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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3201-3225 out of 3612.

<< < 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 > >>

Public Release: 16-May-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Breakthrough in HIV/AIDS research gives hope for improved drug therapy
The first direct proof of a long-suspected cause of multiple HIV-related health complications was recently obtained by a team led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research. The finding supports complementary therapies to antiretroviral drugs to significantly slow HIV progression.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-May-2014
PLOS ONE
MicroRNA that could be used to suppress prostate cancer progression found
About one in seven men will develop prostate cancer over the course of a lifetime, and about one in 36 men will die from it. This is why findings by Cincinnati Cancer Center researchers, showing that a tumor suppressive microRNA, when activated by an anti-estrogen drug, could contribute to development of future targeted therapies, are important.
Hong Kong University, Chinese University of Hong Kong, NIH/National Cancer Institute, VA, AstraZeneca

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 16-May-2014
Human Reproduction
Male infertility linked to mortality in study led by Stanford researcher
Men who are infertile because of defects in their semen appear to be at increased risk of dying sooner than men with normal semen, according to a study led by a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Men with two or more abnormalities in their semen were more than twice as likely to die over a roughly eight-year period as men who had normal semen, the study found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-May-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Water pipe smoking causes significant exposure to nicotine and cancer-causing agents
Young adults who smoked water pipes in hookah bars had elevated levels of nicotine, cotinine, tobacco-related cancer-causing agents, and volatile organic compounds in their urine, and this may increase their risk for cancer and other chronic diseases, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program

Contact: Jeremy Moore
jeremy.moore@aacr.org
215-446-7109
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Diabetes
Mothers' sleep, late in pregnancy, affects offspring's weight gain as adults
Poor-quality sleep during the third trimester of pregnancy can increase the odds of weight gain and metabolic abnormalities in offspring once they reach adulthood. The effects, caused by epigenetic modifications, impose lasting consequences on the next generation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 15-May-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
'Physician partners' free doctors to focus on patients, not paperwork
Primary care doctors now spend so much time on clerical duties such as entering data into patient records that their time with patients is severely curtailed. A new UCLA study suggests that 'physician partners,' whose role would be to work on those time consuming administrative tasks, can free up physicians' time so that they can focus more of their attention on their patients, leading to greater patient satisfaction with their care.
University of California - Los Angeles Claude Pepper Older Americans Independence Center, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero10@netscape.net
310-597-5768
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Marijuana use involved in more fatal accidents in Colorado
The proportion of marijuana-positive drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes in Colorado has increased dramatically since the commercialization of medical marijuana in the middle of 2009, according to a study by University of Colorado School of Medicine researchers.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Mark Couch
mark.couch@ucdenver.edu
303-724-5377
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Penn Vet study reveals Salmonella's hideout strategy
A study led by researchers in the University of Pennsylvania's School of Veterinary Medicine reveals how some Salmonella bacteria hide from the immune system, allowing them to persist and cause systemic infection.
National Institutes of Health, University Research Foundation, McCabe Fund

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-May-2014
National Institutes of Health funding to help expand data storage capacity at UC Riverside
The University of California, Riverside, has received funding of $600,000 from the National Institutes of Health to support data-intensive research -- also often called Big Data science. The grant will make possible the purchase of a complex instrument: a Big Data cluster with high-performance CPU resources and data storage space equivalent to 5,000 modern laptops. Big Data has been identified as a contributor to the growth of the US economy over the next few decades.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Substance Abuse
Anti-craving drug and counseling lower alcohol harm in homeless, without sobriety demands
Abstinence-based treatment has not been effective for many homeless people with alcohol dependence. They might benefit from an intervention that does not require them to stop or reduce drinking, according a preliminary Seattle study. Participants received monthly injections of an anti-craving medication, extended-release naltrexone. They met regularly with physicians to set their own treatment goals and to learn to be safer in their alcohol use. Early findings suggest this approach may reduce alcohol-related problems.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Detailed studies reveal how key cancer-fighting protein is held in check
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have mapped the structural details of how p53 attaches to its regulatory protein, called BCL-xL, in the cell. The protein p53 is a key activator of the cell's protective machinery against genetic damage, such as the mutations that drive cancer cells' explosive growth.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Summer Freeman
summer.freeman@stjude.org
901-595-3061
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Psychological Science
Mothers' symptoms of depression predict how they respond to child behavior
Depressive symptoms seem to focus mothers' responses on minimizing their own distress, which may come at the expense of focusing on the impact their responses have on their children, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The color of blood: Pigment helps stage symbiosis in squid
The relationship between the Hawaiian bobtail squid and the bacterium Vibrio fischeri is well chronicled, but writing in the current issue of the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, a group led by University of Wisconsin-Madison microbiologists Margaret McFall-Ngai, Edward Ruby and their colleagues adds a new wrinkle to the story.
Marie Curie Actions, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Margaret McFall-Ngai
mjmcfallngai@wisc.edu
608-262-2393
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Effects of alcohol in young binge drinkers predicts future alcoholism
Heavy social drinkers who report greater stimulation and reward from alcohol are more likely to develop alcohol use disorder over time, report researchers from the University of Chicago, May 15 in the journal Biological Psychiatry. The findings run counter to existing hypotheses that innate tolerance to alcohol drives alcoholism.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Immunity
'Bystander' chronic infections thwart development of immune cell memory
Studies of vaccine programs in the developing world have revealed that individuals with chronic infections such as malaria and hepatitis tend to be less likely to develop the fullest possible immunity benefits from vaccines for unrelated illnesses. Researchers have found that chronic bystander viral or parasitic infections impaired the development of memory T cells in mouse models of long-term infection and in immune cells of people chronic hepatitis C infection.
NIH/National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Combination therapy a potential strategy for treating Niemann Pick disease
Whitehead Institute researchers have identified a potential dual-pronged approach to treating Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease, a rare but devastating genetic disorder. By studying nerve and liver cells grown from NPC patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), the scientists determined that although cholesterol does accumulate abnormally in the cells of NPC patients, a more significant problem may be defective autophagy -- a basic cellular function that degrades and recycles unneeded or faulty molecules, components, or organelles in a cell.
National Niemann-Pick Disease Foundation, University of Cambridge, National Institutes of Health, Skoltech Center

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
rura@wi.mit.edu
617-258-6851
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
Older migraine sufferers may have more silent brain injury
Older migraine sufferers may be more likely to have silent brain injury. Ischemic silent brain infarctions are symptomless brain injuries and are a risk factor for future strokes. Researchers suggest people who have both migraines and vascular risk factors pay close attention to lifestyle factors that can reduce their chance of stroke.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke

Contact: Karen Astle
karen.astle@heart.org
214-706-1392
American Heart Association

Public Release: 15-May-2014
PLOS ONE
New tool to grow cancer cells streamlines laboratory research
A new technique that allows the growth of both normal and cancer cells and keeps them alive indefinitely is transforming and expediting basic cancer research. 'We've had a glimpse of how these cells can provide an amazing advance in human cancer clinical research in preliminary work, and now we demonstrate how incredibly useful they are in laboratory cancer research,' says the lead researcher.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-May-2014
PLOS Genetics
Complex interactions may matter most for longevity
A new study of the biology of aging shows that complex interactions among diet, mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA appear to influence lifespan at least as much as single factors alone. The findings may help scientists better understand the underlying mechanisms of aging and explain why studies of single factors sometimes produce contradictory results.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of Visualized Experiments
SapC-DOPS technology may help with imaging brain tumors, research shows
The Cincinnati Cancer Center and University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute research studies published in an April online issue of the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and a May issue of the Journal of Visualized Experiments reveal possibly new ways to image glioblastoma multiforme tumors -- a form of brain tumor -- using the SapC-DOPS technology.
Mayfield Education and Research Foundation, New Drug State Key Project, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of American College of Cardiology
Research shows hope for normal heart function in children with fatal heart disease
After two decades of arduous research, a National Institutes of Health-funded investigator at the Children's Hospital of Michigan at the Detroit Medical Center and the Wayne State University School of Medicine has published a new study showing that many children with an often fatal type of heart disease can recover 'normal size and function' of damaged sections of their hearts.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Neuron
Researchers ID changes that may occur in neural circuits due to cocaine addiction
This is the first study to demonstrate the critical links between the levels of the trafficking protein, the potassium channels' effect on neuronal activity and a mouse's response to cocaine. Results from the study are published in the peer-reviewed journal Neuron earlier this month.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Salk Institute, Chapman Foundation

Contact: Sid Dinsay
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Hitting a moving target
A vaccine or other therapy directed at a single site on a surface protein of HIV could in principle neutralize nearly all strains of the virus -- thanks to the diversity of targets the site presents to the human immune system.
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health, Gates Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Scientists investigate the role of the 'silent killer' inside deep-diving animals
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and Sonoma State University have furthered science's understanding of carbon monoxide's natural characteristics and limitations by studying the gas in one of the world's best divers: the elephant seal.
Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Can anti-depressants help prevent Alzheimer's disease?
A University of Pennsylvania researcher has discovered that the common selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram arrested the growth of amyloid beta, a peptide in the brain that clusters in plaques that are thought to trigger the development of Alzheimer's disease. Penn, in collaboration with investigators at Washington University, tested the drug's effects on the brain interstitial fluid in plaque-bearing mice and the cerebrospinal fluid of healthy human subjects.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5660
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Showing releases 3201-3225 out of 3612.

<< < 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 > >>

     
   

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