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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3646.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Thinking of drinking and driving? What if your car won't let you?
If every new car had a built-in blood alcohol level tester that prevented impaired drivers from driving the vehicle, the US could avoid 85 percent of crash deaths attributable to alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes. In just 15 years, that would mean preventing more than 59,000 deaths.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, University of Michigan Injury Center

Contact: Mary Beth Reilly
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Suspension leads to more pot use among teens, study finds
The study found that students attending schools with suspension policies for illicit drug use were 1.6 times more likely than their peers at schools without such policies to use marijuana in the next year -- and that was the case with the student body as a whole, not just those who were suspended. By contrast, those attending schools with policies of sending marijuana users to a school counselor were 50 percent less likely to use the drug.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Johns Hopkins researchers identify 'missing culprit' in heart failure
Working with lab animals and human heart cells, scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions have identified what they describe as 'the long-sought culprit' in the mystery behind a cell-signaling breakdown that triggers heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Leducq TransAtlantic Network of Excellence, Peter Belfer Laboratory Foundation, Abraham and Virginia Weiss Professorship in Cardiology, American Heart Association, Austrian Academy of Sciences

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists trace genomic evolution of high-risk leukemia
By genomic sequencing of leukemia cells from relapsed patients at different stages, scientists have discovered key details of how acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells mutate to survive chemotherapy.
Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, NIH/National Cancer Institute, St. Baldrick's Foundation, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Total body iron balance: Liver MRI better than biopsy
Investigators at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have demonstrated that MR imaging of the liver is more accurate than liver biopsy in determining total body iron balance in patients with sickle cell disease and other disorders requiring blood transfusion therapy. This discovery follows the researchers earlier work in pioneering techniques to use MRI to noninvasively measure liver iron.
National Institutes of Health, Shire Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Altering brain chemistry makes us more sensitive to inequality
What if there were a pill that made you more compassionate? A new study finds that giving a drug that changes the neurochemical balance in the brain causes a greater willingness to engage in prosocial behaviors, such as ensuring that resources are divided more equally.
Institute for Molecular Neuroscience, National Institutes of Health, and Hellman Family Faculty Fund

Contact: Tom Levy
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Cell Reports
Vitamin D prevents diabetes and clogged arteries in mice
Vitamin D deficiency is linked to type 2 diabetes and heart disease, and both disorders are rooted in chronic inflammation. Now, studying mice that lack the ability to process vitamin D in immune cells involved in inflammation, Washington University researchers found that the animals made excess glucose, became resistant to insulin action and accumulated plaques in their blood vessels. He said the way those key immune cells behave without vitamin D may provide new targets for treating diabetes and atherosclerosis patients.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Children's Discovery Institute, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Alzheimer's & Dementia
New MIND diet may significantly protect against Alzheimer's disease
A new diet, appropriately known by the acronym MIND, could significantly lower a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, even if the diet is not meticulously followed, according to a paper published online for subscribers in March in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nancy DiFiore
Rush University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Scripps Florida scientists win $1.5 million grant to develop new drugs for cancer
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop drug candidates that could treat cancer and neurodegenerative disease. The researchers will look for compounds that affect a key enzyme involved in the degradation and ultimate recycling of damaged cellular material.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Fewer multiple births could reduce autism risk in ART children
Scientists report that the incidence of diagnosed autism was twice as high for assisted reproductive technology (ART) as non-ART births among the nearly 6 million children in their study, born in California from 1997 through 2007. However, much of the association between ART and autism was explained by age and education of the mother as well as adverse perinatal outcomes, especially multiple births.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Eric Sharfstein
Columbia University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Social Science & Medicine
Fast-food ban in L.A. fails to improve diets or cut obesity, study finds
In 2008, the city of Los Angeles passed a law restricting the opening or expansion of any 'stand-alone fast-food restaurant' in low-income neighborhoods where obesity was a problem. A new study finds the measure has failed to reduce fast-food consumption or reduce obesity rates in the targeted neighborhoods.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Penn Medicine study finds being near greened vacant lots lowers heart rates
Greening vacant lots may be associated with biologic reductions in stress, according to a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Residents who walked near newly greened vacant lots had significantly lower heart rates compared to walking near a blighted, or neglected, vacant lot.
National Institutes of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Education Fund, US Department of Agriculture Forest Service

Contact: Greg Richter
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Cell Stem Cell
UCSF team finds key to making neurons from stem cells
A research team at UC San Francisco has discovered an RNA molecule called Pnky that can be manipulated to increase the production of neurons from neural stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, UCSF, San Francisco State University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Even at a molecular level, taking it slow helps us cope with stress
UC Berkeley scientists have identified a new molecular pathway critical to aging. They found that by slowing down the activity of mitochondria in the blood stem cells of mice, they could enhance the cells' capacity to handle stress and rejuvenate old blood.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Glenn Foundation, National Science Foundation, Siebel Stem Cell Institute

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
New genetic method promises to advance gene research and control insect pests
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have developed a new method for generating mutations in both copies of a gene in a single generation that could rapidly accelerate genetic research on diverse species and provide scientists with a powerful new tool to control insect borne diseases such as malaria as well as animal and plant pests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Microscope technique reveals for first time when and where proteins are made
Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have developed a fluorescence microscopy technique that for the first time shows where and when proteins are produced. This allows researchers to directly observe individual mRNAs as they are translated into proteins in living cells. It should help reveal how irregularities in protein synthesis contribute to human disease processes, including Alzheimer's disease and other memory-related disorders. The research publishes in the March 20 edition of Science.
Novartis Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Cell Reports
Vitamin D helps immune cells prevent atherosclerosis and diabetes
Altered signaling through the vitamin D receptor on certain immune cells may play a role in causing the chronic inflammation that leads to cardiometabolic disease, the combination of type 2 diabetes and heart disease that is the most common cause of illness and death in Western populations. The research appears March 19 in the journal Cell Reports.
National Institutes of Health, Children's Discovery Institute, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Our eyes multi-task even when we don't want them to, researchers find
Our eyes are drawn to several dimensions of an object -- such as color, texture, and luminance -- even when we need to focus on only one of them, researchers at NYU and the University of Pennsylvania have found.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Annual Review of Public Health
Insuring undocumented residents could help solve multiple US health care challenges
Alex Ortega, a professor of public health at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, and colleagues conducted an extensive review of published scientific research on Latino health care. Their analysis, published in the March issue of the Annual Review of Public Health, identifies four problem areas related to health care delivery to Latinos under the Affordable Care Act.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Mark Wheeler
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Robot model for infant learning shows bodily posture may affect memory and learning
Through observing the behavior of infants and robots, an Indiana University cognitive scientist and collaborators have found that posture is critical in the early stages of acquiring new knowledge.
European Union, Poeticon++, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
IU scientists discover mechanism that may help parasites manipulate their hosts
Rodents infected with a common parasite lose their fear of cats, resulting in easy meals for the felines. Now IU School of Medicine researchers have identified a new way the parasite may modify brain cells, possibly helping explain changes in the behavior of mice -- and humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Schoch
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Journal of Health Disparities Research Practices
mHealth app ideal for breast cancer risk assessment, prevention
Interviewing women at a breast-imaging center in an urban safety net institution before and after they used a 'mHealth' mobile health app on a tablet, Dartmouth researchers concluded that older, diverse, and low income women found it easy to use and acceptable.
University of California at San Francisco Center for Aging in Diverse Communities, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Psychiatry Research
Low vitamin D levels and depression linked in young women, new OSU study shows
A new study from Oregon State University suggests there is a relationship between low levels of vitamin D and depression in otherwise healthy young women.
Good Samaritan Hospital Foundation's John C. Erkkila Endowment for Health and Human Performance, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: David Kerr
Oregon State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Doctors say women with aytpia or DCIS should seek second opinions after breast biopsies
While doctors almost always agree on a pathological diagnosis of invasive breast cancer, there is room for improvement when diagnosing atypia (or atypical ductal hyperplasia-ADH) and DCIS (ductal carcinoma in-situ), Dartmouth researchers have found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NCI Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium

Contact: Kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Human Molecular Genetics
Potential treatment identified for myotonic muscular dystrophy
A doctor who was one of the discoverers of the gene responsible for myotonic muscular dystrophy has now identified a therapeutic that could slow progression of muscle damage and muscle dysfunction associated with the disease.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Showing releases 301-325 out of 3646.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>


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