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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3750.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
Health Affairs
Physician waivers to prescribe buprenorphine increases potential access to treatment
In the past, many people living in rural counties have had no practical way to get treatment for opioid addiction. This study shows that the increased number and geographic distribution of physicians obtaining waivers to prescribe buprenorphine has widened potential access to effective treatment for those with addiction to heroin or prescription painkillers.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Kirsten Holguin
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
European Journal of Neuroscience
WSU Spokane researchers isolate smallest unit of sleep to date
Washington State University Spokane scientists have grown a tiny group of brain cells that can be induced to fall asleep, wake up and even show rebound sleep after 'staying up late.' The study -- the first to document that sleep originates in small neural networks -- opens the door to deeper understanding of the genetic, molecular and electrical aspects underlying sleep disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, National Science Foundation

Contact: James M. Krueger
Washington State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Clinicians reluctant to prescribe medication that counteracts effects of opioid overdose
A variety of factors including questions about risk and reluctance to offend patients limits clinician willingness to prescribe a potentially life-saving medication that counteracts the effects of an opioid overdose, according to a Kaiser Permanente Colorado study published today in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Navneet Miller
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
How a gut feeling for infection programs our immune response
An unexpected finding by an international team of scientists based at The University of Manchester and National Institutes of Health in America has shed new light on how immune cells are programmed to either repair or protect the body.
Wellcome Trust, The Royal Society, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Morwenna Grills
University of Manchester

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Been there? Done that? If you are sure, thank your 'memory cells'
The witness on the stand says he saw the accused at the scene of the crime. Is he sure? How sure? The jury's verdict could hinge on that level of certainty. Many decisions we make every day are influenced by our memories and the confidence we have in them. But very little is known about how we decide whether we can trust a memory or not. A new Cedars-Sinai study provides some of the answers.
The Cedars-Sinai Department of Neurosurgery, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health Conte Center at Caltech, Pfeiffer Research Foundation

Contact: Sandy Van
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Researchers identify unique marker on mom's chromosomes in early embryo
Researchers in the University of Georgia's Regenerative Bioscience Center are visually capturing the first process of chromosome alignment and separation at the beginning of mouse development. The findings could lead to answers to questions concerning the mechanisms leading to birth defects and chromosome instability in cancer cells. 'We've generated a model that is unique in the world,' said Rabindranath De La Fuente, an associate professor in the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Georgia Cancer Coalition, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Charlene Betourney
University of Georgia

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Chimpanzees may know when they are right and move to prove it
Chimpanzees are capable of metacognition, or thinking about one's own thinking, and can adjust their behavior accordingly, researchers at Georgia State University, Agnes Scott College, Wofford College and the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York have discovered.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Anti-rejection medications for transplant recipients protect against Alzheimer's disease
A new study from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has revealed that a treatment taken daily by people who have had organ transplants to prevent organ rejection protects against Alzheimer's disease. An early online version of this paper detailing the findings has been published and is scheduled for publication in the July 7 issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.
National Institutes of Health, UTMB Mitchell Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Nature Communications
Bacterial sepsis protein may inhibit cancer cell growth
A toxin secreted by Vibrio vulnificus, a water and food-borne bacteria that can cause rapidly lethal infections in persons with liver disease, has potential to prevent the growth of tumors.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Cell Metabolism
Researchers boost body's inflammation-reduction mechanism to combat obesity-fueled disease
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and University College Dublin (UCD) have found that augmenting a naturally occurring molecule in the body can help protect against obesity-related diseases by reducing inflammation in the fat tissues.
Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship, Science Foundation Ireland, NIDDK Diabetic Complications Consortium, Veteran's Administration Merit Grant, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Ward
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Psychological Science
New study sheds light on life satisfaction and mortality risk in older adults
In a study just published by researchers at Chapman University, findings showed that greater life satisfaction in adults older than 50 years of age is related to a reduced risk of mortality. The researchers also found that variability in life satisfaction across time increases risk of mortality, but only among less satisfied people. The study involved nearly 4,500 participants who were followed for up to nine years.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, NIH/ National Institute on Aging

Contact: Sheri Ledbetter
Chapman University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists show antitumor agent can be activated by natural response to cell stress
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have found that a drug candidate with anticancer potential can be activated by one of the body's natural responses to cellular stress. Once activated, the agent can kill prostate cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of American Chemical Society
Putting 2 and 2 together
Researchers at Princeton have developed a cobalt-catalyzed [2π+2π] reaction that may give unprecedented access to cyclobutanes, four-membered ring-containing molecules. Previous [2π+2π] reactions, so named for their carbon-carbon double bond starting materials called alkenes, have been limited in scope, leaving many cyclobutane compounds out of reach, along with any potentially beneficial properties.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Antibiotic use can be cut dramatically for abdominal infections, major trial shows
In a finding important for preventing the development of antibiotic-resistant superbugs, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine and 22 other institutions have determined that the duration of antibiotic treatment for complicated abdominal infections can be cut by half and remain equally effective.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
SLEEP 2015
Study links severe restless legs syndrome to increased risk of stroke
A new study suggests that increased restless legs syndrome severity is associated with subsequent increased risk of stroke.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Data scientists find connections between birth month and health
Columbia University scientists have developed a computational method to investigate the relationship between birth month and disease risk. The researchers used this algorithm to examine New York City medical databases and found 55 diseases that correlated with the season of birth.
National Institutes of Health, The National Library of Medicine

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Certain donors with high T cell counts make better match for stem-cell transplant patients
Older patients who received stem cells from younger, unrelated donors with higher numbers of so-called killer T cells (CD8 cells) had significantly reduced risk of disease relapse and improved survival compared to those who received stem-cells from donors with low numbers of CD8 cells, including older matched siblings.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Conquer Cancer Foundation, The National Marrow Donor Program, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania/CURE Grant

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Star-shaped cells help blood vessels in the brain keep a grip on a healthy tone
A star-shaped brain cell called an astrocyte appears to help keep blood pressure and blood flow inside the brain on a healthy, even keel, scientists report.
National Institutes of Health, and American Heart Association

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Experimental Psychology
Psychology researchers report a major discovery of harmony amid chaos
Natural delays in the human nervous system can actually enhance anticipation when coordinating with another person's unpredictable behaviors.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Electroporation delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 system improves efficiency and throughput
Jackson Laboratory researchers have shown that using an electric current to deliver the CRISPR/Cas9 system, in order to engineer genetic changes in laboratory mice, is highly efficient and significantly improves the system's throughput over the microinjection technique.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, The Jackson Laboratory, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Joyce Peterson
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Malaria Journal
Modern housing reduces malaria risk
As mosquitoes become resistant to insecticides and malaria parasites become resistant to drugs, researchers looked at how making changes to houses might contribute to tackling the deadly disease. They revealed that people living in modern homes were 47 percent less likely to be infected with malaria than those living in traditional houses, which suggests that housing is an important risk factor for malaria.
Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research in Agriculture and Health, National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development, Medical Research Council, Department for International Development

Contact: Katie Steels
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Early attention to quality of life reduces hospital costs for advanced cancer patients
Earlier introduction of palliative care for patients hospitalized with advanced cancer is associated with lower hospital costs, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for Nursing Research

Contact: Lauren Rankin
Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC)

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists identify new drug target to treat ALS
Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes and the University of Michigan have identified a cellular mechanism that can be targeted to treat ALS. The researchers revealed that increasing levels of a certain key protein successfully protected against cell death in both genetic and sporadic versions of the disease. What's more, treating this pathway may also have implications for frontotemporal dementia because many of the same proteins are involved.
NIH/National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Robert Packard Center for ALS Research, Target ALS, Roddenberry Stem Cell Program, Koret/Taube Center for Neurodegenerative Disease, Protein Folding Diseases Initiative at the University of Mic

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Health Affairs
Who your doctor is could dictate how you're cared for at end of life
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital indicates that the individual physician a patient sees is the strongest known predictor of whether or not he or she will enroll in hospice care, outweighing other known drivers such as geographic location, patient age, race and comorbidities.
National Institutes of Health Common Fund

Contact: Lori J. Schroth
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Depletion of naive T cells from stem cell grafts limits chronic graft-versus host disease
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation evaluates GVHD in a small set of patients with leukemia that received stem cell grafts that had been depleted of naive T cells prior to transplantation.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, Damon Runyon Cancer Research, Richard Lumsden Foundations, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3750.

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