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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3668.

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Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
National Eye Institute awards more than half a million dollars to NSU College of Optometry
The National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health has awarded up to $556,532 to investigators at Nova Southeastern University's College of Optometry to study the relationship between the vision condition, convergence insufficiency, and reading performance and attention. The grant will fund the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial -- Attention and Reading Trial, a national multi-center clinical trial that involves optometry, ophthalmology, psychiatry and education in determining how this eye-teaming problem impacts a child's attention and reading performance.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Jeremy Katzman
mc2740@nova.edu
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
PLOS ONE
NYU and UCSF researchers develop a framework for monitoring oral cancer
The findings published online in the journal PLOS ONE begin to develop a framework for exploiting the oral microbiome for monitoring oral cancer development, progression and recurrence.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Miriam Hospital study shows how to make statewide health campaigns more effective
Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that adding evidence-based weight loss strategies to a statewide wellness campaign improves weight loss outcomes among participants. The study and its findings are published online in advance of print in the American Journal of Public Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elena Falcone-Relvas
efalconerelvas@lifespan.org
401-793-7484
Lifespan

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Limiting carbs could reduce breast cancer recurrence in women with positive IGF1 receptor
Dartmouth researchers have found that reducing carbohydrate intake could reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence among women whose tumor tissue is positive for the IGF-1 receptor. The study, 'Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence Associated with Carbohydrate Intake and Tissue Expression of IGFI Receptor,' will appear in the July issue of Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Walton Family Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Robin Dutcher
Robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
$2.3 million NIH grant to UCF will help improve critical patient care
Intubating and placing patients on ventilators saves lives, but it also comes with risks especially for people who are critically ill. UCF College of Nursing Interim Dean and Orlando Health Distinguished Professor Mary Lou Sole hopes to change the odds for patients by improving the way nurses manage their patients' care when they need a ventilator.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Zenaida Gonzalez Kotala
zenaida.kotala@ucf.edu
407-823-6120
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers use human stem cells to create light-sensitive retina in a dish
Using a type of human stem cell, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have created a three-dimensional complement of human retinal tissue in the laboratory, which notably includes functioning photoreceptor cells capable of responding to light, the first step in the process of converting it into visual images.
Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Lauren Nelson
lnelso35@jhmi.edu
410-955-8725
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists wipe out malaria-carrying mosquitoes in the lab by creating male-only offspring
Scientists have modified mosquitoes to produce sperm that will only create males, pioneering a fresh approach to eradicating malaria.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gail Wilson
gail.wilson@imperial.ac.uk
44-020-759-46702
Imperial College London

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
'Trust hormone' oxytocin helps old muscle work like new, study finds
UC Berkeley researchers have discovered that oxytocin -- a hormone associated with maternal nurturing, social attachments, childbirth and sex -- plays a critical role in healthy muscle maintenance and repair. It is the latest target for development as a potential treatment for age-related muscle wasting.
SENS Research Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
PLOS Medicine
Moles linked to risk for breast cancer
Cutaneous nevi, commonly known as moles, may be a novel predictor of breast cancer, according to two studies published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Jiali Han and colleagues from Indiana University and Harvard University, United States, and Marina Kvaskoff and colleagues from INSERM, France, report that women with a greater number of nevi are more likely to develop breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Social Science & Medicine
In fighting obesity, targeting popular teens not all that effective
In the fight against teenage obesity, some researchers have proposed targeting popular teens, in the belief that such kids would have an outsize influence on their peers. But in a Loyola University Chicago study, researchers were surprised to find that this strategy would be only marginally more effective than targeting overweight kids at random.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seafarers brought Neolithic culture to Europe, gene study indicates
Genetic evidence in modern populations suggests that Neolithic farmers from the Levant traveled mostly by sea to reach Europe. By 7,000 B.C., they were introducing their ideas and their genes to the native Paleolithic people, who had migrated to the continent 30,000 to 40,000 years before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Union Social Fund

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein could put antibiotic-resistant bugs in handcuffs
A team from Duke and the University of Sydney has solved the structure of a key protein that drives DNA copying in the plasmids that make staphylococcus bacteria antibiotic resistant. Knowing how this protein works may now help researchers devise new ways to stop the plasmids from spreading antibiotic resistance in staph by preventing the plasmids from copying themselves.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Medical Research Council of Australia

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Circulation
Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging low for most children; rises with complex tests
Children with heart disease are exposed to low levels of radiation during X-rays, which do not significantly raise their lifetime cancer risk. However, children who undergo repeated complex imaging tests that deliver higher doses of radiation may have a slightly increased lifetime risk of cancer, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, Mend a Heart Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Immunology
Faster, higher, stronger: A protein that enables powerful initial immune response
A team of Wistar scientists offer evidence that a protein, called Foxp1, is a key controller of our immune system's ability to generate an antibody response. Manipulating this protein's activity, they say, could provide a useful pathway to boosting antibody responses to treat infectious diseases, for example, or suppressing them to treat autoimmune disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation, Martha W. Rogers Trust

Contact: Greg Lester
glester@wistar.org
215-898-3943
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Does 'free will' stem from brain noise?
Our ability to make choices -- and sometimes mistakes -- might arise from random fluctuations in the brain's background electrical noise, according to a recent study from the Center for Mind and Brain at UC Davis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
ASCO 50th Annual Meeting
African-American women more likely to be diagnosed with higher risk breast cancer
A research study led by cancer specialists at MedStar Washington Hospital Center's Washington Cancer Institute found that African-American women frequently present with biologically less favorable subtypes of breast cancer. The researchers analyzed the biology of breast cancer in 100 African-American women, using a method of genomic profiling. These genomic tests look at the expression of genes associated with the risk of recurrence in the population and further characterizes the biology of the tumor.
National Institutes of Health, National Center for Research Resources, Safeway Foundation

Contact: Sylvia T. Ballinger
sylvia.t.ballinger@medstar.net
202-877-7072
MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature
CU researchers explain mechanism that helps viruses spread
In an article published in the scientific journal Nature, a University of Colorado School of Medicine researcher and colleagues explain how RNA molecules found in certain viruses mimic the shape of other molecules as part of a strategy to 'hijack' the cell and make more viruses.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Couch
mark.couch@ucdenver.edu
303-724-5377
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Penn receives $10 million award to study asbestos adverse health effects, remediation
Researchers at the Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, have been awarded a $10 million grant from the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences over the next four years to study asbestos exposure pathways that lead to mesothelioma, the bioremediation of this hazardous material, and mechanisms that lead to asbestos-related diseases.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
City of Hope links specific gene to adult growth of brain cells, learning and memory
Learning and memory are regulated by a region of the brain known as the hippocampus. New research from City of Hope has found that stimulating a specific gene could prompt growth -- in adults -- of new neurons in this critical region, leading to faster learning and better memories.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole White
nwhite@coh.org
626-471-7298
City of Hope

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Game technology teaches mice and men to hear better in noisy environments
Researchers from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School and Harvard University programmed a new type of game that trained both mice and humans to enhance their ability to discriminate soft sounds in noisy backgrounds. Their findings will be published in PNAS Online Early Edition the week of June 9-13, 2014.
National Institutes of Health, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Curing Kids Fund

Contact: Mary Leach
Mary_Leach@meei.harvard.edu
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Combination therapy may help patients with follicular lymphoma
Follicular lymphoma is an incurable form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is diagnosed each year in 120,000 people worldwide. Researchers show that a high-risk group of patients with the disease could benefit from a novel drug combination.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, Leukemia Research Foundation, and others

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
UNC researchers pinpoint new role for enzyme in DNA repair, kidney cancer
Twelve years ago, UNC School of Medicine researcher Brian Strahl, PhD, found that a protein called Set2 plays a role in how yeast genes are expressed -- specifically how DNA gets transcribed into messenger RNA. Now his lab has found that Set2 is also a major player in DNA repair, a complicated and crucial process that can lead to the development of cancer cells if the repair goes wrong.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unchealth.unc.edu
919-923-0959
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Statin use associated with less physical activity
One of the longest studies of its type has found that use of statins in older men is associated with less physical activity, a significant issue for a population that's already sedentary. The findings, published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, raise concerns about a decline in much-needed physical activity among men who take some of the most widely prescribed medications in the world.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Foundation of Oregon

Contact: David Lee
leedav@oregonstate.edu
503-494-2258
Oregon State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Circulation Research: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging tests is low for most children
Standard X-rays don't significantly raise cancer risks among young children. However, children undergoing more complex procedures with higher radiation doses like cardiac catheterizations and computed tomography scans have higher cancer risks over their lifetime. Parents should discuss options with healthcare providers before kids undergo imaging that exposes them to radiation.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Darcy Spitz
darcy.spitz@heart.org
212-878-5940
American Heart Association

Public Release: 8-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
Longer telomeres linked to risk of brain cancer
New genomic research led by UC San Francisco scientists reveals that two common gene variants that lead to longer telomeres, the caps on chromosome ends thought by many scientists to confer health by protecting cells from aging, also significantly increase the risk of developing the deadly brain cancers known as gliomas.
National Institutes of Health, National Brain Tumor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco

Contact: Peter Farley
peter.farley@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Showing releases 3251-3275 out of 3668.

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