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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3402.

<< < 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 > >>

Public Release: 9-May-2013
PLOS Computational Biology
Early infant growth rate linked to composition of gut microbiota
The composition of gut microbiota in a new-born baby's gut has been linked to the rate of early infant growth, reports research published this week in PLOS Computational Biology. The findings support the assertion that the early development of "microbiota" -- the body's microbial ecosystem -- in an infant can influence growth and thereby the likelihood of obesity.
Norwegian Research Council, NIH/Intramural Research Program

Contact: Merete Eggesbø

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Study finds PCB concentrations same in urban and rural areas
Despite the expectation of a large environmental exposure difference, UI researchers report that mothers and children in East Chicago, Ind., and Researchers at the University of Iowa report that residents in a rural area in Iowa have the same PCB levels in their blood as residents in urbanized East Chicago. Results appear in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Educaiton

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Journal of Infectious Diseases
New malaria tool shows which kids at greatest risk
Researchers at Michigan State University have identified a test that can determine which children with malaria are likely to develop cerebral malaria, a much more life-threatening form of the disease. The screening tool could be a game-changer in resource-limited rural health clinics where workers see hundreds of children with malaria each day and must decide which patients can be sent home with oral drugs and which need to be taken to hospitals for more comprehensive care.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy McGlashen
Michigan State University

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Cancer Prevention Research
Soy and tomato combo may be effective in preventing prostate cancer
Tomatoes and soy foods may be more effective in preventing prostate cancer when they are eaten together than when either is eaten alone, said a University of Illinois study. "We used mice that were genetically engineered to develop an aggressive form of prostate cancer. Even so, half the animals that had consumed tomato and soy had no cancerous lesions in the prostate at study's end," said John Erdman, a U of I professor of nutrition.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Brain Structure and Function
Brain anatomy of dyslexia is not the same in men and women, boys and girls
Using MRI, neuroscientists have found significant differences in brain anatomy when comparing men and women with dyslexia to their non-dyslexic control groups. Their study is the first to directly compare brain anatomy of females with and without dyslexia. "Females have been overlooked…. Our research suggests that we need to tackle dyslexia in each sex separately to address questions about its origin and potentially, treatment," says Guinevere Eden, director, Center for the Study of Learning, Georgetown.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Mallet
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Enhanced motion perception in autism may point to an underlying cause of the disorder
Children with autism see simple movement twice as quickly as other children their age, and this hypersensitivity to motion may provide clues to a fundamental cause of the developmental disorder, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Hagen
University of Rochester

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Pediatric Research
Carnitine supplement may improve survival rates of children with heart defects
A common nutritional supplement may be part of the magic in improving the survival rates of babies born with heart defects, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health, Foundation Leducq, American Heart Association

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Journal of Immunology
Discovery shows fat triggers rheumatoid arthritis
Scientists have discovered that fat cells in the knee secrete a protein linked to arthritis, a finding that paves the way for new gene therapies that could offer relief and mobility to millions of people worldwide.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 8-May-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Mass. General, Duke study identifies 2 genes that combine to cause rare syndrome
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and Duke University have identified genetic mutations that appear to underlie a rare but devastating syndrome combining reproductive failure with cerebellar ataxia -- a lack of muscle coordination -- and dementia. In a paper that will appear in the New England Journal of Medicine the investigators describe finding mutations in one or both of two genes involved in a cellular process called ubiquitination in affected members of five unrelated families.
NIH/National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Cancer biorepository speeds clinical trials, drug development, Moffitt analysis shows
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center say identifying and selecting participants for phase II cancer clinical trials from a centralized warehouse of patient-donated biological data expedites participant accrual, reduces trial size, saves money, and may speed test drugs through the drug development pipeline.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kim Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Fun and friends help ease the pain of breast cancer
Breast cancer patients who say they have people with whom they have a good time, or have "positive social interactions" with, are better able to deal with pain and other physical symptoms, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published today in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jacqueline Brown
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Lucky bacteria strike it rich during formation of treatment-resistant colonies
Like pioneers in search of a better life, bacteria on a surface wander around and often organize into highly resilient communities, known as biofilms. It turns out that a lucky few bacteria become the elite cells that start the colonies, and they organize in a rich-get-richer pattern similar to the distribution of wealth in the US economy, according to a new study by researchers at UCLA, Northwestern University and the University of Washington.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 8-May-2013
BMJ Quality and Safety
Nurse staffing ratios affect hospital readmissions for children with common conditions
A new study shows that pediatric nurse staffing ratios are significantly associated with hospital readmission for children with common medical and surgical conditions. The study, led by a nurse scientist at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, is believed to be the first to examine the extent to which hospital nurse staffing levels are related to pediatric readmissions.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute for Nursing Research

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 8-May-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Discovery of gene mutation causing Sturge-Weber syndrome, port-wine stain birthmarks offers new hope
In new findings published in the New England Journal of Medicine (Epub ahead of print), researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute reveal the discovery of the cause -- a genetic mutation that occurs before birth -- of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) and port-wine stain birthmarks. SWS is a rare disorder affecting approximately one in 20,000 births, while port-wine birthmarks are more common, affecting approximately one million individuals in the United States.
Hunter's Dream for a Cure Foundation, NIH/Brain Vascular Malformation Consortium

Contact: Megan Lustig
Kennedy Krieger Institute

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Immune cells that suppress genital herpes infections identified
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and University of Washington scientists have identified a class of immune cells that reside long-term in the genital skin and mucosa and are believed to be responsible for suppressing recurring outbreaks of genital herpes.
National Institutes of Health, James B. Pendleton Charitable Trust

Contact: Dean Forbes
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Gene replacement in pigs ameliorates cystic fibrosis-associated intestinal obstruction
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Michael Welsh and colleagues at the University of Iowa demonstrate that transgenic expression of normal CFTR in the intestine of CF pigs alleviated meconium ileus.
National Institutes of Health, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Gilead Sciences

Contact: Jillian Hurst
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 8-May-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Differences between 'marathon mice' and 'couch potato mice' reveal key to muscle fitness
Using "marathon" and "couch potato" mouse models, researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute discovered that microRNAs link the defining characteristics of fit muscles: The abilities to burn fuel and switch between muscle fiber types. They also found that active people have higher levels of one microRNA than sedentary people.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Deborah Robison
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Geneticists find causes for severe childhood epilepsies
Using a DNA sequencing technique capable of deciphering all human genes at the same time, University of Arizona researchers have discovered genetic mutations underlying seizure disorders in previously undiagnosed children. Efforts are under way to establish a genomics diagnostic center at the UA and extend the capabilities to other areas such as cardiology, immunology and gastroenterology.
Autism Speaks, Arizona Center for Biology of Complex Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gene offers clues to new treatments for a harmful blood clotting disorder
A gene associated with both protection against bacterial infection and excessive blood clotting could offer new insights into treatment strategies for deep-vein thrombosis -- the formation of a harmful clot in a deep vein. The gene produces an enzyme that, if inhibited via a specific drug therapy, could offer hope to patients prone to deep-vein clots, such as those that sometimes form in the legs during lengthy airplane flights or during recuperation after major surgery.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Study shows that bedtime regularity predicts CPAP compliance
A new study suggests that regularity of bedtime prior to initiation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is an important factor that may influence treatment compliance in adults with obstructive sleep apnea.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 7-May-2013
SLEEP 2013, 27th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies
Study links diet with daytime sleepiness and alertness in healthy adults
A new study suggests that your level of sleepiness or alertness during the day may be related to the type of food that you eat.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Science Signaling
Duke researchers describe how breast cancer cells acquire drug resistance
A seven-year quest to understand how breast cancer cells resist treatment with the targeted therapy lapatinib has revealed a previously unknown molecular network that regulates cell death. The discovery provides new avenues to overcome drug resistance, according to researchers at Duke Cancer Institute.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Pitt discovery holds potential in destroying drug-resistant bacteria
Through the serendipity of science, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have discovered a potential treatment for deadly, drug-resistant bacterial infections that uses the same approach that HIV uses to infect cells. The National Institutes of Health-supported discovery will be described in the June issue of the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. It is especially promising in the development of a potential treatment for lung infections in people with cystic fibrosis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik & Cyndy McGrath
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Initiation of breast cancer treatment varies by race; patient-doctor communication is key
Black women with breast cancer were found to be three times more likely than their white counterparts to delay treatment more than 90 days -- a delay associated with increased deaths from the disease. But many women chose to forgo treatment altogether, and the study, published in the May issue of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, suggests that low satisfaction regarding communication between black women and their doctors is a significant reason why they opt out.
American Cancer Society, Komen for the Cure, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Mallet
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-May-2013
Brain Stimulation
Nerve stimulation for severe depression changes brain function
For nearly a decade, doctors have used implanted electronic stimulators to treat severe depression in people who don't respond to standard antidepressant treatments. Now, preliminary brain scan studies conducted by School of Medicine researchers are revealing that vagus nerve stimulation brings about changes in brain metabolism weeks or even months before patients begin to feel better.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Sidney R. Baer, Jr. Foundation

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Showing releases 3226-3250 out of 3402.

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