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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3616.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
British Medical Journal
Better insurance access leads to more hip, knee replacements among minorities
Researchers at Boston Medical Center have found that the expansion of insurance coverage in Massachusetts increased the number of elective knee and hip replacement procedures by 4.7 percent, with greater increases among black and Hispanic patients. The findings are published online in advance of print in the British Medical Journal.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research & Development Service

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Undocumented Mexican immigrants' kids have higher risk of behavior problems
Children of undocumented Mexican immigrants have a significantly higher risk of behavior problems than their co-ethnic counterparts with documented or naturalized citizen mothers, according to a team of sociologists.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
IU researchers identify pancreatic cancer patients who benefit from personalized treatment
Cancer researchers at Indiana University report that about 15 percent of people with pancreatic cancer may benefit from therapy targeting a newly identified gene signature.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Michael Schug
Indiana University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Study affirms role of specialized protein in assuring normal cell development
Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center and New York University have demonstrated that a specialized DNA-binding protein called CTCF is essential for the precise expression of genes that control the body plan of a developing embryo.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, P.A.L.S. Foundation

Contact: Jim Mandler
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Intermediary neuron acts as synaptic cloaking device, says Carnegie Mellon study
A specific type of neuron might be thwarting researchers efforts at mapping the connectome by temporarily cloaking the synapses that link a wide field of neurons, says a Carnegie Mellon study. The researchers found that somatostatin cells send out a signal -- much like a cloaking device -- that silences neighboring neurons, making the synapses invisible to researchers. By doing this, somatostatin neurons can change the way the brain functions, heightening some perceptual pathways and silencing others.
National Institutes of Health, McKnight Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Malaria transmission linked to mosquitoes' sexual biology
Sexual biology may be the key to uncovering why Anopheles mosquitoes are unique in their ability to transmit malaria to humans, according to researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health and University of Perugia, Italy.
National Institutes of Health, William F. Milton Fund, European Research Council

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Altering perception of feeding state may promote healthy aging
Targeting mechanisms in the central nervous system that sense energy generated by nutrients might yield the beneficial effects of low-calorie diets on healthy aging without the need to alter food intake, suggests new research from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Ellison Medical Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association/Canadian Diabetes Association

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
MGH study identifies neurons that help predict what another individual will do
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have discovered two groups of neurons that play key roles in social interactions between primates -- one that is activated when deciding whether to cooperate with another individual and another group involved in predicting what the other will do.
National Institutes of Health, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, Whitehall Foundation

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Yale researchers reverse type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats
Yale researchers developed a controlled-release oral therapy that reversed type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats, according to a study published on Feb. 26 by Science.
National Institutes of Health, Novo Nordisk Foundation, University of Copenhagen

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
HIV latency is not an accident: It is a survival tactic employed by the virus
New research from the Gladstone Institutes for the first time provides strong evidence that HIV latency is controlled not by infected host cells, but by the virus itself. This fundamentally changes how scientists perceive latency, presenting it as an evolutionarily advantageous phenomenon rather than a biological accident.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Delaney Collaboratory for AIDS Research and Eradication, Center for Synthetic and Systems Biology at University of California San Francisco, UC San Francisco-Gladstone Institute

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Children of undocumented Mexican immigrants have heightened risk of behavior problems
Children of undocumented Mexican immigrants have a significantly higher risk of behavior problems than their co-ethnic counterparts with documented or naturalized citizen mothers, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Cell Reports
Small molecule helps get stem cells to sites of disease and damage
Bioengineers from Brigham and Women's Hospital with collaborators at the pharmaceutical company Sanofi have identified small molecules that can be used to program stem cells to home in on sites of damage, disease and inflammation. The techniques used to find and test these small molecules may represent important tools in advancing cell-based therapy, offering a new strategy for delivering cells to the right locations in the body. Their results appear online in Cell Reports.
Sanofi-Aventis, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Haley Bridger
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Novel precision medicine tool could help personalize cancer treatments
A new laboratory test accurately predicted which of many drug treatments would most effectively kill cancer cells in the laboratory and in the clinic. If validated in ongoing clinical trials, the test could be ready to inform patient care in about two years.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Teresa M Herbert
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
TSRI team shows how rare antibody targets Ebola and Marburg virus
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have captured the first images showing how immune molecules bind to a site on the surface of Marburg virus, pointing a way to target the virus's weak spots with future treatments. The research team is also the first to describe an antibody that binds to both Marburg and Ebola viruses, paving the way for new antibody treatments to fight an entire family of viruses.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, MEXT KAKENHI, MEXT Platform for Drug Discovery Informatics and Structural Life Science, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, The Uehara Memorial Foundation, and others

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Human antibodies target Marburg, Ebola viruses; 1 step closer to vaccine
Researchers at Vanderbilt University, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and The Scripps Research Institute for the first time have shown how human antibodies can neutralize the Marburg virus, a close cousin to Ebola.
DOD/Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
American Journal of Public Health
NYU study successfully screens for diabetes at dental visits using oral blood
A new study confirms that using gingival crevicular blood for hemoglobin A1c testing produced values that were nearly identical to those obtained using finger stick blood, with a correlation of .991 between the two blood samples of 408 dental patients.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Heart's inner mechanisms to be studied with NIH grant
Jianmin Cui, Ph.D., has received a nearly $1.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study the molecular bases for the function of potassium channels vital for the heart, brain, inner ear and other tissues.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Julie Flory
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Sewage provides insight into human microbiome
A new study demonstrates that sewage is an effective means to sample the fecal bacteria from millions of people. Researchers say the information gleaned from the work provides a unique opportunity to monitor, through gut microbes, the public health of a large population without compromising the privacy of individuals.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina Hebert
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
Study maps extroversion types in the brain's anatomy
Brown University scientists have mapped the similarities and the differences in the brain between the two different kinds of extroverts: 'Agentic' go-getters and 'affiliative' people persons.
National Institutes of Health, Lifespan/Tufts/Brown Center for AIDS Research, Foundation for Alcohol Research

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Shining new light on vascular diseases in diabetics
Columbia Engineering professor Andreas Hielscher is developing a novel technology that could improve diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease and make it easier to monitor patients. He's won a $2.5 million 5-year grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to build and test a dynamic optical tomographic imaging system, which uses near-infrared light to map the concentration of hemoglobin in the body's tissue and reveal how well blood is perfusing patients' hands and feet.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Physics in Medicine and Biology
Cherenkov Effect improves radiation therapy for patients with cancer
The characteristic blue glow from a nuclear reactor is present in radiation therapy, too. Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center published in Physics in Medicine and Biology how the complex parts of the blue light known as the Cherenkov Effect can be measured and used in dosimetry to make therapies safer and more effective.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
A simple way to make and reconfigure complex emulsions
MIT researchers have devised a new way to make complex liquid mixtures, known as emulsions, that could have many applications in drug delivery, sensing, cleaning up pollutants, and performing chemical reactions.
Eni-MIT Alliance Solar Frontiers Program, US Army Research Laboratory, US Army Research Office, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Navigators help patients overcome health-care inequities
A new study shows that guidance from trained navigators can help patients overcome health-care inequities. Community navigators worked with uninsured Spanish-speaking women to obtain timely follow-up care after an abnormal breast or cervical cancer screening result. Postponed diagnosis after an abnormal test can lead to less effective treatment and lower chances of survival.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Health Affairs
Sub-Saharan Africans rate their wellbeing and health care among the lowest in the world
Sub-Saharan Africans rate their own wellbeing, their health and their health-care systems among the lowest in the world, according to a new report published by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.
Gallup Organization, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Cystic fibrosis discovery may lead to new treatment strategy, help patients breathe easier
A team led by UC San Francisco professor of medicine John Fahy, M.D., has discovered why mucus in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis is thick, sticky and difficult to cough up, leaving these patients more vulnerable to lung infection.
National Institutes of Health, Genentech

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3616.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>


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