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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3675.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Nature Genetics
UTHealth researchers use 'knockout humans' to connect genes to disease risk
Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston are helping to make precision medicine a reality by sequencing entire exomes of people to assess chronic disease risk and drug efficacy. The results of a study on this topic were published in Nature Genetics on Monday.
NIH/National Heart, Lunch and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Rhodes
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Novel approach blocks amyloid production in Alzheimer's mouse model
Offering a potential early intervention for Alzheimer's disease, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Cenna Biosciences, Inc. have identified compounds that block the production of beta amyloid peptides in mice. The study is reported April 29 in PLOS ONE.
National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Toxic combination of air pollution and poverty lowers child IQ
Children born to mothers experiencing economic hardship, who were also exposed during pregnancy to high levels of PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), scored significantly lower on IQ tests at age 5 compared with children born to mothers with greater economic security and less exposure to the pollutants. The findings by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at the Mailman School of Public Health appear in the journal Neurotoxicology and Teratology.
NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, John and Wendy Neu Family, Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Foundations, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Neuroimage: Clinical
Your brain on drugs: Functional differences in brain communication in cocaine users
The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted and often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new scientific study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Lieber Institute for Brain Development shares grant to study origins of schizophrenia
Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D., CEO at LIBD explains that 'this type of collaborative research support is fundamental... We must bring together the best minds to bear on the incredibly complex questions in psychiatric illness -- how they come to be and how we get people better. I am particularly grateful for the opportunity to work again with friends Drs. Fred Gage and John Moran, and look forward to the important work our teams will carry out.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Wells
Lieber Institute for Brain Development

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Urine profiles provide clues to how obesity causes disease
Scientists have identified chemical markers in urine associated with body mass, providing insights into how obesity causes disease.
Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Improved sanitation may reduce sexual violence in South African townships
Improving access to public toilets in South African urban settlements may reduce both the incidence of sexual assaults by nearly 30 percent and the overall cost to society, a study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health and Yale School of Management found.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Michael Greenwood
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Science Translational Medicine
New study shows how babies' lives were saved by 3-D printing
Study reports outcomes for three boys who became the first in the world to benefit from groundbreaking 3-D printed devices that saved their lives at U-M's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
Low health literacy linked to heart failure deaths after hospitalization
Acute heart failure patients are more likely to die within two years of hospitalization if they have trouble understanding and using health information. Living with heart failure can be complex, so patients need to let their healthcare providers know if they don't understand their instructions.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Combined chemotherapy and immunotherapy shows promise for advanced prostate cancers
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that blocking or removing immune-suppressing cells allows a special type of chemotherapy -- and the immune cells it activates -- to destroy prostate tumors. This novel combination therapy, termed chemoimmunotherapy, achieved near complete remission in mouse models of advanced prostate cancer. The study is published April 29 in Nature.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, German Research Foundation, Genome Research-Austria and Cancer Research Institute

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2015
LVADs may lead to declines in health, cognitive thinking in some heart failure patients
Left ventricular assist devices are life-prolonging devices for patients with advanced heart failure but they also may leave some patients in poor health with declines in brain function. Risk factors for cognitive decline included older age and having devices placed as permanent therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Michael Burton
American Heart Association

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2015
Traumatic events, financial struggles may threaten women's heart health
Traumatic life events such as losing a child or a spouse increased the chances of a heart attack by more than 65 percent among middle-aged and older women regardless of heart disease risk factors or socioeconomic status. A history of financial struggle was associated with a two-fold higher risk for heart attack among middle-aged and elderly women.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Michael Burton
American Heart Association

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Scientists uncover surprising new details of potential Alzheimer's treatment
Taking a new approach, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have uncovered some surprising details of a group of compounds that have shown significant potential in stimulating the growth of brain cells and memory restoration in animal models that mimic Alzheimer's disease.
Abuse, NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, and Repligen Corporation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Children with ADHD at risk for binge eating, study shows
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, are significantly more likely to have an eating disorder -- a loss of control eating syndrome (LOC-ES) -- akin to binge eating, a condition more generally diagnosed only in adults, according to results of a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Joslin research finds gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits
A small clinical trial among such patients led by Joslin Diabetes Center and Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers now has shown that two approaches -- adjustable gastric band surgery and an intensive group-based medical diabetes and weight management program -- achieved similar improvements in controlling blood sugar levels after one year.
NIH/National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Covidien, Lifescan, Nestlé Medical Nutrition, Novo Nordisk

Contact: Jeff Bright
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Weighing -- and imaging -- molecules one at a time
Building on their creation of the first-ever mechanical device that can measure the mass of individual molecules, one at a time, a team of Caltech scientists and their colleagues have created nanodevices that can also reveal their shape.
National Institutes of Health, Caltech Kavli Nanoscience Institute Distinguished Visiting Professorship, the Fondation pour la Recherche et l'Enseignement Superieur in Paris, Australian Research Council

Contact: Brian Bell
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Neuroimage: Clinical
Research shows brain differences in children with dyslexia and dysgraphia
The study is among the first to identify structural brain differences between children with the two learning disabilities and between those children and typical language learners. Researchers say the findings prove that using a single category of learning disability to qualify children for special education services is not scientifically supported.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
New study links drinking behaviors with mortality
A new University of Colorado Boulder study involving some 40,000 people indicates that social and psychological problems caused by drinking generally trump physically hazardous drinking behaviors when it comes to overall mortality rates.
University of Colorado Population Center, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Richard Rogers
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Liver Transplantation
Living liver donors report lower sexual function in early months post-surgery
A new study found that sexual function in adult living donors was lower at the evaluation phase and at three months following liver transplantation. Results published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, suggest that donor education prior to surgery may improve recovery and ease concerns about sexual function following the transplant.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases, Health Resources and Services Administration,American Society of Transplant Surgeons

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Church-based diabetes education program leads to healthier lifestyles among Latino adults
Latino adults with diabetes who participated in a church-based education program reported eating less high-fat food and exercising more following a trial intervention program run by researchers from University of Chicago's Department of Medicine.
University of Chicago Clinical and Translational Science Award, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Diabetes Research and Training Center, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
PLOS Medicine
Wound healing, viral suppression linked to less HIV shedding from circumcision wounds
The likelihood of viral shedding from male circumcision wounds intially increases, then decreases as the wounds heal, and is lower in patients with lower plasma viral load, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Aaron Tobian, of Johns Hopkins University and the Rakai Health Sciences Program and colleagues, monitored 223 HIV-infected men for wound healing and viral shedding from their surgical wounds for 12 weeks following voluntary medical male circumcision.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: Hugh O'Brien

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Two-week international diet swap shows potential effects of food on colon cancer risk
African-Americans and Africans who swapped their typical diets for just two weeks similarly exchanged their respective risks of colon cancer as reflected by alterations of their gut bacteria, according to an international study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine published online in Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Health Research Imperial Biomedical Research Centre

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Environmental Health Perspectives
Beijing Olympics study links pollution to lower birth weight
Exposure to high levels of pollution can have a significant impact on fetal growth and development, that is the conclusion of research appearing today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. The study found women who were pregnant during the 2008 Beijing Olympics, when pollution levels were reduced by the Chinese government, gave birth to children with higher birth weights compared to those who were pregnant before and after the games.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Mark Michaud
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
History of breastfeeding associated with reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence
Women diagnosed with breast cancer who previously breastfed their babies had a 30 percent overall decreased risk of the disease recurring, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. In addition, researchers found that the protective effect of breastfeeding was more pronounced for tumors of particular genetic subtypes, including the most commonly diagnosed of all breast cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Institute

Contact: Susan Saito
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Emergency department treatment for opioid addiction better than referrals
Yale researchers conducted the first known randomized trial comparing three treatment strategies for opioid-dependent patients receiving emergency care. They found that patients given the medication buprenorphine were more likely to engage in addiction treatment and reduce their illicit opioid use.
NIH/National Institutes on Drug Abuse

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 3675.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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