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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3574.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Demography
Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Brain
'Microlesions' in epilepsy discovered by novel technique
Using an innovative technique combining genetic analysis and mathematical modeling with some basic sleuthing, researchers have identified previously undescribed microlesions in brain tissue from epileptic patients. The millimeter-sized abnormalities may explain why areas of the brain that appear normal can produce severe seizures in many children and adults with epilepsy.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Sharon Parmet
sparmet@uic.edu
312-413-2695
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
eLife
New research unlocks a mystery of albinism
A team led by Brown University biologists has discovered the way in which a specific genetic mutation appears to lead to the lack of melanin production underlying a form of albinism.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
The Quarterly Review of Biology
What was the 'Paleo diet'? There was far more than one, study suggests
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, a weight-loss craze in which people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age, gives modern calorie-counters great freedom because those ancestral diets likely differed substantially over time and space, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Kent State University.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
New technology directly reprograms skin fibroblasts for a new role
Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes, the body's pigment-producing cells. The technique has immediate and important implications for developing new cell-based treatments for skin diseases such as vitiligo, as well as new screening strategies for melanoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Biotechnology
New method identifies genome-wide off-target cleavage sites of CRISPR-Cas nucleases
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a method of detecting, across the entire genome of human cells, unwanted DNA breaks induced by use of the popular gene-editing tools called CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nucleases.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Project Agency

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
PLOS Biology
The sense of smell uses fast dynamics to encode odors
Neuroscientists from the John B. Pierce Laboratory and Yale School of Medicine have discovered that mice can detect minute differences in the temporal dynamics of the olfactory system, according to research that will be published on Dec. 16 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Library of Medicine

Contact: PLOS Biology
biologypress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Yale researchers reveal Ebola virus spreads in social clusters
An analysis of the ongoing Ebola outbreak reveals that transmission of the virus occurs in social clusters, a finding that has ramifications for case reporting and the public health.
National Institutes of Health, Santa Fe Institute, Omidyar Group

Contact: Ziba Kashef
ziba.kashef@yale.edu
203-436-9317
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
JAMA
Healthy eaters: Ignore glycemic index
Good news for people who are already following a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and low in sweets: new research suggests these heart-healthy eaters don't need to worry about choosing low glycemic index foods to lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Center for Research Resources, National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9463
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Traffic stops and DUI arrests linked most closely to lower drinking and driving
American states got tough on impaired driving in the 1980s and 1990s, but restrictions have flat lined. A new study looks at associations between levels and types of law-enforcement efforts and prevalence of drinking and driving. The number of traffic stops and DUI arrests per capita had the most consistent and significant associations.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: James C. Fell, M.S.
fell@pire.org
301-755-2746
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Alcohol blackouts: Not a joke
The heaviest drinking and steepest trajectory of alcohol problems occur during the mid-teens to mid-20s. One common, adverse consequence is the alcohol-related blackout, reported by up to 50 percent of drinkers. However, there are few studies of the trajectories of ARBs over time during mid-adolescence. A new study of ARB trajectories between ages 15 and 19, along with predictors of those patterns, has found that certain adolescents with particular characteristics are more likely to drink to the point of blackouts.
UK Medical Research Council and Welcome Trust, University of Bristol, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Marc A. Schuckit
mschuckit@ucsd.edu
858-822-0880
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Density of alcohol outlets in rural areas depends on the town's average income
Alcohol outlets are concentrated in lower-income areas. Alcohol-related problems such as trauma, chronic disease, and suicide occur more frequently in areas with a greater density of alcohol outlets, and lower-income populations are exposed to increased risk. This study examines the distribution of rural outlets in the state of Victoria, Australia, finding towns had more outlets of all types where the average income was lower and where the average income in adjacent towns was higher.
Monash University, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Christopher Morrison
christopher.morrison@monash.edu
510-883-5775
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Pediatrics
E-cigarettes may recruit lower risk teens to nicotine use
A new study finds that one-third of Hawaiian adolescents have tried e-cigarettes, half of whom have never used another tobacco product. This is markedly higher rate than in the continental US. This raises the possibility that e-cigarettes are recruiting lower risk adolescents, who otherwise would be less susceptible to tobacco product use.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kirk Cassels
kirk.A.Cassels@Hitchcock.org
603-653-6177
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
University of Nevada, Reno and Renown Health announce partnership for brain fMRI research
University of Nevada, Reno neuroscientists are working with Renown Health to bring new research capabilities to northern Nevada. New functional MRI technology, purchased as part of a University's National Institutes of Health grant, studies human brain function and aims to understand how the brain works.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Natalie Savidge
nsavidge@unr.edu
775-784-4611
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Journal of Proteome Research
Non-gluten proteins identified as targets of immune response to wheat in celiac disease
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have found that, in addition to gluten, the immune systems of patients with celiac disease react to specific types of non-gluten protein in wheat. The results were reported online in the Journal of Proteome Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
lt2549@cumc.columbia.edu
212-305-3689
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Herceptin found to improve long-term survival of HER2-positive breast cancer patients
VCU Massey Cancer Center physician-researcher Charles E. Geyer, Jr., M.D., was the National Protocol Officer for one component of a large national study involving two National Cancer Institute-supported clinical trials that demonstrated that trastuzumab significantly improves the long-term survival of HER-2 positive breast cancer patients.
National Institutes of Health, National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Genentech

Contact: John Wallace
wallacej@vcu.edu
804-628-1550
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Long noncoding RNAs: A novel prognostic marker in older patients with acute leukemia
A new study shows that patterns of molecules called long noncoding RNAs might help doctors choose the least toxic, most effective treatment for many older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. AML occurs mainly in older patients and has a three-year survival rate of 5 to 15 percent.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Coleman Leukemia Research Foundation, Pelotonia Fellowship Program, Associazione Italiana Ricerca sul Cancro AIRC, Ministero della Istruzione Università e Ricerca

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
darrell.ward@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Psychological Science
Cake or carrots? Timing may decide what you'll nosh on
When you open the refrigerator for a late-night snack, are you more likely to grab a slice of chocolate cake or a bag of carrot sticks? Your ability to exercise self-control -- i.e., to settle for the carrots -- may depend upon just how quickly your brain factors healthfulness into a decision, according to a recent study by Caltech neuroeconomists.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Lipper Foundation

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Microbial-induced pathway promotes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation provides a link between molecular signaling pathways in the gut, the intestinal microbiome, and development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Pennsylvania Department of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
eLife
Proteins drive cancer cells to change states
A new study from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology implicates a family of RNA-binding proteins in the regulation of cancer, particularly in a subtype of breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Genes and Development
UTSW researchers identify a therapeutic strategy that may treat a childhood neurological disorder
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a possible therapy to treat neurofibromatosis type 1, a childhood neurological disease characterized by learning deficits and autism.
National Institutes of Health, Simons Foundation

Contact: Russell Rian
russell.rian@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Receptor may be key to treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Inhibiting a nuclear receptor in the gut could lead to a treatment for a liver disorder that affects almost 30 percent of the Western world's adult population, according to an international team of researchers.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Pennsylvania Department of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Signaling mechanism could be target for survival, growth of tumor cells in brain cancer
UT Southwestern Medical Center neurology researchers have identified an important cell signaling mechanism that plays an important role in brain cancer and may provide a new therapeutic target.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, William and Sylvia Zale Foundation, Ethel Silvergold Philanthropic Fund of the Dallas Jewish Community Foundation, Barbara F. Glick

Contact: Russell Rian
russell.rian@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
A novel tool to study life-threatening arrhythmias: A genetically engineered pig
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have developed the first large animal model of an inherited arrhythmic syndrome -- an advance that will lead to a better understanding of the biologic mechanisms important in normal heart conduction and rhythm. The novel pig model points the way toward development of better treatments for inherited forms of life-threatening arrhythmias, which are a significant cause of sudden cardiac death.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Allison Clair
allison.clair@nyumc.org
212-404-3753
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
AIDS and Behavior
Occasional heroin use may worsen HIV infection
Researchers at Yale and Boston University and their Russian collaborators have found that occasional heroin use by HIV-positive patients may be particularly harmful to the immune system and worsens HIV disease, compared to persistent or no heroin use. The findings are published in the journal AIDS and Behavior.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3574.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

     
   

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