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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3540.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Heart's own immune cells can help it heal
The heart holds its own pool of immune cells capable of helping it heal after injury, according to new research in mice at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health, Oliver Langenberg Physician-Scientist Training Program, Washington University Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases Live Cell Imaging Facility

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Making lab-grown tissues stronger
Lab-grown tissues could one day provide new treatments for injuries and damage to the joints, including articular cartilage, tendons and ligaments.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Study shows vibrating insoles could reduce falls among seniors
Findings published in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation show that imperceptible vibratory stimulation applied to the soles of the feet improved balance by reducing postural sway and gait variability in elderly study participants. The vibratory stimulation is delivered by a urethane foam insole with embedded piezoelectric actuators, which generates the mechanical stimulation.
Merck Sharpe and Dohme Consumer Care, Inc., NIH/National Institute on Aging, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University

Contact: Jennifer Davis
jdavis@hsl.harvard.edu
617-363-8282
Peters Communications

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
PLOS Genetics
Identifying the source of stem cells
When most animals begin life, cells immediately begin accepting assignments to become a head, tail or a vital organ. However, mammals, including humans, are special. The cells of mammalian embryos get to make a different first choice -- to become the protective placenta or to commit to forming the baby.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Cell Reports
Blocking a fork in the road to DNA replication
A team of Whitehead Institute scientists has discovered the surprising manner in which an enigmatic protein known as SUUR acts to control gene copy number during DNA replication. It's a finding that could shed new light on the formation of fragile genomic regions associated with chromosomal abnormalities.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Matt Fearer
fearer@wi.mit.edu
617-452-4630
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Neuron
Why scratching makes you itch more
Turns out your mom was right: scratching an itch only makes it worse. New research from scientists at the Center for the Study of Itch at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis reveals that scratching causes the brain to release serotonin, which intensifies the itch sensation.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Science
Hygienic funerals, better protection for health workers offer best chance to stop Ebola
Hygienic funeral practices, case isolation, contact tracing with quarantines, and better protection for health care workers are the keys to stopping the Ebola epidemic that continues to expand in West Africa, researchers said today in a new report in the journal Science. They said broad implementation of aggressive measures they recommend could lead to its control in Liberia, the focal point, by mid-March.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jan Medlock
jan.medlock@oregonstate.edu
541-737-6874
Oregon State University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Molecular Cell
Rewiring cell metabolism slows colorectal cancer growth
A University of Utah-led study reports that cancers select against a protein complex called the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier, and re-introduction of MPC in colon cancer cells impairs several properties of cancer, including growth. The research, which appears online on Oct. 30 in Molecular Cell, implicates changes in a key step in metabolism -- the way cellular fuel is utilized -- as an important driver of colon cancer that is also likely to be important in many other cancer settings.
National Institutes of Health, Nora Eccles Treadwell Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
jkiefer@neuro.utah.edu
801-597-4258
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Science
Scripps Research Institute scientists capture picture of 'MicroRNA' in action
Biologists at The Scripps Research Institute have described the atomic-level workings of 'microRNA' molecules, which control the expression of genes in all animals and plants. The findings add greatly to the understanding of a fundamental system of regulation in biology, and should accelerate the development of therapies that harness its power.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Cell
What's mighty about the mouse? For starters, its massive Y chromosome
An exhaustive effort to sequence the mouse Y chromosome reveals a surprisingly large and complex biological beast, at the same time providing remarkable insight into a heated battle for supremacy between mammalian sex chromosomes.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Fearer
fearer@wi.mit.edu
617-452-4630
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Science
Genetic factors behind surviving or dying from Ebola shown in mouse study
A newly developed mouse model suggests that genetic factors are behind the mild-to-deadly range of responses to the Ebola virus. The frequency of different manifestations of the disease across the lines of these mice are similar in variety and proportion to the spectrum of clinical disease observed in the 2014 West African outbreak. The new mouse model might be useful in testing candidate therapeutics and vaccines for Ebola, and in finding genetic markers for susceptibility and resistance to the disease.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Office of NIH Director

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature
First detailed picture of a cancer-related cell enzyme in action on a chromosome unit
New insight into the function of an enzyme related to the BRCA1 breast-cancer protein is published in this week's issue of Nature. The study produced the first detailed working image of an enzyme in a group that is associated with many types of cancer. The researchers obtained the first crystal structure of a gene-regulation enzyme working on a nucleosome. The image reveals previously unknown information about how the enzyme attaches to its nucleosome target.
National Institutes of Health, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Penn State University

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Survival rates in pediatric umbilical cord transplants may indicate a new standard of care
A new standard of care for children facing acute myeloid leukemia may be clear, following a multi-year study published in the latest edition of the New England Journal of Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Schizophrenia Research
EEG test to help understand and treat schizophrenia
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have validated an EEG test to study and treat schizophrenia. The findings, published in two separate studies, offer a clinical test that could be used to help diagnose persons at risk for developing mental illness later in life, as well as an approach for measuring the efficacies of different treatment options.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, US Department of Veteran Affairs, and Veterans Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
HIV Research for Prevention (HIV R4P) Conference
Women who took part in VOICE speak up about why they didn't use HIV prevention products
Many of the women at first acted surprised. Some insisted the blood tests were wrong. But then most conveyed to researchers in individual interviews and focus groups why they hadn't used the study products assigned to them as participants in VOICE, a large HIV prevention trial that, as a likely consequence, did not find any of the three products that were tested to be effective, reported the research team at HIV R4P.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Rossi
rossil@upmc.edu
412-916-3315
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature
In autoimmune diseases, researchers pinpoint genetic risks, cellular culprits
Scores of autoimmune diseases afflicting one in 12 Americans -- ranging from type 1 diabetes, to multiple sclerosis, to rheumatoid arthritis, to asthma -- mysteriously cause the immune system to harm tissues within our own bodies. Now, a new study pinpoints the complex genetic origins for many of these diseases, a discovery that may lead to better diagnosis and ultimately to improved treatments.
National Institutes of Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Pete Farley
peter.farley@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Affordable Care Act Medicare payment reforms improve patient experiences
Patients enrolled in Accountable Care Organizations reported improved experiences with care compared to the overall Medicare population.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, John and Laura Arnold Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Beeson Career Development Program

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature
Scripps Research Institute scientists make enzyme that could help explain origins of life
Mimicking natural evolution in a test tube, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised an enzyme with a unique property that might have been crucial to the origin of life on Earth. Aside from illuminating one possible path for life's beginnings, the achievement is likely to yield a powerful tool for evolving new and useful molecules.
NASA, The Simons Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature
Molecular map reveals genetic origins of 21 autoimmune diseases
Scientists have created a molecular map that pinpoints genetic variants that play a role in 21 different autoimmune diseases, they report Oct. 29 in the journal Nature.
National Institutes of Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Bill Hathaway
william.hathaway@yale.edu
203-432-1322
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Four years in, payment model lowers medical spending, improves care
Enrollees in a Massachusetts global budget health care plan had smaller increases in medical spending and larger increases in quality of care over the first four years of the contract when compared to similar individuals in other states.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research Fellowship in Aging and Health Economics, Charles H. Hood Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Contamination likely explains 'food genes in blood' claim
Laboratory contaminants likely explain the results of a recent study claiming that complete genes can pass from foods we eat into our blood, according to a University of Michigan molecular biologist who re-examined data from the controversial research paper.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Autism after high school: Making the transition
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded a grant to University of Kentucky College of Education Professor Lisa Ruble and a team of co-investigators to find ways to help reduce or eliminate the disconnect from needed services that often occurs when students with autism complete school.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jenny Wells
jenny.wells@uky.edu
859-257-5343
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Genome sequenced of enterovirus D68 circulating in St. Louis
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have sequenced the genome of enterovirus D68 sampled from patients treated at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Nationwide, the virus has spread rapidly in recent months and caused severe respiratory illness in young children, with some patients requiring hospitalization.
National Institutes of Health, Alan A. and Edith L. Wolff Distinguished Professorship at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Animal study suggests heavy drinking in adolescence associated with lasting brain changes
Heavy drinking during adolescence may lead to structural changes in the brain and memory deficits that persist into adulthood, according to an animal study published October 29 in The Journal of Neuroscience. The study found that, even as adults, rats given daily access to alcohol during adolescence had reduced levels of myelin -- the fatty coating on nerve fibers that accelerates the transmission of electrical signals between neurons.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Emily Ortman
media@sfn.org
202-962-4090
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Adolescent binge drinking reduces brain myelin, impairs cognitive and behavioral control
Binge drinking can have lasting effects on brain pathways that are still developing during adolescence, say neuroscience researcher Heather N. Richardson and her colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Louisiana State University. Results of their study using a rodent model of adolescent drinking appear in the Oct. 29 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience,
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3540.

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