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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3389.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
EEG study shows how brain infers structure, rules when learning
A new study documents the brain activity underlying our strong tendency to infer a structure of context and rules when learning new tasks (even when a structure isn't valid). The findings, which revealed individual differences, shows how we try to apply task knowledge to similar situations and could inform future research on learning disabilities.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Research study takes deeper look at the role of gut microbes in the immune system
New research suggests that gut microorganisms do not merely influence immune cell function, but also support the production of immune cells that form the first line of defense against infection. By understanding the mechanisms responsible for maintaining and replacing immune cells, researchers hope to one day develop targeted therapies to support and boost immune function in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
cara.martinez@cshs.org
310-423-7798
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
New discovery finds missing hormone in birds
How does the Arctic tern (a sea bird) fly more than 80,000 miles in its roundtrip North Pole-to-South Pole migration? How does the Emperor penguin incubate eggs for months during the Antarctic winter without eating? These physiological gymnastics would usually be influenced by leptin, the hormone that regulates body fat storage, metabolism and appetite. However, leptin has gone missing in birds -- until now.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Denise Henry
henryd@uakron.edu
330-972-6477
University of Akron

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Genetics
Research reveals new depths of complexity in nerve cells
Using mutant C. elegans, scientists found the protein CaM Kinase II plays a significant role in controlling when and where neuropeptides are released from neurons.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Greg Elwell
Greg-Elwell@OMRF.org
405-271-8955
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health. A latest study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the National Development and Research Institutes found evidence that men having sex with men use the Internet to find sexual partners who do not identify as gay, either to fulfill a fantasy or because it allows anonymous sexual encounters without discovery.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Adult day-care services boost beneficial stress hormones in caregivers
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Texas at Austin.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Nature Methods
New technique for identifying gene-enhancers
Berkeley Lab researchers led the development of a new technique for identifying gene enhancers -- sequences of DNA that act to amplify the expression of a specific gene -- in the genomes of humans and other mammals. Called SIF-seq, this new technique complements existing genomic tools, such as ChIP-seq, and offers additional benefits.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Obamacare: 42 percent of Americans can't explain a deductible
The week before open enrollment closes for new health care exchanges, a study shows that those who might potentially benefit the most from the Affordable Care Act -- including those earning near the federal poverty level -- are also the most clueless about health care policies.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-740-0252
University of Southern California

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein plays key role in infection by oral pathogen
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 is a key component in the process of gum disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Kelly
jkelly@forsyth.org
617-892-8602
Forsyth Institute

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Circulation Research
Protein called YAP gives blood vessels strength, shape
A protein known to promote cancer appears to give the blood vessels strength and shape, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
University of Cincinnati to study impact of blood 'microparticles' in inflammation, injury
University of Cincinnati trauma and critical care researcher Timothy Pritts, M.D., Ph.D., has received a National Institutes of Health grant to better understand how 'microparticles' in stored blood can contribute to inflammation and injury after resuscitation from traumatic injury. The five-year, $1.5 million R01 research award from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences will allow Pritts' team to investigate the nature of microparticles that bud off of damaged or active blood cells during storage.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katy Cosse
kathryn.cosse@uc.edu
513-558-0207
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
For neurons in the brain, identity can be used to predict location
There are many types of neurons of neurons, defined largely by the patterns of genes they use, and they 'live' in distinct brain regions. But researchers do not yet have a comprehensive understanding of these neuronal types and how they are distributed in the brain. A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory describes a new mathematical model that combines large data sets to predict where different types of cells are located within the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
jjansen@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Annals of Rheumatic Diseases
Study finds gout drug may reduce risk of death
In a recently to be published study in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, researchers have found the use of the drug allopurinol was associated with a reduced risk of death in hyperuricemic (gout) patients. The study, the first in a general population, has found the overall benefit of allopurinol on survival may outweigh the impact of rare serious adverse effects.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Arthritis Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Diabetes drug shows promise in reducing Alzheimer's disease in an experimental model
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found that the diabetic drug, pramlintide, reduces amyloid-beta peptides, a major component of Alzheimer's disease in the brain and improves learning and memory in two experimental Alzheimer's disease models. These findings, which appear online in Molecular Psychiatry, also found Alzheimer's disease patients have a lower level of amylin in blood compared to those without this disease. These results may provide a new avenue for both treatment and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Ignition Award, Boston University Alzheimer's Disease Center pilot grant

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists find a molecular clue to the complex mystery of auxin signaling in plants
Plants fine-tune the response of their cells to the potent plant hormone auxin by means of large families of proteins that either step on the gas or put on the brake in auxin's presence. Scientists at Washington University have learned that one of these proteins, a transcription factor, has an interaction region that, like a button magne, has a positive and negative face. Because of this domain, the protein can bind two other proteins or even chains of proteins arranged back to front.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Oncologists differ widely on offering cancer gene testing, study finds
Many cancer researchers believe that cutting-edge advances in genomics will pave the way for personalized or 'precision' cancer medicine for all patients in the near future. A new study by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, however, suggest that not all doctors are ready to embrace tests that look for hundreds of DNA changes in patients' tumor samples, while others plan to offer this type of cancer gene testing to most of their patients. The findings are published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Anne Doerr
Anne_Doerr@DFCI.harvard.edu
617-632-4090
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Deletion of FAT10 gene reduces body fat, slows down aging in mice
A single gene appears to play a crucial role in coordinating the immune system and metabolism, and deleting the gene in mice reduces body fat and extends lifespan, according to new research by scientists at the Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University and Yale University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrea Grossman
617-636-3728
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Pediatrics
Integrating mental health services in pediatric practices feasible, effective, Pitt finds
Brief behavioral and mental health programs for children can be effectively provided within pediatric practices as an alternative to being referred to a community specialist, University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences researchers found in a National Institutes of Health-funded randomized trial.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Human Reproduction
Study: Stress impacts ability to get pregnant
Women who have trouble getting pregnant may be under too much stress, according to a new study in the journal of Human Reproduction. According to researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, women who had the highest levels of stress actually took 29 percent longer to get pregnant compared to other women, and their risk of infertility doubled.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Allison Wenger
allison@mediasourcetv.com
614-565-4079
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
How developing sperm stick to the right path
The process of producing high-quality, fertile sperm requires many steps. Researchers show how the transcription factor p73 promotes this process by regulating the adhesions between developing sperm and their support cells.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Deutsche Krebshilfe

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Alcohol's role in traffic deaths vastly underreported: Study
It's no secret that drinking and driving can be a deadly mix. But the role of alcohol in US traffic deaths may be substantially underreported on death certificates, according to a study in the March issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: John Bowersox
jbowersox@niaaa.nih.gov
301-443-2857
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs
A proof-of-concept experiment has shown that, by shifting evolution into reverse, it may be possible to use 'green chemistry' to make a number of costly synthetic drugs as easily and cheaply as brewing beer.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Materials
MIT engineers design 'living materials'
Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that can conduct electricity or emit light.
Office of Naval Research, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Hertz Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Presidential Early Career Awrd for Scientists & Engineers

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Mass. General study identifies path to safer drugs for heart disease, cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may have found a way to solve a problem that has plagued a group of drugs called ligand-mimicking integrin inhibitors, which have the potential to treat conditions ranging from heart attacks to cancer metastasis.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 21-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Keck Medicine of USC research may point to better predictor of prostate cancer survival
New research by USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center scientists demonstrates that measuring circulating tumor cells -- the cells that spread cancer through the body -- may be a better predictor of patient survival than the prostate-specific antigen.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Hope Foundation

Contact: Leslie Ridgeway
lridgewa@usc.edu
323-442-2823
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3389.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

     
   

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