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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3604.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Public Health Reports
UTMB study shows testosterone being prescribed when not medically needed
A new study by the University of Texas Medical Branch found that 20 percent of men were prescribed testosterone despite having normal testosterone levels based on the Endocrine Society's guidelines. The study also found that 39 percent of new testosterone users did not have a prostate cancer screening during the year before treatment and 56 percent were not screened during the year after starting treatment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Spouses of alcoholics can benefit from online help, study finds
Women married to men with alcohol abuse problems can face a slew of problems themselves, with finding support for their situation near the top of the list. Researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions found that women with alcoholic partners who face barriers to seeking help may benefit from an Internet-based, interactive support program.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol and Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Genetic risk linked to clinical benefit of statin therapy
Research has demonstrated that the risk for developing coronary heart disease depends on a host of risk factors that are related both to lifestyle and genetics. In a study from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and Massachusetts General Hospital, researchers tested whether a composite of genetic variants could identify the risk of cardiovascular death and heart attacks as well as identify individuals who derived greater clinical benefit from statin therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Haley Bridger
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Vanderbilt study shows poor heart function could be major risk for Alzheimer's disease
The Vanderbilt study, published online Feb. 19 in Circulation, associates heart function with the development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Participants with decreased heart function, measured by cardiac index, were two to three times more likely to develop significant memory loss over the follow-up period.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Carnegie Mellon neuroscientists identify new way several brain areas communicate
Carnegie Mellon University neuroscientists have identified a new pathway by which several brain areas communicate within the brain's striatum. Published in the Journal of Neuroscience, the findings illustrate structural and functional connections that allow the brain to use reinforcement learning to make spatial decisions. Knowing how these specific pathways work together provides crucial insight into how learning occurs. It also could lead to improved treatments for Parkinson's disease.
Pennsylvania Department of Health, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Twitter could bring better understanding of vaccine refusal patterns
Researchers will track vaccine refusal patterns using Twitter in a five-year, $1.5 million grant.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
George Washington University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Time to 'just say no' to behavior-calming drugs for Alzheimer patients? Experts say yes
Doctors write millions of prescriptions a year for drugs to calm the behavior of people with Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia. But non-drug approaches actually work better, and carry far fewer risks, experts conclude in a new report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
NIH awards $2.4 million for research into mechanisms of auditory information processing
Samuel Young, Jr., Ph.D., at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience has been awarded a $2.4 million, five-year grant from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders to investigate how synaptic vesicle activity modulates the transfer of auditory information and ultimately how this impacts our ability to discern sounds.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Jennifer Gutierrez
Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Scripps Florida scientists find a defect responsible for memory impairment in aging
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a mechanism that causes long-term memory loss due to age in Drosophila, the common fruit fly, a widely recognized substitute for human memory studies.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Study shows who benefits most from statins
New research suggests that widely used statin therapy provides the most benefit to patients with the highest genetic risk of heart attack. Using a relatively straightforward genetic analysis, the researchers assessed heart attack risk independently of traditional risk factors such as age, sex, so-called good and bad cholesterol levels, smoking history, family history and whether the patient has diabetes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Health Affairs
US spends more on cancer care, saves fewer lives than Western Europe
Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, Samir Soneji, Ph.D., of Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice has found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Psychiatric Services
Despite federal law, some insurance exchange plans offer unequal mental health coverage
One-quarter of the health plans being sold on health insurance exchanges set up through the Affordable Care Act offer benefits that appear to violate a federal law requiring equal benefits for general medical and mental health care, according to new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Sizing up cells: Study finds possible regulator of growth
Modern biology has attained deep knowledge of how cells work, but the mechanisms by which cellular structures assemble and grow to the right size largely remain a mystery. Now, Princeton University researchers may have found the key in a dynamic agglomeration of molecules inside cells.
National Institutes of Health, Searle Scholars Program, National Science Foundation, Damon Runyon Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
New UTHealth therapy targets PTSD, substance use disorders
A new cognitive behavioral therapy designed to treat both post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders is the focus of research at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School.
National Institutes of Health, UTHealth Clinical and Translational Sciences

Contact: Deborah Mann Lake
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New nanodevice defeats drug resistance
A nanodevice from MIT researchers can disable drug-resistance genes, then release cancer drugs.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Maternal health in India much worse than previously thought
More than 40 percent of women in India are underweight when they begin pregnancy, according to a new study published by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. On average, these women gain only 15 pounds throughout pregnancy -- just half of the recommended amount. The findings -- featured in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences -- are a concern as body mass and weight gain during pregnancy are important indicators of maternal health.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
BMC Medical Genomics
Genetic discovery may help determine effectiveness of Huntington's disease treatments
A new genetic discovery in the field of Huntington's disease (HD) could mean a more effective way in determining severity of this neurological disease when using specific treatments. This study may provide insight for treatments that would be effective in slowing down or postponing the death of neurons for people who carry the HD gene mutation, but who do not yet show symptoms of the disease.
Jerry McDonald Huntington Disease Research Fund, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Respiratory Research
Researchers identify genes responsible for lung tumors
The lung transcription factor Nkx2-1 is an important gene regulating lung formation and normal respiratory functions after birth. Alterations in the expression of this transcription factor can lead to diseases such as lung interstitial disease, post-natal respiratory distress and lung cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
Fighting a worm with its own genome
Tiny parasitic hookworms infect nearly half a billion people worldwide -- almost exclusively in developing countries -- causing health problems ranging from gastrointestinal issues to cognitive impairment and stunted growth in children. By sequencing and analyzing the genome of one particular hookworm species, Caltech researchers have uncovered new information that could aid the fight against these parasites. The results of their work were published online in the March 2 issue of the journal Nature Genetics.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Lycopene may ward off kidney cancer in older women
A higher intake by postmenopausal women of the natural antioxidant lycopene, found in foods like tomatoes, watermelon and papaya, may lower the risk of renal cell carcinoma, a type of kidney cancer.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Unlocking the key to immunological memory in bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful. Berkeley Lab researchers have unlocked the key to how bacteria are able to 'steal' genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological memory system.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Anxious people more apt to make bad decisions amid uncertainty
Highly anxious people have more trouble deciding how best to handle life's uncertainties. They may even catastrophize, interpreting, say, a lover's tiff as a doomed relationship or a workplace change as a career threat. Investigating this dynamic, scientists have found evidence of a glitch in the brain's higher-order decision-making circuitry that could eventually be targeted in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
American Journal of Nursing
New care model enhances psychological, cognitive and physical recovery of ICU survivors
The Critical Care Recovery Center care model -- the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors -- decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University schools of medicine and nursing.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Eskenazi Health

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
Genetically speaking, mammals are more like their fathers
You might resemble or act more like your mother, but a novel research study from UNC School of Medicine researchers reveals that mammals are genetically more like their dads. Specifically, the research shows that although we inherit equal amounts of genetic mutations from our parents -- the mutations that make us who we are and not some other person -- we actually 'use' more of the DNA that we inherit from our dads.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
NYU study identifies teens at-risk for synthetic marijuana use
A new NYU study is one of the first national studies to examine risk factors for use of synthetic marijuana among a large, nationally representative sample of teens.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3604.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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