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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3429.

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Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Variation in bitter receptor mRNA expression affects taste perception
New findings from the Monell Center reveal that a person's sensitivity to bitter taste is shaped not only by which taste genes that person has, but also by how much messenger RNA -- the gene's instruction guide that tells a taste cell to build a specific receptor -- their taste cells make.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorder

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Testosterone deficiency not the only cause of age-associated changes in men
Just as the symptoms of menopause in women are attributed to a sharp drop in estrogen production, symptoms often seen in middle-aged men -- changes in body composition, energy, strength and sexual function -- are usually attributed to the less drastic decrease in testosterone production that typically occurs in the middle years. However, a study by Massachusetts General Hospital researchers finds that insufficient estrogen could be at least partially responsible for some of these symptoms.
National Institutes of Health, Abbott Laboratories

Contact: Mike Morrison
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Multiple sclerosis appears to originate in different part of brain than long believed
A physician and scientist at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School has found an important clue why the search for the cause of multiple sclerosis has been slow -- it appears that most research on the origins of MS has focused on the wrong part of the brain. Look more to the gray matter and less to the white.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Alzheimer's: Newly identified protein pathology impairs RNA splicing
Researchers have identified a previously unrecognized type of pathology in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. These tangle-like structures appear at early stages of Alzheimer's and are not found in other neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. The appearance of these tangles, which sequester proteins involved in RNA splicing, is linked to widespread changes in Alzheimer's brains compared to healthy brains.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Innovative 'pay for performance' program improves patient outcomes
Paying doctors for how they perform specific medical procedures and examinations yields better health outcomes than the traditional "fee for service" model, where everyone gets paid a set amount regardless of quality or patient outcomes, according to new research conducted by UC San Francisco and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.
Robin Hood Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leland Kim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Nature Medicine
2 common drugs may help treat deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
Treatment with two common drugs reduced viral replication and lung damage when given to monkeys infected with the virus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. The condition is a deadly pneumonia that has killed more than 100 people, primarily in the Middle East. The new findings show that a combination of interferon-alpha 2b and ribavirin, drugs routinely used to treat hepatitis C, may be effective against this emerging disease.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shingles symptoms may be caused by neuronal short circuit
The pain and itching associated with shingles and herpes may be due to the virus causing a "short circuit" in the nerve cells that reach the skin.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Binghamton University researcher awarded funding to help heart attack risk
Binghamton University researcher Amber Doiron, hopes to give doctors a more accurate way of determining a patient's risk of heart attack or stroke.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Ryan Yarosh
Binghamton University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Discovery about DNA repair could lead to improved cancer treatments
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have made a basic science discovery that advances the understanding of how DNA repairs itself. When DNA becomes too damaged it ultimately leads to cancer.
Canadian Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Raquel Maurier
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
UCI-led study creates new memories by directly changing the brain
By studying how memories are made, UC Irvine neurobiologists created new, specific memories by direct manipulation of the brain, which could prove key to understanding and potentially resolving learning and memory disorders.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Andrea Burgess
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Study details paired risk factors in preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy. A study of how two immune system-related factors -- one genetic and one sexual -- combine to affect risk could yield strategies for planning pregnancies with improved awareness and management of the odds for being affected by that complication.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Biological Psychiatry
Study suggests possibility of selectively erasing unwanted memories
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been able to erase dangerous drug-associated memories in mice and rats without affecting other more benign memories. The surprising discovery points to a clear and workable method to disrupt unwanted memories while leaving the rest intact.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Frontiers in Psychology
Think twice, speak once: Bilinguals process both languages simultaneously
Bilingual speakers can switch languages seamlessly, likely developing a higher level of mental flexibility than monolinguals, according to Penn State linguistic researchers.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Developing platforms for more accurate DNA sequence reading
Polymer scientist Murugappan Muthukumar at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a four-year, $1.08 million grant from NIH's National Human Genome Research Institute to find new ways to control the process of reading the precise order of nucleotides in DNA chains as they pass through a nanopore. The work should lead to cheaper, faster and more accurate gene sequencing for medical research and health care.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Researchers find what's missing in teen health programs
Adding a mental health component to school-based lifestyle programs for teens could be key to lowering obesity, improving grades, alleviating severe depression and reducing substance use, a new study suggests.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Bernadette Melnyk
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
PLOS Biology
Fungal sex can generate new drug resistant, virulent strains
Sex between genetically identical organisms has been found to create genetic changes and diversity where it did not previously exist. Duke University studies of a fungus called Cryptococcus showed the process of sexual reproduction can result in extra copies of chromosomes that can be beneficial to the organism's survival. The discovery contributes to the understanding of sex, and lends insight into how pathogenic microbes can evolve to cause and spread diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
PLOS Biology
Unisexual reproduction introduces diversity in clonal populations of Cryptococcus neoformans
A team of researchers led by Professor Joseph Heitman has discovered procreation between genetically identical fungi Cryptococcus neoformans can result in genetic changes and diversity in their offspring, lending insight into how they can evolve to cause and spread disease. These results are published 10 September 2013 in the open access journal PLOS Biology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Elizabeth Pearl

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Health Affairs
Study: Minimally injured people sent to trauma centers cost hundreds of millions per year
During a three-year period in seven metropolitan areas in the western United States, the emergency medical services system sent more than 85,000 injured patients to major trauma hospitals who didn't need to go there -- costing the health care system more than $130 million per year, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study published today in the journal Health Affairs.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Rare, inherited mutation leaves children susceptible to acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Researchers have discovered the first inherited gene mutation linked exclusively to acute lymphoblastic leukemia occurring in multiple relatives in individual families.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Study finds antisocial texting by teens linked to bad behavior
University of Texas at Dallas researchers published a new study online in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology examining antisocial texting habits in teenagers as a predictor for later deviant behavior. Dr. Samuel Ehrenreich and colleagues tracked teenagers' texts throughout the ninth grade. Self-reports and parent/teacher assessments revealed that students who texted about antisocial behaviors, such as fighting or drug use, were more likely to engage in the activities by the end of the year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ben Porter
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Autoimmune disease strategy emerges from immune cell discovery
Scientists from UC San Francisco have identified a new way to manipulate the immune system that may keep it from attacking the body's own molecules in autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
National Institutes of Health, Helmsley Charitable Trust, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Children's National receives NIH grant to further research prenatal brain injury
Children's National Medical Center has received a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to identify reliable early signs of prenatal brain injury caused by congenital heart disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Paula Darte
Children's National Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
JAMA Neurology
Brain circuitry loss may be a very early sign of cognitive decline in healthy elderly people
The degeneration of a small, wishbone-shaped structure deep inside the brain may provide the earliest clues to future cognitive decline, long before healthy older people exhibit clinical symptoms of memory loss or dementia, a study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center has found.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Brown, University of Cape Town team up for HIV social science
Brown University and the University of Cape Town will collaborate under a new NIH grant on social science research and teaching to address HIV.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2013
Molecular Therapy
Therapy slows onset and progression of Lou Gehrig's disease, study finds
Studies of a therapy designed to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis suggest that the treatment dramatically slows onset and progression of the deadly disease, one of the most common neuromuscular disorders in the world. The researchers found a survival increase of up to 39 percent in animal models with a one-time treatment, a crucial step toward moving the therapy into human clinical trials.
National Institutes of Health, Packard Center for ALS Research

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3429.

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