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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3531.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

Public Release: 9-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Mice exposed to retinoid deficiency in utero exhibit bronchial hyperresponsiveness as adults
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Wellington Cardoso and colleagues at the Boston University School of Medicine reveal that mice born to mothers with retinoid deficiency during pregnancy are at increased risk of developing airway hyperesponsiveness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 9-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Engineered anti-toxin antibodies improve efficacy
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jeffrey Ravetch and colleagues at the Rockefeller University demonstrate that engineering the Fc domain of anti-toxin antibodies increases toxin neutralization activity through enhancing the interaction between toxin-targeting antibodies and the Fc receptor on immune cells.
National Institutes of Health, Northeast Biodefense Center

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Discovery leads to patent for novel method of treating traumatic brain injury
Dr. James Lechleiter of the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio received a US patent for his discovery that a class of compounds is protective against traumatic brain injury (TBI). Dr. Lechleiter found that two compounds stimulate the ability of the brain's caretaker cells (called astrocytes) to do their job, which includes reducing swelling. It is hoped that preliminary studies will lead to a new class of safe and effective drugs for TBI.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Will Sansom
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Study identifies risk factors for non-fatal overdoses
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have identified that injection frequency and taking anti-retroviral therapy for HIV are risk factors for nonfatal drug overdoses among Russians who are HIV positive and inject drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Jenny Eriksen
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Nociceptin: Nature's balm for the stressed brain
Collaborating scientists at the Scripps Research Institute, the National Institutes of Health and the University of Camerino in Italy have published new findings on a system in the brain that naturally moderates the effects of stress. The findings confirm the importance of this stress-damping system, known as the nociceptin system, as a potential target for therapies against anxiety disorders and other stress-related conditions.
National Institutes of Health, Pearson Center for Alcoholism & Addiction Research, German Research Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Mental disorders in mid-life and older adulthood more prevalent than previously reported
Common methods of assessing mental or physical disorders may consistently underestimate the prevalence of mental disorders among middle-aged and older adults, a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found. The analysis reveals substantial discrepancies among mid-life and late-life adults in reporting past mental health disorders, including depression, compared with physical disorders such as arthritis and hypertension.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Tim Parsons
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
MARC travel awards announced for the APS 2014 Professional Skills Training Course
THe FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American Physiological Society Professional Skills Training Course in Orlando, Fla., from Jan. 16-19, 2014.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gail Pinder
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Coral chemical warfare: Suppressing a competitor enhances susceptibility to a predator
Competition may have a high cost for at least one species of tropical seaweed. Researchers examining the chemical warfare taking place on Fijian coral reefs have found that one species of seaweed increases its production of noxious anti-coral compounds when placed into contact with reef-building corals, but at the same time becomes more attractive to herbivorous fish.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
Infants show ability to tell friends from foes
Even before babies have language skills or much information about social structures, they can infer whether other people are likely to be friends by observing their likes and dislikes, a new study on infant cognition has found.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jann Ingmire
University of Chicago

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Bio-inspired glue keeps hearts securely sealed
In the preclinical study, researchers from Boston Children's Hospital, BWH and Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed a bio-inspired adhesive that could rapidly attach biodegradable patches inside a beating heart -- in the exact place where congenital holes in the heart occur, such as with ventricular heart defects.
Center for Integration of Medicine and Innovative Technology, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lori J Schroth
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Scripps Florida scientists identify possible key to drug resistance in Crohn's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a normally small subset of immune cells that may play a major role in the development of Crohn's disease generally and in disease-associated steroid resistance specifically.
National Institutes of Health, Crohns & Colitis Foundation, Crohn's & Colitis Discovery Laboratory at University of Miami

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Genome Biology
Penn biologists establish new method for studying RNA's regulatory 'footprint'
Biologists at the University of Pennsylvania and colleagues have teamed up to offer a new method to efficiently obtain an entire "footprint" of interactions between RNA and the proteins that bind to RNA molecules.
National Science Foundation, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
AML score that combines genetic and epigenetic changes might help guide therapy
Currently, doctors use chromosome markers and gene mutations to determine the best treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia. But a new study suggests that a score based on seven mutated genes and the epigenetic changes that the researchers discovered were also present might help guide treatment by identifying novel subsets of patients. Patients with a low score had the best outcomes, and those with high scores had the poorest outcomes.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Coleman Leukemia Research Foundation, Pelotonia Fellowship Program

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
EMBO Reports
Researchers propose alternative way to allocate science funding
Researchers in the United States have suggested an alternative way to allocate science funding. The method, which is described in EMBO reports, depends on a collective distribution of funding by the scientific community, requires only a fraction of the costs associated with the traditional peer review of grant proposals and, according to the authors, may yield comparable or even better results.
National Science Foundation, Andrew W Mellon Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Barry Whyte

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Researchers unveil rich world of fish biofluorescence
A team led by scientists from the American Museum of Natural History has released the first report of widespread biofluorescence in fishes, identifying more than 180 species that glow in a wide range of colors and patterns. Published today in PLOS ONE, the research shows that biofluorescence -- a phenomenon by which organisms absorb light, transform it, and eject it as a different color -- is common and variable among marine fish species, indicating its potential use in communication and mating.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Geographic Society/Waitt Grants

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
On-field blood test can diagnose sports concussions
A brain protein, S100B, which may soon be detected by a simple finger-stick blood test, accurately distinguishes a sports-related concussion from sports exertion, according to a study of college athletes in Rochester, N.Y., and Munich, Germany, and published in PLOS ONE by Jeffrey J. Bazarian, M.D., professor at the University of Rochester.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Orr
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Penn researchers develop 'personalized advantage index,' a new decision-making tool
Researchers have developed a decision-making model that compares and weights multiple variables to predict the optimal choice. They tested their model on data from a study of patients seeking treatment for depression, who received either cognitive behavioral therapy or medication. By using the model to generate a score for each patient indicating which treatment was likely to be more effective, researchers showed an advantage equivalent to that of an effective treatment relative to a placebo.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Elephant shark genome decoded
An international team of researchers has sequenced the genome of the elephant shark, a curious-looking fish with a snout that resembles the end of an elephant's trunk.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Caroline Arbanas
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Color-coded cells reveal patchwork patterns of X chromosome silencing in female brains
Producing brightly speckled red and green snapshots of many different tissues, Johns Hopkins researchers have color-coded cells in female mice to display which of their two X chromosomes has been made inactive, or "silenced."
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Human Frontier Science Program, Johns Hopkins' Brain Science Institute

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Study finds that information is as important as medication in reducing migraine pain
The information that doctors provide when prescribing drug therapies has long been thought to play a role in the way that patients respond to drug therapies. Now an innovative study of migraine headache confirms that a patient's expectations influence the effects of both medication and placebo pills.
National Institutes of Health, Merck and Co., Blue Guitar

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Stem cells used to model disease that causes abnormal bone growth
Researchers have developed a new way to study bone disorders and bone growth, using stem cells from patients afflicted with a rare, genetic bone disease.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, March of Dimes, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
8 million lives saved since surgeon general's tobacco warning 50 years ago
A Yale study estimates that 8 million lives have been saved in the United States as a result of anti-smoking measures that began 50 years ago this month with the groundbreaking report from the Surgeon General outlining the deadly consequences of tobacco use. The Yale School of Public Health-led analysis is published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
NIH/National Cancer Instittue

Contact: Helen Dodson
Yale University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Neuroscience study uncovers new player in obesity
A new neuroscience study sheds light on the biological underpinnings of obesity. The study reveals how a protein in the brain helps regulate food intake and body weight. The findings create a potential new avenue for the treatment of obesity and may help explain why medications that interfere with this protein, such as gabapentin and pregabalin, can cause weight gain.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, American Heart Association

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Synthetic genetic clock checks the thermometer
Scientists have developed a method to make robust synthetic gene circuits that can adjust to changing temperatures. The research may provide a window into natural genetic regulatory processes.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Racism may accelerate aging in African-American men
A new study reveals that racism may impact aging at the cellular level. A University of Maryland School of Public Health-led research team found signs of accelerated aging in a group of African-American men who reported experiencing high levels of racial discrimination and who had internalized anti-black attitudes. Findings from the study, which is the first to link racism-related factors and shortened telomere length, are published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, University of California, Emory University

Contact: Kelly Blake
University of Maryland

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3531.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>


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