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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3402.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Penn Dental Medicine-NIH team reverses bone loss in immune disorder
Patients with leukocyte adhesion deficiency, or LAD, suffer from frequent bacterial infections, including the severe gum disease known as periodontitis. These patients often lose their teeth early in life. New research by University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine researchers, teaming with investigators from the National Institutes of Health, has demonstrated a method of reversing this bone loss and inflammation.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, European Research Council, US Public Health Service

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Society of Interventional Radiology 39th Annual Scientific Meeting
3-D MRI scans may offer better way to predict survival after chemo for liver tumors
In a series of studies involving 140 American men and women with liver tumors, researchers at Johns Hopkins have used specialized 3-D MRI scans to precisely measure living and dying tumor tissue to quickly show whether highly toxic chemotherapy -- delivered directly through a tumor's blood supply -- is working.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Some breast cancer tumors hijack patient epigenetic machinery to evade drug therapy
A breast cancer therapy that blocks estrogen synthesis to activate cancer-killing genes sometimes loses its effectiveness because the cancer takes over epigenetic mechanisms, including permanent DNA modifications in the patient's tumor, once again allowing tumor growth, according to an international team headed by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen Foundation

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Nature
Gut metabolism changes -- not stomach size -- linked to success of vertical sleeve gastrectomy
It's not the size of the stomach that causes weight loss after a specific type of bariatric surgery, but rather a change in the gut metabolism, say researchers from the University of Cincinnati, the University of Gothenburg in Sweden and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
National Institutes of Health, Ethicon Endo-Surger, Novo Nordisk, and others

Contact: Dama Ewbank
dama.ewbank@uc.edu
513-558-4519
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Bamboo-loving giant pandas also have a sweet tooth
Despite the popular conception of giant pandas as continually chomping on bamboo to fulfill a voracious appetite for this reedy grass, new research from the Monell Center reveals that this highly endangered species also has a sweet tooth. A combination of behavioral and molecular genetic studies demonstrated that the giant panda both possesses functional sweet taste receptors and also shows a strong preference for some natural sweeteners, including fructose and sucrose.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Leslie Stein
stein@monell.org
267-519-4707
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New drug successfully treats crizotinib-resistant, ALK-positive lung cancer
Now a new drug called ceritinib appears to be effective against advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, both in tumors that have become resistant to crizotinib and in those never treated with the older drug.
Novartis, NIH/National Cancer Institute, V Foundation for Cancer Research, Be a Piece of the Solution, Evan Spirito Memorial Founndation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
kmarquedant@partners.org
617-726-0337
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Model predicts blood glucose levels 30 minutes later
A mathematical model created by Penn State researchers can predict with more than 90 percent accuracy the blood glucose levels of individuals with type 1 diabetes up to 30 minutes in advance of imminent changes in their levels -- plenty of time to take preventative action.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sensing gravity with acid
While probing how organisms sense gravity and acceleration, scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and the University of Utah uncovered evidence that acid (proton concentration) plays a key role in communication between neurons. The surprising discovery is reported this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Haynes is first to identify cellular patterns of contraction in human hearts
Premi Haynes, a physiology Ph.D. candidate in the Campbell Muscle Lab at the University of Kentucky, has documented the different cellular patterns and mechanical functions in contractions of the human heart. The findings indicate possible therapeutic targets for treatment of disease and heart failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mallory Powell
mallory.powell@uky.edu
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain differences in college-aged occasional drug users
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered impaired neuronal activity in the parts of the brain associated with anticipatory functioning among occasional 18- to 24-year-old users of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and prescription drugs such as Adderall.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
The search is on for a hepatitis B drug, thanks to a million dollars in NIH grants to SLU
Two grants from the National Institutes of Health will allow Saint Louis University researchers to build on breakthroughs in understanding the hepatitis B virus and begin the search for a drug to cure -- not just halt -- the illness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
bebermcl@slu.edu
314-977-8015
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Comparative Neurology
USF study: Blood-brain barrier repair after stroke may prevent chronic brain deficits
Following ischemic stroke, the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, which prevents harmful substances such as inflammatory molecules from entering the brain, can be impaired in cerebral areas distant from initial ischemic insult. This disruptive condition, known as diaschisis, can lead to chronic post-stroke deficits, University of South Florida researchers report in a recent issue of the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
National Institutes of Health, James and Esther King Biomedical Research Program

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
abaier@health.usf.edu
813-974-3303
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Chemical Biology
MRI reveals genetic activity
New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory.
Raymond & Beverly Sackler Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MIT-Germany Seed Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Twenty-five percent of breast cancer survivors report financial decline due to treatment
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Catheter innovation destroys dangerous biofilms
Duke University engineers have developed a new design that could help eliminate the threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters. The dual-channel design uses a mechanical method to uproot biofilms from their moorings so that they can easily be flushed away.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Mentally challenging jobs may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, US Social Security Administration

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
swanbrow@umich.edu
734-647-9069
University of Michigan

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
EEG study shows how brain infers structure, rules when learning
A new study documents the brain activity underlying our strong tendency to infer a structure of context and rules when learning new tasks (even when a structure isn't valid). The findings, which revealed individual differences, shows how we try to apply task knowledge to similar situations and could inform future research on learning disabilities.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Research study takes deeper look at the role of gut microbes in the immune system
New research suggests that gut microorganisms do not merely influence immune cell function, but also support the production of immune cells that form the first line of defense against infection. By understanding the mechanisms responsible for maintaining and replacing immune cells, researchers hope to one day develop targeted therapies to support and boost immune function in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
cara.martinez@cshs.org
310-423-7798
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
New discovery finds missing hormone in birds
How does the Arctic tern (a sea bird) fly more than 80,000 miles in its roundtrip North Pole-to-South Pole migration? How does the Emperor penguin incubate eggs for months during the Antarctic winter without eating? These physiological gymnastics would usually be influenced by leptin, the hormone that regulates body fat storage, metabolism and appetite. However, leptin has gone missing in birds -- until now.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Denise Henry
henryd@uakron.edu
330-972-6477
University of Akron

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Genetics
Research reveals new depths of complexity in nerve cells
Using mutant C. elegans, scientists found the protein CaM Kinase II plays a significant role in controlling when and where neuropeptides are released from neurons.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Greg Elwell
Greg-Elwell@OMRF.org
405-271-8955
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health. A latest study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the National Development and Research Institutes found evidence that men having sex with men use the Internet to find sexual partners who do not identify as gay, either to fulfill a fantasy or because it allows anonymous sexual encounters without discovery.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Adult day-care services boost beneficial stress hormones in caregivers
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Texas at Austin.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Nature Methods
New technique for identifying gene-enhancers
Berkeley Lab researchers led the development of a new technique for identifying gene enhancers -- sequences of DNA that act to amplify the expression of a specific gene -- in the genomes of humans and other mammals. Called SIF-seq, this new technique complements existing genomic tools, such as ChIP-seq, and offers additional benefits.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Obamacare: 42 percent of Americans can't explain a deductible
The week before open enrollment closes for new health care exchanges, a study shows that those who might potentially benefit the most from the Affordable Care Act -- including those earning near the federal poverty level -- are also the most clueless about health care policies.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-740-0252
University of Southern California

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein plays key role in infection by oral pathogen
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 is a key component in the process of gum disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Kelly
jkelly@forsyth.org
617-892-8602
Forsyth Institute

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3402.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

     
   

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