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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3518.

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Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
TSRI scientists: Emerging bird flu strain is still poorly adapted for infecting humans
Avian influenza virus H7N9, which killed several dozen people in China earlier this year, has not yet acquired the changes needed to infect humans easily, according to a new study by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute. In contrast to some initial studies that had suggested that H7N9 poses an imminent risk of a global pandemic, the new research found, based on analyses of virus samples from the Chinese outbreak, that H7N9 is still mainly adapted for infecting birds, not humans.
National Institutes of Health, The Scripps Research Institute/Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Study identifies protein that helps developing germ cells wipe genes clean of past imprints
A protein called Tet1 is partly responsible for giving primordial germ cells a clean epigenetic slate before developing into sperm and egg cells, according to a new study by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital. This discovery could help provide clues to the cause of some kinds of neonatal growth defects and may also help advance the development of stem cell models of disease.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Erin Tornatore
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Not in the mood but want to be? New studies bring women hope
For women, passing midlife can deal a blow to their sex drive. But two new studies just published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society, offer hope to women who want to get their sexual mojo back.
Boehringer Ingelheim, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
International Journal of Obesity
LSUHSC research finds inflammation linked to obesity in adults may be protective in young children
The first study of its kind, led by Melinda Sothern, Ph.D., CEP, Professor and Director of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health, reveals that the same pro-inflammatory proteins linked to obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adults appear to protect children prior to puberty.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
JAMA Dermatology
Shining a light on the damage that daily sun exposure can cause: Study highlights need for better sunscreens
A low level of daily exposure to a common component of sunlight can cause skin damage at the molecular level after just a few days, new research shows. The findings highlight the need for better sunscreens to protect against these damaging rays, and prevent the process that can cause skin to look old, wrinkled and sagging prematurely.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
TGen, Barrow and PCH receive $4 million grant to study genetic basis of brain injuries
In an effort to lower medical costs, identify patients at risk for injury, and speed patient recovery, scientists will attempt to identify a molecular signal that indicates severity of brain-injury during a $4 million, five-year federal grant to Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix Children's Hospital and the Translational Genomics Research Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
University of Maryland scientists develop new understanding of chlamydial disease
Investigators at the Institute for Genome Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have developed a new technique that can track the activity of a disease-causing microbe and the host cell response to that pathogen simultaneously. Using the new method to examine Chlamydia trachomatis infection, the study team observed how the response of the infected cell contributes to one of the hallmark outcomes of chlamydial disease -- tissue scarring. Their findings appear in the Dec. 4 issue of PLOS One.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Sarah Pick
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
How our nerves keep firing
University of Utah and German biologists discovered how nerve cells recycle tiny bubbles or "vesicles" that send chemical nerve signals from one cell to the next. The process is much faster and different than two previously proposed mechanisms for recycling the bubbles.
National Institutes of Health, European and German Research Councils, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Youthful suicide attempts a marker for lifelong troubles
Against a backdrop of rising youth suicide attempts during the global recession, a longitudinal study has found that people who had attempted suicide before age 24 are plagued by more health and psychiatric issues and had more economic difficulties than their peers when they reach their mid-30s. Youthful suicide attempt doesn't cause these problems, but can be a clue to provide more care to these individuals.
National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council, New Zealand Health Research Council, Jacobs Foundation

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Droplet Digital PCR enables measurement of potential cancer survival biomarker
Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center use Droplet Digital PCR to quantify tumor-attacking immune cells (TILs) in cancer tissues in a promising effort to develop the use of TILs in immunotherapy as well as a cancer survival predictor.
Listwin Family Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Pacific Ovarian Cancer Research Consortium, Canary Foundation, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Ken Li
Chempetitive Group

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Cancer Prevention Research
New insights into cancer evolution help define screening window of opportunity
Researchers discover that cancer arises a few years after cells undergo drastic mutations, contrary to common belief.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, and others

Contact: Deborah Bach
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Communications
Gene therapy bolsters enzyme activity to combat Alzheimer's disease in mice
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified an enzyme that can halt or possibly even reverse the build-up of toxic protein fragments known as plaques in the brains of mice with Alzheimer's disease. The research appeared in a recent edition of the scientific journal Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, Assisi Foundation of Memphis, National Tay-Sachs & Allied Disease Association, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Annals of Neurology
Molecular sensor detects early signs of multiple sclerosis, Gladstone study finds
For some, the disease multiple sclerosis (MS) attacks its victims slowly over a period of years. For others, it strikes in fits and starts. But all patients share one thing: the disease had long been present in their nervous systems, under the radar from the most sophisticated detection methods. But now, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have devised a new sensor that can detect MS at its earliest stages -- even before the onset of physical signs.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Nancy Davis Foundation, March of Dimes, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Holden
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
$12.5 million, five-year research grant allows scientists to tackle melanoma from multiple angles
A team of melanoma scientists from The Wistar Institute and the University of Pennsylvania received a $12.5 M, five-year program project grant (P01) from the National Institutes of Health to continue trailblazing research on targeted therapies in melanoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Darien Sutton
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
PLOS Pathogens
HIV-1 movement across genital tract cells surprisingly enhanced by usurping antibody response
Infectious disease researchers have identified a novel mechanism wherein HIV-1 may facilitate its own transmission by usurping the antibody response directed against itself. These results have important implications for HIV vaccine development and for understanding the earliest events in HIV transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Higher case load lowers cost of repairing bones that protect eye
Adding to evidence that "high-volume" specialty care in busy teaching hospitals leads to efficiencies unavailable in community hospitals, a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers finds that patients undergoing repair of traumatic eye socket injuries at its busy academic medical center fared just as well at far less cost than those treated at all other Maryland hospitals.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Journal of Virology
1950s pandemic influenza virus remains a health threat, particularly to those under 50
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have evidence that descendants of the H2N2 avian influenza A virus that killed millions worldwide in the 1950s still pose a threat to human health, particularly to those under 50. The research has been published in an advance online edition of the Journal of Virology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Protein in prostate biopsies signals increased cancer risk
Researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College have shown that the presence of a particular protein in biopsied prostate tissue substantially increases the likelihood that cancer will develop in that organ. The discovery will likely help physicians decide how closely to monitor men potentially at risk for the cancer -- among the most confusing and controversial dilemmas in health care.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Early Detection Research Network, Prostate Cancer Foundation

Contact: Sarah Smith
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Methods
Manufacturing a new gut to treat GI diseases
Researchers grow extensive numbers of intestinal stem cells, then coax them to develop into different types of mature intestinal cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Cell Metabolism
Scientists discover new survival mechanism for stressed mitochondria
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a natural mechanism that cells use to protect mitochondria, the tiny but essential "power plants" that provide chemical energy for cells throughout the body. Damage to mitochondria is thought to be a significant factor in common neurodegenerative disorders, cancer and even the aging process. The TSRI researchers' discovery could lead to new methods for protecting mitochondria from such damage, thereby improving human health.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Arlene and Arnold Goldstein

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Communications
First real-time flu forecast successful
Scientists were able to reliably predict the timing of the 2012-2013 influenza season up to nine weeks in advance of its peak. The first large-scale demonstration of the flu forecasting system by scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health was carried out in 108 cities across the United States.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Federal grant to fund development of dental fillings that self-heal, fight cavity-causing bacteria
The American Dental Association and the ADA Foundation today announced that the foundation's Anthony Volpe Research Center received a five-year, $2.2 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research to develop new resin composite dental fillings.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Robert Raible
American Dental Association

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Behavioral Brain Research
Aerobic fitness and hormones predict recognition memory in young adults
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have found further evidence that exercise may be beneficial for brain health and cognition. The findings, which are currently available online in Behavioural Brain Research, suggest that certain hormones, which are increased during exercise, may help improve memory.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Adolescent Health
Energy drinks plus alcohol pose a public health threat
Mixing energy drinks with alcohol is riskier than just drinking alcohol alone, according to a new study that examines the impact of a growing trend among young adults.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Lancet Oncology
New drug cuts risk of deadly transplant side effect in half
A new class of drugs reduced the risk of patients contracting a serious and often deadly side effect of lifesaving bone marrow transplant treatments, according to a study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Merck, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, National Institutes of Health, St. Baldrick's Foundation

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3518.

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