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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3572.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Moffitt researchers discover new mechanism allowing tumor cells to escape immune surve
The immune system plays a pivotal role in targeting cancer cells for destruction. However, tumor cells are smart and have developed ways to avoid immune detection. A collaborative team of researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center recently discovered a novel mechanism that lung cancer cells use to block detection by a type of immune cell called a natural killer cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
The Journal of Pediatrics
Children exposed to methamphetamine before birth have increased cognitive problems
Youngsters exposed to methamphetamine before birth had increased cognitive problems at age 7.5 years, highlighting the need for early intervention to improve academic outcomes and reduce the potential for negative behaviors.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Stem cells from muscle can repair nerve damage after injury, Pitt researchers show
Stem cells derived from human muscle tissue were able to repair nerve damage and restore function in an animal model of sciatic nerve injury, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published online today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, suggest that cell therapy of certain nerve diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, might one day be feasible.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Who's afraid of math? Study finds some genetic factors
A new study of math anxiety shows how some people may be at greater risk to fear math not only because of negative experiences, but also because of genetic risks related to both general anxiety and math skills.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stephen Petrill
Ohio State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
British Medical Journal
Risk of obesity from regular consumption of fried foods may depend on genetic makeup
People with a genetic predisposition to obesity are at a higher risk of obesity and related chronic diseases from eating fried foods than those with a lower genetic risk, according to a new study from researchers from Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School.
National Institutes of Health, Merck Research Laboratories

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Penn Medicine researchers show how lost sleep leads to lost neurons
Using a mouse model of chronic sleep loss, Penn Medicine researchers have determined that extended wakefulness is linked to injury to, and loss of, neurons that are essential for alertness and optimal cognition, the locus coeruleus neurons.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Mikulski
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
One in 3 patients with bloodstream infections given inappropriate therapy
Growing drug resistance, a high prevalence of S. aureus bacteria and ineffective antibiotics prescribed to one in three patients are among the challenges facing community hospitals in treating patients with serious bloodstream infections, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Robert Wood Johnson Physician Faculty Scholars Program

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Breaking bad': Insect pests in the making
Of thousands of known species of Drosophila fruit flies, just one is a known crop pest, depositing eggs inside ripening fruit so its maggots can feed and grow. New research from UC Davis shows the similarities and crucial differences between this pest and its close relatives -- and that one related fly has potential to also become a pest.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings widens with age
Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers, heart and other serious health conditions beyond the age of 35, according to the latest findings from the world's largest study of childhood cancer survivors.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Study identifies most common, costly reasons for mental health hospitalizations for kids
Nearly one in 10 hospitalized children have a primary diagnosis of a mental health condition, and depression alone accounts for $1.33 billion in hospital charges annually, according to a new analysis led by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute for Children's Health and Human Development

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Ohio State partners with MedVax Technologies Inc. to bring a cancer peptide vaccine to patients
The Ohio State University, through the Ohio State Innovation Foundation, has signed an exclusive world-wide licensing agreement with MedVax Technologies Inc. for the licensing of groundbreaking cancer peptide vaccine technologies.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Amanda J Harper
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
New therapeutic target discovered for Alzheimer's disease
A team of scientists from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, the Medical University of South Carolina and San Diego-based American Life Science Pharmaceuticals, Inc., report that cathepsin B gene knockout or its reduction by an enzyme inhibitor blocks creation of key neurotoxic pGlu-Aβ peptides linked to Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, the candidate inhibitor drug has been shown to be safe in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Veteran's Affairs Merit Review, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Computer analyzes massive clinical databases to properly categorize asthma patients
A computer program capable of tracking more than 100 clinical variables for almost 400 people has shown it can identify various subtypes of asthma, which perhaps could lead to targeted, more effective treatments. Wei Wu, a Carnegie Mellon University computational biologist led the analysis of patient data from the federally funded Severe Asthma Research Program for the study, which was published online by the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New therapeutic target identified for acute lung injury
A bacterial infection can throw off the equilibrium between two key proteins in the lungs and put patients at risk for a highly lethal acute lung injury, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
US headache sufferers get $1 billion worth of brain scans each year, U-M study finds
One in eight visits to a a doctor for a headache or migraine end up with the patient going for a brain scan, at a total cost of about $1 billion a year, a new University of Michigan Medical School study finds. And many of those MRI and CT scans -- and costs -- are probably unnecessary, given the very low odds that serious issues lurk in the patients' brains.
National Institutes of Health, Taubman Medical Research Institute

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Better continuity of care for elderly pataients cuts costs and complications, study finds
Patients with chronic illnesses often face care that is poorly coordinated, leading to higher use of health services and poorer outcomes. A new study finds that improving the coordination of care for elderly patients with chronic diseases trims costs, reduces use of health services and cuts complications.
Aetna Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
Study finds that fast-moving cells in the human immune system walk in a stepwise manner
A team of biologists and engineers at UC San Diego applied advanced mathematical tools to answer a basic question in cell biology about how cells move and discovered that the mechanism looks very similar to walking. Their discovery, published March 17 in the Journal of Cell Biology, is an important advance toward developing new pharmacological strategies to treat chronic inflammatory diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Primary androgen deprivation therapy ineffective for most men with early prostate cancer
A study of more than 15,000 men with early stage prostate cancer finds that those who received androgen deprivation as their primary treatment instead of surgery or radiation did not live any longer than those who received no treatment.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Hepatitis C remains major problem for HIV patients despite antiretroviral therapy
A new study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that the risk of hepatitis C-associated serious liver disease persists in HIV patients otherwise benefiting from antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Children's preferences for sweeter and saltier tastes are linked to each other
Scientists from the Monell Center have found that children who most prefer high levels of sweet tastes also most prefer high levels of salt taste and that, in general, children prefer sweeter and saltier tastes than do adults. These preferences also relate to measures of growth and can have important implications for efforts to change children's diets.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Many parents have infant-feeding, TV, and activity practices which may increase obesity risk
A majority of parents in a new study reported infant feeding and activity behaviors believed to increase the child's risk for later obesity. In addition, these behaviors varied according to the self-reported race and ethnicity of the parents.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Danielle Bates
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 16-Mar-2014
Vast gene-expression map yields neurological and environmental stress insights
A consortium led by Berkeley Lab scientists has conducted the largest survey yet of how information encoded in an animal genome is processed in different organs, stages of development, and environmental conditions. Their findings, based on fruit fly research, paint a new picture of how genes function in the nervous system and in response to environmental stress.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Dan Krotz
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Mar-2014
Nature Genetics
Novel gene-finding approach yields a new gene linked to key heart attack risk factor
Scientists have discovered a previously unrecognized gene variation that makes humans have healthier blood lipid levels and reduced risk of heart attacks -- a finding that opens the door to using this knowledge in testing or treatment of high cholesterol and other lipid disorders. But even more significant is how they found the gene, which had been hiding in plain sight in previous hunts for genes that influence cardiovascular risk.
National Institutes of Health, Norwegian HUNT

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 16-Mar-2014
Newly identified small-RNA pathway defends genome against the enemy within
For a plant to create reproductive cells, it must first erase a series of tags attached to DNA across the genome that distinguish active and inactive genes. But the marks also keep a host of damaging 'jumping genes' inactive. As the cell wipes away the marks, it activates transposons, which can cause genetic damage. Researchers at CSHL have discovered a fail-safe mechanism that helps to keep transposons inactive even when these marks are erased.
DuPont Pioneer, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Mar-2014
Managing Type 1 diabetes as an adolescent
The Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes will receive a $2.1 million grant to help teach adolescents with Type 1 diabetes how to manage their disease and improve their health outcomes and quality of life. The study is called the Flexible Lifestyle 3mpowering Change.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease

Contact: Jackie Brinkman
University of Colorado Denver

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3572.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>


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