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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3621.

<< < 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 > >>

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
PLOS Medicine
Moles linked to risk for breast cancer
Cutaneous nevi, commonly known as moles, may be a novel predictor of breast cancer, according to two studies published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Jiali Han and colleagues from Indiana University and Harvard University, United States, and Marina Kvaskoff and colleagues from INSERM, France, report that women with a greater number of nevi are more likely to develop breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Social Science & Medicine
In fighting obesity, targeting popular teens not all that effective
In the fight against teenage obesity, some researchers have proposed targeting popular teens, in the belief that such kids would have an outsize influence on their peers. But in a Loyola University Chicago study, researchers were surprised to find that this strategy would be only marginally more effective than targeting overweight kids at random.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seafarers brought Neolithic culture to Europe, gene study indicates
Genetic evidence in modern populations suggests that Neolithic farmers from the Levant traveled mostly by sea to reach Europe. By 7,000 B.C., they were introducing their ideas and their genes to the native Paleolithic people, who had migrated to the continent 30,000 to 40,000 years before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Union Social Fund

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein could put antibiotic-resistant bugs in handcuffs
A team from Duke and the University of Sydney has solved the structure of a key protein that drives DNA copying in the plasmids that make staphylococcus bacteria antibiotic resistant. Knowing how this protein works may now help researchers devise new ways to stop the plasmids from spreading antibiotic resistance in staph by preventing the plasmids from copying themselves.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Medical Research Council of Australia

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children; rises with complex tests
Children with heart disease are exposed to low levels of radiation during X-rays, which do not significantly raise their lifetime cancer risk. However, children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, Mend a Heart Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Immunology
Faster, higher, stronger: A protein that enables powerful initial immune response
A team of Wistar scientists offer evidence that a protein, called Foxp1, is a key controller of our immune system's ability to generate an antibody response. Manipulating this protein's activity, they say, could provide a useful pathway to boosting antibody responses to treat infectious diseases, for example, or suppressing them to treat autoimmune disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation, Martha W. Rogers Trust

Contact: Greg Lester
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Does 'free will' stem from brain noise?
Our ability to make choices -- and sometimes mistakes -- might arise from random fluctuations in the brain's background electrical noise, according to a recent study from the Center for Mind and Brain at UC Davis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
ASCO 50th Annual Meeting
African-American women more likely to be diagnosed with higher risk breast cancer
A research study led by cancer specialists at MedStar Washington Hospital Center's Washington Cancer Institute found that African-American women frequently present with biologically less favorable subtypes of breast cancer. The researchers analyzed the biology of breast cancer in 100 African-American women, using a method of genomic profiling. These genomic tests look at the expression of genes associated with the risk of recurrence in the population and further characterizes the biology of the tumor.
National Institutes of Health, National Center for Research Resources, Safeway Foundation

Contact: Sylvia T. Ballinger
MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
CU researchers explain mechanism that helps viruses spread
In an article published in the scientific journal Nature, a University of Colorado School of Medicine researcher and colleagues explain how RNA molecules found in certain viruses mimic the shape of other molecules as part of a strategy to 'hijack' the cell and make more viruses.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Couch
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Penn receives $10 million award to study asbestos adverse health effects, remediation
Researchers at the Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, have been awarded a $10 million grant from the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences over the next four years to study asbestos exposure pathways that lead to mesothelioma, the bioremediation of this hazardous material, and mechanisms that lead to asbestos-related diseases.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
City of Hope links specific gene to adult growth of brain cells, learning and memory
Learning and memory are regulated by a region of the brain known as the hippocampus. New research from City of Hope has found that stimulating a specific gene could prompt growth -- in adults -- of new neurons in this critical region, leading to faster learning and better memories.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole White
City of Hope

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Game technology teaches mice and men to hear better in noisy environments
Researchers from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School and Harvard University programmed a new type of game that trained both mice and humans to enhance their ability to discriminate soft sounds in noisy backgrounds. Their findings will be published in PNAS Online Early Edition the week of June 9-13, 2014.
National Institutes of Health, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Curing Kids Fund

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Combination therapy may help patients with follicular lymphoma
Follicular lymphoma is an incurable form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is diagnosed each year in 120,000 people worldwide. Researchers show that a high-risk group of patients with the disease could benefit from a novel drug combination.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, Leukemia Research Foundation, and others

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
UNC researchers pinpoint new role for enzyme in DNA repair, kidney cancer
Twelve years ago, UNC School of Medicine researcher Brian Strahl, PhD, found that a protein called Set2 plays a role in how yeast genes are expressed -- specifically how DNA gets transcribed into messenger RNA. Now his lab has found that Set2 is also a major player in DNA repair, a complicated and crucial process that can lead to the development of cancer cells if the repair goes wrong.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Statin use associated with less physical activity
One of the longest studies of its type has found that use of statins in older men is associated with less physical activity, a significant issue for a population that's already sedentary. The findings, published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, raise concerns about a decline in much-needed physical activity among men who take some of the most widely prescribed medications in the world.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Foundation of Oregon

Contact: David Lee
Oregon State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Circulation Research: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging tests is low for most children
Standard X-rays don't significantly raise cancer risks among young children. However, children undergoing more complex procedures with higher radiation doses like cardiac catheterizations and computed tomography scans have higher cancer risks over their lifetime. Parents should discuss options with healthcare providers before kids undergo imaging that exposes them to radiation.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Darcy Spitz
American Heart Association

Public Release: 8-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
Longer telomeres linked to risk of brain cancer
New genomic research led by UC San Francisco scientists reveals that two common gene variants that lead to longer telomeres, the caps on chromosome ends thought by many scientists to confer health by protecting cells from aging, also significantly increase the risk of developing the deadly brain cancers known as gliomas.
National Institutes of Health, National Brain Tumor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco

Contact: Peter Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Scientists reveal details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells
The New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure used X-rays at Brookhaven Lab's National Synchrotron Light Source to decipher the atomic level structure of a protein that regulates the level of calcium in cells, providing clues about a key signaling agent that can trigger programmed cell death and potentially leading to new anticancer drug targets.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Brain traffic jams that can disappear in 30 seconds
Motorists in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and other gridlocked cities could learn something from the fruit fly.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Lower asthma risk is associated with microbes in infants' homes
Infants exposed to a diverse range of bacterial species in house dust during the first year of life appear to be less likely to develop asthma in early childhood, according to a new study published online on June 6, 2014, in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Acta Biomaterialia
Better tissue healing with disappearing hydrogels
When stem cells are used to regenerate bone tissue, many wind up migrating away from the repair site, which disrupts the healing process. But a University of Rochester research team makes use of hydrogel polymers in keeping the stem cells in place, resulting in faster and better tissue regeneration.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Endoscope with an oxygen sensor detects pancreatic cancer
An optical blood oxygen sensor attached to an endoscope is able to identify pancreatic cancer in patients via a simple lendoscopic procedure, according to researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Mayo Clinic Foundation for Medical Education & Research

Contact: Kevin Punsky
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Three gene networks discovered in autism, may present treatment targets
A large new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. These networks may offer attractive targets for developing new autism drugs or repurposing existing drugs that act on components of these networks.
National Institutes of Health, AGRE Consortium

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Newborns exposed to dirt, dander and germs may have lower allergy and asthma risk
Infants exposed to rodent and pet dander, roach allergens and a wide variety of household bacteria in the first year of life appear less likely to suffer from allergies, wheezing and asthma, according to results of a study conducted by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and other institutions.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Scientists find new targets that could increase effectiveness of breast cancer treatments
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have found new targets for potential intervention in breast cancer. These new targets could eventually increase effectiveness and reduce the undesirable side effects associated with current treatments.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3621.

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