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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3525.

<< < 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 > >>

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
Younger people have 'high definition' memories
It's not that younger people are able to remember more than older people. Their memories seem better because they are able to retrieve them in higher definition. So says Philip Ko, in a study that sheds light on how differences in the behavioral and neural activity of younger and older adults influence the different generations' ability to store and recall memories. The findings appear in the journal Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, published by Springer.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Stem Cell Reports
New breast cancer stem cell findings explain how cancer spreads
Breast cancer stem cells exist in two different states and each state plays a role in how cancer spreads, according to an international collaboration of researchers. Their finding sheds new light on the process that makes cancer a deadly disease.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Vanderbilt study reveals senses of sight and sound separated in children with autism
Like watching a foreign movie that was badly dubbed, children with autism spectrum disorders have trouble integrating simultaneous information from their eyes and their ears, according to a Vanderbilt study published today in the Journal of Neuroscience.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Prevalence of hepatitis C infection found to vary widely among Hispanics
The first study of hepatitis C infection among different Hispanic groups in the US has found that infection with the virus varies widely, with Puerto Rican Hispanics much more likely than other groups to be infected. The study, led by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, highlights which Hispanic populations would benefit most from increased hepatitis C testing and treatment. It was published today in the online edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Kim Newman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Study indicates the potential of new tests in long-term diabetes complications
Monitoring glucose levels is imperative for diabetes patients, but for some the standard Hemoglobin A1c test is not valid. Researchers from Johns Hopkins University, the University of Wisconsin, and the University of Minnesota have determined that the fructosamine tests and a novel assay for glycated albumin may be useful for predicting complications related to diabetes. The results will be published in the latest edition of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases

Contact: Tim Parsons
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
In dyslexia, less brain tissue not to blame for reading difficulties
In people with dyslexia, less gray matter in the brain has been linked to reading disabilities, but now new evidence suggests this is a consequence of poorer reading experiences and not the root cause of the disorder.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Social experience drives empathetic, pro-social behavior in rats
Empathy-driven behavior has been observed in rats who will free trapped companions from restrainers. This behavior also extends toward strangers, but requires prior, positive social interactions with the type (strain) of the unfamiliar individual. The findings suggest that social experiences, not genetics or kin selection, determine whether an individual will help strangers out of empathy. This applies even to rats of the same strain -- a rat fostered and raised with a strain different than itself will not help strangers of its own kind.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
Gene variation associated with brain atrophy in mild cognitive impairment
The presence of a gene variant in people with mild cognitive impairment is associated with accelerated rates of brain atrophy, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 14-Jan-2014
PLOS Medicine
Muscle-strengthening and conditioning in women associated with reduced risk of diabetes
Aerobic exercise is known to prevent type 2 diabetes, and muscle-strengthening alone or in combination with aerobic exercise improves diabetic control among those with diabetes. Although men who weight train have been found to have an associated reduced risk of developing diabetes, whether such an association exists for women has not been established.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Fiona Godwin

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Nature Medicine
T-cell research sheds light on why HIV can persist despite treatment
Research by an international team that includes the University of Delaware provides evidence that a particular T-cell type may help researchers better understand why HIV can persist despite treatment.
American Foundation for AIDS Research, National Institutes of Health, Mark and Lisa Schwartz Foundation, Gates Foundation

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scientists develop promising drug candidates for pain, addiction
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have described a pair of drug candidates that advance the search for new treatments for pain, addiction and other disorders. The two new drug scaffolds offer researchers novel tools that act on a demonstrated therapeutic target, the kappa opioid receptor, which is located on nerve cells and plays a role in the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tricky protein may help HIV vaccine development
Duke scientists have taken aim at what may be the Achilles' heel of the HIV virus. Combining expertise in biochemistry, immunology and advanced computation, researchers at Duke University have determined the structure of a key part of the HIV envelope protein, the gp41 membrane proximal external region, which previously eluded complete, functional description. The research will help focus HIV vaccine development efforts.
National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Erin Weeks
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Viral microRNAs responsible for causing AIDS-related cancer, new USC study shows
For the first time, scientists and engineers have identified a critical cancer-causing component in the virus that causes Kaposi's sarcoma, the most common cancer among HIV-infected people. The discovery lays the foundation for developing drugs that prevent Kaposi's sarcoma and other related cancers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alison Trinidad
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Cancer Cell
Small molecule shows promise as anti-cancer therapy
Johns Hopkins scientists say a previously known but little studied chemical compound targets and shuts down a common cancer process. In studies of laboratory-grown human tumor cell lines, the drug disrupted tumor cell division and prevented growth of advanced cancer cells.
Academy of Finland, Biomedicum Helsinki Foundation, Cancer Society Finland, Finnish Cultural Foundation, Patrick C. Walsh Cancer Research Fund, National Institutes of Health, Johns Hopkins University start-up funds, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center/Anal

Contact: Amy Mone
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Study demonstrates need to change scoring system for heart disease
A study led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine shows that one of the most widely used systems for predicting risk of adverse heart events should be re-evaluated. A surprise finding was that coronary artery calcium (CAC) density may be protective against cardiovascular events. The study of CAC will be published in the Jan. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Jackie Carr
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Weighing particles at the attogram scale
New device from MIT can measure masses as small as one millionth of a trillionth of a gram, in solution.
US Army Research Office, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies, Center for Integration of Medicine and Innovative Technology, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers investigating how to make PET imaging even sweeter
An international research team led by Mount Sinai Heart at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is testing its novel sugar-based tracer contrast agent to be used with positron emission tomography imaging to help in the hunt for dangerous inflammation and high-risk vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque inside vessel walls that causes acute heart attacks and strokes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lauren Woods
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Journal of American Geriatrics Society
Benefits of cognitive training can last 10 years in older adults
Exercises meant to boost mental sharpness can benefit older adults as many as 10 years after they received the cognitive training.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Schoch
Indiana University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Wistar receives funding to lead trial to diminish HIV-1 viral reservoir
Wistar has received a $6.2 million grant to lead a clinical trial that seeks to "drain the viral reservoir" in patients with HIV/AIDS. The study will treat patients currently on antiretroviral therapy with a form of interferon, an antiviral chemical produced by the human immune system. The trial represents the largest randomized clinical study ever designed to deplete the viral reservoir in patients, a necessary first step on the path to a cure.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Greg Lester
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Cancer Cell
Multiple myeloma study uncovers genetic diversity within tumors
The most comprehensive genetic study to date of the blood cancer multiple myeloma has revealed that the genetic landscape of the disease may be more complicated than previously thought. Through results published in Cancer Cell today, a team of Broad researchers has shown that an individual patient's tumor can harbor populations of cancer cells equipped with different mutations. These findings could have therapeutic implications for patients in the future.
Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Conquer Cancer Foundation

Contact: Haley Bridger
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Flu forecasting website posts first predictions
Infectious disease experts at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health have launched a website that reports weekly predictions for rates of season influenza in 94 cities in the United States based on a scientifically validated system. The URL is Reporting the latest data from the week of Dec. 29, 2013, through Jan. 4, 2014, the website -- Columbia Prediction of Infectious Diseases: Influenza Forecasts, or CPID -- shows the following.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
BU study: 1 question may gauge the severity of unhealthy drug and alcohol use
Primary care physicians seeking to determine whether a patient's drug or alcohol use is problematic often have to rely on lengthy questionnaires containing dozens of items with multiple response options. Primary care physicians seeking to determine whether a patient's drug or alcohol use is problematic often have to rely on lengthy questionnaires containing dozens of items with multiple response options. But a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher suggests that a single screening question may not only identify unhealthy use, but can help to determine the level of alcohol and drug dependence just as well -- and sometimes better -- than longer screening tools.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Lisa Chedekel
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
2 players produce destructive cascade of diabetic retinopathy
The retina can be bombarded by reactive oxygen species in diabetes, prompting events that destroy healthy blood vessels, form leaky new ones and ruin vision.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Americans with and without children at home report similar life satisfaction but more positive and negative emotions
Americans aged 34 to 46 with children at home rate their life satisfaction at higher levels than those without children at home, according to a report by Princeton University and Stony Brook University. However, the researchers say that factors such as higher educational attainment, higher income, better health and religiosity all enhance life satisfaction and that, once these are taken into account, parents and nonparents have similar levels of life satisfaction.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research, Gallup Organization

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 13-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How fruit flies detect sweet foods
Using the common fruit fly, researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have performed a study that describes just how the fly's taste receptors detect sweet compounds. Even though these taste receptors were discovered more than a decade ago, how they recognize diverse chemicals remained an enigma and an unmet challenge -- until now. Understanding the mechanisms by which the fly tastes and ingests sweet substances may offer tools to control insect feeding, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Whitehall Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Showing releases 3176-3200 out of 3525.

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