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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3555.

<< < 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 > >>

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Journal of American Geriatrics Society
Medicare beneficiaries return to emergency rooms after nursing home discharge
Nursing homes are widely used by Medicare beneficiaries who require rehabilitation after hospital stays. But according to a recent study led by a researcher at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing, a high percentage of Medicare patients who are discharged from nursing homes will return to the hospital or the emergency room within 30 days.
John A. Hartford Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Nursing Research

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Clemson researchers develop sticky nanoparticles to fight heart disease
Clemson University researchers have developed nanoparticles that can deliver drugs targeting damaged arteries, a non-invasive method to fight heart disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Naren Vyavahare
narenv@clemson.edu
864-656-5558
Clemson University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Cancer treatment, artery repair are goals of $3 million in NIH grants
The National Institutes of Health has awarded grants totaling $3 million for two nanoparticle research projects in which Penn State bioengineer Jian Yang is co-principal investigator. Drawing upon biology and materials science, the researchers will develop new polymers designed to deliver targeted cancer drugs and repair damaged arteries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
eGEMs
New technology from CWRU links patient records between hospitals, medical flight crews
Although trauma, heart and stroke patients benefit from being transferred from a local hospital to a higher-level care facility, it's unclear why patients transferred with non-urgent medical conditions show at least a 30 percent higher death rate than had they stayed put, according to researchers from Case Western Reserve University's nursing school.
NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Science

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Applied Nursing Research
Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds
Many mothers with children on life-sustaining medical devices, such as ventilators and breathing or feeding tubes, suffer physical and psychological distress from the stress of juggling treatments, appointments, therapies and daily family pressures.
NIH/National Institute of Health's Clinical and Translational Collaborative at Case Western Reserve

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Single chip device to provide real-time 3-D images from inside the heart, blood vessels
Researchers have developed the technology for a catheter-based device that would provide forward-looking, real-time, three-dimensional imaging from inside the heart, coronary arteries and peripheral blood vessels.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Preventive Medicine
Obese patients who feel judged by doctors are less likely to shed pounds, study shows
Overweight and obese people who feel their physicians are judgmental of their size are more likely to try to shed pounds but are less likely to succeed, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Addiction Biology
Study uncovers surprising differences in brain activity of alcohol-dependent women
An Indiana University study that examines the brain activity of alcohol-dependent women compared to women who were not addicted found stark and surprising differences. 'We see that the network dynamics of alcohol-dependent women may be really different from that of healthy controls in a drinking-related task,' said researcher Lindsay Arcurio. 'We have evidence to suggest alcohol-dependent women have trouble switching between networks of the brain.'
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
rosdeitc@indiana.edu
812-855-4507
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
JAMA
JAMA study shows medication to treat agitation for Alzheimer's disease shows mixed results
The results of a JAMA study offer a glimmer of hope to families caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at the University of Rochester, Johns Hopkins University, and six other academic medical centers found that a high dose of a common antidepressant significantly reduced agitation in patients. However, given potentially concerning side effects of citalopram, researchers say further investigation is needed to determine whether a smaller dose will be as effective.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Julie Philipp
julie_philipp@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-1309
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
British Medical Journal
New anti-smoking policies in China could save nearly 13 million lives in next 40 years
Almost 13 million lives could be saved by 2050 in China if the country implements comprehensive tobacco control recommendations set forth by the World Health Organization.
National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center, European Commission, Bloomberg Philanthropy Program

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
JAMA
Antidepressant holds promise in treating Alzheimer's agitation
The antidepressant drug citalopram, sold under the brand names Celexa and Cipramil and also available as a generic medication, significantly relieved agitation in a group of patients with Alzheimer's disease. In lower doses than those tested, the drug might be safer than antipsychotic drugs currently used to treat the condition, according to results of a clinical trial led by Johns Hopkins researchers that included seven other academic medical centers in the United States and Canada.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Dartmouth-UConn study shows coastal water, not sediment, predicts mercury contamination
A Dartmouth-University of Connecticut study of the northeast United States shows that methylmercury concentrations in estuary waters -- not in sediment as commonly thought -- are the best way to predict mercury contamination in the marine food chain.
NIH/National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 17-Feb-2014
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Experimental drug could enhance multiple myeloma and myeloid leukemia therapies
A pre-clinical study led by Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center and Department of Internal Medicine researchers suggests that an experimental drug known as dinaciclib could improve the effectiveness of certain multiple myeloma and myeloid leukemia therapies. The study, recently published in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, showed that dinaciclib disrupted a cell survival mechanism known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). Without the UPR, multiple myeloma and myeloid leukemia cells were unable to combat damage caused by some anti-cancer agents.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Wallace
wallacej@vcu.edu
804-628-1550
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Sweet taste receptors act as sentinels in defense against upper airway bacterial infections
A new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania reveals the functional role of sweet taste receptors in the human airway.
National Institutes of Health, Flight Attendants Medical Research Institute

Contact: Jessica Mikulski
jessica.mikulski@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-8369
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Feb-2014
Oncogene
New finding points to potential options for attacking stem cells in triple-negative breast cancer
New research finds that a protein that fuels an inflammatory pathway does not turn off in breast cancer, resulting in an increase in cancer stem cells. This provides a potential target for treating triple negative breast cancer, the most aggressive form of the disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
Nature Medicine
CU-Boulder stem cell research may point to new ways of mitigating muscle loss
New findings on why skeletal muscle stem cells stop dividing and renewing muscle mass during aging points up a unique therapeutic opportunity for managing muscle-wasting conditions in humans, says a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Bradley Olwin
bradley.olwin@colorado.edu
303-492-6816
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
Nature Materials
Researchers hijack cancer migration mechanism to 'move' brain tumors
One factor that makes glioblastoma cancers so difficult to treat is that malignant cells from the tumors spread throughout the brain by following nerve fibers and blood vessels to invade new locations. Now, researchers have learned to hijack this migratory mechanism, turning it against the cancer by using a film of nanofibers thinner than human hair to lure tumor cells away.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Scientists chip away at the mystery of what lives in our mouths
Scientists have pieced together sections of DNA from 12 individual cells to sequence the genome of a bacterium known to live in healthy human mouths. With this new data about a part of the body considered "biological dark matter," the researchers were able to reinforce a theory that genes in a closely related bacterium could be culprits in its ability to cause severe gum disease.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Clifford Beall
Beall.3@osu.edu
614-292-9306
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Appetite
Child obesity: Cues and don'ts
Attention modification programs, which train a person to ignore or disregard specific, problematic cues or triggers, have been used effectively to treat cases of anxiety and substance abuse. In a novel study published this week in the journal Appetite, Kerri Boutelle, Ph.D., professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and colleagues report using a single session of attention modification to decrease overeating in obese children.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Social Science and Medicine
LGB individuals living in anti-gay communities die early
In the first study to look at the consequences of anti-gay prejudice for mortality, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals who lived in communities with high levels of anti-gay prejudice have a shorter life expectancy of 12 years on average compared with their peers in the least prejudiced communities.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
International Union of Crystallography Journal
Superbright and fast X-rays image single layer of proteins
In biology, a protein's shape is key to understanding how it causes disease or toxicity. Researchers who use X-rays to takes snapshots of proteins need a billion copies of the same protein stacked and packed into a neat crystal. Now, scientists using exceptionally bright and fast X-rays can take a picture that rivals conventional methods with a sheet of proteins just one protein molecule thick.
Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Beckman
mary.beckman@pnnl.gov
509-375-3688
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Penn study: Topiramate reduces heavy drinking in patients seeking to cut down on alcohol consumption
Researchers at Penn Medicine have shown that the anticonvulsant medication, topiramate, previously shown to reduce drinking in patients committed to abstinence from alcohol, can also be helpful in treating problem drinkers whose aim is to curb their alcohol consumption -- particularly among a specific group of patients whose genetic makeup appears to be linked to the efficacy of the therapy. Their findings are published in the current issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US Deptartment of Veteran's Affairs

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
267-240-2448
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Lancet Neurology
Growing number of chemicals linked with brain disorders in children
Toxic chemicals may be triggering the recent increases in neurodevelopmental disabilities among children -- such as autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and dyslexia.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Todd Datz
tdatz@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8413
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers discover pathway of protein that helps cancer cells survive
A team of researchers from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine has discovered how the cancer-related protein Bcl-2 signals cancer cells to live longer. The breakthrough emerged when the scientists discovered that Bcl-2 alters the level of calcium ions in lymphoma and leukemia cells that are resistant to cancer treatments.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christine A. Somosi
christine.somosi@case.edu
216-368-6287
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
Scripps Florida team awarded $2.3 million to unlock mysteries of long-term memory
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded approximately $2.3 million from the National Institute of Mental Health to study the processes involved in long-term memory and how deficits in those processes contribute to brain diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Showing releases 3076-3100 out of 3555.

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