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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3581.

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Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Scientists create potential vaccine ingredient for childhood respiratory disease
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a new method for designing artificial proteins and have used it to make key ingredients for a candidate vaccine against a dangerous virus, respiratory syncytial virus, a significant cause of infant mortality. The virus has been resistant to current vaccine-design strategies.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Science Translational Medicine
New analysis of endometriosis could help diagnoses, treatments
MIT researchers find that new analysis of endometriosis patients could help scientists develop better treatments and more revealing diagnoses.
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Simulated blindness can help revive hearing, researchers find
Minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
A short stay in darkness may heal hearing woes
Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind learns to hear things others cannot. Researchers know that young brains are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University have shown the brains of adult mice can also be re-wired, compensating for vision loss by improving their hearing. This may lead to treatments for human hearing loss.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
University of Maryland

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Scientific Reports
Gene that influences receptive joint attention in chimpanzees gives insight into autism
Following another's gaze or looking in the direction someone is pointing, two examples of receptive joint attention, is significantly heritable according to new study results, which give researchers insight into the biology of disorders such as autism.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain scans show we take risks because we can't stop ourselves
A new study correlating brain activity with how people make decisions suggests that when individuals engage in risky behavior, such as drunk driving or unsafe sex, it's probably not because their brains' desire systems are too active, but because their self-control systems are not active enough. This might have implications for how health experts treat mental illness and addiction or how the legal system assesses a criminal's likelihood of committing another crime.
National Institutes of Health, Tennenbaum Center for the Biology of Creativity

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Most teen workers spend, not save
High school seniors spend most of their earnings on clothes, music, movies, eating out and other personal expenses. Spending on cars and car expenses comes in second, especially for males. And way down the list come saving for college or other long-range goals and helping with family living expenses.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatric Services
Personal experience, work seniority improve mental health professionals' outlook
One might think that after years of seeing people at their worst, mental health workers would harbor negative attitudes about mental illness, perhaps associating people with mental health issues as less competent or dangerous. But a new study suggests the opposite.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Nature Communications
Off-the-shelf materials lead to self-healing polymers
Look out, super glue and paint thinner. Thanks to new dynamic materials developed at the University of Illinois, removable paint and self-healing plastics soon could be household products. A slight tweak in chemistry to elastic materials made of polyurea, one of the most widely used classes of polymers in consumer goods, yields materials that bond back together on a molecular level without the need for other chemicals or adhesives.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Mind over matter: Beating pain and painkillers
Misuse of prescription opioids can lead to serious side effects -- including death by overdose. A new treatment developed by University of Utah researcher Eric Garland has shown to not only lower pain but also decrease prescription opioid misuse among chronic pain patients.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Eric Garland
University of Utah

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Obesity in men could dictate future colon screenings
Obesity is a known risk factor for many cancers including colon cancer, yet the reasons behind the colon cancer link have often remained unclear. A Michigan State University study is shedding more light on the topic and has shown that elevated leptin -- a fat hormone -- higher body mass index and a larger waistline in men is associated with a greater likelihood of having colorectal polyps, precancerous growths linked to colon cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Annals of Surgery
Long-term survival no different among those severely injured by violence vs. accident
People seriously injured by violence are no more likely to die in the years after they are shot, stabbed or beaten than those who are seriously injured in accidents, Johns Hopkins researchers have found.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In vitro innovation: Testing nanomedicine with blood cells on a microchip
Scientists have engineered a microchip coated with blood vessel cells to learn more about the conditions under which nanoparticles accumulate in the plaque-filled arteries of patients with atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of myocardial infarction and stroke.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatry Research
Study finds high Rx burden for bipolar patients
Concerned about patients with bipolar disorder needing hospitalization despite treatment with four or more psychotropic medications, a team of researchers sought to quantify the rate of "complex polypharmacy." They found that 36 percent of patients admitted to the hospital with bipolar disorder in 2010 were receiving complex polypharmacy from their community providers The polypharmacy rate was significantly higher for women. Including for other conditions, the average patient was on six medications.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mouse study shows gene therapy may be possible cure for Hurler syndrome
Researchers used blood platelets and bone marrow cells to deliver potentially curative gene therapy to mouse models of the human genetic disorder Hurler syndrome -- an often fatal condition that causes organ damage and other medical complications. Scientists from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke report their unique strategy for treating the disease the week of Feb. 3-7 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nick Miller
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Health Psychology
Happy people, safer sex
In a new study, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report that HIV-positive men whose moods improved in a given week were more likely to have safe sex than they would in a normal week. In weeks where moods were worse than usual, they were more likely to have unprotected sex. Results appear online in the journal Health Psychology.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychological Review
When it comes to memory, quality matters more than quantity
The capacity of our working memory is better explained by the quality of memories we can store than by their number, a team of psychology researchers has concluded.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Army Research Office

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Heart disease warning at age 18
Elevated blood pressure as young as age 18 is a warning sign of heart disease developing later in life and the time to begin prevention, according to a large national study. That's decades earlier than clinicians and patients generally start thinking about heart disease risk. The 25-year study is the first to identify different long-term patterns of blood pressure levels from ages 18 to 55 and resulting cardiovascular risk.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Cell Metabolism
Research reveals why diabetes patients are at risk for microvascular complications
One of the most common complications among diabetes patients is the failure of wounds to properly heal. Research from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical now helps explain why.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medicine Sciences, American Heart Assosciation, American Diabetes Association, Ellison Medical Foundation, Takeda Science Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
How your memory rewrites the past
Your memory is a wily time traveler, plucking fragments of the present and inserting them into the past, reports a new study. In terms of accuracy, it's no video camera. Rather, memory rewrites the past with current information, updating your recollections with new experiences to aid survival. Love at first sight, for example, is more likely a trick of your memory than a Hollywood-worthy moment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Cancer Immunology Research
Marker may predict response to ipilimumab in advanced melanoma
Among patients with advanced melanoma, presence of higher levels of the protein vascular endothelial growth factor in blood was associated with poor response to treatment with the immunotherapy ipilimumab, according to a study published in Cancer Immunology Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Cell Metabolism
Study reveals how cancer cells thrive in oxygen-starved tumors
A new study identifies the molecular pathway that enables cancer cells to grow in areas of a tumor where oxygen levels are low, a condition called hypoxia. The findings might offer a new strategy for inhibiting tumor growth by developing agents that reverse this hypoxia-related pathway.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
UT Arlington bioengineer to create new nanoparticle system to shore up arterial walls
A UT Arlington bioengineer has received a four-year, $1.4 million National Institutes of Health grant to create a nanoparticle system to shore up arterial walls following angioplasty and stenting procedures to treat coronary arterial disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
Nature Immunology
Newly discovered signaling pathway could impact a variety of autoinflammatory diseases
Researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have discovered a new signaling pathway in sterile inflammation that could impact the treatment of diseases such as cancer, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Their findings offer insight into the role that activation of interferon-regulatory factor 1, a protein that functions as a transcriptional activator of a variety of target genes, plays in the production of chemokines and the recruitment of mononuclear cells to sites of sterile inflammation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alaina Schneider
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Finding a target for tumor suppression
Biochemists found a protein that is suspected as a potential tumor suppressor and found how it could block the production of the material used as scaffolding during cell division.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joe Hadfield
Brigham Young University

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3581.

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