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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3446.

<< < 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 > >>

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
JAMA
4-year repeat of bone mineral density screening in seniors offers limited value
Repeating bone mineral density tests after four years provides little clinical benefit when assessing bone fracture risk in seniors age 75 and older, according to a recent study led by researchers at the Harvard Medical School-affiliated Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease

Contact: Jennifer Davis
jdavis@hsl.harvard.edu
617-363-8282
Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Past weight loss an overlooked factor in disordered eating
The focus of eating disorder research has largely been on the state of patients' thoughts, beliefs and emotions, with historically little focus on how current and past body weights contribute. A flurry of studies, the most recent published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, suggest that past body weight and relative weight loss should be taken into account.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rachel Ewing
raewing@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scientists discover possible way to turn fungus from foe to friend
Candida albicans is a double agent: In most of us, it lives peacefully, but for people whose immune systems are compromised by HIV or other severe illnesses, it is frequently deadly. Now a new study from Johns Hopkins and Harvard Medical School shows how targeting a specific fungal component might turn the fungus from a lion back into a kitten. Study results were reported this month in The Journal of Biological Chemistry.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Search Results National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Neuron
Study confirms that rare mutations increase risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have identified and validated two rare gene mutations that appear to cause the common form of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that strikes after the age of 60. The two mutations occur in a gene called ADAM10, which now becomes the second pathologically-confirmed gene for late-onset AD and the fifth AD gene overall.
Cure Alzheimer's Fund, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, American Health Assistance Foundation

Contact: Mike Morrison
mdmorrison@partners.org
617-724-6425
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
A shot of anxiety and the world stinks
In evolutionary terms, smell is among the oldest of the senses. In animals ranging from invertebrates to humans, olfaction exerts a primal influence as the brain continuously and subconsciously processes the steady stream of scent molecules that waft under our noses.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Wen Li
wenli@psych.wisc.edu
608-890-2924
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Nature Communications
Adjusting bacteria in intestines may lead to obesity treatments
A drug that appears to target specific intestinal bacteria in the guts of mice may create a chain reaction that could eventually lead to new treatments for obesity and diabetes in humans, according to a team of researchers.
Center for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health Research

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Recommendations guide physicians in treatment of systemic juvenile arthritis
In the US, there are nearly 300,000 children with juvenile arthritis and other rheumatic illnesses according to estimates from the American College of Rheumatology. For pediatric patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), effective treatment for this disabling disease is imperative. New treatment recommendations that guide physicians caring for children with systemic JIA are now published in the ACR journals, Arthritis & Rheumatism and Arthritis Care & Research.
American College of Rheumatology, National Institutes of Health, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Development of autoimmunity in patients with common variable immune deficiency
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Eric Meffre and colleagues at Yale University evaluated B cell activation and tolerance development in healthy individuals and CVID patients with one or two mutated copies of TACI.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Finnish Medical Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Child Development
Playing with blocks may help children's spatial and math thinking
Playing with blocks may help preschoolers develop the kinds of skills that support later learning in science, technology, engineering, and math, according to a new study that examined over a hundred three-year-olds of various socioeconomic levels. Researchers emphasized the importance of the study's implications because block building and puzzle play can improve children's spatial skills that in turn support complex mathematical problem solving in middle and high school.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Mandell
smandell@srcd.org
202-289-7903
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Child Development
Responsive interactions key to toddlers' ability to learn language
Responsive interactions are the key to toddlers' ability to learn language, according to a new study. Researchers studied 36 two-year-olds, who learned new verbs either through training with a live person, live video chat technology such as Skype, or prerecorded video instruction. Children learned new words only when conversing with a person live and in the video chat, both of which involve responsive social interactions, thus highlighting the importance of responsive interactions for language learning.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Mandell
smandell@srcd.org
202-289-7903
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Journal of Immunological Methods
UT Arlington researchers successfully test model for implant device reactions
A team from the University of Texas at Arlington has used mathematical modeling to develop a computer simulation they hope will one day improve the treatment of dangerous reactions to medical implants such as stents, catheters and artificial joints. Results from their computational model of foreign-body reactions to implants were consistent with biological models in lab tests. A new paper describing the results has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Immunological Methods.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Journal of Virology
Researchers discover a new way that influenza can infect cells
Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have uncovered a new mechanism by which influenza can infect cells -- a finding that ultimately may have implications for immunity against the flu.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Kristen Woodward
media@fredhutch.org
206-667-2210
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics
Kessler Foundation researcher receives Clinical Biomechanics Award at Annual Meeting in Omaha
Peter Barrance, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation received the 2013 Clinical Biomechanics Award at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics. Dr. Barrance, senior research scientist in Human Performance & Engineering Research, is primary author of the winning abstract, "Tibiofemoral contact location changes associated with lateral heel wedging: A study using weight-bearing MRI." Sponsored by Elsevier Science, Ltd., publisher of Clinical Biomechanics, the award recognizes outstanding new biomechanics research targeting a contemporary clinical problem.
NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, Kessler Foundation, Elsevier Science Ltd.

Contact: Carolann Murphy
CMurphy@KesslerFoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
PLOS ONE
Data from across globe defines distinct Kawasaki disease season
After more than four decades of research, strong evidence now shows that Kawasaki disease has a distinct seasonal occurrence shared by regions across the Northern hemisphere.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute, La Marató de TV3 Foundation

Contact: Debra Kain
ddkain@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Oncotarget
Johns Hopkins researchers erase human brain tumor cells in mice
Working with mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that weeks of treatment with a repurposed FDA-approved drug halted the growth of -- and ultimately left no detectable trace of -- brain tumor cells taken from adult human patients.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
ASTRO's 55th Annual Meeting
Protecting specific area of the brain during radiation therapy substantially reduces memory loss
Protecting the stem cells that reside in and around the hippocampus -- a C-shaped area in the temporal lobe on both sides of the brain associated with the ability to form and store memories -- substantially reduces the rate of cancer patients' memory loss during whole-brain radiotherapy without a significant risk of recurrence in that area of the brain, a new study shows. Results of the Phase II clinical trial are being presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology annual meeting.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Warmkessel
kwarmkessel@umm.edu
410-328-8919
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Annals of Neurology
Breakthrough offers first direct measurement of spinal cord myelin in multiple sclerosis
Researchers have made an exciting breakthrough -- developing a first-of-its-kind imaging tool to examine myelin damage in multiple sclerosis. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine scientists have developed a novel molecular probe detectable by positron emission tomography imaging. The new molecular marker, MeDAS, offers the first non-invasive visualization of myelin integrity of the entire spinal cord at the same time, as published today in an article in the Annals of Neurology.
Department of Defense, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Studeny
jessica.studeny@case.edu
216-368-4692
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Nature
It takes a(n academic) village to determine an enzyme's function
Scientists have sequenced the genomes of nearly 6,900 organisms, but they know the functions of only about half of the protein-coding genes thus far discovered. Now a multidisciplinary effort involving 15 scientists from three institutions has begun chipping away at this mystery -- in a big way. Their work to identify the function of one bacterial protein and the biochemical pathway in which it operates will also help identify the functions of hundreds of other proteins.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
JAMA Internal Medicine
Managed care reduces hospitalizations in nursing home residents with advanced dementia
Nursing home residents with advanced dementia commonly experience burdensome, costly interventions that do not improve their quality of life or extend their survival. Now a new study suggests that providing intensive primary care services may result in less burdensome and less costly care for these terminally ill residents.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Jennifer Davis
jdavis@hsl.harvard.edu
617-363-8282
Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Researchers work to block kidney, lung damage and pain in sickle cell disease
Restoring a balance of the most powerful dilator and the most potent constrictor of blood vessels in the body could help patients with sickle cell disease avoid kidney and lung damage as well as pain, researchers say.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Protein explains increased asthma severity in children exposed to diesel exhaust from traffic
A new study shows that exposure to diesel exhaust particles from traffic pollution leads to increased asthma severity in children. Moreover, the study finds that this is due to increased blood levels of IL-17A, a protein associated with several chronic inflammatory diseases, in children with high diesel exposure.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/ National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Jim Feuer
jim.feuer@cchmc.org
513-636-4656
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Siberian hamsters show what helps make seasonal clocks tick
Many animals, including humans, have internal clocks and calendars to help them regulate behavior, physiological functions and biological processes. Although scientists have extensively studied the timekeeping mechanisms that inform daily functions (circadian rhythms), they know very little about the timekeeping mechanisms that inform seasonal functions.
National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Hunger pains
Binge-eating disorder, only recently designated as a diagnosis by the American Psychiatric Association in its official diagnostic manual of mental conditions, is associated with lifelong impairments comparable to those of bulimia nervosa, a long-established eating disorder with more dramatic symptoms.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Mental Health Burden Study, Shire Pharmaceuticals

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer-killing cells controlled by epigenetic process, new study shows
Natural killer cells are white blood cells that can kill and contain cancer and infectious diseases. USC scientists have identified a specific enzyme that controls the development of natural killer cells in the body. Understanding how that enzyme affects the natural killer cell may help focus future drug development in the fight against cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society

Contact: Alison Trinidad
alison.trinidad@usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UMass Amherst study finds daytime naps enhance learning in preschool children
"Essentially we are the first to report evidence that naps are important for preschool children," Spencer says. "Our study shows that naps help the kids better remember what they are learning in preschool." Results appear in the current issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, UMass Amherst Commonwealth Honors College

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Showing releases 2926-2950 out of 3446.

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