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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3567.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Pediatrics
Overweight, obese kids achieved healthier weights after participating in Head Start
Preschoolers who entered Head Start overweight or obese had achieved a healthier weight status than children in a comparison groups by the time they entered kindergarten, according to new research from the University of Michigan.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Masson
mfmasson@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Renowned professor's book addresses stem cell biology & regenerative medicine
In his latest book published by World Scientific, Professor David Warburton from The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the University of Southern California presents a collection of essays on the current state of the regenerative medicine and stem cell research field.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Fogarty International Center

Contact: Jason CJ
cjlim@wspc.com.sg
65-646-65775 x247
World Scientific

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Patch or pills? How quickly smokers break down nicotine may point to best ways to quit
Researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and collaborators have shown the benefits of a personalized approach to smoking treatment, based on how quickly smokers break down nicotine in their bodies.
MH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Kate Richards
media@camh.ca
416-535-8501 x36015
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify new gene mutations linked to colorectal cancer in African-Americans
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have identified new gene mutations unique to colon cancers in African Americans -- the population with the highest incidence and death rates of any group for this disease. This discovery -- namely, that colorectal cancers appear different on a molecular level in African-Americans -- offers new hope for these patients. With this groundbreaking knowledge, scientists now will seek to develop treatments to target the distinct nature of the disease in African-Americans.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
eLife
Blocking hormone could eliminate stress-induced infertility
Stress is known to interfere with reproduction, but a new study by UC Berkeley scientists shows that the effects of chronic stress on fertility persist long after the stress is gone. This is because a hormone that suppresses fertility, GnIH, remains high even after stress hormone levels return to normal. In rats, they successfully blocked the hormone gene and restored normal reproductive behavior, suggesting therapeutic potential for stressed humans and animals in captive breeding programs.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Physical Review Letters
They see flow signals: Researchers identify nature of fish's 'sixth sense'
A team of scientists has identified how a 'sixth sense' in fish allows them to detect flows of water, which helps resolve a long-standing mystery about how these aquatic creatures respond to their environment.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Nature Chemical Biology
TSRI scientists discover possible new target for treating brain inflammation
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has identified an enzyme that produces a class of inflammatory lipid molecules in the brain. Abnormally high levels of these molecules appear to cause a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder, and that disorder now may be treatable if researchers can develop suitable drug candidates that inhibit this enzyme.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society, Hewitt Foundation for Medical Research, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tufts University researchers identify mechanism involved in causing cataracts in mice
A team led by Tufts University researchers discovered that a communications breakdown between two biochemical pathways is involved in causing cataracts in mice. The newfound relationship between the ubiquitin and calpain pathways may lead to pharmaceuticals and dietary approaches that can prolong the function of the relevant pathways and delay the onset of cataracts in people.
National Institutes of Health, Alcon, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Andrea Grossman
617-636-3728
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
Penn Medicine study: Web-based TAVR marketing found to overstate benefits, understate risks
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement delivers a new, collapsible aortic valve through a catheter to the valve site within the heart -- a repair that otherwise requires open heart surgery. While a boon for many patients who would not have been a candidate for conventional surgery, Penn Medicine researchers have discovered that marketing for transcatheter aortic valve replacement does not accurately portray the risks associated with undergoing the procedure. Their analysis is available in the Jan. 12 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5660
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Brain
Imaging study finds first evidence of neuroinflammation in brains of chronic pain patients
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found, for the first time, evidence of neuroinflammation in key regions of the brains of patients with chronic pain. By showing that levels of an inflammation-linked protein are elevated in regions known to be involved in pain transmission, the study paves the way for the exploration of potential new treatment strategies and possibly for biomarkers reflecting pain conditions.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Center for Advancing Translational Science, National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Terri Ogan
togan@partners.org
617-726-0954
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sound mind, strong heart: Same protein sustains both
A Roman philosopher was the first to note the relationship between a sound mind and a sound body. Now the findings of a new Johns Hopkins study reveal a possible biochemical explanation behind this ancient observation.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, Magic That Matters Fund

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Lancet Oncology
FDA approved drug extends survival for patients with rare cancer
Sunitinib, an agent approved for use in several cancers, provides unprecedented antitumor activity in thymic carcinoma, a rare but aggressive tumor of the thymus gland, according to a phase II clinical trial.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Molecular Cancer Research
Potentially targetable signaling pathway generates slowly proliferating, chemo-resistant cancer cells
A signaling pathway responsible for the generation of slowly proliferating cancer cells, which are hard to eradicate with current treatments and thought to be a cause of subsequent disease relapse, has been reported in a Rapid Impact study published in Molecular Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Stand Up To Cancer, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Susan G. Komen, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development in Brazil

Contact: Jeremy Moore
jeremy.moore@aacr.org
215-446-7109
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Brain, Behavior and Immunity
WSU scientists find brain protein aids influenza recovery
Washington State University Spokane scientists have found a brain protein that boosts the healing power of sleep and speeds an animal's recovery from the flu. Krueger said the discovery could lead to alternative treatments for influenza and other infectious diseases, possibly by using intranasal sprays to stimulate the production of the brain protein, called AcPb.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher Davis
cjdavis@vetmed.wsu.edu
509-358-7820
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
People watching: Different brain pathways responsible for person, movement recognition
Researchers from University College London, Carnegie Mellon University and the University of California, San Diego have found that the ability to understand different movements, such as walking, skipping and jumping, engages different brain mechanisms from those that recognize who is initiating the action. Published in the Jan. 12 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study illustrates for the first time how individuals with prosopagnosia, or face blindness, are still able to recognize other people's movements.
The Royal Society, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Wellcome Trust, Marie-Curie

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 11-Jan-2015
Diabetologia
Black women working night shifts have an increased risk of developing diabetes
Data from a large ongoing study into the health of African-American women show that those who work night shifts are significantly more likely to develop diabetes than those who have never worked night shifts, with more years working the night shift resulting in a higher risk. Furthermore, the increased risk of diabetes seen in shift workers was more pronounced in younger women than older women. The study is published in Diabetologia.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Varsha Vimalananda
varsha.vimalananda@va.gov
781-687-3465
Diabetologia

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology , Experimental Brain Research
Playing catch can improve balance, prevent falls in seniors
The simple training exercise of catching a weighted medicine ball can improve balance and may help prevent falls in the elderly, according to research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Institutes of Health grant

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Researchers uncover cellular mechanism that protects lungs during severe infections
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered a novel molecular mechanism that tightens the bonds between the cells that line blood vessels to form a leak-proof barrier. The mechanism presents a potential new target to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome, an often fatal condition in which fluid leaks out of blood vessels into the lungs.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
sparmet@uic.edu
312-413-2695
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Health Behavior & Policy Review
Optimistic people have healthier hearts, study finds
Using the American Heart Association's criteria, a study of 5,000 adults found that the most optimistic people had twice the odds of being in ideal cardiovascular health as their pessimistic counterparts.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Sharita Forrest
slforres@illinois.edu
217-244-1072
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Alterations in fatty acid synthesis linked to sepsis inflammation
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a metabolic pathway that underlies sepsis inflammation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Cancer
Coupling head and neck cancer screening and lung cancer scans could improve survival
Adding head and neck cancer screenings to newly recommended lung cancer screenings would likely improve early detection and survival, according to a multidisciplinary team led by scientists affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
How quickly smokers metabolize nicotine may point to most effective way to quit
In a first-of-its-kind randomized clinical trial, researchers from Penn Medicine and collaborators have shown that the most-suited treatment for each smoker may depend on how quickly they metabolize the nicotine in their body after quitting.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Insulin nasal spray shows promise as treatment for adults with dementia and Alzheimer's
A man-made form of insulin delivered by nasal spray may improve working memory and other mental capabilities in adults with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia, according to a pilot study led by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/National Institute of Aging, US Department of Veteran Affairs

Contact: Marguerite Beck
marbeck@wakehealth.edu
336-716-2415
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Addictive Behaviors
Alcohol warnings from parents matter
Parenting practices and restrictions when it comes to alcohol use can make a difference with adolescent drinking, and there is considerable value to consistent and sustained parental attitudes about drinking, according to new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Bert Gambini
gambini@buffalo.edu
716-645-5334
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Smoking, alcohol, gene variant interact to increase risk of chronic pancreatitis
Genetic mutations may link smoking and alcohol consumption to destruction of the pancreas observed in chronic pancreatitis, according to a 12-year study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published today in Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology, provides insight into why some people develop this painful and debilitating inflammatory condition while most heavy smokers or drinkers do not appear to suffer any problems with it.
National Institutes of Health, Conselleria de Industria e Innovación, Xunta de Galicia, Spain

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Showing releases 201-225 out of 3567.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

     
   

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