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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3474.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
New glaucoma cause discovered
Scientists have discovered a novel cause of glaucoma in an animal model, and related to their findings, are now developing an eye drop aimed at curing the disease. They believe their findings will be important to human glaucoma. A cure for glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness in the US, has been elusive because the basis of the disease is poorly understood.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
International Journal of Obesity
Race and ethnicity important when evaluating risk of fat around the heart
A man's likelihood of accumulating fat around his heart -- an important indicator of heart disease risk -- may be better determined if doctors consider his race and ethnicity, as well as where on his body he's building up excess fat, reveals an international evaluation led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Why humans don't suffer from chimpanzee malaria
The DNA region controlling red-blood-cell invasion holds the genetic key to human malaria infection, according to new research. By comparing the genomes of malaria parasites that affect chimpanzees and those that affect humans, researchers discovered that it is the difference in the parasites' surface proteins that determine which host it will infect.
Wellcome Trust, European Union's 7th Framework Programme, National Institutes of Health, Agence Nationale de la Recherche, European Research Council

Contact: Mary Clarke
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
American Journal of Pathology
Breast milk may be protective against devastating intestinal disorder
Studies conducted by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles demonstrate that a protein called neuregulin-4 -- present in breast milk, but absent from formula -- may be protective against the intestinal destruction caused in necrotizing enterocolitis.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Saban Research Institute

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Journal of Adolescent Health
IU study links skipping school, failing tests to more sex, less condom use in teenagers
An Indiana University study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, showed that young women's weekday reports of skipping school and failing a test were significantly linked to more frequent vaginal sex, less frequent condom use and different sexual emotions, on that same day.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Eric Schoch
Indiana University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Intervention in 6-month-olds with autism eliminates symptoms, developmental delay
Treatment at the earliest age when autism spectrum disorder is detectable -- in infants as young as 6 months old -- significantly reduces symptoms so that by age 3 most who received the therapy had neither autism nor delay, a UC Davis MIND Institute research study has found.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Alcohol Treatment Quarterly
Religious youths are less likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol, Baylor study finds
Young people who regularly attend religious services and describe themselves as religious are less likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol, according to a new study.
John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Women in Science and Engineering Roundtable, Support of Undergraduate Research and Creative Endeavors

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
In one of nature's innovations, a single cell smashes and rebuilds its own genome
A study led by Princeton University researchers found that a pond-dwelling, single-celled organism has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate. This elaborate process could provide a template for understanding how chromosomes in more complex animals such as humans break apart and reassemble, as can happen during the onset of cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Morgan Kelly, Princeton Office of Communications
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Faces are more likely to seem alive when we want to feel connected
Feeling socially disconnected may lead us to lower our threshold for determining that another being is animate or alive, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Miriam Hospital among national research group awarded $20 million NIH grant
The Miriam Hospital is part of a research collaboration that has received a $20 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop an intravaginal ring that can deliver powerful antiretroviral drugs to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted HIV in women. Led by the Oak Crest Institute of Science, the five-year research initiative is funded under the NIH U19 Program, which supports collaborative projects involving multiple institutions.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elena Falcone-Relvas

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
New targets for treating pulmonary hypertension found
Two new potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a deadly disease marked by high blood pressure in the lungs, have been identified by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Their findings are reported in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, UIC/Area of Excellence Award, Pulmonary Hypertension Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Whale sex: It's all in the hips
Whales and dolphins need their hips, it turns out. The bones that we used to believe were vestigial turn out to be important to reproduction.
University of Southern California, National Institutes of Health, William Cheney, Jr. Memorial Fund for Mammalogy

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Novel cancer drug proves safe for leukemia patients
Results of a Phase I clinical trial showed that a new drug targeting mitochondrial function in human cancer cells was safe and showed some efficacy. The findings, reported by doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, are published in the current online edition of the journal Clinical Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Doug Coley Foundation for Leukemia Research, Frances P. Tutwiler Fund, MacKay Foundation for Cancer Research, Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Unusual immune cell needed to prevent oral thrush, Pitt researchers find
An unusual kind of immune cell in the tongue appears to play a pivotal role in the prevention of thrush, according to the researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine who discovered them. The findings, published online today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, might shed light on why people infected with HIV or who have other immune system impairments are more susceptible to the oral yeast infection.
National Institutes of Health, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh/UPMC, Pediatric Infectious Disease Society, Edmond J. Safra Foundation/Cancer Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Milbank Quarterly
Nearly half of older adults have care needs
Nearly half of older adults -- 18 million people -- have difficulty or get help with daily activities, according to a new study.
US Department of Health and Human Services, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Food craving is stronger, but controllable, for kids
Children show stronger food craving than adolescents and adults, but they are also able to use a cognitive strategy that reduces craving, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cancer Cell
Penn team finds ovarian cancer oncogene in 'junk DNA'
A Penn team has mined 'junk DNA' sequences to identify a non-protein-coding RNA whose expression is linked to ovarian cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund, Breast Cancer Alliance, Department of Defense, Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer Research, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Developmental Cell
Popular cancer drug target implicated in cardiovascular defects
UNC School of Medicine researchers have discovered an unlikely relationship between CXCR7 -- a protein implicated in tumor growth and metastasis -- and adrenomedullin -- a hormone involved in cardiovascular health. Deleting CXCR7 allows adrenomedullin to run rampant, triggering the development of an enlarged heart and the overgrowth of the lymphatic vessels that traffic immune cells and fluids throughout the body.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In directing stem cells, study shows context matters
Figuring out how blank slate stem cells decide which kind of cell they want to be when they grow up -- a muscle cell, a bone cell, a neuron -- has been no small task for science. Now, in a new study, a team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has added a new wrinkle to the cell differentiation equation, showing that the stiffness of the surfaces on which stem cells are grown can exert a profound influence on cell fate.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Kiessling
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cancer Cell
Notch1 and osteoblasts play role in bone cancer initiation
A new mouse model of osteogenic sarcoma, a potentially deadly form of bone cancer, shows that high levels of Notch1, a gene that helps determine cell fate, can drive osteoblasts, cells that normally lead to bone formation, to become cancerous, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in a report in the journal Cancer Cell.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Baylor College of Medicine, Cancer Fighters of Houston

Contact: Glenna Picton
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Fish oil may help curb seizure frequency in epilepsy
Low doses of fish oil may help to curb the frequency of epileptic seizures when drug treatment no longer works, suggests a small study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Contact: Emma Dickinson
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers discover a key to making new muscles
A new study finds that cyclic bursts of a STAT3 inhibitor can replenish muscle stem cells and promote their differentiation into muscle fibers. The findings are an important step toward developing and maintaining new muscle to treat muscle diseases.
US National Institutes of Health, Sanford-Burnham Center to A.S., California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Deborah Robison
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Genetics
Ultraviolet light-induced mutation drives many skin cancers, Stanford researchers find
A genetic mutation caused by ultraviolet light is likely the driving force behind millions of human skin cancers, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, US Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Targeting the protein-making machinery to stop harmful bacteria
In an effort to kill harmful bacteria -- including so-called super-bugs -- many scientists have been focusing on the ribosomes, which manufacture a cell's proteins. But a biologist at the University of Rochester is trying to stop those ribosomes from forming in the first place. And Gloria Culver has, for the first time, isolated the middle steps in the process that forms the ribosomes.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Materials
Platelet-like particles augment natural blood clotting for treating trauma
A new class of synthetic platelet-like particles could augment natural blood clotting for the emergency treatment of traumatic injuries -- and potentially offer doctors a new option for curbing surgical bleeding and addressing certain blood clotting disorders without the need for transfusions of natural platelets.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3474.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>


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