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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3555.

<< < 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 > >>

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Heart
High consumption of fish oil may benefit cardiovascular health, Pitt public health finds
Eating fish in amounts comparable to those of people living in Japan seems to impart a protective factor that wards off heart disease, according to an international study funded by the National Institutes of Health and led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. Middle-aged Japanese men living in Japan had lower incidence of coronary artery calcification, a predictor of heart disease, than middle-aged white men living in the United States.
National Institutes of Health, Japanese Ministry of Education Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Suicidal ideation among US soldiers begins before enlistment
A major new study found that a majority (58.2 percent) of soldiers who had ever thought of suicide had these thoughts before enlistment, 76.6 percent of US Army soldiers with current mental disorders had onsets of the disorders before enlistment, and nearly half (47 percent) of soldiers who had ever made a suicide attempt did so for the first time before enlistment.
Army STARRS, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
European Heart Journal
Study shows nearly fivefold increased risk for heart attack after angry outburst
New research from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical shows an even more compelling reason to think about getting anger in check -- a nearly fivefold increase in risk for heart attack in the two hours following outbursts of anger.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Kelly Lawman
klawman@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7305
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
New online care from dietitians helps control weight
A rich chocolate cake is tempting you, but where is a dietitian when you need one? The e-Care for Heart Wellness study sought to solve this problem. Group Health patients who were overweight and had hypertension were more likely to have lost 10 pounds in six months if they had secure online access to a dietitian than if they received only information and usual care. The American Journal of Preventive Medicine published the e-Care study.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
hughes.r@ghc.org
206-287-2055
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Cell Metabolism
Meat and cheese may be as bad for you as smoking
A high-protein diet during middle age makes you nearly twice as likely to die and four times more likely to die of cancer, but moderate protein intake is good for you after 65.
NIH/National Institute of Aging, USC Norris Cancer Center

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-503-3410
University of Southern California

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers find protein 'switch' central to heart cell division
In a study that began in a pair of infant siblings with a rare heart defect, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have identified a key molecular switch that regulates heart cell division and normally turns the process off around the time of birth. Their research, they report, could advance efforts to turn the process back on and regenerate heart tissue damaged by heart attacks or disease.
JHU Friends in Red, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
British Medical Journal
Does palliative chemotherapy palliate?
Terminal cancer patients who receive chemotherapy in the last months of their lives are less likely to die where they want and are more likely to undergo invasive medical procedures than those who do not receive chemotherapy, according to research in this week's BMJ.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jennifer Gundersen
jeg2034@med.cornell.edu
646-317-7402
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
PLOS Medicine
How sexual contacts with outsiders contribute to HIV infections within communities
While a number of strategies can prevent and control HIV transmission and spread, their effective use depends on understanding the sexual networks within and between communities. A paper published in this week's PLOS Medicine reports a detailed analysis with surprising results from the Rakai district in Uganda, one of the most studied areas of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa.
Division of Intramural Research, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Fiona Godwin
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Frontiers in Physiology
What bat brains might tell us about human brains
Could a new finding in bats help unlock a mystery about the human brain? Likely so, say researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center who have shown that a small region within the amygdala, an almond-shaped structure in the brains of all mammals, is responsible for producing emotional calls and sounds. They say this discovery might be key to locating a similar center in human brains.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Radiology
Carotid artery MRI helps predict likelihood of strokes and heart attacks
Noninvasive imaging of carotid artery plaque with MRI can accurately predict future cardiovascular events like strokes and heart attacks in people without a history of cardiovascular disease, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Dartmouth researchers find promising results with local hyperthermia of tumors
A combination of iron-oxide nanoparticles and an alternating magnetic field, which together generate heat, have activated an immune system response to tumors in mice according to an accepted manuscript by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Center researchers in the journal Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Donna Dubuc
donna.M.Dubuc@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-3615
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Yeast model reveals Alzheimer's drug candidate and its mechanism of action
Whitehead Institute scientists have used a yeast cell-based drug screen to identify a class of molecules that target the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This in vivo yeast model mimics the accumulation and cellular toxicity caused by Aβ in the neurons of AD patients. The work focuses on the drug, clioquinol, which removes copper from Aβ, thereby promoting Aβ's degradation and restoring endocytosis, a cellular protein-trafficking process disrupted in AD-affected neurons.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, Ellison Foundation, NRSA, JPB Foundation, Edward N. and Della L. Thome Memorial Foundation

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
rura@wi.mit.edu
617-258-6851
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Nature
Motion-sensing cells in the eye let the brain 'know' about directional changes
In a detailed study of the neurons linking the eyes and brains of mice, biologists at UC San Diego discovered that the ability of our brains and those of other mammals to figure out and process in our brains directional movements is a result of the activation in the cortex of signals that originate from the direction-sensing cells in the retina of our eyes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Cell Reports
Muscle-controlling neurons know when they mess up, according to Penn research
Whether it is playing a piano sonata or acing a tennis serve, the brain needs to orchestrate precise, coordinated control over the body's many muscles. Moreover, there needs to be some kind of feedback from the senses should any of those movements go wrong. A team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Princeton University has now begun to unravel the decades-spanning paradox concerning how this feedback system works.
National Institutes of Health, New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research, Searle Scholars Program

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Journal of Herpetology
Liver metabolism study could help patients awaiting transplants
In a new study that could help doctors extend the lives of patients awaiting liver transplants, a Rice University-led team of researchers examined the metabolic breakdown that takes place in liver cells during late-stage cirrhosis and found clues that suggest new treatments to delay liver failure.
National Institutes of Health, Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
CWRU wins $1.9 million grant to lead artificial platelet study
A research team led by Case Western Reserve University has received a $1.9 million National Institutes of Health grant to develop injectable artificial platelets that halt bleeding by sticking to bleeding sites and signaling natural platelets to home in on them. As they learn how the mechanisms work, they will investigate using artificial platelets to detect and treat thrombosis, metastasis and more.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Alcohol may ease the nerves that cause atrial fibrillation
Doctors in the US and Japan say adding a little alcohol to minimally invasive atrial fibrillation therapies may dull or stop the transmission of electrical impulses that cause the heart arrhythmia.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Bricker
dmbricker@houstonmethodist.org
832-667-5811
Houston Methodist

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Health Affairs
Combination approach reduces spread of drug-related HIV
A computer model has created the most effective formula for reducing the spread of HIV among drug users in New York City over the next 25 years. The model recommends a combination of interventions, including increased HIV testing, improved access to substance abuse treatment, increased use of needle and syringe exchange programs, and broad implementation of antiretroviral treatment as prevention. The result would lower new infections by more than 60 percent by 2040.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
European Heart Journal
Outbursts of anger linked to greater risk of heart attacks and strokes
Outbursts of anger may trigger heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular problems in the two hours immediately afterwards, according to the first study to systematically evaluate previous research into the link between the extreme emotion and all cardiovascular outcomes. The study is published in the European Heart Journal.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Emma Mason
wordmason@mac.com
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Eliminating bacteria, changing lifestyle could lower risk in people genetically susceptible to colorectal cancer
Using a transgenic mouse model, Mount Sinai researchers found that the intestinal polyps depend on gut bacteria and that antibiotic treatment eradicated the bacteria and prevented polyp formation. They propose that bacteria in the gut cross into the intestine promoting inflammation and tumor growth.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sid Dinsay
laura.newman@mountsinai.org
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Ancient Chinese medicine put through its paces for pancreatic cancer
The bark of the Amur cork tree has traveled a centuries-long road with the healing arts. Now it is being put through its paces by science in the fight against pancreatic cancer, with the potential to make inroads against several more.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternate Medicine

Contact: Elizabeth Allen
allenea@uthscsa.edu
210-450-2020
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
National Bureau of Economic Research
Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage saved $1.5 billion a year in first 4 years
A new study by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of Illinois at Chicago finds that Medicare Part D prescription coverage significantly reduced hospital admissions and program expenditures totaling $1.5 billion annually.
NIH/National Institute of Aging, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Sperry
ssperry1@jhu.edu
410-955-6919
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify 'carbohydrates in a coal mine' for cancer detection
Researchers at New York University and the University of Texas at Austin have discovered that carbohydrates serve as identifiers for cancer cells. Their findings show how these molecules may serve as signals for cancer and explain what's going on inside these cells, pointing to new ways in which sugars function as a looking glass into the workings of their underlying structures.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Mount Sinai study points to new biological mechanisms, treatment paradigm for kidney disease
Researchers have identified new molecular signaling pathways in chronic kidney disease, pointing to a paradigm shift in treating the disease.
NIH/National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Sid Dinsay
laura.newman@mountsinai.org
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Mar-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Female doctors spend more time than male doctors on parenting, household tasks, study finds
A new study finds gender differences in parenting and household labor persist among a group of highly motivated physician-researchers in the early stages of their career.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3555.

<< < 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 > >>

     
   

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