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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3607.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Health Affairs
US spends more on cancer care, saves fewer lives than Western Europe
Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, Samir Soneji, Ph.D., of Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice has found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Psychiatric Services
Despite federal law, some insurance exchange plans offer unequal mental health coverage
One-quarter of the health plans being sold on health insurance exchanges set up through the Affordable Care Act offer benefits that appear to violate a federal law requiring equal benefits for general medical and mental health care, according to new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Sizing up cells: Study finds possible regulator of growth
Modern biology has attained deep knowledge of how cells work, but the mechanisms by which cellular structures assemble and grow to the right size largely remain a mystery. Now, Princeton University researchers may have found the key in a dynamic agglomeration of molecules inside cells.
National Institutes of Health, Searle Scholars Program, National Science Foundation, Damon Runyon Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
New UTHealth therapy targets PTSD, substance use disorders
A new cognitive behavioral therapy designed to treat both post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders is the focus of research at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School.
National Institutes of Health, UTHealth Clinical and Translational Sciences

Contact: Deborah Mann Lake
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New nanodevice defeats drug resistance
A nanodevice from MIT researchers can disable drug-resistance genes, then release cancer drugs.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Maternal health in India much worse than previously thought
More than 40 percent of women in India are underweight when they begin pregnancy, according to a new study published by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. On average, these women gain only 15 pounds throughout pregnancy -- just half of the recommended amount. The findings -- featured in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences -- are a concern as body mass and weight gain during pregnancy are important indicators of maternal health.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
BMC Medical Genomics
Genetic discovery may help determine effectiveness of Huntington's disease treatments
A new genetic discovery in the field of Huntington's disease (HD) could mean a more effective way in determining severity of this neurological disease when using specific treatments. This study may provide insight for treatments that would be effective in slowing down or postponing the death of neurons for people who carry the HD gene mutation, but who do not yet show symptoms of the disease.
Jerry McDonald Huntington Disease Research Fund, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Respiratory Research
Researchers identify genes responsible for lung tumors
The lung transcription factor Nkx2-1 is an important gene regulating lung formation and normal respiratory functions after birth. Alterations in the expression of this transcription factor can lead to diseases such as lung interstitial disease, post-natal respiratory distress and lung cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
Fighting a worm with its own genome
Tiny parasitic hookworms infect nearly half a billion people worldwide -- almost exclusively in developing countries -- causing health problems ranging from gastrointestinal issues to cognitive impairment and stunted growth in children. By sequencing and analyzing the genome of one particular hookworm species, Caltech researchers have uncovered new information that could aid the fight against these parasites. The results of their work were published online in the March 2 issue of the journal Nature Genetics.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Lycopene may ward off kidney cancer in older women
A higher intake by postmenopausal women of the natural antioxidant lycopene, found in foods like tomatoes, watermelon and papaya, may lower the risk of renal cell carcinoma, a type of kidney cancer.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Unlocking the key to immunological memory in bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful. Berkeley Lab researchers have unlocked the key to how bacteria are able to 'steal' genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological memory system.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Anxious people more apt to make bad decisions amid uncertainty
Highly anxious people have more trouble deciding how best to handle life's uncertainties. They may even catastrophize, interpreting, say, a lover's tiff as a doomed relationship or a workplace change as a career threat. Investigating this dynamic, scientists have found evidence of a glitch in the brain's higher-order decision-making circuitry that could eventually be targeted in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
American Journal of Nursing
New care model enhances psychological, cognitive and physical recovery of ICU survivors
The Critical Care Recovery Center care model -- the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors -- decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University schools of medicine and nursing.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Eskenazi Health

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
Genetically speaking, mammals are more like their fathers
You might resemble or act more like your mother, but a novel research study from UNC School of Medicine researchers reveals that mammals are genetically more like their dads. Specifically, the research shows that although we inherit equal amounts of genetic mutations from our parents -- the mutations that make us who we are and not some other person -- we actually 'use' more of the DNA that we inherit from our dads.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
NYU study identifies teens at-risk for synthetic marijuana use
A new NYU study is one of the first national studies to examine risk factors for use of synthetic marijuana among a large, nationally representative sample of teens.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Low sugar uptake in brain appears to exacerbate Alzheimer's disease
A deficiency in the protein responsible for moving glucose across the brain's protective blood-brain barrier appears to intensify the neurodegenerative effects of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new mouse study from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. The research suggests that targeting the protein called GLUT1 could help prevent or slow the effects of Alzheimer's, especially among those at risk for the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Results challenge conventional wisdom about where the brain processes visual information
Results of a brain mapping study challenge conventional wisdom that the 'magic' which transforms visual information into the three-dimensional world that we perceive all occurs in the visual cortex.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gorilla origins of the last two AIDS virus lineages confirmed
Two of the four known groups of human AIDS viruses (HIV-1 groups O and P) have originated in western lowland gorillas, according to an international team of scientists.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Medicine
Johns Hopkins researchers identify key to tuberculosis resistance
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have now uncovered how a bacterial molecule controls the body's response to TB infection and suggest that adjusting the level of this of this molecule may be a new way to treat the disease. The report appears this week as an advance online publication of Nature Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Lauren Nelson
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain waves
Researchers have identified a group of neurons in the basal forebrain that help synchronize activity in the cortex, triggering brain waves that are characteristic of consciousness, perception and attention.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Global Frontier Grant

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
Are doctors using unnecessary tests to diagnose chronic kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) affects 13 percent of adults in the US and is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and costs. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston have found that many of the tests frequently conducted to screen for CKD have little clinical benefit on diagnosis and therapeutic management.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Caragher
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Mind-readers: Scientists crack a piece of the neural code for learning and memory
In work published today in Nature, researchers describe how postmortem brain slices can be 'read' to determine how a rat was trained to behave in response to specific sounds. The work provides one of the first examples of how specific changes in the activity of individual neurons encode particular acts of learning and memory in the brain.
National Institutes of Health, Swartz Foundation

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
New genetic syndrome found, tied to errors in 'master switch' during early development
Analyzing a puzzling multisystem disorder in three children, genetic experts have identified a new syndrome, shedding light on key biological processes during human development. The research also provides important information to help caregivers manage the disorder, named CHOPS syndrome, and may offer clues to eventually treating it.
National Institutes of Health, Cornelia deLange Syndrome Foundation, MEXT

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Journal of Experimental Medicine
One step closer to defeating Alzheimer's disease
Researchers show that toning down the activity of the receptor TREM2 may help put a stop to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's Association, Chet and Jane Scholtz, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, US Department of Defense, BrightFocus Foundation, National Research Service Awards

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
Desmoplakin's tail gets the message
Cells control the adhesion protein desmoplakin by modifying the tail end of the protein, and this process goes awry in some patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health, Leducq Transatlantic Network, JL Mayberry endowment Robert H. Lurie ComprehensiveCancer Center of Northwestern University, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3607.

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