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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3512.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Mark Andermann, Ph.D., receives NIH New Innovator Award to study cravings and hunger
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center neuroendocrinologist Mark Andermann, Ph.D., has been awarded a prestigious Director's New Innovator Award from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders and the NIH Common Fund to study how hunger drives cravings.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Cell Reports
Survival molecule helps cancer cells hide from the immune system
A new study shows that the molecule nuclear factor kappa B helps tumors grow by inhibiting the body's ability to detect cancer cells. The molecule suppresses immune surveillance mechanisms, including the production of cells that inhibit immune responses. The research suggests that cancer immune therapy might be improved if combined with NF-kB inhibitors, and it provides new details about interactions between cancer cells and non-cancer cells that assist tumor growth.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
darrell.ward@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
New at-risk group identified for gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have, for the first time, clearly defined the epidemiology of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, which occur primarily in the lining of the stomach and small intestine. One key finding: patients of Asian descent, who have not previously been identified as an at-risk population, are 1.5 times more likely than other patient groups to be diagnosed with this type of tumor.
National Institutes of Health, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Research Fund

Contact: Jackie Carr
jcarr@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
JAMA
H7N9 flu vaccine study shows adjuvant is essential for effective immune response
A clinical trial of an experimental H7N9 avian influenza vaccine found an immune response believed to be protective in 59 percent of study participants who received two injections of inactivated vaccine at the lowest dosage tested when mixed with an adjuvant. Without the adjuvant, there was a minimal immune response.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Holly Korschun
hkorsch@emory.edu
404-727-3990
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
State policies can influence access to heroin treatment, study finds
Abuse of heroin and prescription opioid drugs is growing rapidly, creating a need for more treatment options. A new study finds that state policies can influence the number of physicians licensed to prescribe buprenorphine, a drug that can treat addiction to heroin and other opioids in outpatient settings.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Warren Robak
robak@rand.org
310-451-6913
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Cognitive Development
Toddlers regulate behavior to avoid making adults angry
Researchers at the University of Washington have found that children as young as 15 months can detect anger when watching other people's social interactions and then use that emotional information to guide their own behavior.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-221-1684
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Study: Stroke-fighting drug offers potential treatment for traumatic brain injury
The only drug currently approved for treatment of stroke's crippling effects shows promise, when administered as a nasal spray, to help heal similar damage in less severe forms of traumatic brain injury. In the first examination of its kind, researchers found in animal studies that the brain's limited ability to repair itself after trauma can be enhanced when treated with the drug tPA, or tissue plasminogen activator.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Dwight Angell
dwight.angell@hfhs.org
313-876-8709
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Working memory hinders learning in schizophrenia
Trouble with working memory makes a distinct contribution to the difficulty people with schizophrenia sometimes have in learning, according to a new study. The researchers employed a specially designed experiment and computational models to distinguish the roles of working memory and reinforcement learning.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
JAMA
Researchers find link between tobacco use and viral infection that causes oral cancers
Johns Hopkins scientists have shown a strong association between tobacco use or exposure and infection with oral human papillomavirus type 16, the sexually transmitted virus responsible for mouth and throat cancers worldwide. The numbers of such cancers have increased 225 percent in the United States over the past two decades.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Milton J. Dance Jr. Head and Neck Center at Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Merck

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Cell Metabolism
Live and let-7: MicroRNA plays surprising role in cell survival
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a microRNA molecule as a surprisingly crucial player in managing cell survival and growth. The findings, published in the Oct. 7 issue of Cell Metabolism, underscore the emerging recognition that non-coding RNAs -- small molecules that are not translated into working proteins -- help regulate basic cellular processes and may be key to developing new drugs and therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
PLOS Biology
How female flies know when to say 'yes'
A fundamental question in neurobiology is how animals, including humans, make decisions. A new study publishing in PLOS Biology on Oct. 7 reveals how fruit fly females make a very important decision: to either accept or reject male courtship. This decision appears to be generated by a very small number of excitatory neurons that use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter located in three brain regions. This study provides the framework to understand how decisions are generated.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: PLOS Biology
biologypress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
JAMA
JAMA findings reveal vaccine approach to fight pandemic bird flu
A Saint Louis University study in JAMA reveals a vaccination strategy researchers can continue to study to protect people from bird flu that has the potential to become epidemic.
NIH/National Insitite of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nancy Solomon
solomonn@slu.edu
314-977-8017
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
A new pathway discovered regulating autoimmune diseases
Researchers found that NAD+, a natural molecule found in living cells, plants and food protects against autoimmune diseases by altering the immune response and turning 'destructive' cells into 'protective' cells.
National Institutes of Health, Slim Foundation

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
mmontemayor-quellenberg@partners.org
617-525-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Asthma risk varies with ethnic ancestry among Latinos, UCSF team finds
Native-American ancestry is associated with a lower asthma risk, but African ancestry is associated with a higher risk, according to the largest-ever study of how genetic variation influences asthma risk in Latinos, in whom both African- and Native-American ancestry is common.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
jeffrey.norris@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Program to reduce hospital readmissions doesn't have impact
Researchers at UC San Francisco have found that a nurse-led intervention program designed to reduce readmissions among ethnically and linguistically diverse older patients did not improve 30-day hospital readmission rates.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott Maier
scott.maier@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Case Western Reserve scientist captures prestigious NIH director's New Innovator Award
For the second consecutive year, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has landed one of the year's much-coveted Director's New Innovator Awards from the National Institutes of Health. Principal investigator Rong Xu, Ph.D., assistant professor of medical informatics, will receive $2,377,000 for five years, starting immediately, to initiate computational analysis of thousands of drugs and their effects.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
High-sugar diet no problem for genetic mutants
Scientists find a genetic pathway for circumventing the weight gain that accompanies a high-sugar diet.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, American Federation of Aging Research

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation awarded NIH grant for cancer rehabilitation research
Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation has been awarded an NIH grant for $1,962,767 to study the impact of high-effort training on the muscle weakness that impairs quality life for individuals with cancer. Dr. Yue is the Foundation's director of Human Performance & Engineering Research. This five-year RO1 grant will enable him to pursue his preliminary findings that indicate that high-effort combined with low-intensity muscle exercise training can significantly improve muscle strength in women with breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carolann Murphy
cmurphy@kesslerfoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
UCI stem cell scientist wins coveted NIH New Innovator Award
UC Irvine scientist Weian Zhao will receive a prestigious National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Award to further his efforts to create stem cell-based detection methods and treatments for cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Nature Scientific Reports
UT Arlington researchers demonstrate direct fluid flow influences neuron growth
Nature Scientific Reports has published a new report from UT Arlington scientists that describes using flow from a microtube to turn axonal growth cones that connect neurons.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Sleep
Penn Medicine study finds tongue fat and size may predict sleep apnea in obese adults
Obesity is a risk factor for many health problems, but a new Penn Medicine study published this month in the journal Sleep suggests having a larger tongue with increased levels of fat may be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea in obese adults.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Richter
gregory.richter@uphs.upenn.edu
215-614-1937
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Child Language
Children understand familiar voices better than those of strangers
Familiar voices can improve spoken language processing among school-age children, according to a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. However, the advantage of hearing a familiar voice only helps children to process and understand words they already know well, not new words that aren't in their vocabularies.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@nyu.edu
212-998-6797
New York University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Sesame Street teaches physicians a lesson
More than two million people are incarcerated in the United States, the world's highest incarceration rate. Scott A. Allen, M.D., a professor of medicine in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, and two colleagues report in Annals of Internal Medicine that while many people need to be in prison for the safety of society, a majority are incarcerated due to behaviors linked to treatable diseases such as mental illness and addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/Centers for AIDS Research

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Brains in the balance: New $11.5 million grant fuels U-M Parkinson's disease research center
Deep in the brains of people with Parkinson's disease, changes to brain cells create a high risk of dangerous falls -- a problem that resists treatment. Now, an $11.5 million effort seeks to better understand the cause of these problems, and find new options based in the latest brain science.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Mother's behavior has strong effect on cocaine-exposed children
It is not only prenatal drug exposure, but also conditions related to drug use that can influence negative behavior in children, according to a new study from the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Cathy Wilde
cwilde@ria.buffalo.edu
716-887-3365
University at Buffalo

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3512.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

     
   

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