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Department of Health and Human Services

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Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3607.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
Recycling a patient's lost blood during surgery better than using banked blood
Patients whose own red blood cells are recycled and given back to them during heart surgery have healthier blood cells better able to carry oxygen where it is most needed compared to those who get transfusions of blood stored in a blood bank, according to results of a small study at Johns Hopkins.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Neuron
Small mutation changes brain freeze to hot foot
Duke scientists have found a point mutation that alters one protein sufficiently to turn a cold-sensitive receptor into one that senses heat. Understanding sensation and pain at this level could lead to more specific pain relievers that wouldn't affect the central nervous system, likely producing less severe side effects than existing medications.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Current Biology
Oregon researchers capture handoff of tracked object between brain hemispheres
When tracking a moving object, the two halves of the human brain operate much like runners successfully passing a baton during a relay race, according to a University of Oregon researcher. For a study now online ahead of print in Current Biology, researchers used EEG measurements in healthy young adults to see how information about the movement of an attended object from one brain hemisphere to the other.
National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research, National Geospatial Agency

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Experimental antibody shows early promise for treatment of childhood tumor
Tumors shrank or disappeared and disease progression was temporarily halted in 15 children with advanced neuroblastoma enrolled in a safety study of an experimental antibody produced at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
National Institutes of Health, St. Baldrick's Foundation, ALSAC, and others

Contact: Summer Freeman
summer.freeman@stjude.org
901-595-3061
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 8-May-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Ending the perfect storm: Protein key to beating flu pandemics
A protein called SOCS4 has been shown to act as a handbrake on the immune system's runaway reaction to flu infection, providing a possible means of minimizing the impact of flu pandemics.
National Health and Medical Research Council, National Institutes of Health, Victorian Government

Contact: Alan Gill
gill.a@wehi.edu.au
61-393-452-719
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Nature Communications
Bioprinting a 3D liver-like device to detoxify the blood
Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a 3-D-printed device inspired by the liver to remove dangerous toxins from the blood. The device, which is designed to be used outside the body -- much like dialysis -- uses nanoparticles to trap pore-forming toxins that can damage cellular membranes and are a key factor in illnesses that result from animal bites and stings, and bacterial infections. Their findings were published May 8 in the journal Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
chockmuth@ucsd.edu
858-822-1359
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Immunity
Immune cells found to fuel colon cancer stem cells
A subset of immune cells directly target colon cancers, rather than the immune system, giving the cells the aggressive properties of cancer stem cells, a new study finds.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Mouse study offers new clues to cognitive decline
New research suggests that certain types of brain cells may be 'picky eaters,' seeming to prefer one specific energy source over others. The finding has implications for understanding the cognitive decline seen in aging and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and multiple sclerosis.
National Institutes of Health, Hope Center for Neurological Disorders

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
Listening to bipolar disorder: Smartphone app detects mood swings via voice analysis
A smartphone app that monitors subtle qualities of a person's voice during everyday phone conversations shows promise for detecting early signs of mood changes in people with bipolar disorder, a University of Michigan team reports. While the app still needs much testing before widespread use, early results from a small group of patients show its potential to monitor moods while protecting privacy.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Cell Metabolism
Penn yeast study identifies novel longevity pathway
A Penn study identifies a new molecular circuit that controls longevity in yeast and more complex organisms and suggests a therapeutic intervention that could mimic the lifespan-enhancing effect of caloric restriction, no dietary restrictions necessary.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Cell Reports
Better cognition seen with gene variant carried by 1 in 5
A scientific team led by the Gladstone Institutes and UC San Francisco has discovered that a common form of a gene already associated with long life also improves learning and memory, a finding that could have implications for treating age-related diseases like Alzheimer's.
Coulter-Weeks Foundation, SD Bechtel Jr. Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MetLife Foundation, and others

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Public Health Policy
Improving air quality in NYC would boost children's future earnings
Reducing air pollution in New York City would result in substantial economic gains for children as a result of increasing their IQs. The study is the first to estimate the costs of IQ loss associated with exposure to air pollution, and is based on prior research on prenatal exposure to air pollutants among low-income children by Frederica Perera, Ph.D., lead author of the current study, and colleagues at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, John and Wendy Neu Family Foundation, Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Fund, New York Community Trust

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Genome Research
New genomics technique could improve treatment and control of Malaria
Single-cell genomics could provide new insight into the biology of Malaria parasites, including their virulence and levels of drug resistance, to ultimately improve treatment and control of the disease, according to new research funded by the Wellcome Trust and the National Institutes of Health.
Wellcome Trust, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Meera Senthilingam
m.senthilingam@wellcome.ac.uk
020-861-17329
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Adults with autism virtually learn how to get the job
Adults with autism spectrum disorder, who may have trouble talking about themselves and interacting socially, don't always make good impressions in job interviews and have low employment rates. A new human simulation training program, now available to the public, helps adults with autism improve their job interview skills and confidence, reports a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Cell
Humans may benefit from new insights into polar bear's adaptation to high-fat diet
The polar bear diverged from the brown bear, or grizzly, as recently as several hundred thousand years ago, according to a genome comparison by American, Chinese and Danish researchers. They pinpointed genes that underwent extreme selection over time, specifically genes that deal with fat metabolism and apparently allowed the bear to adapt to a diet unusually high in fat. These genes could provide clues to help humans deal with health problems caused by high-fat diets.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Cell
Spurt of heart muscle cell division seen in mice well after birth
The entire heart muscle in young children may be capable of regeneration. In young mice 15 days old, cardiac muscle cells undergo a precisely timed spurt of cell division lasting around a day. This previously unobserved phenomenon contradicts the long-held idea that cardiac muscle cells do not divide after the first few days of life.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Genome Research
Single cell genome sequencing of malaria parasites
A new method for isolating and genome sequencing an individual malaria parasite cell has been developed by Texas Biomed researchers and their colleagues.
Texas Biomedical Forum, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Dublin
jdublin@dublinandassociates.com
210-227-0221
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 8-May-2014
PLOS Genetics
Exact outline of melanoma could lead to new diagnostic tools, therapies
Researchers have identified a specific biochemical process that can cause normal and healthy skin cells to transform into cancerous melanoma cells, which should help predict melanoma vulnerability and could also lead to future therapies. They discovered in this situation that the immune system is getting thrown into reverse, helping to cause cancer instead of preventing it.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Arup Indra
arup.indra@oregonstate.edu
541-737-5775
Oregon State University

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Obstetrics & Gynecology
New care approach eases depression among women
Women who received collaborative care for depression at an obstetrics and gynecology clinic showed fewer symptoms after treatment than women receiving usual depression care in the same setting, University of Washington research found. In this model, the patient's physician, a mental health professional, and a depression manager work together with the patient. The collaborative approach comprises counseling, greater patient engagement, and more frequent followup than is typical of mental health care at specialty clinics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: McKenna Princing
mckennap@uw.edu
206-221-9394
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Neurology
Cedars-Sinai study: Common drug restores blood flow in deadly form of muscular dystrophy
Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute researchers have found that a commonly prescribed drug restores blood flow to oxygen-starved muscles of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a genetic muscle-wasting disease that rarely is seen in girls but affects one in 3,500 male babies, profoundly shortening life expectancy. It is the most common fatal disease that affects children.
Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences UCLA CTSI, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Sally Stewart
sally.stewart@cshs.org
310-248-6566
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 7-May-2014
UTMB awarded $4.4 million to develop universal flu vaccine
UTMB researchers are working to create a universal flu vaccine -- one that could eliminate the need for an annual flu shot. Thanks to a $4.4 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, UTMB researchers and biotechnology company Etubics Corporation plan to construct, produce and test a vaccine containing various antigens of the A and B strains of influenza.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kristen Hensley
k.hensley@utmb.edu
409-772-8772
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Biomacromolecules
A hydrogel that knows when to go
Rice University bioengineers have created a hydrogel that instantly turns from liquid to semisolid at close to body temperature -- and then degrades at precisely the right time.
National Institutes of Health, Gulf Coast Consortia, Baylor College of Medicine

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Sleep researchers at SRI International identify promising new treatment for narcolepsy
Neuroscientists at SRI International have found that a form of baclofen, a drug used to treat muscle spasticity, works better at treating narcolepsy than the best drug currently available when tested in mice. SRI Biosciences research scientists present a mouse model of narcolepsy that mimics the human disorder better than other models currently in use. The new narcolepsy model was used to investigate a novel therapeutic pathway and to identify a promising way of treating narcolepsy.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke

Contact: Dina Basin
dina.basin@sri.com
650-859-3845
SRI International

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Study finds genetic patterns in preeclampsia
A comprehensive review of preeclampsia genetics found important patterns among more than 500 significant genes. Among the insights is that different manifestations of the disease have distinct genetic underpinnings. The researchers plan to make their data freely searchable later this year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Nature
Scientists create first living organism that transmits added letters in DNA 'alphabet'
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have engineered a bacterium whose genetic material includes an added pair of DNA 'letters,' or bases, not found in nature. The cells of this unique bacterium can replicate the unnatural DNA bases more or less normally, for as long as the molecular building blocks are supplied.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3607.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

     
   

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