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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3570.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Developmental Science
Are you smarter than a 5-year-old? Preschoolers can do algebra
Most preschoolers and kindergarteners, or children between four and six, can do basic algebra naturally using their Approximate Number System.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Reports
Study identifies gene important to breast development and breast cancer
A new study in Cell Reports identifies a gene important to breast development and breast cancer, providing a potential new target for drug therapies to treat aggressive types of breast cancer.
The Breast Cancer Research Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Misplaced protein causes heart failure
University of Iowa researchers found that decreasing the density of microtubules inside heart muscle cells prevents the abnormal localization of a critical protein called junctophilin 2 (JP2), and protects mice from heart failure. Conversely, increasing microtubule density causes abnormal localization of JP2, which leads to loss of normal heart cell function and ultimately heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Transplantation
Transplanted human umbilical cord blood cells improved heart function in rat model of MI
When human umbilical cord blood cells were transplanted into rats with simulated myocardial infarction, researchers investigating the long term effects of transplantation found left ventricular heart function and myocardial fiber structure in the treated rats improved over those not treated with stem cells. The study suggests that UCBCs could be a potential therapy with long term benefits for those suffering MI because preservation of the myocardial fiber structure is a step towards an effective therapy.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Cell Metabolism
Researchers identify a critical link between obesity and diabetes
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center scientists explain how a molecule associated with obesity triggers events that lead to increased risk of diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, JPB Foundation, Harvard Training Program in Nutrition and Metabolism

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
E-cigarettes: Gateway to nicotine addiction for US teens, says UCSF study
E-cigarettes, promoted as a way to quit regular cigarettes, may actually be a new route to conventional smoking and nicotine addiction for teenagers, according to a new UC San Francisco study.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Scientists create detailed picture of protein linked to learning, pain and brain disorders
Researchers at the Scripps Research Institute and Vanderbilt University have created the most detailed 3-D picture yet of a membrane protein that is linked to learning, memory, anxiety, pain and brain disorders such as schizophrenia, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and autism.
National Institutes of Health, International Rett Syndrome Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Establishing standards where none exist; Harvard researchers define 'good' stem cells
A research team lead by Kevin Kit Parker, a Harvard Stem Cell Institute principal faculty member has identified a set of 64 crucial parameters from more than 1,000 by which to judge stem cell-derived cardiac myocytes, making it possible for perhaps the first time for scientists and pharmaceutical companies to quantitatively judge and compare the value of the countless commercially available lines of stem cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: B.D. Colen
Harvard University

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Child Development
Head Start more beneficial for children whose parents provide less early academic stimulation
A new study finds that one year of Head Start can make a bigger difference for children from homes where parents provide less early academic stimulation. The study analyzed data from the Head Start Impact Study, a nationally representative sample of nearly 5,000 3- and 4-year-olds. The study suggests that working with parents to increase what they do at home may be an important way Head Start can improve children's readiness for school.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute on Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Child Development
Iron deficiency important to assess in children adopted from institutional settings
A new longitudinal study finds that children who spent more time in institutional settings (like orphanages) prior to adoption, and had more severe iron deficiency at the time of adoption, were more likely to have lower IQs and poorer higher-order thinking skills a year later. The study -- which followed children adopted into US families from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Asia -- suggests that iron supplements and cognitive interventions could be helpful in counteracting these effects.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Atypical development in the siblings of children with autism is detectable at 12 months
Atypical development can be detected as early as 12 months of age among the siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder, a study published by researchers with the University of California Davis MIND Institute and University of California Los Angeles has found.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Cell Reports
Researchers find potential target for drug to treat allergic asthma
An enzyme that helps maintain immune system function by 'throwing away' a specific protein has a vital role in controlling symptoms of allergic asthma, new research in mice suggests. The finding suggests that this enzyme, called Cbl-b, could be a target for drugs used to treat allergic asthma and other autoimmune disorders.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Jian Zhang
Ohio State University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Penn team finds a new structure in dogs' eye linked to blinding retinal diseases
University of Pennsylvania vision scientists report that dogs have an area of their retina that strongly resembles the human fovea. What's more, this retinal region is susceptible to genetic blinding diseases in dogs just as it is in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Fighting Blindness, Macula Vision Research Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Genome Biology
An inventive new way to profile immune cells in blood
The specific proportions of immune cells in a blood sample form a profile that can indicate disease or exposure to a toxicant. A new epigenetic technique described in Genome Biology provides a reliable way to detect such profiles, even in archived blood where whole cells may no longer be intact.
National Institutes of Health, Johnson & Johnson Corporate Office of Science and Technology

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
UTMB collaborates on program targeting potential bioterrorist pathogens Ebola and Marburg
The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Profectus Biosciences, Tekmira Pharmaceuticals and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center have been awarded up to $26 million to advance treatments of the highly lethal hemorrhagic fever viruses Ebola and Marburg.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Raul Reyes
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Calcium and vitamin D improve cholesterol in postmenopausal women
Calcium and vitamin D supplements after menopause can improve women's cholesterol profiles. And much of that effect is tied to raising vitamin D levels, finds a new study from the Women's Health Initiative just published online in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Researchers identify key enzyme found in bacteria responsible for heart valve disease
A disease-causing bacterium found in the mouth needs manganese, a trace mineral, in order to cause a serious heart infection, according to a preclinical study led by researchers at VCU Philips Institute for Oral Health Research in the School of Dentistry.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sathya Achia Abraham
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New molecules doom proteins with kiss of death
Like mobsters following strict orders, newly engineered molecules called 'ubiquibodies' can mark specific proteins inside a cell for destruction. It's a molecular kiss of death developed at Cornell University that is paving the way for new drug therapies and powerful research tools.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Development and Psychopathology
Experiential avoidance increases PTSD risk following child maltreatment
Child abuse is a reliable predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder, but not all maltreated children suffer from it, according to Chad Shenk, assistant professor of human development and family studies, Penn State, who examined why some maltreated children develop PTSD and some do not.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
ALS-linked gene causes disease by changing genetic material's shape
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have found one way that a recently discovered genetic mutation might cause two nasty nervous system diseases. While the affected gene may build up toxic RNA and not make enough protein, the researchers report in Nature that the root of the problem seems to be snarls of defective genetic material created at the mutation site.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Robert Packard Center for ALS Research, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Target ALS, and others

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Younger men benefit most from surgery for localized prostate cancer
New study finds a substantial long-term reduction in mortality for men with localized cancer who undergo a radical prostatectomy.
Swedish Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, Karolinska Institutet, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Percy Falk Foundation

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Similarity breeds proximity in memory, NYU researchers find
Researchers at New York University have identified the nature of brain activity that allows us to bridge time in our memories. Their findings offer new insights into the temporal nature of how we store our recollections and may offer a pathway for addressing memory-related afflictions.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Gene therapy locks out HIV, paving the way to control virus without antiretroviral drug
University of Pennsylvania researchers have successfully genetically engineered the immune cells of 12 HIV positive patients to resist infection, and decreased the viral loads of some patients taken off antiretroviral drug therapy entirely -- including one patient whose levels became undetectable.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Penn CFAR, Sangamo

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Brain circuits multitask to detect, discriminate the outside world
A new study found that neural circuits in the brain rapidly multitask between detecting and discriminating sensory input, such as car headlights in the distance. That's different from how electronic circuits work, where one circuit performs a very specific task. The brain, the study found, is wired in way that allows a single pathway to perform multiple tasks.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
Cell Metabolism
Cholesterol study suggests new diagnostic, treatment approach for prostate cancer
Researchers have discovered a link between prostate cancer aggressiveness and the accumulation of a compound produced when cholesterol is metabolized in cells, findings that could bring new diagnostic and treatment methods. Findings also suggest that a class of drugs previously developed to treat atherosclerosis might be repurposed for treatment of advanced prostate cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3570.

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