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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3511.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Virginia Tech awarded $1.7 million to study social networking for addiction recovery
Researchers will study how social media interactions could foster support for people recovering from alcohol, opiate, or stimulant addictions.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Sleep twitches light up the brain
A new UI study finds twitches during rapid eye movement sleep comprise a different class of movement, which researchers say is further evidence that sleep twitches activate circuits throughout the developing brain and teach newborns about their limbs and what they can do with them.
National Institutes of Health, Fulbright Foreign Student Program

Contact: Sara Agnew
University of Iowa

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Transplant drug could boost the power of brain tumor treatments, U-M study finds
Every day, organ transplant patients around the world take a drug called rapamycin to keep their immune systems from rejecting their new kidneys and hearts. New research suggests that the same drug could help brain tumor patients by boosting the effect of new immune-based therapies.
National Institutes of Health, University of Michigan, Phase One Foundation

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Behavioral Brain Research
BUSM researchers identify brain changes involved in alcohol-related sleep disturbances
A review article published online in Behavioral Brain Research provides novel insight into changes that happen in the brain as a result of chronic alcohol exposure that can lead to disruptions in the sleep cycle.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
U-M, USC, Broad to study genetics of 2 mental health disorders
Researchers at the University of Michigan School of Public Health and Medical School and collaborators at two other institutions will undertake the largest whole genome sequencing study funded to date, as they seek to better understand bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Laurel Thomas Gnagey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
New VCU center to target cocaine addiction
Virginia Commonwealth University has received a five-year, $6 million grant for clinical research and education directed toward the identification, evaluation and development of safe and effective treatments for cocaine addiction.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Peters
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study holds hope of a treatment for deadly genetic disease, MPS IIIB
Researchers report they may have found a way to replace the missing enzyme that causes progressive damage to the brain in people with MPSIIIB.
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc., National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Liver gene therapy corrects heart symptoms in model of rare enzyme disorder
Researchers examined systemic delivery of a vector to replace the enzyme IDUA, which is deficient in patients with a rare enzyme deficiency disorder. The works describes how an injection of a vector expressing the IDUA enzyme to the liver can prevent most of the systemic manifestations of the disease, including those found in the heart.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Montefiore and Einstein receive $3.4 million NIH grant for cancer clinical trials
Montefiore Einstein Center for Cancer Care and Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have been awarded a $3.4M grant from the National Cancer Institute to conduct multi-site cancer clinical trials and research focused on reducing healthcare disparities in cancer care. The award is through the newly established National Cancer Institute Community Oncology Research Program, a national network of investigators, cancer care providers, academic institutions and other organizations that will conduct research to improve cancer diagnosis, treatment and management, particularly in minority and undeserved communities.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
UNC researchers launch study of experiences and outcomes of women sexual assault survivors
A new study led by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers is the first large scale effort to longitudinally evaluate health outcomes after sexual assault.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Basic and Applied Social Psychology
How career dreams are born
A new study shows just what it takes to convince a person that she is qualified to achieve the career of her dreams.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Patrick Carroll
Ohio State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
ESMO 2014 Congress
Trial shows trastuzumab should remain as standard of care for HER2-positive breast cancer
Analysis of more than 8,000 women who participated in the world's largest study of two treatments for HER2-positive breast cancer reinforces other findings from the clinical trial showing that trastuzumab, also known as Herceptin, should remain the standard of care for this cancer, says a Mayo Clinic researcher.
Breast Cancer Intergroup of North America, Breast International Group, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Glaxo SmithKline

Contact: Paul Scotti
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Research Institute scientists shed light on cause of spastic paraplegia
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered that a gene mutation linked to hereditary spastic paraplegia, a disabling neurological disorder, interferes with the normal breakdown of triglyceride fat molecules in the brain. The Scripps researchers found large droplets of triglycerides within the neurons of mice modeling the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Viral infection might just be a phase... transition
Many double-stranded DNA viruses infect cells by ejecting their genetic information into a host cell. But how does the rigid DNA packaged inside a virus flow into a cell? In two separate studies, Carnegie Mellon biophysicist Alex Evilevitch has shown that in viruses that infect both bacteria and humans, a phase transition at the temperature of infection allows the DNA to change from a rigid crystalline structure into a fluid-like structure that facilitates infection.
Swedish Research Council, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, McWilliams Fellowship at Carnegie Mellon

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Causes of California drought linked to climate change
The extreme atmospheric conditions associated with California's crippling drought are far more likely to occur under today's global warming conditions than in the climate that existed before humans emitted large amounts of greenhouse gases, Stanford scientists say.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, UPS Fund

Contact: Ker Than
Stanford University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research suggests new strategies for killing TB bacterium
Researchers from Brown and MIT have shown new details about how a promising new class of antibiotics attacks the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. The research could provide a blueprint for developing drugs aimed at fighting TB.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Healthy fats help diseased heart muscle process and use fuel
Oleate, a common dietary fat found in olive oil, restored proper metabolism of fuel in an animal model of heart failure. The findings are reported in the journal Circulation by researchers at University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
After-school exercise program enhances cognition in 7-, 8- and 9-year-olds
A nine-month-long, randomized controlled trial involving 221 prepubescent children found that those who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes a day after school saw substantial improvements in their ability to pay attention, avoid distraction and switch between cognitive tasks, researchers report in the journal Pediatrics.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals new clues to help understand brain stimulation
A new study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that brain networks -- the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another -- can help guide site selection for brain stimulation therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Sidney R. Baer Jr. Foundation, Michael J. Fox Foundation, National Football League Players Association, American Academy of Neurology/American Brain Foundation, Harvard Catalyst

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Landmark Medicare law had little impact on reducing chemotherapy cost
Legislation passed in 2003 to slow the spiraling costs of drugs paid for by the federal government to treat Medicare patients has had no meaningful impact on cancer chemotherapy drug costs. In this study, the authors note that not only did the policy fail, cancer care cost has skyrocketed. During the decade after the law passed, the aggregate cost of cancer care increased by as much as 60 percent, even though cancer rates had fallen.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Scientists discover a new role for estrogen in the pathology of breast cancer
Scientists have discovered a previously unknown mechanism by which estrogen prepares cells to divide, grow and, in the case of estrogen-positive breast cancers, resist cancer drugs. The researchers say the work reveals new targets for breast cancer therapy and will help doctors predict which patients need the most aggressive treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Protein that causes frontotemporal dementia also implicated in Alzheimer's disease
Low levels of the naturally occurring protein progranulin exacerbate cellular and cognitive dysfunction, while raising levels can prevent abnormalities in an Alzheimer's model.
Consortium for Frontotemporal Dementia, National Institutes of Health, S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Human genome was shaped by an evolutionary arms race with itself
New findings by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz, suggest that an evolutionary arms race between rival elements within the genomes of primates drove the evolution of complex regulatory networks that orchestrate the activity of genes in every cell of our bodies. The arms race is between mobile DNA sequences known as 'retrotransposons' (a.k.a. 'jumping genes') and the genes that have evolved to control them.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers identify early sign of pancreatic cancer
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and other institutions have discovered a sign of the early development of pancreatic cancer -- an upsurge in certain amino acids that occurs before the disease is diagnosed and symptoms appear. The research is being published online today by the journal Nature Medicine.
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Lustgarten Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Nestle Research Center, Robert T. and Judith B. Hale Fund for Pancreatic Cancer, Perry S. Levy Fund

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2014
Evolutionary biology: It's not just for textbooks anymore
UA scientists, including entomology expert Bruce Tabashnik, are on the leading edge of an approach to tackle global challenges in food security, emerging diseases and biodiversity loss.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, National Research Centre for Growth and Development, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, others

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3511.

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