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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2951-2975 out of 3479.

<< < 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 > >>

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Nurse navigators help cancer patients cope early in care
When Group Health patients received support from a nurse navigator, or advocate, soon after a cancer diagnosis, they had better experiences and fewer problems with their care -- particularly in health information, care coordination, and psychological and social care -- according to a randomized controlled trial in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of General Physiology
Controlling our circadian rhythms
Most people have experienced the effects of circadian-rhythm disruption, after traveling across time zones or adjusting to a new schedule. To have any hope of modulating our biological "clocks," we need to first understand the physiology at play. A new study in the Journal of General Physiology helps explain some of the biophysical processes underlying regulation of circadian rhythms.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Physiological Society

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Identification of a genetic mutation associated with steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Friedhelm Hildebrandt and colleagues at Boston Children's Hospital identified mutations in gene encoding the aarF domain containing kinase 4 (ADCK4) in 15 individuals with steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome from eight different families.
National Institutes of Health, Kidney Foundation of Canada and Nephcure Canada, National Research Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Balancing T cell populations
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Yun-Cai Lu and colleagues at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology investigated the role of the mTOR regulator tuberous sclerosis 1 in maintaining immune homeostasis.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Identifying targets of autoantibodies
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jordan Price and colleagues at Stanford University developed a microarray to identify cytokines, chemokines, and other circulating proteins as potential targets of the autoantibodies produced by SLE patients.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health, National Organization for Rare Disorders

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Circadian clock proteins maintain neuronal cell function
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Erik Musiek and colleagues at Washington University School of Medicine asked whether BMAL1 and the rest of the core clock contribute to the maintenance of healthy neurons.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, American Academy of Neurology

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 24-Nov-2013
Meat, egg and dairy nutrient essential for brain development
"The cells of the body can do without it because they use asparagine provided through diet. Asparagine, however, is not well transported to the brain via the blood-brain barrier," said senior co-author of the study Dr. Jacques Michaud, who found that brain cells depend on the local synthesis of asparagine to function properly.
Fonds de recherche du Québec -- Santé, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
University of Montreal

Public Release: 24-Nov-2013
Nature Immunology
Study identifies protein essential for immune recognition, response to viral infection
A Massachusetts General Hospital-led research team has identified an immune cell protein that is critical to setting off the body's initial response against viral infection. They found that a protein called GEF-H1 is essential to the ability of macrophages -- major contributors to the innate immune system -- to respond to viral infections like influenza.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Nov-2013
How living cells solved a needle in a haystack problem to produce electrical signals
Scientists have figured out how cells do the improbable: pick the charged calcium ions out of vast sodium sea to generate electrical signals. The speed and accuracy of this selection is crucial to the beating of the heart and the flow of nerve impulses in the brain. The finding is likely to assist the development of new drugs, such as safer medications for chronic pain.
National Insittutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
Nature Immunology
Paths not taken: Notch signaling pathway keeps immature T cells on the right track
One protein called Notch, which has well-known roles in the development of multiple tissues, plays an essential role in triggering T-cell development. Notch signaling induces expression of genes that promote the maturation of T cells and discourage alternative cell fates. Deficiency of the Notch target gene Hes1 in blood stem cells results in extremely low T-cell numbers, and could shed light on how normal cells are transformed in the context of cancer.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
American Journal of Hematology
Study finds link between allergies and increased risk of blood cancers in women
A team of scientists looking into the interplay of the immune system and cancer have found a link between a history of airborne allergies -- in particular to plants, grass and trees -- with risk of blood cancers in women.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
Journal of American College of Surgeons
Extent of obesity not strongest factor for patients when choosing weight loss operation
A new study investigating why obese patients choose one type of weight loss operation over another reveals that the main factors influencing decision making are whether patients have type 2 diabetes, how much weight they want to lose, and their tolerance for surgical risk to achieve their ideal weight.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/Midcareer Mentorship Award

Contact: Sally Garneski
American College of Surgeons

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
UT Dallas professor wins $2.3 million NIH award
Dr. Robert Gregg, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering and bioengineering at UT Dallas, received the award based on his creative, innovative and potentially impactful work to improve prosthetic limbs and orthotic devices.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
Genome Biology
Epigenetic changes may explain chronic kidney disease
Researchers found, in a genome-wide survey, significant differences in the pattern of chemical modifications on DNA that affect gene expression in kidney cells from patients with chronic kidney disease versus healthy controls. This is the first study to show that changes in these modifications -- the cornerstone of the field of epigenetics -- might explain chronic kidney disease.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-Nov-2013
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption increases endometrial cancer risk
Postmenopausal women who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages were more likely to develop the most common type of endometrial cancer compared with women who did not drink sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
UCSF scientist wins $89 million grant to study anal cancer in HIV-infected people
A UC San Francisco investigator has won an eight-year grant from the National Cancer Institute for a major investigation into anal cancer, a debilitating and sometimes fatal disease largely concentrated among people with HIV.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Heavy drinking is bad for marriage if 1 spouse drinks, but not both
Do drinking and marriage mix? That depends on who's doing the drinking -- and how much -- according to a recent study by the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
Kessler Foundation study provides first Class 1 evidence for cognitive rehabilitation in MS
Kessler Foundation researchers published the results of the MEMREHAB Trial in Neurology, providing the first Class I evidence for the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis. The article, "An RCT to treat learning impairment in MS," was released as an e-pub ahead of print on Nov. 8. It was accompanied by an editorial, "Let's rehabilitate cognitive rehabilitation for MS."
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Study finds gene network associated with alcohol dependence
Using a new approach that combines genome-wide association studies with information about which human proteins interact with one another, researchers from the University of Iowa and Yale University Medical School have identified a group of 39 genes that together are strongly associated with alcoholism.
National Institutes of Health, Alcoholic Beverage Medical Research Foundation, Veterans Administration

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
MU research sheds light on nerve regeneration following spinal cord injury
University of Missouri researchers have discovered how the sea lamprey, an eel-like fish, regrows the neurons that comprise the long nerve "highways" that link the brain to the spinal cord. Findings may guide future efforts to promote recovery in humans who have suffered spinal cord injuries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
Cincinnati Children's researchers develop first molecular test to diagnose eosinophilic esophagitis
Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have developed the first molecular test to diagnose eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a chronic upper gastrointestinal disorder. The incidence of EoE has skyrocketed since it was first characterized two decades ago.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
High HIV knowledge and risky sexual behavior not associated with HIV testing in young adolescents
New research from Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine has found that teens most likely to be tested for HIV had strong partner communication about HIV and were in committed relationships. Having high knowledge about HIV and engaging in risky sexual activity did not increase testing. The study of nearly 1,000 Bronx, NY teens was published in the November issue of AIDS Patient Care and STDs.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
Stress and isolation take toll on those under 50 with HIV; older people fare better
Case Western Reserve University researchers were surprised to learn that people younger than 50 years old with HIV feel more isolated and stressed than older people with the disease. They expected their study to reveal just the opposite.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ultrasound, nanoparticles may help diabetics avoid the needle
A new nanotechnology-based technique for regulating blood sugar in diabetics may give patients the ability to release insulin painlessly using a small ultrasound device, allowing them to go days between injections -- rather than using needles to give themselves multiple insulin injections each day.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
2 human proteins found to affect how 'jumping gene' gets around
Using a new method to catch elusive "jumping genes" in the act, researchers have found two human proteins that are used by one type of DNA to replicate itself and move from place to place. The discovery, described in the Nov. 21 issue of Cell, breaks new ground in understanding the arms race between a jumping gene and cells working to limit the risk posed by such volatile bits of DNA.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 2951-2975 out of 3479.

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