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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3756.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Parenting: Science and Practice
How new moms assess their partners' ability to parent
New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research finds.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Schoppe-Sullivan.1@osu.edu
Ohio State University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Exercise during teen years linked to lowered risk of cancer death later
Women who exercised during their teen years were less likely to die from cancer and all other causes during middle-age and later in life, according to a new study by investigators at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the Shanghai Cancer Institute in China.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
American Journal of Psychiatry
New study reveals both benefits and risks of antidepressants during pregnancy
Treating maternal psychiatric disorder with commonly used antidepressants is associated with a lower risk of certain pregnancy complications including preterm birth and delivery by Caesarean section, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center, and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. However, the medications -- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs -- resulted in an increased risk of neonatal problems.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Key protein drives 'power plants' that fuel cells in heart and other key body systems
Case Western Reserve University scientists have discovered that a protein called Kruppel-like Factor 4 (KLF4) controls mitochondria -- the 'power plants' in cells that catalyze energy production. Specifically, they determined KLF4's pivotal role through its absence -- that is, the mitochondria malfunction without enough of the protein, which in turn leads to reduced energy. The researchers' findings appear in the August edition of The Journal of Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Jeannette.Spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
JAMA
High rates of violence, HIV infection for adolescents in sex trade on US-Mexico border
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that more than one in four female sex workers in two Mexican cities on the US border entered the sex trade younger than age 18; one in eight before their 16th birthday. These women were more than three times more likely to become infected with HIV than those who started sex work as adults.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Buschman
hbuschman@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Journal of Neurosurgery
Head impacts and collegiate football practice and games
Researchers at the University of Virginia examined the number and severity of subconcussive head impacts sustained by college football players over an entire season during practices and games. The researchers found that the number of head impacts varied depending on the intensity of the activity.
University of Virginia Health System, National Institutes of Health, University of Virginia Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging

Contact: Jo Ann Eliason
jaeliason@thejns.org
434-982-1209
Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Cell Metabolism
UTMB uncovers how common white fat can be turned into energy-burning brown fat in humans
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered, for the first time in humans, that the widely reviled energy storing white fat can be turned into an energy burning brown fat that uses up excess calories. These findings will be published in the Aug. 4 edition of Cell Metabolism.
National Institutes of Health, Shriners Hospitals for Children, UTMB John Sealy Memorial Endowment Fund for Biomedical Research, American Diabetes Association, UTMB Sealy Center on Aging

Contact: Donna Ramirez
donna.ramirez@utmb.edu
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Marriage can lead to dramatic reduction in heavy drinking in young adults
Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers collaborating between the University of Missouri and Arizona State University have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people with severe drinking problems. Scientists believe findings could help improve clinical efforts to help these people, inform public health policy changes and lead to more targeted interventions for young adult problem drinkers.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Our elegant brain: Motor learning in the fast lane
Researchers at McGill University have discovered that to learn new motor skills, neurons within the cerebellum engage in elegant, virtually mathematical, computations to quickly compare expected and actual sensory feedback. They then quickly readjust, changing the strength of connections between other neurons to form new patterns in the brain in order to accomplish the task at hand.
Canadian Institute of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies

Contact: Katherine Gombay
katherine.gombay@mcgill.ca
514-398-2189
McGill University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Sleep Medicine
Chronic insomnia sufferers may find relief with half of standard pill dose
The roughly nine million Americans who rely on prescription sleeping pills to treat chronic insomnia may be able to get relief from as little as half of the drugs, and may even be helped by taking placebos in the treatment plan, according to new research published today in the journal Sleep Medicine by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Their findings starkly contrast with the standard prescribing practices for chronic insomnia treatment.
National Institutes of Health National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Contact: Greg Richter
greg.richter@uphs.upenn.edu
215-614-1937
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Northwestern receives $17.5 million grant for HIV prevention research
Northwestern University scientists will lead an interdisciplinary project funded by the National Institutes of Health to invent, develop and test an implantable drug delivery system to protect high-risk individuals from HIV infection. Northwestern recently received a five-year, $17.5 million grant from the NIH for this project.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
What would the world look like to someone with a bionic eye?
A new UW study concludes that while major advancements have been made in vision recovery technologies, the vision provided by those devices might be very different from what scientists and patients have assumed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nanoparticles used to breach mucus barrier in lungs
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil have designed a DNA-loaded nanoparticle that can pass through the mucus barrier covering conducting airways of lung tissue.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

Contact: Marin Hedin
mhedin2@jhmi.edu
410-502-9429
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Social Science and Medicine
Residential location affects pregnant women's likelihood of smoking
Women are more likely to smoke during pregnancy when they live in areas where socio-economic resources are lower but also where smoking is more socially accepted, according to new study from Rice University's Kinder Institute for Urban Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
New approach for making vaccines for deadly diseases
Researchers have devised an entirely new approach to vaccines -- creating immunity without vaccination. They demonstrated that animals injected with synthetic DNA engineered to encode a specific neutralizing antibody against the dengue virus were capable of producing the exact antibodies necessary to protect against disease, without the need for standard antigen-based vaccination. This approach, was rapid, protecting animals within a week of administration.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and Inovio Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Veterans returning from Middle East face higher skin cancer risk
Soldiers who served in the glaring desert sunlight of Iraq and Afghanistan returned home with an increased risk of skin cancer, due not only to the desert climate, but also a lack of sun protection, Vanderbilt dermatologist Jennifer Powers, M.D., reports in a study published recently in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.
Skin Cancer Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
International Journal of Nanomedicine
Vaccine with virus-like nanoparticles effective treatment for RSV, study finds
A vaccine containing virus-like nanoparticles, or microscopic, genetically engineered particles, is an effective treatment for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), according to researchers at Georgia State University.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
It's all connected: Daily changes in mouse gut bacteria moves with internal clock, gender
Researchers analyzed circadian rhythms in abundance and type of microbiota in the gut and feces of mice using genetic sequencing. They found that the absolute abundance of a large group of rod-shaped bacteria common in the gut and skin of animals, and relative species make-up of the microbiome, changed over a 24-hour cycle, and this rhythmicity was more pronounced in female mice.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Stress responder is a first responder in helping repair DNA damage and avoiding cancer
DNA damage increases the risk of cancer, and researchers have found that a protein, known to rally when cells get stressed, plays a critical, early step in its repair.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Combination therapy may be more effective against the most common ovarian cancer
High-grade serous ovarian cancer often responds well to the chemotherapy drug carboplatin, but why it so frequently comes back after treatment has been a medical mystery.
American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science UCLA Clinical Translational Science Institute

Contact: Kim Irwin
kirwin@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2262
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Epigenetics
WSU researchers investigate effect of environmental epigenetics on disease and evolution
Washington State University researchers say environmental factors are having an underappreciated effect on the course of disease and evolution by prompting genetic mutations through epigenetics, a process by which genes are turned on and off independent of an organism's DNA sequence. Their assertion is a dramatic shift in how we might think of disease and evolution's underlying biology and 'changes how we think about where things come from,' said WSU biologist Michael Skinner.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Skinner
skinner@wsu.edu
509-335-1524
Washington State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genetic adaptation keeps Ethiopians heart-healthy despite high altitudes
Ethiopians have lived at high altitudes for thousands of years, providing a natural experiment for studying human adaptations to low oxygen, a condition known as hypoxia. One factor that may enable Ethiopians to tolerate high altitudes and hypoxia is the endothelin receptor type B (EDNRB) gene. Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine now find that mice with lower-than-normal levels of EDNRB protein are remarkably tolerant to hypoxia.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
hbuschman@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Methods
New method reveals hidden population of regulatory molecules in cells
A recently discovered family of small RNA molecules, some of which have been implicated in cancer progression, has just gotten much larger thanks to a new RNA sequencing technique enabling sensitive detection of small RNAs that are chemically modified (methylated) after being transcribed from the genome. The researchers used the technique to reveal an abundance of modified fragments derived from transfer RNA molecules in both yeast cells and human cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Genetics
Further evidence of genetic key to deadliest form of skin cancer
Scientists from the University of Leeds have uncovered further evidence that the protective buffers at the ends of chromosomes -- known as telomeres -- are fundamental to the understanding of the deadliest form of skin cancer, melanoma.
Cancer Research UK, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ben Jones
B.P.Jones@leeds.ac.uk
44-011-334-38059
University of Leeds

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Surprising results casts new light on the free radical theory of aging
When scientists in the Campisi lab at the Buck Institute bred mice that produced excess free radicals that damaged the mitochondria in their skin, they expected to see accelerated aging across the mouse lifespan - additional proof of the free radical theory of aging. Instead, they saw a surprising benefit in young animals: accelerated wound healing due to increased epidermal differentiation and re-epithelialization.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kris Rebillot
krebillot@buckinstitute.org
415-209-2080
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3756.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

     
   

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