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Department of Health and Human Services

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Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3574.

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Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Monkeys that eat omega-3 rich diet show more developed brain networks
Monkeys that ate a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids had brains with highly connected and well organized neural networks -- in some ways akin to the neural networks in healthy humans -- while monkeys that ate a diet deficient in the fatty acids had much more limited brain networking, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Fighting Blindness

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Mechanism discovered for how amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mutations damage nerve function
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led a study showing that mutations in a gene responsible for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disrupt the RNA transport system in nerve cells. The findings appear in the current issue of the scientific journal Neuron and offer a new focus for efforts to develop effective treatments.
Packard Foundation, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Association, National Institutes of health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Mental Health in Family Medicine
Rural primary care physicians offer insight into rural women's health care
Women living in rural communities are less likely than urban-dwelling women to receive sufficient mental health care, in large part due to limited access to services and societal stigma, according to medicine and public health researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Longevity mutation found in flies far and wide
To date, evidence that mutations in a gene called Indy could increase life span in flies and mimic calorie restriction in mammals has come only from experiments in the lab. A new study finds that the same benefit is present in naturally Indy-mutated flies descended from flies collected in the wild all over the world and going back decades.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Fewer than half of women attend recommended doctors visits after childbirth
Medical associations widely recommend that women visit their obstetricians and primary care doctors shortly after giving birth, but slightly fewer than half make or keep those postpartum appointments, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Penn study reveals genetics impact risk of early menopause among some female smokers
New research is lighting up yet another reason for women to quit smoking. In a study published online in the journal Menopause, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report the first evidence showing that smoking causes earlier signs of menopause -- in the case of heavy smokers, up to nine years earlier than average -- in white women with certain genetic variations.
National Institutes of Health, Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Nerve block eases troublesome hot flashes
Injecting a little anesthetic near a nerve bundle in the neck cut troublesome hot flashes significantly, shows a new randomized, controlled trial published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society. The technique could give women who cannot or prefer not to take hormones or other medications an effective treatment alternative.
Northwestern University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Scientists create potential vaccine ingredient for childhood respiratory disease
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a new method for designing artificial proteins and have used it to make key ingredients for a candidate vaccine against a dangerous virus, respiratory syncytial virus, a significant cause of infant mortality. The virus has been resistant to current vaccine-design strategies.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Science Translational Medicine
New analysis of endometriosis could help diagnoses, treatments
MIT researchers find that new analysis of endometriosis patients could help scientists develop better treatments and more revealing diagnoses.
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Simulated blindness can help revive hearing, researchers find
Minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
A short stay in darkness may heal hearing woes
Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind learns to hear things others cannot. Researchers know that young brains are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University have shown the brains of adult mice can also be re-wired, compensating for vision loss by improving their hearing. This may lead to treatments for human hearing loss.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
University of Maryland

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Scientific Reports
Gene that influences receptive joint attention in chimpanzees gives insight into autism
Following another's gaze or looking in the direction someone is pointing, two examples of receptive joint attention, is significantly heritable according to new study results, which give researchers insight into the biology of disorders such as autism.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain scans show we take risks because we can't stop ourselves
A new study correlating brain activity with how people make decisions suggests that when individuals engage in risky behavior, such as drunk driving or unsafe sex, it's probably not because their brains' desire systems are too active, but because their self-control systems are not active enough. This might have implications for how health experts treat mental illness and addiction or how the legal system assesses a criminal's likelihood of committing another crime.
National Institutes of Health, Tennenbaum Center for the Biology of Creativity

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Most teen workers spend, not save
High school seniors spend most of their earnings on clothes, music, movies, eating out and other personal expenses. Spending on cars and car expenses comes in second, especially for males. And way down the list come saving for college or other long-range goals and helping with family living expenses.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatric Services
Personal experience, work seniority improve mental health professionals' outlook
One might think that after years of seeing people at their worst, mental health workers would harbor negative attitudes about mental illness, perhaps associating people with mental health issues as less competent or dangerous. But a new study suggests the opposite.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Nature Communications
Off-the-shelf materials lead to self-healing polymers
Look out, super glue and paint thinner. Thanks to new dynamic materials developed at the University of Illinois, removable paint and self-healing plastics soon could be household products. A slight tweak in chemistry to elastic materials made of polyurea, one of the most widely used classes of polymers in consumer goods, yields materials that bond back together on a molecular level without the need for other chemicals or adhesives.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Mind over matter: Beating pain and painkillers
Misuse of prescription opioids can lead to serious side effects -- including death by overdose. A new treatment developed by University of Utah researcher Eric Garland has shown to not only lower pain but also decrease prescription opioid misuse among chronic pain patients.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Eric Garland
University of Utah

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Obesity in men could dictate future colon screenings
Obesity is a known risk factor for many cancers including colon cancer, yet the reasons behind the colon cancer link have often remained unclear. A Michigan State University study is shedding more light on the topic and has shown that elevated leptin -- a fat hormone -- higher body mass index and a larger waistline in men is associated with a greater likelihood of having colorectal polyps, precancerous growths linked to colon cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Annals of Surgery
Long-term survival no different among those severely injured by violence vs. accident
People seriously injured by violence are no more likely to die in the years after they are shot, stabbed or beaten than those who are seriously injured in accidents, Johns Hopkins researchers have found.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In vitro innovation: Testing nanomedicine with blood cells on a microchip
Scientists have engineered a microchip coated with blood vessel cells to learn more about the conditions under which nanoparticles accumulate in the plaque-filled arteries of patients with atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of myocardial infarction and stroke.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatry Research
Study finds high Rx burden for bipolar patients
Concerned about patients with bipolar disorder needing hospitalization despite treatment with four or more psychotropic medications, a team of researchers sought to quantify the rate of "complex polypharmacy." They found that 36 percent of patients admitted to the hospital with bipolar disorder in 2010 were receiving complex polypharmacy from their community providers The polypharmacy rate was significantly higher for women. Including for other conditions, the average patient was on six medications.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mouse study shows gene therapy may be possible cure for Hurler syndrome
Researchers used blood platelets and bone marrow cells to deliver potentially curative gene therapy to mouse models of the human genetic disorder Hurler syndrome -- an often fatal condition that causes organ damage and other medical complications. Scientists from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke report their unique strategy for treating the disease the week of Feb. 3-7 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nick Miller
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Health Psychology
Happy people, safer sex
In a new study, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report that HIV-positive men whose moods improved in a given week were more likely to have safe sex than they would in a normal week. In weeks where moods were worse than usual, they were more likely to have unprotected sex. Results appear online in the journal Health Psychology.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychological Review
When it comes to memory, quality matters more than quantity
The capacity of our working memory is better explained by the quality of memories we can store than by their number, a team of psychology researchers has concluded.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Army Research Office

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Heart disease warning at age 18
Elevated blood pressure as young as age 18 is a warning sign of heart disease developing later in life and the time to begin prevention, according to a large national study. That's decades earlier than clinicians and patients generally start thinking about heart disease risk. The 25-year study is the first to identify different long-term patterns of blood pressure levels from ages 18 to 55 and resulting cardiovascular risk.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Showing releases 3151-3175 out of 3574.

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