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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3026-3050 out of 3429.

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Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Developing platforms for more accurate DNA sequence reading
Polymer scientist Murugappan Muthukumar at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a four-year, $1.08 million grant from NIH's National Human Genome Research Institute to find new ways to control the process of reading the precise order of nucleotides in DNA chains as they pass through a nanopore. The work should lead to cheaper, faster and more accurate gene sequencing for medical research and health care.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Researchers find what's missing in teen health programs
Adding a mental health component to school-based lifestyle programs for teens could be key to lowering obesity, improving grades, alleviating severe depression and reducing substance use, a new study suggests.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Bernadette Melnyk
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
PLOS Biology
Fungal sex can generate new drug resistant, virulent strains
Sex between genetically identical organisms has been found to create genetic changes and diversity where it did not previously exist. Duke University studies of a fungus called Cryptococcus showed the process of sexual reproduction can result in extra copies of chromosomes that can be beneficial to the organism's survival. The discovery contributes to the understanding of sex, and lends insight into how pathogenic microbes can evolve to cause and spread diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
PLOS Biology
Unisexual reproduction introduces diversity in clonal populations of Cryptococcus neoformans
A team of researchers led by Professor Joseph Heitman has discovered procreation between genetically identical fungi Cryptococcus neoformans can result in genetic changes and diversity in their offspring, lending insight into how they can evolve to cause and spread disease. These results are published 10 September 2013 in the open access journal PLOS Biology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Elizabeth Pearl

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Health Affairs
Study: Minimally injured people sent to trauma centers cost hundreds of millions per year
During a three-year period in seven metropolitan areas in the western United States, the emergency medical services system sent more than 85,000 injured patients to major trauma hospitals who didn't need to go there -- costing the health care system more than $130 million per year, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study published today in the journal Health Affairs.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Rare, inherited mutation leaves children susceptible to acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Researchers have discovered the first inherited gene mutation linked exclusively to acute lymphoblastic leukemia occurring in multiple relatives in individual families.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Study finds antisocial texting by teens linked to bad behavior
University of Texas at Dallas researchers published a new study online in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology examining antisocial texting habits in teenagers as a predictor for later deviant behavior. Dr. Samuel Ehrenreich and colleagues tracked teenagers' texts throughout the ninth grade. Self-reports and parent/teacher assessments revealed that students who texted about antisocial behaviors, such as fighting or drug use, were more likely to engage in the activities by the end of the year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ben Porter
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Autoimmune disease strategy emerges from immune cell discovery
Scientists from UC San Francisco have identified a new way to manipulate the immune system that may keep it from attacking the body's own molecules in autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
National Institutes of Health, Helmsley Charitable Trust, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Children's National receives NIH grant to further research prenatal brain injury
Children's National Medical Center has received a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to identify reliable early signs of prenatal brain injury caused by congenital heart disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Paula Darte
Children's National Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
JAMA Neurology
Brain circuitry loss may be a very early sign of cognitive decline in healthy elderly people
The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia, a study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center has found.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Brown, University of Cape Town team up for HIV social science
Brown University and the University of Cape Town will collaborate under a new NIH grant on social science research and teaching to address HIV.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Molecular Therapy
Therapy slows onset and progression of Lou Gehrig's disease, study finds
Studies of a therapy designed to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis suggest that the treatment dramatically slows onset and progression of the deadly disease, one of the most common neuromuscular disorders in the world. The researchers found a survival increase of up to 39 percent in animal models with a one-time treatment, a crucial step toward moving the therapy into human clinical trials.
National Institutes of Health, Packard Center for ALS Research

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
Cell transplants may be a novel treatment for schizophrenia
Researchers from the School of Medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio discovered that transplanting stem cells into the rat brain -- into a center called the hippocampus -- restored functions that are abnormal in schizophrenia.
National Institutes of Health, Hogg Foundation

Contact: Will Sansom
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies, materials science and RNA sequencing, according to an international team of researchers.
Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chemists find new way to put the brakes on cancer
Researchers from USC and NYU have developed a synthetic molecule, "protein domain mimetic," which targets the interaction between two proteins, called transcription factor-coactivator complex at the point where intracellular signaling cascade converges resulting in an up-regulation of genes that promote tumor progression.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
EMBO Molecular Medicine
First animal model of adult-onset SMA sheds light on disease progression & treatment
A research team at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has used a recently developed technology they call TSUNAMI to create the first animal model of the adult-onset version of spinal muscular atrophy, a devastating motor-neuron illness.
National Institutes of Health, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Spinal Muscular Atrophy Foundation, St. Giles Foundation

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Health Affairs
ER visits after surgery: Study finds high rate among seniors & lots of variation among hospitals
Nearly one in five older adults who have common operations will end up in the emergency department within a month of their hospital stay, a new study finds -- a surprisingly high number found in the first national look at the issue. What's even more surprising? The wide variation between hospitals, in keeping their older surgery patients from needing emergency care after surgery. Some hospitals had four times the rate of others.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
JCI early table of contents for Sept. 9, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Sept. 9, 2013, in the JCI: Study identifies fibroblast growth factor 18 as an ovarian cancer biomarker, Insulin secretion disrupted by increased fatty acids, Proximal tubule H-ferritin mediates iron trafficking in acute kidney injury, Retinal angiogenesis suppression through small molecule activation of p53, Perturbation of NK cell peripheral homeostasis accelerates prostate carcinoma metastasis
National Institutes of Health, The Julie Fund, MD Anderson SPORE, Wellcome Trust, UK diabetes project, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 8-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Researchers uncover genetic cause of childhood leukemia
For the first time, a genetic link specific to risk of childhood leukemia has been identified, according to a team of researchers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, University of Washington, and other institutions.
Starr Cancer Research Initiative, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrea Molinatti
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Public Release: 8-Sep-2013
Team IDs 2 pathways through which chromosomes are rearranged
A research team has identified two pathways through which chromosomes are rearranged in mammalian cells. Preventing these rearrangements could conceivably prevent cancer in some people.
National Institutes of Health, UT Health Science Center San Antonio/Cancer Therapy & Research Center

Contact: Will Sansom
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 8-Sep-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Synthetic mRNA can induce self-repair and regeneration of the infarcted heart
A team of scientists at Karolinska Institutet and Harvard University has taken a major step towards treatment for heart attack, by instructing the injured heart in mice to heal by expressing a factor that triggers cardiovascular regeneration driven by native heart stem cells. The study, published in Nature Biotechnology, also shows that there was an effect on driving the formation of a small number of new cardiac muscle cells.
Moderna Therapeutics, AstraZeneca, National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: Katarina Sternudd
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 6-Sep-2013
Advanced Materials
Drug patch treatment sees new breakthrough
This new flexible patch treatment can quicken drug delivery time while cutting waste, and can likely minimize side-effects in some cases, notable in vaccinations and in cancer therapy.
National Institutes of Health, Chapel Hill's University Cancer Research Fund

Contact: Steven Mackay
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 6-Sep-2013
Biophysical Journal
Research yields first detailed view of morphing Parkinson's protein
Researchers have taken detailed images and measurements of the morphing structure of a brain protein thought to play a role in Parkinson's disease, information that could aid the development of medications to treat the condition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
Social media + behavior psychology leads to HIV testing, better health behaviors
A new UCLA study demonstrates that an approach that combines behavioral science with social media and online communities can lead to increased AIDS testing and improved health behaviors among men at risk of HIV infection. The approach is also applicable across a variety of diseases.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Sep-2013
Molecular beacons light path to cardiac muscle repair
Having a pure population of cardiac muscle cells is essential for avoiding tumor formation after transplantation, but has been technically challenging. Researchers at Emory and Georgia Tech have developed a method for purifying cardiac muscle cells from stem cell cultures using molecular beacons.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Showing releases 3026-3050 out of 3429.

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