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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3530.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 5-Nov-2014
Genesis of genitalia
Researchers have discovered how functionally analogous genitalia can arise from divergent tissue.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 5-Nov-2014
The Lancet
Does life satisfaction increase with age? Only in some places, new study finds
Life satisfaction dips around middle age and rises in older age in high-income, English-speaking countries, but that is not a universal pattern, according to a new report published in The Lancet. Residents of other regions grow increasingly less satisfied as they age. The research also shows a two-way connection between physical health and well-being: poorer health leads to lower ratings of life satisfaction among the elderly, but higher life satisfaction seems to stave off physical health declines.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research, British Heart Foundation, The Gallup Organization

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 5-Nov-2014
Secure genetic data moves into the fast lane of discovery
A new web-based platform called GWATCH provides visualization tools for identifying disease-associated genetic markers from privacy-protected human data without risk to patient privacy. This dynamic online tool facilitates disease gene discovery via automation presented with intuitive data visualization tools: results are shown in three dimensions via a scrolling (Guitar Hero-like) chromosome highway. GWATCH provides an extremely useful, visually appealing bird's-eye view of positive disease-association results, while all sensitive information remain secure behind firewalls.
Russian Ministry of Science, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Scott Edmunds

Public Release: 5-Nov-2014
ADHD-air pollution link
Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAH, a component of air pollution, raises the odds of behavior problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, at age 9, according to researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. Results are published online in the journal PLOS ONE.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, John & Wendy Neu Family Foundation, New York Community Trust, Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Fund

Contact: Timothy Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Journal of Adolescent Health
Oregon research team scores with 'The Concussion Playbook'
Recognize. Report. Respond. Rest. A University of Oregon researcher stresses those 'R' words in an online educational tool designed to teach coaches, educators, teens and parents about concussions.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Researchers engineer a 'smart bomb' to attack childhood leukemia
Fatih Uckun, Jianjun Cheng and their colleagues have taken the first steps towards developing a so-called 'smart bomb' to attack the most common and deadly form of childhood cancer -- called B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
University of Southern California Stem Cell's Regenerative Medicine Initiative, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health,

Contact: Cristy Lytal
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Scientific Reports
High-speed 'label-free' imaging could reveal dangerous plaques
Researchers are close to commercializing a new type of medical imaging technology that could diagnose cardiovascular disease by measuring ultrasound signals from molecules exposed to a fast-pulsing laser.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Brain Structure and Function
Brain changes linked to prematurity may explain risk of neurodevelopmental disorders
In a study published online this week by the journal Brain Structure and Function, the identification of neuroanatomical changes related to prematurity helps explain what brain structure and circuitry are affected, and may lead to designing effective prevention strategies and early interventional treatments for cognitive disabilities.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Genetic damage caused by asthma shows up in circulating blood stream, too
Asthma may be more harmful than was previously thought, according to UCLA researchers who found that genetic damage is present in circulating, or peripheral, blood.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics
Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease may share deep roots
A new study of genetic and health information from more than 15,000 women uncovered several potential ways that type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease may be related at the level of genes, proteins, and fundamental physiology.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Leducq Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Asthma patients reduce symptoms and improve lung function with shallow breaths, more CO2
Asthmatics naturally take deep breaths to relieve symptoms. But new research from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, found that asthma patients using biofeedback to resist the urge to gulp air or take deep breaths, managed to reduce symptoms and improve lung function. Shallow breathing increased carbon dioxide, said principal investigators Thomas Ritz and Alicia Meuret, clinical psychologists. The findings are the first published results of a large clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Journal of Vocational Behavior
Future family and career goals evident in teenage years
Career and family, often seen as competing parts of life, can actually complement each other, and when young people's goals for the future encompass family and career, the outcome is more likely to be success in both arenas, according to Penn State researchers.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Medicare may need to expand options for behavioral weight loss counseling in primary care
An important addition to the 'eat less, move more' strategy for weight loss lies in behavioral counseling to achieve these goals. But research on how primary care practitioners can best provide behavioral weight loss counseling to obese patients in their practices -- as encouraged by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services -- remains slim, according to a systematic review of this topic published today in JAMA. The study was led by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Anna Duerr
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Novel nanofiber-based technology could help prevent HIV/AIDS transmission
Scientists have developed a novel topical microbicide loaded with hyaluronic acid nanofibers that could potentially prevent transmission of HIV through the vaginal mucosa.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Amanda Johnson
American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Long-acting anti-meth treatment demonstrates protective benefits for meth addiction
A recently developed adeno-associated virus-based medication has the potential to offer substantial protective effects for patients attempting to cease methamphetamine use.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Amanda Johnson
American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Ebola, Marburg viruses edit genetic material during infection
Filoviruses like Ebola 'edit' genetic material as they invade their hosts, according to a study published this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. The work, by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the Galveston National Laboratory, and the J. Craig Venter Institute, could lead to a better understanding of these viruses, paving the way for new treatments down the road.
National Institutes of Health, J. Craig Venter Institute

Contact: Garth Hogan
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
PLOS Medicine
Surgery for sleep apnea improves asthma control
Surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids in children suffering from sleep apnea is associated with decreased asthma severity, according to the first large study of the connection. Children who had the surgery had dramatic reductions in acute asthma exacerbations and acute status asthmaticus, as well as asthma-related hospitalizations and ER visits.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Immune booster combined with checkpoint blocker improves survival in metastatic melanoma
Patients with metastatic melanoma who were treated with ipilimumab, an immune checkpoint blocker, survived 50 percent longer if they simultaneously received an immune stimulant.
US Public Health Service, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Teresa Herbert
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
PLOS Medicine
Adenotonsillectomy and childhood asthma
In an analysis of the 2003-2010 MarketScan US database, Rakesh Bhattacharjee and coauthors compared hospital admissions and prescriptions for children with asthma who underwent adenotonsillectomy before and after surgery to determine whether their asthma control improved -- based on ICD-9-CM and CPT codes, as well as drug prescriptions -- in the year after compared with the year before surgery.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Study finds association between coronary artery plaque and liver disease
Researchers using coronary computed tomography angiography have found a close association between high-risk coronary artery plaque and a common liver disease. The study found that a single CT exam can detect both conditions.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Brain Structure and Function
TSRI study shows how exercise could reduce relapse during meth withdrawal
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found that even brief workouts can reduce the risk of relapse in rats withdrawing from methamphetamine. In addition, the team found that exercise affected the neurons in a brain region that had never before been associated with meth withdrawal, suggesting a new direction for drug development.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Beverage Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Compared with apes, people's gut bacteria lack diversity, study finds
The microbes living in people's guts are much less diverse than those in humans' closest relatives, the African apes, an apparently long evolutionary trend that appears to be speeding up in more modern societies, with possible implications for human health, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Telephone counseling leads more adult childhood cancer survivors to get heart screenings
Supplementing written heart screening guidelines with telephone counseling from specially trained nurses more than doubled the likelihood that adult survivors of childhood cancer received recommended heart checks, according to results from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators led the research, whose findings appear in the current issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
NSAIDs prevent colon cancer by inducing death of intestinal stem cells that have mutation
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) protect against the development of colorectal cancer by inducing cell suicide pathways in intestinal stem cells that carry a certain mutated and dysfunctional gene, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute and the School of Medicine. The findings were published online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
PNAS: From HIV to cancer, IL-37 regulates immune system
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in this month's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes the activity of a recently discovered communication molecule of the body's immune system, Interleukin 37 or IL-37. It has been known to limit inflammation and the current study reports its activity in the adaptive immune system: IL-37 inhibits the ability of the immune system to recognize and target new antigens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3530.

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