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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3520.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Affordable Care Act Medicare payment reforms improve patient experiences
Patients enrolled in Accountable Care Organizations reported improved experiences with care compared to the overall Medicare population.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, John and Laura Arnold Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Beeson Career Development Program

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Scripps Research Institute scientists make enzyme that could help explain origins of life
Mimicking natural evolution in a test tube, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised an enzyme with a unique property that might have been crucial to the origin of life on Earth. Aside from illuminating one possible path for life's beginnings, the achievement is likely to yield a powerful tool for evolving new and useful molecules.
NASA, The Simons Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Molecular map reveals genetic origins of 21 autoimmune diseases
Scientists have created a molecular map that pinpoints genetic variants that play a role in 21 different autoimmune diseases, they report Oct. 29 in the journal Nature.
National Institutes of Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Four years in, payment model lowers medical spending, improves care
Enrollees in a Massachusetts global budget health care plan had smaller increases in medical spending and larger increases in quality of care over the first four years of the contract when compared to similar individuals in other states.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research Fellowship in Aging and Health Economics, Charles H. Hood Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Contamination likely explains 'food genes in blood' claim
Laboratory contaminants likely explain the results of a recent study claiming that complete genes can pass from foods we eat into our blood, according to a University of Michigan molecular biologist who re-examined data from the controversial research paper.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Autism after high school: Making the transition
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded a grant to University of Kentucky College of Education Professor Lisa Ruble and a team of co-investigators to find ways to help reduce or eliminate the disconnect from needed services that often occurs when students with autism complete school.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jenny Wells
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Genome sequenced of enterovirus D68 circulating in St. Louis
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have sequenced the genome of enterovirus D68 sampled from patients treated at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Nationwide, the virus has spread rapidly in recent months and caused severe respiratory illness in young children, with some patients requiring hospitalization.
National Institutes of Health, Alan A. and Edith L. Wolff Distinguished Professorship at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Animal study suggests heavy drinking in adolescence associated with lasting brain changes
Heavy drinking during adolescence may lead to structural changes in the brain and memory deficits that persist into adulthood, according to an animal study published October 29 in The Journal of Neuroscience. The study found that, even as adults, rats given daily access to alcohol during adolescence had reduced levels of myelin -- the fatty coating on nerve fibers that accelerates the transmission of electrical signals between neurons.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Emily Ortman
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Adolescent binge drinking reduces brain myelin, impairs cognitive and behavioral control
Binge drinking can have lasting effects on brain pathways that are still developing during adolescence, say neuroscience researcher Heather N. Richardson and her colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Louisiana State University. Results of their study using a rodent model of adolescent drinking appear in the Oct. 29 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience,
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
New study will track factors in early menopause
The estimated 10 percent of women in Western nations who enter menopause before age 45 have an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease, as well as lower fertility. Now epidemiologist Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is conducting the first large study to investigate whether vitamin D deficiency, inflammatory factors, hormones and other factors are associated with risk of early menopause, funded by the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UC Davis scientists discover exact receptor for DEET that repels mosquitoes
The odorant receptor that makes DEET repellant to mosquitoes has been identified by a research team led by the University of California, Davis.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Pat Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Grant awarded for device to detect newborn heart problems
A grant was awarded for a device to detect heart abnormalities in newborns.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
American Journal of Gastroenterology
IU researchers: Blood test may help to diagnose pancreatic cancer
Indiana University cancer researchers have found that a simple blood test might help diagnose pancreatic cancer, one of the most deadly forms of the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Schug
Indiana University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study
National Institute of Health announced awards to expand the Office of Rare Diseases Research part of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences collaborative Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network. Through the network, physician scientists at 22 consortia will work with 98 patient advocacy groups to advance clinical research and investigate new treatments for patients with rare diseases. The collaborations are made possible by $29 million in fiscal 2014 funding from NIH.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Kaminsky
International Rett Syndrome Foundation

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nucleic Acids Research
Technique uses bacteria's own CRISPR-Cas system to turn off gene
Researchers have developed a technique that co-opts an immune system already present in bacteria and archaea to turn off specific genes or sets of genes -- creating a powerful tool for future research on genetics and related fields.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
HIV Research for Prevention (HIV R4P) Conference
New results from VOICE associates tenofovir gel use with lower HSV-2 risk in women
The risk of acquiring herpes simplex virus type 2 was reduced by half among women in the VOICE trial who used a vaginal gel containing the antiretroviral drug tenofovir regularly, according to researchers from the Microbicide Trials Network who conducted the study. The findings provide additional evidence that tenofovir gel, a product developed to protect against HIV, could potentially help prevent one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections affecting women in sub-Saharan Africa.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Rossi
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Compensation and punishment: 'Justice' depends on whether or not we're a victim
We're more likely to punish wrongdoing as a third party to a non-violent offense than when we're victimized by it, according to a new study by New York University psychology researchers. The findings may offer insights into how juries differ from plaintiffs in seeking to restore justice.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Social host laws tied to less underage drinking
Teenagers who live in communities with strict 'social host' laws are less likely to spend their weekends drinking at parties, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Mallie J. Paschall
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Screening with tomosynthesis and mammography is cost-effective
Adding tomosynthesis to biennial digital mammography screening for women with dense breasts is likely to improve breast cancer detection at a reasonable cost relative to biennial mammography screening alone, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat linked with lower risk of heart disease
People who swap 5 percent of the calories they consume from saturated fat sources such as red meat and butter with foods containing linoleic acid -- the main polyunsaturated fat found in vegetable oil, nuts, and seeds -- lowered their risk of coronary heart disease events by 9 percent and their risk of death from CHD by 13 percent, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Wayne State research may develop next generation of vaccines against autoimmune diseas
A major barrier to treating autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes is the lack of methods to deliver the therapeutics to specific sites such as the lymph nodes. A researcher in Wayne State University's College of Engineering is working to address this issue with a recently awarded a $475,752 grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
UH research focuses on suicide resilience and vulnerability
Religious beliefs and practices may reduce thoughts of suicide among African-American adults in stressful life events induced by racial discrimination, according to a new research study conducted at the University of Houston.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Melissa Carroll
University of Houston

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Delivering a 1-2 punch: New drug combination shows promise in treating breast cancer
The uncontrolled growth of cancer cells arises from their ability to hijack the cell's normal growth program and checkpoints. Usually after therapy, a second cancer-signaling pathway opens after the primary one shuts down -- creating an escape route for the cancer cell to survive. The answer, say Case Western Reserve researchers, is to anticipate and block that back-up track by prescribing two drugs. The results of the project appeared this fall in the journal Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Analytical Methods
Prostate cancer, kidney disease detected in urine samples on the spot
New device screens for kidney disease, prostate cancer on the spot. The tiny tube is lined with DNA sequences that latch onto disease markers in urine. While healthy samples flow freely, a diseased sample gets clogged and stops short of the mark.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joe Hadfield
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
ISRN Stroke
Study finds knowledge poor about stroke in Uganda
A study published in the journal International Scholarly Research Notices Stroke found that overall knowledge about stroke in Uganda was poor, although knowing what to do for a stroke -- go to the hospital -- was good. The researchers surveyed 1,600 residents, and found that three-quarters did not know any stroke risk factors and warning signs, or recognize the brain as the organ affected.
Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator, National Institutes of Health, Health Resources and Services Administration

Contact: George Stamatis
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3520.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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