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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3603.

<< < 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 > >>

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Child and Youth Services Review
Video stories, other bonding exercises could help foster families connect
Teenagers and their foster families often say they don't feel connected and have trouble communicating, but few resources exist that nurture their bonding. In a research paper being published in the June issue of Children and Youth Services Review, researchers affiliated with the University of Washington's School of Social Work describe how they tailored a parenting program known to improve communication in non-foster families for use in foster families.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-May-2014
University of Chicago chosen as a center for new cancer clinical trials network
A team from the University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center has received a five-year, $3.9-million award from the National Cancer Institute to serve as a Lead Academic Participating Site for the newly created National Clinical Trials Network.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
A form of immune therapy might be effective for multiple myeloma
A new study provides evidence that genetically modified immune cells might effectively treat multiple myeloma, a disease that remains incurable and will account for an estimated 24,000 new cases and 11,100 deaths in 2014. The researchers modified T lymphocytes to target a molecule called CS1, which is found on myeloma cells, and to kill the cells. The findings support testing the potential therapy in a clinical trial.
National Institutes of Health, Multiple Myeloma Opportunities for Research and Education

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Psychological Science
Having a sense of purpose may add years to your life
Feeling that you have a sense of purpose in life may help you live longer, no matter what your age, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The research has clear implications for promoting positive aging and adult development, says lead researcher Patrick Hill of Carleton University in Canada.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Nano Letters
Penn research combines graphene and painkiller receptor into scalable chemical sensor
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have led an effort to create an artificial chemical sensor based on one of the human body's most important receptors, one that is critical in the action of painkillers and anesthetics. In these devices, the receptors' activation produces an electrical response rather than a biochemical one, allowing that response to be read out by a computer.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Frank & Louise Groff Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Therapy sought to reduce major risk from minor bleeding that can follow stroke
Bleeding into the brain following a stroke doesn't have to be big to be bad, says a researcher exploring a therapy to eliminate the major risk of minor bleeding.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
23andMe introduces HaploScore to improve detection of DNA shared between individuals
23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, said today it has published an analysis that improves the accuracy and efficiency of identity-by-descent detection through a new, open-source algorithm called HaploScore.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Brian Reid
23andMe Inc.

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Shocking' Stanford video reveals the surprising truth about cell wall growth
For a century biologists have thought they understood how the gooey growth that occurs inside cells caused their protective outer walls to expand. Now, using new microscopic video techniques, Stanford researchers have captured the visual evidence to prove the prevailing wisdom wrong.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Abate
Stanford School of Engineering

Public Release: 12-May-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Diets rich in antioxidant resveratrol fail to reduce deaths, heart disease or cancer
A study of Italians who consume a diet rich in resveratrol -- the compound found in red wine, dark chocolate and berries -- finds they live no longer than and are just as likely to develop cardiovascular disease or cancer as those who eat or drink smaller amounts of the antioxidant.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-May-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
$1.9 billion in Medicare waste: 'Tip of the iceberg'
In the first large-scale study to directly measure wasteful spending in Medicare, researchers found that Medicare spent at least $1.9 billion in 2009 for patients to receive any of 26 tests and procedures with little or no health benefit.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Katie DuBoff
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 12-May-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Underage college men discount dangers of driving after marijuana use
The researchers say their findings probably reflect the widespread myth that driving after marijuana use is safe. The researchers suggest that developing strategies to combat this belief could help to change social norms and encourage using a designated driver not only after alcohol use, but after a driver has used any risky substance. Results are not surprising, but this study quantifies the prevalence, which is useful in setting priorities for public health action.
NIH/Common Fund, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-May-2014
American Journal of Pathology
New research sets stage for noninvasive monitoring of HIV-induced peripheral neuropathy
Corneal nerve fiber assessment has great potential as a tool to diagnose and monitor peripheral neuropathy induced by HIV, say scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The results of their study are published in the American Journal of Pathology.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Office of Research Infrastructure Programs

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bullying may have long-term health consequences
Bullied children may experience chronic, systemic inflammation that persists into adulthood, while bullies may actually reap health benefits of increasing their social status through bullying, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
US cervical cancer rates higher than previously reported, especially among older women
Cervical cancer rates in the United States are higher than previously believed, particularly among 65- to 69-year-old women and African-American women, according to a study led by a researcher at the University of Maryland School of Medicine published in the journal Cancer. Current US cervical cancer screening guidelines do not recommend routine Pap smears for women over 65 if their prior test results have been normal.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, and others

Contact: Karen Warmkessel
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Living near foreclosed property linked to higher blood pressure
This study provides the first evidence that foreclosed properties may increase neighbors' blood pressure.
Harvard School of Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Children of nicotine-addicted parents more likely to become heavy smokers
We've known that children of parents who smoke are more likely to pick up a cigarette. This study shows that the more time a child is exposed to a parent addicted to smoking, the more likely the youth will not only take up cigarettes but also become a heavy smoker.
NIH/Transdisciplinary Tobacco Research Center Award

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Galectins direct immunity against bacteria that employ camouflage
Our bodies produce a family of proteins that recognize and kill bacteria whose carbohydrate coatings resemble those of our own cells too closely. Called galectins, these proteins recognize carbohydrates from a broad range of disease-causing bacteria, and could potentially be deployed as antibiotics to treat certain infections.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Autism-related protein shown to play vital role in addiction
In a paper published in the latest issue of the neuroscience journal Neuron, McLean Hospital investigators report that a gene essential for normal brain development, and previously linked to Autism Spectrum Disorders, also plays a critical role in addiction-related behaviors.
Fragile X Association, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Scott O'Brien
McLean Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Discovery links rare, childhood neurodegenerative diseases to common problem in DNA repair
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists studying two rare, inherited childhood neurodegenerative disorders have identified a new, possibly common source of DNA damage that may play a role in other neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and aging. The findings appear in the current issue of the scientific journal Nature Neuroscience.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Geoffrey Beene Foundation, Goodwin Foundation, University of Manitoba, CancerCare Manitoba, and others

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Osteoporosis International
Calcium supplements not associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in women
Calcium supplements are widely taken by women for bone health. Previous studies have suggested that calcium supplements may increase risk of cardiovascular disease, but the data has been inconsistent. A new study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital did not find that calcium supplement intake increases risk of cardiovascular disease in women.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Multimillion-dollar grant propels lab toward HIV cure
A George Mason University researcher has won a $3.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health that may lead to a way for curing HIV in the next five years.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michele McDonald
George Mason University

Public Release: 9-May-2014
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Study identifies mechanism by which intestinal enzyme maintains microbial balance
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified the mechanism by which an enzyme produced in the intestinal lining helps to maintain a healthy population of gastrointestinal microbes. The research team describes finding that intestinal alkaline phosphatase promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria by blocking the growth-inhibiting action of adenosine triphosphate -- an action first described in this paper -- within the intestine.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Cell Reports
Scientists decode epigenetic mechanisms distinguishing stem cell function and blood cancer
Researchers at Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center have published results from a study in Cell Reports that discovers a new mechanism that distinguishes normal blood stem cells from blood cancers.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Gabriel's Angel Foundation

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Angewandte Chemie
New method sneaks drugs into cancer cells before triggering release
Biomedical engineering researchers have developed an anti-cancer drug delivery method that essentially smuggles the drug into a cancer cell before triggering its release. The method can be likened to keeping a cancer-killing bomb and its detonator separate until they are inside a cancer cell, where they then combine to destroy the cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Mass number-crunching may help crack Alzheimer's disease code
George Mason University Alzheimer's disease researcher teams with software firm to ask volunteers to install software on their personal computers that will crunch numbers when the computer isn't in use.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michele McDonald
George Mason University

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3603.

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