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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3201-3225 out of 3461.

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Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
NIH expands Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units
A nationwide group of institutions that conducts clinical trials of promising candidate vaccines and therapies for infectious diseases, known as the Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units, has been awarded nine contracts to strengthen and broaden the scope of its research. Group Health Research Institute is one of these institutions.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Findings: How viral infection disrupts neural development in offspring, increasing risk of autism
Activating a mother's immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and damages the cells' ability to transmit signals and communicate with one another, researchers with the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Neurology have found.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Scripps Florida scientists develop a more effective molecular modeling process
A new method to produce accurate computer models of molecules, developed by scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute, combines existing formulas in a kind of algorithmic stew to gain a better picture of molecular structural diversity that is then used to eliminate errors and improve the final model.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
High-tech brain imaging seeks to unlock secrets of a genetic disease
A new grant funds state-of-the-art brain imaging research into the genetic disease mucopolysaccharidosis.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New gut bacterium discovered in termite's digestion of wood
When termites munch on wood, the small bits feed a community of microbes living in their guts. In a process called acetogenesis, some of these microbes turn the hard, fibrous material into a nutritious meal for the termite host. Researchers from the California Institute of Technology have now discovered a previously unidentified bacterium -- living on the surface of a larger microorganism in the gut -- that may be responsible for most gut acetogenesis.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
NIH renews funding for University of Maryland vaccine research
The University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Vaccine Development in Baltimore has won renewal of a contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to conduct basic and clinical vaccine research.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Bill Seiler
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scripps research institute scientists discover important wound-healing process
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered an important process by which special immune cells in the skin help heal wounds. They found that these skin-resident immune cells function as "first responders" to skin injuries in part by producing the molecule known as interleukin-17A, which wards off infection and promotes wound healing.
National Institutes of Health, Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft, Arbeitskreis Dermatologische Forschung

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Albert Einstein Cancer Center begins 40th year of continuous NIH support with $17 million grant
For the past four decades, scientists and clinicians at Albert Einstein Cancer Center (AECC) have made major contributions to research on many aspects of the cancer problem. With the recent renewal of the center's $16.7 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, AECC members will continue to investigate the underlying causes of cancer and new approaches to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
American Educational Research Journal
School outreach program may reduce African-American student mobility
Outreach programs that build relationships between families and schools may reduce the number of students who change schools for reasons other than grade promotion, according to a new study from researchers at Rice University, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Columbia University.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Study finds steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected
Certain anabolic steroids and pharmaceutical products last far longer in the environment than previously known, according to a new study led by the University of Iowa. The researchers found that the steroid trenbolone acetate, along with some other pharmaceutical products, never fully degrade in the environment, and in fact can partially regenerate themselves. Results published online in the journal Science.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Nature Medicine
UTSW study unlocks origin of brown fat cells important in weight maintenance
In ongoing research aimed at battling obesity, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have deciphered how new fat cells are formed in energy-storing fat pads.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Cell Reports
Made to order at the synapse: Dynamics of protein synthesis at neuron tip
Protein synthesis in nerve cell dendrites underlies long-term memory formation in the brain, among other functions. Knowing how proteins are made to order at the synapse can help researchers better understand how memories are made. RNA translation is dictated by translational hotspots, where translation is occurring in a ribosome at any one time in a discrete spot.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Ellison Foundation, National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders, Swedish Research Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Key cellular mechanism in the body's 'battery' can either spur or stop obesity
Becoming obese or remaining lean can depend on the dynamics of the mitochondria, the body's energy-producing "battery," according to two new studies by Yale School of Medicine researchers featured as the cover story in the Sept. 26 issue of the journal Cell.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, Helmholtz Society

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Bone hormone influences brain development and cognition
Researchers have found that the skeleton, acting through the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin, exerts a powerful influence on prenatal brain development and cognitive functions such as learning, memory, anxiety, and depression in adult mice. Findings from the mouse study could lead to new approaches to the prevention and treatment of neurologic disorders. The study was published today in the online edition of Cell.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Sanofi Aventis, Human Frontier Scientific Program, Director's Pioneer Award

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Pan-cancer studies find common patterns shared by different tumor types
Molecular analysis now shows that cancers of different organs have many shared features, while cancers from the same organ or tissue are often quite distinct. The Pan-Cancer Initiative, a major effort to analyze the molecular aberrations in cancer cells across a range of tumor types, has yielded an abundance of new findings.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
A genetic map for complex diseases
University of Chicago scientists have created one of the most expansive analyses to date of the genetic factors at play in complex diseases such as autism and heart disease by using diseases with known genetic causes to guide them. Identifying trends of co-occurrence among hundreds of diseases in 120 million patients, they created a unique genetic map that has the potential to help diagnose, identify risk factors for and someday develop therapies against complex diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Infection and Immunity
Researchers develop model to study human response to infections that cause peptic ulcers
Virginia Tech esearchers have developed a model that helps scientists and clinicians understand that complex interactions of a type of bacteria that is the leading cause of peptic ulcers. The discovery may inform changes in the ways doctors treat patients. An estimated 4 million Americans have peptic ulcers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tiffany Trent
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Cancer Research
New approach to treating human brain cancer could lead to improved outcomes
A new approach to treating medulloblastoma has been developed by researchers at Sanford-Burnham. The method targets cancer stem cells--the cells that are critical for maintaining tumor growth--and halts their ability to proliferate by inhibiting enzymes that are essential for tumor progression. The process destroys the ability of the cancer cells to grow and divide, paving the way for a new type of treatment for patients with this disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for Neurological Diseases and Stroke

Contact: Susan Gammon, Ph.D.
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Wayne State receives $1.57 million grant to develop enhanced radiation therapy training
With the help of a five-year, $1.57 million grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health, researchers at Wayne State University aim to develop an innovative and advanced education program integrating radiobiology with radiation physics for all oncologists.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers use nanoparticles to deliver vaccines to lungs
Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Indiana University study shines new light on consequences of preterm births
A new study by Indiana University Bloomington researchers confirms the strong link between preterm birth and the risk of infant and young adult death, autism and ADHD. But it also suggests that other threats that have been closely tied to the issue, such as severe mental illness, learning problems, suicide and economic woes, may instead be more closely related to other conditions that family members share.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
Indiana University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Flame retardants in blood drop after state ban
A class of flame retardants that has been linked to learning difficulties in children has rapidly declined in pregnant women's blood since the chemicals were banned in California a decade ago, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Passport Foundation Science Innovation Fund, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
How the gut got its villi
The principles guiding the growth of intestinal structures called villi are surprisingly similar across chickens, frogs, mice, and snakes. The wrinkling of the inner gut, the researchers found, is intimately linked to the stages of muscle layer differentiation, which produce a series of different physical stresses.
National Institutes of Health, MacArthur Foundation, Academy of Finland

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Clinical Cancer Research
MicroRNA-31 might predict lung-cancer spread
A new study suggests that measuring levels of miR-31 in tumor tissue might accurately determine whether the most common form of lung cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. The findings could lead to improvements in the ability of doctors to stage and treat certain patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
2013 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Heart Failure Society of America
Living better with heart failure by changing what you eat
Just 21 days of following a low-sodium DASH diet lowered blood pressure and improved heart function for older adults living with a common type of heart failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 3201-3225 out of 3461.

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