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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3571.

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Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
NIH grant to create Center for Excellence for Translational Research at Columbia's CII
W. Ian Lipkin, director of the Center for Infection and Immunity and John Snow Professor of Epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, has received an award of up to $31 million over a five-year period by NIH to establish the Center for Research in Diagnostics and Discovery under the auspices of a new National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases program entitled Centers of Excellence for Translational Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
ACS Photonics
Diagnosing diseases with smartphones
University of Houston researchers are developing a disease diagnostic system that offers results that could be read using only a smart phone and a $20 lens attachment. This new device relies on specific chemical interactions that form between something that causes a disease -- a virus or bacteria, for example -- and a molecule that bonds with that one thing only, like a disease-fighting antibody.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Moffitt Cancer Center pioneers worldwide standard in diagnosing melanoma
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have been instrumental in making significant improvements to the diagnostic procedure called sentinel node biopsy for melanoma patients and teaching this procedure to physicians from around the world.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Australia and New Zealand Melanoma Trials Group

Contact: Kimberly Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
New prostate cancer treatment convenient, less expensive, but may be riskier
A faster and less expensive form of radiotherapy for treating prostate cancer may come at a price, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers -- a higher rate of urinary complications.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Unique individual demonstrates desired immune response to HIV virus
One person's unique ability to fight HIV has provided key insights into an immune response that researchers now hope to trigger with a vaccine, according to findings reported by a team that includes Duke Medicine scientists.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Several FDA-approved anti-cancer drugs induce stem cell tumors, perhaps thwarting therapy
In a surprise finding, University of Massachusetts Amherst and Harvard researchers discovered that several chemotherapeutics that do stop fast growing tumors have the opposite effect on stem cells in the same animal, causing them to divide too rapidly. Not only is the finding of clinical interest, but with this study they successfully used a new non-traditional tool for assessing drugs using stem cells in the fruit fly gut, the first author says.
National Institutes of Health Challenge Grant

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 9-Mar-2014
Stem cell study opens door to undiscovered world of biology
For the first time, researchers have shown that an essential biological process known as protein synthesis can be studied in adult stem cells -- something scientists have long struggled to accomplish.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Lisa Warshaw
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Mar-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
UNC researchers create new tool to unravel the mysteries of metastasis
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have devised a new biochemical technique that will allow them and other scientists to delve much deeper than ever before into the specific cellular circuitry that keeps us healthy or causes disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 9-Mar-2014
Nature Medicine
Blood test identifies those at-risk for cognitive decline, Alzheimer's within 3 years
Researchers have discovered and validated a blood test that can predict with greater than 90 percent accuracy if a healthy person will develop mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease within three years.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
Journal of Biomedical Optics
New high-tech glasses detect cancer cells during surgery
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Arizona in Tucson led by Samuel Achilefu have created a pair of high-tech glasses that help surgeons visualize cancer cells during surgeries. The technology, reported in the SPIE Journal of Biomedical Optics, incorporates custom video and a head-mounted display capable of capturing signal from any fluorescent molecular agent injected into a patient that attaches to cancer cells, making them glow.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Amy Nelson
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
Research on 3-D scaffolds sets new bar in lung regeneration
Innovative research efforts in the field of tissue regeneration, including pioneering discoveries by the University of Vermont's Daniel Weiss, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues, hold promise for the estimated 12.7 million people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, the third leading cause of death in the US.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
University of Vermont

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
UT Arlington undergrad honored for research on antibiotic resistant infection
One of 60 students selected in the Council on Undergraduate Research's Posters on the Hill competition is looking for a way to stop a dangerous, hospital-acquired disease. Emmanuel Fordjour started working in the lab of a National Institutes of Health-funded researcher when he was just a sophomore.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
Ever-so-slight delay improves decision-making accuracy
Researchers have found that decision-making accuracy can be improved by postponing the onset of a decision by a mere fraction of a second. The results could further our understanding of neuropsychiatric conditions characterized by abnormalities in cognitive function and lead to new training strategies to improve decision-making in high-stake environments. The study was published in the March 5 online issue of the journal PLOS ONE.
German Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
Journal of National Cancer Institute
Bone turnover markers predict prostate cancer outcomes
Biomarkers for bone formation and resorption predict outcomes for men with castration-resistant prostate cancer, a team of researchers from UC Davis and their collaborators have found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 7-Mar-2014
PLOS Genetics
New theory on cause of endometriosis
Changes to two previously unstudied genes are the centerpiece of a new theory regarding the cause and development of endometriosis, a chronic and painful disease affecting one in 10 women. The discovery by Northwestern Medicine scientists suggests epigenetic modification, a process that enhances or disrupts how DNA is read, is an integral component of the disease and its progression.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Early detection helps manage a chronic graft-vs.-host disease complication
A simple questionnaire that rates breathing difficulties on a scale of zero to three predicts survival in chronic graft-vs.-host disease, according to a study published in the March issue of Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Kawasaki disease and pregnant women
In the first study of its type, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have looked at the health threat to pregnant women with a history of Kawasaki disease, concluding that the risks are low with informed management and care.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
UT Arlington study links BPA and breast cancer tumor growth
A recent paper from researchers in Texas attempts to trace how bisphenol-A may promote breast cancer tumor growth with help from a molecule called RNA HOTAIR.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Society and Mental Health
Returning vets face 'warring identities' distress
Soldiers returning home from war may find themselves engaged in an even tougher conflict. A paper published in Society and Mental Health examines the 'warring identities' many veterans confront when transitioning from soldier to civilian life.
American Sociological Association, American Council of Learned Societies, NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Courtney Coelho
Brown University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Discovery sheds new light on marijuana's anxiety relief effects
An international group led by Vanderbilt University researchers has found cannabinoid receptors, through which marijuana exerts its effects, in a key emotional hub in the brain involved in regulating anxiety and the flight-or-fight response.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Developmental Science
Are you smarter than a 5-year-old? Preschoolers can do algebra
Most preschoolers and kindergarteners, or children between four and six, can do basic algebra naturally using their Approximate Number System.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Reports
Study identifies gene important to breast development and breast cancer
A new study in Cell Reports identifies a gene important to breast development and breast cancer, providing a potential new target for drug therapies to treat aggressive types of breast cancer.
The Breast Cancer Research Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Misplaced protein causes heart failure
University of Iowa researchers found that decreasing the density of microtubules inside heart muscle cells prevents the abnormal localization of a critical protein called junctophilin 2 (JP2), and protects mice from heart failure. Conversely, increasing microtubule density causes abnormal localization of JP2, which leads to loss of normal heart cell function and ultimately heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Transplantation
Transplanted human umbilical cord blood cells improved heart function in rat model of MI
When human umbilical cord blood cells were transplanted into rats with simulated myocardial infarction, researchers investigating the long term effects of transplantation found left ventricular heart function and myocardial fiber structure in the treated rats improved over those not treated with stem cells. The study suggests that UCBCs could be a potential therapy with long term benefits for those suffering MI because preservation of the myocardial fiber structure is a step towards an effective therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Metabolism
Researchers identify a critical link between obesity and diabetes
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center scientists explain how a molecule associated with obesity triggers events that lead to increased risk of diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, JPB Foundation, Harvard Training Program in Nutrition and Metabolism

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Showing releases 2901-2925 out of 3571.

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