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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3446.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Current Biology
Chimpanzee intelligence determined by genes
A chimpanzee's intelligence is largely determined by its genes, while environmental factors may be less important than scientists previously thought, according to a Georgia State University research study.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
New compound treats both blindness and diabetes in animal studies
In a new study led by UC San Francisco scientists, a chemical compound designed to precisely target part of a crucial cellular quality-control network provided significant protection, in rats and mice, against degenerative forms of blindness and diabetes.
Harrington Discovery Institute, National Institutes of Health, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, and others

Contact: Peter Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
High stress, hostility, depression linked with increased stroke risk
Higher levels of stress, hostility and depressive symptoms are associated with significantly increased risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack in middle-age and older adults. Significant increased risk was not observed for anger.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
American Heart Association

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Cultured CTCs reveal genetic profile, potential drug susceptibility of breast cancer cells
A study in the July 11 issue of Science finds that circulating tumor cells captured with a microchip-based device developed at Massachusetts General Hospital can be cultured to establish cell lines for genetic analysis and drug testing and that those cell lines accurately reflect a tumor's genetic mutation over time and changing susceptibility to therapeutic drugs.
Johnson & Johnson, Stand Up to Cancer, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Study points to potential new target for antibiotics against E. coli, other bugs
Scientists have identified a protein that is essential to the survival of E. coli bacteria, and consider the protein a potential new target for antibiotics.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Natividad Ruiz
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Window of opportunity against HIV comes from 'fitness bottleneck'
New research on HIV transmission among heterosexual couples in Zambia shows that viral fitness is an important basis of a 'genetic bottleneck' imposed every time a new person is infected. The findings define a window of opportunity for drugs or vaccines to prevent or limit infection.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, US Agency for International Development, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Penn mesothelioma program receives $8 million NCI grant
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in collaboration with the Roswell Park Cancer Institute have received an $8 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study the effects of photodynamic light therapy in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Vasectomy may increase risk of aggressive prostate cancer
Vasectomy was associated with a small increased risk of prostate cancer, and a stronger risk for advanced or lethal prostate cancer according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Protein pushes breast cancer cells to metastasize
Using an innovative tool that captures heretofore hidden ways that cells are regulated, scientists at Rockefeller University have identified a protein that makes breast cancer cells more likely to metastasize. What's more, the protein appears to trigger cancer's spread in part by blocking two other proteins that are normally linked to neurodegeneration, a finding that suggests these two disease processes could have unexpected ties.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Franklin Hoke
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Bacteria hijack plentiful iron supply source to flourish
In an era of increasing concern about antibiotic-resistant illness, Case Western Reserve researchers have identified a new pathway to disabling disease: blocking bacteria's access to iron. The scientists showed how bacterial siderophore, a small molecule, captures iron from two supply sources to fan bacterial growth -- as well as how the body launches a chemical counterassault against this infection process. Their findings appear in a recent edition of The Journal of Experimental Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients
Researchers studying critically ill children with traumatic injuries have identified an immune marker that predicts which patients are likely to develop a hospital-acquired infection. The study is part of several larger efforts that could lead to the clinical implementation of quick-turnaround immune function tests and treatments to prevent or reverse immune system damage following critical illness or injury in pediatric patients.
National Institutes of Health, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Postcards from the photosynthetic edge
Using the world's most powerful x-ray laser, an international collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers took femtosecond 'snapshots' of water oxidation in photosystem II, the only known biological system able to harness sunlight for splitting the water molecule. The results should help advance the development of artificial photosynthesis for clean, green and renewable energy.
Department of Energy Office of Science, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
USC scientists discover immune system component that resists sepsis in mice
Molecular microbiologists from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California have discovered that mice lacking a specific component of the immune system are completely resistant to sepsis, a potentially fatal complication of infection.
National Institutes of Health, GRL, Hastings Foundation, Fletcher Jones Foundation

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Lung cancer study hints at new treatments
Studying the most common type of lung cancer, researchers have uncovered mutations in a cell-signaling pathway that plays a role in forming tumors. The new knowledge may expand treatments for patients because drugs targeting some of these genetic changes already are available or are in clinical trials.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Review of ADHD drug approvals highlights gaps between approval process, long-term safety assessment
Over the last 60 years, the US Food and Drug Administration approved 20 medications for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder based on clinical trials that were not designed to study their long-term efficacy and safety or to detect rare adverse events, researchers at Boston Children's Hospital report today in PLOS ONE. The study highlights gaps in how the long-term safety of drugs intended for chronic use in children is assessed as part of the FDA approval process.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Keri Stedman
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Letrozole may help women with PCOS become pregnant
The drug letrozole results in higher birth rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, than the current preferred infertility treatment drug, according to a nationwide study led by Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Matt Solovey
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of the American Heart Association
Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases
Obesity is common among US Hispanics and is severe among young Hispanics. This is associated with a considerable risk for heart diseases.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Human cells' protein factory has an alternate operating manual
Working with a gene involved in HIV infection, University of Maryland researchers discovered some human genes have an alternate set of operating instructions written into their protein-making machinery, which can quickly alter the proteins' contents, functions and ability to survive. The UMD study, published in Nature, is the first to demonstrate the phenomenon of programmed ribosomal frameshifting in a human gene. Frameshifting helps regulate the gene's immune response, the authors report.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Depression in AMD patients with low vision can be halved by integrated therapies
The first clinical trial to examine integrated low vision and mental health treatment has shown that the approach can reduce the incidence of depression by half among people with low vision due to age-related macular degeneration. The results of the study were published online today in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Dayle Kern
American Academy of Ophthalmology

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Rockefeller scientists first to reconstitute the DNA 'replication fork'
While scientists have had an idea of the molecular tools that cells use to replicate DNA -- the enzymes that unzip the double-stranded DNA and create 'daughter' copies -- they did not have a clear picture of how the process works. Now, researchers at Rockefeller University have built the first model system to decipher what goes on at the 'replication fork' -- the point where DNA is split down the middle in order to create two exact copies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Franklin Hoke
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
Cinnamon may be used to halt the progression of Parkinson's disease
Neurological scientists at Rush University Medical Center have found that using cinnamon, a common food spice and flavoring material, can reverse the biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes that occur in the brains of mice with Parkinson's disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deb Song
Rush University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Nature Immunology
LJI develops new approach to identify genes poised to respond in asthma patients
In a study published yesterday in the scientific journal Nature Immunology, a group at the La Jolla Institute led by Pandurangan Vijayanand, Ph.D., identify new genes that likely contribute to asthma, a disease that currently affects over 200 million people world wide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Daniel Moyer
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association
UI researchers find early predictor for preeclampsia
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a biomarker that could give expecting mothers and their doctors the first simple blood test to reliably predict that a pregnant woman may develop preeclampsia, at least as early as six weeks into the pregnancy.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Molly Rossiter
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scripps Florida scientists uncover new compounds that could affect circadian rhythm
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a surprising new role for a pair of compounds that have the potential to alter circadian rhythm, the complex physiological process, present in most living things, that responds to a 24-hour cycle of light and dark. At least one of these compounds could be developed as a chemical probe to uncover new therapeutic approaches to a range of disorders, including diabetes and obesity.
National Institutes of Health, Florida Department of Health, State of Florida

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Study shows link between inflammation in maternal blood and schizophrenia in offspring
Maternal inflammation as indicated by the presence in maternal blood of early gestational C-reactive protein -- an established inflammatory biomarker -- appears to be associated with greater risk for schizophrenia in offspring.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3446.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>


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