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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3445.

<< < 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 > >>

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Oncogenic signatures mapped in TCGA a guide for the development of personalized therapy
Clinical trial design for new cancer therapies has historically been focused on the tissue of origin of a tumor, but a paper from researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center published in Nature Genetics supports a new approach: one based on the genomic signature of a tumor rather than the tissue of origin in the body.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Caitlin Hool
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Joslin identifies immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes
Joslin researchers have identified immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Turkish Diabetes, Obesity and Nutrition Association

Contact: Jeffrey Bright
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
New survey of DNA alterations could aid search for cancer genes
Scanning the DNA of nearly 5,000 tumor samples, a team led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute has identified 140 regions of scrambled genetic code believed to contain many undiscovered cancer genes. Mapping of the abnormal regions gives cancer scientists a starting point from which to search for as-yet undiscovered oncogenes and broken tumor-suppressor genes.
National Institutes of Health, V Foundation, Pediatric Low-Grade Astrocytoma Foundation

Contact: Bill Schaller
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Addiction Biology
IU research attributes high rates of smoking among mentally ill to addiction vulnerability
People with mental illness smoke at much higher rates than the overall population. But the popular belief that they are self-medicating is most likely wrong, according to researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine. Instead, they report, research indicates that psychiatric disease makes the brain more susceptible to addiction.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Schoch
Indiana University

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
New breast cancer imaging technique could cut down on false positives
A joint BYU-Utah research team is developing a new breast cancer screening technique that has the potential to reduce false positives, and, possibly, minimize the need for invasive biopsies. The group has created an MRI device that could improve both the process and accuracy of breast cancer screening by scanning for sodium levels in the breast.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Duke Medicine selected as new site for competitive vaccine and treatment research program
Duke Medicine has been named a Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Unit by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to evaluate vaccines, treatments and diagnostics to protect people from infectious diseases, including emerging public health needs.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Abuse, lack of parental warmth in childhood linked to multiple health risks in adulthood
A new study for the first time examines the effects of abuse and lack of parental affection across the body's entire regulatory system, and finds a strong biological link for how negative early life experiences affect physical health.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Cancer Discovery
In prostate cancer prognosis, telomere length may matter
Like the plastic caps at the end of shoelaces, telomeres protect -- in their case -- the interior-gene containing parts of chromosomes that carry a cell's instructional material. Cancer cells are known to have short telomeres, but just how short they are from cancer cell to cancer cell may be a determining factor in a prostate cancer patient's prognosis, according to a study led by Johns Hopkins scientists.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
NIH taps Saint Louis University as 1 of 9 Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units
One of nine centers selected by the NIH to evaluate new vaccines, Saint Louis University continues to be on the front line of protecting the health of our nation.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nancy Solomon
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
NIH expands Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units
A nationwide group of institutions that conducts clinical trials of promising candidate vaccines and therapies for infectious diseases, known as the Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units, has been awarded nine contracts to strengthen and broaden the scope of its research. Group Health Research Institute is one of these institutions.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Findings: How viral infection disrupts neural development in offspring, increasing risk of autism
Activating a mother's immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and damages the cells' ability to transmit signals and communicate with one another, researchers with the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Neurology have found.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Scripps Florida scientists develop a more effective molecular modeling process
A new method to produce accurate computer models of molecules, developed by scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute, combines existing formulas in a kind of algorithmic stew to gain a better picture of molecular structural diversity that is then used to eliminate errors and improve the final model.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
High-tech brain imaging seeks to unlock secrets of a genetic disease
A new grant funds state-of-the-art brain imaging research into the genetic disease mucopolysaccharidosis.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New gut bacterium discovered in termite's digestion of wood
When termites munch on wood, the small bits feed a community of microbes living in their guts. In a process called acetogenesis, some of these microbes turn the hard, fibrous material into a nutritious meal for the termite host. Researchers from the California Institute of Technology have now discovered a previously unidentified bacterium -- living on the surface of a larger microorganism in the gut -- that may be responsible for most gut acetogenesis.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
NIH renews funding for University of Maryland vaccine research
The University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Vaccine Development in Baltimore has won renewal of a contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to conduct basic and clinical vaccine research.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Bill Seiler
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scripps research institute scientists discover important wound-healing process
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered an important process by which special immune cells in the skin help heal wounds. They found that these skin-resident immune cells function as "first responders" to skin injuries in part by producing the molecule known as interleukin-17A, which wards off infection and promotes wound healing.
National Institutes of Health, Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft, Arbeitskreis Dermatologische Forschung

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Albert Einstein Cancer Center begins 40th year of continuous NIH support with $17 million grant
For the past four decades, scientists and clinicians at Albert Einstein Cancer Center (AECC) have made major contributions to research on many aspects of the cancer problem. With the recent renewal of the center's $16.7 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, AECC members will continue to investigate the underlying causes of cancer and new approaches to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
American Educational Research Journal
School outreach program may reduce African-American student mobility
Outreach programs that build relationships between families and schools may reduce the number of students who change schools for reasons other than grade promotion, according to a new study from researchers at Rice University, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Columbia University.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Study finds steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected
Certain anabolic steroids and pharmaceutical products last far longer in the environment than previously known, according to a new study led by the University of Iowa. The researchers found that the steroid trenbolone acetate, along with some other pharmaceutical products, never fully degrade in the environment, and in fact can partially regenerate themselves. Results published online in the journal Science.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Nature Medicine
UTSW study unlocks origin of brown fat cells important in weight maintenance
In ongoing research aimed at battling obesity, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have deciphered how new fat cells are formed in energy-storing fat pads.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Cell Reports
Made to order at the synapse: Dynamics of protein synthesis at neuron tip
Protein synthesis in nerve cell dendrites underlies long-term memory formation in the brain, among other functions. Knowing how proteins are made to order at the synapse can help researchers better understand how memories are made. RNA translation is dictated by translational hotspots, where translation is occurring in a ribosome at any one time in a discrete spot.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Ellison Foundation, National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders, Swedish Research Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Key cellular mechanism in the body's 'battery' can either spur or stop obesity
Becoming obese or remaining lean can depend on the dynamics of the mitochondria, the body's energy-producing "battery," according to two new studies by Yale School of Medicine researchers featured as the cover story in the Sept. 26 issue of the journal Cell.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, Helmholtz Society

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Bone hormone influences brain development and cognition
Researchers have found that the skeleton, acting through the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin, exerts a powerful influence on prenatal brain development and cognitive functions such as learning, memory, anxiety, and depression in adult mice. Findings from the mouse study could lead to new approaches to the prevention and treatment of neurologic disorders. The study was published today in the online edition of Cell.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Sanofi Aventis, Human Frontier Scientific Program, Director's Pioneer Award

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Pan-cancer studies find common patterns shared by different tumor types
Molecular analysis now shows that cancers of different organs have many shared features, while cancers from the same organ or tissue are often quite distinct. The Pan-Cancer Initiative, a major effort to analyze the molecular aberrations in cancer cells across a range of tumor types, has yielded an abundance of new findings.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
A genetic map for complex diseases
University of Chicago scientists have created one of the most expansive analyses to date of the genetic factors at play in complex diseases such as autism and heart disease by using diseases with known genetic causes to guide them. Identifying trends of co-occurrence among hundreds of diseases in 120 million patients, they created a unique genetic map that has the potential to help diagnose, identify risk factors for and someday develop therapies against complex diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3445.

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