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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3710.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Scientists open new frontier of vast chemical 'space'
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a powerful and extraordinarily robust method for joining complex organic molecules that can be used to make pharmaceuticals, fabrics, dyes, plastics and other materials previously inaccessible to chemists.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
High fitness level reduces chance of developing hypertension
People who performed at the highest fitness levels on a stress test were projected to have a 20 percent less chance of developing high blood pressure over five years.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Maaggie Francis
American Heart Association

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Lancet HIV
Combining social media and behavioral psychology could lead to more HIV testing
UCLA research suggests that social media such as Twitter and Facebook, combined with behavioral psychology, could be a valuable tool in the fight against AIDS by prompting high-risk individuals to be tested.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UCLA AIDS Institute and Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Microbiome may have shaped early human populations
Vanderbilt mathematician Glenn Webb and NYU microbiologist Martin Blaser propose that the microbes which live on our bodies may have influenced the age structure of human populations in prehistoric times.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Diane Belfer Program in Human Microbial Ecology

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Big-data analysis reveals gene sharing in mice
Rice University scientists have detected at least three potential hybridization events that likely shaped the evolutionary paths of 'old world' mice, two in recent times and one in the ancient past.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Library of Medicine, National Science Foundation, Keck Center of the Gulf Coast Consortia

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
UTSA engineers receive $1.08 million NIH grant to advance breast cancer research
The National Institutes of Health recently awarded a $1.08 million grant to the University of Texas at San Antonio to combine computational modeling with biological information to advance our understanding of what may cause breast cells to become cancerous.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: KC Gonzalez
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bacterial 'bunches' linked to some colorectal cancers
Researchers from Johns Hopkins have found that dense mats of interacting bacteria, called biofilms, were present in the majority of cancers and polyps, particularly those on the right side of the colon. The presence of these bacterial bunches, they say, may represent an increased risk for colon cancer and could form the basis of new diagnostic tests.
National Institutes of Health, Alexander and Margaret Stewart Trust, American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Merieux Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Study hints at antioxidant treatment for high blood pressure
High blood pressure affects more than 70 million Americans and is a major risk factor for stroke, heart failure and other renal and cardiovascular diseases. Funded by a $1.3 million National Institutes of Health grant, University of Houston College of Pharmacy researchers are examining the role of intrinsic antioxidant pathways in mitigating hypertension.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Molecular Medicine
Amount of mitochondrial DNA predicts frailty and mortality
New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA, mtDNA, found in peoples' blood directly relates to how frail they are medically. This DNA may prove to be a useful predictor of overall risk of frailty and death from any cause 10 to 15 years before symptoms appear.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Developmental Cell
Vessel research offers new direction to study how cancer spreads
Researchers have understood very little about how blood and lymphatic vessels form in the mammalian gut -- until now. A new Cornell University study reports for the first time how arteries form to supply the looping embryonic gut with blood, and how these arteries guide development of the gut's lymphatic system.
Cornell Center for Vertebrate Genomics, National Institutes of Health, March of Dimes.

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
American Physiological Society's Professional Skills Training Course
MARC travel awards announced for: APS Professional Skills Training Course
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American Physiological Society's Professional Skills Training Course from Jan. 15-18, 2015 in Orlando, Fla.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Meth users face substantially higher risk for getting Parkinson's disease
In addition to incurring serious dental problems, memory loss and other physical and mental issues, methamphetamine users are three times more at risk for getting Parkinson's disease than non-illicit drug users, new research from the University of Utah and Intermountain Healthcare shows.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Phil Sahm
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Genome Medicine
People may inherit 'gut' bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
A new study by an international team of researchers shows for the first time that people may inherit some of the intestinal bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively know as inflammatory bowel disease.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Season's eatings
Some women become preoccupied with their body weight and shape after changes in hormones drive increases in emotional eating, or the tendency to overconsume food in response to negative emotions. The recurring nature of monthly increases in weight concerns in menstruating women may increase the risk of developing an eating disorder.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kim Ward
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Cancer Cell
Single genetic abnormality accelerates, removes the brakes on Ewing sarcoma tumor growth
The genetic abnormality that drives the bone cancer Ewing sarcoma operates through two distinct processes -- both activating genes that stimulate tumor growth and suppressing those that should keep cancer from developing.
Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Hyundai Hope on Wheels, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
'Microlesions' in epilepsy discovered by novel technique
Using an innovative technique combining genetic analysis and mathematical modeling with some basic sleuthing, researchers have identified previously undescribed microlesions in brain tissue from epileptic patients. The millimeter-sized abnormalities may explain why areas of the brain that appear normal can produce severe seizures in many children and adults with epilepsy.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
New research unlocks a mystery of albinism
A team led by Brown University biologists has discovered the way in which a specific genetic mutation appears to lead to the lack of melanin production underlying a form of albinism.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
The Quarterly Review of Biology
What was the 'Paleo diet'? There was far more than one, study suggests
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, a weight-loss craze in which people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age, gives modern calorie-counters great freedom because those ancestral diets likely differed substantially over time and space, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Kent State University.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
New technology directly reprograms skin fibroblasts for a new role
Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes, the body's pigment-producing cells. The technique has immediate and important implications for developing new cell-based treatments for skin diseases such as vitiligo, as well as new screening strategies for melanoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Biotechnology
New method identifies genome-wide off-target cleavage sites of CRISPR-Cas nucleases
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a method of detecting, across the entire genome of human cells, unwanted DNA breaks induced by use of the popular gene-editing tools called CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nucleases.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Project Agency

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
PLOS Biology
The sense of smell uses fast dynamics to encode odors
Neuroscientists from the John B. Pierce Laboratory and Yale School of Medicine have discovered that mice can detect minute differences in the temporal dynamics of the olfactory system, according to research that will be published on Dec. 16 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Library of Medicine

Contact: PLOS Biology

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Yale researchers reveal Ebola virus spreads in social clusters
An analysis of the ongoing Ebola outbreak reveals that transmission of the virus occurs in social clusters, a finding that has ramifications for case reporting and the public health.
National Institutes of Health, Santa Fe Institute, Omidyar Group

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Healthy eaters: Ignore glycemic index
Good news for people who are already following a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and low in sweets: new research suggests these heart-healthy eaters don't need to worry about choosing low glycemic index foods to lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Center for Research Resources, National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Heather Dewar
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Traffic stops and DUI arrests linked most closely to lower drinking and driving
American states got tough on impaired driving in the 1980s and 1990s, but restrictions have flat lined. A new study looks at associations between levels and types of law-enforcement efforts and prevalence of drinking and driving. The number of traffic stops and DUI arrests per capita had the most consistent and significant associations.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: James C. Fell, M.S.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3710.

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