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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3503.

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Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Women & Infants earns $3 million grant from National Institutes of Health
Women & Infants Hospital has earned a five-year, $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to determine the efficacy of a neurobehavioral exam that may help to identify which infants are at greatest risk for developmental impairment.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Amy Blustein
Women & Infants Hospital

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Psychiatric Services
Most teen mental health problems go untreated
More than half of adolescents with psychiatric disorders receive no treatment of any sort, says a new study by E. Jane Costello, a Duke University professor of psychology and epidemiology and associate director of the Duke Center for Child and Family Policy. When treatment does occur, the providers are rarely mental health specialists.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alison Jones
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
ACS Nano
Penn produces graphene nanoribbons with nanopores for fast DNA sequencing
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have made an advance towards realizing a new gene sequencing technique based on threading DNA through a tiny hole in a layer of graphene. Earlier versions of the technique only made use of graphene's unbeatable thinness, but the Penn team's research shows how the material's unique electrical properties may be employed to make faster and more sensitive sequencing devices.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Clinical Psychological Science
Teens who drink alone more likely to develop alcohol problems as young adults
Most teenagers who drink alcohol do so with their friends in social settings, but a new study by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh reveals that a significant number of adolescents consume alcohol while they are alone. Furthermore, solitary teenage drinkers are more likely to develop alcohol use disorders in early adulthood.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
New England Journal of Medicine
National study finds renal stenting does not improve outcomes for renal artery stenosis patients
According to the findings from a national research trial, people who suffer from a narrowing of the arteries that lead to the kidneys, or renal artery stenosis, do not experience better outcomes when renal stenting is used. Instead, a comprehensive regimen of drug and medical therapies works just as well.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New models predict where E. coli strains will thrive
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have used the genomic sequences of 55 E. coli strains to reconstruct the metabolic repertoire for each strain. Surprisingly, these reconstructions do an excellent job of predicting the kind of environment where each strain will thrive, the researchers found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Daniel Kane
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
Blood growth factor boosts effect of exercise in peripheral artery disease
A blood cell growth factor can boost the effects of exercise in improving mobility for patients with peripheral artery disease, according to results scheduled for presentation at American Heart Association Scientific Sessions.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Jennifer Johnson
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
JAMA Internal Medicine
High-risk women get breast MRI -- but room remains for improvement
Breast MRI is a new technology that is recommended, in addition to (less-expensive) mammography, for screening women at high lifetime risk for breast cancer. Two papers in JAMA Internal Medicine (one national from Group Health and one regional from Harvard) show that breast MRI is now being used for screening more often than for diagnosis; and for screening it is overused in average-risk women and underused in higher-risk women, but that pattern is improving.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Developmental Psychology
With board games, it's how children count that counts
Researchers have examined whether playing board games can help children improve math skills. It turns out the method children use to count as they move their tokens on a board game is directly linked to their gains in numeracy, according to researchers from Boston College and Carnegie Mellon University. The new study suggests parents and teachers need to direct children's attention to the numbers on the board game in order to realize math gains.
US Department of Education, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ed Hayward
Boston College

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
Small vessel changes in eye, kidney provide clues to risky heart rhythm
Small vessel changes in eye; kidney provide clues to risky heart rhythm.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Journal of Adolescent Health
Influence of pro-smoking media messages lasts 7 days, study finds
A first-of-its-kind study finds that an exposure to a single pro-smoking media message increases college-aged students' risk of using tobacco for seven days. The project is the first to attempt to quantify the persistence that cigarette advertising and other pro-smoking media messages have on consumers and has implications for policies that limit tobacco advertising and other efforts aimed at curbing youth tobacco use.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Promiscuous mouse moms bear sexier sons
University of Utah biologists found that when mother mice compete socially for mates in a promiscuous environment, their sons play hard and die young: They attract more females by making more urinary pheromones, but smelling sexier shortens their lives.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
Cell Cycle
Novel study charts aggressive prostate cancer
Many patients diagnosed with prostate cancer have indolent, slow-growing forms of the disease that are not life-threatening. However, more than 30,000 American men will die from aggressive prostate cancer this year alone. This sharp contrast between low-risk and aggressive disease presents a challenge for many researchers and physicians as they diagnose patients and also determine the prognosis of the men with the most aggressive forms of prostate cancer.
Steven Spielberg Discovery Fund, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Cara Lasala
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
Journal of Virology
Researchers capture structure of key part of deadly Nipah virus
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute have solved the structure of a key protein in the Nipah virus, which could pave the way for the development of a much-needed antiviral drug.
National Institutes of Health, Achievement Rewards for College Scientists, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
Nature Medicine
Drug shows early promise in treating seizures
A study out today in the journal Nature Medicine suggests a potential new treatment for the seizures that often plague children with genetic metabolic disorders and individuals undergoing liver failure. The discovery hinges on a new understanding of the complex molecular chain reaction that occurs when the brain is exposed to too much ammonia.
National Institutes of Health, Research Council of Norway, Nordic Center of Excellence Program, Letten Found, Fulbright Foundation

Contact: Mark Michaud
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
'Virtual reality hands' may help stroke survivors recover hand function
Scientists used brain-computer interface technology to help stroke survivors use their minds to power "virtual reality hands" to help regain the use of their arms and hands. The technology offers hope of recovery to stroke survivors and others who have lost mobility and control of their arms and hands.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
American Heart Association

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
Childhood cancer treatment takes toll on hearts of survivors
Childhood cancer survivors have changes in their arteries that may increase their risks of early heart disease and atherosclerosis. Monitoring these patients for heart disease and managing risk factors will be important following cancer treatment.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources and General Clinical Research

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
American Heart Association

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Journal of Cell Biology
Penn Dental Medicine team identifies molecule critical to healing wounds
Skin provides a first line of defense against viruses, bacteria and parasites that might otherwise make people ill. When an injury breaks that barrier, a systematic chain of molecular signaling launches to close the wound and re-establish the skin's layer of protection. A study led by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Dental Medicine now shows that the molecule FOX01 is critical to the wound-healing process.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
U of M researchers find HIV protein may impact neurocognitive impairment in infected patients
A protein shed by HIV-infected brain cells alters synaptic connections between networks of nerve cells, according to new research out of the University of Minnesota. The findings could explain why nearly half of all patients infected with the AIDS virus experience some level of neurocognitive impairment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Drug offers promising approach to improve outcome for children with high-risk leukemia
Combining the drug gemtuzumab ozogamicin with conventional chemotherapy may improve the outcome of bone marrow transplantation for some children battling high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, according to a study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Mount Sinai's Arvin Dar, Ph.D., receives NIH New Innovator Award for drug development
Arvin Dar, PhD, structural and chemical biologist in oncological sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, is one of 41 national recipients of the prestigious National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Awards for High-Risk, High Reward Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
American Journal of Sociology
How teens choose their friends
A national study led by a Michigan State University scholar finds that the courses students take in high school have powerful effects on the friendships they make.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Vivax malaria may be evolving around natural defense
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have discovered recent genetic mutations in a parasite that causes over 100 million cases of malaria annually -- changes that may render tens of millions of Africans who had been considered resistant, susceptible to infection.
The Clinical and Translational Science Collaborative of Cleveland, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Obesity Week
Mandatory calorie postings at fast-food chains often ignored or unseen, does not influence food choice
Posting the calorie content of menu items at major fast-food chains in Philadelphia, per federal law, does not change purchasing habits or decrease the number of calories that those customers consume, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center reported today at the Obesity Society's annual scientific meeting, held in Atlanta, Georgia.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lorinda Klein
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Persistent gene therapy in muscle may not require immunosuppression
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Christian Mueller and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Medical School evaluated the persistence of rAAV-mediated expression the gene encoding M-type α-1 antitrypsin in patients that were AAT deficient
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Food and Drug Administration

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3503.

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