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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3571.

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Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Johns Hopkins study shows link between HIV infection and coronary artery disease
Men with long-term HIV infections are at higher risk than uninfected men of developing plaque in their coronary arteries, regardless of their other risk factors for coronary artery disease, according to results of a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers. A report on the research appears in the April 1 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Computer maps 21 distinct emotional expressions -- even 'happily disgusted'
Researchers at The Ohio State University have found a way for computers to recognize 21 distinct facial expressions -- even expressions for complex or seemingly contradictory emotions such as 'happily disgusted' or 'sadly angry.' The study more than triples the number of documented facial expressions that researchers can now use for cognitive analysis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Researchers reveal a new pathway through the sodium pump
The ubiquitous sodium pump appears to be more versatile than we thought. In addition to its role as a sodium and potassium ion transporter, researchers now show that the pump can simultaneously import protons into the cell. The study not only provides evidence of 'hybrid' function by the pump, it also raises important questions about whether the inflow of protons through sodium pumps might play a role in certain pathologies, including heart attack and stroke.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Methods
Scripps Florida scientists offer 'best practices' nutrition measurement for researchers
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have developed what amounts to a best practices guide to the most accurate way of measuring fruit fly food consumption.
National Institutes of Health, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Erasing a genetic mutation
An MIT team reverses a liver disorder in mice by correcting a mutated gene.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Marie D. and Pierre Casimir-Lambert Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Neuroscience
A new approach to Huntington's disease?
Tweaking a specific cell type's ability to absorb potassium in the brain improved walking and prolonged survival in a mouse model of Huntington's disease, reports a University of California Los Angeles study published March 30 in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. The discovery could point to new drug targets for treating the devastating disease, which strikes one in every 20,000 Americans.
CHDI Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Whether they reduce fat or not, obesity programs lower kids' blood pressure
A systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of the effect of child obesity intervention programs on blood pressure has found that whether such programs prevented obesity or not, many of them reduced blood pressure in children.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Pat Donovan
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers develop technique to measure engineered nanomaterials delivered to cells
Scientists at the Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology at Harvard School of Public Health have discovered a fast, simple, and inexpensive method to measure the effective density of engineered nanoparticles in physiological fluids, thereby making it possible to accurately determine the amount of nanomaterials that come into contact with cells and tissue in culture. The method will be published in the March 28, 2014 Nature Communications.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Science Foundation, Harvard School of Public Health/Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
UNC researchers show cancer chemotherapy accelerates 'molecular aging'
Using a test developed at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center to determine molecular aging, UNC oncologists have directly measured the impact of anti-cancer chemotherapy drugs on biological aging.
National Institutes of Health, Paul Glenn Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Breast Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: William Davis
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
Esophageal function implicated in life-threatening experiences in infants, study suggests
A study of apparent life-threatening events -- called ALTEs for short -- suggests that infants who experience them have abnormal regulation of esophageal and airway function compared to healthy babies. The findings, published online March 28 in the Journal of Pediatrics by a team in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, offer new information about the mechanisms behind ALTEs and what clinicians and parents can do to avoid them.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Researchers identify good bacteria that protects against HIV
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston by growing vaginal skin cells outside the body and studying the way they interact with 'good and bad' bacteria, think they may be able to better identify the good bacteria that protect women from HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections.
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston/Translational Sciences, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Raul Reyes
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
The Journal of Neuroscience
Brain scans link concern for justice with reason, not emotion
People who care about justice are swayed more by reason than emotion, according to new brain scan research from the University of Chicago Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Jann Ingmire
University of Chicago

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Nature Medicine
Mechanical forces driving breast cancer lead to key molecular discovery
The stiffening of breast tissue in breast-cancer development points to a new way to distinguish a type of breast cancer with a poor prognosis from a related, but often less deadly type, UC San Francisco researchers have found in a new study.
US Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program, Susan G. Komen, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Cancer Cell
Adult cancer drugs show promise against an aggressive childhood brain tumor
The quest to improve survival of children with a high-risk brain tumor has led St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators to two drugs already used to treat adults with breast, pancreatic, lung and other cancers. The study was published today online ahead of print in the journal Cancer Cell.
National Institutes of Health, French National Cancer Institute, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Institut Curie, Necker Hospital, V Foundation, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer researchers find key protein link
A new understanding of proteins at the nexus of a cell's decision to survive or die has implications for researchers who study cancer and age-related diseases.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas, Israeli Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Neurobiologists find chronic stress in early life causes anxiety, aggression in adulthood
In experiments to assess the impacts of social stress upon adolescent mice, both at the time they are experienced and during adulthood, a Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory team conducted many different kinds of stress tests and means of measuring their impacts. The research indicates that a 'hostile environment in adolescence disturbs psychoemotional state and social behaviors of animals in adult life,' the team says.
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
National Cancer Institute awards $2.2 million grant to Jackson Professor Yijun Ruan
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a three-year grant totaling $2,168,535 to Professor Yijun Ruan, Ph.D., of The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, for his research into the role of non-coding RNAs in cancer and other diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joyce Peterson
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Quality early childhood programs help prevent chronic diseases in later life
Disadvantaged children who attend high-quality early childhood development programs including healthcare and nutrition have significantly improved health as adults, reports a new study.
American Bar Foundation, Pritzker Children's Initiative, Buffett Early Childhood Fund, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Current Biology
Foraging bats can warn each other away from their dinners
University of Maryland scientists have discovered a new call that some bats use to tell other foraging bats to 'back off' from bugs they've claimed for themselves. This sound, called a 'frequency-modulated bout,' warns other bats away from prey. The Maryland researchers are first to report this ultrasonic social call produced exclusively by flying, foraging male big brown bats, in a study in the Mar. 31 issue of Current Biology.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institutes on Deafness and other Communication Disorders

Contact: Rebecca Copeland
University of Maryland

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Current Biology
In mapping feat, Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint neurons where select memories grow
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been able to pinpoint a handful of neurons where certain types of memory formation occur.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Cell Reports
Scientists find potential target for treating mitochondrial disorders
Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a protein whose inhibition could hold the key to alleviating suffering caused by mitochondrial disorders found in cancer, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and mitochondrial diseases.
National Institutes of Health, David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Alexander and Margaret Stewart Trust Fund

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
Air pollution from traffic increases odds of hospital readmission for asthma
Higher exposure to traffic-related air pollution dramatically increases the odds of readmission to the hospital for asthma -- but only for white children, according to a new Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Using tobacco to thwart infectious disease?
An international research group led by Arizona State University professor Qiang 'Shawn' Chen has developed a new generation of potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West Nile virus, and other pathogens. The therapeutics, known as monoclonal antibodies and their derivatives, were shown to neutralize and protect mice against a lethal dose challenge of West Nile virus -- even as late as four days after the initial infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joe Caspermeyer
Arizona State University

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
How size splits cells
Contrary to previous findings suggesting a protein measures cell length, a different protein is found to measure the cell's surface area.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zoe Dunford
Norwich BioScience Institutes

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
UT Southwestern cancer biologists link tumor suppressor gene to stem cells
Just as archeologists try to decipher ancient tablets to discern their meaning, UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer biologists are working to decode the purpose of an ancient gene considered one of the most important in cancer research.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Ellison Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Welch Foundation

Contact: Patrick McGee
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3571.

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