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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3753.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Marriage can lead to dramatic reduction in heavy drinking in young adults
Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers collaborating between the University of Missouri and Arizona State University have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people with severe drinking problems. Scientists believe findings could help improve clinical efforts to help these people, inform public health policy changes and lead to more targeted interventions for young adult problem drinkers.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Our elegant brain: Motor learning in the fast lane
Researchers at McGill University have discovered that to learn new motor skills, neurons within the cerebellum engage in elegant, virtually mathematical, computations to quickly compare expected and actual sensory feedback. They then quickly readjust, changing the strength of connections between other neurons to form new patterns in the brain in order to accomplish the task at hand.
Canadian Institute of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies

Contact: Katherine Gombay
McGill University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Sleep Medicine
Chronic insomnia sufferers may find relief with half of standard pill dose
The roughly nine million Americans who rely on prescription sleeping pills to treat chronic insomnia may be able to get relief from as little as half of the drugs, and may even be helped by taking placebos in the treatment plan, according to new research published today in the journal Sleep Medicine by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Their findings starkly contrast with the standard prescribing practices for chronic insomnia treatment.
National Institutes of Health National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Contact: Greg Richter
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Northwestern receives $17.5 million grant for HIV prevention research
Northwestern University scientists will lead an interdisciplinary project funded by the National Institutes of Health to invent, develop and test an implantable drug delivery system to protect high-risk individuals from HIV infection. Northwestern recently received a five-year, $17.5 million grant from the NIH for this project.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
What would the world look like to someone with a bionic eye?
A new UW study concludes that while major advancements have been made in vision recovery technologies, the vision provided by those devices might be very different from what scientists and patients have assumed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nanoparticles used to breach mucus barrier in lungs
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil have designed a DNA-loaded nanoparticle that can pass through the mucus barrier covering conducting airways of lung tissue.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

Contact: Marin Hedin
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Social Science and Medicine
Residential location affects pregnant women's likelihood of smoking
Women are more likely to smoke during pregnancy when they live in areas where socio-economic resources are lower but also where smoking is more socially accepted, according to new study from Rice University's Kinder Institute for Urban Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
New approach for making vaccines for deadly diseases
Researchers have devised an entirely new approach to vaccines -- creating immunity without vaccination. They demonstrated that animals injected with synthetic DNA engineered to encode a specific neutralizing antibody against the dengue virus were capable of producing the exact antibodies necessary to protect against disease, without the need for standard antigen-based vaccination. This approach, was rapid, protecting animals within a week of administration.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and Inovio Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Veterans returning from Middle East face higher skin cancer risk
Soldiers who served in the glaring desert sunlight of Iraq and Afghanistan returned home with an increased risk of skin cancer, due not only to the desert climate, but also a lack of sun protection, Vanderbilt dermatologist Jennifer Powers, M.D., reports in a study published recently in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.
Skin Cancer Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
International Journal of Nanomedicine
Vaccine with virus-like nanoparticles effective treatment for RSV, study finds
A vaccine containing virus-like nanoparticles, or microscopic, genetically engineered particles, is an effective treatment for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), according to researchers at Georgia State University.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
It's all connected: Daily changes in mouse gut bacteria moves with internal clock, gender
Researchers analyzed circadian rhythms in abundance and type of microbiota in the gut and feces of mice using genetic sequencing. They found that the absolute abundance of a large group of rod-shaped bacteria common in the gut and skin of animals, and relative species make-up of the microbiome, changed over a 24-hour cycle, and this rhythmicity was more pronounced in female mice.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Stress responder is a first responder in helping repair DNA damage and avoiding cancer
DNA damage increases the risk of cancer, and researchers have found that a protein, known to rally when cells get stressed, plays a critical, early step in its repair.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Combination therapy may be more effective against the most common ovarian cancer
High-grade serous ovarian cancer often responds well to the chemotherapy drug carboplatin, but why it so frequently comes back after treatment has been a medical mystery.
American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science UCLA Clinical Translational Science Institute

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
WSU researchers investigate effect of environmental epigenetics on disease and evolution
Washington State University researchers say environmental factors are having an underappreciated effect on the course of disease and evolution by prompting genetic mutations through epigenetics, a process by which genes are turned on and off independent of an organism's DNA sequence. Their assertion is a dramatic shift in how we might think of disease and evolution's underlying biology and 'changes how we think about where things come from,' said WSU biologist Michael Skinner.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Skinner
Washington State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genetic adaptation keeps Ethiopians heart-healthy despite high altitudes
Ethiopians have lived at high altitudes for thousands of years, providing a natural experiment for studying human adaptations to low oxygen, a condition known as hypoxia. One factor that may enable Ethiopians to tolerate high altitudes and hypoxia is the endothelin receptor type B (EDNRB) gene. Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine now find that mice with lower-than-normal levels of EDNRB protein are remarkably tolerant to hypoxia.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Methods
New method reveals hidden population of regulatory molecules in cells
A recently discovered family of small RNA molecules, some of which have been implicated in cancer progression, has just gotten much larger thanks to a new RNA sequencing technique enabling sensitive detection of small RNAs that are chemically modified (methylated) after being transcribed from the genome. The researchers used the technique to reveal an abundance of modified fragments derived from transfer RNA molecules in both yeast cells and human cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Genetics
Further evidence of genetic key to deadliest form of skin cancer
Scientists from the University of Leeds have uncovered further evidence that the protective buffers at the ends of chromosomes -- known as telomeres -- are fundamental to the understanding of the deadliest form of skin cancer, melanoma.
Cancer Research UK, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ben Jones
University of Leeds

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Surprising results casts new light on the free radical theory of aging
When scientists in the Campisi lab at the Buck Institute bred mice that produced excess free radicals that damaged the mitochondria in their skin, they expected to see accelerated aging across the mouse lifespan - additional proof of the free radical theory of aging. Instead, they saw a surprising benefit in young animals: accelerated wound healing due to increased epidermal differentiation and re-epithelialization.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Health Affairs
Waiving Medicare's 3-day rule lessens hospital stay
A new study finds that when Medicare Advantage plans have waived a rule requiring a minimum of three days in the hospital before skilled nursing care can be covered, the effect was less time in the hospital, which can save money and reduce potential hospital complications for patients. Potentially negative implications were not in evidence.
Alliance for Quality Nursing Home Care, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Even moderate picky eating can have negative effects on children's health
Picky eating among children is a common but burdensome problem that can result in poor nutrition for kids, family conflict, and frustrated parents. Although many families see picky eating as a phase, a new study from Duke Medicine finds moderate and severe picky eating often coincides with serious childhood issues such as depression and anxiety that may need intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Jul-2015
Researchers surprise mouth fungus with sugary 'Trojan horse' that hides medicine
Scientists from the University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine will borrow a famous strategy from Greek warfare -- the Trojan horse -- to fight a fungus that exists in the mouths and skin of nearly half of the world's population.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Marcene Robinson
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 31-Jul-2015
Breast Cancer Research
Researchers identify new cancer marker and possible therapeutic target for breast cancer
A new way to detect -- and perhaps treat -- one of the deadliest types of breast cancer has been found. Led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine, the study appears online in Breast Cancer Research.
Research Promotion Foundation of Cyprus, Susan G. Komen for the Cure Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Jul-2015
Brown University to help Ghana build HIV, TB research capacity
With $1.45 million over five years from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health, a pair of Brown University professors will work with colleagues in Ghana to build the research capacity needed to address the deadly co-epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis.
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Exercise during adolescence linked to lowered risk of death later
Women who participated in exercise as adolescents had a reduced risk of death from cancer and all causes in their middle and older ages.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lauren Riley
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 30-Jul-2015
Nature Immunology
How to become a T follicular helper cell
Follicular helper Tcells (TFH cells), a rare type of immune cell that is essential for inducing a strong and lasting antibody response to viruses and other microbes, have garnered intense interest in recent years but the molecular signals that drive their differentiation had remained unclear. Now, a team of researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology has identified a pair of master regulators that control the fate of TFH cells.
La Jolla Institute of Allergy and Immunology, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3753.

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