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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3701.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Journal of Physiology
Researchers study role of hydrogen sulfide in regulating blood pressure
Widely considered simply a malodorous toxic gas, hydrogen sulfide is now being studied for its probable role in regulating blood pressure, according to researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
IUPUI biologist receives NIH grant to study how glaucoma develops in stem cells
Jason Meyer, Ph.D., assistant professor of biology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, has received a National Institutes of Health grant to study how glaucoma develops in stem cells created from skin cells genetically predisposed to the disease. The five-year, $1.8 million grant is funded by the NIH's National Eye Institute.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Candace Gwaltney
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Movement Disorders
Statins may not lower Parkinson's risk
The use of statins may not be associated with lowering risk for Parkinson's disease, according to a new study led by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The findings cast doubts on reports suggesting that the cholesterol-lowering medications may protect against this neurodegenerative brain disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Solovey
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
UW ophthalmologists help demonstrate effectiveness of diabetic macular edema treatments
An ophthalmology research team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison took part in a nationwide clinical trial comparing treatments for a form of diabetic eye disease. The study found that three commonly used drugs perform much the same for those with mild vision problems, but one medication performed better for those with more serious vision loss.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emily Kumlien
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Journal for Nurse Practitioners
Mobile app with evidence-based decision support diagnoses more obesity, smoking, and depression, Columbia Nursing study finds
Smartphones and tablets may hold the key to getting more nurses to diagnose patients with chronic health issues like obesity, smoking, and depression -- three of the leading causes of preventable death and disability.
NIH/National Institute for Nursing Research

Contact: Lisa Rapaport
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
$8 million grant to fund Rat Genome Database at MCW
The Medical College of Wisconsin has received a four-year, $8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to fund the Rat Genome Database, a unique, globally-accessible collection of data from ongoing rat genetic and genomic research efforts.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Maureen Mack
Medical College of Wisconsin

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
A dog lives on; now the stage is being set for treating humans
The National Cancer Institute has awarded Scott Verbridge, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering and mechanics at Virginia Tech, a $386,149 research grant to move a process that has been used in clinical trials a step closer to using on humans. Verbridge will lead a research team focusing on targeting and destroying the most therapy-resistant infiltrative cells in malignant glioma.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Proteins pull together as cells divide
Like a surgeon separating conjoined twins, cells have to be careful to get everything just right when they divide in two. Successful cell division hangs on the formation of a dip called a cleavage furrow, a process that has remained mysterious. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that no single molecular architect directs the cleavage furrow's formation; rather, it is a robust structure made of a suite of team players.
Hay Graduate Fellowship Fund, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health Office of the Director, Johns Hopkins Physical Sciences-Oncology Center

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
New clues to causes of birth defects
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found a possible clue to why older mothers face a higher risk for having babies born with conditions such as Down syndrome that are characterized by abnormal chromosome numbers.
National Institutes of Health, 23andMe

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Airport screening misses half of disease cases but could be improved
Researchers from the University of California Los Angeles and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine have found that in order to be effective, the screening of passengers for disease at airports must be tailored to the outbreak in question.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Council

Contact: Jennifer Mitchell

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
New study helps explain links between sleep loss and diabetes
Lack of sleep can elevate levels of free fatty acids in the blood, accompanied by temporary pre-diabetic conditions in healthy young men. The finding adds to the evidence that insufficient sleep may disrupt fat metabolism and decrease insulin's effects. Getting enough sleep could help counteract the current epidemics of diabetes and obesity.
The National Institutes of Health, the Department of Defense, and Science in Society - Branco Weiss Fellowship.

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Sunlight continues to damage skin in the dark
Much of the damage that ultraviolet radiation does to skin occurs hours after sun exposure, a team of Yale-led researchers concluded in a study that was published online Feb. 19 by the journal Science.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
New ALS gene and signaling pathways identified
Using advanced DNA sequencing methods, researchers have identified a new gene that is associated with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease.
Biogen Idec, Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, MND Association, American ALS Association, National Institutes of Health, Angel Fund, Project ALS/P2ALS, ALS Therapy Alliance, Pierre L. de Bourghknecht ALS Research Foundation, and others

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Evolving a bigger brain with human DNA
The human brain expanded dramatically in size during evolution, imparting us with unique capabilities. Duke scientists have now shown that it's possible to pick out key changes in the genetic code between chimpanzees and humans and visualize their respective contributions to early brain development in mouse embryos. The findings may lend insight what makes the human brain special and why people get some neurological disorders, such as autism and Alzheimer's disease, whereas chimpanzees don't.
Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Bacterial defense mechanism targets duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers at Duke University have demonstrated a gene therapy technique that has the potential to treat more than half of the patients suffering from Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy by targeting a large region of the gene that contains many different mutations that cause the disease.
Muscular Dystrophy Association, Duke-Coulter Translational Partnership, The Hartwell Foundation, March of Dimes Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Infection and Immunity
Stalking a wily foe: Scientists figure out how C. difficile bacteria wreak havoc in guts
By staying up for two days straight, researchers have figured out for the first time exactly how Clostridium difficile wreaks havoc on the guts of animals in such a short time. The findings could help prevent or treat severe diarrhea and life-threatening disease in humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Infection and Immunity
Medtech meets cleantech: Malaria vaccine candidate produced from algae
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine used algae as a mini-factory to produce a malaria parasite protein. The algae-produced protein, paired with an immune-boosting cocktail suitable for use in humans, generated antibodies in mice that nearly eliminated mosquito infection by the malaria parasite. The method, published Feb. 17 by Infection and Immunity, is the newest attempt to develop a vaccine that prevents transmission of the malaria parasite from host to mosquito.
National Institutes of Health, US Public Health Service, US Department of Energy, San Diego Foundation, California Energy Commission, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Popular soda ingredient poses cancer risk to consumers
Research analysis suggests that soda drinkers consume 1 or more cans per day -- possibly exposing them to 4-methylimidazole, a potential carcinogen.
Consumers Union, Grace Communications Foundation, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Natalie Wood-Wright
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Rare gum disease among African-American children is focus of Rutgers study
A $3.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will help the Rutgers School of Dental Medicine pinpoint biological markers in saliva that can predict whether bone loss will occur from a rare form of gum disease that affects African-American adolescents.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carrie Stetler
Rutgers University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Stroke researchers report uniqueness of KF-NAP for assessing spatial neglect after stroke
Stroke researchers report study showing that the Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process Uniquely Measures Spatial Neglect during Activities of Daily Living. The article was e-published by Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research, Kessler Foundation, Healthcare Foundation of New Jersey

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Possible strategy identified to combat major parasitic tropical disease
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists has identified a potential target in the quest to develop a more effective treatment for leishmaniasis, a parasitic tropical disease that kills thousands and sickens more than 1 million people worldwide each year. The findings were published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health, European Research Council, Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
NIH awards 7-year grant to Weill Cornell to tackle global tuberculosis epidemic
In an effort to stop tuberculosis from becoming progressively less treatable worldwide, the National Institutes of Health has awarded Weill Cornell Medical College more than $6.2 million in first-year funding to support a research collaboration among six institutions in close alliance with voluntary pharmaceutical partners. The total funding, provided by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, could be up to $45.7 million over seven years.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ashley Paskalis
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists unveil map of human epigenomes in effort to fight disease
The genome is the instruction book for life. But reading that instruction book and carrying out its directives are controlled by the epigenome, which attaches chemical markers to DNA to activate or silence genes. For the first time, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and elsewhere have assembled a comprehensive map of the human epigenome.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Arbanas
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Autism genes activate during fetal brain development
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have found that mutations that cause autism in children are connected to a pathway that regulates brain development.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
PLOS Pathogens
MS drug Tysabri shows promise in efforts to combat HIV's 'viral reservoirs'
A drug now used to treat Crohn's disease and multiple sclerosis has shown effectiveness in lab experiments in blocking viral reservoirs, which have been tied to illnesses that afflict people living with HIV, Boston College biologists and colleagues reported in the journal PLOS Pathogens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ed Hayward
Boston College

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3701.

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