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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3476.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Health Affairs
Poor people with diabetes up to 10 times likelier to lose a limb than wealthier patients
As politicians debate whether health care is a right or a privilege, a UCLA study shows that diabetics from poor neighborhoods are up to 10 times more likely to lose a limb than patients from wealthier areas. Earlier diagnosis and treatment could prevent millions of amputations, which occur disproportionately in black or non–English speaking men older than 65. The authors hope their findings will inspire policymakers nationwide to adopt legislation reducing barriers to medical care.
The Korein Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science, University of California Los Angeles Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Contact: ElaineSchmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Health Affairs
Higher chance of hospital death found in areas where emergency departments have closed
In the first analysis of its kind, UC San Francisco research shows that emergency department closures can have a ripple effect on patient outcomes at nearby hospitals.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Physician Faculty Scholars Program

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protective hinge process enables insulin to bind to cells
The scientists, co-led by Michael A. Weiss, M.D., Ph.D., and Michael C. Lawrence, Ph.D., have achieved a structural milestone in deciphering how the insulin molecule exploits a 'protective hinge' to engage its primary binding site within the insulin receptor. The results of the team's research appeared the first week of August in an online edition of PNAS.
National Institutes of Health, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Overtreatment and undertreatment of patients with high blood pressure linked to kidney failure and death
The mantra for treatment for high blood pressure has been 'the lower, the better,' but that goal can potentially put patients at risk of kidney failure or death, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Kaiser Permanente Southern California Regional Research, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Disease, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Samantha Purzak
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Screening and drug therapy predicted to make hepatitis C a rare disease
Newly implemented screening guidelines and highly effective drug therapies could make hepatitis C a rare disease in the United States by 2036, according to the results of a predictive model developed at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The results of the analysis, funded by the National Institutes of Health and performed with the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, will be published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Researchers find potential new predictor of stress-related illnesses
Many scientists believe that the tendency to develop stress-related disorders is an inherited trait or is the result of exposure to traumatic events. In this paper in Nature, scientists, including Douglas Williamson, Ph.D., from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, explain that a new factor -- that genes may change over time -- could cause depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and other stress-related illnesses.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, The Dielmann Family

Contact: Rosanne Fohn
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Nature Methods
UMD researchers develop tool to better visualize, analyze human genomic data
Scientists at the University of Maryland have developed a new, web-based tool that enables researchers to quickly and easily visualize and compare large amounts of genomic information resulting from high-throughput sequencing experiments. The free tool, called Epiviz, offers a major advantage over browsers currently available: Epiviz seamlessly integrates with the open-source Bioconductor analysis software widely used by genomic scientists, through its Epivizr Bioconductor package.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Nature Genetics
Study finds new genetic risk markers in pancreatic cancer
A large DNA analysis of people with and without pancreatic cancer has identified several new genetic markers that signal increased risk of developing the highly lethal disease, report scientists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Lustgarten Foundation

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Small DNA modifications predict brain's threat response
Epigenetic changes to a gene that is well known for its involvement in clinical depression and posttraumatic stress disorder can affect the way a person's brain reacts to threats, according to a new study by Duke University researchers. The results may explain how the well-understood serotonin transporter leaves some individuals more vulnerable than others to stress and stress-related psychiatric disorders.
Duke University, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Dielmann Family, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Nature Genetics
Tumor suppressor mutations alone don't explain deadly cancer
Although mutations in a gene dubbed 'the guardian of the genome' are widely recognized as being associated with more aggressive forms of cancer, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have found evidence suggesting that the deleterious health effects of the mutated gene may in large part be due to other genetic abnormalities, at least in squamous cell head and neck cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Welcome Fund, The American Cancer Society

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Health Psychology
Expressive writing may help breast cancer survivors
Writing down fears, emotions and the benefits of a cancer diagnosis may improve health outcomes for Asian-American breast cancer survivors, according to a study conducted by a researcher at the University of Houston.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Melissa Carroll
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
A map for eye disease
Vision specialists at the University of Iowa have created the most detailed molecular map of a region of the human eye associated with disease, including age-related macular degeneration. The map catalogs more than 4,000 proteins in each of three areas of the choroid. Results appear in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology.
Bright Focus Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
'Normal' bacteria vital for keeping intestinal lining intact
Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found that bacteria that aid in digestion help keep the intestinal lining intact. The findings, reported online in the journal Immunity, could yield new therapies for inflammatory bowel disease and a wide range of other disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Damon Runyon Foundation Clinical Investigator Award

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Jailed family member increases risks for kids' adult health
People whose childhood included a member of the household becoming imprisoned have an 18-percent greater risk of reporting lower overall health quality in adulthood, a new study finds. The risk is independent of other childhood adversity.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Cancer Research
Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk
Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Clues to curbing obesity found in neuronal 'sweet spot'
Preventing weight gain, obesity, and ultimately diabetes could be as simple as keeping a nuclear receptor from being activated in a small part of the brain, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Research Institute scientists find new calorie-burning switch in brown fat
Biologists at the Scripps Research Institute have identified a signaling pathway that switches on a powerful calorie-burning process in brown fat cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Educational Researcher
Unintended consequences: More high school math, science linked to more dropouts
As US high schools beef up math and science requirements for graduation, researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have found that more rigorous academics drive some students to drop out.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Washington University Institute for Public Health

Contact: Judy Martin
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Study of twins discovers gene mutation linked to short sleep duration
Researchers who studied 100 twin pairs have identified a gene mutation that may allow the carrier to function normally on less than six hours of sleep per night. The genetic variant also appears to provide greater resistance to the effects of sleep deprivation.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Institutional Development Fund from the Center for Applied Genomics at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
NYU CDUHR researchers look at prescription opioid abuse among young adults in NYC
The study explores within a social context the drug-use and sexual experiences of young adult nonmedical PO users as they relate to risk for HIV and HCV transmission.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: christopher james
New York University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Strict genomic partitioning by biological clock separates key metabolic functions
Much of the liver's metabolic function is governed by circadian rhythms -- our own body clock -- and UC Irvine researchers have now found two independent mechanisms by which this occurs.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Ear and Hearing
UT Dallas study reveals effect of loud noises on brain
Prolonged exposure to loud noise alters how the brain processes speech, potentially increasing the difficulty in distinguishing speech sounds, according to neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Dallas.
NIH/National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Ben Porter
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
$1.6 million NCI grant to CWRU trains nurses to increase participation in clinical trials
Case Western Reserve University medical and nursing school researchers hope to drastically increase the number of qualified cancer patients who participate in clinical trials, a critical step in testing and developing new treatments and preventions.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Master HSF supports reprogramming of normal cells to enable tumor growth and metastasi
Long associated with enabling the proliferation of cancer cells, the ancient cellular survival response regulated by Heat-Shock Factor 1 can also turn neighboring cells in their environment into co-conspirators that support malignant progression and metastasis. The finding, reported by Whitehead Institute scientists this week in the journal Cell, lends new insights into tumor biology with significant implications for the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of cancer patients.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, V Foundation, Komen Foundation, Human Frontiers Science Program, Fulbright Program, Jared Branfman Sunflowers for Life Fund, Israel National Postdoctoral Award Program for Women in Science

Contact: Matt Fearer
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Chemistry & Biology
Molecule enhances copper's lethal punch against microbes
Harnessing a natural process in the body that pumps lethal doses of copper to fungi and bacteria shows promise as a new way to kill infectious microbes, a team of scientists at Duke University report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3476.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>


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