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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3051-3075 out of 3686.

<< < 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 > >>

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Primary care-based program helps overweight, middle-aged women increase physical activity
Getting help from the family doctor may be a better way for overweight, middle-aged women to increase their physical activity, rather than trying to go it alone, according to a trial led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and funded by the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Hearth, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Rick Pietzak
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Blood vessel cells improve the conversion of pluripotent stem cells to blood lineages
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that the presence of endothelial cells, which make up the lining of blood vessels, improves the ability of pluripotent stem cell-derived progenitors to repopulate blood cell lineages.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
JAMA Internal Medicine
HPV vaccination not linked to riskier sex
Receiving the HPV vaccine does not increase rates of sexually transmitted infections in adolescent females, suggesting that vaccinating girls is not likely to promote unsafe sexual activity.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Academic Pediatrics
Energy drinks significantly increase hyperactivity in schoolchildren
Middle-school children who consume heavily sweetened energy drinks are 66 percent more likely to be at risk for hyperactivity and inattention symptoms, a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health has found.
NIH/National Institute of Child and Human Development, Patrick and Catherine Weldon Donaghue Foundation Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Michael Greenwood
Yale University

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Novel 'smart' insulin automatically adjusts blood sugar in diabetic mouse model
Scientists have created a novel, long-lasting 'smart' insulin that self-activates when blood sugar soars. Tests on mouse models for diabetes show that one injection works for a minimum of 14 hours, during which it can repeatedly and automatically lower blood sugar levels after simulated meals, mimicking blood sugar recovery in healthy mice. The finding represents an important advance in insulin therapy for diabetics and will be published Feb. 9 in PNAS Early Edition.
Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, Tayebati Family Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Stress may partly explain worse heart attack recovery in young and middle-aged women
Stress is associated with worse recovery after heart attack among young and middle-age patients. Women patients perceive greater psychological stress than men. Greater stress among women partially explained their worse recovery.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Akeem Ranmal
American Heart Association

Public Release: 6-Feb-2015
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
UC Davis researchers identify new compound that takes aim at neuropathic pain
A new compound discovered by a team of UC Davis investigators has potent actions against production of a chemical that which is implicated in the development of chronic pain following a peripheral nerve injury in the spinal cord.
UC Davis MIND Institute, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, UC Davis Research Investments in the Sciences and Engineering (RISE) Program

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 6-Feb-2015
UT Dallas scientists target smartphone technology to improve hearing devices
A team of UT Dallas scientists has received a $522,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health for a project aimed at harnessing the power of smartphones to improve hearing assistive devices.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 6-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
We're all going to die; DNA strands on the end of our chromosomes hint when
BYU professor Jonathan Alder is currently studying the gene mutations that cause people to have unnaturally short telomeres. Recent research he coauthored with collaborators at Johns Hopkins University, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation and Chest, finds those mutations are connected to both pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2015
E-cigarette vapors, flavorings, trigger lung cell stress
A new study shows that emissions from e-cigarette aerosols and flavorings damage lung cells by creating harmful free radicals and inflammation in lung tissue, suggesting that e-cigarettes are likely a toxic replacement for tobacco products. The study also shows that some flavored e-juices -- particularly cinnamon -- create more stress and toxicity on lung tissue.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Emily Boynton
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Feb-2015
After hospital discharge, deadly heart risks can remain for up to a year
In the month following an older heart patient's hospital discharge, there is a one in five risk of rehospitalization or death, but little is known about how these risks change over time. A new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers found that risks remain high for up to a year, but can be addressed with targeted care.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, American Federation for Aging Research, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Cell Reports
New study sheds light on cancer stem cell regulation
Researchers identify signaling molecules in intestinal stem cells that can lead to tumors if left unregulated. The findings suggest a new approach to targeting intestinal cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discover Institute

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology
Cell signaling pathway goes awry in common pediatric brain tumor
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers links a well-known cell communication pathway called Notch to one of the most common -- but overall still rare -- brain tumors found in children.
Knights Templar Eye Foundation, Childhood Brain Tumor Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Lauren's First and Goal, Pilocytic/Pilomyxoid Research Fund

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Science of the Total Environment
Reports from Columbia's Superfund program show many US wells tainted with arsenic
Arsenic is the biggest public-health problem for water in the United States -- yet we pay far less attention to it than we do to lesser problems. The Superfund Research Program, directed by Mailman School of Public Health professor Joseph Graziano, Ph.D., says private wells present continuing risks. Even low doses of arsenic may reduce IQ in children. There are also well-documented risks of cancer, heart disease, and reduced lung function.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
MARC travel awards announced for: IHCM Short Course 2015
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Immunohistochemistry and Microscopy Short Course from March 14-19, 2015, in Woods Hole, Mass.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Cell Systems
Researchers produce first map of New York City subway system microbes
The microbes that call the New York City subway system home are mostly harmless, but include samples of disease-causing bacteria that are resistant to drugs -- and even DNA fragments associated with anthrax and Bubonic plague -- according to a citywide microbiome map published today by Weill Cornell Medical College investigators.
National Institutes of Health, Weill Cornell Clinical and Translational Science Center, Pinkerton Foundation, Vallee Foundation, WorldQuant Foundation, Epigenomics Core Facility at Weill Cornell, HudsonAlpha Institute

Contact: Jen Gundersen
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
New trial uses breast MRI and genomics for treatment decision-making in DCIS
Women with DCIS receive same treatments as those with early-stage invasive cancer. Decisions about lumpectomy/mastectomy often based on mammography alone. Trial examines whether MRIs, which show extent of disease more accurately than mammograms, help women/doctors avoid unnecessary mastectomies. Women who get lumpectomies often treated with radiation to prevent recurrence. Trial uses personalized genetic information from women's cancer tissue to identify those at low risk who may forgo radiation. Comfort/quality of life data will be collected.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Diane M Dragaud
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Cell Stem Cell
Improving genome editing with drugs
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes and Stanford University have discovered a way to enhance the efficiency of CRISPR genome editing with the introduction of a few key chemical compounds. This has important potential implications for correcting disease-causing genetic mutations.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Translational Research
Salicylates, a class of NSAIDs, stop vestibular schwannomas growth
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Harvard Medical School/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Program in Speech and Hearing Bioscience and Technology have demonstrated that salicylates, a class of non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reduced the proliferation and viability of cultured vestibular schwannoma cells that cause a sometimes lethal intracranial tumor that typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Berarelli Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Journal of Political Economy
Study: More expensive emergency care does yield better results
Unique research method reveals significant return on additional health care spending.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
British Journal of Cancer
Overweight children may be at higher risk of esophageal cancer as adults
Overweight children may be at higher risk of esophageal (gullet) cancer when they grow up than their slimmer friends, according to research published this week in the British Journal of Cancer.
Intramural Program of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, European Research Council, European Union's Seventh Framework Programme

Contact: Liz Smith
Cancer Research UK

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
USC neurogeneticists harness immune cells to clear Alzheimer's-associated plaques
New research from scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California shows that the body's immune system may be able to clear the brain of toxic plaque build-up that is the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, reversing memory loss and brain cell damage.
National Institutes of Health, American Federation of Aging Research/Ellis Medical Foundation, Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Obstetrics & Gynecology
IUD, implant contraception effective beyond FDA-approved use
New research indicates that hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants remain highly effective one year beyond their approved duration of use, according to a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
Society of Family Planning, Washington University Institute of Clinical and Translational Sciences, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and others

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Frontiers in Microbiology
Another breastfeeding benefit: Preparing baby's belly for solid food
University of North Carolina researchers found that a baby's diet during the first few months of life has a profound influence on the composition, diversity, and stability of the gut microbiome. These factors influence the baby's ability to transition from milk to solid foods and may have long-term health effects.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, UNC-Chapel Hill/University Research Council

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Circadian clock-Angelman syndrome link established
Vanderbilt biologists have found a direct link between the biological clock and Angelman syndrome, a neurogenetic disorder that occurs in more than one in every 15,000 live births. The link may provide a valuable way to judge the effectiveness of the first experimental drugs under development for treating the syndrome.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Showing releases 3051-3075 out of 3686.

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