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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
How cells in the developing ear 'practice' hearing
Before the fluid of the middle ear drains and sound waves penetrate for the first time, the inner ear cells of newborn rodents practice for their big debut. Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have figured out the molecular chain of events that enables the cells to make 'sounds' on their own, essentially 'practicing' their ability to process sounds in the world around them.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
Women with diabetes exposed to air pollution at higher risk for heart disease
Women with diabetes who are exposed to air pollution for long periods may have a much higher risk for heart disease.
National Institutes of Health and American Heart Association

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Cell Metabolism
Dietary restriction gives fruit flies a rhythm for a long life
Dietary restriction enhances the expression of the circadian clock genes in the peripheral tissue of fruit flies. Researchers at the Buck Institute show that dietary restriction, induced by reducing protein in the diet, increased the amplitude of circadian clocks and enhanced the cycles of fat breakdown and fat synthesis. This improvement in fat metabolism may be a key mechanism in explaining why dietary restriction extends lifespan in several species, including the flies in this study.
American Federation of Aging Research, Larry L. Hillblom Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Nature Immunology
Researchers discover how immune cells resist radiation treatment
Researchers at The Tisch Cancer Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have discovered a key mechanism by which radiation treatment (radiotherapy) fails to completely destroy tumors. And, in the journal Nature Immunology, they offer a novel solution to promote successful radiotherapy for the millions of cancer patients who are treated with it.
National Institutes of Health, American Medical Association, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lucia Lee
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Molecular Neuropsychiatry
Neurological underpinnings of schizophrenia just as complex as the disorder itself
Schizophrenia is notoriously difficult to diagnose and treat, in large part because it manifests differently in different people. A new study helps explain why. Researchers at UNC have created a map that shows how specific schizophrenia symptoms are linked to distinct brain circuits.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Chemical design made easier
Rice University scientists have developed a metal-free process for the rapid synthesis of elusive small-molecule catalysts that promise to speed the making of novel chemicals, including drugs.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Amgen

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
A heavy metal balancing act: Studying copper to help cells battle bacterial invaders
Copper is an essential micronutrient, but unless it is bound to proteins, it is also toxic to cells. With a $1.3 million award from the National Institutes of Health, researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute will conduct a systematic study of copper in the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a leading cause of hospital-associated infections, with the hope of discovering new drug targets that might allow cells in the body to use copper to battle bacterial invaders.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Cohen
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Reducing body temperature saves neurological functions in cardiac arrest patients
Survivors of cardiac arrest who remain in comas have better survival and neurological outcomes when their body temperatures are lowered, according to new research by Dr. Sarah Perman at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
American Journal of Epidemiology
PMS as an early marker for future high blood pressure risk
In the first prospective study to consider premenstrual syndrome (PMS) as a possible sentinel for future risk of hypertension, epidemiologist Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson and colleagues in the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Harvard School of Public Health report that women with moderate-to-severe PMS had a 40 percent higher risk of developing high blood pressure over the following 20 years compared to women experiencing few menstrual symptoms.
NIH's Office for Research on Women's Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Virginia Tech's Verbridge and Davalos describe novel tumor treatment in Scientific Reports
In the first published results from a $386,000 National Cancer Institute grant awarded earlier this year, a paper by Scott Verbridge and Rafael Davalos in Scientific Reports has been published, describing the researchers' work on developing a new type of treatment for glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and deadly malignant primary brain tumor.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Infertile worms resist infection-induced neurodegeneration
Mounting evidence points to a link between infections, the immune response, and neurodegenerative diseases. New findings from Duke appearing in the Journal of Biological Chemistry show that infection with pathogenic bacteria causes neurodegeneration in the worm C. elegans, creating neural changes that are hallmarks of illnesses like Alzheimer's disease in humans. The study also yielded a big surprise: sterile animals appeared to be protected from neurodegeneration.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
BMC Systems Biology
Tuberculosis: Daily antibiotics recommended to prevent resistant strains
A computer model of tuberculosis has shown that approved treatments prescribing antibiotic doses once or twice a week are more likely to lead to drug resistant strains than are daily antibiotic regimens.
National Institutes of Health, National Energy Research Computing Center, Open Science Grid, Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
University of Michigan

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Stem cell treatment mediates immune response to spinal cord injury in pre-clinical trials
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have demonstrated in lab animals that a family of therapeutic stem cells called multipotent adult progenitor cells lessen the consequences of the immune system's damaging second wave response and preserve function that would otherwise be lost. Their findings appear in the Nov. 19 edition of Scientific Reports, an online journal from the publishers of the journal Nature.
Ohio Third Frontier Grant, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, CWRU Council to Advance Human Health, Unite to Fight Paralysis, Spinal Cord Injury Sucks, United Paralysis Foundation

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify genes connecting endocrine disruption to genital malformations
University of Florida Health researchers have identified genes that are disrupted by abnormal hormone signaling at crucial points during development, a finding that may lead to a better understanding of how the most common male genital birth defects arise in humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Doug Bennett
University of Florida

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Plant Cell
Penn biologists characterize new form of mRNA regulation
In a new report in the journal Plant Cell, University of Pennsylvania biologists used material from both humans and plants to examine chemical modifications to messenger RNA, or mRNA, finding that the modifications appear to play a significant role in the process by which mRNAs either survive and become translated into protein or are targeted for degradation.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Vitamin D does not reduce colds in asthma patients
Vitamin D supplements do not reduce the number or severity of colds in asthma patients, according to a new study published online ahead of print publication in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Rory Williams
American Thoracic Society

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
New test may improve diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancers
Collecting blood samples from the portal vein can provide much more information about pancreatic cancer than taking blood from vein in the arm. Researchers found circulating tumors cells in 100 percent of 18 patients with suspected tumors in the pancreas and bile ducts. Standard samples detected tumors cells in only four patients.
National Institutes of Health, Rolfe Pancreatic Cancer Foundation, Harriet and Allan Wulfstat, Gerald O. Mann Charitable Foundation, LLK (Live Like Katie) Cholangiocarcinoma Foundation

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Fertility and Sterility
Study counters long-time practice of prescribing more fertility hormones
A Michigan State University study has found that too much of a hormone commonly used during in vitro fertility, or IVF, treatments actually decreases a woman's chances of having a baby.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Acta Neuropathologica
New protein biomarker identifies damaged brain wiring after concussion
A brain protein called SNTF, which rises in the blood after some concussions, signals the type of brain damage that is thought to be the source of these cognitive impairments.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, US Department of Defense

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Want to remember new names? Sleep on it
A new study by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital offers an additional reason to get a good night's sleep. In a closely controlled study of fourteen participants, researchers found that they were significantly better at remembering faces and names if they were given an opportunity to sleep for up to eight hours after seeing those faces and names for the first time.
National Institutes of Health, The Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center, NIH/National Center for Research Resources and National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Finnish Cultural Foundation, Emil Aaltonen Foundation, and others

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
Breastfeeding lowers risk of type 2 diabetes following gestational diabetes
Women with gestational diabetes who consistently and continuously breastfeed from the time of giving birth are half as likely to develop type 2 diabetes within two years after delivery, according to a study from Kaiser Permanente published today in Annals of Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Kaiser Permanente Community Benefit Program, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Heather Platisha
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Breast Cancer
Forecasting the path of breast cancer in a patient
USC researchers have developed a mathematical model to forecast metastatic breast cancer survival rates using techniques usually reserved for weather prediction, financial forecasting and surfing the Web.
NIH/National Cancer Institute Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers Transnetwork Grant

Contact: Zen Vuong
University of Southern California

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
TSRI scientists reveal potential treatment for life-threatening viral infections
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown for the first time how a previously unknown process works to promote infection in a number of dangerous viruses, including dengue, West Nile and Ebola.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Electric fields remove nanoparticles from blood with ease
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a new technology that uses an oscillating electric field to easily and quickly isolate drug-delivery nanoparticles from blood. The technology could serve as a general tool to separate and recover nanoparticles from other complex fluids for medical, environmental, and industrial applications.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Loneliness triggers cellular changes that can cause illness, study shows
Researchers have long known the serious dangers of loneliness, but the cellular mechanisms by which loneliness causes adverse health outcomes have not been well understood. Now, a team of researchers including UChicago psychologist and leading loneliness expert John Cacioppo has released a study shedding new light on how loneliness triggers physiological responses that can ultimately make us sick.
National Institutes of Health, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Susie Allen
University of Chicago

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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