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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3402.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Psychosomatic Medicine
Study finds no evidence that vitamin D supplements reduce depression
Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions in recent years, including depressed mood and major depressive disorder. Recent observational studies provide some support for an association of vitamin D levels with depression, but the data do not indicate whether vitamin D deficiency causes depression or vice versa. These studies also do not examine whether vitamin D supplementation improves depression.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Early detection of childhood eye cancer doesn't always improve survival, prevent eye loss
For the most common form of childhood eye cancer, unilateral retinoblastoma, shortening the time from the first appearance of symptoms to diagnosis of disease has no bearing on survival or stage of the disease, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in partnership with the Hospital Infantil de Mexico. The results appear online in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kessler Foundation researchers link body temperature to relapsing-remitting MS and fatigue
Kessler Foundation researchers have demonstrated for the first time ever that body temperature is elevated endogenously in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and linked to worse fatigue. The article was published ahead of print on Feb. 21, 2014, in Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
National Institutes of Health, Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
TGen-led study spotlights dog DNA role in developing new therapies for human cancers
Using genomic analysis to study cancer in dogs can help develop new therapies for humans with cancer, according to a proof-of-concept study led by the National Cancer Institute and the Translational Genomics Research Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Pitt study challenges accepted sepsis treatment
A structured, standardized approach to diagnose and treat sepsis in its early stages did not change survival chances for people who develop this deadly condition, according to a national, randomized clinical trial led by experts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rick Pietzak
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Using big data to identify triple-negative breast, oropharyngeal, and lung cancers
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and colleagues used 'big data' analytics to accurately predict if a patient is suffering from aggressive or more treatable forms of breast cancer and a type of head and neck cancer. They are beginning a similar study on lung cancers. All efforts are to provide patients with earlier and more accurate detection, enabling them to choose the most suitable treatments.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Child ADHD stimulant medication use leads to BMI rebound in late adolescence
The study, thought to be the most comprehensive analysis of ADHD and stimulant use in children to date, found that the earlier the medication began, and the longer the medication was taken, the slower the BMI growth in earlier childhood but the more rapid the BMI rebound in late adolescence, typically after discontinuation of medication.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Sperry
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New lens design drastically improves kidney stone treatment
Engineers have reversed a decades-long trend of decreasing efficiency in lithotripsy machines by designing simple modifications to shock wave lenses.
National Institutes of Health, German Society of Urology

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Biophysical Journal
Nanopores control the inner ear's ability to select sounds
The inner-ear membrane uses tiny pores to mechanically separate sounds, researchers find.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
American Journal of Gastroenterology
In IBS, non-GI issues are more powerful than symptoms in patients' health perceptions
Social relationships, fatigue and other coexisting medical problems have a stronger effect on how patients with irritable bowel syndrome rate their overall health than the severity of their gastrointestinal symptoms, a University at Buffalo study has found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Moffitt researchers discover new mechanism allowing tumor cells to escape immune surve
The immune system plays a pivotal role in targeting cancer cells for destruction. However, tumor cells are smart and have developed ways to avoid immune detection. A collaborative team of researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center recently discovered a novel mechanism that lung cancer cells use to block detection by a type of immune cell called a natural killer cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
The Journal of Pediatrics
Children exposed to methamphetamine before birth have increased cognitive problems
Youngsters exposed to methamphetamine before birth had increased cognitive problems at age 7.5 years, highlighting the need for early intervention to improve academic outcomes and reduce the potential for negative behaviors.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Stem cells from muscle can repair nerve damage after injury, Pitt researchers show
Stem cells derived from human muscle tissue were able to repair nerve damage and restore function in an animal model of sciatic nerve injury, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published online today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, suggest that cell therapy of certain nerve diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, might one day be feasible.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Who's afraid of math? Study finds some genetic factors
A new study of math anxiety shows how some people may be at greater risk to fear math not only because of negative experiences, but also because of genetic risks related to both general anxiety and math skills.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stephen Petrill
Ohio State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
British Medical Journal
Risk of obesity from regular consumption of fried foods may depend on genetic makeup
People with a genetic predisposition to obesity are at a higher risk of obesity and related chronic diseases from eating fried foods than those with a lower genetic risk, according to a new study from researchers from Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School.
National Institutes of Health, Merck Research Laboratories

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Penn Medicine researchers show how lost sleep leads to lost neurons
Using a mouse model of chronic sleep loss, Penn Medicine researchers have determined that extended wakefulness is linked to injury to, and loss of, neurons that are essential for alertness and optimal cognition, the locus coeruleus neurons.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Mikulski
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
One in 3 patients with bloodstream infections given inappropriate therapy
Growing drug resistance, a high prevalence of S. aureus bacteria and ineffective antibiotics prescribed to one in three patients are among the challenges facing community hospitals in treating patients with serious bloodstream infections, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Robert Wood Johnson Physician Faculty Scholars Program

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Breaking bad': Insect pests in the making
Of thousands of known species of Drosophila fruit flies, just one is a known crop pest, depositing eggs inside ripening fruit so its maggots can feed and grow. New research from UC Davis shows the similarities and crucial differences between this pest and its close relatives -- and that one related fly has potential to also become a pest.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings widens with age
Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers, heart and other serious health conditions beyond the age of 35, according to the latest findings from the world's largest study of childhood cancer survivors.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Study identifies most common, costly reasons for mental health hospitalizations for kids
Nearly one in 10 hospitalized children have a primary diagnosis of a mental health condition, and depression alone accounts for $1.33 billion in hospital charges annually, according to a new analysis led by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute for Children's Health and Human Development

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Ohio State partners with MedVax Technologies Inc. to bring a cancer peptide vaccine to patients
The Ohio State University, through the Ohio State Innovation Foundation, has signed an exclusive world-wide licensing agreement with MedVax Technologies Inc. for the licensing of groundbreaking cancer peptide vaccine technologies.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Amanda J Harper
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
New therapeutic target discovered for Alzheimer's disease
A team of scientists from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, the Medical University of South Carolina and San Diego-based American Life Science Pharmaceuticals, Inc., report that cathepsin B gene knockout or its reduction by an enzyme inhibitor blocks creation of key neurotoxic pGlu-Aβ peptides linked to Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, the candidate inhibitor drug has been shown to be safe in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Veteran's Affairs Merit Review, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Computer analyzes massive clinical databases to properly categorize asthma patients
A computer program capable of tracking more than 100 clinical variables for almost 400 people has shown it can identify various subtypes of asthma, which perhaps could lead to targeted, more effective treatments. Wei Wu, a Carnegie Mellon University computational biologist led the analysis of patient data from the federally funded Severe Asthma Research Program for the study, which was published online by the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New therapeutic target identified for acute lung injury
A bacterial infection can throw off the equilibrium between two key proteins in the lungs and put patients at risk for a highly lethal acute lung injury, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
US headache sufferers get $1 billion worth of brain scans each year, U-M study finds
One in eight visits to a a doctor for a headache or migraine end up with the patient going for a brain scan, at a total cost of about $1 billion a year, a new University of Michigan Medical School study finds. And many of those MRI and CT scans -- and costs -- are probably unnecessary, given the very low odds that serious issues lurk in the patients' brains.
National Institutes of Health, Taubman Medical Research Institute

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3402.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>


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