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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3609.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
Brain power
Columbia Engineering Professor Elizabeth M. C. Hillman has identified a new component of the biological mechanism that controls blood flow in the brain, demonstrating that the vascular endothelium plays a critical role in the regulation of blood flow in response to stimulation in the living brain. Understanding how and why the brain regulates its blood flow could provide important clues to understanding early brain development, disease, and aging.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Childhood cancer survivors hospitalized frequently years after cancer treatment
Survivors of childhood cancers were hospitalized more often and for longer durations because of blood disorders and other problems, many years after cancer treatment was completed, compared with the general population, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Foundation, Utah Cancer Registry, Primary Children's Medical Foundation Award

Contact: Lauren Riley
lauren.riley@aacr.org
215-446-7155
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Immunity
Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein
By boosting a protein that naturally exists in our cells, an international team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC CancerCenter, has found a potential way to enhance our ability to sense and inhibit viral infections. The laboratory-based discovery, which could lead to more effective treatments for viruses ranging from hepatitis C to the flu, appears in the June 19 issue of the journal Immunity.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
Penn study describes new models for testing Parkinson's disease immune-based drugs
Using powerful, newly developed cell culture and mouse models of sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD), a team of researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has demonstrated that immunotherapy with specifically targeted antibodies may block the development and spread of PD pathology in the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Michael J. Fox Foundation, Keefer Family, Parkinson Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Science
Broad Institute, MGH researchers chart cellular complexity of brain tumors
Scientists from the Broad Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital have conducted a first-of-its-kind study that characterizes the cellular diversity within glioblastoma tumors from patients. The study, which looked at the expression of thousands of genes in individual cells from patient tumors, revealed that the cellular makeup of each tumor is more heterogeneous than previously suspected. The findings, which appear online in Science Express, will help guide future investigations into potential treatments for this devastating disease.
Klarman Family Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and others

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Blood
Cancer drug boosts levels of vascular-protective gene, KLF2
Case Western Reserve University researchers have discovered that an existing, drug, bortezomib, Velcade, used to help cancer patients has the potential to protect thousands of others from the often-deadly impact of vascular clots. As hematologist Lalitha Nayak, M.D., an assistant professor of medicine, reports in the June 12 edition of the journal Blood, the anti-thrombotic effects of bortezomib are determined by KLF2, part of a family of Kruppel-like factors -- master regulators of vascular health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Child Development
Toddlers whose parents use subsidies to buy center-based care more likely to enroll in Head Start
Using nationally representative data on approximately 2,100 children, a study by researchers from Georgetown University and Columbia University has found that children of parents who use subsidies to purchase center-based care in the toddler years are more likely to be enrolled in Head Start or public prekindergarten in their preschool years. The study highlights one previously unconsidered benefit of a federally funded subsidy program that serves nearly 2 million American children each month.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Child Development
New study sheds light on what happens to 'cool' kids
A new study has found that teens who tried to act cool in early adolescence were more likely to experience a range of problems in early adulthood. Teens needed more and more extreme behaviors to appear cool, eventually engaging in serious criminal behaviors in addition to alcohol and drug use. By young adulthood, they were found to be less competent overall than their less 'cool' peers. Teens were followed from age 13 to age 23.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
mBio
Fungal protein found to cross blood-brain barrier
In a remarkable series of experiments on a fungus that causes cryptococcal meningitis, a deadly infection of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain, investigators at UC Davis have isolated a protein that appears to be responsible for the fungus' ability to cross from the bloodstream into the brain.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carole Gan
carole.gan@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9047
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of Immunology
Infant immune systems learn fast, but have short memories
Forgetful immune systems leave infants particularly prone to infections, according to a new Cornell University study. Upending the common theory that weak immune cells are to blame, the study has found that infants' immune systems actually respond to infection with more speed and strength than adults, but the immunities they create fail to last.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
A key step toward a safer strep vaccine
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have identified the genes encoding a molecule that famously defines Group A Streptococcus (strep), a pathogenic bacterial species responsible for more than 700 million infections worldwide each year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
JAMA
Breakthrough study sheds new light on best medication for children with seizures
A recently published clinical study in the Journal of the American Medical Association has answered an urgent question that long puzzled ER pediatricians: Is the drug lorazepam really safer and more effective than diazepam -- the US Food and Drug Administration-approved medication as first line therapy most often used by emergency room doctors to control major epileptic seizures in children?
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Does dad matter? New study looks at his environmental exposure in reproductive success
Phthalates are compounds found in plastics and personal care products that are estimated to be detectable in nearly 100 percent of the U.S. population. The study will examine the possible influence of paternal phthalate exposure on sperm quality and embryo development and whether DNA methylation in sperm cells may be a pathway by which a father's exposure influences these endpoints.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Demography
Migrating north may trigger immediate health declines among Mexicans
Mexican immigrants who relocate to the United States are more likely to experience declines in health within a short time period compared with other Mexicans, according to a study led by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Barriers faced by immigrants -- like poorly paying jobs, crowded housing and family separation, as well as the migration process itself -- may be cause of such health declines.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Sector Research Fund

Contact: B. Rose Huber
brhuber@princeton.edu
609-258-0157
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Peer pressure is weaker for kids to quit smoking
Adolescents tend to be more powerful in influencing their friends to start smoking than in helping them to quit, according to sociologists.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Science Signaling
Researchers identify regulation process of protein linked to bipolar disorder
Researchers from Tufts have gained new insight into a protein associated with bipolar disorder. The study, published in the June 3 issue of Science Signaling, reveals that calcium channels in resting neurons activate the breakdown of Sp4, which belongs to a class of proteins called transcription factors that regulate gene expression.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
siobhan.gallagher@tufts.edu
617-636-6586
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
MGH/Ragon Institute study finds how protein blocks HIV life cycle in elite controllers
A research team has learned more about one way the immune systems of elite controllers - those rare individuals able to control HIV infection without drug treatment - block a key step in the virus's life cycle. They report finding that p21, a protein best known as a tumor suppressor, inhibits reverse transcription by blocking a human enzyme essential to the process.
National Institutes of Health, American Foundation for AIDS Research, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Contact: Sarah Dionne Sullivan
ssullivan38@partners.org
617-726-6126
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Frontiers in Neurology
Study finds cognitive performance can be improved in teens months, years after traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injuries from sports, recreational activities, falls or car accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents. While previously it was believed that the window for brain recovery was at most one year after injury, new research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published online today in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neurology shows cognitive performance can be improved to significant degrees months, and even years, after injury, given targeted brain training.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Crystal Charity Ball Foundation

Contact: Shelly Kirkland
shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu
972-883-3221
Center for BrainHealth

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
PLOS ONE
Dormant viruses re-emerge in patients with lingering sepsis, signaling immune suppression
A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis -- a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals -- to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Arbanas
arbanasc@wustl.edu
314-286-0109
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Study IDs 'master' protein in pulmonary fibrosis
In Science Translational Medicine scientists reveal the key role that an ancient protein plays in the course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The research offers more than an unprecedentedly detailed explanation of the disease's tragic course. It also points toward a new therapeutic strategy.
National Institutes of Health, American Thoracic Society, Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation, Yale University

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Weight loss critical to reducing cardiovascular risk in obese OSA patients
New research from a multidisciplinary team at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania now reveals that the single most important factor for improving cardiovascular health in obese obstructive sleep apnea patients is weight loss.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: LeeAnn Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5660
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
CPAP superior to supplemental oxygen for BP reduction in obstructive sleep apnea
Continuous positive airway pressure, the most widely prescribed therapy for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, resulted in significantly lower blood pressure compared to either nocturnal supplemental oxygen or an educational control treatment, according to a new study from Brigham and Women's Hospital.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
mmontemayor-quellenberg@partners.org
617-534-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of the American Heart Association
Poor cardiovascular health linked to memory, learning deficits
People with poor cardiovascular health have a substantially higher incidence of cognitive impairment. Better cardiovascular health was more common in men and among people with higher education and higher income. The incidence of mental impairment was found more commonly in those with a lower income, who lived in the 'stroke belt' or had cardiovascular disease.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Carrie Thacker
carrie.thacker@heart.org
214-706-1665
American Heart Association

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Herpes infected humans before they were human
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified the evolutionary origins of human herpes simplex virus -1 and -2, reporting that the former infected hominids before their evolutionary split from chimpanzees 6 million years ago while the latter jumped from ancient chimpanzees to ancestors of modern humans -- Homo erectus -- approximately 1.6 million years ago.
University of California Laboratory Fees Research Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
International Migration Review
Dangerous, underpaid work for the undocumented
Illegal immigrants don't hold the most dangerous jobs in America. That kind of work pays a decent wage for the risk to life and limb, and undocumented workers are barred from those jobs. Yet there is plenty of hazard, risk and occupational injury for the uncounted millions of illegal immigrants doing the 'merely dangerous' work no one else wants -- without a pay premium from employers who take advantage of that labor pool, a Cornell University-Penn State University study reveals.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Joe Schwartz
Joe.Schwartz@cornell.edu
607-254-6235
Cornell University

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3609.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

     
   

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