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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3764.

<< < 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 > >>

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study
National Institute of Health announced awards to expand the Office of Rare Diseases Research part of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences collaborative Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network. Through the network, physician scientists at 22 consortia will work with 98 patient advocacy groups to advance clinical research and investigate new treatments for patients with rare diseases. The collaborations are made possible by $29 million in fiscal 2014 funding from NIH.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Kaminsky
International Rett Syndrome Foundation

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nucleic Acids Research
Technique uses bacteria's own CRISPR-Cas system to turn off gene
Researchers have developed a technique that co-opts an immune system already present in bacteria and archaea to turn off specific genes or sets of genes -- creating a powerful tool for future research on genetics and related fields.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
HIV Research for Prevention (HIV R4P) Conference
New results from VOICE associates tenofovir gel use with lower HSV-2 risk in women
The risk of acquiring herpes simplex virus type 2 was reduced by half among women in the VOICE trial who used a vaginal gel containing the antiretroviral drug tenofovir regularly, according to researchers from the Microbicide Trials Network who conducted the study. The findings provide additional evidence that tenofovir gel, a product developed to protect against HIV, could potentially help prevent one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections affecting women in sub-Saharan Africa.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Rossi
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Compensation and punishment: 'Justice' depends on whether or not we're a victim
We're more likely to punish wrongdoing as a third party to a non-violent offense than when we're victimized by it, according to a new study by New York University psychology researchers. The findings may offer insights into how juries differ from plaintiffs in seeking to restore justice.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Social host laws tied to less underage drinking
Teenagers who live in communities with strict 'social host' laws are less likely to spend their weekends drinking at parties, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Mallie J. Paschall
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Screening with tomosynthesis and mammography is cost-effective
Adding tomosynthesis to biennial digital mammography screening for women with dense breasts is likely to improve breast cancer detection at a reasonable cost relative to biennial mammography screening alone, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat linked with lower risk of heart disease
People who swap 5 percent of the calories they consume from saturated fat sources such as red meat and butter with foods containing linoleic acid -- the main polyunsaturated fat found in vegetable oil, nuts, and seeds -- lowered their risk of coronary heart disease events by 9 percent and their risk of death from CHD by 13 percent, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Wayne State research may develop next generation of vaccines against autoimmune diseas
A major barrier to treating autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes is the lack of methods to deliver the therapeutics to specific sites such as the lymph nodes. A researcher in Wayne State University's College of Engineering is working to address this issue with a recently awarded a $475,752 grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
UH research focuses on suicide resilience and vulnerability
Religious beliefs and practices may reduce thoughts of suicide among African-American adults in stressful life events induced by racial discrimination, according to a new research study conducted at the University of Houston.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Melissa Carroll
University of Houston

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Delivering a 1-2 punch: New drug combination shows promise in treating breast cancer
The uncontrolled growth of cancer cells arises from their ability to hijack the cell's normal growth program and checkpoints. Usually after therapy, a second cancer-signaling pathway opens after the primary one shuts down -- creating an escape route for the cancer cell to survive. The answer, say Case Western Reserve researchers, is to anticipate and block that back-up track by prescribing two drugs. The results of the project appeared this fall in the journal Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Analytical Methods
Prostate cancer, kidney disease detected in urine samples on the spot
New device screens for kidney disease, prostate cancer on the spot. The tiny tube is lined with DNA sequences that latch onto disease markers in urine. While healthy samples flow freely, a diseased sample gets clogged and stops short of the mark.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joe Hadfield
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
ISRN Stroke
Study finds knowledge poor about stroke in Uganda
A study published in the journal International Scholarly Research Notices Stroke found that overall knowledge about stroke in Uganda was poor, although knowing what to do for a stroke -- go to the hospital -- was good. The researchers surveyed 1,600 residents, and found that three-quarters did not know any stroke risk factors and warning signs, or recognize the brain as the organ affected.
Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator, National Institutes of Health, Health Resources and Services Administration

Contact: George Stamatis
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Study gives new view on how cells control what comes in and out
A new study reveals that a form of calmodulin long thought to be dormant actually opens ion channels wide. The finding is likely to bring new insight into disorders caused by faulty control of these channels, such as cardiac arrhythmias, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease, the researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Parkinson Society Canada

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Can statin treatment cut cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients?
A nationwide study based at Massachusetts General Hospital will investigate, for the first time, whether treatment with a statin drug can reduce the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Developmental Cell
Blood vessel growth in the brain relies on a protein found in tumor blood vessels
Do blood vessels that feed tumors differ from other blood vessels? Fourteen years ago, experiments designed to answer that question led to the discovery of several genes that are more active in tumor-associated blood vessels than in normal blood vessels. New research now reveals the normal function of one of those genes and suggests it could be a good target for anticancer drug therapy.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Ellison Medical Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Study may explain why targeted drug doesn't benefit patients with early-stage lung cancer
The drug erlotinib is highly effective in treating advanced-stage lung cancer patients whose tumors have a particular gene mutation, but when the same drug is used for patients with early-stage tumors with the same gene change, they fare worse than if they took nothing. This study might explain why.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Eileen Scahill
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists' new analysis of plant proteins advances our understanding of photosynthesis
A world without plants would be a world without oxygen, uninhabitable for us and for many creatures. We know plants release oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide and breaking down water using sunlight through the process of photosynthesis. However, we know little about the mechanics of how plants create oxygen during photosynthesis. A break-through that will help advance our understanding of this critical ecological process was made recently by scientists at Louisiana State University.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alison Satake
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Ultrasound guides tongue to pronounce 'r' sounds
Using ultrasound technology to visualize the tongue's shape and movement can help children with difficulty pronouncing 'r' sounds, according to a small study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development and Montclair State University.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Researchers look for the best way to help shake too much sodium
Multiple times each day, about a third of blacks hold onto sodium -- and higher blood pressure -- for at least an hour after the stress that raised their pressure has passed, scientists say. Armed with a $10.6 million NIH grant, they are now looking to find how chronic mental stress, obesity, and inflammation conspire to produce this unhealthy response so they can determine the best ways to treat it.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
CHOP and Temple receive NIH grant to explore eradicating HIV from hiding places in the brain
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Temple University have received a joint $4.3 million, four-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate new methods to eradicate HIV that lurks in brain cells despite conventional antiviral treatments. The research, in cell cultures and animals, aims to set the stage for subsequently testing the most promising approaches in human patients.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Medical Anthropology Quarterly
CWRU researcher finds training officers about mental illness benefits prison's safety
Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness. What he found, through 430 hours of prison observations and interviews, is that inmates were treated humanely and security was better managed when cell block officers were trained to identify symptoms of mental illness and how to respond to them.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Cell membranes self-assemble
A self-driven reaction can assemble phospholipid membranes like those that enclose cells. The new process is specific and non-toxic, and can be used in the presence of biomolecules one might want to study within artificial cells. The technique could also be used to assemble packets for drug delivery.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, NIH/ational Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Diabetes patients report better outcomes with improved physician accessibility
A new model of delivering primary care studied by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California researchers has the potential to improve the health of patients with type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First atlas of body clock gene expression informs timing of drug delivery
A new effort mapping 24-hr patterns of expression for thousands of genes in 12 different mouse organs -- five years in the making -- provides important clues about how the role of timing may influence the way drugs work in the body. This study, detailing this veritable 'atlas' of gene oscillations, has never before been described in mammals.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
How cells know which way to go
Amoebas aren't the only cells that crawl: Movement is crucial to development, wound healing and immune response in animals, not to mention cancer metastasis. In two new studies from Johns Hopkins, researchers answer long-standing questions about how complex cells sense the chemical trails that show them where to go -- and the role of cells' internal 'skeleton' in responding to those cues.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3764.

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