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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3660.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
Predicting chronic pain in whiplash injuries
While most people recover from whiplash injuries within a few months, about 25 percent have long-term pain and disability for many months or years. Using special MRI imaging, scientists identified, within the first one and two weeks of the injury, which patients will develop chronic pain and disability. This is the earliest these patients have been identified and will enable faster treatment. The imaging revealed large amounts of fat infiltrating the patients' neck muscles, indicating rapid atrophy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
VSV-EBOV Ebola vaccine appears safe and generates immune response
An experimental Ebola vaccine called VSV-EBOV appears safe and elicited a robust immune response in a small phase 1 clinical trial, according to findings to be published in the New England Journal of Medicine on April 2, 2015. Two independent but coordinated studies, performed at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, explored the safety and immunogenicity of the investigational vaccine when administered at different dosages.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute,Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program

Contact: Dr. Debra Yourick
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Anticancer drug can spur immune system to fight infection
Imatinib, an example of a 'targeted therapy' against cancer, or related drugs might be tools to fight a variety of infections.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
Exercise for older mouse mothers lowers risk of heart defects in babies
In people, a baby's risk of congenital heart defects is associated with the age of the mother. Risk goes up with increasing age. Newborn mice predisposed to heart defects because of genetic mutations show the same age association. A new study demonstrates that older mouse mothers reduce this risk for their offspring to that of younger mouse mothers through exercise alone, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Lawrence J. & Florence A. DeGeorge Charitable Trust, Children's Discovery Institute of Washington University and St. Louis Children's Hospital, Children's Heart Foundation

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
JAMA Dermatology
Sexual dysfunction inadequately reported in hair loss drug trials
Not one of the 34 published clinical trial reports provided adequate information about the severity, frequency or reversibility of sexual adverse effects.
National Institutes of Health, Post-Finasteride Syndrome Foundation

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
Springing ahead of nature: Device increases walking efficiency
It's taken millions of years for humans to perfect the art of walking. But research results published today in the journal Nature show that humans can get better 'gas mileage' using an unpowered exoskeleton to modify the structure of their ankles. The device puts an extra spring in each human step, reducing metabolic energy consumption by 7 percent below walking in normal athletic shoes.
U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Greg Sawicki
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Number of childhood cancer survivors increasing, most have morbidities
The prevalence of childhood cancer survivors is estimated to have increased, and the majority of those who have survived five or more years beyond diagnosis may have at least one chronic health condition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lauren Riley
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Nature Medicine
Researchers identify 'beige' fat-burning cells in humans
For the first time, a research team, led by a UC San Francisco biologist, has isolated energy-burning 'beige' fat from adult humans, which is known to be able to convert unhealthy white fat into healthy brown fat. The scientists also found new genetic markers of this beige fat.
National Institutes of Health, Pew Charitable Trust, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Manpei Suzuki Diabetes Foundation

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Clinical Science
Folic acid may help elderly weather heat waves
Supplemental folic acid can enhance blood vessel dilation in older adults, according to Penn State researchers, suggesting that folic acid supplements may be an inexpensive alternative for helping older adults to increase skin blood flow during heat waves and reduce cardiovascular events.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Premature aging of stem cell telomeres, not inflammation, linked to emphysema
Lung diseases like emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis are common among people with malfunctioning telomeres, the 'caps' or ends of chromosomes. Now, researchers from Johns Hopkins say they have discovered what goes wrong and why.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
$2.1 million grant targets antibiotic resistance
Dr. Walter Fast at The University of Texas at Austin has received a four-year $2.1 million grant to develop small-molecules that counter antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. If successful, the research focusing on enzymes called metallo-beta-lactamases could lead to new drugs for treating bacterial infections resistant to antibiotics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Vicki Matustik
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Orthopaedic Research Society 2015 Annual Meeting
Brittle bone disease: Drug research offers hope
New research at the University of Michigan offers evidence that a drug being developed to treat osteoporosis may also be useful for treating osteogenesis imperfecta or brittle bone disease, a rare but potentially debilitating bone disorder that that is present from birth.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gabe Cherry
University of Michigan

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Score! Video gamers may learn visual tasks more quickly
Video games not only sharpen the visual processing skills of frequent players, they might also improve the brain's ability to learn those skills, according to a new study. Gamers showed faster consolidation of learning when moving from one visual task to the next than did non-gamers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists reveal unique mechanism of natural product with powerful antimicrobial action
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have uncovered the unique mechanism of a powerful natural product with wide-ranging antifungal, antibacterial, anti-malaria and anti-cancer effects. The new study sheds light on the natural small molecule known as borrelidin.
National Institutes of Health, Korean Global Frontier Project, and PGA Women's Cancer Awareness Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Kids allowed to 'sip' alcohol may start drinking earlier
Children who get a taste of their parents' wine now and then may be more likely than their peers to start drinking by high school, according to a new report in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: David Orenstein
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Clinical Journal of Pain
UF study finds vitamin D can affect pain, movement in obese osteoarthritis patients
If you are overweight and have osteoarthritis, you may want to bone up on vitamin D.
NIH//National Institute on Aging, University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Contact: Tracy Wright
University of Florida

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3-D human skin maps aid study of relationships between molecules, microbes and environment
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences produced 3-D maps of molecular and microbial variations across the body. These maps provide a baseline for studies of the interplay between the molecules that make up our skin, our microbiomes, our personal hygiene routines and other environmental factors. The study, published March 30 by PNAS, may help further our understanding of the skin's role in human health and disease.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Keck Foundation, San Diego Center for Systems Biology, European Union 7th Framework Programme and Science Without Borders Program

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
OU team receives grant for innovative technique to enhance breast cancer detection
An innovative technique that enhances breast cancer detection while reducing radiation dose has been proposed by a University of Oklahoma research team. In response, the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health has awarded a $3 million grant to the OU team to facilitate the technique, which includes building a patient imaging system and conducting preclinical evaluations and Phase I clinical trials.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Depression and Anxiety
Impact of domestic violence on women's mental health
In addition to their physical injuries, women who are victims of domestic violence are also at a greater risk of mental health problems such as depression and psychotic symptoms.
United Kingdom Medical Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council, NIh/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
University of Montreal

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
BMC study: New Hepatitis C treatments cost-effective, but only for selected patients
A study led by Boston Medical Center researchers demonstrates that while new therapies to treat Hepatitis C Virus are highly effective, they are cost-effective and provide the greatest value in specific groups of HCV-infected patients.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Elissa Snook
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Neurophysiology
Carnegie Mellon researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons
To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used data mining to create, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological information about neurons. The site will help to accelerate the advance of neuroscience research by providing a centralized resource for collecting and comparing data on neuronal function.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health's Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Biological Psychiatry
Electroconvulsive therapy changes key areas of the human brain that play a role in memory, emotion
a team of UCLA researchers has shown for the first time in a large cohort of patients that electroconvulsive therapy, sometimes referred to as shock treatment, change certain areas of the brain that play a role in how people feel, learn and respond to positive and negative environmental factors.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
UofL researchers to examine asthma triggers in older adults
Understanding the personal and environmental influences of asthma in older adults is the focus of a $2.3 million National Institute on Aging grant awarded to Barbara Polivka, Ph.D., Shirley B. Powers Endowed Chair in Nursing, University of Louisville School of Nursing, and her interdisciplinary team.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Julie Heflin
University of Louisville

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Oxygen therapy in COPD patients is associated with burn injury
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving home oxygen have a higher risk of burn injury. This study was published on March 30 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
National Institutes of Health, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Low vitamin D linked to worse prognosis in type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
A new study found that people with lower vitamin D levels prior to treatment for follicular lymphoma succumb to the disease or face relapse earlier than patients with sufficient vitamin D levels in their blood.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lydia Fernandez
University of Rochester Medical Center

Showing releases 226-250 out of 3660.

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