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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3799.

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Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Think you have Alzheimer's? You just might be right, study says
New research by scientists at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging suggests that people who notice their memory is slipping may be on to something.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Laura Dawahare
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Immune activity shortly after surgery holds big clue to recovery rate, Stanford team finds
The millions of people who undergo major surgery each year have no way of knowing how long it will take them to recover from the operation. Some will feel better within days. For others, it will take a month or more. Right now, doctors can't tell individual patients which category they'll fit into.
Stanford University, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, European Commission, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bruce Goldman
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
How a single, genetic change causes retinal tumors in young children
David E. Cobrinik, M.D., Ph.D., of The Vision Center at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, together with colleagues at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, has answered the long-standing question of why mutations to the RB1 gene primarily cause tumors of the retina and not of other cell types.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Memory slips may signal increased risk of dementia years later
New research suggests that people without dementia who begin reporting memory issues may be more likely to develop dementia later, even if they have no clinical signs of the disease. The study is published in the Sept. 24, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Case Western Reserve University on track to become No. 1 synchrotron lab in world
Case Western Reserve University's synchrotron facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory is on its way to becoming the No. 1 beamline facility for biology in the world by early 2016, thanks to a jumpstart grant of $4.6 million from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, a component of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
New anti-cancer peptide vaccines and inhibitors developed by Ohio State Researchers
Researchers have developed two new anticancer peptide vaccines and two peptide inhibitors as part of a larger peptide immunotherapy effort at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center. The vaccines and inhibitors are designed to target the HER-3 and IGF-1R receptors, which are over-expressed in cancers of the breast, pancreas, esophagus and colon.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
American Journal of Sports Medicine
Does size matter? MRI imaging sheds light on athletes most at risk for severe knee injury
With only 200-300,000 per year, ACL injuries are far less common than ankle ligament injuries, which number more than two million annually. But ACL injuries can end sports careers and are proven to lead to the early onset of osteoarthritis, setting young athletes on a track towards joint replacement beginning as early as their 30s. Two Vermont studies provide greater clues about those most at risk.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
University of Vermont

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
UW-Madison team developing 'tissue chip' to screen neurological toxins
A multidisciplinary team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Morgridge Institute for Research is creating a faster, more affordable way to screen for neural toxins, helping flag chemicals that may harm human development.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Thomson
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
International Journal of Drug Policy
NYU-Mount Sinai Beth Israel study explores drug users' opinions on genetic testing
The study gauged drug users' attitudes and understandings of genetics and genetic testing through six focus groups segregated by race and ethnicity to increase participants' comfort in talking about racial and ethnic issues.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Research shows alcohol consumption influenced by genes
How people perceive and taste alcohol depends on genetic factors, and that influences whether they 'like' and consume alcoholic beverages, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Academic Medicine
Medical students who attended community college likelier to serve poor communities
Among students who apply to and attend medical school, those from underrepresented minority backgrounds are more likely than white and Asian students to have attended a community college at some point. Community college students who were accepted to medical school were also more likely than those students who never attended a community college to commit to working with underserved populations.
Veterans Affairs Office of Academic Affiliations, VA/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Researchers identify brain areas activated by itch-relieving drug
Brain areas that respond to reward and pleasure are linked to the ability of the drug butorphanol to relieve itch, according to new research led by Dr. Gil Yosipovitch, Chair of Dermatology at Temple University School of Medicine. The findings point to the involvement of the brain's opioid receptors -- known for their roles in pain, reward, and addiction -- in itch relief, potentially opening up new avenues to the development of treatments for chronic itch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Advancing the understanding of an understudied food allergy disorder
Investigators at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have published the first study to extensively characterize eosinophilic gastritis.
National Institutes of Health, Campaign Urging Research for Eosinophilic Disease, Food Allergy Research & Education, Buckeye Foundation

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
ACS Nano
Nanotubes help healing hearts keep the beat
Patches to heal pediatric heart defects are improved when infused with carbon nanotubes. The nanotubes serve as bridges for cell-to-cell electrical signals and help cells in the patches beat in sync with surrounding heart muscle.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, Texas Children's Hospital

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
New NIH/DOE grant for life science studies at NSLS-II
A new grant just awarded by the National Institutes of Health and the US Department of Energy will fund the operation of a suite of powerful experimental tools for Life Sciences research at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Lab on a Chip
Airway muscle-on-a-chip mimics asthma
New drugs are urgently needed to treat asthma. Hope may be on the horizon thanks to a team that has developed a human airway muscle-on-a-chip that accurately mimics the way smooth muscle contracts in the human airway, under normal circumstances and when exposed to asthma triggers. As reported in the journal Lab on a Chip, it also offers a window into the cellular and even subcellular responses within the tissue during an asthmatic event.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard SEAS

Contact: Kristen Kusek
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Cancer Research
Study uncovers genetic driver of inflammation, uses it to prevent and treat liver cancer
Scientists at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have demonstrated for the first time in preclinical studies that blocking the expression of a gene known as astrocyte elevated gene-1 halts the development and progression of liver cancer by regulating inflammation.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: John Wallace
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Dying brain cells cue new brain cells to grow in songbird
Using a songbird as a model, scientists have described a brain pathway that replaces cells that have been lost naturally and not because of injury. If scientists can further tap into the process and understand how those signals work, it might lead to ways to encourage replacement of cells in human brains that have lost neurons naturally because of aging or Alzheimer's disease.
National Institutes of Health, University of Washington

Contact: Sandra Hines
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Study questions accuracy of lung cancer screens in some geographic regions
A new analysis of published studies found that FDG-PET technology is less accurate in diagnosing lung cancer versus benign disease in regions where infections like histoplasmosis or tuberculosis are common. Misdiagnosis of lung lesions suspicious for cancer could lead to unnecessary tests and surgeries for patients, with additional potential complications and mortality.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
A multi-function protein is key to stopping genomic parasites from 'jumping'
Most organisms, including humans, have parasitic DNA fragments called 'jumping genes' that insert themselves into DNA molecules, disrupting genetic instructions in the process. And that phenomenon can result in age-related diseases such as cancer. But researchers at the University of Rochester now report that the 'jumping genes' in mice become active as the mice age when a multi-function protein stops keeping them in check in order to take on another role.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Critically ill ICU patients lose almost all of their gut microbes and the ones left aren't good
Researchers at the University of Chicago have shown that after a long stay in the Intensive Care Unit only a handful of pathogenic microbe species remain behind in patients' intestines. The team tested these remaining pathogens and discovered that some can become deadly when provoked by conditions that mimic the body's stress response to illness.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Alcohol-evoked drinking sensations differ among people as a function of genetic variation
Taste strongly influences food and beverage intake, including alcohol. A new study looks at the relationship between alcohol-related sensations and polymorphisms in bitter and burn receptor genes. Findings indicate that genetic variations in taste receptors influence intensity perceptions.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John E. Hayes
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
First drink to first drunk
An early age of onset of drinking is a risk factor for subsequent heavy drinking and negative outcomes. New research looks at both an early AO, as well as a quick progression from initial alcohol use to drinking to the point of intoxication, as risk factors. Findings indicate that both are associated with high-school student alcohol use and binge drinking.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Meghan E. Morean
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Higher cigarette taxes and stronger smoke-free policies may reduce alcohol consumption
Increasing cigarette taxes and smoke-free policies are known to reduce smoking prevalence. New findings show that these measures may also lead to a decrease in alcohol consumption. These findings apply to beer and spirits, but not wine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa J. Krauss, M.P.H.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Best friends' drinking can negate the protective effects of an alcohol dehydrogenase 1B gene variant
Alcohol use that begins during adolescence affects the development of alcohol use disorders during adulthood. A new study looks at the effects of interplay between peer drinking and the functional variant rs1229984 in the alcohol dehydrogenase 1B gene (ADH1B) among adolescents. Peer drinking reduces the protective effects of this ADH1B variant.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura J. Bierut
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3799.

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