NIH Director Page NIH Health Information Page NIH Impact NIH Fact Sheets NIH Social Media and Outreach
EurekAlert! - National Institutes of Health  



NIH Main


NIH Research News


Funded News

  For News & Research
  NIH Videos
  eColumn: NIH Research Matters
  NIH News in Health
  NIH Fact Sheets
  Additional Resources
  NIH Home Page

About NIH

  NIH Health Information
  Pub Med
  More News and Events Sources
  NIH News and Events, Special Interest
  RSS Feed RSS Feed
  Back to EurekAlert!


Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3531.

<< < 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 > >>

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Cell Reports
Scientists discover 2 proteins that control chandelier cell architecture
Chandelier cells are neurons that use their unique shape to act like master circuit breakers in the brain. These cells have branching projections that allow one chandelier cell to block the output of hundreds of other neurons. Defects in their function have been linked to epilepsy and schizophrenia. In work published today in Cell Reports, CSHL scientists identify two proteins that control the structure of chandelier cells, offering insight into how the cells are regulated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Medicaid expansion improves health care services for prison population
National study finds that prison systems are increasingly aiding prisoners' enrollment in Medicaid, both during incarceration and in preparation of release.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Gail Leach Carvelli

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Study identifies drug that could improve treatment of PTSD
New study identifies drug that could improve treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Unraveling misfolded molecules using 'reprogrammed' yeast protein
At the heart of brain diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease is protein misfolding, in which distorted proteins are unable to perform their normal functions. At present, there is no known way to reverse protein misfolding. Researchers have found a possible way to unravel misfolded proteins by reprogramming a common yeast protein.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Targeting a cell cycle inhibitor promotes beta cell replication
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Klaus Kaestner and colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrate that silencing the gene encoding p57Kip2 in isolated adult human islets promotes beta cell replication and that these new cells exhibit many properties associated with beta cells.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Assessing others: Evaluating the expertise of humans and computer algorithms
Caltech researchers used fMRI technology to monitor the brain activity of volunteers as they interacted with "experts"--some human, others computer algorithms--to predict the behavior of a hypothetical financial asset. Volunteers responded more positively to human rather than computer "experts."
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Betty and Gordon Moore Foundation, Lipper Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Caltech Media Relations
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics
Phase II trial of Bevacizumab (Avastin) in locally advanced cervical cancer 'promising'
Addition of Bevacizumab to the existing standard of care was safe and showed promising overall results. The two- and three- year overall survival rates were 89.8 percent and 80.2 percent, respectively.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Genes & Development
Next-gen reappraisal of interactions within a cancer-associated protein complex
At a glance, DNA is a rather simple sequence of A, G, C, T bases, but once it is packaged by histone proteins into an amalgam called chromatin, a more complex picture emerges. Histones, which come in four subtypes -- H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 -- can either coil DNA into inaccessible silent regions or untwist it to allow gene expression. To further complicate things, small chemical flags, such as methyl groups, affect whether histones silence or activate genes.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Pew Charitable Trusts, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
New analysis shows fewer years of life lost to cancer
A new statistical approach to measuring the cancer burden in the United States reveals decades of progress in fighting cancer, progress previously masked by the falling death rates of other diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers discover that coevolution between humans and bacteria reduces gastric cancer risk
Dartmouth professor of Genetics Scott Williams, Ph.D., studied two Colombian villages and discovered that the risk of gastric cancer (caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria) depends on both the ancestry of the person and the ancestry of the microbe they carry. All villagers had similar rates of H. pylori infection, but gastric cancer occurred 25 times more often in the mountain village; coevoluton between humans and bacteria had reduced gastric cancer rates in the coastal villagers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Derik Hertel
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fast food not the major cause of rising childhood obesity rates
For several years, many have been quick to attribute rising fast-food consumption as the major factor causing rapid increases in childhood obesity. Now researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill report that fast-food consumption is simply a byproduct of a much bigger problem: poor all-day-long dietary habits that originate in children's homes.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institutes of Health, CPC

Contact: Thania Benios
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Research advancements made in diabetes-induced blindness
Investigators at the Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute have identified new molecular abnormalities in the diabetic cornea that could contribute to eye problems in affected patients. With this new knowledge, investigators aim to accelerate the process of healing and repair in damaged corneas to ultimately reverse the effects of diabetes-induced eye complications.
National Institutes of Health, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Low national funding for LGBT health research contributes to inequities, analysis finds
Only one-half of 1 percent of studies funded by the National Institutes of Health between 1989 and 2011 concerned the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, contributing to the perpetuation of health inequities, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health-led analysis.
Summer Institute in LGBT Population Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
UD-developed smart gels deliver medicine on demand
Researchers at the University of Delaware have developed a "smart" hydrogel that can deliver medicine on demand, in response to mechanical force. Over the past few decades, smart hydrogels have been created that respond to pH, temperature, DNA, light and other stimuli.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, State of Delaware

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippet
University of Delaware

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
'Barcode' profiling enables analysis of hundreds of tumor marker proteins at once
A new technology developed at the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Systems Biology allows simultaneous analysis of hundreds of cancer-related protein markers from miniscule patient samples gathered through minimally invasive methods.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Speech means using both sides of our brain, NYU and NYU Langone researchers find
We use both sides of our brain for speech, a finding by researchers at New York University and NYU Langone Medical Center that alters previous conceptions about neurological activity. The results also offer insights into addressing speech-related inhibitions caused by stroke or injury and lay the groundwork for better rehabilitation methods.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NYSTAR, Sloan Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
No evidence of survival advantage for type 2 diabetes patients who are overweight or obese
Being overweight or obese does not lead to improved survival among patients with type 2 diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Environmental Health Perspectives
Exposures to some phthalates fall after federal ban
Americans are being exposed to significantly lower levels of some phthalates that were banned from children's articles in 2008, but exposures to other forms of these chemicals are rising steeply, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Pew Charitable Trusts, Passport Science Innovation Fund, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 15-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Heart attack damage slashed with microparticle therapy
After a heart attack, much of the damage to the heart muscle is caused by inflammatory cells that rush to the scene. But that damage is slashed in half when microparticles are injected into the bloodstream within 24 hours of the attack, reports new research. The heart lesion was reduced by 50 percent and the heart could pump significantly more blood as a result of the microparticles. The new therapy has the potential to transform the way heart attacks are treated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Does high uric acid predispose diabetic patients to kidney disease?
A study newly awarded by the National Institutes of Health will look at whether lowering uric acid levels can prevent people with type 1 diabetes from needing hemodialysis or kidney transplant.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jackie Brinkman
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breast cancer cells disguise themselves as neurons to cause brain tumors
Too often, breast cancer cells are discovered growing as new tumors within the brain. Now City of Hope researchers have found how this happens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole White
City of Hope

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Bacterial 'syringe' necessary for marine animal development
Bacterial biofilms serve a vital purpose, flagging suitable homes for some marine organisms and actually aiding the transformation of larvae to adults. A new study at the California Institute of Technology is the first to describe a mechanism for this phenomenon, providing one explanation for the relationship between bacterial biofilms and the metamorphosis of marine invertebrates. This information could provide key insights for the prevention of biofouling organism growth on the hulls of ships.
Office of Naval Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Genes & Development
Scientists show how insulin-producing cells may fail in diabetes, how they might someday be restored
Two new studies led by UC San Francisco scientists shed new light on the nature of beta cells, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas that are compromised in diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Peter Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Research shows early promise of new drug for cancers caused by viruses
Christopher Parsons, M.D., Director of the HIV Malignancies Program at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, is the senior author of a paper that is the first to report that specialized fat (lipid) molecules, called sphingolipids, play a key role in the survival of aggressive lymphomas caused by viruses. The paper also reveals a new therapy for preventing production of sphingolipids by lymphoma cells, thereby killing these cells, which are often resistant to standard therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, National Natural Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Brain structure shows who is most sensitive to pain
Everybody feels pain differently, and brain structure may hold the clue to these differences. In a study published in the current online issue of the journal Pain, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have shown that the brain's structure is related to how intensely people perceive pain.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3531.

<< < 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 > >>


Copyright ©2014 by AAAS, the science society.