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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2951-2975 out of 3582.

<< < 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 > >>

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Journal of American Geriatrics Society
Record number of older adults completing living wills
Study suggests people are less timid about broaching end-of-life planning and talking about death.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Northwestern study tests drug against Parkinson's disease
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine was awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct a $16 million phase III national study of the safety and efficacy of the drug isradipine as a potential neuroprotective agent in Parkinson's disease. This is the only phase III Parkinson's neuroprotective study currently funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke at NIH.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
JAMA
Like hand-washing, blood transfusions linked to infections
Blood transfusions are among the most common treatments for hospitalized patients nationwide, but doing them less often reduces infection rates by nearly 20 percent, according to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association co-authored by Neil Blumberg, M.D., professor at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Leslie Orr
Leslie_Orr@urmc.rochester.edu
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Cerebral Cortex
Study finds link between child's obesity and cognitive function
A new University of Illinois study finds that obese children are slower than healthy-weight children to recognize when they have made an error and correct it. The research is the first to show that weight status not only affects how quickly children react to stimuli but also impacts the level of activity that occurs in the cerebral cortex during action monitoring.
NIH/National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Good vibrations: Using light-heated water to deliver drugs
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, in collaboration with materials scientists, engineers and neurobiologists, have discovered a new mechanism for using light to activate drug-delivering nanoparticles and other targeted therapeutic substances inside the body.
NIH/New Innovator Award, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Human Brain Mapping
New test makes Parkinson's-like disorder of middle age detectable in young adulthood
The very earliest signs of a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder, in which physical symptoms are not apparent until the fifth decade of life, are detectable in individuals as young as 30 years old using a new, sophisticated type of neuroimaging, researchers at UC Davis, the University of Illinois and UCLA have found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
phyllis.brown@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9023
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Common molecular defect offers treatment hope for group of rare disorders
Duke Medicine researchers studying tiny, antennae-like structures called cilia have found a potential way to ease some of the physical damage of numerous genetic disorders that result when these essential cellular components are defective.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Southern Medical Journal
Study looks at why vitamin D deficiency diagnoses surged
New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center suggests that physicians are ordering vitamin D deficiency screening tests for preventive care purposes rather than after patients develop conditions caused by decreased bone density.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Bonnie Davis
bdavis@wakehealth.edu
336-716-4977
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Likely culprit in spread of colon cancer identified
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville has implicated a poorly understood protein called PLAC8 in the spread of colon cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
JAMA
Overuse of blood transfusions increases infection risk
The fewer the red blood cell transfusions, the less likely patients were to develop infections like pneumonia.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Heart attack gene, MRP-14, triggers blood clot formation
Scientists at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center have reached a groundbreaking milestone toward this goal. They have studied humans and mice and discovered how MRP-14 generates dangerous clots that could trigger heart attack or stroke, and what happens by manipulating MRP-14. This study describes a previously unrecognized platelet-dependent pathway of thrombosis. The results of this research will appear in the April edition of the Journal for Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health, Case Western Reserve University Cardiovascular Research Institute

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Neuromonitoring with pulse-train stimulation for implantation of thoracic pedicle screws
Researchers from Syracuse, N.Y., report a new, highly accurate, neuromonitoring method that can be used during thoracic spine surgery to prevent malpositioning of pedicle screws such that they enter the spinal canal and possibly cause postoperative neurological impairment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jo Ann M. Eliason
jaeliason@thejns.org
434-962-1425
Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Radiology
Digital mammography reduces recall and biopsy rates
Population-based screening with full-field digital mammography is associated with lower recall and biopsy rates than screen film mammography, suggesting that full-field digital mammography may reduce the number of diagnostic workups and biopsies that do not lead to diagnosis of breast cancer, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Sleep
Poor sleep quality linked to cognitive decline in older men
A new study of older men found a link between poor sleep quality and the development of cognitive decline over three to four years.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
lcelmer@aasmnet.org
630-737-9700
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Vibration may help heal chronic wounds
Wounds may heal more quickly if exposed to low-intensity vibration, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Weaker gut instinct makes teens open to risky behavior
Making snap decisions usually means following your initial reaction -- going with your gut. But some adolescents are more likely to heed outside influences, leaving them vulnerable to risky behaviors. The study is part of a larger investigation of how teens make decisions based on body sensations and could help design prevention and treatment that hones in on risky decision-making.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
BJU International
Certain genetic variants may identify patients at higher risk of bladder cancer recurrence
A new study by Dartmouth researchers suggests that certain inherited DNA sequences may affect a bladder cancer patient's prognosis. These findings may help physicians identify sub-groups of high risk bladder cancer patients who should receive more frequent screenings and aggressive treatment and monitoring.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Dutcher
robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Nature Materials
New Penn-designed gel allows for targeted therapy after heart attack
Each patient responds to heart attacks differently and damage can vary from one part of the heart muscle to another. Penn researchers have now developed a way to address this variation via a material that can be applied directly to damaged heart tissue.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans' Affairs Health Administration

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
BMJ
BUSM study finds increasing health coverage does not improve readmission rates
In a first of its kind retrospective study, Boston University School of Medicine researchers have found that providing health insurance coverage to previously uninsured people does not result in reducing 30-day readmission rates. The study, which appears in the British Medical Journal, used data on actual (versus self-reported) use of care and also found no change in racial/ethnic disparities in this outcome, despite a markedly higher baseline of uninsurance among African-American and Hispanics in Massachusetts.
National Institutes of Health, Rx foundation, Senior Research Career Scientist

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Possible explanation for human diseases caused by defective ribosomes
Mutations in proteins that make ribosomes cause disorders called 'ribosomopathies,' which are characterized by bone marrow failure and anemia early in life, followed by elevated cancer risk in middle age. How can ribosomopathies first appear as diseases caused by too few cells, but later turn into diseases caused by too many cells? This paradox has puzzled the scientific community. A new study suggests ribosomopathies are caused by a sequence of mistakes at the molecular level.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Experimental cancer drug reverses schizophrenia in adolescent mice
Johns Hopkins researchers say that an experimental anticancer compound appears to have reversed behaviors associated with schizophrenia and restored some lost brain cell function in adolescent mice with a rodent version of the devastating mental illness.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, and others

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Oncology Nursing Forum
Mobile tools boost tobacco screening and cessation counseling
Smartphones and tablets may hold the key to getting more clinicians to screen patients for tobacco use and advise smokers on how to quit. Even though tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the US, clinicians often don't ask about smoking during patient exams.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Lisa Rapaport
lr2692@cumc.columbia.edu
212-342-3795
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Pediatrics
Burden of diabetic ketoacidosis still unacceptably high
Diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening but preventable condition, remains an important problem for youth with diabetes and their families.
Center for Disease Control Division of Diabetes Translation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jackie Brinkman
jackie.brinkman@ucdenver.edu
303-724-1525
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Self-healing engineered muscle grown in the laboratory
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have grown living skeletal muscle that contracts powerfully and rapidly, integrates quickly into mice, and for the first time, demonstrates the ability to heal itself both inside the laboratory and inside an animal.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Heart health as young adult linked to mental function in mid-life
Having blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels slightly higher than the recommended guidelines in early adulthood is associated with lower cognitive function in mid-life.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Kaiser Foundation Research Institute

Contact: Darcy Spitz
Darcy.Spitz@heart.org
212-878-5940
American Heart Association

Showing releases 2951-2975 out of 3582.

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