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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3753.

<< < 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 > >>

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Best supporting actors in your ears? Research points to potential way to restore hearing
There's a cast of characters deep inside your ears -- many kinds of tiny cells working together to allow you to hear. The lead actors, called hair cells, play the crucial role in carrying sound signals to the brain. But new research shows that when it comes to restoring lost hearing ability, the spotlight may fall on some of the ear's supporting actors -- and their understudies.
Sir Henry Wellcome Fellowship, Hearing Health Foundation Emerging Research Grant, Boston Children's Hospital Otolaryngology Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities of St. Jude

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists unveil new targets, test to develop treatments for memory disorder
In a pair of related studies, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a number of new therapeutic targets for memory disorders and have developed a new screening test to uncover compounds that may one day work against those disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Whitehall Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Oral cancer-causing HPV may spread through oral and genital routes
Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infections were more common among men who had female partners with oral and/or genital HPV infection, suggesting that the transmission of HPV occurs via oral-oral and oral-genital routes, according to a McGill University study led by professsor Eduardo L. Franco.
Canadian Institutes for Health Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cynthia Lee
McGill University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists discover new properties of microbes that cause common eye infection
Scientists from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School Department of Ophthalmology have used the power of new genomic technology to discover that microbes that commonly infect the eye have special, previously unknown properties.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard-wide Program on Antibiotic Resistance, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities, Bausch and Lomb Inc.

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Environmental Health Perspectives
Research links tobacco smoke and roadway air pollution with childhood obesity
New research from Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California bolsters evidence that exposure to tobacco smoke and near-roadway air pollution contribute to the development of obesity.
National Institutes of Health, US Environmental Protection Agency, The Hastings Foundation

Contact: Leslie Ridgeway
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
A previously unrecognized flame retardant found in Americans for the first time
This is the first study to find the carcinogenic flame retardant TCEP in the bodies of Americans. It's also the first study to evaluate urinary levels of several phosphate flame retardant metabolites, like TCEP, which have been largely under the radar. Six metabolites were found in urine samples from California residents. People with the highest metabolite levels of two carcinogenic flame retardants also had the highest levels in their house dust, which were previously tested.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, New York Community Trust, Fine Fund, Art beCAUSE Breast Cancer Foundation

Contact: Amelia Jarvinen
617-332-4288 x226
Silent Spring Institute

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Errors in single gene may protect against heart disease
Rare mutations that shut down a single gene are linked to lower cholesterol levels and a 50 percent reduction in the risk of heart attack, according to new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, the Broad Institute at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard, and other institutions.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Foundation for Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Banting Fellowship

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Predicting US Army suicides after hospital discharge
A new report from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers suggests that some Army suicides can be predicted with enough accuracy to justify implementing preventive interventions in patients at high risk.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Semen directly impairs effectiveness of microbicides that target HIV
Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes and the University of Ulm have discovered why microbicides developed to prevent HIV succeed in the lab but fail in clinical trials: Semen. Semen enhances the infectiousness of HIV by causing the virus to cluster together, increasing its ability to attach to and infect cells. This effect is then sufficient to override the antiviral properties of the microbicides.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Ministerium-Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst, Baden-Württemberg, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, European Research Council

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Humans' big brains might be due in part to newly identified protein
A protein that may partly explain why human brains are larger than those of other animals has been identified by scientists from two stem-cell labs at University of California San Francisco.
National Institutes of Health, Bernard Osher Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Damon Runyon Foundation, University of California San Francisco Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, Sandler Foundation

Contact: Scott Maier
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Research suggests how mosquitoes evolved an attraction to human scent
The female mosquitoes that spread dengue and yellow fever didn't always rely on human blood to nourish their eggs. Their ancestors fed on furrier animals. But then, thousands of years ago, some of these bloodsuckers made a smart switch: They began biting humans and hitchhiked all over the globe, spreading disease in their wake. To understand the evolutionary basis of this attraction, a research team examined the genes that drive some mosquitoes to prefer humans.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Franklin Hoke
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Brain and Language
Bilingual brains better equipped to process information
Speaking more than one language is good for the brain, according to new research that indicates bilingual speakers process information more efficiently and more easily than those who know a single language. The benefits occur because the bilingual brain is constantly activating both languages and choosing which language to use and which to ignore, said Northwestern University's Viorica Marian, a professor in the department of communication sciences and disorders in the School of Communication.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie Deardorff
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Heart attack, stroke survivors' care needs may be much greater than experts thought
A record number of people are surviving heart attacks and stroke but those who do may experience a sharp decline in physical abilities that steadily accelerates over time.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Administration

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
New publications detail photonics advances by UT Arlington physics team
Publications in PLOS ONE and Nature Scientific Reports describe the work of a UT Arlington physics team using near infrared laser beams.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Penn Vet team pieces together signaling pathway leading to obesity
A team of researchers led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine's Kendra K. Bence have now drawn connections between known regulators of body mass, pointing to possible treatments for obesity and metabolic disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Penn's Institute for Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Penn-Dresden study blocks multiple sclerosis relapses in mice
In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and co-investigators have identified a key protein that is able to reduce the severity of a disease equivalent to multiple sclerosis in mice.
National Research Foundation of Korea, Novartis Foundation for Therapeutical Research, NIH Intramural Research Program, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, others

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Forum for Health Economics and Policy
Study: Baby boomers will drive explosion in Alzheimer's-related costs in coming decades
The financial burden of Alzheimer's disease on the United States will increase from $307 billion annually to $1.5 trillion by 2050, according to models.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
ACS Nano
Microtubes create cozy space for neurons to grow, and grow fast
Tiny, thin microtubes could provide a scaffold for neuron cultures to grow so that researchers can study neural networks, their growth and repair, yielding insights into treatment for degenerative neurological conditions or restoring nerve connections after injury.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
When bone density is good, no repeat tests needed for younger postmenopausal women
After menopause and before age 65, women who have normal bone density have a very low risk of fracture, shows a new study from the Women's Health Initiative published online in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society. That means these women don't need another bone mass density test before age 65.
NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Altered milk protein can deliver AIDS drug to infants
A novel method of altering a protein in milk to bind with an antiretroviral drug promises to greatly improve treatment for infants and young children suffering from HIV/AIDS, according to a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Supercomputing beyond genealogy reveals surprising European ancestors
Most Europeans today derive from three distinct populations, as evidenced by sequenced genomes of nine ancient remains and 2,345 contemporary humans. Genomic analysis of modern and ancient DNA, combined with archeological evidence is revealing new complexity in human history. Scientists used the NSF XSEDE Stampede supercomputer of the Texas Advanced Computing Center to model and compare genomic data of ancient and modern Europeans.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
HIV-infected adults diagnosed with age-related diseases at similar ages as uninfected
New research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that HIV-infected adults are at a higher risk for developing heart attacks, kidney failure and cancer. But, contrary to what many had believed, the researchers say these illnesses are occurring at similar ages as adults who are not infected with HIV.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, and more

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Study finds traditional healers contribute to HIV care delays
If you're a native of rural Mozambique who contracts HIV and becomes symptomatic, before seeking clinical testing and treatment, you'll likely consult a traditional healer.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
GigaScience publishes a virtual box of delights to aid the fight against heart disease
Early diagnosis of coronary heart disease is essential for prevention of most heart attacks, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a primary diagnostic tool. MRIs examine blood flow to the heart myocardium; however, compensation for the patient's breathing motion is needed. This requires complex image processing methods, but current methods are inadequate. A major way forward to drive testing, optimization and development of new methods is making large public MRI datasets available.
Spain's Ministry of Science and Innovation through INNPACTO, Comunidad de Madrid, European RegionalDevelopment Funds, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Intramural Research Program

Contact: Scott Edmunds

Public Release: 11-Nov-2014
Patients who do not enroll in hospice are more likely to receive aggressive cancer care
More patients with cancer use hospice today than ever before, but there are indications that care intensity outside of hospice is increasing, and length of hospice stay decreasing. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital examined how hospice affects health care utilization and costs and found that in a sample of elderly Medicare patients with advanced cancer, hospice care was associated with significantly lower rates of both health care utilization and total costs during the last year of life.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Showing releases 2976-3000 out of 3753.

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