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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3483.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Cell
Study offers new theory of cancer development
Researchers have devised a way to understand patterns of aneuploidy -- an abnormal number of chromosomes -- in tumors and predict which genes in the affected chromosomes are likely to be cancer suppressors or promoters. They propose that aneuploidy is a driver of cancer rather than a result of it.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Science
Scientists capture most detailed picture yet of key AIDS protein
Collaborating scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and Weill Medical College of Cornell University have determined the first atomic-level structure of the tripartite HIV envelope proteinólong considered one of the most difficult targets in structural biology and of great value for medical science.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences Biomedical Research Technology Program, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
NIH awards $1.7 million to neuroscientist for visual perception research
University of California, Riverside neuroscientist Aaron Seitz has been awarded a five-year, $1.7 million grant by the National Institutes of Health to continue groundbreaking research that may lead to new therapies for individuals with amblyopia (lazy eye), dry macular degeneration and cataracts.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bettye Miller
bettye.miller@ucr.edu
951-827-7847
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Vaccine
HPV vaccination rates alarmingly low among young adult women in South
Initiation and completion rates for the human papillomavirus vaccine series are significantly lower in the South than any other geographic region, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. The new findings are especially disconcerting because cervical cancer -- which is caused almost exclusively by HPV -- is more prevalent in the South than in any other region. Further, although vaccination rates have risen since 2008, the findings underscore the need for increased physician recommendation and vaccine assistance programs.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Molly Dannenmaier
mjdannen@utmb.edu
409-772-8790
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Nature
New SARS-like coronavirus discovered in Chinese horseshoe bats
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced the discovery of a new SARS-like coronavirus (CoV) in Chinese horseshoe bats.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony M. Ramos
ramos@ecohealthalliance.org
212-380-4469
EcoHealth Alliance

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
American Journal of Epidemiology
Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy associated with preterm birth in non-white mothers
African-American and Puerto Rican women who have low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy are more likely to go into labor early and give birth to preterm babies, research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health reveals. The study, the largest to date to look at the association between vitamin D and preterm birth, is now available online in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Journal of Cancer Survivorship
Qigong can help fight fatigue in prostate cancer survivors
Flowing movements and meditative exercises of the mind-body activity Qigong may help survivors of prostate cancer to combat fatigue. These are the findings of a study by Dr. Anita Y. Kinney at the University of New Mexico Cancer Center and Dr. Rebecca Campo at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The study took place at the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, and was published in Springer's Journal of Cancer Survivorship.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, University of Utah/Center on Aging Pilot Award

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
PLOS ONE
Gladstone scientists identify molecular signals that rouse dormant HIV infection
Perhaps the single greatest barrier to curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS is the dormant, or "latent," reservoir of virus, which is out of reach of even the most potent medications. But now, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have uncovered new clues that may help researchers awaken HIV from its slumber -- laying the foundation for purging all trace of the virus, and for one day finding a cure for the more than 34 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2534

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Psychological Science
Seeing in the dark
With the help of computerized eye trackers, a new cognitive science study finds that at least 50 percent of people can see the movement of their own hand even in the absence of all light.
National Institutes of Health, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation

Contact: Susan Hagen
susan.hagen@rochester.edu
585-276-4061
University of Rochester

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Nature
Staph infections and eczema: What's the connection?
For the millions of people suffering from the intensely red, horribly itchy skin condition known as eczema, the only thing more maddening than their disease is the lack of understanding of what causes it, or makes it flare up from time to time. Now, a new finding made by University of Michigan Medical School researchers and their colleagues may bring that understanding closer -- and could help lead to better treatments.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Chiba University

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Incurable brain cancer gene is silenced
Glioblastoma multiforme, the brain cancer that killed Sen. Edward Kennedy, is aggressive and incurable. Northwestern University researchers are the first to demonstrate delivery of a drug that turns off a critical gene in this complex cancer, increasing survival rates significantly in animals with the disease. The therapeutic, based on nanotechnology, is nimble enough to cross the blood-brain barrier and get to the brain tumor. Once there, it flips the switch of the oncogene to "off," silencing the gene.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
PLOS ONE
A first step in learning by imitation, baby brains respond to another's actions
Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery for adults, but for babies it's their foremost tool for learning. Now researchers from the University of Washington and Temple University have found the first evidence revealing a key aspect of the brain processing that occurs in babies to allow this learning by observation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
PLOS ONE
Bacteria and fat: A 'perfect storm' for inflammation, may promote diabetes
A University of Iowa study shows that superantigens from staph bacteria trigger fat cells to produce pro-inflammatory molecules. Moreover, the study found that superantigens synergized with another toxin from E. coli to magnify fat cells' cytokine responses. The findings suggest that by promoting chronic inflammation through their effect on fat cells, staph superantigens may play a role in the development of diabetes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Early HIV antiviral treatment found to be cost-effective in South Africa, India
"Treatment as prevention" -- early initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected individuals with uninfected sexual partners to prevent viral transmission -- appears to make economic sense, along with meeting its clinical goals of helping infected patients stay healthy and reducing transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, HIV Prevention Trials Network, AIDS Clinical Trials Group

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM study evaluates early stem cell transplants for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Performing early stem cell transplants in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma does not improve overall survival in high-risk patients, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. But early transplantation does appear to be beneficial among a small group of patients who are at the very highest risk, the study found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Nature
Monoclonal antibodies show promise as effective HIV therapy
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has demonstrated that a group of recently discovered antibodies may be a highly effective therapy for the treatment of HIV.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Knowledge about incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse lower among women of color
Knowing what symptoms to look for may help women with pelvic floor disorders improve their chances of successful treatment. But knowledge of these disorders is lacking among most women, and especially among women of color, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine.
Robert Wood Johnson, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Journal of Cell Science
Mechanisms of wound healing are clarified in MBL zebrafish study
A crucial component of wound healing in many animals, including humans, is the migration of nearby skin cells toward the center of the wound. How do these neighboring skin cells know which way to migrate? A new paper from MBL scientists clarifies the role of calcium signaling in wound healing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Weight at time of diagnosis linked to prostate cancer mortality
Men who are overweight or obese when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer are more likely to die from the disease than men who are of healthy weight, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joshua Weisz
jweisz@golinharris.com
202-585-2614
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
12th annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research
Sedentary behavior linked to recurrence of precancerous colorectal tumors
Men who spend the most time engaged in sedentary behaviors are at greatest risk for recurrence of colorectal adenomas, benign tumors that are known precursors of colorectal cancers. Although there is extensive evidence supporting an association between higher overall levels of physical activity and reduced risk of colorectal cancer, few studies have focused on the impact of sedentary behavior on colorectal cancer risk.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Hepatology
Estrogen protects women with NASH from severe liver fibrosis
New research suggests that estrogen protects women with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis from severe liver fibrosis. According to the study published online in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, men are at higher risk of more severe fibrosis compared to women prior to menopause, but liver fibrosis severity is similar in men and post-menopausal women.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Miriam Hospital researcher awarded $2.9 million NIH grant to study impact of maternal smoking
Laura Stroud, Ph.D., a researcher with The Miriam Hospital's Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, was recently awarded a five-year, $2,885,481 grant from the National Institutes of Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, to further her work on the physiological impact of maternal smoking on fetal development and behavior.
NIH/National Institutes of Drug Abuse

Contact: Nancy Jean
njean@lifespan.org
Lifespan

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
How a metamaterial might improve a depression treatment
A brain stimulation technique that is used to treat tough cases of depression could be considerably improved with a new headpiece designed by University of Michigan engineers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Pediatrics
ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
With prescription drug abuse at epidemic levels nationwide, and overdoses killing more people than auto accidents in many states, a new study provides striking new data about the misuse of potent prescription painkillers and sedatives by teens and young adults. In all, 10.4 percent of the teens and young adults treated in the emergency room for any reason admitted to misusing a prescription painkiller or sedative at least once in the last year.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
A potential new class of fast-acting antidepressant
More than one in 10 Americans take antidepressants, but these medications can take weeks -- and for some patients, months -- before they begin to alleviate symptoms. Now, scientists from the University of Chicago have discovered that selectively blocking a serotonin receptor subtype induces fast-acting antidepressant effects in mice, indicating a potential new class of therapeutics for depression. The work was published Oct. 29 in Molecular Psychiatry.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Geraldi Norton Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3483.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>

     
   

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