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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3608.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Tobacco Control
Seeing e-cigarette use encourages young adult tobacco users to light up
Seeing people use electronic cigarettes increases the urge to smoke among regular combustible cigarettes users, according to a new study of young adult smokers. This elevated desire is as strong as when observing someone smoking a regular cigarette, report scientists from the University of Chicago online, May 21, in Tobacco Control. The study is the first to investigate the behavioral effects of exposure to e-cigarette use in a controlled setting.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Disturbance in blood flow leads to epigenetic changes and atherosclerosis
Disturbed patterns of blood flow induce lasting epigenetic changes to genes in the cells that line blood vessels, and those changes contribute to atherosclerosis, researchers have found. The findings suggest why the protective effects of good blood flow patterns, which aerobic exercise promotes, can persist over time.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Penn study: Longest-lasting cardiology guidelines built on findings of randomized controlled trials
In a first-of-its-kind study, Penn Medicine researchers examined high-level recommendations published by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association between 1998 and 2007 and found that recommendations which were supported by multiple randomized controlled trials were the most 'durable' and least likely to change over time.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-May-2014
American College of Sports Medicine 61st Annual Meeting
Maintaining mobility in older adults can be as easy as a walk in the park
With just a daily 20-minute walk, older adults can help stave off major disability and enhance the quality of their later years, according to results of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Study, conducted by researchers at Yale School of Medicine in collaboration with seven other institutions around the country. The study is published in the May 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Dealing with stress -- to cope or to quit?
We all deal with stress differently. For many of us, stress is a great motivator, but for others, stress triggers depression. Researchers are actively working to understand how and why this debilitating mental disease develops. Today, a team of researchers at CSHL reveals a major insight into the neuronal basis of depression. They have identified the group of neurons in the brain that determines how a mouse responds to stress -- whether with resilience or defeat.
National Institutes of Health, Dana Foundation, Louis Feil Trust

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sex-specific changes in cerebral blood flow begin at puberty, Penn study finds
Penn Medicine researchers have discovered that cerebral blood flow levels decreased similarly in males and females before puberty, but saw them diverge sharply in puberty, with levels increasing in females while decreasing further in males, which could give hints as to developing differences in behavior in men and women and sex-specific pre-dispositions to certain psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Foundation

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-May-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Hot flashes/night sweats solutions: Estrogen therapy vs. venlafaxine
A new research study from Brigham and Women's Hospital that compares low-dose oral estrogen and low-dose non-hormonal venlafaxine hydrochloride extended release to placebo were both found effective in reducing the number of hot flashes and night sweats reported by menopausal women.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Relaxation helps pack DNA into a virus
DNA packs more easily into the tight confines of a virus when given a chance to relax.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Doug Smith
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Neurons can use local stores for communication needs
Researchers have revealed that neurons can utilize a supremely localized internal store of calcium to initiate the secretion of neuropeptides, one class of signaling molecules through which neurons communicate with each other and with other cells.
National Institutes of Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, National Research Service Award

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 25-May-2014
Nature Medicine
Scientists discover potential new target for cancer immunotherapy
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells are found abundantly in the microenvironment around tumors. They suppress immune response and promote cancer progression. They've been hard to target, but MD Anderson researchers have identified a potential route of attack.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Scott Merville
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Public Release: 25-May-2014
Nature Cell Biology
Study identifies how signals trigger cancer cells to spread
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have discovered a signaling pathway in cancer cells that controls their ability to invade nearby tissues in a finely orchestrated manner. The findings offer insights into the early molecular events involved in metastasis, the deadly spread of cancer cells from primary tumor to other parts of the body. The study was published today in the online edition of Nature Cell Biology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 25-May-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Team validates potentially powerful new way to treat HER2-positive breast cancer
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory today reported a discovery that they hope will lead to the development of a powerful new way of treating an aggressive form of breast cancer called HER2-positive.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, Brown University Seed Fund Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cancer Center

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 23-May-2014
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Untangling whole genomes of individual species from a microbial mix
A new approach to studying microbes in the wild will allow scientists to sequence the genomes of individual species from complex mixtures. It marks a big advance for understanding the enormous diversity of microbial communities -- including the human microbiome. The work is described in an article published May 22 in Early Online form in the journal G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics, published by the Genetics Society of America.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department Of Energy

Contact: Raeka Aiyar
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Bacterial adaptation contributes to pneumococcal threat in sickle cell disease patients
Researchers have identified differences in the genetic code of pneumococcal bacteria that may explain why it poses such a risk to children with sickle cell disease and why current vaccines don't provide better protection against the infection. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led the study, which appeared earlier this month in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.
NIH/Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Charles H. Hood Foundation, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Developmental Cell
Male and female sex cell determination requires lifelong maintenance and protection
The way in which the sex of an organism is determined may require lifelong maintenance, finds new research from the University of Minnesota. According to the study published today in the journal Developmental Cell, sex-specific transcription factors perform lifelong work to maintain sexual determination and protect against reprogramming of cells from one sex to the other.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Minnesota Medical Foundation, French Agence Nationale de la Recherche

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Cell Metabolism
Study shows how common obesity gene contributes to weight gain
Researchers have discovered how a gene commonly linked to obesity -- FTO -- contributes to weight gain. The study shows that variations in FTO indirectly affect the function of the primary cilium, a little-understood hair-like appendage on brain and other cells. The findings, made in mice, suggest that it might be possible to modify obesity through interventions that alter the function of the cilium, according to scientists at Columbia University Medical Center.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Signals found that recruit host animals' cells, enabling breast cancer metastasis
Working with mice, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified chemical signals that certain breast cancers use to recruit two types of normal cells needed for the cancers' spread. A description of the findings appears in the online early May edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Temple scientists receive $11.5 million grant for heart failure research
Innovative treatments for heart failure are lacking, leaving the nearly six million Americans who suffer from the condition with little hope for a cure. But thanks to an $11.5-million Program Project Grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, scientists at Temple University School of Medicine are now set to further their investigation of key molecular mechanisms in heart failure, an effort that is expected to lead to the development of new heart therapies.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 22-May-2014
New details on microtubules and how the anti-cancer drug Taxol works
Berkeley Lab researchers have produced images of microtubule assembly and disassembly at the unprecedented resolution of 5 angstroms, providing new insight into the success of the anti-cancer drug Taxol and pointing the way to possible improvements.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 22-May-2014
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
'I can' mentality goes long way after childbirth
The way a woman feels about tackling everyday physical activities, including exercise, may be a predictor of how much weight she'll retain years after childbirth says a Michigan State University professor.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 22-May-2014
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
US obesity epidemic making all segments of the nation fatter, study finds
Many reasons have been blamed for the US obesity epidemic -- fast food, suburban sprawl, the size of prepared meals, poverty, affluence, a lack of exercise and a shortage of access to healthy foods. A new study outlines how the nation's historically cheap food supply may be contributing to the problem.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Cancer Cell
Study: Some pancreatic cancer treatments may be going after the wrong targets
New research represents a significant change in the understanding of how pancreatic cancer grows -- and how it might be defeated.
National Institutes of Health, American Gastroenterological Association/Foundation for Digestive Health and Nutrition

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 22-May-2014
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Review says inexpensive food a key factor in rising obesity
A new review identifies an important factor fueling the obesity epidemic: Americans now have the cheapest food available in history.
National Institutes of Health, RAND

Contact: David Sampson
American Cancer Society

Public Release: 22-May-2014
One molecule to block both pain and itch
Duke University researchers have found an antibody that simultaneously blocks the sensations of pain and itching in studies with mice. The new antibody works by targeting the voltage-sensitive sodium channels in the cell membrane of neurons. The results appear online on May 22 in Cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 22-May-2014
JAMA Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
IU researchers identify pattern of cognitive risks in some children with cochlear implants
Children with profound deafness who receive a cochlear implant had as much as five times the risk of having delays in areas of working memory, controlled attention, planning and conceptual learning as children with normal hearing, according to Indiana University research published May 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Mary Hardin
Indiana University

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3608.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>


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