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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3672.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

Public Release: 15-Jun-2014
American Diabetes Association's 74th Scientific Sessions
New England Journal of Medicine
Bionic pancreas controls blood sugar levels in adults, adolescents with type 1 diabetes
The latest version of a bionic pancreas device has been successfully tested in two five-day clinical trials -- one in adults, the other in adolescents -- that imposed minimal restrictions on patient activities.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Disease, Helmsley Trust, Charlton Fund for Innovative Diabetes Research

Contact: Kory Dodd Zhao
kzhao2@partners.org
617-726-0274
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 14-Jun-2014
American Diabetes Association's 74th Scientific Sessions
Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes
Improving the overall quality of one's diet helps to prevent type 2 diabetes, independent of other lifestyle changes, according to a study presented at the American Diabetes Association's 74th Scientific Sessions.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Madison Trimble
mtrimble@diabetes.org
703-549-1500 x2139
American Diabetes Association

Public Release: 13-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Bacteria evade the human immune system with a burst of mutations during initial infection
Bacteria that cause ulcers launch a burst of mutations during the initial stages of infection, allowing them to evade the human immune system, new research reveals. The study shows, for the first time, and in real-time, the interplay between the human immune system and invading bacteria that allows the bacteria to counter the immune response by quickly evolving.
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, University of Western Australia, Ondek, Penn State University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Jun-2014
UTMB to participate in $30 million national study to prevent falls in older people
Each year, 1 out of 3 adults 65 and older will fall, sustaining injuries that can lead to a precipitous decline in health, loss of independence, even death. Seeking new ways to address the personal and public health burden of these falls, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston is participating, along with nine other clinical health system sites across the country, in a clinical trial to test individually tailored interventions for preventing fall-related injuries.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute

Contact: Molly Dannenmaier
mjdannen@utmb.edu
409-772-8790
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 13-Jun-2014
Genetics in Medicine
Moffitt study shows utilizing genetic health care professional reduces unnecessary testing
A new Moffitt Cancer Center study published Thursday in Genetics in Medicine shows that counseling from a genetic health care provider before genetic testing educates patients and may help reduce unnecessary procedures.
Bankhead-Coley Cancer Research Program, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kimberly Polacek
Kim.Polacek@moffitt.org
813-745-7408
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 13-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Rescue of Alzheimer's memory deficit achieved by reducing 'excessive inhibition'
A new drug target to fight Alzheimer's disease has been discovered by a research team at Penn State University that also has potential for development as a novel diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's disease. The research also suggests that an ultimate successful therapy may be a cocktail of compounds acting on several drug targets simultaneously.
National Institutes of Health, Penn State University

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Human Molecular Genetics
Severe scoliosis linked to rare mutations
Children with rare mutations in two genes are about four times more likely to develop severe scoliosis than their peers with normal versions of the genes, scientists have found.
Shriners Hospital for Children, Children's Discovery Institute of Washington University, St. Louis Children's Hospital, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
purdym@wustl.edu
314-286-0122
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Grant to entomologist will advance research on African malaria mosquito
Bradley White, an entomologist at the University of California, Riverside, has received a five-year grant exceeding $1.8 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The grant will allow his lab to produce fine-scale recombination rate maps for the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae. At 31, White is one of the youngest NIH R01 principal investigators in the country (well less than 1 percent of NIH principal investigators are 31 or younger).
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Imaging tools help radiologists diagnose lung cancer, save lives
Medical-imaging software under development at Rochester Institute of Technology could someday give radiologists a tool for measuring the growth of nodules in patients at risk of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
Neural reward response may demonstrate why quitting smoking is harder for some
For some cigarette smokers, strategies to aid quitting work well, while for many others no method seems to work. Researchers have now identified an aspect of brain activity that helps to predict the effectiveness of a reward-based strategy as motivation to quit smoking.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Pediatrics
Delinquent youth -- especially girls -- more likely to die violently as adults
Delinquency in youth predicts a significantly higher rate of violent death in adulthood -- nearly twice the rate of combat troops in wartime Iraq and Afghanistan. Delinquent females -- among the most vulnerable -- died violently at nearly five times the rate of those in the general population, while delinquent males died at three times the rate. This is the first large-scale study to look at death rates in delinquent females and adds new data on Hispanics.
National Institutes of Health, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Current Biology
Protein anchors help keep embryonic development 'just right'
It's been known that specific proteins, called histones, must exist within a certain range -- if there are too few, a fruit fly's DNA is damaged; if there are too many, the cell dies. Now research out of the University of Rochester shows that different types of histone proteins also need to exist in specific proportions. The work further shows that cellular storage facilities keep over-produced histones in reserve until they are needed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Iglinski
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-273-4726
University of Rochester

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Findings point toward one of first therapies for Lou Gehrig's disease
Researchers have determined that a copper compound known for decades may form the basis for a therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease. In humans, prior to this, no therapy for ALS has ever been discovered that could extend lifespan more than a few additional months.
National Institutes of Health, Linus Pauling Institute, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Joseph Beckman
joe.beckman@oregonstate.edu
541-737-8867
Oregon State University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Neurogastroenterology & Motility
Heart rate variability may predict risk of disease in premature infants
Measuring variability of heart rate may identify premature infants at risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis, a serious inflammatory condition that can lead to death, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health, Children's Miracle Network, Johnson & Johnson Health Behaviors, Quality of Life

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
NeuroImage
When good people do bad things
MIT researchers find that being in a group makes some people lose touch with their personal moral beliefs.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development , Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Packard Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Journal of Immunology
Proliferation cues 'natural killer' cells for job change
Why would already abundant 'natural killer' cells proliferate even further after subduing an infection? It's been a biological mystery for 30 years. But now Brown University scientists have an answer: After proliferation, the cells switch from marshaling the immune response to calming it down. The findings illuminate the functions of a critical immune system cell important for early defense against disease induced by viral infection.
National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Education

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Neuron
Synchronized brain waves enable rapid learning
The human mind can rapidly absorb and analyze new information as it flits from thought to thought. These quickly changing brain states may be encoded by synchronization of brain waves across different brain regions, according to a new study from MIT neuroscientists.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association
Brain power
Columbia Engineering Professor Elizabeth M. C. Hillman has identified a new component of the biological mechanism that controls blood flow in the brain, demonstrating that the vascular endothelium plays a critical role in the regulation of blood flow in response to stimulation in the living brain. Understanding how and why the brain regulates its blood flow could provide important clues to understanding early brain development, disease, and aging.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Childhood cancer survivors hospitalized frequently years after cancer treatment
Survivors of childhood cancers were hospitalized more often and for longer durations because of blood disorders and other problems, many years after cancer treatment was completed, compared with the general population, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Foundation, Utah Cancer Registry, Primary Children's Medical Foundation Award

Contact: Lauren Riley
lauren.riley@aacr.org
215-446-7155
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Immunity
Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein
By boosting a protein that naturally exists in our cells, an international team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC CancerCenter, has found a potential way to enhance our ability to sense and inhibit viral infections. The laboratory-based discovery, which could lead to more effective treatments for viruses ranging from hepatitis C to the flu, appears in the June 19 issue of the journal Immunity.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
Penn study describes new models for testing Parkinson's disease immune-based drugs
Using powerful, newly developed cell culture and mouse models of sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD), a team of researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has demonstrated that immunotherapy with specifically targeted antibodies may block the development and spread of PD pathology in the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Michael J. Fox Foundation, Keefer Family, Parkinson Council

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Science
Broad Institute, MGH researchers chart cellular complexity of brain tumors
Scientists from the Broad Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital have conducted a first-of-its-kind study that characterizes the cellular diversity within glioblastoma tumors from patients. The study, which looked at the expression of thousands of genes in individual cells from patient tumors, revealed that the cellular makeup of each tumor is more heterogeneous than previously suspected. The findings, which appear online in Science Express, will help guide future investigations into potential treatments for this devastating disease.
Klarman Family Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and others

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Blood
Cancer drug boosts levels of vascular-protective gene, KLF2
Case Western Reserve University researchers have discovered that an existing, drug, bortezomib, Velcade, used to help cancer patients has the potential to protect thousands of others from the often-deadly impact of vascular clots. As hematologist Lalitha Nayak, M.D., an assistant professor of medicine, reports in the June 12 edition of the journal Blood, the anti-thrombotic effects of bortezomib are determined by KLF2, part of a family of Kruppel-like factors -- master regulators of vascular health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Child Development
Toddlers whose parents use subsidies to buy center-based care more likely to enroll in Head Start
Using nationally representative data on approximately 2,100 children, a study by researchers from Georgetown University and Columbia University has found that children of parents who use subsidies to purchase center-based care in the toddler years are more likely to be enrolled in Head Start or public prekindergarten in their preschool years. The study highlights one previously unconsidered benefit of a federally funded subsidy program that serves nearly 2 million American children each month.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Child Development
New study sheds light on what happens to 'cool' kids
A new study has found that teens who tried to act cool in early adolescence were more likely to experience a range of problems in early adulthood. Teens needed more and more extreme behaviors to appear cool, eventually engaging in serious criminal behaviors in addition to alcohol and drug use. By young adulthood, they were found to be less competent overall than their less 'cool' peers. Teens were followed from age 13 to age 23.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3672.

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