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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3627.

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Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
PLOS Genetics
Silent mutations speak up
Returning to research of years ago, U biologists developed an assay to test effects of all possible silent mutations on protein translation. One-third of silent mutations caused a slow down in speed of protein translation, in some cases by as much as five-fold.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly T. Hughes
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
McLean Hospital researchers see promise in transplanted fetal stem cells for Parkinson's
Researchers at Harvard-affiliated McLean Hospital have found that fetal dopamine cells transplanted into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease were able to remain healthy and functional for up to 14 years, a finding that could lead to new and better therapies for the illness.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Jenna Brown
McLean Hospital

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
UO researchers use rhythmic brain activity to track memories in progress
Using EEG electrodes attached to the scalps of 25 student subjects, University of Oregon researchers have tapped the rhythm of memories as they occur in near real time in the human brain.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Researching how residential environment impacts preterm delivery in African-Americans
High levels of racial disparities in preterm delivery exist, with African-Americans having higher rates than non-Hispanic whites. Since traditional risk factors do not fully account for this disparity, other explanations are needed and researchers at Wayne State University are teaming up to find answers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
A new approach to Alzheimer's disease research
As part of its ongoing research to better understand the complexities of the human brain, the Allen Institute for Brain Science is embarking on the first effort to map connectivity patterns across the whole brain in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease, through its recent award of a $3.4 million grant over five years from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Cooper
Edelman Public Relations

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hemorrhagic fevers can be caused by body's antiviral interferon response
Virologists and immunologists at The Scripps Research Institute have found a major clue to the mystery of 'hemorrhagic fever' syndromes. The team showed that Interferon Type I immune proteins are key drivers of a viral syndrome in mice that closely mimics human hemorrhagic fevers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Medical Physics
New diagnostic imaging techniques deemed safe in simulations
Gamma and neutron imaging offer possible improvements over existing techniques such as X-ray or CT, but their safety is not yet fully understood. Using computer simulations, imaging the liver and breast with gamma or neutron radiation was found to be safe, delivering levels of radiation on par with conventional medical imaging, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Dad's alcohol consumption could influence sons' drinking, Pitt study finds
Even before conception, a son's vulnerability for alcohol use disorders could be shaped by a father who chronically drinks to excess, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings in PLOS ONE show male mice that were chronically exposed to alcohol before breeding had male offspring that were less likely to consume alcohol and more sensitive to its effects, providing new insight into inheritance and development of drinking behaviors.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Saturated fat intake may influence a person's expression of genetic obesity risk
In a new study, researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University associate a person's genetic risk for obesity with Body Mass Index, and show that saturated fat intake may influence the expression of a person's genetic obesity risk.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
MU scientists successfully transplant, grow stem cells in pigs
Researchers at the University of Missouri have shown that a new line of genetically modified pigs will host transplanted cells without the risk of rejection, opening the door for future stem cell therapy research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nathan Hurst
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Cancer Discovery
Four new genes confirmed to increase familial breast cancer risk
Four new genes have been added to the growing list of those known to cause increased breast cancer risk when mutated through the efforts of researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, who lead an international consortium working to find more gene mutations that cause inherited breast cancer susceptibilities.
National Institutes of Health, Breast Cancer Family Registry, Huntsman Cancer Foundation

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Five-question clinical tool the first to help screen risk of violence in military veterans
A new brief, five-question screening tool can help clinicians identify which veterans may be at greater risk of violence, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
SLEEP 2014
Light treatment improves sleep, depression, agitation in Alzheimer's
A new study suggests that light treatment tailored to increase circadian stimulation during the day may improve sleep, depression and agitation in people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia. Results show that exposure to the tailored light treatment during daytime hours for four weeks significantly increased sleep quality, efficiency and total sleep duration. It also significantly reduced scores for depression and agitation.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
QCORE Meeting
Doctors reluctant to discuss end-of-life care with heart failure patients
Few healthcare providers report talking to their heart failure patients about end-of-life care preferences. Doctors, nurse practitioners and physician assistants cited patient uneasiness, their own discomfort and lack of time as main reasons for not discussing the subject. Nearly a third of clinicians surveyed said they lacked the confidence to bring up the subject of end-of-life care.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Burton
American Heart Association

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
New device isolates most aggressive cancer cells
Not all cancer cells are created equal -- some stay put in the primary tumor, while others move and invade elsewhere. A major goal for cancer research is predicting which cells will metastasize, and why. A Cornell cancer research team is taking a new approach to screening for these dangerous cells, using a microfluidic device they invented that isolates only the most aggressive, metastatic cells.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
New definition of kidney disease for clinical trials could lead to new treatments
A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that new therapies for kidney disease could be developed more quickly by revising the definition of kidney disease progression used during clinical trials. If adopted, the new definition could shorten the length of some clinical trials and also potentially encourage more clinical trials in kidney disease.
US National Kidney Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Barbara Benham
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Researchers shut down a SARS cloaking system; findings could lead to SARS, MERS vaccines
A research team has figured out how to disable a part of the SARS virus responsible for hiding it from the immune system; a critical step in developing a vaccine against the deadly disease. The findings also have potential applications in the creation of vaccines against other coronaviruses, including MERS.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Elizabeth K. Gardner
Purdue University

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fatty liver disease prevented in mice
Studying mice, researchers have found a way to prevent nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Blocking a path that delivers dietary fructose to the liver prevented mice from developing the condition, according to investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Complex neural circuitry keeps you from biting your tongue
Chewing requires a complex interplay in which the tongue pushes food into the teeth and then darts back to avoid being bitten. Duke University researchers have used a sophisticated tracing technique to map the brain circuitry in mice that keeps mealtime relatively painless. The study, which appears June 3 in eLife, could lend insight into a variety of human behaviors, from nighttime teeth grinding to smiling or complex vocalizations.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
SLEEP 2014
Night owls may be more sedentary, less motivated to exercise
A new study suggests that night owls are more sedentary and feel that they have a harder time maintaining an exercise schedule.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Study: New test predicts if breast cancer will spread
A test that counts the number of locations in tumor specimens where tumor cells may invade blood vessels predicted the risk of distant spread, or metastasis, for the most common type of breast cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Neuroscience Letters
Stress hormone receptors localized in sweet taste cells
A new study from the Monell Center reports that oral taste cells contain receptors for glucocorticoid 'stress hormones.' The findings suggest glucocorticoids may act directly on taste cells to affect how they respond to sugars and other taste stimuli under conditions of stress.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Moffitt researchers develop process to help personalize treatment for lung cancer patients
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers, in collaboration with the Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium, have developed a process to analyze mutated genes in lung adenocarcinoma to help better select personalized treatment options for patients. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer in the United States with approximately 130,000 people diagnosed each year.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kim Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Brain and Cognition
Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids
Children who are physically fit have faster and more robust neuro-electrical brain responses during reading than their less-fit peers, researchers report. These differences correspond with better language skills in the children who are more fit, and occur whether they're reading straightforward sentences or sentences that contain errors of grammar or syntax.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Liver cancer vaccine effective in mice
Tweaking a protein expressed by most liver cancer cells has enabled scientists to make a vaccine that is exceedingly effective at preventing the disease in mice.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Showing releases 3001-3025 out of 3627.

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