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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3813.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NIH awards Indiana University $900,000 to study link between body temperature and autism
A $900,000 grant to Indiana University from the National Institutes of Health's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development will fund one of the first basic science investigations into potential connections between fever and the relief of some symptoms of autism.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Molecular Psychiatry
Study identifies brain abnormalities in people with schizophrenia
Structural brain abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia, providing insight into how the condition may develop and respond to treatment, have been identified in an internationally collaborative study led by a Georgia State University scientist.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging And Bioengineering

Contact: Brian Mullen
bmullen@gsu.edu
404-413-5464
Georgia State University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Apoptosis
Age-related self-destruction of cells makes kidney prone to injury
As advances in medicine allow individuals to live longer, people are facing unique age-related health challenges. As they age, organs such as the kidneys become more susceptible to injury, and their ability to self-repair is decreased. Researchers from the University of Missouri have found a cellular signal that causes kidney cells to die, making the kidneys prone to injury. This finding could lead to improved kidney function in the elderly.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Derek Thompson
thompsonder@health.missouri.edu
573-882-3323
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Social Science and Medicine
Childhood stress fuels weight gain in women
When it comes to weight gain for women, childhood stress appears to be a bigger culprit than stress during adulthood, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University sociologist. Interestingly, though, neither childhood nor adult stress was associated with weight gain for men.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NCI awards UC researcher $1.8 million to study protein's effect on breast cancer
Xiaoting Zhang, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Cancer Biology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, has received a $1.8 million, five-year, R01 award from the National Cancer Institute to continue breast cancer research focusing on the function of the protein MED1 on HER2-positive breast cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Katie Pence
pencekatie@yahoo.com
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Clinical Neurophysiology
Study identifies characteristic EEG pattern of high-dose nitrous oxide anesthesia
Investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital find that the EEG patterns of patients receiving high doses of nitrous oxide differ significantly from those of the same patients when they had received ether-based inhaled anesthetics earlier in the procedures.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research

Contact: Terri Ogan
togan@partners.org
617-726-0954
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Health Affairs
Study: Nursing home care for minorities improves
A new study of nursing homes has found that, while disparities continue to exist, the quality of care in homes with higher concentrations of racial and ethnic minority residents has improved and that this progress appears to be linked to increases in Medicaid payments.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

Contact: Mark Michaud
mark_michaud@urmc.rochester.edu
585-273-4790
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
The BMJ
Serious adverse events rare in healthy volunteers participating in Phase I drug trials
Many people believe that Phase I trials with healthy volunteers are very risky and because they pose risks with no benefits, unethical. But how risky are such trials? Less than 1 percent of 11,000 healthy volunteers who participated in 394 Phase I trials for new drugs experienced serious complications, according to a new meta-analysis of participants in non-cancer, Phase I medication trials. In addition, none of the volunteers died or suffered persistent disabilities linked to the experimental drugs.
National Institutes of Health, University of Pennsylvania

Contact: Anna Duerr
anna.duerr@uphs.upenn.edu
215-796-4829
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
JAMA
Memory and thinking ability keep getting worse for years after a stroke, new study finds
A stroke happens in an instant. And many who survive one report that their brain never works like it once did. But new research shows that these problems with memory and thinking ability keep getting worse for years afterward -- and happen faster than normal brain aging.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Environmental Health Perspectives
Research encourages the consideration of air pollution when planning housing near transit
Policymakers and developers lack a complete picture of the potential dangers of air pollution when advocating the construction of high-density housing (like apartment buildings) along traffic corridors to take advantage of public transit.
National Institutes of Health, US Environmental Protection Agency, Hastings Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-220-0017
University of Southern California

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sculpting a cell's backside
When Greek mythology and cell biology meet, you get the protein Callipygian, recently discovered and named by researchers at The Johns Hopkins University for its role in determining which area of a cell becomes the back as it begins to move.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, American Heart Association

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Organ transplant rejection may not be permanent
Rejection of transplanted organs in hosts that were previously tolerant may not be permanent, report scientists from the University of Chicago. Using a mouse model of cardiac transplantation, they found that immune tolerance can spontaneously recover after an infection-triggered rejection event, and that hosts can accept subsequent transplants as soon as a week after. This process depends on regulatory T-cells, a component of the immune system that acts as a 'brake' for other immune cells.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Brain
Enriched blood cells preserve cognition in mice with features of Alzheimer's disease
Cedars-Sinai researchers have successfully tested two new methods for preserving cognition in laboratory mice that exhibit features of Alzheimer's disease by using white blood cells from bone marrow and a drug for multiple sclerosis to control immune response in the brain.
Coins for Alzheimer's Research Trust Fund, BrightFocus Foundation, Maurice Marciano Family Foundation, Saban Family Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Sandy Van
sandy@prpacific.com
808-526-1708
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UC Davis researchers find key mechanism that causes neuropathic pain
A biological process called endoplasmic reticulum stress appears to play a key role in causing neuropathic pain, according to this new study. The discovery could eventually lead to new therapeutics for controlling chronic pain associated with trauma, diabetes, shingles, multiple sclerosis or other conditions that cause nerve damage.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Patricia Bailey
pjbailey@ucdavis.edu
530-752-9843
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
PLOS ONE
UNC researchers find 2 biomarkers linked to severe heart disease
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine created a first-of-its-kind animal model to pinpoint two biomarkers that are elevated in the most severe form of coronary disease.
National Institutes of Health, North Carolina Biotechnology Center

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unch.unc.edu
919-923-0959
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Heart attack treatment hypothesis 'busted'
Researchers have long had reason to hope that blocking the flow of calcium into the mitochondria of heart and brain cells could be one way to prevent damage caused by heart attacks and strokes. But in a study of mice engineered to lack a key calcium channel in their heart cells, Johns Hopkins scientists appear to have cast a shadow of doubt on that theory. A report on their study is published online this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Veterans Administration, and others

Contact: Lauren Nelson
laurennelson@jhmi.edu
410-955-8725
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Science
Study explains how dengue virus adapts as it travels, increasing chances for outbreaks
A researcher from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston is an integral member of a collaborative group that is the first to explain the mechanisms that the Dengue virus has developed to optimize its ability to cause outbreaks as it travels across the globe to new places and revisits old ones.
The Singapore National Medical Research Council, Ministry of Health in Singapore, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency of Science, Technology and Research in Singapore, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
donna.ramirez@utmb.edu
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Neurophotonics
Reducing stroke damage may be next for OCT technology widely used in vision healthcare
A new article by University of Washington researchers in the journal Neurophotonics, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, reports on use of optical coherence tomography to obtain high-resolution images showing blood-flow dynamics in the brain before, during, and after stroke-like states. The information may ultimately enable clinicians to reduce stroke damage.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Amy Nelson
amy@spie.org
360-685-5478
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Adolescents who view medical marijuana ads more likely to use the drug, study finds
A new study raises questions about whether there is a need to revise prevention programming for youth as the availability, visibility and legal status of marijuana changes. The report found that adolescents who saw advertising for medical marijuana were more likely to either report using marijuana or say they planned to use the substance in the future.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Warren Robak
robak@rand.org
310-451-6913
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Evolution
Blacklegged tick populations have expanded via migration, Penn biologists show
In a new study, biologists from the University of Pennsylvania used genetic and phylogeographic analyses to determine the origin and recent migratory history of newly discovered tick populations in the Northeastern United States. Their findings indicate that the ticks moved into new areas from established populations, mainly through short-distance, local moves.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Immunity
Temple-led research team finds bacterial biofilms may play a role in lupus
Lupus, multiple sclerosis, and type-1 diabetes are among more than a score of diseases in which the immune system attacks the body. But why the immune system begins its misdirected assault has remained a mystery. Now, researchers at Temple University School of Medicine have shown that bacterial communities known as biofilm play a role in the development of the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus -- a discovery that may provide important clues about several autoimmune ailments.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Fox Chase Cancer Center-Temple University Nodal Grant, Lupus Research Institute Innovation Research Grant, Lupus Foundation's Goldie Simon Preceptorship Award, etc.

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Jeremy.Walter@tuhs.temple.edu
267-838-0398
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
How to rule a gene galaxy: A lesson from developing neurons
A new study published in Nature Communications by researchers from the MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology at IoPPN, carried out in collaboration with the Tian lab at the Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, found that many RNA messengers encoding neuronal proteins contain specialized sequences that can promote their destabilization in the presence of an RNA-binding protein called tristetraprolin, or TTP.
Biotechnology and Biosciences Research Council, National Institutes of Health, National Medical Research Council

Contact: Andreia Carvalho
andreia.carvalho@kcl.ac.uk
44-207-848-6804
King's College London

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ion channel mechanics yield insights into optogenetics experiments
Optogenetics techniques, which allow scientists to map and control nerve cells using light stimulation, are being used to study neural circuits in the brain with unprecedented precision. This revolutionary technology relies on light-sensitive proteins such as channelrhodopsins, and researchers at UC Santa Cruz have now determined the molecular mechanism involved in the light-induced activation of one of these proteins.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Cutting big data down to a usable size
Next-generation DNA sequencing technologies have turned the vision of precision medicine into a plausible reality, but also threaten to overwhelm computing infrastructures with unprecedented volumes of data. A recent $1.3 million award from the National Institutes of Health will allow researchers at the University of Illinois and Stanford to help address this challenge by developing novel data compression strategies.
National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Health Big Data to Knowledge Initiative

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Nature Medicine
Fundamental beliefs about atherosclerosis overturned
Doctors' efforts to battle the dangerous atherosclerotic plaques that build up in our arteries and cause heart attacks and strokes are built on several false beliefs about the fundamental composition and formation of the plaques, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine shows. These new discoveries will force researchers to reassess their approaches to developing treatments and discard some of their basic assumptions about atherosclerosis, commonly known as hardening of the arteries.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Josh Barney
jdb9a@virginia.edu
434-906-8864
University of Virginia Health System

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3813.

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