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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3610.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 5-Mar-2015
Exposure to endocrine disruptors during pregnancy affects the brain two generations later
Prenatal exposure to low doses of the environmental contaminants polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs, change the developing brain in an area involved in metabolism, and some effects are apparent even two generations later, a new study finds. Performed in rats, the research will be presented Friday at the Endocrine Society's 97th annual meeting in San Diego.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Aaron Lohr
The Endocrine Society

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
UH researchers find link between flame retardants and obesity
Could your electronics be making you fat? According to University of Houston researchers, a common flame retardant used to keep electronics from overheating may be to blame. Scientists at UH's Center for Nuclear Receptors and Cell Signaling have been researching the issue using zebrafish. Supported by a $375,209 grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, the researchers set out to screen for compounds that lead to obesity, called obesogens.
NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New protein booster may lead to better DNA vaccines and gene therapy
Scientists have discovered a new way to manipulate how cells function, a finding that might help advance an experimental approach to improving public health: DNA vaccines, which could be more efficient, less expensive and easier to store than traditional vaccines. Their approach, based on research results published this week, improves upon an existing laboratory technique, transfection, widely used to study how cells and viruses work.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Experimental Biology 2015
MARC Travel Awards announced for EB 2015
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Experimental Biology 2015 meeting in Boston, Mass., from March 28-April 1, 2015. These awards are meant to promote the entry of students, post doctorates and scientists from underrepresented groups into the mainstream of the basic science community and to encourage the participation of young scientists at EB 2015.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
American College of Cardiology 64th Annual Scientific Session & Expo
Omega-3 fatty acids appear to protect damaged heart after heart attack
Taking omega-3 fatty acids appeared to lower inflammation and guard against further declines in heart function among recent heart attack survivors already receiving optimal standard care, according to results from a randomized, controlled trial to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 64th Annual Scientific Session in San Diego.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Beth Casteel
American College of Cardiology

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
LSU Health New Orleans discovers retina protein that may help conquer blindness
Research led by Nicolas Bazan, M.D., Ph.D., Boyd Professor and Director of the LSU Health New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, discovered a protein in the retina that is crucial for vision. The paper reports, for the first time, the key molecular mechanisms leading to visual degeneration and blindness. The research reveals events that may be harnessed for prevention, as well as to slow down progression of retinal degenerative diseases.
National Institutes of Health, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Foundation of New Orleans, Research to Prevent Blindness

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Genes and Development
Penn scientists describe the function of an enzyme critical to male fertility
In a study published in the journal Genes and Development, University of Pennsylvania researchers have filled in details of how an enzyme, through interactions with a network of nearly two dozen other genes, protects the integrity of the germ line by giving rise to a class of RNA molecules that are essential to sperm development.
Brody Family Fellowship, National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Nanjing Medical University Startup Funding

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Using fruit flies to understand how we sense hot and cold
Innately, we pull our hand away when we touch a hot pan on the stove, but little is known about how our brain processes temperature information. Northwestern University scientists now have discovered how a fruit fly's brain represents temperature, mapping it neuron by neuron, which has implications for understanding the much more complex human brain and how it responds to sensory stimuli. The work represents the first comprehensive mapping of the brain circuit that processes temperature information in any animal.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
L.A. story: Cleaner air, healthier kids
A 20-year study shows that decreasing air pollution in Los Angeles has led to healthier lungs for millennials when compared to children in the '90s.
Health Effects Institute, California Air Resources Board, Hastings Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Carl Marziali
University of Southern California

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Common antidepressant may hold the key to heart failure reversal
A team led by researchers at Temple University School of Medicine found that a commonly prescribed antidepressant restored heart function in mice with heart failure, a finding that could lead to clinical trials for a disease long considered irreversible. The team, which was led by Walter J. Koch, PhD, the William Wikoff Smith Endowed Chair in Cardiovascular Medicine at TUSM, found that the antidepressant paroxetine (also known as Paxil), reversed heart failure in mice.
Brody Family Medical Trust Fund Fellowship, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Study reveals mechanism behind most common form of inherited Alzheimer's disease
A study from researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital reveals for the first time exactly how mutations associated with the most common form of inherited Alzheimer's disease produce the disorder's devastating effects. The paper upends conventional thinking about the effects of Alzheimer's-associated mutations in the presenilin genes and provides an explanation for the failure of drugs designed to block presenilin activity.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Alzheimer's Association, Pew Scholars Program in the Biomedical Sciences

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Twitter helps smokers kick the habit, UCI-Stanford study finds
When subjects in a smoking cessation program tweet each other regularly, they're more successful at kicking the habit, according to a study by UC Irvine and Stanford University researchers. Specifically, daily 'automessages' that encourage and direct the social media exchanges may be more effective than traditional social media interventions for quitting smoking.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anne Warde
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Molecular Pharmacology
UC Davis scientists describe novel drug mechanism that fights brain cancer
Researchers at UC Davis have developed and characterized a molecule that interferes with the internal regulation of cancer cells, causing them to self-destruct.
National Institutes of Health, Neurological Sciences, UC Davis Research Investments in Science and Engineering, MIND Institute Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
PLOS Biology
Study sheds light on how malaria parasites grow exponentially
A University of South Florida professor and his team of researchers have become the first to uncover part of the mysterious process by which malaria-related parasites spread at explosive and deadly rates inside humans and other animals. As drug-resistant malaria threatens to become a major public health crisis, the findings may lead to a powerful new treatment for malaria-caused illnesses that kill more than 600,000 people a year.
NIH/National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Disease

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Cell Metabolism
Newly discovered hormone mimics the effects of exercise
Scientists have discovered a new hormone. When tested in mice, it blocked the negative health effects of eating a high-fat diet.
National Institutes of Health, Glenn Award, Ellison Medical Foundation New Scholar Award, Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute grant

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Public Health Reports
UTMB study shows testosterone being prescribed when not medically needed
A new study by the University of Texas Medical Branch found that 20 percent of men were prescribed testosterone despite having normal testosterone levels based on the Endocrine Society's guidelines. The study also found that 39 percent of new testosterone users did not have a prostate cancer screening during the year before treatment and 56 percent were not screened during the year after starting treatment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Spouses of alcoholics can benefit from online help, study finds
Women married to men with alcohol abuse problems can face a slew of problems themselves, with finding support for their situation near the top of the list. Researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions found that women with alcoholic partners who face barriers to seeking help may benefit from an Internet-based, interactive support program.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol and Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Genetic risk linked to clinical benefit of statin therapy
Research has demonstrated that the risk for developing coronary heart disease depends on a host of risk factors that are related both to lifestyle and genetics. In a study from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and Massachusetts General Hospital, researchers tested whether a composite of genetic variants could identify the risk of cardiovascular death and heart attacks as well as identify individuals who derived greater clinical benefit from statin therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Haley Bridger
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Vanderbilt study shows poor heart function could be major risk for Alzheimer's disease
The Vanderbilt study, published online Feb. 19 in Circulation, associates heart function with the development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Participants with decreased heart function, measured by cardiac index, were two to three times more likely to develop significant memory loss over the follow-up period.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Carnegie Mellon neuroscientists identify new way several brain areas communicate
Carnegie Mellon University neuroscientists have identified a new pathway by which several brain areas communicate within the brain's striatum. Published in the Journal of Neuroscience, the findings illustrate structural and functional connections that allow the brain to use reinforcement learning to make spatial decisions. Knowing how these specific pathways work together provides crucial insight into how learning occurs. It also could lead to improved treatments for Parkinson's disease.
Pennsylvania Department of Health, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Twitter could bring better understanding of vaccine refusal patterns
Researchers will track vaccine refusal patterns using Twitter in a five-year, $1.5 million grant.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
George Washington University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Time to 'just say no' to behavior-calming drugs for Alzheimer patients? Experts say yes
Doctors write millions of prescriptions a year for drugs to calm the behavior of people with Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia. But non-drug approaches actually work better, and carry far fewer risks, experts conclude in a new report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
NIH awards $2.4 million for research into mechanisms of auditory information processing
Samuel Young, Jr., Ph.D., at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience has been awarded a $2.4 million, five-year grant from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders to investigate how synaptic vesicle activity modulates the transfer of auditory information and ultimately how this impacts our ability to discern sounds.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Jennifer Gutierrez
Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Scripps Florida scientists find a defect responsible for memory impairment in aging
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a mechanism that causes long-term memory loss due to age in Drosophila, the common fruit fly, a widely recognized substitute for human memory studies.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Study shows who benefits most from statins
New research suggests that widely used statin therapy provides the most benefit to patients with the highest genetic risk of heart attack. Using a relatively straightforward genetic analysis, the researchers assessed heart attack risk independently of traditional risk factors such as age, sex, so-called good and bad cholesterol levels, smoking history, family history and whether the patient has diabetes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Showing releases 251-275 out of 3610.

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