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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3805.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Study may explain why targeted drug doesn't benefit patients with early-stage lung cancer
The drug erlotinib is highly effective in treating advanced-stage lung cancer patients whose tumors have a particular gene mutation, but when the same drug is used for patients with early-stage tumors with the same gene change, they fare worse than if they took nothing. This study might explain why.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Eileen Scahill
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists' new analysis of plant proteins advances our understanding of photosynthesis
A world without plants would be a world without oxygen, uninhabitable for us and for many creatures. We know plants release oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide and breaking down water using sunlight through the process of photosynthesis. However, we know little about the mechanics of how plants create oxygen during photosynthesis. A break-through that will help advance our understanding of this critical ecological process was made recently by scientists at Louisiana State University.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alison Satake
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Ultrasound guides tongue to pronounce 'r' sounds
Using ultrasound technology to visualize the tongue's shape and movement can help children with difficulty pronouncing 'r' sounds, according to a small study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development and Montclair State University.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Researchers look for the best way to help shake too much sodium
Multiple times each day, about a third of blacks hold onto sodium -- and higher blood pressure -- for at least an hour after the stress that raised their pressure has passed, scientists say. Armed with a $10.6 million NIH grant, they are now looking to find how chronic mental stress, obesity, and inflammation conspire to produce this unhealthy response so they can determine the best ways to treat it.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
CHOP and Temple receive NIH grant to explore eradicating HIV from hiding places in the brain
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Temple University have received a joint $4.3 million, four-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate new methods to eradicate HIV that lurks in brain cells despite conventional antiviral treatments. The research, in cell cultures and animals, aims to set the stage for subsequently testing the most promising approaches in human patients.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Medical Anthropology Quarterly
CWRU researcher finds training officers about mental illness benefits prison's safety
Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness. What he found, through 430 hours of prison observations and interviews, is that inmates were treated humanely and security was better managed when cell block officers were trained to identify symptoms of mental illness and how to respond to them.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Cell membranes self-assemble
A self-driven reaction can assemble phospholipid membranes like those that enclose cells. The new process is specific and non-toxic, and can be used in the presence of biomolecules one might want to study within artificial cells. The technique could also be used to assemble packets for drug delivery.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, NIH/ational Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Diabetes patients report better outcomes with improved physician accessibility
A new model of delivering primary care studied by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California researchers has the potential to improve the health of patients with type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First atlas of body clock gene expression informs timing of drug delivery
A new effort mapping 24-hr patterns of expression for thousands of genes in 12 different mouse organs -- five years in the making -- provides important clues about how the role of timing may influence the way drugs work in the body. This study, detailing this veritable 'atlas' of gene oscillations, has never before been described in mammals.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
How cells know which way to go
Amoebas aren't the only cells that crawl: Movement is crucial to development, wound healing and immune response in animals, not to mention cancer metastasis. In two new studies from Johns Hopkins, researchers answer long-standing questions about how complex cells sense the chemical trails that show them where to go -- and the role of cells' internal 'skeleton' in responding to those cues.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
2014 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
New drug delivered through a skin patch shows promise in healing diabetic foot ulcers
A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif., has developed a drug delivered through a skin patch that not only helps foot wounds heal better, but also prevents those wounds from recurring, according to study results they presented this week at the American College of Surgeons Annual Clinical Congress.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Harrington Discovery Institute

Contact: Sally Garneski
American College of Surgeons

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Cleveland Clinic research shows gut bacteria byproduct impacts heart failure
A chemical byproduct of intestinal bacteria-dependent digestion, trimethylamine N-oxide -- already proven to contribute to heart disease and to be an accurate tool for predicting future heart attacks, stroke and death -- has for the first time been linked to heart failure and worse long-term prognosis for those patients, according to Cleveland Clinic research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Ambro
Cleveland Clinic

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Viral switches share a shape
A hinge in the RNA genome of the virus that causes hepatitis C works like a switch that can be flipped to prevent it from replicating in infected cells. Scientists have discovered that this shape is shared by several other viruses -- among them one that kills cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
How Staph infections elude the immune system
By tricking the immune system into generating antibodies specific for only one bacterial protein, Staphylococcus aureus dodges the production of antibodies that might otherwise protect against infection. The data suggest that future vaccine approaches must be designed to side-step this bacterial subterfuge.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Gwen Knapp Center for Lupus and Immunology Research

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Group classes teach parents effective autism therapy, Stanford/Packard study finds
Parents can learn to use a scientifically validated autism therapy with their own children by taking a short series of group classes, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford has found.
Autism Speaks, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Erin Digitale
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
UCI scientists identify lesion-healing mechanism in psoriasis
A UC Irvine-led study has revealed the underlying genetic factors that help repair skin lesions caused by psoriasis, which could engender new methods of controlling the lingering condition.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Team discovers how microbes build a powerful antibiotic
Researchers report in the journal Nature that they have made a breakthrough in understanding how a powerful antibiotic agent is made in nature. Their discovery solves a decades-old mystery, and opens up new avenues of research into thousands of similar molecules, many of which are likely to be medically useful.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences at the National Institutes of Health, Ford Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Activity in dendrites is critical in memory formation
Northwestern University researchers have discovered how neurons in the brain might allow some experiences to be remembered while others are forgotten. Using a unique microscope, they peered into the brain of a living animal navigating a virtual reality maze. Images of individual neurons called place cells showed that, surprisingly, the activity of the cell body and its dendrites can be different. A lasting memory of an experience was not formed by neurons when cell bodies were activated but dendrites were not.
Klingenstein Foundation, Whitehall Foundation, Chicago Biomedical Consortium, Northwestern University, National Institutes of Health, Life Sciences Research Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Genetics
Unsuspected gene found frequently mutated in colorectal, endometrial cancers
Scientists say they have identified in about 20 percent of colorectal and endometrial cancers a genetic mutation that had been overlooked in recent large, comprehensive gene searches. With this discovery, the altered gene, called RNF43, now ranks as one of the most common mutations in the two cancer types.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Methods
Real-time readout of neurochemical activity
Scientists have created cells with fluorescent dyes that change color in response to specific neurochemicals. By implanting these cells into living mammalian brains, they have shown how neurochemical signaling changes as a food reward drives learning.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Hoffman-La Roche

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Dietary flavanols reverse age-related memory decline
Dietary cocoa flavanols -- naturally occurring bioactives found in cocoa -- reversed age-related memory decline in healthy older adults, according to a study led by Columbia University Medical Center scientists.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation, McKnight Brain Research Foundation, Mars Inc.

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Genetics in Medicine
Clues to genetics of congenital heart defects emerge from Down syndrome study
The largest genetic study of congenital heart defects in individuals with Down syndrome found a connection to rare, large genetic deletions affecting cilia.
NIH/Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New compounds reduce debilitating inflammation
Six Case Western Reserve scientists are part of an international team that has discovered two compounds that show promise in decreasing inflammation associated with diseases such as ulcerative colitis, arthritis and multiple sclerosis. The compounds, dubbed OD36 and OD38, appear to curtail inflammation-triggering signals from RIPK2. RIPK2 is an enzyme that activates high-energy molecules to prompt the immune system to respond with inflammation. The findings of this research appear in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Burroughs Wellcome Career Award

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Genes & Development
A new dent in HIV-1's armor
Salk scientists identify a promising target for HIV/AIDS treatment.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Blasker-Rose-Miah Fund Margaret T. Morris Foundation

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Butler researcher aims to broaden understanding of gamma knife radiosurgery for OCD
Supported by a $750,000 K23 Career Development Award from the National Institutes of Health, Butler Hospital neuropsychologist Nicole McLaughlin, Ph.D., is conducting a first-of-its-kind study of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder undergoing gamma knife radiosurgery. Though this procedure has been used to treat OCD for decades, the mechanisms of action remain virtually unstudied.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Holly Brown-Ayers
Care New England

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3805.

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