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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3754.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Journal of Virology
UMN scientists identify 2 mutations critical for MERS transmission from bats to humans
Researchers have identified two critical mutations allowing the deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus to transmit from bats to humans. The findings were published in the most recent edition of the Journal of Virology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
SLEEP 2015
College students who binge drink have more delayed sleep timing, variable sleep schedules
A new study suggests that students who initiate and/or continue drinking and engage in binge drinking in college have more delayed sleep timing and more variable sleep schedules.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Scientific Reports
High salt prevents weight gain in mice on a high-fat diet
In a study that seems to defy conventional dietary wisdom, University of Iowa scientists have found that adding high salt to a high-fat diet actually prevents weight gain in mice. The findings highlight the profound effect non-caloric dietary nutrients can have on energy balance and weight gain, and suggest that public health efforts to continue lowering sodium intake may have unexpected and unintended consequences.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Study: DASH diet can substitute lean pork for chicken or fish to reduce blood pressure
Adults who are following the DASH-style eating pattern to lower their blood pressure can expand their protein options to include lean, unprocessed pork, according to research from Purdue University.
National Pork Board, NIH/Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute and Clinical Research Center, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
Purdue University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Cell Metabolism
Scripps Florida scientists uncover unique role of nerve cells in the body's use of energy
While it is well-known that weight gain results from an imbalance between what we eat and our energy expenditure, not so obvious is the role the nervous system plays in controlling that energy balance. Now scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shed light on the question.
National Institutes of Health, Klarman Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
New drug triggers tissue regeneration: Faster regrowth and healing of damaged tissues
The concept sounds like the stuff of science fiction: take a pill, and new tissues grow to replace damaged ones. Case Western Reserve and University of Texas-Southwestern researchers announce steps toward turning this idea into reality. In a study published in Science June 12, they detail how a new drug repaired damage to the colon, liver and bone marrow in animal models -- even saving mice who would have died in a bone marrow transplantation model.
National Institutes of Health, Cleveland Clinic/National Center for Accelerating Innovation, Marguerite Wilson Foundation, Welch Foundation, Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas, Korean National Research Foundation

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Dendritic cells of elite controllers able to recognize, mount defense against HIV
Investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard have added another piece to the puzzle of how a small group of individuals known as elite controllers are able to control HIV infection without drug treatment. The research team reports finding that dendritic cells of elite controllers are better able to detect the presence of HIV, which enables them to stimulate the generation of T cells specifically targeting the virus.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Dionne Sullivan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Study unites neuroscience and psychology to paint more complete picture of sleep and memory
A new study from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute integrates neuroscience and psychological research to reveal how sleep is more complex than previously thought. The new research shows in animal models that sleep suppresses the activity of certain nerve cells that promote forgetting, insuring that at least some memories will last.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Stanford scientists find genetic basis of brain networks seen in imaging studies
A new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine found that synchronized physiological interactions between remote brain regions have genetic underpinnings.
National Institutes of Health, Allen Institute, Feldman Family Foundation, IMAGEN Consortium, European Union

Contact: Bruce Goldman
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Stroke education helps patients recognize stroke symptoms, encourages fast response
Clear, simple preparedness messages can help patients recognize symptoms of a subsequent stroke and speed up emergency room arrival times. Stroke education materials dramatically improved hospital arrival times, specifically among Hispanic stroke patients.
NIH/ National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
American Heart Association

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Child Neuropsychology
Movement in ADHD may help children think, perform better in school
The constant movement of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be distracting -- but the fidgeting also may improve their cognitive performance, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Children's Miracle Network, UC Davis MIND Institute Pilot Grant, MIND Institute Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center

Contact: Phyllis K. Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Serotonin receptor is involved in eczema and other itch conditions
Scratching the itch of eczema, researchers have identified the serotonin receptor HTR7 as a key mediator of eczema and other forms of chronic itch. Eczema affects some 10 percent of the population and can involve intense, frequent itching and a flaming red rash. There is no cure and treatments are often not effective. The research, in mice, points to targets for new treatments and helps explain why itch can be a side effect of antidepressants.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Age Research

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Scientific Reports
Short boys are 2 to 3 times as likely as short girls to receive growth hormone
Short boys are three times more likely than short girls to receive recombinant human growth hormone treatment for idiopathic short stature (ISS), even though in a general pediatric population, equal proportions of both genders fall under the height threshold designating ISS. Researchers who analyzed records of over 283,000 US children and adolescents found a clear-cut and persistent gender bias in the provision of treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Genentech Center for Clinical Research in Endocrinology

Contact: Joey McCool Ryan
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
SLEEP 2015
Sleep problems and energy product use associated with increased alcohol use in teens
A new study suggest sleep problems and energy product use are associated with increased alcohol use in teens, even after controlling for sociodemographics and mental health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
First functional, synthetic immune organ with controllable antibodies created by engineers
Cornell University engineers have created a functional, synthetic immune organ that produces antibodies and can be controlled in the lab, completely separate from a living organism. The engineered organ has implications for everything from rapid production of immune therapies to new frontiers in cancer or infectious disease research.
National Institutes of Health, Cornell and Weill Cornell seed grant program, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
More Frequent overnight hot flashes linked with brain scan changes
Women who had more hot flashes during sleep had a greater number of brain scan changes.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, University of Pittsburgh

Contact: Ashley Trentrock
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Study discovers new method of classifying low-grade brain tumors
Scientists and physicians from federally designated cancer centers used molecular and genetic analysis to develop a new method of classifying brain tumors known as low and intermediate grade gliomas. The approach reduces the role of individual observers' assessments of the tumors' appearance. This should improve diagnosis and treatment, and identifies biological targets for future therapies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: George Stamatis
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Scripps Florida scientists win $2.1 million to study protein linked to Parkinson's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $2.1 million from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to study a protein that has been closely linked in animal models to Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
SLEEP 2015
Partial sleep deprivation linked to biological aging in older adults
A new study suggests that one night of partial sleep deprivation promotes biological aging in older adults.
UCLA Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, UCLA, American Sleep Medicine Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
American Diabetes Association 75th Scientific Sessions
Fast-tracking precision medicine: Drug re-aimed to target diabetic kidney disease
It started out as a treatment for arthritis. But steered by science, it could become a first new approach in two decades for treating the damage that diabetes inflicts on the kidneys of millions of people.
Eli Lilly & Co, National Institutes of Health, European Union, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Youth on the autism spectrum overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers has shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, National Research Service

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
British Medical Journal
New study explores whether newborns delivered by c-section face higher risk of chronic health problems later in life
A new paper in the British Medical Journal by Jan Blustein, M.D., Ph.D., of New York University's Wagner School and a professor of medicine and population health at NYU School of Medicine, and Jianmeng Liu, M.D., Ph.D., of Peking University examines the evidence as to whether newborns delivered by C-section are more likely to develop chronic diseases later in life.
New York University Clinical and Translational Science Institute, National Center for the Advancement of Translational Science, National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Lorinda Klein
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Science Translational Medicine
'Mutation accelerator' identified in gene mutation linked to common adult leukemia
In preliminary experiments with mice and lab-grown cells, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have found that a protein-signaling process accelerates the work of the gene most frequently mutated in a common form of adult leukemia and is likely necessary to bring about the full-blown disease.
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, Gabrielle's Angel Foundation for Cancer Research, Edward P. Evans Foundation, Petre Foundation

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Common antibiotic may be the answer to many multidrug-resistant bacterial infections
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences report that the common antibiotic azithromycin kills many multidrug-resistant bacteria very effectively -- when tested under conditions that closely resemble the human body and its natural antimicrobial factors. The researchers believe the finding, published June 10 by EBioMedicine, could prompt an immediate review of the current standard of care for patients with certain so-called 'superbug' infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Genome Biology
Mother's environment before conception may affect her child's life long risk of disease
Scientists have shown for the first time that a mother's environment around the time of conception could permanently change the function of a gene influencing immunity and cancer risk in her child. Diet is likely to play a role in this process, according to the study published in Genome Biology.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, US Department of Agriculture, The Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, UK Department for International Development

Contact: Jenny Orton
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3754.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>


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