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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3753.

<< < 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 > >>

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Medical Anthropology Quarterly
CWRU researcher finds training officers about mental illness benefits prison's safety
Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness. What he found, through 430 hours of prison observations and interviews, is that inmates were treated humanely and security was better managed when cell block officers were trained to identify symptoms of mental illness and how to respond to them.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Cell membranes self-assemble
A self-driven reaction can assemble phospholipid membranes like those that enclose cells. The new process is specific and non-toxic, and can be used in the presence of biomolecules one might want to study within artificial cells. The technique could also be used to assemble packets for drug delivery.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, NIH/ational Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Diabetes patients report better outcomes with improved physician accessibility
A new model of delivering primary care studied by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California researchers has the potential to improve the health of patients with type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Alison Trinidad
alison.trinidad@med.usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First atlas of body clock gene expression informs timing of drug delivery
A new effort mapping 24-hr patterns of expression for thousands of genes in 12 different mouse organs -- five years in the making -- provides important clues about how the role of timing may influence the way drugs work in the body. This study, detailing this veritable 'atlas' of gene oscillations, has never before been described in mammals.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
How cells know which way to go
Amoebas aren't the only cells that crawl: Movement is crucial to development, wound healing and immune response in animals, not to mention cancer metastasis. In two new studies from Johns Hopkins, researchers answer long-standing questions about how complex cells sense the chemical trails that show them where to go -- and the role of cells' internal 'skeleton' in responding to those cues.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
2014 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
New drug delivered through a skin patch shows promise in healing diabetic foot ulcers
A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif., has developed a drug delivered through a skin patch that not only helps foot wounds heal better, but also prevents those wounds from recurring, according to study results they presented this week at the American College of Surgeons Annual Clinical Congress.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Harrington Discovery Institute

Contact: Sally Garneski
pressinquiry@facs.org
312-202-5409
American College of Surgeons

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Cleveland Clinic research shows gut bacteria byproduct impacts heart failure
A chemical byproduct of intestinal bacteria-dependent digestion, trimethylamine N-oxide -- already proven to contribute to heart disease and to be an accurate tool for predicting future heart attacks, stroke and death -- has for the first time been linked to heart failure and worse long-term prognosis for those patients, according to Cleveland Clinic research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Ambro
ambrol@ccf.org
216-636-5876
Cleveland Clinic

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Viral switches share a shape
A hinge in the RNA genome of the virus that causes hepatitis C works like a switch that can be flipped to prevent it from replicating in infected cells. Scientists have discovered that this shape is shared by several other viruses -- among them one that kills cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
How Staph infections elude the immune system
By tricking the immune system into generating antibodies specific for only one bacterial protein, Staphylococcus aureus dodges the production of antibodies that might otherwise protect against infection. The data suggest that future vaccine approaches must be designed to side-step this bacterial subterfuge.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Gwen Knapp Center for Lupus and Immunology Research

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Group classes teach parents effective autism therapy, Stanford/Packard study finds
Parents can learn to use a scientifically validated autism therapy with their own children by taking a short series of group classes, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford has found.
Autism Speaks, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Erin Digitale
digitale@stanford.edu
650-724-9175
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
UCI scientists identify lesion-healing mechanism in psoriasis
A UC Irvine-led study has revealed the underlying genetic factors that help repair skin lesions caused by psoriasis, which could engender new methods of controlling the lingering condition.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature
Team discovers how microbes build a powerful antibiotic
Researchers report in the journal Nature that they have made a breakthrough in understanding how a powerful antibiotic agent is made in nature. Their discovery solves a decades-old mystery, and opens up new avenues of research into thousands of similar molecules, many of which are likely to be medically useful.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences at the National Institutes of Health, Ford Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature
Activity in dendrites is critical in memory formation
Northwestern University researchers have discovered how neurons in the brain might allow some experiences to be remembered while others are forgotten. Using a unique microscope, they peered into the brain of a living animal navigating a virtual reality maze. Images of individual neurons called place cells showed that, surprisingly, the activity of the cell body and its dendrites can be different. A lasting memory of an experience was not formed by neurons when cell bodies were activated but dendrites were not.
Klingenstein Foundation, Whitehall Foundation, Chicago Biomedical Consortium, Northwestern University, National Institutes of Health, Life Sciences Research Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Genetics
Unsuspected gene found frequently mutated in colorectal, endometrial cancers
Scientists say they have identified in about 20 percent of colorectal and endometrial cancers a genetic mutation that had been overlooked in recent large, comprehensive gene searches. With this discovery, the altered gene, called RNF43, now ranks as one of the most common mutations in the two cancer types.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Doerr
anne_doerr@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-4090
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Methods
Real-time readout of neurochemical activity
Scientists have created cells with fluorescent dyes that change color in response to specific neurochemicals. By implanting these cells into living mammalian brains, they have shown how neurochemical signaling changes as a food reward drives learning.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Hoffman-La Roche

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Dietary flavanols reverse age-related memory decline
Dietary cocoa flavanols -- naturally occurring bioactives found in cocoa -- reversed age-related memory decline in healthy older adults, according to a study led by Columbia University Medical Center scientists.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation, McKnight Brain Research Foundation, Mars Inc.

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
ket2116@columbia.edu
212-342-0508
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Genetics in Medicine
Clues to genetics of congenital heart defects emerge from Down syndrome study
The largest genetic study of congenital heart defects in individuals with Down syndrome found a connection to rare, large genetic deletions affecting cilia.
NIH/Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New compounds reduce debilitating inflammation
Six Case Western Reserve scientists are part of an international team that has discovered two compounds that show promise in decreasing inflammation associated with diseases such as ulcerative colitis, arthritis and multiple sclerosis. The compounds, dubbed OD36 and OD38, appear to curtail inflammation-triggering signals from RIPK2. RIPK2 is an enzyme that activates high-energy molecules to prompt the immune system to respond with inflammation. The findings of this research appear in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Burroughs Wellcome Career Award

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Genes & Development
A new dent in HIV-1's armor
Salk scientists identify a promising target for HIV/AIDS treatment.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Blasker-Rose-Miah Fund Margaret T. Morris Foundation

Contact: Salk Communications
press@salk.edu
Salk Institute

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Butler researcher aims to broaden understanding of gamma knife radiosurgery for OCD
Supported by a $750,000 K23 Career Development Award from the National Institutes of Health, Butler Hospital neuropsychologist Nicole McLaughlin, Ph.D., is conducting a first-of-its-kind study of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder undergoing gamma knife radiosurgery. Though this procedure has been used to treat OCD for decades, the mechanisms of action remain virtually unstudied.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Holly Brown-Ayers
hbrownayers@carene.org
401-455-6501
Care New England

Public Release: 24-Oct-2014
Stem Cells
Scientists engineer toxin-secreting stem cells to treat brain tumors
Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital have devised a new way to use stem cells in the fight against brain cancer. A team led by neuroscientist Khalid Shah, M.S., Ph.D., who recently demonstrated the value of stem cells loaded with cancer-killing herpes viruses, now has a way to genetically engineer stem cells so that they can produce and secrete tumor-killing toxins.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Joseph Caputo
joseph_caputo@harvard.edu
617-496-1491
Harvard University

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Dartmouth study measures breast cancer tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy
A Dartmouth study suggests that it may be possible to use Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic Tomographic imaging to predict which patients will best respond to chemotherapy used to shrink breast cancer tumors before surgery. These findings could eliminate delays in effective early treatment for tumors unlikely to respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Robin Dutcher
Robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Cell Reports
Experimental breast cancer drug holds promise in combination therapy for Ewing sarcoma
Ewing sarcoma tumors disappeared and did not return in more than 70 percent of mice treated with combination therapy that included drugs from a family of experimental agents developed to fight breast cancer, reported St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation for Childhood Cancer, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Tully Family Foundation, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
summer.freeman@stjude.org
901-595-3061
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Boston College professor to lead $19 million NIH mentoring network
Boston College Biologist David Burgess and other leaders in the field will develop the National Research Mentoring Network through a five-year, $19 million grant from the NIH to increase diversity within the ranks of the nation's biomedical workforce.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
NIH awards Detroit colleges $21.2 million to improve student diversity in biomed research
A consortium of Marygrove College, University of Detroit Mercy, Wayne County Community College District and Wayne State University has been awarded $21.2 million over five years by the National Institutes of Health to implement a program encouraging more undergraduate students from underrepresented and economically disadvantaged backgrounds to pursue careers in biomedical research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3753.

<< < 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 > >>

     
   

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