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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3431.

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Public Release: 22-Aug-2013
Nursing Outlook
Study finds grandmothers who raise their grandkids struggle with depression
Grandmothers who care for their grandkids full time need help for depression and family strains, report researchers from the Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2013
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Human brains are hardwired for empathy, friendship, study shows
A U.Va. study using brain scans has found that people experience risk to friends in the same way they feel risk to themselves.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Fariss Samarrai
fls4f@virginia.edu
434-924-3778
University of Virginia

Public Release: 22-Aug-2013
Breast Cancer Research
Drug used for blood cancers may stop spread of breast cancer cells, Mayo Clinic finds
A drug used to treat blood cancers may also stop the spread of invasive breast cancer, researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida have discovered.
National Institutes of Health, Mayo Clinic Breast Cancer SPORE

Contact: Kevin Punsky
punsky.kevin@mayo.edu
904-953-2299
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 22-Aug-2013
Stem Cell Reports
Gladstone scientists transform non-beating human cells into heart-muscle cells
In the aftermath of a heart attack, cells within the region most affected shut down. They stop beating. And they become entombed in scar tissue. But now, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have demonstrated that this damage need not be permanent -- by finding a way to transform the class of cells that form human scar tissue into those that closely resemble beating heart cells.
NIH/Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, American Heart Association, National Science Foundation, National Center for Research Resources, Younger Family, and others

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2534
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Trial aims to advance prenatal diagnosis of genetic defects
High-risk pregnant women are being recruited for a clinical trial that aims to give parents detailed information about genetic abnormalities found with the latest prenatal genetic testing, known as microarray.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Elizabeth Streich
eas2125@cumc.columbia.edu
212-305-3689
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Mood is influenced by immune cells called to the brain in response to stress
New research shows that in a dynamic mind-body interaction during the interpretation of prolonged stress, cells from the immune system are recruited to the brain and promote symptoms of anxiety.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: John Sheridan
John.Sheridan@osumc.edu
614-293-3571
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Journal of Physiology
'Virtual heart' precision-guides defibrillator placement in children with heart disease
The small size and abnormal anatomy of children born with heart defects often force doctors to place lifesaving defibrillators entirely outside the heart, rather than partly inside -- a less-than-ideal solution to dangerous heart rhythms that involves a degree of guesstimating and can compromise therapy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Neurology
Researchers agree that Alzheimer's test results could be released to research participants
A leading group of Alzheimer's researchers contends that, as biomarkers to detect signals of the disease improve at providing clinically meaningful information, researchers will need guidance on how to constructively disclose test results and track how disclosure impacts both patients and the data collected in research studies. A survey conducted by a group including experts from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that a majority of Alzheimer's researchers supported disclosure of results to study participants.
Marian S. Ware Alzheimer's Program, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Menard
kim.menard@uphs.upenn.edu
215-662-6183
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Alcohol abuse, eating disorders share genetic link
Part of the risk for alcohol dependence is genetic. The same is true for eating disorders. Now researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that some of the same genes likely are involved in both. They report that people with alcohol dependence may be more genetically susceptible to certain types of eating disorders and vice versa.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, ABMRF/Foundation for Alcohol Research

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Insecticide-treated bed nets critical to global elimination of filariasis
An international team of scientists have demonstrated that a simple, low-cost intervention holds the potential to eradicate a debilitating tropical disease that threatens nearly 1.4 billion people in more than six dozen countries. The researchers, including Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine professor James Kazura, M.D., found that insecticide-treated bed nets reduce transmission of lymphatic filariasis to undetectable levels -- even in the absence of additional medication.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Studeny
Jessica.studeny@case.edu
216-368-4692
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Science Translational Medicine
How women achieve a healthier weight may impact long-term health of offspring
New research from the University of Cincinnati suggests that the healthy weight and glucose control women achieve through weight-loss surgery don't necessarily translate into health benefits for their future children.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Ethicon Endo-Surgery Inc.

Contact: Dama Ewbank
dama.ewbank@uc.edu
513-558-4519
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Experimental Ebola treatment protects some primates even after disease symptoms appear
Scientists have successfully treated the deadly Ebola virus in infected animals following onset of disease symptoms, according to a report published online today in Science Translational Medicine. The results show promise for developing therapies against the virus, which causes hemorrhagic fever with human case fatality rates as high as 90 percent.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
Caree.VanderLinden@us.army.mil
301-619-2285
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Nature
Bacteria make us feel pain… and suppress our immune response
Boston Children's Hospital researchers found pain from invasive skin infections from Staph, and possibly other serious, painful infections, appear to be induced by the invading bacteria themselves, and not by the body's immune response as previously thought. The research demonstrates that once the pain neurons "sense" the bacteria, they suppress the immune system, potentially helping the bacteria become more virulent.
National Institutes of Health, Boston Children's Hospital

Contact: Meghan Weber
meghan.weber@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
A virus changes its stripes
In the summer of 2010, the eastern Panamanian province of Darien experienced a phenomenon that had never been seen before in Latin America: a human outbreak of eastern equine encephalitis. UTMB researchers collaborated with Panamanian scientists to investigate the outbreak, testing samples from 174 patients and many horses.
National Institutes of Health, Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Panama.

Contact: Jim Kelly
jpkelly@utmb.edu
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 21-Aug-2013
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Common genes may underlie alcohol dependence, eating disorders
People with alcohol dependence may be more genetically susceptible to certain types of eating disorders, and vice-versa, according to a study in the September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
National Institutes of Health, ABMRF/The Foundation for Alcohol Research

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How untying knots promotes cancer
Protein elF4E can promote cancer by activating another protein, 4A, to untangle knots in mRNA allowing gene translation to proceed. The discovery by UC Davis scientists resolves a 35-year old mystery.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Chromosome 21 abnormality tells oncologists to treat pediatric ALL more aggressively
A recent study by members of the Children's Oncology Group reports results of a large trial showing that children whose leukemia cells have amplification of a portion of chromosome 21 may require more aggressive treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia than children without this gene amplification.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
garth.sundem@ucdenver.edu
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Chemical Senses
Multiple genes manage how people taste sweeteners
Genetics may play a role in how people's taste receptors send signals, leading to a wide spectrum of taste preferences, according to Penn State food scientists. These varied, genetically influenced responses may mean that food and drink companies will need a range of artificial sweeteners to accommodate different consumer tastes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Neurology
Johns Hopkins researchers identify conditions most likely to kill encephalitis patients
People with severe encephalitis -- inflammation of the brain -- are much more likely to die if they develop severe swelling in the brain, intractable seizures or low blood platelet counts, regardless of the cause of their illness, according to new Johns Hopkins research.
NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdemon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Study implicates dopamine in food restriction, drug abuse
Why are food-restricted animals more vulnerable to the effects of drugs of abuse? Researchers in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio found a clue: dopamine neurons in a specific brain region fire bursts more than twice as frequently in chronically food-restricted mice.
National Institutes of Health, San Antonio Life Sciences Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Will Sansom
sansom@uthscsa.edu
210-567-2579
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
First pre-clinical gene therapy study to reverse Rett symptoms
The concept behind gene therapy is simple: Deliver a healthy gene to compensate for one that is mutated. New research published today in the Journal of Neuroscience suggests this approach may eventually be a feasible option to treat Rett Syndrome, the most disabling of the autism spectrum disorders. Gail Mandel, Ph.D., a Howard Hughes Investigator at Oregon Health and Sciences University, led the study.
Rett Syndrome Research Trust, National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust MRC, American Medical Response, Henry Smith Charity, RS MacDonald Charity

Contact: Monica Coenraads
monica@rsrt.org
203-445-0041
Rett Syndrome Research Trust

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
Researchers identify biomarkers for possible blood test to predict suicide risk
Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have found a series of RNA biomarkers in blood that may help identify who is at risk for committing suicide.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Affairs

Contact: Eric Schoch
eschoch@iu.edu
317-274-8205
Indiana University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
How sleep helps brain learn motor task
Sleep helps the brain consolidate what we've learned, but scientists have struggled to determine what goes on in the brain to make that happen for different kinds of learned tasks. In a new study, researchers pinpoint the brainwave frequencies and brain region associated with sleep-enhanced learning of a sequential finger tapping task akin to typing, or playing piano.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
mBio
Bacterial toxins cause deadly heart disease
University of Iowa researchers have discovered what causes the lethal effects of staphylococcal infective endocarditis -- a serious bacterial infection of heart valves that kills approximately 20,000 Americans each year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 20-Aug-2013
Radiology
Multicenter trial finds BI-RADS 3 breast lesions have low cancer rate
Based on data from a multi-site imaging trial involving more than 2,600 women, researchers say breast lesions categorized as 'probably benign' on supplemental screening ultrasound could be re-evaluated with imaging in 12 months, reducing patient anxiety, follow-up exams and unnecessary biopsies.
National Institutes of Health, Avon Foundation

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3431.

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