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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3492.

<< < 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 > >>

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain connectivity study reveals striking differences between men and women
A new brain connectivity study from Penn Medicine published today in the Proceedings of National Academies of Sciences found striking differences in the neural wiring of men and women that's lending credence to some commonly-held beliefs about their behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Key found to restoring 'exhausted' HIV-fighting immune cells
Researchers have identified a protein that causes loss of function in immune cells combating HIV. The scientists report in a paper appearing online Dec. 2 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation that the protein, Sprouty-2, is a promising target for future HIV drug development, since disabling it could help restore the cells' ability to combat the virus that causes AIDS.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Veterans Affairs, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
The Affordable Care Act: Translational research experiment to improve health
An editorial by Harry P. Selker, M.D., MS.P.H., William H. Frist, M.D., and Stuart Altman, Ph.D., published in the Nov. 27 issue of Science Translational Medicine says the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is an example of the role of experimentation in improving health at the public policy level.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Amy West
Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mount Sinai study: Age-related cognitive decline linked to energy in synapses in prefrontal cortex
Mount Sinai scientists have demonstrated that synaptic health in the brain is closely linked to cognitive decline, and that estrogen restores synaptic health and also improves working memory.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Johanna Younghans
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Secrets to 'extreme adaptation' found in Burmese python genome
The Burmese python's ability to ramp up its metabolism and enlarge its organs to swallow and digest prey whole can be traced to unusually rapid evolution and specialized adaptations of its genes and the way they work, an international team of biologists says in a new paper set to be published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Todd Castoe, of the University of Texas at Arlington, is lead author.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, 454 Life Sciences

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Air pollution and genetics combine to increase risk for autism
Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, MIND Institute, Autism Speaks

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Cell Biology
Silent RNAs express themselves in ALS disease
RNA molecules, used by cells to make proteins, are generally thought to be "silent" when stowed in cytoplasmic granules. But a protein mutated in some ALS patients forms granules that permit translation of stored RNAs. The finding identifies a new mechanism that could contribute to the pathology of the disease.
National Institutes of Health, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
Specific heart contractions could predict atrial fibrillation
A commonly used heart monitor may be a simple tool for predicting the risk of atrial fibrillation, the most frequently diagnosed type of irregular heart rhythm, according to researchers at UC San Francisco.
American Heart Association, Joseph Drown Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leland Kim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Developmental Science
Messy children make better learners
Parents, let your children get messy in the high chair. They learn better that way. That's according to a new study from the University of Iowa, which concludes that a 16-month-old's setting and degree of interaction enhances his or her ability to identify nonsolid objects and name them. Results published in the journal Developmental Science.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Blocking antioxidants in cancer cells reduces tumor growth in mice
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Navdeep Chandel and colleagues from Northwestern University report the effects of a SOD1 pharmacological inhibitor on non-small-cell lung cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health, LUNGevity Foundation, Consortium of Independent Lung Health Organizations

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Predicting outcome for high-dose IL-2 therapy in cancer patients
Previous studies indicate that regulatory T cell (Treg) populations increase in patients undergoing HD IL-2 therapy, and in this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Lazlo Radvanyi and colleagues at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center performed an in depth analysis of Treg populations in melanoma patients undergoing HD IL-2 therapy.
Prometheus Therapeutics and Diagnostics, Novartis, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 1-Dec-2013
Nature Nanotechnology
'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins
Nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore-forming toxin produced by MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin. This "nanosponge vaccine" enabled the immune systems of mice to block the adverse effects of the alpha-haemolysin toxin from MRSA -- both within the bloodstream and on the skin. Nanoengineers from UC San Diego described the safety and efficacy of this nanosponge vaccine in the Dec. 1 issue of Nature Nanotechnology.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Kane
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
Science Signaling
Methylation signaling controls angiogenesis and cancer growth
A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine demonstrates a new mechanism involving a signaling protein and its receptor that may block the formation of new blood vessels and cancer growth. The findings are published in the December issue of Science Signaling.
National Institutes of Health, Massachusetts Lions Foundation

Contact: Jenny Eriksen
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
Memories are 'geotagged' with spatial information, Penn researchers say
Using a video game in which people navigate through a town delivering objects, a team of neuroscientists from the University of Pennsylvania and Freiburg University has discovered how brain cells that encode spatial information form "geotags" for specific memories and are activated immediately before those memories are recalled. Their work shows how spatial information is incorporated into memories and why remembering an experience can bring to mind other events that happened in the same place.
National Institutes of Health, German Research Foundation, German Federal Ministry of Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
Quantitative approaches provide new perspective on development of antibiotic resistance
Using quantitative models of bacterial growth, a team of UC San Diego biophysicists has discovered the bizarre way by which antibiotic resistance allows bacteria to multiply in the presence of antibiotics, a growing health problem in hospitals and nursing homes across the United States.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
Fruit flies with better sex lives live longer
Sexually frustrated fruit flies live shorter lives.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
Scripps Research Institute scientists achieve most detailed picture ever of key part of hepatitis C
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have determined the most detailed picture yet of a crucial part of the hepatitis C virus, which the virus uses to infect liver cells. The new data reveal unexpected structural features of this protein and should greatly speed efforts to make an effective hepatitis C vaccine.
National Institutes of Health, Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Nov-2013
High cholesterol fuels the growth and spread of breast cancer
A byproduct of cholesterol functions like the hormone estrogen to fuel the growth and spread of the most common types of breast cancers, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Sorting good germs from bad, in the bacterial world
There are good E. coli and bad E. coli. Some live in your gut and help you keep healthy, others can cause serious disease -- even death. For pathologists, telling them apart has been a long and laborious task sometimes taking days. New technology, developed in the lab of Mark Hayes at Arizona State University, using microscale electric field gradients now can tell the difference between good and bad bacteria in minutes from extremely small samples.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jenny Green
Arizona State University

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Perspectives on Psychological Science
Study of young parents highlights links among stress, poverty and ethnicity
An avalanche of chronic stress affecting poor mothers and fathers is revealed in new data from a comprehensive national, federally funded study.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Nature Cell Biology
MD Anderson researchers identify a rescuer for vital tumor-suppressor
The tumor-suppessing protein PTEN is absent in many cancers, yet defects in the PTEN gene do not account for this disappearance. MD Anderson researchers identified an enzyme that keep PTEN from being fed to the cell's protein-recycling mechanism.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas

Contact: Scott Merville
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Circadian timing may give edge to West Coast NFL teams in night games
A new analysis of National Football League results suggests that the body's natural circadian timing gives a performance advantage to West Coast teams when they play East Coast teams at night.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Scientists work to engineer an injectable therapy for rotator cuff injuries
A research team at Georgia Tech is attempting to engineer an injectable therapy for the shoulder's supraspinatus tendon, a rotator cuff tendon that is commonly torn in sports. When the tendon is damaged, the body makes things worse by activating enzymes that further break down the tendon. The scientists hope to develop an injectable compound that would deliver an inhibitor capable of blocking these enzymes, thereby reducing the severity of the injury or even healing the tissue.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Pills of the future: Nanoparticles
Researchers at MIT and BWH design drug-carrying nanoparticles that can be taken orally instead of being injected.
Koch-Prostate Cancer Foundation Award in Nanotherapeutics, NIH/National Cancer Institute Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Program of Excellence in Nanotechnology Award, and others

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Nov-2013
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Negative BRCA testing may not always imply lowered breast cancer risk
Women who are members of families with BRCA2 mutations but who test negative for the family-specific BRCA2 mutations are still at greater risk for developing breast cancer compared with women in the general population, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Showing releases 2876-2900 out of 3492.

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