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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3538.

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Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Toxin from brain cells triggers neuron loss in human ALS model
In most cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease, a toxin released by cells that normally nurture neurons in the brain and spinal cord can trigger loss of the nerve cells affected in the disease, Columbia researchers reported today in the online edition of the journal Neuron.
National Institutes of Health, Project ALS, P2ALS, ALS Association,Muscular Dystrophy Association,Parkinson's Disease Foundation

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Brain, Behavior and Immunity
Immune system 'overdrive' in pregnant women puts male child at risk for brain disorders
Johns Hopkins researchers report that fetal mice -- especially males -- show signs of brain damage that lasts into their adulthood when they are exposed in the womb to a maternal immune system kicked into high gear by a serious infection or other malady. The findings suggest that some neurologic diseases in humans could be similarly rooted in prenatal exposure to inflammatory immune responses.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Cell Reports
A key facilitator of mRNA editing uncovered by IU researchers
Molecular biologists from Indiana University are part of a team that has identified a protein that regulates the information present in a large number of messenger ribonucleic acid molecules that are important for carrying genetic information from DNA to protein synthesis.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Sloan Foundation, Showalter Foundation, Indiana University School of Medicine

Contact: Steve Chaplin
Indiana University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Analytical Chemistry
Quick test finds signs of diarrheal disease
Bioengineers at Rice University have developed a simple, highly sensitive and efficient test for the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis that could have great impact in developing countries.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
A microchip for metastasis
A new microfluidic platform shows how cancer cells invade specific organs.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Italian Ministry of Health

Contact: Kimberly Allen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Current Biology
Research on pigeon color reveals mutation hotspot
University of Texas at Arlington researchers worked in parallel with researchers at the University of Utah to examine three genes that control multiple color phenotypes, or appearances, in pigeons. The UT Arlington team found two independent deletions of regulatory sequences near the Sox10 gene produce "recessive red" pigmentation. These mutations happened at different points in evolution, and researchers believe it is no coincidence they hit the same spot.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Huntsman Cancer Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Decoding dengue and West Nile: Researchers take steps toward control of health proble
Dengue fever and West Nile fever are mosquito-borne diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year, but there is no vaccine against either of the related viruses.
National Institutes of Health, Martha L. Ludwig Professorship of Protein Structure and Function, Pew

Contact: Laura J. Williams
University of Michigan

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Early treatment with AED reduces duration of febrile seizures
New research shows that children with febrile status epilepticus who receive earlier treatment with antiepileptic drugs experience a reduction in the duration of the seizure. The study published in Epilepsia, a journal of the International League Against Epilepsy, suggests that a standard Emergency Medical Services treatment protocol for febrile status epilepticus is needed in the US.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Powerful bacterial immune response defined by new study
A previously undefined T-cell immune response to rapid infections by bacteria like Salmonella and Chlamydia is described here, helping pave the way for development of vaccines and therapeutics.
National Institutes of Health, Vietnam Education Foundation

Contact: Pat Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
The ultimate decoy: Scientists find protein that helps bacteria misdirect immune system
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has discovered an unusual bacterial protein that attaches to virtually any antibody and prevents it from binding to its target. Protein M, as it is called, probably helps some bacteria evade the immune response and establish long-term infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Cell Stem Cell
Scientists reprogram skin cells into insulin-producing pancreas cells
A cure for type 1 diabetes has long eluded even the top experts. Not because they do not know what must be done -- but because the tools did not exist to do it. But now scientists at the Gladstone Institutes, harnessing the power of regenerative medicine, have developed a technique in animal models that could replenish the very cells destroyed by the disease.
Roddenberry Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Holden
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Current Biology
Birds of a different color
Scientists at the University of Utah identified mutations in three key genes that determine feather color in domestic rock pigeons. The same genes control pigmentation of human skin, and mutations in them can be responsible for melanoma and albinism.
National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Foundation, Tom C. Mathews Jr. Familial Melanoma Research Clinic Endowment

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Cell Stem Cell
Bundles of nerves and arteries provide wealth of new stem cell information
A new Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC study not only uncovers new details on how bundles of nerves and arteries interact with stem cells but also showcases revolutionary techniques for following the cells as they function in living animals.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Beth Newcomb
University of Southern California

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Monkeys that eat omega-3 rich diet show more developed brain networks
Monkeys that ate a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids had brains with highly connected and well organized neural networks -- in some ways akin to the neural networks in healthy humans -- while monkeys that ate a diet deficient in the fatty acids had much more limited brain networking, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Fighting Blindness

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Mechanism discovered for how amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mutations damage nerve function
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led a study showing that mutations in a gene responsible for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disrupt the RNA transport system in nerve cells. The findings appear in the current issue of the scientific journal Neuron and offer a new focus for efforts to develop effective treatments.
Packard Foundation, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Association, National Institutes of health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Mental Health in Family Medicine
Rural primary care physicians offer insight into rural women's health care
Women living in rural communities are less likely than urban-dwelling women to receive sufficient mental health care, in large part due to limited access to services and societal stigma, according to medicine and public health researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Longevity mutation found in flies far and wide
To date, evidence that mutations in a gene called Indy could increase life span in flies and mimic calorie restriction in mammals has come only from experiments in the lab. A new study finds that the same benefit is present in naturally Indy-mutated flies descended from flies collected in the wild all over the world and going back decades.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Fewer than half of women attend recommended doctors visits after childbirth
Medical associations widely recommend that women visit their obstetricians and primary care doctors shortly after giving birth, but slightly fewer than half make or keep those postpartum appointments, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Penn study reveals genetics impact risk of early menopause among some female smokers
New research is lighting up yet another reason for women to quit smoking. In a study published online in the journal Menopause, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report the first evidence showing that smoking causes earlier signs of menopause -- in the case of heavy smokers, up to nine years earlier than average -- in white women with certain genetic variations.
National Institutes of Health, Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Nerve block eases troublesome hot flashes
Injecting a little anesthetic near a nerve bundle in the neck cut troublesome hot flashes significantly, shows a new randomized, controlled trial published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society. The technique could give women who cannot or prefer not to take hormones or other medications an effective treatment alternative.
Northwestern University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Scientists create potential vaccine ingredient for childhood respiratory disease
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a new method for designing artificial proteins and have used it to make key ingredients for a candidate vaccine against a dangerous virus, respiratory syncytial virus, a significant cause of infant mortality. The virus has been resistant to current vaccine-design strategies.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Science Translational Medicine
New analysis of endometriosis could help diagnoses, treatments
MIT researchers find that new analysis of endometriosis patients could help scientists develop better treatments and more revealing diagnoses.
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Simulated blindness can help revive hearing, researchers find
Minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
A short stay in darkness may heal hearing woes
Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind learns to hear things others cannot. Researchers know that young brains are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University have shown the brains of adult mice can also be re-wired, compensating for vision loss by improving their hearing. This may lead to treatments for human hearing loss.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
University of Maryland

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Scientific Reports
Gene that influences receptive joint attention in chimpanzees gives insight into autism
Following another's gaze or looking in the direction someone is pointing, two examples of receptive joint attention, is significantly heritable according to new study results, which give researchers insight into the biology of disorders such as autism.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3538.

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