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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3101-3125 out of 3542.

<< < 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 > >>

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
PLOS ONE
How vision captures sound now somewhat uncertain
Contrary to previous research, Duke University researchers have found that neurons in a particular brain region respond differently, not similarly, based on whether the stimuli is visual or auditory. The finding, which posted Jan. 15 in the journal PLOS ONE, provides insight into how vision captures the location of perceived sound.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Hartsoe
steve.hartsoe@duke.edu
919-681-4515
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Immunity
Findings bolster fiber's role in colon health
Scientists have more reasons for you to eat fiber and not abuse antibiotics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Immunity
Immune cells may heal an injured heart
The immune system plays an important role in the heart's response to injury. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that two major pools of immune cells are at work in the heart. Both belong to a class of cells known as macrophages. One appears to promote healing, while the other likely drives inflammation, which is detrimental to long-term heart function.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
In the blink of an eye
MIT neuroscientists find the brain can identify images seen for as little as 13 milliseconds.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Cell Reports
Scientists discover 2 proteins that control chandelier cell architecture
Chandelier cells are neurons that use their unique shape to act like master circuit breakers in the brain. These cells have branching projections that allow one chandelier cell to block the output of hundreds of other neurons. Defects in their function have been linked to epilepsy and schizophrenia. In work published today in Cell Reports, CSHL scientists identify two proteins that control the structure of chandelier cells, offering insight into how the cells are regulated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
jjansen@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Medicaid expansion improves health care services for prison population
National study finds that prison systems are increasingly aiding prisoners' enrollment in Medicaid, both during incarceration and in preparation of release.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Gail Leach Carvelli
gcarvelli@lifespan.org
401-444-7299
Lifespan

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Cell
Study identifies drug that could improve treatment of PTSD
New study identifies drug that could improve treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Cell
Unraveling misfolded molecules using 'reprogrammed' yeast protein
At the heart of brain diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease is protein misfolding, in which distorted proteins are unable to perform their normal functions. At present, there is no known way to reverse protein misfolding. Researchers have found a possible way to unravel misfolded proteins by reprogramming a common yeast protein.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Targeting a cell cycle inhibitor promotes beta cell replication
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Klaus Kaestner and colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrate that silencing the gene encoding p57Kip2 in isolated adult human islets promotes beta cell replication and that these new cells exhibit many properties associated with beta cells.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Neuron
Assessing others: Evaluating the expertise of humans and computer algorithms
Caltech researchers used fMRI technology to monitor the brain activity of volunteers as they interacted with "experts"--some human, others computer algorithms--to predict the behavior of a hypothetical financial asset. Volunteers responded more positively to human rather than computer "experts."
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Betty and Gordon Moore Foundation, Lipper Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Caltech Media Relations
mr@caltech.edu
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics
Phase II trial of Bevacizumab (Avastin) in locally advanced cervical cancer 'promising'
Addition of Bevacizumab to the existing standard of care was safe and showed promising overall results. The two- and three- year overall survival rates were 89.8 percent and 80.2 percent, respectively.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
garth.sundem@ucdenver.edu
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Genes & Development
Next-gen reappraisal of interactions within a cancer-associated protein complex
At a glance, DNA is a rather simple sequence of A, G, C, T bases, but once it is packaged by histone proteins into an amalgam called chromatin, a more complex picture emerges. Histones, which come in four subtypes -- H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 -- can either coil DNA into inaccessible silent regions or untwist it to allow gene expression. To further complicate things, small chemical flags, such as methyl groups, affect whether histones silence or activate genes.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Pew Charitable Trusts, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
gxk@stowers.org
816-806-1036
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
New analysis shows fewer years of life lost to cancer
A new statistical approach to measuring the cancer burden in the United States reveals decades of progress in fighting cancer, progress previously masked by the falling death rates of other diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Dubuc
donna.M.Dubuc@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-3615
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers discover that coevolution between humans and bacteria reduces gastric cancer risk
Dartmouth professor of Genetics Scott Williams, Ph.D., studied two Colombian villages and discovered that the risk of gastric cancer (caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria) depends on both the ancestry of the person and the ancestry of the microbe they carry. All villagers had similar rates of H. pylori infection, but gastric cancer occurred 25 times more often in the mountain village; coevoluton between humans and bacteria had reduced gastric cancer rates in the coastal villagers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Derik Hertel
derik.hertel@dartmouth.edu
603-650-1211
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fast food not the major cause of rising childhood obesity rates
For several years, many have been quick to attribute rising fast-food consumption as the major factor causing rapid increases in childhood obesity. Now researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill report that fast-food consumption is simply a byproduct of a much bigger problem: poor all-day-long dietary habits that originate in children's homes.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institutes of Health, CPC

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
PLOS ONE
Research advancements made in diabetes-induced blindness
Investigators at the Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute have identified new molecular abnormalities in the diabetic cornea that could contribute to eye problems in affected patients. With this new knowledge, investigators aim to accelerate the process of healing and repair in damaged corneas to ultimately reverse the effects of diabetes-induced eye complications.
National Institutes of Health, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
cara.martinez@cshs.org
310-423-7798
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Low national funding for LGBT health research contributes to inequities, analysis finds
Only one-half of 1 percent of studies funded by the National Institutes of Health between 1989 and 2011 concerned the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, contributing to the perpetuation of health inequities, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health-led analysis.
Summer Institute in LGBT Population Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Biomacromolecules
UD-developed smart gels deliver medicine on demand
Researchers at the University of Delaware have developed a "smart" hydrogel that can deliver medicine on demand, in response to mechanical force. Over the past few decades, smart hydrogels have been created that respond to pH, temperature, DNA, light and other stimuli.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, State of Delaware

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippet
aboyle@udel.edu
302-831-1421
University of Delaware

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
'Barcode' profiling enables analysis of hundreds of tumor marker proteins at once
A new technology developed at the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Systems Biology allows simultaneous analysis of hundreds of cancer-related protein markers from miniscule patient samples gathered through minimally invasive methods.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
kmarquedant@partners.org
617-726-0337
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Nature
Speech means using both sides of our brain, NYU and NYU Langone researchers find
We use both sides of our brain for speech, a finding by researchers at New York University and NYU Langone Medical Center that alters previous conceptions about neurological activity. The results also offer insights into addressing speech-related inhibitions caused by stroke or injury and lay the groundwork for better rehabilitation methods.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NYSTAR, Sloan Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
No evidence of survival advantage for type 2 diabetes patients who are overweight or obese
Being overweight or obese does not lead to improved survival among patients with type 2 diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Todd Datz
tdatz@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8413
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Environmental Health Perspectives
Exposures to some phthalates fall after federal ban
Americans are being exposed to significantly lower levels of some phthalates that were banned from children's articles in 2008, but exposures to other forms of these chemicals are rising steeply, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Pew Charitable Trusts, Passport Science Innovation Fund, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Heart attack damage slashed with microparticle therapy
After a heart attack, much of the damage to the heart muscle is caused by inflammatory cells that rush to the scene. But that damage is slashed in half when microparticles are injected into the bloodstream within 24 hours of the attack, reports new research. The heart lesion was reduced by 50 percent and the heart could pump significantly more blood as a result of the microparticles. The new therapy has the potential to transform the way heart attacks are treated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Does high uric acid predispose diabetic patients to kidney disease?
A study newly awarded by the National Institutes of Health will look at whether lowering uric acid levels can prevent people with type 1 diabetes from needing hemodialysis or kidney transplant.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jackie Brinkman
jackie.brinkman@ucdenver.edu
303-724-1525
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breast cancer cells disguise themselves as neurons to cause brain tumors
Too often, breast cancer cells are discovered growing as new tumors within the brain. Now City of Hope researchers have found how this happens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole White
nwhite@coh.org
626-471-7298
City of Hope

Showing releases 3101-3125 out of 3542.

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