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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3400.

<< < 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 > >>

Public Release: 9-Jun-2013
Mice give new clues to origins of OCD
Columbia Psychiatry researchers have identified what they think may be a mechanism underlying the development of compulsive behaviors. The finding suggests possible approaches to treating or preventing certain characteristics of OCD.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. Scholars Program, Irving Institute for Clinical and Translation Research

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Jun-2013
Scientists identify potential drug target for treatment-resistant anemias
Researchers at Whitehead Institute have identified a key target protein of glucocorticoids, the drugs that are used to increase red blood cell production in patients with certain types of anemia, including those resulting from trauma, sepsis, malaria, kidney dialysis, and chemotherapy. The discovery could spur development of drugs capable of increasing this protein's production and thus increased numbers of red blood cells without causing the severe side effects associated with glucocorticoids.
National Institutes of Health, Singapore-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alliance

Contact: Nicole Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 9-Jun-2013
Nature Neuroscience
3-D map of blood vessels in cerebral cortex holds suprises
Blood vessels within a sensory area of the mammalian brain loop and connect in unexpected ways, a new map has revealed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Kleinfeld
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Jun-2013
Nature Neuroscience
Gladstone scientists map process by which brain cells form long-term memories
Scientists have deciphered how a protein called Arc regulates the activity of neurons--providing much-needed clues into the brain's ability to form long-lasting memories. These findings, reported today in Nature Neuroscience, also offer newfound understanding as to what goes on at the molecular level when this process becomes disrupted.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, National Institute on Aging, Keck Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Common genetic disease linked to father's age
Scientists at USC have unlocked the mystery of why new cases of the genetic disease Noonan syndrome are so common; a mutation that causes the disease disproportionately increases a normal father's production of sperm carrying the disease trait.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Researchers discover normal molecular pathway affected in poor-prognosis childhood leukemia
Through genetic engineering of laboratory models, researchers at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Cancer Center have uncovered a vulnerability in the way cancer cells diverge from normal regenerating cells that may help treat children with leukemia as reported in the journal PNAS on June 3, 2013.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Dubuc
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
$18 million to study deadly secrets of flu, Ebola, West Nile viruses
In an effort to sort out why some viruses such as influenza, Ebola and West Nile are so lethal, a team of US researchers plans a comprehensive effort to model how humans respond to these viral pathogens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Yoshihiro Kawaoka
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Molecular Therapy
U of M researchers find novel gene correction model for epidermolysis bullosa
A research team led by pediatric blood and marrow transplantation experts Mark Osborn, Ph.D. and Jakub Tolar, M.D., Ph.D. from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, have discovered a remarkable new way to repair genetic defects in the skin cells of patients with the skin disease epidermolysis bullosa.
Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Fund, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Researchers discover how brain circuits can become miswired during development
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have uncovered a mechanism that guides the exquisite wiring of neural circuits in a developing brain -- gaining unprecedented insight into the faulty circuits that may lead to brain disorders ranging from autism to mental retardation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Rodgers
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Nature Communications
Herpes virus exploits immune response to bolster infection
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and colleagues report that the herpes simplex virus type-1, which affects an estimated 50 to 80 percent of all American adults, exploits an immune system receptor to boost its infectiousness and ability to cause disease.
Atopic Dermatitis Research Network, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Stem Cell Research
Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, autism now have new research tool: Mature brain cells derived from skin cells
Difficult-to-study diseases such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, and autism now can be probed more safely and effectively thanks to an innovative new method for obtaining mature brain cells called neurons from reprogrammed skin cells. The research offers the promise of direct disease modeling, allowing for the creation, in a Petri dish, of mature human neurons that behave a lot like neurons that grow naturally in the human brain.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Access to health care among Thailand's poor reduces infant mortality
When health care reform in Thailand increased payments to public hospitals for indigent care, more poor people sought medical treatment and infant mortality was reduced, even though the cost of medical care remained free for the poor, a new study shows.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cheryl Lynn Reed
Consortium on Financial Systems & Poverty

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Unusual antibodies in cows suggest new ways to make therapies for people
Humans have been raising cows for their meat, hides and milk for millennia. Now it appears that the cow immune system also has something to offer. A new study led by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute focusing on an extraordinary family of cow antibodies points to new ways to make human medicines. family of cow antibodies points to new ways to make human medicines.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Eligibility for aspirin for primary prevention in men increases when cancer mortality benefit added
A research team, including University of North Carolina School of Medicine scientists, reports that including the positive effect of aspirin on cancer mortality influences the threshold for prescribing aspirin for primary prevention in men.
Partnership for Prevention, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Dianne Shaw
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
MRI study: Breastfeeding boosts babies' brain growth
A study using brain images from "quiet" MRI machines adds to the growing body of evidence that breastfeeding improves brain development in infants. Breastfeeding alone produced better brain development than a combination of breastfeeding and formula, which produced better development than formula alone.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
MIT study sheds light on what causes compulsive behavior, could improve OCD treatments
By activating a brain circuit that controls compulsive behavior, MIT neuroscientists have shown that they can block a compulsive behavior in mice -- a result that could help researchers develop new treatments for diseases such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and Tourette's syndrome.
Simons Initiative on Autism and the Brain, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
How young genes gain a toehold on becoming indispensable
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists have, for the first time, mapped a young gene's short, dramatic evolutionary journey to becoming essential, or indispensable. In a study published online June 6 in Science, the researchers detail one gene's rapid switch to a new and essential function in the fruit fly, challenging the long-held belief that only ancient genes are important.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, European Union Network, Mathers Foundation

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
Small lifestyle changes may have big impact on reducing stroke risk
Making small lifestyle changes could reduce your stroke risk. Every one-point increase toward a better health score was associated with an 8 percent lower stroke risk. A better health score was associated with a similar reduction in stroke risk in blacks and whites.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Cell Stem Cell
Scientists coax brain to regenerate cells lost in Huntington's disease
Researchers have been able to mobilize the brain's native stem cells to replenish a type of neuron lost in Huntington's disease. In the study, which appears today in the journal Cell Stem Cell, the scientists were able to both trigger the production of new neurons in mice with the disease and show that the new cells successfully integrated into the brain's existing neural networks, dramatically extending the survival of the treated mice.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, New York State Stem Cell Science, CHDI Foundation, Hereditary Disease Foundation

Contact: Mark Michaud
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Metabolic model of E. coli reveals how bacterial growth responds to temperature change
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a computational model of 1,366 genes in E. coli that includes 3D protein structures and has enabled them to compute the temperature sensitivity of the bacterium's proteins. The study, published June 7 in the journal Science, opens the door for engineers to create heat-tolerant microbial strains for production of commodity chemicals, therapeutic proteins and other industrial applications.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 6-Jun-2013
Brain imaging study eliminates differences in visual function as a cause of dyslexia
A new brain imaging study of dyslexia shows that visual system differences do not cause the disorder, but instead are likely a consequence. "Our results confirm that differences in the visual system of children with dyslexia are the end-product of less reading, when compared with typical readers, and are not the cause of their struggles with reading," said Guinevere Eden, director, Center for the Study of Learning at Georgetown University; past-president, International Dyslexia Association.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Karen Mallet
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Jun-2013
Cancer Causes & Control
Rural living presents health challenges for cancer survivors
Cancer survivors who live in rural areas aren't as healthy as their urban counterparts, according to new research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Jun-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
New disease-to-drug genetic matching puts snowboarder back on slopes
A recent article in the New England Journal of Medicine describes genetic testing of a rare blood cancer called atypical chronic neutrophilic leukemia that revealed a new mutation present in most patients with the disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 5-Jun-2013
School-located vaccination programs could reduce flu cases and deaths among children
Offering flu vaccines at elementary schools could expand vaccination rates and reduce costs, according to a new study reported in the scientific journal Vaccine by researchers from UC Davis Health System; the Monroe County, NY, Department of Public Health; University of Rochester Medical Center; and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Karen Finney
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 5-Jun-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Over-produced autism gene alters synapses, affects learning and behavior in mice
A gene linked to autism spectrum disorders that was manipulated in two lines of transgenic mice produced mature adults with irreversible deficits affecting either learning or social interaction.
National Institutes of Health, Autism Speaks, American Psychological Association, National Science Foundation, Becas Chile

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3400.

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