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Department of Health and Human Services

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Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3556.

<< < 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 > >>

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
ACS Nano
Magnetic medicine
Using tiny particles designed to target cancer-fighting immune cells, Johns Hopkins researchers have trained the immune systems of mice to fight melanoma, a deadly skin cancer. The experiments represent a significant step toward using nanoparticles and magnetism to treat a variety of conditions, the researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
Forensic Science International
Analysis: 32 years of US filicide arrests
Over the last three decades US parents have committed filicide -- the killing of one's child -- about 3,000 times every year. The horrifying instances are often poorly understood, but a recent study provides the first comprehensive statistical overview of the tragic phenomenon. The authors also suggest underlying hypotheses of motives with the hope of spurring research on filicide prevention.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
mBio
Saudi Arabian camels carry MERS virus
An estimated three-quarters of camels recently surveyed in Saudi Arabia have evidence of infection with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus, the virus responsible for human cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Results of the new study establish for the first time that direct camel-to-human transmission is possible and provide a pathway to control the spread of the disease.
King Saud University, National Institutes of Health, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Study shows mentally ill more likely to be victims, not perpetrators, of violence
New research shows that almost one-third of adults with mental illness are likely to be victims of violence within a six-month period, and that adults with mental illness who commit violence are most likely to do so in residential settings. The study also finds a strong correlation between being a victim of violence and committing a violent act.
NIH/National Institute for Mental Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Increasing brain acidity may reduce anxiety
Increasing acidity in the brain's emotional control center reduces anxiety, according to an animal study published Feb. 26 in the Journal of Neuroscience. The findings suggest a new mechanism for the body's control of fear and anxiety, and point to a new target for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Anne Nicholas
anicholas@sfn.org
202-962-4060
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
PLOS Medicine
Risk of HIV infection is high during pregnancy and the postpartum period
Women living in world regions where HIV infection is common are at high risk of acquiring HIV infection during pregnancy and the postpartum period, according to a study by US researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Alison Drake and colleagues from the University of Washington in Seattle also found that mothers who acquire HIV during pregnancy or postpartum are more likely to pass the infection on to their offspring than mothers with chronic HIV infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Fiona Godwin
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
Lancet
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
Researchers found that every one patient increase in patient to nurse ratios was associated with a seven percent increase in deaths, while having a better educated nurse workforce is associated with fewer deaths.
European Union, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda H. Aiken
laiken@nursing.upenn.edu
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
New blood test could detect heart attacks more quickly
A new blood test can detect heart attacks hours faster than the current gold-standard blood test. The new test measures a protein called cMyBP-C that is released to the bloodstream by dying heart muscle. A study found cMyBP-C is released to the blood within just 15 minutes of cardiac damage.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Psychological Bulletin
Despite lower levels of drinking, African-Americans encounter more problems
A theoretical paper with lead author Tamika Zapolski, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, examines a paradox in African-American drinking. African-Americans report initiation to drinking at an older age, lower rates of use and lower levels of use in nearly all age groups. Nonetheless, the group encounters higher levels of problems related to alcohol when compared to European-Americans.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Candace Beaty Gwaltney
cmgwaltn@iupui.edu
317-274-0685
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Study shows preventive ovarian surgery in BRCA1 mutation carriers should be performed early
The findings of a large international prospective study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggest for the first time that women with BRCA1 mutations should have preventive ovarian surgery (prophylactic oophorectomy) by age 35, as waiting until a later age appears to increase the risk of ovarian cancer before or at the time of the preventive surgery.
Canadian Breast Cancer Research Alliance, National Institutes of Health, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation

Contact: Kate Blackburn
kate.blackburn@asco.org
571-483-1379
American Society of Clinical Oncology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Nature Medicine
Acupuncture holds promise for treating inflammatory disease
Rutgers researchers have documented a direct connection between the use of acupuncture and physical processes that could alleviate sepsis, a condition that often develops in hospital intensive care units, springs from infection and inflammation, and takes an estimated 250,000 lives in the United States every year.
National Institutes of Health, Mexican National Council for Science and Technology

Contact: Rob Forman
robert.forman@rutgers.edu
973-972-7276
Rutgers University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Cancer patients turning to mass media and non-experts for info
The increasing use of expensive medical imaging procedures in the US like positron emission tomography scans is being driven, in part, by patient decisions made after obtaining information from lay media and non-experts, and not from health care providers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joseph J. Diorio
jdiorio@asc.upenn.edu
215-746-1798
University of Pennsylvania Annenberg School for Communication

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Mental health conditions in most suicide victims left undiagnosed at doctor visits
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though many visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die, according to a national study. Among those in the study, 83 percent received health care treatment in the year prior to dying, and they used medical and primary care services more frequently than any other health service. However, a mental health diagnosis was made in less than half (45 percent) of these cases.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Dwight Angell
dwight.angell@hfhs.org
313-850-3471
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Preventing suicide should start in a general medical setting
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though most visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die. To help prevent suicides, health care providers should therefore become more attuned to their patients' mental health states and possible suicide ideations. These are the findings of Brian Ahmedani from the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alexander Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
917-710-8274
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Physical Review E
In the eye of a chicken, a new state of matter comes into view
Along with eggs, soup and rubber toys, the list of the chicken's most lasting legacies may eventually include advanced materials, according to researchers from Princeton University and Washington University in St. Louis. The researchers report that the unusual arrangement of cells in a chicken's eye constitutes the first known biological occurrence of a potentially new state of matter known as 'disordered hyperuniformity,' which has been shown to have unique physical properties.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, and others

Contact: Morgan Kelly
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Pediatrics
Costs vary widely for care of children with congenital heart defects across US hospitals
Variations as much as nine-fold in some cases, reinforces the need for standardized practices to cut costs and improve quality, says a new study.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Mary Masson
mfmasson@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Affective Disorders
Higher risks among perinatal women with bipolar disorder
Women with bipolar disorder often struggle with the illness during and after pregnancy. A new study finds that they were significantly more likely to face important psychiatric and childrearing challenges compared to women who were seeking treatment for other psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Leukemia
Precursor of multiple myeloma more common in blacks than whites, Mayo study finds
Blacks may be twice as likely as whites to develop multiple myeloma because they are more likely to have a precursor condition known as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), a Mayo Clinic study has found. Not only is MGUS more common in blacks, but the type seen in the black population is also more apt to have features associated with a higher risk of progression to full-blown multiple myeloma, a cancer of a type of white blood cell in bone marrow.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Jabbs Foundation, Henry J. Predolin Foundation

Contact: Joe Dangor
newsbureau@mayo.edu
507-284-5005
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of American College of Cardiology
Cardiovascular Institute researcher: Cancer drug may lower sudden cardiac death risk
A researcher at the Cardiovascular Institute at Rhode Island Miriam and Newport hospitals has found that a new class of drugs, originally developed to treat cancer, reduces sudden cardiac death risk after a heart attack. Researchers evaluated mice that had sustained a heart attack and also had abnormal heartbeats and found that inhibition of a protein signal known as c-Src decreased the risk of abnormal heartbeats and sudden cardiac death.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Admininistration Merit Award, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translation

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Diabetes Care
Specialized cognitive therapy improves blood sugar control in depressed diabetes patients
A program of cognitive behavioral therapy that addresses both mood and diabetes self-care led to improved blood sugar control and produced faster relief of depression in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
kschadwick@partners.org
617-643-3907
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Gerontologist
Parents' attitudes about helping their grown children affect their mental health
Older parents frequently give help to their middle-aged offspring, and their perceptions about giving this help may affect their mental health, according to a team of researchers.
NIH/National Institue on Aging, MacArthur Network on Transitions to Adulthood, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A paper diagnostic for cancer
A low-cost urine test developed by MIT engineers amplifies signals from growing tumors to detect disease.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Mazumdar-Shaw International Oncology Fellowship, National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Advanced Functional Materials
New biological scaffold offers promising foundation for engineered tissues
Engineered tissues like artificial skin begin with a scaffold for cells to grow on. Now a team led by Michigan Technological University's Feng Zhao has coaxed cells called fibroblasts into creating a scaffold that mimics the body's own internal matrix, and in early tests, cells seem happy to set up residence.
National Institutes of Health, Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute

Contact: Marcia Goodrich
mlgoodri@mtu.edu
906-231-5521
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marine algae can sense the rainbow
A new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has shown for the first time that several types of aquatic algae can detect orange, green and blue light.
US Department of Agriculture, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Packard Foundation, and others

Contact: Lindsay Jolivet
lindsay.jolivet@cifar.ca
416-971-4876
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
For older hypertension patients, an unwelcome tradeoff
Medications used by many older people to control their blood pressure also increase the risk of serious fall injuries by 30 percent to 40 percent -- injuries that have a similar effect on mortality and functional loss as the strokes and heart attacks the blood pressure drugs are meant to prevent -- according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the Feb. 24 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3556.

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