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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3567.

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Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
National Institutes of Health awards Mount Sinai contract to further influenza research
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has awarded a team of researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai for the Center on Influenza Pathogenesis. This center is one of five centers participating in the Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sid Dinsay
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Researchers discover possible new target to attack flu virus
Scientists at the University of Texas at Austin have discovered that a protein produced by the influenza A virus helps it outwit one of our body's natural defense mechanisms. That makes the protein a potentially good target for antiviral drugs directed against the influenza A virus.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Nature Immunology
Enzyme revealed as promising target to treat asthma and cancer
In experiments with mice, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have identified an enzyme involved in the regulation of immune system T cells that could be a useful target in treating asthma and boosting the effects of certain cancer therapies.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Vermont study addresses treatments for waited-listed opioid-dependent individuals
A new University of Vermont study focuses on the development of a novel interim treatment program featuring five components to help opioid-dependent Vermonters bridge challenging waitlist delays.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
University of Vermont

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Yeast provides genetic clues on drug response
Why do people respond differently to the same drug? For the first time, researchers have untangled genetic and environmental factors related to drug reactions, bringing us a step closer to predicting how a drug will affect us.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Amos
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Chemistry & Biology
Enzyme 'wrench' could be key to stronger, more effective antibiotics
Builders and factory workers know that getting a job done right requires precision and specialized tools. The same is true when you're building antibiotic compounds at the molecular level. New findings from North Carolina State University may turn an enzyme that acts as a specialized 'wrench' in antibiotic assembly into a set of wrenches that will allow for greater customization.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
How the brain pays attention
MIT neuroscientists identify a brain circuit that's key to shifting our focus from one object to another.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Planaria deploy an ancient gene expression program in the course of organ regeneration
In the April 15, 2014, issue of the online journal eLife, Stowers Institute for Medical Research Investigator Alejandro Sanchez Alvarado and colleagues report the identification of genes that worms use to rebuild an amputated pharynx.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Kim Bland, Ph.D.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
American Journal of Public Health
HIV battle must focus on hard-hit streets, paper argues
When it comes to HIV, geography can be destiny, argue authors of a new article in the American Journal of Public Health. The epidemic has become heavily concentrated in poor urban neighborhoods where people are less likely to be tested and treated, creating more risk that the virus will spread. New prevention efforts should focus on neighborhoods.
National Institutes of Health, California HIV Research Program, and Gilead Sciences HIV focus program

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
Penn study finds mechanism that regulates lung function in disease Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome
Researchers at Penn Medicine have discovered that the tumor suppressor gene folliculin is essential to normal lung function in patients with the rare disease Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects the lungs, skin and kidneys. Folliculin's absence or mutated state has a cascading effect that leads to deteriorated lung integrity and an impairment of lung function, as reported in their findings in Cell Reports.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Yale researchers search for earliest roots of psychiatric disorders
Now, Yale University researchers have identified a single molecular mechanism in the developing brain that sheds light on how cells may go awry when exposed to a variety of different environmental insults. The findings, to be published in the May 7 issue of the journal Neuron, suggest that different types of stressors prenatally activate a single molecular trigger in brain cells that may make exposed individuals susceptible to late-onset neuropsychiatric disorders.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Researchers determine how mechanical forces affect T-cell recognition and signaling
Researchers have developed a new understanding of the T-cell recognition process by describing how T-cell receptors use mechanical contact -- the forces involved in their binding to the antigens -- to make decisions about whether or not the cells they encounter are threats.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Cell Metabolism
Lactate metabolism target halts growth in lung cancer model
A team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has found that an enzyme responsible for the final step of glucose metabolism not only halts tumor growth in non-small-cell lung cancer, but actually leads to regression of established tumors.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Getting to the root of Parkinson's disease
Working with human neurons and fruit flies, researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified and then shut down a biological process that appears to trigger a particular form of Parkinson's disease present in a large number of patients. A report on the study, in the April 10 issue of the journal Cell, could lead to new treatments for this disorder.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, JPB Foundation, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Adrienne Helis Malvin Medical Research Foundation, Diana Helis Henry Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Wiring for smell sets up early, then persists
A new study in Science reveals that the fundamental wiring of the olfactory system in mice sets up shortly after birth and then remains stable but adaptable. The research highlights how important early development can be throughout life and provides insights that may be important in devising regenerative medical therapies in the nervous system.
National Institutes of Health, Pew Scholar in Biomedical Sciences

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Team solves decades-old mystery of how cells keep from bursting
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has identified a long-sought protein that facilitates one of the most basic functions of cells: regulating their volume to keep from swelling excessively.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
CU researchers unraveling what's behind the sniffles, hoping for a treatment
Scientists at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have shed light on one of the most common of ailments -- the runny nose. Understanding the cause could lead to a cure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dan Meyers
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
NCI award supports access to national clinical trials to test new treatment for adults
UT Southwestern has been selected as one of only 30 academic sites in the NCI National Clinical Trials Network, giving UTSW patients access to the cancer research trials sponsored by the NCI.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Patrick McGee
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
TGen identifies growth factor receptors that may prompt metastatic spread of lung cancer
Two cell surface receptors might be responsible for the most common form of lung cancer spreading to other parts of the body, according to a study by the Translational Genomics Research Institute. The hepatocyte growth factor receptor and fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 are proteins associated with the potential spread of non-small cell lung cancer, according to the TGen study published online April 8 by the scientific journal Clinical & Experimental Metastasis.
National Institutes of Health, St. Joseph's Foundation, American Lung Association

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
UCLA/RAND community research team win prestigious translational science award
A team of community leaders and researchers from UCLA and RAND has been awarded the 2014 Joint Team Science Award in recognition of a 10-year effort to conduct community engaged, population-based translational science to improve care for depression in low-income areas.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
American Journal of Kidney Diseases
Vigilance for kidney problems key for rheumatoid arthritis patients
Rheumatoid arthritis patients are likelier than the average person to develop chronic kidney disease, and more severe inflammation in the first year of rheumatoid arthritis, corticosteroid use, high blood pressure and obesity are among the risk factors, new Mayo Clinic research shows.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Sharon Theimer
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
UC-led research finds chips with olestra cause body toxins to dip
According to a clinical trial led by University of Cincinnati researchers, a snack food ingredient called olestra has been found to speed up the removal of toxins in the body.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Koenig
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Synthetic collagen promotes natural clotting
Synthetic collagen invented at Rice University may help wounds heal by directing the natural clotting of blood.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Grant awarded to study impact of pain medication exposure in the womb on developing brain
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a $472,500 Cutting Edge Basic Research Award by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to study models of the brain development of newborns who have been exposed -- and become addicted -- to prescription pain medication while still in the womb.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Bone marrow stem cells show promise in stroke treatment, UCI team finds
Stem cells culled from bone marrow may prove beneficial in stroke recovery, scientists at UC Irvine's Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center have learned.
National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3567.

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