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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3126-3150 out of 3449.

<< < 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 > >>

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New insights into DNA repair process may spur better cancer therapies
By detailing a process required for repairing DNA breakage, scientists at the Duke Cancer Institute have gained a better understanding of how cells deal with the barrage of damage that can contribute to cancer and other diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Dartmouth researchers receive $5.9 million grant from NIH for lung research
The NIH has awarded a $5.9 million grant to support an Institutional Development Award Lung Biology Center of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth. For the past 10 years, COBRE funding has supported the Center's work, which has contributed not only to our understanding of cystic fibrosis and to the development of patented and patent-pending therapeutic approaches for treating the disease, but to other chronic lung diseases.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Derik Hertel
kenneth.d.hertel@dartmouth.edu
603-650-1211
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Nature Cell Biology
When cells 'eat' their own power plants; Pitt scientists solve mystery of cellular process
A team of University of Pittsburgh scientists reports in the Oct. 1 issue of Nature Cell Biology that they have solved the mystery of a basic biological function essential to cellular health. By discovering a mechanism by which mitochondria signal that they need to be eliminated, the Pitt team has opened the door to potential research into cures for disorders such as Parkinson's disease that are believed to be caused by dysfunctional mitochondria in neurons.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
UCI achieves rare trifecta: 3 scientists receive New Innovator Awards
UC Irvine scientists Aaron Esser-Kahn, Sunil Gandhi and Ali Mortazavi have been named recipients of the prestigious 2013 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Awards.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cathy Lawhon
clawhon@uci.edu
949-824-1151
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens
In the first study of its kind, Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some plant pathogens use to coordinate their attacks. The new study, published online this month in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, is the first to examine how biochar affects the chemical signaling that's routinely used by soil microorganisms that interact with plants.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Hamill Foundation, Welch Foundation, Taiwan Ministry of Education

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
NIH awards Wang highly competitive Transformative Research Award
Lihong Wang, Ph.D., of Washington University in St. Louis, has received a 2013 Transformative Research Award from the National Institutes of Health. He was one of only 10 recipients of the award, given to scientists proposing highly innovative approaches to major contemporary challenges in biomedical research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Neil Schoenherr
nschoenherr@wustl.edu
314-935-5235
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Nature Communications
Researchers ferret out function of autism gene
Researchers say it's clear that some cases of autism are hereditary, but have struggled to draw direct links between the condition and particular genes. Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that mutations in one autism-linked gene, dubbed NHE9, which is involved in transporting substances in and out of structures within the cell, causes communication problems among brain cells that likely contribute to autism.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, American Heart Association, American Physiological Society, Israeli Centers of Research Excellence Program

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
JAMA Pediatrics
Baby bed-sharing on the rise, but healthcare providers can help reverse trend
The number of infants sharing a bed with their caregivers increased between 1993 and 2010, especially among black and Hispanic families, but this unhealthy trend could be reversed with education from healthcare providers, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers. Their findings are published in the Sept. 30 issue of JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
With increased age comes decreased risk-taking in decision-making
When faced with uncertain situations, people are less able to make decisions as they age, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine. Published in the Sept. 30 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study also found that older people are more risk-averse than their midlife counterparts when choosing between possible gains, but more risk-seeking when choosing between losses.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
JAMA Internal Medicine
Less blood clot risk is linked to estradiol than to Premarin pills
Women can choose among several types of estrogen pills, which are equally effective at relieving menopausal symptoms. But in a joint University of Washington–Group Health study in JAMA Internal Medicine, use of estradiol was associated with less risk of developing blood clots in leg veins (deep vein thrombosis) and clots in the lungs (pulmonary emboli) than was use of conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin).
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
When ICUs get busy, doctors triage patients more efficiently, Penn study finds
A new study by Penn Medicine researchers published Oct. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that busy intensive care units (ICUs) discharge patients more quickly than they otherwise would and do so without adversely affecting patient outcomes -- suggesting that low-value extensions of ICU stays are minimized during times of increased ICU capacity strain.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Steve Graff
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Finding the place where the brain creates illusory shapes and surfaces
Neuroscientists have identified the location in the brain's visual cortex responsible for generating a common perceptual illusion: Seeing shapes and surfaces that don't really exist when viewing a fragmented background.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Eye Institute, National Science Foundation, Whitehall Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Virginia Tech engineer receives NIH New Innovator Award to study flu virus
Linsey Marr, a Virginia Tech civil and environmental engineering faculty member, is receiving a National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award valued at $2.28 million over five years, in support of her research on influenza transmission by bioaerosols.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Pediatrics
Psychotropic medication use, including stimulants, in young children leveling off
The use of psychotropic prescription medications to treat ADHD, mood disorders, anxiety and other mental health disorders in very young children appears to have leveled off.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Feuer
jim.feuer@cchmc.org
513-636-4656
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Sep-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
Medicare plans understate risky prescribing rates
An analysis of a quality measure that Medicare Advantage plans self-report to the government finds that the insurers almost always err in their own favor. More elderly receive high-risk medications than the plans acknowledge, according to the study published Sept. 30 in Annals of Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Health Assessment Lab

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Researchers uncover 48 new genetic variants associated with multiple sclerosis
Scientists of the International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium have identified an additional 48 genetic variants influencing the risk of developing multiple sclerosis. This work nearly doubles the number of known genetic risk factors and thereby provides additional key insights into the biology of this debilitating neurological condition. The study is the largest investigation of multiple sclerosis genetics to date.
National Institutes of Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Lisa Worley
lworley2@med.miami.edu
305-458-9654
University of Miami

Public Release: 29-Sep-2013
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Scripps Research Institute study finds new moves in protein's evolution
Highlighting an important but unexplored area of evolution, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that, over hundreds of millions of years, an essential protein has evolved chiefly by changing how it moves, rather than by changing its basic molecular structure. The work has implications not only for the understanding of protein evolution, but also for the design of antibiotics and other drugs that target the protein in question.
National Institutes of Health, TSRI/Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Grant to Rice, UTHealth will push regenerative medicine
Bioengineers at Rice University and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston will continue their work on craniofacial construction techniques as part of a new Department of Defense grant.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Menopause
Yoga in menopause may help insomnia -- but not hot flashes
Taking a 12-week yoga class and practicing at home was linked to less insomnia -- but not to fewer or less bothersome hot flashes or night sweats. The link between yoga and better sleep was the only statistically significant finding in this MsFLASH Network randomized controlled trial.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
hughes.r@ghc.org
206-287-2055
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Oncogenic signatures mapped in TCGA a guide for the development of personalized therapy
Clinical trial design for new cancer therapies has historically been focused on the tissue of origin of a tumor, but a paper from researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center published in Nature Genetics supports a new approach: one based on the genomic signature of a tumor rather than the tissue of origin in the body.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Caitlin Hool
hoolc@mskcc.org
212-639-3573
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Diabetes
Joslin identifies immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes
Joslin researchers have identified immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Turkish Diabetes, Obesity and Nutrition Association

Contact: Jeffrey Bright
jeff.bright@joslin.harvard.edu
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
New survey of DNA alterations could aid search for cancer genes
Scanning the DNA of nearly 5,000 tumor samples, a team led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute has identified 140 regions of scrambled genetic code believed to contain many undiscovered cancer genes. Mapping of the abnormal regions gives cancer scientists a starting point from which to search for as-yet undiscovered oncogenes and broken tumor-suppressor genes.
National Institutes of Health, V Foundation, Pediatric Low-Grade Astrocytoma Foundation

Contact: Bill Schaller
william_schaller@dfci.havard.edu
617-632-5357
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Addiction Biology
IU research attributes high rates of smoking among mentally ill to addiction vulnerability
People with mental illness smoke at much higher rates than the overall population. But the popular belief that they are self-medicating is most likely wrong, according to researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine. Instead, they report, research indicates that psychiatric disease makes the brain more susceptible to addiction.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Schoch
eschoch@iu.edu
317-274-8205
Indiana University

Public Release: 27-Sep-2013
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
New breast cancer imaging technique could cut down on false positives
A joint BYU-Utah research team is developing a new breast cancer screening technique that has the potential to reduce false positives, and, possibly, minimize the need for invasive biopsies. The group has created an MRI device that could improve both the process and accuracy of breast cancer screening by scanning for sodium levels in the breast.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Duke Medicine selected as new site for competitive vaccine and treatment research program
Duke Medicine has been named a Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Unit by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to evaluate vaccines, treatments and diagnostics to protect people from infectious diseases, including emerging public health needs.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Showing releases 3126-3150 out of 3449.

<< < 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 > >>

     
   

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