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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3713.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Journal of Perinatology
Vanderbilt study shows babies born with drug withdrawal symptoms on the rise
The number of infants born in the United States with drug withdrawal symptoms, also known as neonatal abstinence syndrome, nearly doubled in a four-year period. By 2012, one infant was born every 25 minutes in the US with the syndrome, accounting for $1.5 billion in annual health care charges, according to a new Vanderbilt study published in the Journal of Perinatology.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
A BRAIN Initiative first: New tool can switch behavior 'on' and 'off'
Researchers at the University of North Carolina and the NIH have perfected a noninvasive 'chemogenetic' technique that allows them to switch off a specific behavior in mice -- such as voracious eating -- and then switch it back on. The method works by targeting two different cell surface receptors. It's the first fruit of the NIH BRAIN Initiative.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Telomere changes predict cancer
A distinct pattern in the changing length of blood telomeres, the protective end caps on our DNA strands, can predict cancer many years before actual diagnosis, a new study shows. The pattern, which spanned 13 years before cancer diagnosis, could yield a new biomarker to predict cancer development with a blood test. This is the first reported trajectory of telomere changes over the years in people developing cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Spinal cord axon injury location determines neuron's regenerative fate
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report a previously unappreciated phenomenon in which the location of injury to a neuron's communication wire in the spinal cord -- the axon -- determines whether the neuron simply stabilizes or attempts to regenerate. The study, published April 30 by Neuron, demonstrates how advances in live-imaging techniques are revealing new insights into the body's ability to respond to spinal cord injuries.
National Institutes of Health, Dana Foundation, Roman Reed Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Boosting the body's natural ability to fight urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, and widespread antibiotic resistance has led to urgent calls for new ways to combat them. Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences report that an experimental drug that stabilizes a protein called HIF-1alpha protects human bladder cells and mice against a major UTI pathogen. The drug might eventually provide a therapeutic alternative or complement to standard antibiotic treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institute of Health Research, American Association of Anatomists

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Cell Reports
Holy agility! Keen sense of touch guides nimble bat flight
Bats fly with breathtaking precision because their wings are equipped with highly sensitive touch sensors, cells that respond to even slight changes in airflow, researchers demonstrated.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Columbia University Skin Disease Research Center

Contact: Jill Rosen
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Walking an extra two minutes each hour may offset hazards of sitting too long
A new study suggests that engaging in low intensity activities such as standing may not be enough to offset the health hazards of sitting for long periods of time. On the bright side, adding two minutes of walking each hour to your routine just might do the trick. These findings were published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
National Institutes of Health, Public Health Services

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Cell Reports
Protein in metabolic reprogramming restrains senescent cells from becoming cancerous
In recent years, research has shown that cancerous cells have a different metabolism -- essential chemical and nutritional changes needed for supporting the unlimited growth observed in cancer- than normal cells. Now, scientists at The Wistar Institute have identified a way that cells can reprogram their metabolism to overcome a tumor-suppressing mechanism known as senescence, solidifying the notion that altered metabolism is a hallmark of cancer progression.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Ben Leach
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
Drug that can prevent the onset of diabetes is rarely used
Few doctors are prescribing a low-cost drug that has been proven effective in preventing the onset of diabetes. New research finds that only 3.7 percent of US adults with pre-diabetes were prescribed metformin during a recent three-year period.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/Natural Experiments for the Translation of Diabetes

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Nature Genetics
UTHealth researchers use 'knockout humans' to connect genes to disease risk
Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston are helping to make precision medicine a reality by sequencing entire exomes of people to assess chronic disease risk and drug efficacy. The results of a study on this topic were published in Nature Genetics on Monday.
NIH/National Heart, Lunch and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Rhodes
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Novel approach blocks amyloid production in Alzheimer's mouse model
Offering a potential early intervention for Alzheimer's disease, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Cenna Biosciences, Inc. have identified compounds that block the production of beta amyloid peptides in mice. The study is reported April 29 in PLOS ONE.
National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Toxic combination of air pollution and poverty lowers child IQ
Children born to mothers experiencing economic hardship, who were also exposed during pregnancy to high levels of PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), scored significantly lower on IQ tests at age 5 compared with children born to mothers with greater economic security and less exposure to the pollutants. The findings by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at the Mailman School of Public Health appear in the journal Neurotoxicology and Teratology.
NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, John and Wendy Neu Family, Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Foundations, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Neuroimage: Clinical
Your brain on drugs: Functional differences in brain communication in cocaine users
The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted and often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new scientific study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Lieber Institute for Brain Development shares grant to study origins of schizophrenia
Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D., CEO at LIBD explains that 'this type of collaborative research support is fundamental... We must bring together the best minds to bear on the incredibly complex questions in psychiatric illness -- how they come to be and how we get people better. I am particularly grateful for the opportunity to work again with friends Drs. Fred Gage and John Moran, and look forward to the important work our teams will carry out.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Wells
Lieber Institute for Brain Development

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Urine profiles provide clues to how obesity causes disease
Scientists have identified chemical markers in urine associated with body mass, providing insights into how obesity causes disease.
Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Improved sanitation may reduce sexual violence in South African townships
Improving access to public toilets in South African urban settlements may reduce both the incidence of sexual assaults by nearly 30 percent and the overall cost to society, a study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health and Yale School of Management found.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Michael Greenwood
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Science Translational Medicine
New study shows how babies' lives were saved by 3-D printing
Study reports outcomes for three boys who became the first in the world to benefit from groundbreaking 3-D printed devices that saved their lives at U-M's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
Low health literacy linked to heart failure deaths after hospitalization
Acute heart failure patients are more likely to die within two years of hospitalization if they have trouble understanding and using health information. Living with heart failure can be complex, so patients need to let their healthcare providers know if they don't understand their instructions.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Combined chemotherapy and immunotherapy shows promise for advanced prostate cancers
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that blocking or removing immune-suppressing cells allows a special type of chemotherapy -- and the immune cells it activates -- to destroy prostate tumors. This novel combination therapy, termed chemoimmunotherapy, achieved near complete remission in mouse models of advanced prostate cancer. The study is published April 29 in Nature.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, German Research Foundation, Genome Research-Austria and Cancer Research Institute

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2015
LVADs may lead to declines in health, cognitive thinking in some heart failure patients
Left ventricular assist devices are life-prolonging devices for patients with advanced heart failure but they also may leave some patients in poor health with declines in brain function. Risk factors for cognitive decline included older age and having devices placed as permanent therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Michael Burton
American Heart Association

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2015
Traumatic events, financial struggles may threaten women's heart health
Traumatic life events such as losing a child or a spouse increased the chances of a heart attack by more than 65 percent among middle-aged and older women regardless of heart disease risk factors or socioeconomic status. A history of financial struggle was associated with a two-fold higher risk for heart attack among middle-aged and elderly women.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Michael Burton
American Heart Association

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Scientists uncover surprising new details of potential Alzheimer's treatment
Taking a new approach, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have uncovered some surprising details of a group of compounds that have shown significant potential in stimulating the growth of brain cells and memory restoration in animal models that mimic Alzheimer's disease.
Abuse, NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, and Repligen Corporation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Children with ADHD at risk for binge eating, study shows
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, are significantly more likely to have an eating disorder -- a loss of control eating syndrome (LOC-ES) -- akin to binge eating, a condition more generally diagnosed only in adults, according to results of a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Joslin research finds gastric band and weight management therapies offer similar benefits
A small clinical trial among such patients led by Joslin Diabetes Center and Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers now has shown that two approaches -- adjustable gastric band surgery and an intensive group-based medical diabetes and weight management program -- achieved similar improvements in controlling blood sugar levels after one year.
NIH/National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Covidien, Lifescan, Nestlé Medical Nutrition, Novo Nordisk

Contact: Jeff Bright
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Weighing -- and imaging -- molecules one at a time
Building on their creation of the first-ever mechanical device that can measure the mass of individual molecules, one at a time, a team of Caltech scientists and their colleagues have created nanodevices that can also reveal their shape.
National Institutes of Health, Caltech Kavli Nanoscience Institute Distinguished Visiting Professorship, the Fondation pour la Recherche et l'Enseignement Superieur in Paris, Australian Research Council

Contact: Brian Bell
California Institute of Technology

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3713.

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