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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3398.

<< < 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 > >>

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Emerging Microbes & Infections
Researchers identify a new mechanism of TB drug resistance
A recent study, led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, has identified a new mechanism for PZA-resistance, which provides new insight into the how this mysterious drug works. The study is available online June 12 in the journal Emerging Microbes and Infections.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Major Project of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan, China

Contact: Tim Parsons
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Obstructive sleep apnea raises risk of sudden cardiac death, Mayo Clinic finds
People who have obstructive sleep apnea -- when a person stops breathing for periods during sleep -- have a greater risk of sudden cardiac death, according to a study published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. An estimated 12 million American adults have obstructive sleep apnea, and many of them are undiagnosed, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Klein
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers develop easy and effective therapy to restore sight
Gene therapy using adeno-associated virus has successfully restored sight to people with a rare inherited retinal degeneration, but current therapy requires injecting the virus directly into the retina. UC Berkeley researchers have evolved AAV so that it is able to penetrate the retina, allowing doctors to inject the virus and its gene load into the vitreous to reach all cells of the retina. This broadens AAV's potential application to more common types of vision loss.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Fighting Blindness

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Dad's life stress exposure can affect offspring brain development, Penn Study finds
Stress felt by dad--whether as a preadolescent or adult--leaves a lasting impression on his sperm that gives sons and daughters a blunted reaction to stress, according to a new preclinical study in the Journal of Neuroscience by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania. The findings point to a never-before-seen epigenetic link to stress-related diseases such as anxiety and depression passed from father to child.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
TEDDY study yielding new approach to finding high-risk genes for type 1 diabetes
Massive samples emanating from a decade-old, international initiative to determine how genetics and environment cause type 1 diabetes are giving scientists a unique perspective on which molecular and environmental factors really contribute to the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
European Journal of Nutrition
Cocoa may help fight obesity-related inflammation
A few cups of hot cocoa may not only fight off the chill of a winter's day, but they could also help obese people better control inflammation-related diseases, such as diabetes, according to Penn State researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matthew Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
New sickle cell anemia therapy advances to Phase II clinical trials
Seeking to improve the lives of sickle cell anemia sufferers around the world, researchers from the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, the Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center in Boston and the BloodCenter of Wisconsin in Milwaukee and others are preparing to launch Phase II of a clinical trial to investigate a potential new therapy for reducing the disorder's severest symptoms. More than 100,000 Americans and several million people worldwide suffer from this genetic disorder.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Bonnie Ward
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Diabetes Care
Moderate-intensity walking timed just right might help protect against Type 2 diabetes
A 15-minute walk after each meal appears to help older people regulate blood sugar levels and could reduce their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study by researchers at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.
NIH/National Institutes on Aging

Contact: Kathy Fackelmann
George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Biomarkers may be key to discovery of successful initial treatment of depression
In a National Institutes of Health-funded clinical trial, researchers at Emory have discovered that specific patterns of brain activity may indicate whether a depressed patient will or will not respond to treatment with medication or psychotherapy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kathi Baker
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
IU studies find workplace and financial stress lead to poor health choices
Two studies from the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington highlight the negative impact workplace and financial stress can have on health behaviors. "There's growing evidence that work-family conflict is related to a range of negative health behaviors, and it's something for workplace wellness programs to take into consideration when they're trying to get employees to engage in healthier behaviors, whether it's physical activity, nutrition or quitting smoking," lead author Jon Macy said.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jon Macy
Indiana University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Institute funded to evaluate leukocyte telomere length, personality traits, & health outcomes
Oregon Research Institute scientist Grant W. Edmonds, Ph.D., has received funding from the National Institute of Aging to study the prospective influence of personality traits, particularly Conscientiousness, on telomere length. Edmonds and his team will examine whether trait influences on telomere length are mediated by healthy lifestyle, traumatic life events, and physical health.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Kathryn Madden
Oregon Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
NIH awards UCI $10 million to study early-life origins of adolescent mental disorders
With $10 million in new federal funding, UC Irvine researchers will study how maternal signals and care before and after birth may increase an infant's vulnerability to adolescent cognitive and emotional problems, such as risky behaviors, addiction and depression.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
New therapy target for kids' fever-induced seizures
Fever-induced childhood seizures can be terrifying for parents and carry a long-term risk to brain development. Scientists haven't known what mechanism triggers the seizures. Now they've identified a new key factor, leading to a new therapeutic target. They also found nimodipine, a commonly available L-type calcium-channel blocker, dramatically reduced the incidence and duration of febrile seizures in animals.
NIH/National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Bacterium that causes gum disease packs a 1-2 punch to the jaw
The newly discovered bacterium that causes gum disease delivers a one-two punch by also triggering normally protective proteins in the mouth to actually destroy more bone, a University of Michigan study found.
National Institutes of Health, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Supplement

Contact: Laura Bailey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Molecular Cell
Scripps Research Institute scientists uncover new details of natural anticancer mechanism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have identified key triggers of an important cancer-blocking mechanism in cells. Termed "oncogene-induced senescence," this mechanism can block most cancer types and is commonly experienced when incipient skin cancers turn instead into slow-growing moles. Tumors that achieve malignancy often do so by defeating or circumventing this growth barrier -- which is why scientists have been eager to find out precisely how it works.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Columbia Nursing develops online tool to reduce stress in Hispanic caregivers of dementia patients
Although the prevalence of dementia in the Hispanic community is more than twice the national average, most research to help alleviate caregiver burden is focused only on the general population. Now, a team of researchers led by Robert J. Lucero, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.N., Assistant Professor at Columbia University School of Nursing, will develop and test a Web-based intervention designed to address the special needs of Hispanic caregivers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Zuckerman
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Chlamydia protein has an odd structure, scientists find
Discovery of the structure of a protein secreted by the chlamydia bug may lead to novel therapies for the common sexually transmitted disease, which infects more than a million Americans annually.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Welch Foundation, Merck

Contact: Will Sansom
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Flu vaccines aimed at younger populations could break annual transmission cycle
The value of vaccinating more children and young adults for influenza is being seriously underestimated. A new report suggests heavier emphasis on vaccinating those groups might save thousands of lives every year.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Jan Medlock
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Cancer Cell
Diabetes drug points the way to overcoming drug resistance in melanoma
Despite the success of melanoma-targeting drugs, tumors inevitably become drug resistant and return, more aggressive than before. In the current issue of the journal Cancer Cell, however, researchers at The Wistar Institute describe how they increase the effectiveness of anti-melanoma drugs by combining anticancer therapies with diabetes drugs. Their studies, conducted in cell and animal models of melanoma, demonstrate that the combined therapy could destroy a subset of drug-resistant cells within a tumor.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Lester
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Experimental vaccine shows promise against TB meningitis
A team of Johns Hopkins researchers working with animals has developed a vaccine that prevents the virulent TB bacterium from invading the brain and causing the highly lethal condition TB meningitis, a disease that disproportionately occurs in TB-infected children and in adults with compromised immune system.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
Fetal neuromaturation associated with mother's exposure to ddt and other environmental contaminants
A study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has for the first time found that a mother's higher exposure to some common environmental contaminants was associated with more frequent and vigorous fetal motor activity. Some chemicals were also associated with fewer changes in fetal heart rate, which normally parallel fetal movements.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shiver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Tim Parsons
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Frequent soccer ball 'heading' may lead to brain injury
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have shown that soccer players who frequently head the ball have brain abnormalities resembling those found in patients with concussion (mild traumatic brain injury). The study, which used advanced imaging techniques and cognitive tests that assessed memory, was published online today in the journal Radiology.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Childhood cancer survivors found to have significant undiagnosed disease as adults
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has found that childhood cancer survivors overwhelmingly experience a significant amount of undiagnosed, serious disease through their adult years, establishing the importance of proactive, life-long clinical health screenings for this growing high-risk population.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
Study builds dossier on JC polyomavirus
A new study shows that common mutant forms of the deadly JC polyomavirus are not responsible for the pathogen's main attack, which causes a brain-damaging disease in immunocompromised patients called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. But that finding raises the ominous question of what the mutants might be up to instead.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2013
'Heading' a soccer ball could lead to brain injury
Soccer players who "head" the ball with high frequency demonstrate poorer performance on memory tests and have brain abnormalities similar to those found in traumatic brain injury patients.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3398.

<< < 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 > >>


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