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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3555.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Triple-negative breast cancer patients should undergo genetic screening: Mayo Clinic
Most patients with triple-negative breast cancer should undergo genetic testing for mutations in known breast cancer predisposition genes, including BRCA1 and BRCA2, a Mayo Clinic-led study has found. The findings come from the largest analysis to date of genetic mutations in this aggressive form of breast cancer. The results of the research appear in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
National Institutes of Health, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, David F. and Margaret T. Grohne Family Foundation

Contact: Joe Dangor
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
CBE-Life Sciences Education
Why don't more minority students seek STEM careers? Ask them
At a retreat earlier this year, 50 underrepresented minority students had wide latitude to talk about what would enhance their STEM training. They identified eight major themes summarized in a new paper.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants
Kidneys donated by people born with a small variation in the code of a key gene may be more likely, once in the transplant recipient, to accumulate scar tissue that contributes to kidney failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Slotnick
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Nature Methods
TSRI scientists create new tool for exploring cells in 3-D
Researchers can now explore viruses, bacteria and components of the human body in more detail than ever before with software developed at the Scripps Research Institute. In a study published Dec. 1 in the journal Nature Methods, the researchers demonstrated how the software, called cellPACK, can be used to model viruses such as HIV.
National Science Foundation, Autodesk, National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, UCSF School of Pharmacy 2013 Mary Anne Koda-Kimble Seed Award for Innovation.

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Skipping college makes young people more likely to abuse pain pills
A study just released by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health compared the use of prescription opioids and stimulants among high school graduates, non-graduates, and their college-attending peers, and found that young adults who do not attend college are at particularly high risk for nonmedical prescription opioid use and disorder. In contrast, the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants is higher among college-educated young adults.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol and Alcoholism

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The human eye can see 'invisible' infrared light
Science textbooks say we can't see infrared light. Like X-rays and radio waves, infrared light waves are longer than the light waves in the visual spectrum. But an international team of researchers has found that under certain conditions, the retina can sense infrared light after all.
NIH/National Eye Institute, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Research to Prevent Blindness, Norwegian Research Council, TEAM project

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Widely used osteoporosis drugs may prevent breast, lung and colon cancers
The most commonly used medications for osteoporosis worldwide, bisphosphonates, may also prevent certain kinds of lung, breast and colon cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Italian Space Agency, National Science Foundation of China, National Center for Advancing Translational Science/Mount Sinai School of Medicine's Clinical and Translational Science Award

Contact: Renatt Brodsky
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify chemical compound that decreases effects of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is triggered when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath, the protective covering around the axons of nerve fibers. Currently available therapies are only partially effective in preventing the onset of permanent disability in MS patients. A research team led by the University of California, Riverside has identified a compound that minimizes axon degeneration, reducing the rate and degree of MS progression. This chemical stimulates axon re-sheathing, restoring uninterrupted flow of nerve impulses.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Study links sleep apnea to impaired exercise capacity
A new study shows that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with impaired exercise capacity, which is an indicator of increased cardiovascular risk.
American Sleep Medicine Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Cell Reports
Natural 'high' could avoid chronic marijuana use
Replenishing the supply of a molecule that normally activates cannabinoid receptors in the brain could relieve mood and anxiety disorders and enable some people to quit using marijuana, a Vanderbilt University study suggests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Study demonstrates that exercise following bariatric surgery provides health benefits
Researchers discover that moderate exercise following bariatric surgery reduces specific metabolic risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that moderate exercise may provide additional benefits to health beyond weight loss in these patients
NIH/Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Ciliopathies lie behind many human diseases
Growing interest in cilia, which are finger-like organelles that extend from the bodies of individual cells, has revealed their role in a number of human ailments. As a result of cilia's presence in a wide variety of cells, defects in them cause diverse human diseases that warrant further study.
National Institutes of Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School

Contact: James Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Mutation associated with premature ovarian failure identified
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a specific mutation in a family that results in premature ovarian failure.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Samuel and Emma Winters Biomedical Award, Magee-Womens Research Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Clinical trial demonstrates additive effect of exercise following gastric bypass
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that exercise following bypass surgery provides additional benefit for obese patients.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Nature Medicine
Penn study points to new therapeutic strategy in chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease affects at least one in four Americans who are older than 60 and can significantly shorten lifespan. Yet the few available drugs for chronic kidney disease can only modestly delay the disease's progress towards kidney failure. Now, however, a team has found an aspect of chronic kidney disease's development that points to a promising new therapeutic strategy.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Diabetic Complications Consortium

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Diabetes in midlife linked to significant cognitive decline 20 years later
People diagnosed with diabetes in midlife are more likely to experience significant memory and cognitive problems during the next 20 years than those with healthy blood sugar levels, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Acta Crystallographica Section D
Unraveling the complexity of proteins
Knowledge of the three-dimensional structures of proteins is essential for understanding biological processes.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
RSNA 2014 100th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting
Trial shows new imaging system may cut X-ray exposure for liver cancer patients
Johns Hopkins researchers report that their test of an interventional X-ray guidance device approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2013 has the potential to reduce the radiation exposure of patients undergoing intra-arterial therapy for liver cancer.
Max Kade Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Philips Research North America

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
SLU researcher finds an off switch for pain
Researchers have discovered a way to block a pain pathway in animal models of chronic neuropathic pain suggesting a promising new approach to pain relief.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Copper on the brain at rest
A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers has shown that proper copper levels are essential to the health of the brain at rest.
National Institutes of Health and Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Penn Medicine team develops cognitive test battery for spaceflight
Penn Medicine researchers have developed a cognitive test battery, known as Cognition, for the National Space Biomedical Research Institute to measure the impact of typical spaceflight stressors (like microgravity, radiation, confinement and isolation, exposure to elevated levels of CO2, and sleep loss) on cognitive performance. This computer-based test has already been tested by astronauts on Earth. It will be performed for the first time in a pilot study on the International Space Station (ISS) on Nov. 28.
National Space Biomedical Research Institute, NASA, National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research, The McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Greg Richter
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Carnegie Mellon researchers identify brain regions that encode words, grammar, story
Carnegie Mellon University scientists have produced the first integrated computational model of reading, identifying which parts of the brain are responsible for such sub-processes as parsing sentences, determining the meaning of words and understanding relationships between characters. They based their results on brain scan of people reading a Harry Potter book.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
56th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting
New England Journal of Medicine
Two studies identify a detectable, pre-cancerous state in the blood
Researchers from the Broad Institute, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard-affiliated hospitals have uncovered an easily detectable, 'pre-malignant' state in the blood that significantly increases the likelihood that an individual will go on to develop blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, or myelodysplastic syndrome. The discovery, which was made independently by two research teams affiliated with the Broad and partner institutions, opens new avenues for research aimed at early detection and prevention of blood cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Gabrielle's Angel Foundation, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Wellcome Trust, and others

Contact: Veronica Meade-Kelly
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Why do so many seniors with memory loss and dementia never get tested?
Despite clear signs that their memory and thinking abilities have gone downhill, more than half of seniors with these symptoms haven't seen a doctor about them, a new study finds. The researchers say their findings suggest that as many as 1.8 million Americans over the age of 70 with dementia are not evaluated for cognitive symptoms by a medical provider.
University of Michigan, NIH/National Institute on Aging, University of Utah

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Cell Reports
Enzyme may be key to cancer progression in many tumors
A new University of Iowa study provided a deeper understanding of how KRAS turns off tumor suppressor genes and identifies a key enzyme in the process. The findings, published online Nov. 26 in the journal Cell Reports, suggest that this enzyme, known as TET1, may be an important target for cancer diagnostics and treatment.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3555.

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