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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3051-3075 out of 3510.

<< < 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 > >>

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Human Reproduction
Vaginally administered ED medication may alleviate menstrual cramping
Women with moderate to severe menstrual cramps may find relief in a class of erectile dysfunction drugs, according to a team of researchers led by Penn State College of Medicines Richard Legro.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matthew Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cancer Research
Prostate cancer biomarker may predict patient outcomes
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the University of Alberta in Canada have identified a biomarker for a cellular switch that accurately predicts which prostate cancer patients are likely to have their cancer recur or spread.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute

Contact: Dagny Stuart
dagny.stuart@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Structure
How our vision dims: Chemists crack the code of cataract creation
Groundbreaking new findings by UC Irvine and German chemists about how cataracts form could be used to help prevent the world's leading cause of blindness, which currently affects nearly 20 million people worldwide.
National Institutes of Health, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Janet Wilson
janethw@uci.edu
949-824-3969
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell Reports
Gene found to be crucial for formation of certain brain circuitry
Using a powerful gene-hunting technique for the first time in mammalian brain cells, researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have identified a gene involved in building the circuitry that relays signals through the brain. The gene is a likely player in the aging process in the brain, the researchers say.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
443-903-7607
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Public Health
More alcohol and traffic laws mean fewer traffic deaths, NYU Steinhardt study concludes
States with a higher number of alcohol- and traffic-related laws have a lower proportion of traffic deaths than do states with fewer such laws on the books, a study by researchers at NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development has found.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell Stem Cell
Activating pathway could restart hair growth in dormant hair follicles, Penn Study suggests
A pathway known for its role in regulating adult stem cells has been shown to be important for hair follicle proliferation, but contrary to previous studies, is not required within hair follicle stem cells for their survival, according to researchers at the University of Pennsylvania. A new study, published in Cell Stem Cell, identifies a molecular pathway that can be activated to prompt hair growth of dormant hair follicles, or blocked to prevent growth of unwanted hair.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Kim Menard
kim.menard@uphs.upenn.edu
215-662-6183
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Stem Cells
Priming 'cocktail' shows promise as cardiac stem cell grafting tool
Researchers have identified a new tool that could help facilitate future stem cell therapy for the more than 700,000 Americans who suffer a heart attack each year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
jennifer.nachbur@uvm.edu
802-656-7875
University of Vermont

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Science
Vaccine study reveals link between immunity and cells' starvation response
Scientists studying immune responses to the yellow fever vaccine have identified a gene whose activation in key immune cells is a sign of a robust response. The results suggest vaccine components that activate the GCN2 gene could provide long-lasting immunity.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell
Probiotic therapy alleviates autism-like behaviors in mice
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed when individuals exhibit characteristic behaviors, decreased social interactions, and impaired communication. Curiously, many with ASD also suffer from gastrointestinal issues, like abdominal cramps and constipation. Guided by this co-occurrence of brain and gut problems, researchers at the California Institute Technology are investigating a bacterium that alleviates GI and behavioral symptoms in autistic-like mice, introducing a potentially transformative probiotic therapy for autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
mr@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Immunity
Sanford-Burnham researchers identify new target to treat psoriasis
The study identifies the BTLA inhibitory receptor as the key factor in limiting inflammatory responses, particularly in skin. The study has important implications for developing drugs to treat psoriasis and potentially other inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Gammon
sgammon@sanfordburnham.org
858-795-5012
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell
Membrane enzymes 'stop and frisk' proteins indiscriminately
For what is believed to be the first time, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University have illuminated the inner workings of an important class of enzymes located inside the outer envelopes of cells. Much to their surprise, they report, these protein cutters, called rhomboid proteases, are entirely different than nearly every other type of enzyme studied, showing no attraction to the proteins they cut and being extremely slow in making their cuts.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Vanessa McMains
vmcmain1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9410
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
BMJ Open
Eating healthy vs. unhealthy diet costs about $1.50 more per day
The healthiest diets cost about $1.50 more per day than the least healthy diets, according to new research from Harvard School of Public Health. The finding is based on the most comprehensive examination to date comparing prices of healthy foods and diet patterns vs. less healthy ones.
NIH/Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Science
Brain cancer cells hide while drugs seek
A team of scientists, led by principal investigator Paul S. Mischel, M.D., a member of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and professor in the Department of Pathology at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has found that brain cancer cells resist therapy by dialing down the gene mutation targeted by drugs, then re-amplify that growth-promoting mutation after therapy has stopped.
The Ben and Catherine Ivy Foundation Fund, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell
How mosquitoes are drawn to human skin and breath
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside have found that the very receptors in the mosquito's maxillary palp that detect carbon dioxide are ones that detect skin odors as well, thus explaining why mosquitoes are attracted to skin odor -- smelly socks, worn clothes, bedding -- even in the absence of carbon dioxide. Using a chemical computational method they developed, the researchers identified affordable, safe and pleasant-smelling compounds that could find use in mosquito control.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, University of California Global Health Institute, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Tracking exercise as vital sign associated with weight loss and better glucose control for patients
Asking patients about their exercise habits was associated with weight loss in overweight patients and improved glucose control for patients with diabetes, according to a recently published study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research

Contact: Joshua Weisz
jweisz@golinharris.com
202-585-2614
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Science
TSRI scientists: Emerging bird flu strain is still poorly adapted for infecting humans
Avian influenza virus H7N9, which killed several dozen people in China earlier this year, has not yet acquired the changes needed to infect humans easily, according to a new study by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute. In contrast to some initial studies that had suggested that H7N9 poses an imminent risk of a global pandemic, the new research found, based on analyses of virus samples from the Chinese outbreak, that H7N9 is still mainly adapted for infecting birds, not humans.
National Institutes of Health, The Scripps Research Institute/Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Nature
Study identifies protein that helps developing germ cells wipe genes clean of past imprints
A protein called Tet1 is partly responsible for giving primordial germ cells a clean epigenetic slate before developing into sperm and egg cells, according to a new study by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital. This discovery could help provide clues to the cause of some kinds of neonatal growth defects and may also help advance the development of stem cell models of disease.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Erin Tornatore
erin.tornatore@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Menopause
Not in the mood but want to be? New studies bring women hope
For women, passing midlife can deal a blow to their sex drive. But two new studies just published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society, offer hope to women who want to get their sexual mojo back.
Boehringer Ingelheim, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center

Contact: Eileen Petridis
epetridis@fallscommunications.com
216-696-0229
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
International Journal of Obesity
LSUHSC research finds inflammation linked to obesity in adults may be protective in young children
The first study of its kind, led by Melinda Sothern, Ph.D., CEP, Professor and Director of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health, reveals that the same pro-inflammatory proteins linked to obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adults appear to protect children prior to puberty.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
JAMA Dermatology
Shining a light on the damage that daily sun exposure can cause: Study highlights need for better sunscreens
A low level of daily exposure to a common component of sunlight can cause skin damage at the molecular level after just a few days, new research shows. The findings highlight the need for better sunscreens to protect against these damaging rays, and prevent the process that can cause skin to look old, wrinkled and sagging prematurely.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
TGen, Barrow and PCH receive $4 million grant to study genetic basis of brain injuries
In an effort to lower medical costs, identify patients at risk for injury, and speed patient recovery, scientists will attempt to identify a molecular signal that indicates severity of brain-injury during a $4 million, five-year federal grant to Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix Children's Hospital and the Translational Genomics Research Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
syozwiak@tgen.org
602-343-8704
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
PLOS ONE
University of Maryland scientists develop new understanding of chlamydial disease
Investigators at the Institute for Genome Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have developed a new technique that can track the activity of a disease-causing microbe and the host cell response to that pathogen simultaneously. Using the new method to examine Chlamydia trachomatis infection, the study team observed how the response of the infected cell contributes to one of the hallmark outcomes of chlamydial disease -- tissue scarring. Their findings appear in the Dec. 4 issue of PLOS One.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Sarah Pick
spick@som.umaryland.edu
410-707-2543
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Nature
How our nerves keep firing
University of Utah and German biologists discovered how nerve cells recycle tiny bubbles or "vesicles" that send chemical nerve signals from one cell to the next. The process is much faster and different than two previously proposed mechanisms for recycling the bubbles.
National Institutes of Health, European and German Research Councils, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-581-8993
University of Utah

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Youthful suicide attempts a marker for lifelong troubles
Against a backdrop of rising youth suicide attempts during the global recession, a longitudinal study has found that people who had attempted suicide before age 24 are plagued by more health and psychiatric issues and had more economic difficulties than their peers when they reach their mid-30s. Youthful suicide attempt doesn't cause these problems, but can be a clue to provide more care to these individuals.
National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council, New Zealand Health Research Council, Jacobs Foundation

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Droplet Digital PCR enables measurement of potential cancer survival biomarker
Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center use Droplet Digital PCR to quantify tumor-attacking immune cells (TILs) in cancer tissues in a promising effort to develop the use of TILs in immunotherapy as well as a cancer survival predictor.
Listwin Family Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Pacific Ovarian Cancer Research Consortium, Canary Foundation, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Ken Li
kli@chempetitive.com
312-532-4675
Chempetitive Group

Showing releases 3051-3075 out of 3510.

<< < 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 > >>

     
   

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