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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3499.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Bipolar disorder discovery at the nano level
A nano-sized discovery by Northwestern Medicine scientists helps explain how bipolar disorder affects the brain and could one day lead to new drug therapies to treat the mental illness.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Marie Curie Outgoing Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Science Translational Medicine
A real-time tracking system developed to monitor dangerous bacteria inside the body
Combining a PET scanner with a new chemical tracer that selectively tags specific types of bacteria, Johns Hopkins researchers working with mice report they have devised a way to detect and monitor in real time infections with dangerous Gram-negative bacteria. These increasingly drug-resistant bacteria are responsible for a range of diseases, including fatal pneumonias and various bloodstream or solid-organ infections acquired in and outside the hospital.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard University Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Fast modeling of cancer mutations
A new genome-editing technique enables rapid analysis of genes mutated in tumors.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ludwig Center for Molecular Oncology at MIT, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Baby cries show evidence of cocaine exposure during pregnancy
A new study conducted by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers provides the first known evidence of how a similar acoustic characteristic in the cry sounds of human infants and rat pups may be used to detect the harmful effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on nervous system development.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Nano Letters
Sopping up proteins with thermosponges
A research team led by Brigham and Women's Hospital has developed and tested a novel nanoparticle platform that efficiently delivers clinically important proteins in vivo in initial proof-of-concept tests.
Program of Excellence in Nanotechnology, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, David Koch-Prostate Cancer Foundation

Contact: Nicole Davis
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
SF State awarded $17 million by NIH to enhance workforce diversity in biomedical research
SF State has been awarded $17.04 million to address issues of workforce diversity in biomedical research, the National Institutes of Health announced. The effort is called SF BUILD, which stands for Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity. Professors in biology, chemistry/biochemistry, psychology and other fields at SF State working on the project seek to upend presuppositions about members of minority communities -- that they may not have the aptitude or background to excel in the sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anthony Lazarus
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Current Biology
Researchers record sight neurons in jumping spider brain
For the first time, a team of interdisciplinary researchers have made recordings of neurons associated with visual perception inside the poppy seed-sized brain of a jumping spider using a hair-sized tungsten recording electrode.
National Institutes of Health, Tri-Institutional Training Program in Computational Biology and Medicine

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Quality of biopsy directly linked to survival in bladder cancer patients
UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that the quality of diagnostic staging using biopsy in patients with bladder cancer is directly linked with survival.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, STOP Cancer Foundation

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Human skin cells reprogrammed directly into brain cells
Scientists have described a way to convert human skin cells directly into a specific type of brain cell affected by Huntington's disease, an ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Unlike other techniques that turn one cell type into another, this new process does not pass through a stem cell phase, avoiding the production of multiple cell types, report researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Mallinckrodt Jr. Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineer

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
UNC scientists discover hidden subpopulation of melanoma cells
UNC researchers discover a subpopulation of melanoma cancer cells in blood vessels of tumors. These cells, which mimic non-cancerous endothelial cells that normally populate blood vessels, could provide researchers with another target for cancer therapies.
National Institutes of Health, University Cancer Research Fund at UNC-Chapel Hill

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Vaccination for nicotine addiction being developed with NIH grant
A Virginia Tech professor is working on a vaccine that could help smokers conquer their nicotine addiction, making many smoking-related diseases and deaths relics of the 21st century. Mike Zhang, a professor of biological systems engineering in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences was recently awarded $2.4 million by the National Institutes of Health to develop the vaccine and test it on mice.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zeke Barlow
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Journal of the American Heart Association
Trans fats still weighing Americans down
Americans are eating less trans and saturated fats than they were three decades ago, but they're still consuming these bad fats more than what's recommended for good cardiovascular health. Intake of healthy omega-3 fatty acid was steady over the last 30 years, but most people still don't get enough.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darcy Spitz
American Heart Association

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Osteoporosis screening guidelines miss many younger post-menopausal women
To reduce the risk of bone fractures and associated complications, the United States Preventive Services Task force recommends that postmenopausal women aged 50 to 64 get bone mineral density screenings if their 10-year probability of suffering a is 9.3 percent or greater. But a new study finds that the United States Preventive Services Task force strategy predicted only slightly more than one-fourth of the women who went on to experience major osteoporotic fractures within 10 years.
NIH/ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, University of California Los Angeles Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
New Horizons in Science 2014
Study shows how troubled marriage, depression history promote obesity
The double-whammy of marital hostility and a history of depression can increase the risk for obesity in adults by altering how the body processes high-fat foods, according to new research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jan Kiecolt-Glaser
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Detecting cancer earlier is goal of rutgers-developed medical imaging technology
A new medical imaging method being developed at Rutgers University could help physicians detect cancer and other diseases earlier than before, speeding treatment and reducing the need for invasive, time-consuming biopsies. The potentially lifesaving technique uses nanotechnology and shortwave infrared light to reveal small cancerous tumors and cardiovascular lesions deep inside the body.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Clot dissolver tPA's tardy twin could aid in stroke recovery
uPA appears to help brain cells recover from the injuries induced by loss of blood flow. Treating mice with uPA after an experimental stroke can improve their recovery of motor function, Emory researchers found.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New viral mutation made middle-aged adults more susceptible to last year's flu
A team of scientists, led by researchers at The Wistar Institute, has identified a possible explanation for why middle-aged adults were hit especially hard by the H1N1 influenza virus during the 2013-2014 influenza season. The findings, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, offer evidence that a new mutation in H1N1 viruses potentially led to more disease in these individuals.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Laura Feragen
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tarantula venom illuminates electrical activity in live cells
Researchers have created a cellular probe that combines a tarantula toxin with a fluorescent compound to help scientists observe electrical activity in neurons and other cells. This is the first time researchers have been able to visually observe these electrical signaling proteins turn on without genetic modification.
Milton L. Shifman Endowed Scholarship for the Neurobiology Course at Woods Hole, National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Carole F. Gan
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
PLOS Medicine
Large variation in cesarean rates across US hospitals
Katy Kozhimannil and colleagues S.V. Subramanian and Mariana Arcaya used the 2009 and 2010 US Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, a 20 percent sample of US hospitals, to study hospital variation in cesarean section rates.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
UCSF researchers identify key factor in transition from moderate to problem drinking
A team of UC San Francisco researchers has found that a tiny segment of genetic material known as a microRNA plays a central role in the transition from moderate drinking to binge drinking and other alcohol use disorders.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, State of California

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Hospitals converting to for-profit status show better financial health, no loss in quality
Switching from nonprofit to for-profit status appears to boost hospitals' financial health but does not appear to lower the quality of care they provide or reduce the proportion of poor or minority patients receiving care.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Once CD8 T cells take on one virus, they'll fight others too
CD8 T cells are known for becoming attuned to fight a specific pathogen ('adaptive immunity'), but a new study shows that in that process they also become first-responders that can fend off a variety of other invaders ('innate immunity'). The findings suggest that innate immunity changes with the body's experience and that the T cells are more versatile than thought.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
PLOS Biology
Flexibility in disease outbreak management could save lives and money
Research by a team of epidemiologists from the United Kingdom and the United States has proposed a new approach for responding to and managing disease outbreaks. They say lives and money could be saved if decisions are adapted to relevant information about the dynamics of the current crisis and not based on retrospective analyses of prior crises, trials and interventions.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Homeland Security, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Brooke
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Smoking interferes with neurocognitive recovery during abstinence from alcohol
Researchers know that alcohol-dependent individuals sustain neurocognitive impairment even after detoxification. A new study examines specific domains of cognitive recovery in conjunction with smoking status. Findings show that smoking status influenced the rate and level of neurocognitive recovery during eight months of abstinence in the ALC group.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Timothy C. Durazzo
415-221-4810 x4157
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region
Mexico is a nearby destination where younger US residents can legally drink heavily. However, high levels of drinking on the US side are not always linked to recent travel to Mexico. New findings show that higher levels of drinking among US-Mexico border youth are closely linked to their patterns of bar attendance, but not to how they think about drinking.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Britain A. Mills
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3499.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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