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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3458.

<< < 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 > >>

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice
Abusive parenting may have a biological basis
Parents who physically abuse their children appear to have a physiological response that subsequently triggers more harsh parenting when they attempt parenting in warm, positive ways, according to new research.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Administration for Children and Families

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
LSUHSC awarded $3 million grant to study effect of HIV-related changes to oral bacteria
Dr. Paul Fidel, the Carl Baldridge Professor and associate dean for research at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans' School of Dentistry, is the lead principal investigator of a $2.76 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research over five years to study how HIV and antiretroviral therapy may change communities of bacteria in the mouth and what effects those changes may have on oral infections in HIV disease.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4860
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Angewandte Chemie
Scientists invent a better way to make antibody-guided therapies
Chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have devised a new technique for connecting drug molecules to antibodies to make advanced therapies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Health Affairs
Meals for more seniors could save some states money
Expanding programs like Meals on Wheels, because they help some Medicaid-receiving seniors stay out of nursing homes, would save 26 of 48 states money, in addition to allowing more seniors to stay in their own homes, according to a new study in Health Affairs.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Study shows how neurons enable us to know smells we like and dislike, whether to approach or retreat
What underlying biological mechanisms account for our seemingly instant, almost unconscious ability to determine how attractive (or repulsive) a particular smell is? New research reveals a set of cells in the fruit fly brain that respond specifically to food odors. The degree to which these neurons respond when the fly is presented different food odors predicts "incredibly well how much the flies will 'like' a given odor."
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
New research shows PET imaging effective in predicting lung cancer outcomes
Advanced imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) scan shows great promise in predicting which patients with inoperable lung cancer have more aggressive tumors and need additional treatment following standard chemotherapy/radiation therapy, according to new research recently published online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The multi-site trial, led by study author and principal investigator Mitch Machtay, M.D., University Hospitals Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center, enrolled 250 patients at 60 cancer centers around the country.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Alicia Reale
alicia.reale@uhhospitals.org
216-844-5158
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
American Journal of Cell Physiology
Rhode Island Hospital uncovers pathway linking heartburn and esophageal cancer
More than 60 million adults in the US have acid reflux, or heartburn, and approximately 10 percent are at risk for developing esophageal cancer, due in part to complications from Barrett's esophagus. But researchers at Rhode Island Hospital discovered a pathway they believe links Barrett's esophagus to the development of esophageal cancer. Their data suggest that blocking this pathway, such as with a proton pump inhibitor (e.g., omeprazole), may prevent the development of esophageal cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Preventing Chronic Disease
Research shows 'advergames' promote unhealthy foods for kids
Not only do some online video games promote a less-than-active lifestyle for children, the content of some of these games also may be contributing to unhealthy diets. A team of Michigan State University researchers took a closer look at what are called advergames and found they have a tendency to promote foods that are chock full of fat, sugar and sodium.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Oswald
tom.oswald@cabs.msu.edu
517-432-0920
Michigan State University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
USC study: Unlocking biology with math
Scientists at USC have created a mathematical model that explains and predicts the biological process that creates antibody diversity -- the phenomenon that keeps us healthy by generating robust immune systems through hypermutation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Journal of Virology
How JC Polyomavirus invades cells
A new study in the Journal of Virology identifies the means by which the JC Polyomavirus enters host cells. It's a particular subset of serotonin receptors.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Biological Psychology
How do stress hormones during pregnancy predict adult nicotine addiction?
Adult women whose mothers had increased levels of stress hormones while they were pregnant are at greater risk of becoming addicted to nicotine, according to a new study led by a Miriam Hospital researcher.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Collins Grimes
jgrimes2@lifespan.org
Lifespan

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Budnik gets EUREKA grant to study communication between nucleus and cytoplasm
University of Massachusetts Medical School Professor and Vice Chair of Neurobiology Vivian Budnik, Ph.D., has received a four-year, $1.3 million EUREKA (Exceptional Unconventional Research Enabling Knowledge Acceleration) grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to explore a novel mechanism of communication between the cytoplasm and the nucleus, called nuclear envelope budding, that may lead to new understandings for various tissue dystrophies and aging disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Jim Fessenden
james.fessenden@umassmed.edu
508-856-2000
University of Massachusetts Medical School

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Study identifies essential molecule in formation of differentiated blood cells
New research in the Journal of Experimental Medicine identifies a protein that controls the formation of different types of mature blood cells -- a finding that could be important to developing new treatments for blood diseases and helping realize the potential of regenerative medicine. Reporting their results online Oct. 7, the authors focus on a protein that serves as a molecular switch in the cytoplasm of cells to control cell function.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Council, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Alcon Research Institute

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Neuroscience
Stress steroid mediated withdrawal anxiety in dependent rats reversible by flumazenil
SUNY Downstate Medical Center announced today that Sheryl Smith, Ph.D., professor of physiology and pharmacology, has published new findings demonstrating a reproducible pathology that may help shed light on anxiety and mood volatility in methamphetamine dependence.
National Institutes of Health, Hythiam, Inc.

Contact: Sheryl Smith, Ph.D.
sheryl.smith@downstate.edu
516-353-4714
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Neurology
Study identifies possible biomarker for Parkinson's disease
Investigators from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center find that elevated levels of alpha-synuclein protein can be detected in the skin of Parkinson's disease patients.
National Institutes of Health, Langer Family Foundation, RJG Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3-D printed microscopic cages confine bacteria in tiny zoos for the study of infections
University of Texas at Austin researchers have used a novel 3-D printing technology to build homes for bacteria at a microscopic level. Their method uses a laser to construct protein "cages" around bacteria in gelatin. The resulting structures can be of almost any shape or size, and can be moved around in relationship to other structures containing bacterial microcommunities.
National Institutes of Health, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: Jason Shear
jshear@mail.utexas.edu
512-232-1454
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Pediatrics
Air pollution and psychological distress during pregnancy
Maternal psychological distress combined with exposure to air pollution during pregnancy have an adverse impact on children's behavioral development. The study shows that maternal demoralization, a measure of psychological distress that can affect a mother's ability to cope with stressful situations, was linked with several behavioral problems, including anxiety, depression, and attention problems. Effects of demoralization were greatest among children with higher levels of prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in air pollution.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cells prefer nanodiscs over nanorods
For years scientists have been working to fundamentally understand how nanoparticles move throughout the human body. One big unanswered question is how the shape of nanoparticles affects their entry into cells. Now researchers have discovered that under typical culture conditions, mammalian cells prefer disc-shaped nanoparticles over those shaped like rods.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Health Affairs
Delayed aging is better investment than cancer, heart disease
Research to delay aging and the infirmities of old age would have better population health and economic returns than advances in individual fatal diseases such as cancer or heart disease, reveals study by top health scientists at USC, Harvard, Columbia and other institutions.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-740-0252
University of Southern California

Public Release: 7-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New more effective antimicrobials might rise from old
By tinkering with their chemical structures, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have essentially re-invented a class of popular antimicrobial drugs, restoring and in some cases, expanding or improving, their effectiveness against drug-resistant pathogens in animal models.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 6-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
International coalition of researchers finds 6 new Sjögren's syndrome genes
Six new Sjögren's syndrome-related genes have been discovered by an international group of researchers in a genome-wide association study. Previously, only one Sjögren's gene was known.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation

Contact: Greg Elwell
greg-elwell@omrf.org
405-271-8955
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2013
Nature
CSHL neuroscientists identify class of cortical inhibitory neurons that specialize in disinhibition
New research now reveals that one class of inhibitory neurons -- called VIP interneurons -- specializes in inhibiting other inhibitory neurons in multiple regions of cortex, and does so under specific behavioral conditions. The new research finds that VIP interneurons, when activated, release principal cells from inhibition, thus boosting their responses. This provides an additional layer of control over cortical processing, much like a dimmer switch can fine-tune light levels.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Klingenstein Foundation, John Merck Foundation, Sloan Foundation, Swartz Foundation, Curie Fellowship

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
917-435-5068
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 6-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
Massive DNA study points to new heart drug targets and a key role for triglycerides
A global hunt for genes that influence heart disease risk has uncovered 157 changes in human DNA that alter the levels of cholesterol and other blood fats -- a discovery that could lead to new medications. Each of the changes points to genes that can modify levels of cholesterol and other blood fats and are potential drug targets. Many of the changes point to genes not previously linked to blood fats, also called lipids.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 4-Oct-2013
Genome Research
Nano-dissection identifies genes involved in kidney disease
A new method developed by researchers at Princeton University and the University of Michigan called "in silico nano-dissection" uses computers rather than scalpels to separate and identify genes from specific cell types, enabling the systematic study of genes involved in diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
Princeton University

Public Release: 4-Oct-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
IU researchers, collaborators discover new therapeutic agents that may benefit leukemia patients
An Indiana University cancer researcher and his colleagues have discovered new therapeutic targets and drugs that may someday benefit people with certain types of leukemia or blood cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Schug
maschug@iupui.edu
317-278-0953
Indiana University

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3458.

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