast cancer survivors gain more weight than cancer-free women
Among women with a family history of breast cancer, those diagnosed with breast cancer gained weight at a greater rate compared with cancer-free women of the same age and menopausal status.
Breast Cancer Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Gunther
American Association for Cancer Research

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3806.

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