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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3424.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Evolution depends on rare chance events, 'molecular time travel' experiments show
While historians can only speculate on what might have been, a team of evolutionary biologists studying ancient proteins has turned speculation into experiment. They resurrected an ancient ancestor of an important human protein as it existed hundreds of millions of years ago and then used biochemical methods to generate and characterize a huge number of alternative histories that could have ensued from that ancient starting point.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Neuroimage: Clinical
Portable brain-mapping device allows UT Arlington researchers to 'see' where memory fails
A published paper details the use of functional near infrared spectroscopy to map brain activity responses during cognitive activities.
National Institutes of Health, Hogg Foundation, US Department of Education, Dallas Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Study finds difference in way bipolar disorder affects brains of children versus adults
A new study from Bradley Hospital has found that bipolar children have greater activation in the right amygdala -- a brain region very important for emotional reaction -- than bipolar adults when viewing emotional faces. The study, now published online in JAMA Psychiatry, suggests that bipolar children might benefit from treatments that target emotional face identification, such as computer based 'brain games' or group and individual therapy.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jill Reuter

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
U of MD researchers receive NIH grant to study personalized medicine for genetic diabetes
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a four-year, $3.7 million grant to researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine to develop a personalized medicine program to help doctors diagnose and treat monogenic diabetes -- a form of diabetes caused by a mutation in a single gene. The study will evaluate methods to implement this program in various health care settings, with an objective to develop a model for caring for patients with genetic variations of other common diseases.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Karen Warmkessel
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn team links placental marker of prenatal stress to brain mitochondrial dysfunction
New findings by University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine scientists suggest that an enzyme found in the placenta is likely playing an important role in translating stress experienced by a mother early in pregnancy into a reprogramming of her developing baby's brain.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Scripps Research Institute scientists reveal molecular 'yin-yang' of blood vessel growth
Biologists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a crucial process that regulates the development of blood vessels. The finding could lead to new treatments for disorders involving abnormal blood vessel growth, including common disorders such as diabetic retinopathy and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Foundation for Cancer Research

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Bioengineer receives $2.9 million grant to improve brain implants
Less than two years ago, a brain-computer interface designed at the University of Pittsburgh allowed Jan Scheuermann to control a robotic arm solely with her thoughts. Using the arm to bring a chocolate bar to her mouth and taking a bite was a sweet victory for Scheuermann, who has quadriplegia.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joe Miksch
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Unlocking the therapeutic potential of SLC13 transporters
A new study provides the first functional analysis of a member of a family of transporter proteins implicated in diabetes, obesity, and lifespan, potentially providing the key that will enable researchers to unlock their therapeutic potential.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
NJIT researchers probe links between vision problems and cognition in a pioneering study
The ability to perceive the world in three dimensions and to see clearly at near and far ranges is coordinated by key eye motor functions, including a mechanism called convergence and accommodation that allows us to see objects at different spatial depths by controlling two sets of muscles to reduce double and blurry vision.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tanya Klein
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Frontiers in Psychology
Kids whose time is less structured are better able to meet their own goals
Children who spend more time in less structured activities -- from playing outside to reading books to visiting the zoo -- are better able to set their own goals and take actions to meet those goals without prodding from adults, according to a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Yuko Munakata
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Developmental Science
When it comes to numbers, culture counts
MIT study finds that in a Bolivian rainforest society, children learn to count just like in the US, but on a delayed timetable.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Expert awarded $8.5 million to enlist African-American barbers in fight against hypertension
A Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute physician has been awarded an $8.5 million grant aimed at enlisting African-American barbers in the fight against hypertension, a deadly condition that can cause strokes, heart attacks and organ failure, and which is particularly devastating to African-American men.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Sally Stewart
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Genes & Development
Genomic 'dark matter' of embryonic lungs controls proper development of airways
Researchers have identified hundreds of long non-coding RNAs expressed in developing and adult lungs. Many of these non-protein-coding RNAs in the lung regulate gene expression by opening and closing the DNA scaffolding on neighboring genes.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Broken gene found to protect against heart disease
By scouring the DNA of thousands of patients, researchers at the Broad Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, and their colleagues have discovered four rare gene mutations that not only lower the levels of triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood, but also significantly reduce a person's risk of coronary heart disease -- dropping it by 40 percent. The mutations all cripple the same gene, APOC3, suggesting a powerful strategy in developing new drugs against heart disease.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Haley Bridger
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Supplements of calcium and vitamin D may have too much for some older women
Calcium and vitamin D are commonly recommended for older women, but the usual supplements may send calcium excretion and blood levels too high for some of them, shows a new study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Office of Dietary Supplements

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
International Journal of Epidemiology
Job loss linked with higher incidence of depression in Americans compared with Europeans
A new study published online in the International Journal of Epidemiology today shows that while job loss is associated with depressive symptoms in both the USA and Europe, the effects of job loss due to plant closure are much stronger in American workers as compared with European workers.
European Research Council, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kirsty Doole
Oxford University Press

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Families with an autistic child are a third less likely to have more kids
Parents who have a child with autism spectrum disorder are about one third less likely to have more children than families without an affected child, according to a study led by a UC San Francisco researcher.
University of California San Francsisco Institute for Human Genetics, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
British Medical Journal
Unintended danger from antidepressant warnings
Following 2003 FDA warnings about a potential danger to young people taking antidepressants, antidepressant use plummeted and attempted suicide by psychotropic drug poisoning increased proportionally by 22 percent.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Cancer Immunology Research
Vaccine 'reprograms' pancreatic cancers to respond to immunotherapy
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed and tested a vaccine that triggered the growth of immune cell nodules within pancreatic tumors, essentially reprogramming these intractable cancers and potentially making them vulnerable to immune-based therapies.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Michelle Potter
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Fight-or-flight chemical prepares cells to shift brain from subdued to alert
A new study from The Johns Hopkins University shows that the brain cells surrounding a mouse's neurons do much more than fill space. According to the researchers, the cells, called astrocytes because of their star-shaped appearance, can monitor and respond to nearby neural activity, but only after being activated by the fight-or-flight chemical norepinephrine. Because astrocytes can alter the activity of neurons, the findings suggest that astrocytes may help control the brain's ability to focus.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Journal of the American Heart Association
Depression linked to higher heart disease death risk in younger women
Women 55 and younger are twice as likely to suffer a heart attack, die or require artery-opening procedures if they're depressed. Women in this age group are also more likely than men and older women to suffer from depression -- possibly a 'hidden' risk factor that helps explain why more women die after a heart attack.
National Institutes of Health, Emory Heart and Vascular Center

Contact: Darcy Spitz
American Heart Association

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint how genetic mutation causes early brain damage
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shed light on how a specific kind of genetic mutation can cause damage during early brain development that results in lifelong learning and behavioral disabilities. The work suggests new possibilities for therapeutic intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Califronia, Irvine, State of Florida

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
UC Irvine Health receives NIH award to study kidney disease, track treatment methods
UC Irvine Health will use a $3.4 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to examine the 'Transition of Care in Chronic Kidney Disease.'
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive & Kidney Diseases

Contact: John Murray
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics
Study shows race a factor in mortality in heart attack patients on anti-clotting drug
Researchers have identified the first genetic variations linked to race that begin to explain a higher risk of death among some African American and Caucasian patients taking the anti-clotting drug clopidogrel after a heart attack.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
$2.4 million NIH center grant to develop a cleaner, healthier environment in Detroit
With over $2.4 million in new federal funding, Wayne State University researchers, regional collaborators at Henry Ford Health System, the University of Michigan and Michigan State University, and community partners will study how exposures to stressors that are prevalent in the urban industrialized environment -- both chemical and non-chemical -- impact human health in Detroit and beyond.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Showing releases 276-300 out of 3424.

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