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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3026-3050 out of 3698.

<< < 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 > >>

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Cell Reports
A control knob for fat?
Researchers found a new function for a long-studied gene: it appears to regulate fat storage in C. elegans.
NIH/National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, The Ellison Medical Foundation, American Federation of Aging Research

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Taming the inflammatory response in kidney dialysis
Frequent kidney dialysis can cause systemic inflammation, leading to complications such as cardiovascular disease and anemia by triggering the complement cascade, part of the innate immune system. Complement is inadvertently activated by modern polymer-based dialysis blood filters. New work has found an effective way to avoid these problems by temporarily suppressing complement during dialysis.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, European Community's Seventh Framework Programme

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
MBL imaging technique reveals that bacterial biofilms are associated with colon cancer
An imaging technology developed at MBL reveals that bacterial biofilms are associated with colon cancer. Reported in PNAS with lead authors from Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
National Institutes of Health, Merieux Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Diabetes Care
Link between low blood glucose and cardiovascular events revealed
A study involving scientists from the University of Leicester has established a link between hypoglycaemia and increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with diabetes.
NIH/National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Kamlesh Khunti
University of Leicester

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Biological Chemistry
Wake Forest research confirms controversial nitrite hypothesis
Understanding how nitrite can improve conditions such as hypertension, heart attack and stroke has been the object of worldwide research studies. New research from Wake Forest University has potentially moved the science one step closer to this goal.
National Institutes of Health, Wake Forest University/Translational Science Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine/Hypertension & Vascular Research Center

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Scientists reveal new family tree for birds, clear back to dinosaur parents
A large international group of scientists, including an Oregon Health & Science University neuroscientist, is publishing this week the results of a first-ever look at the genome of dozens of common birds. The scientists' research tells the story of how modern birds evolved after the mass extinction that wiped out dinosaurs and almost everything else on Earth 66 million years ago, and gives new details on how birds came to have feathers, flight and song.
National Genebank in China, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Lundbeck Foundation, Danish National Research Foundation

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
International Journal of Obesity
Obese children's brains more responsive to sugar
A new study led by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine finds that the brains of obese children literally light up differently when tasting sugar.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Molecular Cell
MSU scientists find way to boost healthy cells during chemo
Michigan State University scientists are closer to discovering a possible way to boost healthy cell production in cancer patients as they receive chemotherapy. By adding thymine -- a natural building block found in DNA -- into normal cells, they found it stimulated gene production and caused them to multiply.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Nanoshaping method points to future manufacturing technology
A new method that creates large-area patterns of 3-D nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as 'plasmonic metamaterials' for advanced technologies.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Hepatitis C ruled out as cause of mental impairment in HIV patients
Infection with the hepatitis C virus does not contribute to the problems in mental functions seen in many patients with long-term HIV infections, a new study reveals.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Preventive Medicine
Low income kids eat more fruits and vegetables when they are in school
The fruits and vegetables provided at school deliver an important dietary boost to low income adolescents, according to Meghan Longacre, Ph.D. and Madeline Dalton, Ph.D. of Dartmouth Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Hood Center for Children and Families. In a study released in Preventive Medicine, Longacre and Dalton found that fruit and vegetable intake was higher among low income adolescents on days when they consumed meals at school compared to days when low income adolescent were not in school.
NIH/National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Kirk A. Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Cause of malaria drug resistance in SE Asia identified
Malaria drug resistance in Southeast Asia is caused by a single mutated gene in the disease-causing parasite, a Columbia-led study has found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Youngest bone marrow transplant patients at higher risk of cognitive decline
Toddlers who undergo total body irradiation in preparation for bone marrow transplantation are at higher risk for a decline in IQ and may be candidates for stepped up interventions to preserve intellectual functioning, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators reported. The findings appear in the current issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
UB research raises consciousness for dehydration concerns in diabetic patients
Some drugs used to treat diabetes mimic the behavior of a hormone that a University at Buffalo psychologist has learned controls fluid intake in subjects. The finding creates new awareness for diabetics who, by the nature of their disease, are already at risk for dehydration.
National Institutes of Health, American Psychological Association, Mark Diamond Research Fund of the Graduate Student Association at the University at Buffalo

Contact: Bert Gambini
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
3-D maps reveal the genome's origami code
In a triumph for cell biology, researchers have assembled the first high-resolution, 3-D maps of entire folded genomes and found a structural basis for gene regulation -- a kind of 'genomic origami' that allows the same genome to produce different types of cells. The research appears online today in Cell.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NVIDIA, IBM, Google, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, McNair Medical Institute

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Many US workers are sacrificing sleep for work hours, long commutes
An analysis of 124,000 responses to the American Time Use Survey shows that paid work time is the primary waking activity exchanged for sleep. The study also suggests that chronic sleep loss potentially could be prevented by strategies that make work start times more flexible. 'The evidence that time spent working was the most prominent sleep thief was overwhelming,' said lead author Dr. Mathias Basner, Penn assistant professor of sleep and chronobiology in psychiatry.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, NASA

Contact: Thomas Heffron
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
FASEB Journal
Decoding fat cells: UR discovery may explain why we gain weight
University of Rochester researchers believe they're on track to solve the mystery of weight gain -- and it has nothing to do with indulging in holiday eggnog.
National Institutes of Health, Rochester/Finger Lakes Eye & Tissue Bank, Research to Prevent Blindness Foundation

Contact: Leslie Orr
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Cell Reports
Herpes virus rearranges telomeres to improve viral replication
A team of scientists, led by researchers at The Wistar Institute, has found that an infection with herpes simplex virus 1 causes rearrangements in telomeres, small stretches of DNA that serve as protective ends to chromosomes. The findings show that this manipulation of telomeres may explain how viruses like herpes are able to successfully replicate while also revealing more about the protective role that telomeres play against other viruses.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ben Leach
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Scientists map the human loop-ome, revealing a new form of genetic regulation
The ancient Japanese art of origami is based on the idea that nearly any design -- a crane, an insect, a samurai warrior -- can be made by taking the same blank sheet of paper and folding it in different ways. The human body faces a similar problem.
McNair Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, IBM, Google, NVIDA

Contact: Glenna Picton
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Arthritis & Rheumatology
Nighttime gout attack risk more than 2 times higher than in the daytime
Novel research reveals that the risk of acute gout attacks is more than two times higher during the night or early morning hours than it is in the daytime. The study, published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology, confirms that nocturnal attacks persist even among those who did not consume alcohol and had a low amount of purine intake during the 24 hours prior to the gout attack.
National Institutes of Health, Arthritis Foundation, American College of Rheumatology Research and Education Fund

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Genes tell story of birdsong and human speech
A massive international effort to sequence and compare the entire genomes of 48 species of birds, representing every major order of the bird family tree, reveals that vocal learning evolved twice or maybe three times among songbirds, parrots and hummingbirds. Even more striking, the set of genes employed in each of those song innovations is remarkably similar to the genes involved in human speaking ability.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Human DNA shows traces of 40 million-year battle for survival between primate and pathogen
Examination of DNA from 21 primate species -- from squirrel monkeys to humans -- exposes an evolutionary war against infectious bacteria over iron that circulates in the host's bloodstream. Supported by experimental evidence, these findings, published in Science on Dec. 12, demonstrate the vital importance of an increasingly appreciated defensive strategy called nutritional immunity. The study models an approach for uncovering reservoirs of genetic resistance to bacterial infections, knowledge that could be used to confront antibiotic-resistance and emerging diseases.
National Institutes of Health, Pew Cheritable Trusts

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Developmental Cell
Senescent cells play an essential role in wound healing
Tumor suppressing senescent cells are bad for aging. The no-longer-dividing cells release a continual cascade of inflammatory factors and are implicated in many maladies including arthritis, atherosclerosis and late life cancer. But researchers show that senescent cells are good for wound healing -- identifying a single factor that causes them to promote that process. It's a crucial discovery for researchers working on developing treatments to clear senescent cells as a way to stem age-related disease.
American Italian Cancer Foundation, Japan Science and Technology Agency, National Institutes of Health, European Council

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
Short sleep duration and sleep-related breathing problems increase obesity risk in kids
Sleep-related breathing problems and chronic lack of sleep may each double the risk of a child becoming obese by age 15, according to new research from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. The good news is that both sleep problems can be corrected. The study, which followed nearly 2,000 children for 15 years, published online today in The Journal of Pediatrics.
National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2014
53rd Annual American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Meeting
Early identification of modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline
Researchers now believe it's possible that risk factors for cognitive decline may show up long before diseases such as Alzheimer's develop. In a study presented at the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology annual meeting, scientists found that clues such as high blood pressure are often present in mid-life, and that identification and modification of such factors could prevent the progression of debilitating cognitive deficits later in life.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Beth Miller
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Showing releases 3026-3050 out of 3698.

<< < 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 > >>


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