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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3686.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Immunology
The innate immune system modulates the severity of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis, a debilitating neurological disease, is triggered by self-reactive T cells that successfully infiltrate the brain and spinal cord where they launch an aggressive autoimmune attack against myelin, the fatty substance that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers. In their latest study, researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology report that these disease-causing autoimmune T cells are lured into the nervous system by monocytes and macrophages, a subset of immune cells better known as the immune system's cleanup crew.
American Heart Association, LJI Board of Directors Fellowship, Fondation Leducq, Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Academy of Finland, Pacific Northwest Udall Center, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
With help from pharmacists, better blood pressure costs $22
A pharmacist-physician collaboration in primary-care offices effectively and inexpensively improved patients' high blood pressure. The cost to increase the rate of hypertension control by 1 percent was $22. Collaborative efforts to help manage blood pressure could be especially useful in low-income areas.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maggie Francis
American Heart Association

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Health Affairs
Study: Small urban corner stores offer increased healthy food options
Federal food policy changes led to increased availability of healthy foods at smaller urban corner stores in Baltimore, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests. Increases in healthy food were greatest in corner stores and in neighborhoods with a majority of black residents.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Disease, Center for a Livable Future-Lerner Fellowship, La Caixa Fellowship, Sociedad Espanola de Epidemiologica

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
'Everything in moderation' diet advice may lead to poor metabolic health in US adults
Diet diversity, as defined by less similarity among the foods people eat, may be linked to lower diet quality and worse metabolic health, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Hannah Rhodes
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
New computational strategy finds brain tumor-shrinking molecules
Patients with glioblastoma, a type of malignant brain tumor, usually survive fewer than 15 months following diagnosis. Since there are no effective treatments for the deadly disease, University of California, San Diego researchers developed a new computational strategy to search for molecules that could be developed into glioblastoma drugs. In mouse models of human glioblastoma, one molecule they found shrank the average tumor size by half. The study is published October 30 by Oncotarget.
NIH/National Institutes of Health, Voices Against Brain Cancer Foundation, Christopher and Bronwen Gleeson Family Trust, American Brain Tumor Association Drug Discovery Grant

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Penn study blocks Ebola virus budding by regulating calcium signaling
A new study led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine showed that blocking a calcium-signaling pathway could inhibit not only the Ebola virus, but also Marburg, Lassa and Junin viruses, all sources of deadly infections.
NIh/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Prestigious NIH award fuels research on human clearance of drugs, foreign chemicals
Emily Scott's research focuses on a large family of proteins called 'cytochrome P450s' that are embedded in cell membranes, where they perform the first and most critical step in removing foreign chemicals from the body.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Cell Stem Cell
Factor found to balance medically useful stem cell qualities
A key protein controls stem cell properties that could make them more useful in regenerative medicine, according to a study led by Mount Sinai researchers and published online today in the journal Cell Stem Cell.
Ellison Medical Foundation Senior Scholar Award in Aging, National Institutes of Health, New York State Department of Health/Empire State Stem Cell Fund

Contact: Press Office
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
New class of DNA repair enzyme discovered
A new class of DNA repair enzyme has been discovered which demonstrates that a much broader range of damage can be removed from the double helix in ways that biologists did not think were possible.
National Science Foudation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Developmental Cell
Hair-GEL online tool gives bird's eye view of hair follicle formation
Mount Sinai researchers create a resource to help uncover the molecular controls that generate skin and hair.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis, Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, New York State Department of Health, Irma T. Hirschl Trust

Contact: Sid Dinsay
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Cell Metabolism
Gut bacteria could be blamed for obesity and diabetes
An excess of bacteria in the gut can change the way the liver processes fat and could lead to the development of metabolic syndrome, according to health researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
UTA, Ohio State partner to better understand and treat muscle loss
Scientists with The University of Texas at Arlington and Ohio State University have won a rare National Institute on Aging grant to research the molecular mechanisms of muscle aging that can lead to muscle loss and weakness.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Exercise could give margin of safety to women who want to delay preventive mastectomy
Regular physical activity could play a role in helping women at high-risk of breast cancer delay the need for drastic preventive measures such as mastectomy. Results of the WISER Sister study help clarify the emerging connection between exercise and breast cancer risk. As a result of the new findings, the authors suggest women with an elevated breast cancer risk should consider doing 30 to 60 minutes of aerobic activity per day for five days per week.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Cell Transplantation
Transplanted human umbilical cord blood cells may offer therapy for Alzheimer's sufferers
Researchers injected human umbilical cord blood cells into mice modeled with Alzheimer's disease to investigate how the cells were distributed and retained in tissues, including the brain. The study also investigated questions about the bioavailability and safety of the procedure. They found that the transplanted cells migrated to brain tissue, were retained there for up to 30 days, and did not promote the growth of tumors.
National Institutes of Health, Florida Hi Tech Corridor Matching Grant Program

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Academy of Management Journal
Spinning out? What you're able to take with you to your new company will determine how well you do
To 'spin out,' you better have a big team with lots of experience. When it comes to leaving a company to start your own, whether you sink or swim could depend on how many good people you can bring with you.
National Science Foundation Grants, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Contact: Ken McGuffin
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Breaking the mold: Untangling the jelly-like properties of diseased proteins
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have identified a new property of essential proteins which, when it malfunctions, can cause the build up, or 'aggregation', of misshaped proteins and lead to serious diseases.
Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, National Institutes of Health Research, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
TSRI study suggests tumors may 'seed' cancer metastases earlier than expected
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute helps explain why cancer metastasis is so hard to stop. The researchers found an additional mechanism explaining how a molecule long linked to cancer progression appears to 'seed' the body with metastatic cells long before doctors would typically detect a primary tumor.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
$5.8 million NIH contract to Saint Louis University to fund 'omics' research
Saint Louis University's Vaccine Center is one of two sites in the nation selected by the NIH to conduct omics research on infectious diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nancy Solomon
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Biofilms and Microbiomes
Study led by Temple researchers showcases potential new oral treatment for IBD
For patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the possibility of taking one pill to bring long-lasting relief might seem too good to be true. Scientists at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University are on the brink of making that happen, thanks to a recent proof-of-concept study, in which the severity of a form of IBD in mice was dramatically reduced with one oral dose of a protein isolated from a bacterial biofilm.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Biostrategy Partners Pharma Germinator Program

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
'Ensemble' modeling could lead to better flu forecasts, study finds
By combining data from a variety of non-traditional sources, a research team led by computational epidemiologists at Boston Children's Hospital has developed predictive models of flu-like activity that provide robust real-time estimates (aka 'now-casts') of flu activity and accurate forecasts of flu-like illness levels up to three weeks into the future.
NIH/National Library of Medicine, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Keri Stedman
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
American Journal of Human Genetics
Cleveland Clinic researchers discover new thyroid cancer gene
Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered a new gene associated with Cowden syndrome, an inherited condition that carries high risks of thyroid, breast, and other cancers, and a subset of non-inherited thyroid cancers, as published today in the online version of the American Journal of Human Genetics.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society Clinical Research Professorship, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, William Randolph Hearst Foundations, Doris Duke Distinguished Clinical Scientist Award

Contact: Laura Ambro
Cleveland Clinic

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Low-fat diet not most effective in long-term weight loss
The effectiveness of low-fat diet on weight-loss has been debated for decades, and hundreds of randomized clinical trials aimed at evaluating this issue have been conducted with mixed results. New research finds that low-fat interventions were no more successful than higher-fat interventions in achieving and maintaining weight loss for periods longer than one year.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Lori J. Schroth
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Studies raise questions about impact of statins on flu vaccination in seniors
A new pair of studies suggests that statins, drugs widely used to reduce cholesterol, may have a detrimental effect on the immune response to influenza vaccine and the vaccine's effectiveness at preventing serious illness in older adults. Published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, the findings, if confirmed by additional research, may have implications for flu vaccine recommendations, guidelines for statin use around the time of vaccination, and future vaccine clinical trials in seniors.
Novartis Vaccines, Emory, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Stephanie Goldina
Infectious Diseases Society of America

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Cancer Cell
Immunotherapy for pancreatic cancer boosts survival by more than 75 percent in mice
A new study in mice by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that a specialized type of immunotherapy -- even when used without chemotherapy or radiation -- can boost survival from pancreatic cancer, a nearly almost-lethal disease, by more than 75 percent. The findings are so promising, human clinical trials are planned within the next year.
National Institutes of Health, Giles W. and Elise G. Mead Foundation, Juno Therapeutics

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
American Journal of Human Genetics
Stanford researchers identify potential security hole in genomic data sharing network
Hackers with access to a person's genome might find out if that genome is in an international network of disease databases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennie Dusheck
Stanford University Medical Center

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3686.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>


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